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1jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q March 2016 C H E L I S A N D E S H
o; leq
ljutdf g]kfnL r]nLx¿ ef/tsf] s]xL
;xsf ahf/df a]lrg afWo x'Gy] . 8]9
bzs cufl8af6 eg] vf8L d'n'sdf
klg g]kfnL r]nLx¿ /f]huf/s] afxgfdf a]lrg
yfn] . kl5Nnf] ;do t ckmuflg:yfg, l;l/of /
O/fs h:tf d'n'sx? x'Fb} clk|msL d'n'sx?;Dd klg
g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg yfn]sf 5g . o;sf] cy{
g]kfnsf] dfgj a]rlavgsf] ;jfn emg} k]lrnf] /
uDeL/ aGb} uO/x]sf] 5 .
/fHo tyf u}/ ;/sf/L tj/af6 yflnPsf ljleGg
k|oTg, cleofg / sfo{qmdx?n] ef/tLo ahf/df x'g]
dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf s]xL ;'wf/x? b]lvPsf
5g . t/, cGo d'n'sx?df a9b} uPsf] a]rlavgsf]
tLj|tfn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fdf
yk r'gf}tL / hf]lvdx? ylkPsf 5g .
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/nfO{ lnP/ s7f]/
sfg"gL k|fjwfg klg lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . ljutdf h:tf]
lkmtnf] sfg"gsf sf/0f ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t u/fpg
;lsPg eGg] cj:yf klg 5}g . dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/df ;+nUgnfO{ @) jif{ h]n / @ nfv;Dd
hl/jfgf x'g] :ki6 sfg"gL Joj:yf 5 . To;}u/L dfgj
a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^$
/ dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f
lgodfjnL @)^% sfof{Gjogdf cfO;s]sf] 5 .
csf{]tkm a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf kl/;s]sfx?nfO{
k"g{:yflkt u/fpg] p2]Zon] k"g{:yfkgf s]Gb| ;+rfng
lgb{]lzsf @)^* ;d]t nfu' eO;s]sf] 5 .
/fHon] gLltut / ;+/rgfut?kdf dfgj a]rlavg
lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ljleGg cjwf/0ff /
of]hgfx? cufl8 ;fl//x]sf] 5 eg] ;of}+sf] ;ªVofdf
u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx? dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df
lqmofzLn 5g . csf{]tkm{ a]rlavgsf] ;a}eGbf
hf]lvddf /x]sf dlxnf / afnaflnsfx?sf] ;'/Iff,
Ifdtf clea[4L / cfTdlge{tf;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg
sfo{qmdx? ;d'bfo :t/df ;+rflnt eO/x]sf 5g .
o:tf sfo{qmdx?n] ;r]tgf / 1fgsf] If]qdf pNn]Vo
;'wf/ klg NofPsf 5g . ;"rgf / k|ljwLsf] a9bf]
k|of]u / kFx'rn] dflg;sf] 1fgsf] bfo/fnfO{ klg lgs}
km/flsnf] agfpFb} nu]sf] 5 . ljleGg cg';Gwfg
/ cWoogx?n] ;fIf/tf tyf z}lIfs If]qdf klg
cfzf nfUbf] kl/jt{gnfO{ b]vfO/x]sf 5g . lgs}
5f]6f] ;dodf ePsf ljleGg /fhgLlts cfGbf]ng /
kl/jt{gx?n] klg g]kfnL ;dfhsf] r]tgf :t/df 7"nf]
?kfGt/0f NofPsf] klg atfOG5 . t/, otL x'Fbfx'Fb}
klg dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt
ck/fwdf lsg Go"lgs/0f x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g <
a]rlavgsf] ;jfn ljutsf] eGbf emg} hl6n lsg
alg/x]sf] 5 < lsg g]kfnL dlxnf / afnaflnsfx?
g]kfndf x/]s jif{ afx| xhf/ dlxnf tyf
afnaflnsfx? a]rlavgdf kg{] u/]sf 5g .
s]= cfO{= g]kfnåf/f k|sflzt
lsg 36b}g dfgj a]rlavg <
»» s]=cfO{= g]kfn÷k[i7e"ld
»» lsg 5'65g bf]ifL <
»» Joj;foL aGb} r]nLx?
»» hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6 km]l/of]
»» /Ifs g} eIfs ePkl5
»» k|ljlw / dfgj a]rlavg
»» a]b]lzPsL 5f]/Lsf] kq
»» dlxnfsf ;d:of hxfFsf] ToxL
»» cGt{jftf{
x|f; x'Fb} uPsf] g}lts d'No, :jtGqf eGbf klg
:jR5Gb x'Fb} uPsf] ;dfh, cyf{]kfh{gsf] k|d'v
;|f]t aGb} uPsf] a}b]lzs /f]huf/L h:tf sf/0fx?n]
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df a[l4 eO/x]sf]
5 . clwsf/sdL{ df]xgf cG;f/L /fhgLlts g]t[Tj
a]rlavg lj?4 gnfu'Gh]n o;sf] lgoGq0f jf
Go"lgs/0f x'g ;d:of x'g] atfpFg'x'G5 . …/fhgLlts
g]t[Tjn] dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 nfUg] O{R5fzlQm
ha;Dd b]vfpFb}gg tj;Dd a]rlavg lj?4sf
h:tf;'s} cleofg klg ;kmn gx'g]Ú cG;f/Lsf]
bfjL 5 .
a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ eO/x]sf 5g <
;g @))% df ul/Psf] Ps cWoog cg';f/ g]kfndf
x/]s jif{ afx| xhf/ dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx?
a]rlavgdf kg{] u/]sf 5g . x'g t of] bz jif{ cufl8sf]
tYofÍ xf] . t/, x/]s lbg h;f] O/fs, l;l/of nufot
clk|msL d'n'sx?;Fu hf]l8P/ cfpg] g]kfnL dfgj
a]rlavgsf ;dfrf/x?nfO{ dWogh/ ubf{ of] tYofÍdf
vf;} cGt/ g/x]sf] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . a? a}b]lzs
/f]huf/Lsf] gfddf a9b} uPsf] dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/sf sf/0f o;sf] km}nfj6 / cfofddf
a9f]Q/L x'Fb} uPsf] 5 .
ljutdfdfgja]rlavgsfk5fl8ul/jL/clzIffnfO{
k|d'v sf/s tTjsf] ?kdf lnOGYof] . cfh klg dfgj
a]rlavgsf k5fl8 ul/jL / clzIff g} dxTjk"0f{
sf/0fx? x'g . t/, k9]sf / a'em]sf elgPsfx? klg
a]rlavgdf kg'{ tyf dWod jlu{o kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?
klg a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ x'g'n] ul/jL / clzIffnfO{
dfq dfgj a]rlavgsf] sf/0f dfGg ;lsb}+g . cyf{t
kl5Nnf] ;do eO/x]sf] dfgj a]rlavgdf ul/jL
/ clzIff dfq sf/0f xf]Ogg, cGo sf/0fx? klg
ylkPsf 5g . h;sf] ef/t afx]ssf cGo d'n'sx?df
x'g] a]rlavgdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf 5 .
ul/jL, a]/f]huf/L, clzIff ;Fu;Fu} ljZjJofkLs/0fn]
lgDTofPsf] pkef]ujfbL ;F:s[lt, kl/jf/ / ;dfhdf
afFsL k[i7 # »
2 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ ljsf;f]Gd'v b]z g]kfndf dfq
geO{ ljsl;t /fi6«x?df klg /x]sf] Ps ;+ul7t ck/fw xf] .
b]zsf] ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;f+:s[lts kl/j]z cg';f/ dfgj
a]rlavgsf] :j?k / cfofd km/s km/s /x]sf] kfOG5 . g]kfndf
klgdfgja]rlavgtyfcf];f/k;f/sf];d:oflbgfg'lbggjLgtd
cfofd ;lxt uDeL/ Pj+ hl6n r'gf}tLsf] ?kdf b]vfkl//x]sf] 5 .
ljutdf g]kfnaf6 dlxnf tyf aflnsfx? ef/tsf 7"nf ;x/x?df
Joj;flos of}g zf]if0f, dfgj cËk|Tof/f]k0f, ;/s; nufot
cGo k|sf/sf >d zf]if0fsf nflu a]rlavg x'g] u/]sf]df o;sf]
cfofddf kl/jt{g x'g yfn]sf] 5 . pbfx/0fsf nflu d'n'sleq}
3/]n' >d, dgf]/~hg If]q, pBf]u tyf snsf/vfgf >d tyf
of}g zf]if0fsf nflu ljz]if u/L dlxnf / aflnsfx?sf] k|of]u
eO/x]sf] 5 eg] ljZjsf ljleGg d'n'sx?df /f]huf/sf nflu
uPsf g]kfnLx? >d zf]if0f tyf of}g zf]if0f k/L a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/sf 36gfx?af6 kLl8t÷k|efljt x'g] u/]sf] kfOG5 .
kl5Nnf] 36gfn] ljb]zL gful/s;Fu j}jflxs ;DaGw uf:g] gfddf
;d]t dlxnf tyf lszf]/Lx?sf] a]rlavg a9g yfn]sf] 5 eg]
ljleGg ;f+:s[lts÷;f+lults sfo{qmdsf] gfddf g]kfnL dlxnf
tyf lszf]/Lx? ljleGg b]zx?df of}g zf]if0fdf k/sf] kfOG5 .
@)&@ a}zfv !@ ut] uPsf] ljgf;sf/L e"sDksf sf/0f
lj:yflkt eO{ cGoq c:yfO{ ?kdf a;f]af; ul//x]sf
kl/jf/x?sf ;fy} e"sDk k|efljtx? dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/
k;f/sf] hf]lvddf kg]{ ;Defjgf a9]sf] x'Fbf o; k|fs[lts ljkbn]
csf]{ r'gf}tL ylkPsf] 5 .
g]kfn ;/sf/ nufot s]=cfO{=g]kfn / cGo u}/;/sf/L ;3+
;+:yfx?n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] ck/fwnfO{
lg/fs/0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ;d'bfo:t/;Dd ;r]tgf
a9fpg'sf ;fy} kLl8tx?sf] ;xfotfsf nflu ;]jf lj:tf/ u/]sf]
5 eg] kmf}hbf/L Gofo k|0ffnLdf ;d;fdlos ;'wf/ ub}{ nu]sf] 5 .
sfg"glgdf{0f,/fli6«oof]hgfth'{df,/fli6«o:t/b]lv:yfgLo:t/;Dd
;+:yfut ;+/rgfx?sf] ljsf; u/L pgLx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf
;fy} o; cleofgdf /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o u}/;/sf/L ;+3
;+:yfx?;Fu s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ;dGjo / ;xsfo{ ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .
ljgfzsf/L e"sDkn] NofPsf] hf]lvdnfO{ ;d]t Wofgdf /fvL
pRr hf]lvddf k/]sf ;d'bfodf a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/
x''gaf6 /f]Sg ;DalGwt ;a}sf] pRr lgu/fgL tyf ;xof]usf]
cfjZos /x]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj a]rlavg
tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0fsf] If]qdf xft]dfnf] ug{ tof/ 5 . x/]s
sfd ug{ tof/ 5 .
bof/fd kf]v/]n
cWoIf
xfd|f] egfO{
2 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
lkt[;QfTds;dfhsfsf/0fg]kfnLdlxnfx?n]ljleGgk|sf/sf]lx+;f
em]Ng' kl//x]sf] 5 . dlxnf dfly x'g] 3/]n' tyf ;fdflhs lx+;f ;Fu;Fu}
g]kfnL dlxnfx? ljleGg a}b]lzs d'n'sx?df a]lrg jf aGws aGg
afWo 5g . ul/jL, clzIff / a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0f dlxnf a]rlavgsf]
hf]lvd al9/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] ljklQsf sf/0f
xfdLn] ef]lu/]x]sf] cfly{s hl6ntfn] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/
k;f/nfO{ yk a[4L u/fpg] xf] ls eGg] lrGtf a9g' c:jefljs xf]Og .
o;tkm{ /fHo ;Fu;Fu} ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] xft]dfnf] u/]/ cufl8 a9g'k5{ .
ljz]ifu/L dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df g]kfndf w]/} ;fdflhs ;+:yfx? lqmofzLn 5g . h;n]
dfgj a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f / lgoGq0fdf cx+d e"ldsf lgefO/x]sf 5g . s]= cfO{= g]kfn
klg ljut Ps bzs b]lv dlxnf tyf afn–aflnsf lx+;fd"Qm ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{] cleofgdf
lqmofzLn /x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfu]sf] 5 .
ljleGg sf/0fn] kLl8t / k|efljt dlxnf lbbL–alxgLx?sf] k"g{:yfkgf / ;'/Iffdf yk
k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfd ;+rf/ dfWodsf] uxg e'ldsf /xG5 . xfdLx? clxn] klg
;ªqmd0fsfn ef]lu/x]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ ul/jLsf /]vfd'lg 7"nf] hg;ªVofsf] lx:;f oBfjbL
5Fb}5 . o;/L x]bf{ xfdLn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f / Go"lgs/0fsf nflu lgs} nfdf] af6f]
to ug{ afFsL g} 5 . l5d]sL d'n's ef/t;Fusf] v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdLn] pNn]Vo
nfex? k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdL ljleGg hl6n ;d:ofx?sf]
;fdgf ug{ klg afWo 5f}+ . v'nf l;dfgfn] ubf{ g]kfnn] dfgj a]rlavgsf] 8/nfUbf] k|tf8gf
em]ln/x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf ljleGg ;x/x?df g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg] qmd ljutdf cToGt} tLj|
lyof] . ljuteGbf cfh s]xL lgolGqt b]lvP klg o;n] ;fy{s ;'wf/ k|fKt ul/;s]sf] 5}g .
sf7df8f}b]lv b]zsf ljleGg ;Ldf gfsfx?df ;lqmo /x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] k|oTgaf6
w]/} g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 /f]lsg' uf}/jsf] ljifo xf] . csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf
n}lu+s lx+;f k|efljtx?sf nflu k"g:yf{kgf, kl/jf/df k"g{ldng, Pj+ ;d'bfodf ;Lkd"ns
sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{nfO{ efjL lbgx?df yk
k|efsf/L agfpg] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu
;r]tgf a9fpg] pb]Zosf ;fy s] cfO{ g]kfnn] ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ gfds a'n]l6g lg/Gt/ k|sflzt
ul/x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5 . ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ :tl/o?kdf k|sflzt xf]; .
o;n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu ;+rf/ jsfnt ug{] sfo{nfO{ emg} kl/:s[t /
z;Qm agfcf]; eGb} z'esfdgf JoQm ug{ rfxG5' .
O{lGb/f >]i7
-k|d'v dlxnf ljsf; clws[t_
dlxnf tyf jfnjfnLsf sfof{no
lj/u+h, k;f{
3jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 3
lsg 36b}g==
cG;f/L, /fhgLlts bnsf] cfly{s ;|f]t
;d]t bnfnx? aGg ;Sg] cj:yf ljBdfg /x]sfn]
a]rlavgsf] ljifonfO{ /fhgLlts d'2f agfpg' kg{]
atfpFg'x'G5 . dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleoGtf
r/Ldfoftfdfªeg]cfjZostfcg';f/sf]k|zf;lgs
;xof]u k|fKt gx'Fbf dfgj a]rlavg Go"lgs/0fdf
;d:of k}bf ePsf] atfpFg'x'G5 . tfdfª eGg'x'G5
…sfg"g sfof{Gjog g} ;j}eGbf 7"nf] r'gf}tL xf] . jt{dfg
sfg'gn] a]rlavgdf ;+nUgx?nfO{ s8f sf/jfxLsf]
Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . t/, ljljw sf/0fx?n] o;sf] k"0f{
sfof{Gjog x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . sfg'g sfof{Gjogdf
hf]8 lbg] xf] eg] a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofgn] ult
k|fKt ug{ ;S5 .Ú
dfO{tL g]kfnsL ;"rgf clws[t lzjfgL
r]Dhf]ª klg k|zf;lgs ;xof]u kof{Kt gePsf]
atfpFg'x'G5 . k|zf;gn] b[9 O{R5fzlQm ;lxt
a]rlavg lj?4 cleofg ;+rfng ug{] xf] eg] cem
w]/} bnfnx? / dfgj a]rlavgsf] ;~hfnnfO{
lgoGq0f ug{ ;Sg] r]Dhf]ªsf] bfjL 5 .
dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df lqmofzLn cleoGtfx?
kl5Nnf] ;do a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf sf/0f
a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofg emg} hl6n ePsf]
atfpF5g . pgLx?sf cg';f/ a}b]lzs /f]huf/L
;Dj4 a]rlavgsf ck/fwx?df a]rlavg lj?4sf]
sfg"gnfO{ cfslif{t ug{ ufx|f] eO/x]sf] 5 . sltko
a]rlavg s} ck/fwx?df klg 7uL d'2f nufpg' kg{]
cj:yf 5 . a}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|j4{g af]8{sf sfo{sf/L
lgb{]zs /3'/fh sfkmn] a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf gfddf
dfgj a]rlavg a9]sf] l:jsf{g'x'G5 . sfkmn]sf
cg';f/ a}b]lzs /f]huf/sf gfddf x'g] a]rlavg
b'O{ lsl;dn] x'Fb} cfPsf 5g . sfkmn] eGg'x'G5,
…Psy/L ljz'4 a]rlavg ug{] lu/f]xn] ef/t x'Fb} t];|f]
d'n's cf];f/k;f/ ul//x]sf 5g eg] csf{]y/Ln]
cfwfl/sfl/s ;+oGqsf] dfWodaf6 lab]z n}hfg]
u/]sf 5g . o;/L a}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf k7fpg]x?n]
Ps b]z eg]/ csf{] b]zdf k7fpg], Pp6f sfd eg]/
csf{] sfddf nufpg] / ;DalGwt b]z leq Pp6f
;d'xn] csf{] ;d"xnfO{ a]Rg] sfo{ ul//x]sf 5g .Ú
b]zsf] cy{tGq wfGg] k|d'v ;|f]t alg/x]sf] a}b]lzs
/f]huf/L dfgj a]rlavgsf] dfWod aGg' lrGtfhgs
ljifo ePsf] lgb{]zs sfkmn]sf] egfO{ 5 .
k};f sdfpg h] klg ug'{k5{ eGg] dxTjsfIff+n]
a]rlavg lgoGq0fnfO{ emg} s7Lg agfPsf] g]kfn
k|x/Lsf] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;]nsf P;P;kL
s[i0fk|;fb uf}td atfpFg'x'G5 . uf}tdsf cg';f/
a]rlavgdf k/]/ ljb]z k'u]sf] kLl8t ljb]zdf
emg} kLl8t aGg' k5{ . ljb]zsf] h]ndf a:g'kbf{ /
ljleGg tgfjx? em]Ng' kbf{ kLl8tsf] dgf]jn lgs}
sdhf]/ aGg k'U5 . h;n] ubf{ b]z kmls{Pkl5 o:tf
kLl8tx?n] sfg'gL n8fO{ n8g lxrlsrfpg] u/]sf]
uf}tdsf] egfO{ 5 .
l5d]sL d'n's ef/t;Fusf] v'nf ;Ldfgfsfsf
sf/0f klg a]rlavgsf lu/f]x?nfO{ ;xh ePsf]
hfgsf/x? atfpF5g . v'nf l;dfsf sf/0f ef/tLo
ahf/x?df x'g] a]rlavg t 5Fb}5 5, csf{]tkm{
kl5Nnf] ;do ef/tLo af6f]nfO{ k|of]u u/]/ t];|f]
3
d'n'sdf klg dfgj a]rlavgn] ltj|tf kfO/x]sf] 5 .
dlxnf afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfnosf
k|jQmf gf/fo0fk|;fb sfkmn] v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f x'g]
dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fnfO{ cem} k|efsf/L agfpg
g;lsPsf] atfpFg'x'G5 . k|jQmf sfkmn]sf cg';f/
v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f x'g] a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf
nflu k|efsf/L ;dGjo cem} x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g .
slknj:t' lhNnfsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L cAb'n
snfd vfg klg v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f a]rlavg
lgoGq0fdf ;d:of k}bf eO/x]sf] l:jsf{g'x'G5 . vfg
eGg'x'G5 …d'Vo gfsfdf dfq a]rlavg lj?4sf]
ultljwL s]lGb|t 5 . bnfnx?n] cGo ;fgf / rf]/L
gfsfx? klg k|of]u ul//x]sf 5g .Ú afFs] lhNnfsf
k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L /ljnfn kGysf] egfO{ klg
slknj:t'sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L;Fu ldNbf] 5 .
kGysf cg';f/ bnfnx?n] ;+:yfx?sf] lqmofzLntf
ePsf] gfsfx¿ eGbf cGo gfsfx?sf] k|of]u ul/x]sf
5g . k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L kGy …/f]huf/Lsf] cj;/
gx'g' / ;dfhdf ljb]z hfg] nx8 rNg'n] klg
a]rlavg lgoGq0f ug{ ufx|f] eO/x]sf]Ú atfpFg'x'G5 .
afFs] lhNnfsf k|x/L pkl/Ifs 6]sk|;fb /fO{sf cg';f/
cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷)&@ df g]kfnu+hsf] hd'gfxf
gfsfaf6 k|x/L / ljleGg ;+3;+:yfsf] ;xof]udf pRr
hf]lvddf /x]sf !$) hgf dlxnf, $% hgf aflnsf
/ !^ hgf afnsnfO{ p4f/ u/L 3/ lkmtf{ ul/Psf]
5 . pkl/Ifs /fO{ kfl/jfl/s c;Gt'ng, cfdf jf
afa'sf] bf]:f|f] ljjfx tyf lszf]/sflns pd]/df
k|bfg ug'{ kg{] lzIffsf] cefjn] klg a]rlavgnnfO{
;xof]u k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5 .
dfgj a]rlavg l;Ëf] dfgj ;d'bfosf nflu k]lrnf]
d'2f xf] . t/, cNkljsl;t d'n'sx?sf nflu eg]
a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f tyf lgoGq0f emg} hl6n d'2f
alg/x]sf] 5 . ;dfhdf JofKt ul/jL / a]/f]huf/Ln]
dfq xf]Og g}lts / hLjg d'Nodf cfPsf] x|f;n]
klg a]rlavgnfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{
ljZjJofkLs/0fsf] k|efjn] ;dfhdf a9b} uPsf]
pkef]ujfbL k|j[QL klg dfgj a]rlavgsf nflu pj{/
e"dL eO/x]sf] 5 . ablnFbf] ;do / r'gf}tL cg'?k
a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f jf lgoGq0fsf k|of;x? yflng'
clt cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu cfjZos
gLlt lgdf{0f / sfof{Gjogdf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] Wofg
k'¥ofpg' h?/L b]lvG5 .
qmdz k[i7 ! af6
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 3jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf ultljwLx¿
k|ltj]bg n]vg tflnddf ;xefuL sd{rf/Lx?
;g @)!^ sf nflu of]hgf th'{df ul/b}
;r]tgfd"ns ¥oflndf ;xeflutf
gf/L lbj;df ;xefuL dlxnfx?
4 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj a]rlavg
/ n}lËs lx+;f cGTosf
nflu lqmofzLn Ps u}x|
;/sf/L ;+:yf xf] . o;sf] :yfkgf ljqmd ;Djt
@)^$ ;fndf ePsf] xf] . o;sf] s]Gb|Lo
sfof{no hjfnfv]n, nlntk'/df /x]sf] 5 .
s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ;Ldf lgu/fgL, k"g{M:yfkgf u[x
tyf ;Lk ljsf; s]Gb| ;+rfng, :jf:Yo lzIff /
hLljsf]kfh{g sfo{qmd, dlxnf ;d"x u7g tyf
kl/rfng, r]tgf clej[l4 nufot ;d'bfosf
cfwf/e"t cfjZostf kl/k"lt{sf nflu sfo{qmd
;+rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavgsf]
cGTo / n}lËs lx+;fd'Qm ;dfhsf] :yfkgf ug]{
kl/sNkgfsf ;fy o;sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf] xf] .
dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;f k|efljt jf
pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ ;+ul7t u/L
;Ddflgt / ;sf/fTds hLjgofkg ug{ ;Ifd
agfpgsf nflu cfjZos 1fg / ;Lk k|bfg ug'{
;+:yfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo xf] . cfly{s tyf ;dflhs
cj:yf sdhf]/ ePsf / a]rlavg k|efljt
r]nLx?sf] hLjg:t/df ;sf/fTds ;'wf/
Nofpg klg ;+:yf lqmofzLn 5 .
n}lËs lx+;f / dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfd tyf
lgoGq0f ug{ kxn ug]{, dfgj a]rlavgaf6
k|efljt tyf a]rlavgsf] ;Defjgfdf
/x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ p4f/ u/L k/fdz{ lbg] sfd
;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 . ;d:ofdf k/]sf r]nL /
dlxnfx?nfO{ kfl/jfl/s k'gld{ng / ;dflhs
k"gM:yfkgfdf ;xof]u ug]{ / pRr hf]lvddf
/x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpgsf nflu
ljleGg ;Lkd'ns / cfod"ns tflnd ;+rfng
ug]{ sfd klg ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 . dfgj
a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvdf /x]sf ;d'bfosf]
z}lIfs, cfly{s, :jf:Yo / ;dflhs cj:yfdf
;'wf/ Nofpg ;xof]u ug]{, ;d'bfodf cflTds
tyf g}lts lzIffdfkm{t ;dflhs ;befj
clea[l4 ug]{ h:tf sfo{x?nfO{ klg ;+:yfn]
lg/Gt/tf lbO/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L dfgj a]rlavg
lgoGq0fsf nflu cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu
;xsfo{, ;dGjo / k}/jL ug]{ h:tf sfo{x?nfO{
klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] pRr k|fyldstfdf
/fv]sf] 5 .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ^ j6f lhNnfx¿Dff zfvf
sfo{fnox¿ lj:tf/ u/L !% j6f lhNnfx?df
s]=cfO{= g]kfn÷k[i7e"ldM
lqmoflzn eO{ dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 ljleGg
cleofgx? ;+rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 .
;'/lIft cfjf; u[x ;+rfng u/L a]rlavgaf6
kLl8t tyf k|efljtx?nfO{ k"g{M:yfkgf tyf
k"g{PsLs/0fsf] sfo{qmdx? klg cleofgsf]
?kdf ;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . o;}qmddf s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] cfGtl/s ?kdf laz]if u/L 8fG;af/,
Soflag /]i6'/]i6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf
If]qx?df bf;Tjk'0f{ hLjg latfO/x]sf dlxnf
tyf aflnsfx?sf] p4f/, k"gM:yf{kgf /
pgLx?sf] j}slNks lzIff / Ifdtfsf] klxrfg
u/L j}slNks k]zf, Joj;fodf nufpg k|f]T;fxg
u/fpg] p2]Zon] …gofF hLjgÚ sfo{qmd klg hf/L
/fv]sf] 5 . ljz]if u/L !* jif{ eGbf d'lgsf
aflnsfx?nfO{ 8fG;af/, Soflag /]i6'/]06, d;fh
kfn{/, e§Lk;n, xf]6n, 3/]n' >lds, un}rf
dhb'/, O66f e66f h:tf hf]lvdk"0f{ If]qaf6
p4f/ u/L cfTdlge{/ agfpg] ;fy} ahf/df
;lhn};Fu lgof{t x'g] l;k / /f]huf/Lsf] vf]h
u/L pQm /f]huf/L / ;Lksf] ;[hgf ug]{ nufotsf
of]hgf /x]sf] 5 .
kbdk'/–lrtjg, a]lgdlgk'/–gjnk/f;L, b]jbx–
?kGb]xL, / a'¢afl6sf–slknj:t'df ;+:yfn]
r]nL kl/of]hgf ;+rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . kl/of]hgf
cGtu{t $^ r]nL ;d"x :yfkgf ul/Psf 5g eg]
! xhf/ # ;o (% r]nLx? cfj4 ePsf 5g .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] g]kfn ef/tsf d'Vo d'Vo
gfsfx? df]/ª, k;f{, lrtjg, ?kGb]xL, slknj:t'
/ afFs]df ;"rgf tyf k/fdz{ s]Gb| ;+rfng u/]sf]
5 . k}bn, ;fOsn, l/S;f tyf cGo dfWodaf6
ef/ttkm{ hfg] ofqLx?nfO{ ;'/lIft :yfgfGt/0f
ug]{ Pj+ dfgj a]rlavg, Pr= cfO{= le= P8;
nufotsf of}ghGo /f]ux?sf laifodf ;"rgf
tyf k/fdz{ ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;+rfng u/]sf ;[hgfTds,
;Lkd'ns / cfod'ns sfd lgs} kmnbfoL
b]lvPsf 5g . vf;u/L dlxnfx?nfO{ nlIft
u/L ;+rfng ul/Psf l;nfO{s6fO{, sk8fdf
a'§f eg]{, ;xsf/L ;+:yf :yfkgf nufotsf
sfd pbfx/0fLo ag]sf 5g . o:tf sfdn]
dlxnfx?sf] cfTdljZjf; a9g], pgLx?sf]
cfly{s cj:yfdf ;'wf/ cfpg] / unt JolQmsf]
axsfpdf gnfUg] aGg ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5 . ;Lk
l;s]/ cfo cfh{g ;lhnf] ePkl5 b]x Jofkf/
h:tf] lgs[i6 sfd Tofu]/ ;fdfGo kfl/jfl/s
hLjg latfpg pgLx? ;Ifd ePsf y'k|}
pbfx/0f 5g . ?kGb]xLsf] v}/]gLdf ;+rflnt
r]nL s[ifL ;xsf/L ;+:yfn] ;+:yfsf
;b:o;lxt :yfgLo dlxnfx?sf] ;dflhs
tyf cfly{s pGgtLdf 7"nf] d2t k'¥ofPsf]
5 .
r]nL s[ifL ;xsf/L h:t} ?kGb]xL / cGo
lhNnfdf klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] kxndf
;xsf/L ;+:yf ;+rfng ul/Psf 5g . tL
;a}n] ;d:ofdf k/]sf dlxnfx?sf] :t/
pGgtLdf s]lGb|t eP/ sfd ul//x]sf
5g . o:tf ;xsf/Laf6 ;j{;'ne d"Nodf
C0f lnO{ pgLx?n] t/sf/L v]tL, l;nfO{
a'gfO{, xft]s8fO{ nufotsf sfd ul/x]sf
5g . o:t}, lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df s]= cfO{=
g]kfnåf/f ;+rflnt ljleGg ;Lkd'ns tyf
cfod'ns tflndn] cfkm"x?sf] Ifdtf
clej[l4 x'g'sf ;fy} ;dflhs / cfly{s
;'b[9Ls/0fdf ;d]t d2t k'u]sf] 5 .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df
k"g{M:yfkgf s]Gb| ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 . s]Gb|df
/x]sf r]nLx?sf] ?rL / Ifdtf cg';f/
l;nfO{ a'gfO{, Jo'6Lkfn{g/, xft]s8fO{ h:tf
cfod'ns ;Lk k|bfg ul//x]sf] 5 . o:t},
a]rlavg / lx+;f k|efljt dlxnfx?nfO{
nlIft u/]/ nlntk'/df cfjf;Lo ;Lk ljsf;
tflnd s]Gb| ;+rfng ul/Psf 5g . s]]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t sfo{qmd dfkm{t
;d:ofs]f ;|f]tdf g} xn ug]{ sf]lz; ul//x]sf]
5 . lszf]/L tyf gf/L ;d"x u7g, r]tgf
clej[l4, ;d'bfosf cTofjZos ;'ljwf
h:t} :jf:Yo, vfg]kfgL, zf}rfno lgdf{0f,
cfo cfh{gdf a[l4 x'g] sfo{qmd ;+rfng
ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . dlxnfx?nfO{ ;Ddflgt
hLjg lhpg ;Ifd agfpg] p2]Zon] s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{qmdx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf
lbg] / eljiodf yk ;|f]t ;fwg h'6fO{ cem
lj:tf/ ug]{ nIo lnPsf] 5 .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
n}lËs lx+;f / dfgj a]rlavg
/f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f ug{ kxn
ug]{, dfgj a]rlavgaf6 k|efljt
tyf a]rlavgsf] ;Defjgfdf /x]sf
r]nLx?nfO{ p2f/ u/L, k/fdz{
lbg] sfd ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 .
4 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
5jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
lsg 5'65g bf]ifL <
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
s];/ ljZjsdf{
lhNnf ;+of]hs -s[i0fgu/, slknj:t'_
5jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
gful/sn] /fHonfO{ s/ lsg lt5{
< /fHon] lgwf{/0f u/]sf gLlt
lgodsf] kl/wLdf cfd gful/sx?
lsg afFlwG5g < lsg /fHon] lgb{]z u/]sf
d'Nox?nfO{ cfd gful/sn] cIf/; kfngf
ug'{k5{ < lo k|Zgx?sf] ;/n pQ/ 5, /fHo
cfd gful/ssf] ;+/Ifs xf] . /fHon] cfd
gful/ssf] ;'v, ;'ljwf / Gofosf nflu
cfkm"nfO{ ;dlk{t u/]sf] x'G5 . t/, /fHo ;+oGq
g} gful/sk|lt lhDd]jf/ ePg eg] s] x'G5 <
gful/snfO{ Gofosf] k|Tofe"lt u/fpg] /fHon]
g} cGofo u¥of] eg] s] x'G5 < ;'/Iff lbg' kg{]
/fHon] g} c;'/Iffsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf u/fof]
eg] s] x'G5 < o;sf] pQ/ eg] TotL ;xh
5}g . /fHok|lt l;lh{t gful/ssf] ljt[i0ffn]
s:tf] cj:yf lgdf{0f x'G5 < /fHok|ltsf]
cljZjf;n] lgDTofpg] kl/0ffdx? s:tf
x'G5g < o;} eGg ;lsGg .
d $ jif{b]lv dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf]
cleofgfsf ;lqmotf k"j{s lqmofzLn 5' .
s]= cfO{= g]kfn dfkm{t dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/ lj?4sf] cleofgdf ;xefuL x'Fbf
ljleGg ljlrq nfUbf 36gfsf] ;fIfL ePsf] 5'
eg] cg]sf} si6k"0f{ cg'ejnfO{ cg'e"t ug{
kfPsf] 5' .
dfgj a]rlavg cGt/f{li6«o If]qs} r'gf}tL xf] .
dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 l;ªuf] ljZj g} df]rf{j4
5 . o;n] s] :ki6 kf5{ eg] dfgj a]rlavgsf]
cfofd / cfotg klg lgs} km/flsnf] 5 . t;y{
dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 lqmofzLn x'g' cfkm}+df
hf]lvdk"0f{ sfo{ xf] . dfgj a]rlavg lj?4
lqmofzLn eO/xbf slxn]sfFxL hLpHofgs}
hf]lvd df]Ng' kg{] x'G5 . s7f]/ ;+3if{ /
hf]lvd df]Nb} ck/fwLnfO{ sfg"gsf] s73/f;Dd
k'¥ofpg ;lsG5 . 7"nf] oTg, d]xgt / k|of;af6
sfg'gsf] xftdf k'u]sf] ck/fwLnfO{ ;DalGwt
lgsfon] plrt sf/jfxL gul/lbFbf lg/f; klg
aGg' kbf{] /x]5 . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;b:osf]
?kdf sfd ubf{ d}n] o:t} Pp6f 36gfsf] ;fIfL
a:g' k¥of] . !% jif{] aflnsfnfO{ ef/tLo
j]Zofno;Dd k'¥ofpg] ck/fwLnfO{ xfdLn] 7"nf]
k|of; u/]/ sfg'gsf] s73/fdf k'¥ofof}+ . TotL
dfq xf]Og ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t / kLl8tnfO{
Gofo lbnfpg Gofono;Dd k'Uof}+ / o;aLrdf
cfjZos kg{] ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL pkrf/sf ljwL
/ k|lqmofdf ;fd]n eof}+ . t/, cbfntaf6
Gofof]lrt lg0f{o x'g g;s]sf] dx;'; ug{
xfdL afWo eof}+ . o;sf] cy{ d}n] ;Ddflgt
cbfnttkm{ cljZjf; jf c;bf;fotf /fVg
vf]h]sf] xf]Og . t/, cfFv} cufl8 cfkm"n]
b]v]sf] / ef]u]sf] cGofo lj?4 cbfntn] plrt
lg0f{o gul/lbFbf kLl8tn] s;/L Gofo kfp5g
eGg] z+sf nfu]sf] xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhdf k|rlnt
pvfg 7"nfnfO{ r}g / ;fgfnfO{ P]gaf6 xfd|f]
Gofono cem} d'Qm x'g g;s]sf] xf] ls eGg]
cfefif ePsf] xf] .
of] rf/ jif{] ofqfsf qmddf xfdL;Fu s]xL ;'vb
cg'ejx? klg gePsf xf]Ogg . la/f6gu/
emfkf / slknj:t' lhNnfsf * j6f s];x?nfO{
g]kfn k|x/Lsf] ;xfotfdf ;Ddflgt cbfnt;Dd
k'¥ofof}+ . dfgj a]rlavgdf ;+nUg cleo'Qmx?
cl:ag a?jfn, pd]z rf}w/L, ;Demgf a];x/f,
l/tf ltjf/L, lutf cf]emf, O{dfg x';]g, ld/f
tfdfË, c?0ff yfkf, ;Ldf du/, o'j/fh a'/fufO{
/ cg'k u'?Ë nufotnfO{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/ P]g @)^$ cGtu{t d'2f btf{ ug{
;kmn eof}+ . clwsf+; cleo'Qmx?n] sfg'gL
b08 ;d]t kfP . t/ emfkf lhNnfdf xfdLn] btf{
u/fPsf] d'2fsf] km};nfn] eg] lgs} g} ddf{xt
agfPsf] 5 .
b'O{ jif{ cufl8 Ps !% jifL{o aflnsfnfO{ lutf
cf]emf / l/tf ltjf/Ln] nnfO{ kmsfO{ lbNnLsf]
j]Zofno ;Dd k'¥ofP . ljZjf; / e/f];fsf
sf/0f lbNnLdf a]lrg afWo aflnsfn] em08}
8]9 jif{ lbNnLdf gf/sLo hLjg ef]Ug afWo
eOg . afnclwsf/nfO{ pkef]u ug{ kfpg]
pd]/df of}g plTk8g lx+;f em]Ng afWo x'g'
cfkm}+df sxfnL nfUbf] cj:yf lyof] . s7f]/
cdfgjLo b}lgsL u'hfb{} u/]sL aflnsf 7"nf]
;+3if{ kZrft lbNnLsf] j]Zofnoaf6 pDsg
;kmn eOg . uf]8fdf rKkn ;d]t gnufPsf]
cj:yfdf pgL g]kfn cfOk'lug . g]kfn cfg]
qmddf pgL s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;Dks{df cfOg /
;+/If0f kfOg . pgsf] zf/Ll/s dfq xf]Og dfgl;s
cj:yf klg lgs} hl6n lyof] . s]= cfO{=
g]kfnsf] ;+/If0fdf pgsf] zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s
pkrf/ ul/of] . lj:tf/} ;fdfGo hLjgtkm{ cu|;/
x'Fb} uPkl5 pgn] k'g{MhLjgsf] dx;'; ug{
yflng . lbNnLdf cfkm"n] ef]u]sf oftgfnfO{
lal;{P/ pgL gofF hLjgtkm{ cfzfjfbL x'Fb}
uOg . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;+/If0fdf cfkm"nfO{
k"0f{ :j:Yo dx;'; u/]kl5 pgn] 3/ hfGg] O{R5f
/flvg / cleefjsnfO{ lhDdf nufP/ xfdLn]
3/ k7fof}+ .
cfkm"nfO{ lbNnL;Dd k'¥ofP/ gf/sLo hLjg
lhpg afWo kfg{] ck/fwLx?nfO{ sfg'gL
s73/f;Ddk'¥ofpg];+sNkpgn]lnO5g.h;sf]
va/ xfdLnfO{ k|fKt eof] / kl/jf/n] cfjZos
;xof]usf] nflu cfu|x u¥of] . cflv/ xfdLx?
dfgj a]rlavg cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f tyf
Go"gLs/0f s} nflu lqmofzLn lyof}+ . To;dfly
Ps !% jifL{of aflnsfn] cfkm" dfly ePsf]
cGofo lj?4 n8g ;xof]usf] ck]Iff u/]kl5
xfdLn] ;xof]u gug{] s'/} lyPg . ;f]xL cg'?k
s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] ;xof]u ug{] / To;sf
nflu cfpg ;Sg] ;a}vfn] r'gf}ltsf] ;fdfg
ug]{ lg0f{o u¥of] . tTsfnLg cj:yfdf d
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] lj/f6gu/ zfvfdf sfo{/t
lyPF . kL8snfO{ ;dfTgsf nflu kLl8t kl/jf/,
s]=cfO{=g]kfn/k|x/Lk|zf;gtLgkIfa;]/Pp6f
of]hgf agfof}+ . of]hgf cg'?k kLl8t aflnsfn]
cfkm"nfO{ lbNnL k'¥ofpg] dlxnfnfO{ cfkm"
km]l/ ef/t hfg rfx]sf] va/ ul/g . dlxnfn]
aflnsfnfO{ sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ af]nfOg .
of]hgf cg'?k kLl8t aflnsf cfkmgL km"k'nfO{
lnP/ sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ k'lug . kL8snfO{
;dfTgsf nflu % hgf k|x/Lx? l;len 8«];df
kl/rflnt eP eg] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] l6d klg
sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ k'Uof] . dlxnf af]nfPsf]
;dodf a;kfs{df cfOgg . sl/j tLg
306f;Dd slxn] s'g7fpFdf t slxn] s'g 7fpFdf
/x]sf] eg]/ 9fF6L /lxg . cGTodf aflnsfn] cfkm"
dfq a;kfs{df cfPsf] / gcfpg] eP cfkm"
kms{g nfu]sf] atfPkl5 lgh dlxnf /flt !)
ah] sfFs/le§f a;kfs{df cfO{ k'lug . k|x/Ln]
pgnfO{ tTsfn lgoGq0fdf lnof] . kqmfp k/]sL
dlxnf / kLl8tsf] aofgsf] cfwf/df k|x/Ln]
!% lbgkl5 bds lgjf;L lutf cf]emfnfO{ klg
kqmfp u¥of] / O{nfsf k|x/L sfo{no bdsaf6
sfg"gL k|lqmof ;'? eof] .
cbfntn] kLl8t aflnsf;Fu klg aofg
lnof] . aflnsfn] cfkm"n] ef]u]sf ;Dk"0f{
36gfx? ;Ddflgt cbfnt ;fd' atfOg . pgn]
cfkm"n] ef]u]sf oftgfx? atfpFbf cbfntdf
pkl:yt ;j} hgf efj's ePsf lyP . t/ b'ef{Uo
cbfntn] kqmfp k/]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ lgbf]{if
7x/ u/L ;kmfO{ lbof] . :jefljs xf] cbfntdf
btf{ ePsf ;a} d'2fx?df ;f]r] h:tf] kl/0ffd
cfpFb}gg . t/, xfdLn] ;Ddflgt cbftnaf6
o:tf] lg0f{osf] ck]Iff u/]sf lyPgf}+ . cflv/
Gofo, Gofofnon] g} lbg] xf] . h; cGtu{t
pQm d'4f k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf nluPsf] 5 /
Gofofnoaf6 Gofo kfpg] cfzf cem} hLljt
5 . cfzf u/f}+ !% jif{] cjf]w aflnsfnfO{
a]Rg] cleo'Qmx? sfg"gL s73/fdf k'Ug]5g /
aflnsfn] Gofo kfpg]l5g .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
6 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
slknj:t'df s]=cfO{= g]kfn
:yfkgfsf] jif{df g} s]= cfO{= g]kfnn]
slknj:t' lhNnfl:yt s[i0fgu/df zfvf
sfof{no :yfkgf u/]sf] xf] . slknj:t'
lhNnfdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ug'{sf
k5fl8 g]kfn tyf ef/tsf] ;Ldf gfsf x'g' /
ljleGg tYofs+x?n] n}lËs lx+;f slknj:t'
lhNnfdf pRr b]vfpg' h:tf sf/0fx? lyP .
lsgls s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj cf];f/k;f/ tyf
a]rlavg lgoGq0f / Go'gLs/0fsf nflu
lqmofzLn ;+:yf xf] . d"ntM g]kfndf dlxnf
/ afnaflnsfx? a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ x'Fb}
cfPsf] ;Gbe{df slknj:t' lhNnfdf zfvf
sfof{no :yfkgf ug{ ;lsof] eg] a]rlavg
Go'gLs/0fdf 7"nf] ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;lsG5
eGg] ljZjf; lyof] . ;f]xL cg'?k ;Ldf gfsf
lgu/fgL / r]nLx?;Fu ;DalGwt hgr]tgf
sfo{qmd …;]km xf]d lqmofsnfkÚ, …k/fdz{ tyf
p2f/ sfo{qmdÚ, …;Lk tyf cfod"ns sfo{qmdÚ,
…lzIff sfo{qmdÚ, …dlxnfsf nflu jsfntÚ
h:tf sfo{qmdx? o; zfvf sfof{noaf6
;~rfng eO/x]sf 5g . s[i0fgu/ zfvfsf]
;g @)!% sf] tYofs+nfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] ljleGg
dxTjk"0f{ sfo{x? ePsf 5g . ;g @)!% df
# xhf/ * ;o r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ ;]jf k|bfg
ul/Psf] 5 eg] ljleGg sf/0faf6 ;Ldfgfsf;Dd
cfPsf jf 3/]n' lx+;fsf] lzsf/ ePsf %@ hgf
r]nLx?nfO{ 3/ kmsf{OPsf] 5 eg] hf]lvddf
/x]sf #^ r]nLx?nfO{ k|x/Lsf] lhDdf nufOPsf]
5 . csf]{tkm{ ;+/If0f cfjZos /x]sf ;ft
hgf r]nLx? k|x/Ldfkm{t ;+:yf;Dd cfPsf
5g . To;}u/L ^ hgf r]nLx?nfO{ …;]km xf]dÚ
sfo{qmd cGtu{t ;]km xf]ddf k7fOPsf] 5 eg]
dfgj a]rlavg ;DaGwL # j6f 36gfnfO{
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofPsf]
5 . :yfgLo:t/df ;dGjo a}7s, ;Ldfkf/L
ef/tLo ;'/Iff lgsfo / ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yf;Fu
;dGjofTds sfo{ nufotsf sfo{x? s]=cfO{=
g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfaf6 x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"gLs/0f s'g} Ps
;+:yfsf] k|oTgaf6 dfq ;Dej x'g] ljifo xf]Og .
o;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] PsLs[t
k|of; ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;tkm{ klg s]=cfO{= g]kfn
slknj:t' zfvfn] oy]i7 Wofg k'¥ofPsf] 5 .
;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] aLrdf cfjZos ;dGjo /
;Dks{nfO{ plQs} Wofg lbPsf] 5 eg] ;~rf/,
;fdflhs ;+3 ;+:yfx? / gful/s ;dfh;Fusf]
;xsfo{nfO{ tLj|tf lbO/x]sf] 5 .
r'gf}tLx? M
s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] dfgj
a]rlavg Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf] ;jfndf
ljz]ifu/L l;df lgu/fgLnfO{ pRr dxTj lb+b}
cfPsf] 5 . t/, ablnbf] ;do / ;"rgfk|ljlwsf]
a9bf] kx'Frsf sf/0f dfgj a]rlavg;Fu
;DalGwt bnfnx?n] ckgfpg] gofFgofF
tf}/tl/sfsf sf/0f ;Ldf gfsf lgu/fgLdf yk
r'gf}tLx? ylkO/x]sf 5g . csf]{tkm{ ;Lldt
;|f]t / ;fwgsf] aLrdf a]rlavgdf /x]sf
;f+u7lgs lu/f]xx?;Fu k|lt/f]w ug'{ klg ;+:yfsf
nflu r'gf}tL eO/x]sf] 5 . lxhf]cfh a'6jn
/ kf]v/faf6 /fqL a;x? l;w} lbNnL hfG5g .
a'6jn / kf]v/faf6 cfPsf pQm a;x? (M#)
ah] s[i0fgu/ cfOk'U5g . /ftLsf] ;dodf
r]shfFr ug{ lgs} ckm7]/f] x'g] u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L
v'Nnf gfsf w]/} ePsfn] …se/]h Pl/ofÚ 7"nf]
x'g' t/ hgzlQm sd x'g'sf] sf/0fn] klg ;d:of
k}bf eO{/x]sf 5g . a]nfa]nfdf x'g] aGbx8tfn
h:tf sfo{x?n] klg sfdnfO{ tLj|tf lbg sl7g
eO/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ larf}lnofx?sf] k|efjdf
k/]/ :jo+ cfdfa'afx? g} 5f]/LnfO{ 5'6fpg
af]8{/;Dd cfpg] u/]sf 36gfx?df a9f]Q/L x'g'n]
ubf{ larf}lnof jf bnfnx?nfO{ klxNofpg
d'l:sn eO/x]sf] 5 .
oL/o:tfr'gf}tLx?sfaLrdfklgs]=cfO{=g]kfn
slknj:t' zfvfn] ljleGg sfo{qmdx?nfO{
cufl8a9fO/x]sf]5.ljif]zu/Ldlxnf;d"xx?df
k'u]/ dfgj a]rlavgsf ljifodf ;r]tgfd"ns
sfo{qmdx? ul/b} cfPsf 5g eg] dlxnfx?sf]
cfocfh{g j[l4sf nflu ljleGg tflndx?
klg lbg] ul/G5 . ;'/Iff lgsfox?;Fu ldn]/
;Ldf gfsfdf ul/g] df]jfOn 8o'6L, anfTsf/
tyf n}lËs lx+;f Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf
nflu lhNnf:t/Lo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf aLrdf
sfo{zfnf, ;Ldfkf/L ef/tLo ;+3 ;+:yf tyf
;'/Iff lgsfox?n] u/]sf dfgj clwsf/ jf
dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt sfo{qmdx?df
;xeflutf gu/kflnsf tyf j8fx?df dfgj
a]rlavg lj?4sf sld6Lx? u7g nufotsf
sfo{x?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn]
lqmofzLntf b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf]
slknj:t' zfvfsf] ;lqmotfdf btf{ ePsf]
dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt d'2fx?df cleo'Qm
rGb|axfb'/ lh;LnfO{ @)&@ ;fn c;f/ # ut]
!% jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5 eg] sltko
;"rgf / tYox? k|x/L;Dd k'¥ofP/ ck/fwLx?sf]
vf]hLsfo{ ;d]t x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
cGt/f{li6«o gf/L lbj; xf]; jf dlxnf
clwsf/;Fu ;DalGwt jsfntsf ;Gbe{x?
x'g oL / o:tf ljifox?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn
slknj:t' zfvfn] cfkm"nfO{ ;s];Dd ;zQm
?kdf pEofpFb} cfPsf] 5 . @)&@ ;fn j}zfvdf
uPsf] ljgfzsf/L e"sDksf sf/0f l;lh{t
eofjx cj:yfdf slknj:t' zfvfn] /fxt
;fdfu|Lx?sf] ;+snt ;Fu;Fu} ljt/0f / p2f/
sfo{df klg ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu xft]dfnf] u/]sf]
lyof] . ;Ldfkf/L P;P;jLn] u/]sf] ljgfzsf/L
e"sDk kLl8tx?sf nflu /fxt ;+sng sfo{
xf]; jf ;z:q k|x/L an SofDkn] u/]sf] /fxt
;+sng sfo{ xf]; jf :jt:km"t{ ?kdf :jo+
;+:yf / ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] u/]sf] /fxt /
p4f/;Fu ;DalGwt sfo{ g} lsg gxf]; s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] cfkm"n] EofP;Dd pkl:ylt hgfpFb}
cfPsf] 5 .
dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go'gLs/0fsf]
d'2fnfO{ ;dfhsf] tNnf] tx;Dd k'¥ofpg]
clek|fon] s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn]
gjf}+ dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] lbj;sf] ;Gbe{
kf/]/ tLh uLt k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf u/]sf] lyof] .
a'4afl6sf gu/kflnsfsf] l6Ss/df cfof]lht
sfo{qmddf ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf]
pkl:ylt lyof] eg] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] u7g
u/]sf] !$ j6f r]nL ;d"x?dWo] !) j6f r]nL
;d"xx?n] efu lnPsf lyP .
cEof; / lqmofzLntfsf aLraf6 g} cg'ejx?
g} lgdf{0f x'G5g . k|fKt cg'ejx?nfO{ 6]s]/ g} yk
gofF pknlAwx? xfl;n x'g] x'g . s'g} klg sfo{
r'gf}tL ljxLg x'Fb}g / s'g} klg sfo{sf] clGtd
k"0f{tf x'Fb}g . s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn]
u/]sf sfo{x? klg k|of]u, l;sfO{ / cg'ejaf6
u'lh|/x]sf 5g . t/, dfgj a]rlavg h:tf]
h3Go ck/fwnfO{ h/}b]lv pv]n]/ kmfNg] ;+sNk
;lxt s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] slknj:t' zfvf ;b}j
lqmofzLn /xg]5 .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
6 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
7jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
cfTdflge{/ aGb} r]nLx?
Psflaxfg} p7of] . s]xL af;L vfg]s'/f
5 eg] vfof] . obL 5}g eg] gfDnf] /
xFl;of af]s]/ jglt/ lx8of] . jgaf6
cfPkl5 klg vfgf vfg] lalQs} v]tdf sfd
ug{ lxl8xfNof] . ;Fw} oxL tflnsfdf afFs] l:yt
kmQ]k'/sf rf}w/L r]nLx?sf] b}lgsL laTb} lyof] .
t/, clxn] kmQ]k'/sf s]xL rf}w/L r]nLx?sf]
b}lgsL eg] k"/} ablnPsf] 5 . of] b}lgsL abNg
;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5, kmQ]k'/d} ;+rfng ul/Psf]
;+o'Qm l;nfO{s6fO{ Joj;fon] .
of] b}lgsL kl/jt{gsf k5fl8 Pp6f dxTjk"0f{
;+of]u lhDd]jf/ 5 . h;n] b}lgs 3fF;—bfp/f
/ s[ifL sd{df Jo:t x'g] r]nLx?nfO{ ;+o'Qm
Joj;foL aGg clek|]l/t u¥of] .
cf};t ?kdf cGo ;d'bfo eGbf rf}w/L -yf?_
;d'bfosf] kl/jf/ 7"nf] x'G5 . ;+uf]n d} a:g]
k/Dk/fsf sf/0f Pp6f kl/jf/df @) b]lv
$)÷%) hgf ;Dd ;b:ox? x'G5g . 7"nf]
kl/jf/ ;ªVofsf sf/0f dlxnfx?n] 3/fo;L
sfdaf6 km';{b kfpFb}gg . csf{]tkm{ cfkmgf] hUuf
hldg sd ePsf kl/jf/sf dlxnf ;b:ox?
c?sf] hldgdf a§}of jf >d ug{ ;d]t hfg'
k5{ . lo / o:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ rf}w/L
;d'bfosf 5f]/L r]nLx?n] :s'n] k9fO{ k"/f ug{
kfpFb}gg . lszf]/L pd]/af6} sfdsfhdf Jo:t
x'g'k5{ .
kmQ]k'/s} !^ jif{sL ;/ud, !% jif{sL ;fljqL
/ !% jif{ s} lg:df ldNg] ;fyLx? x'g .
pgLx?sf] of] pd]/ k9g] pd]/ xf] . t/, pgLx?n]
ljBfnosf] k9fO{ 5fl8;s]sf 5g . pgLx?n]
d'l:snn] % b]lv & sIff;Dd ljBfno b]v]sf
5g . 3/fo;L sfdsfh g} pgLx?sf] b}lgsL
alg/x]sf] 5 .
pd]/ k|bQ :jefj cg';f/ lh1f;f, ;'vsf]
vf]h / ;'ljwfo'Qm lhjgofkgsf] cfz ;/ud,
;fljqL / lg:dfdf klg 5 . b}lgs s[ifL sd{;Fu
hf]l8P/ Jo:t aGg'kbf{ st} uP/ hflu/ vfg]
/ k};f sdfpg] sNkgf / of]hgf klg pgLx?
agfpg] u5{g .
;/udsf legfh' /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf
ef/tlt/ a:g] u5{g . ef/tdf hflu/ vfg]
legfh';Fu} hfg kfP cfkm"x?n] klg hflu/
vfg] / ;'vL lhGbuL latfpg kfOg] eGb} ;/ud
nufot ;fjqL / lg:dfn] cfkm"x?nfO{ klg
ef/t n}hfg k6sk6s cfu|x ub{} cfPsf
lyP . t/, legfh'n] pgLx?sf] cfu|xnfO{ w]/}
k6s OGsf/ u/] . Psk6s legfh' 3/ cfPsf]
a]nfdf ;/udn] ef/t n}hfg lh4L ul/g .
w]/} k6s ef/t hfg] O{R5f u/]sf ;fnLx?nfO{
o;k6s eg] legfh' ef/t n}hfg ;xdt
eP . legfh';Fu} ;/ud, ;fljqL / lg:df ef/t
hfg eg]/ kmQ]k'/af6 uf8L r9] / g]kfnu~h
cfOk'u] . g]kfnu~haf6 ef/t hfgsf] nflu
;kmntfsf] syf
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 7jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
hd'gxf gfsftkm{ l/S;fdf hfFb} ubf{ rf/}
hgfnfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;Ldf lgu/fgL
ul//x]sf sd{rf/Lx?n] ;f]wk'5 u/] . tLg hgf
lszf]/Lx?;Fu Ps hgf o'js ef/ttkm{ hfg
nfu]sf] e]6]kl5 ;Ldf lgu/fgLsf cfj4
sd{rf/Lx?n] ;f]wk'5 ug'{ :jefljs lyof] .
legfh'n] s'g} em'6 af]n]gg, ePsf] ;xL ;To
a]lnla:tf/ nufP . a? tLg hgf r]nLx?n] eg]
9fF6g] k|of; u/] . pgLx?n] cfkm"x? lsgd]nsf
nflu ef/tLo ahf/ hfg nfu]sf] atfP . oyfy{
s'/f a'em]kl5 tLg} hgfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ vj/
ul/of] . kl/jf/n] pgLx?nfO{ ef/t hfgaf6
/f]Sg cfu|x u¥of] / cfkm"x? hlt;Sbf] l56f]
;Ldf gfsf;Dd cfO{ k'Ug] atfP . legfh'n] klg
tLg} hgfnfO{ kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufP/ dfq
cfkm" ef/t hfg] atfP . ;fnLx?sf] lh4Lsf
sf/0f afWo eP/ cfkm"n] ef/t lnP/ lxF8]sf]
eP klg cfkm"af6 uNtL ePsf] l:jsf/] .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] tLg} hgf
r]nLx?;Fusf] s'/fsfgLsf qmddf pgLx?
ul/jL / b}lgssf] s7f]/ >dsf sf/0f lbSs
ePsf] lgSof{]n lgsfn] . obL /f]huf/L jf cfo
cfh{gsf] s'g} Joj:yf ldnfO{ lbg] xf] eg] pgLx?
s]xL ug{ ;S5g eGg] cg'dfg ul/of] . tLg}
hgfn] hxfF h] u/] klg cfkm'x?;Fu;Fu} /xg' kg{]
;t{ /fv] . r]nLx?sf] kl/jf/sf ;b:ox? klg
cfOk'u]kl5 pgLx?sf] Joj:yfkgsf ljifodf
Jofks 5nkmn eof] . 5f]/Lx?sf] cNnf/]kgn]
cfkm"x? cflht ePsf] kl/jf/sf] egfO{ lyof] .
csf{]tkm{ 5f]/Lx?sf] /x/ / O{R5fx?nfO{ cfkm"n]
k"/f ug{ g;s]sf]df kl/jf/n] kL8f klg dx;';
ul//x]sf] lyof] . ;/udsf] a'jfn] cfkmg} HjfO{
x'g' / s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] lgu/fgL ul/lbg' h:tf
sf/0fn] ubf{ 5f]/Lx? e]§fPsf] atfpFb} …obL
5f]/Lx? bnfnsf] xftdf k/]sf] eP cfkm"x?n]
5f]/Lx?nfO{ e]6g klg kfpFb}gYof}+Ú eGb} uxe/L
cfF;' kf/] .
…5f]/Lx?nfO{ s'g} cfo cfh{g d"ns ;Lk
l;sfpg] t <Ú eg]/ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] tkm{af6
kl/jf/nfO{ k|:tfj ubf{ kl/jf/ ;sf/fTds
b]lvof].To;kl5tLghgfr]nLx?;Fuklgcf;o
a'lemof] . tLg} hgf ;Lk l;s]/ cfkmgf] v'§fdf
pleg /fhL eP . tTkZrft s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf
sd{rf/Lx?n] ;+:yfsf] lgod / ;+:yfn] l;sfpg]
;Lk d'ns / cfo cfh{gd'vL tflndsf] ljifodf
k/fdz{ lbOof] . kl/jf/sf] ;xdltdf s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn]] a'6jn l:yt l;kljsf; s]Gb|df ^
dlxgfsf] l;nfO{–s6fO{ nufot lhjgf]kof]uL
l;kd"ns tflndsf nflu r]nLx?nfO{ k7fOof] .
z'? z'?df t pgLx?nfO{ ;+:yfsf] lgoddf
a:b} / tflnddf lqmofzLn x'g lgs} s7Lg
h:tf] b]lvof] . t/ lj:tf/} pgLx?n] tflndk|lt
cle?rL b]vfpg yfn] . lg/Gt/sf] tflnd /
k/fdz{n] pgLx?sf] ;Lkdf lgvf/ cfpFb} uof] /
;xhtfsf ;fy ^ dlxg] tflnd ;DkGg u/] . TotL
dfq xf]Og tflndsf cflv/L lbg;Dd cfOk'Ubf
pgLx?n] cfkm"x?nfO{ gd"gfsf] ?kdf k|:t't u/] .
tflnd ;DkGg ePkl5 pgLx?df s]xL ug{
;lsG5 eGg] cfTdljZjf; / hfFu/ knfP/
cfof] . pgLx?n] ;+:yfn] k"jf{wf/ nufotsf
If]qdf ;xof]u ug{] xf] eg] cfkm"x?n] cfkmg}
ufpFdf ;+o'Qm l;nfO{ Joj;fo ug{] OR5f hfx]/
u/] .
pgLx?n] tflnddf k|bz{g u/]sf] ;Lk / ;fdYo{
tyf s]xL u5{' eGg] x'6x'6LnfO{ cfTd;ft ub{} s]=
cfO{= g]kfnn] pgLx?nfO{ cfjZos ;xof]u ug{]
lg0f{o u¥of] . csf{]tkm{ r~rn lszf]/Lx?df
lhDd]jf/L af]w / hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f ;d]t
a[4L x'Fb} uPsf] lyof] .
clxn] ;/ud, ;fljqL, / lg:dfn] kmQ]k'/df
;+o'St l;nfO{ Joj;fo ;+rfng ul//x]sf 5g .
pgLx?df cNnf/]kg ;f6f] lhDd]jf/L / sd{k|ltsf]
nufj b]lvG5 . Joj;foaf6 pgLx?n] cfkm"nfO{
cfjZos vr{sf] hf]xf] ug'{sf] ;Fu;Fu} kl/jf/nfO{
klg yf]/} ePklg cfly{s 6]jf k'¥ofO/x]sf 5g .
To;}u/L ;d'bfon] pgLx?nfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f ;d]t
Jofks kl/jt{g cfPsf] 5 .
8 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
;d'bfo:t/sf ultljlw
d]/f] gfd /ZdL ljZjsdf{ -gfd kl/jt{g_
xf] . d]/f] 3/ slknj:t'df k5{ . d
@) jif{sL eP . d]/f] kl/jf/ dWod
jlu{o kl/jf/ xf] . 3/df afaf, cfdf, b'O{ lbbL,
bfO, efO, alxgL / d u/L hDdf * hgf 5f}+ .
d]/f] jfNosfn s7f]/ cfly{s ;d:ofsf] ljr
u'lh|Psf] lyof] . lsgsL 3/df xfdL sf]xL klg
/f]huf/ lyPgf}+}+ . hUuf hldgsf] pTkfbgn]
xfdLnfO{ vfg k'Ub}gYof] .
afafcfdf dhb'/L ug'{x'GYof] . lgs} si6sf ;fy
afaf cfdfn] xfdLnfO{ x'sf{pg' eof] . cfly{s
cefjsf sf/0f d}n] kfFr sIff eGbf a9L
k9g ;lsg . k9g] OR5f x'Fbfx'Fb} :s'n 5f8g
afWo ePF . afafcfdfsf] b'vM / 3/sf] cfly{s
;d:ofsf sf/0f cfkm"n] klg sdfpg' k5{ eGg]
dxz'; x'g yfNof] .
d klg ufpF3/df dhb'/L ug{ yfn]+ . c+sn
ef/tdf sfd ug'{x'GYof] . kGw| jif{sL ePkl5
c+sn;Fu sdfpg] p2]Zon] ef/t uPF . Psb'O{
dlxgf c+sn;Fu ef/tdf a;]+ . s'g} sfd ul/g .
c+snn] dfof ug'{ x'GYof] t/ pxfFnfO{ af]em eP/
a:g cˆ7of/f] nfUYof] . sfdsf] vf]hLdf u/]+ .
Pp6f 3/df 3/fo;L sfd kfPF . Tof] 3/df >Ldfg
/ >LdtL dfq /x]5g . s]xL lbg t /fd|f] ug{' ef]
t/ kl5 w]/} ufx|f] ef] . :jtGq eP/ lx8]sL d sxfF
;lSb/x]5' / < pgLx?n] sfd u/]sf] tnj lbGy] .
t/ dnfO{ yf]/} klg :jtGqtf lbb}gy]+ . ;fx'gLn]
lbge/L sf]7fdf y'g]/ /flVyg . aflx/ lgSng
kfpFb}gy]+ . d}n] ToxfF a:bf dflg;sf] hLjgdf
:jtGqtfsf] d'No s] /x]5 eGg] yfxf kfPF . ;f/}
si6sf ;fy b'O{ jif{ sf6]+ / 3/ kmls{PF .
ljjfx u/]kl5 c;n >Ldfg kfpF5' / d]/f b'Mvsf
lbg ;lsG5g ls h:tf] nfUof] . kfl/jfl/s
;xdltdf d}n] ljjfx u/]+, t/ ;f]r] h:tf] ePg .
ufpF3/df ;'Gb} cfPsf] b'lvofnfO{ hxfF uP klg
b'Mvn] 5f8b}g eGg] d]/f] hLjgdf ;t k|ltzt
nfu" eof] . >Ldfg /S;Lsf cDdnL /x]5g . ;Fw}
emu8f ug{] / s]xL sfd klg gug{] pgsf] afgLn]
d lbSs ePF . kl5kl5 t pgn] dnfO{ s'6lk6 g}
ug{ yfn] . ljjfx u/]sf] b'O{jif{ kl5 3/df a:g
g;s]/ dfO{tLdf a:g yfn]+ .
dfO{tLdf klg pxL cfly{s ;d:of 5Fb} lyof] . km]l/
ef/t hfG5' eg]/ hfg nfUbf s[i0fgu/ gfsfdf
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf lbbLx?n] hfg lbg' ePg .
k/fdz{ lbg' eof] / dnfO{ l;k l;Sgsf] nfuL
a'6jn tflnd s]Gb|df Nofpg' eof] .
d}n] clxn] l;nfO{sf] ;Lk l;s]sL 5' . TotL
dfq xf]Og hLjgdf s]xL ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] cfTd
ljZjf; knfPsf] 5 . hLjgaf6 xf/ vfO{ ;s]sL
d s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f ablnPsf] 5' .
ha o; s]= cfO{= g]kfn a'6jn tfnLd s]Gb|df
dnfO{ Nofpg' eof] oxfF cfP/ w]/} ;Lk l;Sg
;kmn ePsL 5' cj cfkm' h:t} b'Mv kfPsf
lbbL alxgLx?nfO{ cfkm'n] hfg]sf] ;Lk ;Lsfpg]
of]hgf agfPsL 5' . dnfO{ k'/f ljZjf; 5 ca
d ;xh hLjg hLpg ;S5' .
hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6 km]l/of]
s]=cfO{=sf] tflnd kZrft cfTdlge{/ aGb} u/]sL r]nL
;+:yfåf/f ;~rflnt /]l8of] sfo{qmd…r]nL cfjfhÚsf]
nflu cGt{jftf{ lnO{b}
s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] gjnk/f;Lsf] ;lb{df vfg]kfgLsf] Joj:yf ub}{
;xsf/Ldf art kZrft ;xefuLx?
8 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
9jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
…lhGbuL of] km"n} km'n}sf] y'+uf x'b}g
kmqmg' / cf]Onfpg'sf] cy{ x'b}gÚ
pNn]lvt uLt clwsf+; dflg;sf]
hLjgdf d]n vfg ;S5, lsgls lhGbuL
;Fw} ;/n /]vfdf lxF8b}g . ljleGg
afËf]l6Ëf] df]8 / psfnL—cf]/fnLx?nfO{ kf/ ub{}
lhGbuLsf] ofqf cufl8 a95 . xfF;f], ;'v, /
v'zLx? :yfoL x'Fb}gg . afwf, kL8f, ;d:of /
b'Mvx? klg hLjgsf clgjfo{ ;xofqLx? x'g .
x/]s dflg;;Fu ;'v b'Mvsf cf—cfkmg} cfofd
/ cg'e"ltx? x'G5g . ;a} cf—cfkmgf v'zL /
b'Mvdf /dfPsf jf b'lvt ePsf x'G5g .
?kf -gfd kl/j{tg_ sf] hGd wflbË lhNnfdf
ePsf] xf] . b'u{d ufpFsf] lgDgdWod jlu{o
kl/jf/df ;fOFnL 5f]/Lsf] ?kdf hlGdPsL ?kfsf]
afNosfn ;fdfGo ?kdf g} laTof] . ufpFsf]
hLjgz}nLdf 3fF;, bfp/f, uf]7fnf] / d]nfkft
;fdfGo b}lgsL xf] . ?kfn] klg ufpFn] b}lgsL;Fu
cfkm"nfO{ cEo:t u/fpg} kYof{] / u/fOg
klg . d'l:snn] vfg nfpg k'Ug] u|fld0f kl/jf/sf]
cfjZostf, afWotf / ;+efJotfsf] aLrdf
?kfsf lbgx? u'lh|/x]sf lyP . si6, ;+3if{ /
;d:ofsf] aLrdf klg ufpFn] hLjg;Fu v'zL,
cfgGb / pd+ux? x'G5g . ;fyL;ËLx?;Fu
xfF;v]n, /fd/dfOnf] / pT;fxnfO{ klg ?kf
ef]Ub} lyOg . ?kf !% jif{sf] pd]/df kfOnf
rfNb} lyOg . ToxL lardf ;du| g]kfnnfO{ g}
xfon sfon agfpg] ljgfzsf/L e"sDk cfof] .
@)&@ ;fn j}zfv !@ ut] uPsf] sxfnL nfUbf]
e'sDkn] ?kfsf h:tf xhf/f}+ ufpFx?nfO{
tx;gx; agfof] . sltsf] cfkmGtx?nfO{ lgb{oL
e"sDkn] l5g]/ nUof] eg] k|fo ;Dk"0f{n] a:g]
af; u'dfP . ?kfsf] kl/jf/n] klg cf>osf]
s]Gb| 3/nfO{ u'dfof] . h'g 3/ lbge/sf] ysfg
e'nfpg] la;f}gL lyof], h'g 3/df bz}+ ltxf/
h:tf rf8kj{x? cfpFy], h'g 3/df ljleGg v'zL
/ /dfOnf] leqGYof] ToxL 3/ g} u'dfpg' k/]kl5
si6sf] ;fdfgf ug'{ c:jefljs lyPg .
?kfsf] kl/jf/ ;Fu;Fu} l;Ëf] ufpF g} v'Nnf
cfsfz d'lg a:g afWo eof] . slt lbg /
/ft ef]s ef]s} a:g' k¥of] . lsgls vfBfGgx?
elTsPsf] 3/n] k'l/Psf lyP . s]xL /ft v'Nnf
cfsfzd'lg u'hf/]kl5 ljleGg bftfx?n] NofPsf]
lqkfn / rfprfp ufpF;Dd cfOk'Uof] / l;Ëf] ufpF
nfu]g . /Ifs 7fg]/ lbbL legfh'sf] cf>o lng
uPsL ?kf cfkmg} legfh'af6 anfTs[t eOg .
cfkm" anfTs[t ePkl5 ?kf 3/af6 aflx/
lglSnOg . cfGbf]ngdf xf]ldPsf] lj/+uhdf
cfkm}+df cz'/lIft lyof] . csf{]tkm{ ?kfn]
lrg]hfg]sf sf]xL klg lyPgg . obL lbbLn]
cfkm"nfO{ ;+/If0f ul5{g eGg] ljZjf; ePsf] eP
pgn] 3/ 5f8g] lyPgg . legfh'n] cfkm"nfO{
cGofo ub{}5g eg]/ k6sk6s lbbLnfO{ eGbf
klg lbbLn] slxNo} dtnj gu/]sf sf/0f pgL
3/ 5f8g afWo eOg .
åGb, lx+;f / ;fdflhs c;Gt'ngsf] ;dodf
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/n] ltj|tf
lnG5 eGg] tYonfO{ dWogh/ ub{} s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] cfkmgf] lgu/fgL / ultljwLnfO{
ljz]if hf]8 lbPsf] lyof] . cfGbf]ngsf] /fkn]
tft]sf] lj/u+h l:yt 306f3/df Pp6f km/s /
eolet cg'xf/ b]v]/ s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] l6dsf]
Wofgfs[i6 eof] . cfGbf]ngdf dw]zL cg'xf/x?
dfq lyP . k|fo kxf8L cg'xf/x? b]lvFb}gy] .
kxf8L cg'xf/sL lszf]/L / To;df klg ;xf/f
ljxLg h:tf] b]lvPkl5 s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] pgL;Fu
;f]wk'5 u¥of] . z'? d} ?kfn] ;a} tYox? atfpg
t ;lsgg t/, pgsf] s'/faf6 pgL lx+;fdf k/]sf]
:ki6 a'lemof] . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Ln]
tTsfn k|x/LnfO{ va/ u/] / k|x/Ln] ?kfsf]
aofg lnof] . ?kfsf] aofgsf] cfwf/df ?kfsf]
legfh'nfO{ kqmfp ul/of] . ha/h:TfL s/0fLsf]
d'4fsf] cfwf/df cleo'QmnfO{ lx/f;tdf /fv]/
yk cg';Gwfg eO/x]sf] 5 . ?kfnfO{ eg] s]=
cfO{= g]kfnsf] lrtjg l:yt ;]km xf]ddf
/flvPsf] 5 . cfjZos dgf]k/fdz{ ;Fu;Fu}
cfod'ns tflnd k|fKt u/]/ ?kf ;Ifd aGg]
k|oTgdf l5g . TotL dfq xf]Og cfufdL lbgdf
n}lËs lx+;f / dfga a]rlavg lj?4df cfkm"
lqmofzLn x'g] k|0f u/]sL l5g .
?kf dfly ePsf] anTsf/sf] 36gf Pp6f k|ltlgwL
36gf dfq xf] . d'ntM e"sDkn] g]kfnL ;dfhdf
leqofPsf] cefj / c;'/Iffn] 5f]/L r]nLx?sf]
;'/Iffsf] ;jfn emg} r'gf}tLk"0f{ b]lvG5 . lsgls
k|sf]k kZrft dfgjclwsf/ xggsf 36gfx?
j[4L x'g] u/]sf] cGtf/f{li6«o cg'ejx?n] klg
b]vfPsf 5g . o;tkm{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? ulDe/
x'g' h?/L 5 .
/Ifs g}
eIfs ePkl5
piff u'?ª
lhNnf ;+of]hs -k;f{, lj/u~h_
lqkfnnfO{ cfkmgf] 3/ dfGg afWo eof] .
;a}sf b'Mvx? ;dfg lyP . Psn] csf{]nfO{
;fGTjgf lbg] / ;xof]u ug{] cj:yf lyPg .
;a}sf 3/ elTsPsf lyP . ;a}n] a:g] jf; /
vfg] uf; u'dfPsf lyP . ;a}sf cfzf / ;kgfx?
rls{Psf lyP . t;y{ lqkfn d'lgsf] b}lgsL
si6s/ x'g' :jfefljs lyof] . vfg] / a:g] h:tf]
clt ;fdfGo cfjZostf g} clglZrt ePkl5
b'Mvx? cf]Ol/g' ;fdfGo lyof] . sxfF a:g] <
s;/L a:g] < l;Ëf] kl/jf/nfO{ s;/L wfGg] <
h:tf ;d:ofx?n] ?kfsf] kl/jf/ lk/f]ln/x]sf]
lyof] .
?kfsf] 7"nL cfdfsL 5f]/Lsf] 3/ lj/u+hdf
lyof] . e"sDkn] ?kfsf] kl/jf/df ;d:of k/]sf]
yfxf kfP/ lj/u+hdf /x]sf lbbL legfh' wflbË
cfP . pgLx?n] cfkmGtn] lbg] cf:jfzg /
;xof]usf] jrg lbP . TotL dfq xf]Og, ?kfnfO{
lj/u+h nu]/ cfkm";Fu} /fVg] atfP . vfg] / a:g]
;d]t 7]ufg gePsf] cj:yfdf ?kfn] eP klg
;xh ?kdf a:g kfpF5] eGg] ;f]r]/ kl/jf/n]
lj/u+h k7fpg] ;xdlt lbof] .
u|fdL0f / ljs6 e"uf]ndf x'ls{PsL ?kf klg
zx/df a:g kfOg] ePkl5 v'zL g} eOg . csf{]tkm{
lbbL legfh'n] dfof u/]/ n}hfG5' eg]sf]n] pgsf]
dg km'?Ë lyof] t/, jL/u+h k'u]sf] s]xL ;dokl5
eg] ?kf 5fFufaf6 v;]h:tL eOg . kLtft'No
7fg]sf legfh'n] cfkm"dfly lu4] gh/ nufPsf]
pgn] dx;'; ul/g . legfh'sf] x]/fO{, af]nfO{ /
5'jfO{af6 g} ?kf ql;t x'g yflng . s]xL lbg
t pgL r'k g} /lxg t/ legfh'n] cfkm" dfly
b'Jo{jxf/ a9fpFb} uPkl5 pgn] lbbLnfO{
atfOg . lbbLnfO{ ;'gfPkl5 lbbLn] legfh'nfO{
ufnL ul5{g eGg] ?kfsf] ljZjf; lyof] . t/,
?kfn] ;f]r] eGbf l7s pN6f] eof] . lbbLn] t
pN6} ?kfnfO{ ufnL ul/g . b'Mv k/]sf] cj:yfdf
cfkm"n] vfg a:g lbPsf] eGb} lbbLn] legfh'nfO{
cgfjZos nfG5gf gnufpg ;r]t u/fOg .
lbbLsf] ?vf] Jojxf/ / jrgnfO{ ?kfn] k|ltjfb
ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf lyPg . ckl/lrt ;x/df lbbL
g} pgsf] ;+/Ifs / ;xf/f lyOg . lbbLn] g} pgsf]
;d:ofdf dtnj gul/lbPkl5 pgsf] eGg] / hfg]
7fpF sxLF lyPg . r'krfk kL8f ;x]/ a:g' pgsf]
afWotf eof] .
Pslbg ?kf / legfh' dfq} 3/df lyP . lbbL sfd
ljz]ifn] aflx/ uPsL lyOg . lj/u+hdf dw]z
cfGbf]ng rls{Psfn] legfh' k|fo 3/d} a:y] .
?kf dfq ePsf] cj;/ 5f]kL legfh'n] ?kfsf]
;+j]bzLn cËdf 5'g] / clZnn xs{t b]vfpg
yfn] . ?kfn] k|ltjfb ul/g t/ pgsf] s]xL
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
9jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
10 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
/flwsf lu/L
lhNnf ;+of]hs -afFs], g]kfnu~h_
cfhsf] o'u k|ljwLsf] o'u
xf] . k|ljwLsf] sf/0f xfd|f]
b}lgsL lgs} ;xh / ;/n
ePsf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ xfd|f sfo{ ;Dkfbgx?
lgs} l56f] / 5l/tf] x'Fb} uPsf 5g . cem eGg]
xf] eg] k|ljwL dflg;sf] klxnf] cfjZostf aGg
yfn]sf] 5 . ufpFufpF;Dd k'u]sf] df]jfOn kmf]gsf
sf/0f dflg;n] cfkmGt;Fu 6fl9Psf] dx;'; ug'{
k/]sf] 5}g . ;ft ;d'Gb|kf/L k'u]sf cfkmGtsf]
xfnvj/ cfkmg} 3/df a;La;L tTsfn} yfxf
kfpg ;lsg] ;xhtf k|fKt ePsf] 5 .
k|ljwLn] g]kfnL ;dfhnfO{ ;r]tgfsf
lx;fjn] cfd"n kl/jt{gtkm{ cu|;/ u/fO/x]sf]
5 . t/, o;sf] ;Fu;Fu} k|ljwLsf sf/0f gofF
gofF r'gf}tLx? klg ylkO/x]sf 5g . ljz]ifu/L
df]jfOn kmf]g / km];j's nufosf ;fdflhs
;~hfnsf sf/0fn] ljleGg ;dflhs ;d:ofx?
lglDtPsf] xfdLn] ;'Gb} / b]Vb} cfPsf 5f}+ .
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] ;jfndf
klg k|ljwLn] ljleGg hl6ntfx? lgDTofPsf]
5 . dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ lgoGq0f
tyf Go"lgs/0fdf ;xof]uL alg//x]sf] k|ljwL
csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/
Go"lgs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu r'gf}tL ;d]t
alg/x]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/sf lu/f]x jf bnfnx?n] k|ljlwsf]
k|of]u dfkm{t cfkmgf] ;~hfn lgdf{0f ul//x]sf
5g . Psk6s klg b]Vb} gb]v]sf] / e]6b} ge]6]sf]
dflg;;Fu km];j's jf df]jfOndf s'/fsfgL ePsf]
cfwf/df o'jtL tyf dlxnfx? k|efjdf kg{] /
a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf kg{] u/]sf 36gfx?df w]/}
a[l4 ePsf] 5 .
ut df3 !) ut] Pp6f hf]8L g]kfnUf~haf6
?k}l8oftkm{ hfFb} lyof] . l/S;fdf ;jf/ hf]8LnfO{
s]= cfO{= g]kfn afFs] zfvf sfof{no l:yt
g]kfnu~h ;Ldfdf vl6Psf sd{rf/Ln] ef/ttkm{
hfg'sf] sf/0faf/] ;f]wvf]h u/] . o'jtLn] cfkm"
!( jif{sL ePsL / cfkmgf] gfd zdL{nf a'9f
-gfd kl/jt{g_ /x]sf] atfOg . zld{nfsf]
cg';f/ pgsf] 3/ s}nfnL lhNnfdf lyof] .
s]6fn] eg] cfkmgf] 3/ ;'v{]t lhNnfdf /x]sf]
/ cfkmgf] gfd rqm ;fksf]6f atfof] . cfkmgf]
pd]/ @@ aif{ ePsf] atfpg] s]6fsf] gfd, y/ /
jtg ;'g]/ s]6L cndNn kl/g . s]= fO{= g]kfns}
sd{rf/Lsf] cufl8 s]6Ln] s]6fnfO{ ;f]lwg
…tkfO{n] lsg 9fF6s'/f af]n]sf] <Ú
kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnL ;dfhdf Pkm=Pd= /]l8ofsf]] k|efjdf klg csNkgLo a[l4 ePsf] 5 . x/]s lhNnf
;b/d'sfd / Jofkfl/s s]Gb| /x]sf ahf/x?sf slDtdf klg b'O{j6f Pkm=Pd= /]l8of]x? ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g .
k|ljwL / dfgj a]rlavg
s]6f]n] s]xL hjfkm lbPg .
…tkfO{n] cfkmgf] 3/ lrtjg /x]sf] / cfkmgf]
gfd pd]z 7s'/L eGg'x'GYof] t .Ú eGg yfn]kl5
s]6f sfnf]lgnf] eof] .
s'/f :ki6 lyof] . s]6fn] o'jtLnfO{ 9fF6 s'/f
u/]/ ef/ttkm{ n}hfFb} lyof] .
pgLx?sf] s'/f aflemPkl5 s]= cfO{= g]kfnn]
pgLx?nfO{ 5'§f5'§} /fv]/ ;f]wk'5 u¥of] .
:yfgLo Ps Pkm=Pd=df ;~rflnt s] d ltd|f]
;fyL aGg ;S5' sfo{qmd o'jfx? Dffem nf]slk|o
/x]5 . pQm sfo{qmdn] ckl/lrt JolQmx?nfO{
;fyL agfpg] ;]t'sf] sfd ubf{] /x]5 . em08}
b'O{ dlxgf cufl8 pQm /]l8of] sfo{qmd dfkm{t
pgLx? ;fyL ePsf /x]5g . zld{nfn] cfkmgf]
;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f ;xL / ;To atfPsL /lxl5g eg]
rqmn] em'6 atfPsf] /x]5 .
;fyL ePkl5 pgLx?aLr lgoldt kmf]g
;Dks{ x'g yfNof] . kmf]g ;Dks{ s} qmddf pgLx?
lj:tf/} k|]d ;DjGwtkm{ pGd'v x'Fb} uP . rqmn]
cfkm" cljjflxt /x]sf] / zld{nf;Fu ljjfx ug{
OR5's /x]sf] atfpFn} cfPsf] /x]5 . kmf]g ;Dks{
eP klg pgLx?aLr e]63f6 x'g ;s]sf] lyPg .
oxL aLrdf zld{nfnfO{ 3fF6Ldf ;d:of
b]lvP5 . kl/jf/sf]] ;Nnfx d} zld{nf pkrf/sf]
nflu g]kfnu~h cfpg] eOg / pgn] g]kfnu~h
cfpg nfu]sf] rqmnfO{ atfOg . :jf:Yo
pkrf/ ug'{sf ;fy} pgLx?aLr e]63f6 ug{]
6'Ëf] eP5 . of]hgf cg';f/ zld{nf g]kfnu~h
cfOg / rqm;Fu e]6 eof] . klxnf] e]6d} zld{nf
z;+lst eOg . lsgls kmf]gdf s'/fubf{ pgn]
sNkgf u/]sf] h:tf] pd]z pgsf] cufl8 lyPg .
cfkm"nfO{ atfPsf] eGbf pd]zsf] pd]/ cln kfsf]
/x]sf] pgn] cg'dfg ul/g eg] kmf]gdf :df6{?kdf
s'/f ug{] pd]z oyfy{df e]6bf kmf]xf]/L / l3g
nfUbf] b]lvof] . t}klg ldqtf eg]sf] ldqtf xf] .
ldqtf;Fu pd]/ / cg'xf/sf] vf;} cy{ /xFb}g eGg]
;f]r]/ zld{nf rqm;Fu cfkmgf] 3fF6L hrfpFg
g]kfnu~h d]l8sn sn]hdf uOg .
zld{nfn] hfFr u/fpGh]n rqm ;Fu} /xof] .
r]scksf] qmddf cfjZos k|s[ofx?df ;xof]u
klg u¥of] . 8S6/n] zld{nfsf] hfFr u/]/ cf}ifwL
n]lvlbP . c:ktfn glhs}sf] d]l8sndf k'u]/
cf}ifwL lsGg vf]Hbf s]xL cf}ifwL cfkm";Fu
g/x]sf] d]l8snn] atfof] . zld{nfn] csf{]
d]l8sndf cf}ifwL lsGg vf]lhg t/ rqmn]
lsGg vf]h]sf] d]l8sndf cf}ifwL gkfPkl5
g]kfnu~hsf cf}ifwL k;nx?df cf}ifwL
kfpg s7Lg x'g] atfof] . To; ;Fu;Fu} g]kfndf
eGbf ef/tdf cf}ifwL lgs} ;:tf] kfOg] eGb}
;Ldfkf/L uP/ cf}ifwL lsGg cfu|x u¥of] . Ps
t g]kfnu~hdf cf}ifwL gkfOg] / kfP klg dxËf]
x'g] ePkl5 zld{nf ;Ldf kf/L hfg tof/ eOg
/ ;f]xL qmddf s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n]
pgLx?nfO{ e]6]sf lyP .
;f]wk'5sf] qmddf csf{] dxTjk"0f{ s'/f s]
klg kQf nfUof] eg] rqm ljjflxt /x]5 . p;sf
b'O{j6f 5f]/fx? ;d]t eO;s]sf /x]5g . cfkm"
cljjflxt /x]sf] / zld{nf;Fu ljjfx ug{ tof/
/x]sf] atfpFb} cfPsf] rqmsf] lgot :ki6 ?kd}
z+sf:kb b]lvof] .
rqmsf] oyfy{ yfxf kfPkl5 zld{nf
x}/fg x'g' :jefljs lyof] . kmf]gdf s'/f ePs}
cfwf/df cfkm"n] ljZjf; u/]/ uNtL u/]sf] eGb}
pgL kZrftfk ug{ yflng .
zld{nfnfO{ lsg ef/t kf/L nfg vf]h]sf]
xf] < st} a]Rg t nfg vf]h]sf] xf]Og < nufotsf]
k|Zgx? s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ul//xFbf rqmn] cf}ifwL
lsGg dfq hfg nfu]sf] eg]/ lh4L ul//Xof] /
cfkm"n] em'6 af]n]/ uNtL u/]sf] eGb} dfkmL dfUg
yfNof] .
cfkm"k|lt rqmsf] ;kmf lgot g/x]sf] eGb}
zld{nfn] …d h:t} slt s]6LnfO{ em'SofP/ aaf{b
agfof}Ú eGb} rqmnfO{ ¥ofv¥oflVt kfg{ yflng .
s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Ln] cfkm"x?nfO{ /f]s]/
;f]wk'5 gu/]sf] eP cfkmgf] cj:yf h] klg
x'g;SYof] eGb} zld{nfn] s]= cfO{= g]kfnnfO{
wGojfb ;d]t lbOg .
o;aLrdf zld{nfsf] cfdf;Fu ;Dks{ u/]/
;Dk"0f{ ljj/0fsf] cjut u/fOof] . zld{nfsL
cfdfn] rqmnfO{ plrt b08 lbnfpg cfu|x
ul/g . zld{nfsf] cfdfn] b08sf] clkn ug'{
jf rqmnfO{ bl08t u/fpg kxn ul/lbg cfu|x
ug'{ :jefljs g} lyof] . rqm ljjflxt dfq xf]Og
b'O{ ;Gtfgsf] afp ;d]t lyof] . p;nfO{ sfg'gL
s73/f;Dd k'¥ofpbf p;sf] >LdtL / 5f]/fx?sf]
cj:yf s] x'G5 < nufotsf ljifodf Jofks
5nkmn ul/of] / r]tfjgL lbFb} Psk6snfO{
dfkmL lbg] lg0f{o ul/of] . zld{nfnfO{ eg] pgsf]
cfdfsf] ;/;Nnfxs} cfwf/df 3/ hfg] Joj:yf
ldnfOof] .
;txaf6 x]bf{ ;fdfGo b]lvP klg zld{nf /
rqm h:tf kfqx? g]kfnL ;dfhdf cToflws
5g . k|ljwLsf sf/0f rqmx?n] cfkmgf] ck/fw
sd{nfO{ ;xh} km}nfO/x]sf 5g eg] zld{nfx?
kLl8t aGg afWo 5g . t;y{ k|ljwL;Fu hf]l8Psf
j[xQ/ ljifo tyf o;sf] r'gf}tL / k|of]uaf/]
;r]tgf a9fpg' cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
10 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
11jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
k'Holgo dftflktf, tkfO{x?sf] cefuL 5f]/Lsf]
gd:sf/,
tkfO{+x? cf/fd} x'g'x'G5 xf]nf eGg] cfzf
5 . tkfO{x?sf] ;':jf:Yosf] nflu
kz'kltgfy;Fu x/ lbg k|fy{gf ul//x]sL
5' . clxn] tkfO{x?nfO{ kq n]lv/Fxbf d]/f
cfFvf cf]efgf x'g ;s]sf 5}gg . cfF;'sf yf]kf
kfgfdf em/]/ n]Vg c;xh eO/x]sf] 5 . t} klg
d of] kq n]Vg afWo 5' .
a'afcfdf, kL8fnfO{ gf;f]sf] ?kdf
lnP/ cfh;Dd d cf/fd} 5' . d]/f] sf/0fn]
tkfO{x?nfO{ kSs} kL8f ePsf] 5 t/ kL8f
glng'; . d}n] d]/f] cj:yfnfO{ efUosf] v]nsf]
?kdf l:jsf/L ;s]sL 5' . efUosf] v]n;Fu
s;}sf] s]xL nfUbf] /x]g5 .
a'afcfdf, d cgluGtL ;kgfx? af]s]/
b'MvnfO{ ;'vdf kl/0ft u/fpg] ;+sNk lnb}+
of] vf8Ldf cfOk'u]sL x'F . vf8L cfPkl5 d}n]
sfd klg z'? u/]+ . TotLa]nf dnfO{ nfUYof]
ca d]/f] jf:tljs hLjg ;'? eof], nfUYof]
ca t ;fRrLs} xfDf|f] kl/jf/ jf d]/f] hLagdf
gofF kfn'jf knfpg]] 5 . cfly{s sf/0fn] ef]Ub}
cfPsf x}/fgLx?sf] cGTo x'g]5 . tkfO{x?nfO{
yfxf g} 5 d}n] z'?z'?df 3/df klg k};f k7fPs}
lyPF . sfd ug{ ;lhnf] t lyPg . lj/fgf] d'n's
efiffb]lv x/]s j:t' l:ytLdf ;d:ofx?sf]
;fdgf ug'{ g} kb{Yof] . t/ klg ;'vsf] cfzfdf
h:tf;'s} hl6ntfdf klg cfkm"nfO{ cEo:t
u/fpFb} nu]+ . csf{]tkm{ k};f k7fP/ tkfO{x?nfO{
;xof]u ug{ kfPF eg]/ dg k|km'Nn lyof] . tnj
cfPkl5 dgL 6«fG;km/af6 k};f k7fPsf] lbg
nfUg' ;Dd cfgGb nfUof] .
ufpFdf ljb]zdf uPkl5 ;lhn} k};f
sdfpg ;lsG5 eGg] ;'lgGYof] . dfgf}+ ljb]zdf
k};fsf] af]6 5 / l6Kg ;lsG5 h:tf] . t/,
To:tf] xf]Og /x]5 . lgs} s7f]/ >d / nugn]
dfq k};f sdfpg ;lsbf] /x]5 .
;do cfkmg} /kmtf/df cufl8 a9b}
uof] . clkm;n] ;dodf tnj lbg 5f8of] . of]]
lab]lzPsL 5f]/Lsf] kq
jLrdf d}n] tnj gkfPsf] @ jif{ gf3L ;Sof] .
jLrjLrdf tkfO{x?n] tnj k7fp eg]/ kmf]g klg
ug'{ eof] . t/ d tnj k7fpg c;dy{ lyPF . d
cfkmgf] oyfy{ atfP/ tkfO{x?nfO{ b'vL agfpg
klg ;Slbgy]+ . sfd u/]sf] tnj cfh cfpnf
ef]nL cfpnf eGbfeGb} jiff{}+ ljt] . ;doqmd;Fu}
d]/f] lehfsf] ;do cjlw klg ;dfKt x'g
yfNof] . d}n] sfd u/]sf] 7fpFdf lehf yKgsf]
nflu jf/Djf/ cg'/f]w ul//x]+ . t/ !÷@ lbg
eGbfeGb} ^ dlxgf sl6;s]sf] 5 .
of] la/fgf] 7fFpdf d]/f] sf] g} lyof] / < d}n]
Gofo dfUg hfg] cj:yf klg lyPg . cfkmgf]
;d:of ;'lglbg] sf]xL dfG5] klg lyPg .
a'afcfdf d}n] cj tkfO{x?nfO{ eGg} kg{]
x'G5, d gf/sLo hLjg ef]lu/x]sL 5' . d]/f x/]s
/ftx? lgd{d oftgfdf ljT5g . 3/df dflnSgL
gePsf] /ft dflns zf/Ll/s ;DaGw /fVg
cfpy]+ . d}n] lj/f]w u/]+ eg] k'ln; nufP/
h]n xfNg] wDsL lbGy]+ . clg d cf;'F lkP/
n'l6g afWo x'Gy]+ . cflv/ d}n] la/f]w u/]/ s]
kf/ nufpg ;Sy]+ / < slt /f]PF, s/fPF / u'xf/
dfu]+ . t/ dflns ?kL bfgjn] d]/f] k'sf/nfO{
slxNo} ;'g]g . ;xg'eGbf afx]ssf] s'g} ljsNk
d;Fu lyPg . stL /ftx? ef]s} ;'Tg kb{Yof] .
dgdf cg]s ts{gf rNy], s;/L g]kfndf d'v
b]vfpg] xf]nf < d;Fu s:n] lax] unf{ < d s]
;f]r]/ cfPF cfh s] ef]lu/x]s 5' < o:tf] leif0f
si6sf] jLrdf lbgx? u'lh|/x]sf lyP . d crfgs
la/fdL k/]+ . ;'?df clncnL Hj/f] cfof] . Hj/f]
cfpFbf cf}ifwL pkrf/ t k/} hfcf]; yf]/} cf/fd
ug{] cj;/ klg d}n] kfplbgy]+ . Psf]xf]/f] sfddf
blng kb{Yof] .
dnfO{ 3/df yf]/} Hj/f] cfpFbf a'afn]
hl8j'6L v'jfpg' x'GYof] . cfdf kfgL k66L nufP/
6fpsf] glhs a:g'x'GYof] . oxfF Hj/f]n] clt g}
agfO{;Sbf klg d}n] cfkm'nfO{ la/fdL eGg kfOg .
cfvfF /l;nf ePsf lyP . z/L/ wfGg g;s]/
y/y/L sfdL/xGYof] . Ps}l5g plebf klg !%
sf]; lx+8]/ yfs]sf] h:tf] dx;'; x'GYof] . otL
x'Fbf klg lg/Gt/ sfd u/L /x]+ . Pslbg cfkmg}
z/L/ wfGg ufx|f] eof] . d crfgs e'Odf n8+] .
dnfO{ s]xL yfxf ePg . d a]xf]; x'g k'u]+5' .
ljxfgL lr;f] xfjf;Fu} d]/f cfFvf v'Nof] .
cyf{t d]/f] xf]; lkm¥of] . Pp6f kfs{df 9nL /x]sL
/x]5' . s;/L d oxfF cfP < s'g} cQf]kQf] lyPg .
p7g] sf]zL; u/] t/ p7g ;lsg . c;fWo}
Hj/f] cfO{/x]sf] lyof] . pNs} kfgL Kof; nflu
/x]sf] lyof] . glhs} km"naf/Ldf ´/L /x]sf]
kfgLsf] wf/f]df 3;|b}+ uP / kfgL lkPF . kfgL
lkPkl5 yf]/} ;f; cfP h:tf] eof] . c;fWo}
?g dg nfUof] . d]/f] clGtd lbg cfOk'u] h:tf]
nfUof] . cj tkfO{x?;Fu e]6 x'Fb}g eGg] :d/0fn]
d'6'df eSsfgf] 5'6]/ cfof] . d/] klg d]/f] nf;
d]/} b]zsf] df6f];Dd k'uf]; eg]/ sfdgf u/]+ .
d[t zl// eP klg d]/f] cfdfa'afsf] sfv;Dd
k'Uf] x'GYof] eGg] nflu /xof] .
kfs{df d km]/L a]xf]; eP5' . ha d
Ao"FlemP :nfOg kfgL r9fO{Psf] lyof] . s'/f]
a'emg ufx|f] k/]g d c:ktfndf /x]5' . k'/} hLp
b'lv/x]sf] lyof] . uf]8f rndnfpg vf]h]+ .
;lsg . bflxg] uf]8f t yf]/} klg rndnfpg
;lsg . bflxg] uf]8fnfO{ kmnfd] ;fªnf]n]
afwLPsf] lyof] . 5]pdf b'O{ hgf k'ln;x?
al;/x]sf lyP . dnfO{ s'/f a'emg ufx|f] ePg,
d kqmfp k/]5' . pkrf/n] d]/f] :jf:Yodf
qmlds ;'wf/ x'Fb} cfof] .
k"0f{ :jf:Yo l7s ePkl5 dnfO{ h]ndf
nluof] . clxn] d h]naf6 s}bLsf] ?kdf
tkfO{x?nfO{ of] kq n]lv/x]sf] 5' . of] 7fFpdf
d]/f] Gofosf nflu ax; ul/lbg] sfg'gsdL{
d}n] sf] kfpg' < g t d}n] sfdsf] kmn kfPF,
g t d]/f] u'gf;f] sFxL st} ;'g'jfO{ eof] . leiff
geP/ dnfO{ cf]e/ :6] d'2f nfUof] . d dfly
cGo y'k|} d'2fx? btf{ eO/x]sf 5g . ca of]
h]n tf]8]/ d sxfF s;/L lgl:sg ;S5' / <
a'afcfdf h]n a;]sf] klg cfh t @! dlxgf
e} ;s]5 c´} stL ;do oxfF a:g' kg{] xf] <
d h:t} sof}F g]kfnL r]nLx? oxfFsf] h]ndf
k/]sf 5g eGg] d}n] ;'g]sf] 5' .
ut ;fnsf] bz}+ uof] . o;kfnL klg
cfpFb}5 . a'afcfdf h;f]t;f] u/]/ eP klg
bz}+ dgfpg' . ;a}sf] 3/df bz}+sf] /f}gs
xf]nf . t/ tkfO{x? d]/f] vj/ yfxf gkfP/
kL8fdf x'g'xf]nf . 5f]/Lsf] af6f] x]/]/ Psf]xf]/f]
6f]nfpb} x'g xf]nf . cfz'sf wf/f]n] kSs} klg
d'naf6f] kvfnL ;Sof] xf]nf .
d}n] snd of] oxfF eGbf cufl8 a9fpg
;lsg cfhnfO{ labf lnG5' k5L csf]{ kq
km]/L df}sf ldn]df sf]g]{ 5' .
a'afcfdf, d cglulGt ;kgfx? af]s]/ b'MvnfO{ ;'vdf kl/0ft u/fpg] ;+sNk
lnb}+ of] vf8Ldf cfOk'u]sL x'F .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
;'/Iff a/fn
;+rf/ clws[t
11jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
12 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
@! cf}+ ztfAbLdf cfOk'Ubf klg
dlxnfsf ;d:ofx?df pNn]Vo ;'wf/
x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . k/fk"j{sfnb]lv ef]Ub}
cfPsf] lje]b, lx+;f cfh;Dd klg s'g} g
s'g} ?kdf sfod} 5 . lkt[;QfTds ;dfhn]
cem} klg dlxnfnfO{ bf];|f] bhf{sf] gful/ssf]
Jojxf/ ul//x]sf] 5 . dlxnfnfO{ sdhf]/ /
lIf0fxLg agfpg] ;+:s[lt, d'No, dfGotf /
k/Dk/fx? ;dfhsf ljBdfg 5g . uf]i7L,
;ef, ;df/f]x nufot clwsf/;Fu ;DaGwLt
cleoGtf / gLlt lgdf{tfx? dlxnf / k'?if
;dfg x'g elg/x]s} 5g . cem ;dfh
;+rfng?kL /ysf] b'O{ kfªu|fsf] ?kdf /x]sf
dlxnf / k'?ifx? dWo] Ps kfªu|f] sdhf]/
eof] eg] ;dfh g} ljsnfªu x'g] pgLx?sf]
wf/0ff 5 . t/ klg dlxnfx?n] ;dfhdf
x}l;otsf ;fy ;fdflhs pkl:ytL bh{ ug{
;s]sf 5}gg .
cfwf cfsfz cf]u6g] dlxnfx? clwsf/,
cfTdlge{/tf / :jlg0f{osf] clwsf/af6
jl~rt 5g . u|fld0f dlxnfx?sf] cj:yf t
emg} bogLo 5 . s7f]/ >d, k'?if lgb{]lzt
hLjg / 3/fo;L lx+;faf6 pgLx?n] d'lQm
kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg .
7"nf] ;+3if{ kZrft g]kfnsf] sfg"gL
;+/rgfnfO{ dlxnf d}qL agfpg t ;lsPsf]
5 . t/, o;sf] sfof{Gjog eg] x'g ;s]sf]
5}g .
cem} klg clwsf+; dlxnfx?n] bf;tfsf]
hLjg afFlr/x]sf 5g . cfly{s pkfh{g jf
cfocfh{gsf] sfddf k'?ifx?sf] Psflwsf/
5 . TotLdfq xf]Og ;dfhn] :yflkt u/]sf]
k/Dk/fut d'Non] dlxnfnfO{ cfkmgf] zl//
a]Rg ;d]t afWo agfPsf] 5 . cyf{t cfly{s
uhf{] 6fg{ dlxnfx? zl// a]Rg ;d]t afWo
5g . s] k'?ifx?n] hflu/ vfFbf dlxnfx?n]
vfg ;Sb}gg t < s] k'?ifx?n] Jofkf/ ubf{
dlxnfx?n] ug{ ;Sb}gg t < s] k'?ifx?n]
cfocfh{g ubf{ dlxnfx?n] ug{ ;Sb}gg
t < l;h{gfTds Ifdtf, nug, of]hgf /
lqmofzLntfsf lx;fjn] dlxnfx? k'?if
eGbf s;/L sdhf]/ 5g < kSs} klg 5}gg .
k'?ifn] ug{] x/]s sfdx? ug{ dlxnfx? ;Ifd
/ ;jn 5g . t/, dlxnfnfO{ cufl8 a9g
s] s'/fn] /f]s]sf] 5 / < sfg'gL /fHon] ;dfg
clwsf/ dfq xf]Og dlxnf d}qL clwsf/x?
;d]t k|Tofe"tL ubf{ub{} klg dlxnfx? lsg
cufl8 a9g ;ls/x]sf 5}gg < o;sf]
pQ/ ;/n 5, ;lbof}+ b]lv g]kfnL ;dfhdf
:yflkt ePsf] k'?if d}qL d'No / ;F:s[ltn]
dlxnfx?nfO{ cufl8 a9g lbO/x]sf] 5}g .
;F:s[ltn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] cg]sf}+ h+hfnx?n]
dlxnfx?sf] xftuf]8f afFlwlbPsf] 5 .
pbfx/0fsf] nflu lbge/L s'g} ;ef ;Dd]ng
jf uf]i7Ldf dlxnf clwsf/sf] kIfdf af]Ng]
k'?if a]n'sf 3/df uPkl5 p;n] cfkm"n]
af]n]sf] s'/fnfO{ 3/df nfu" u5{ ls ub{}g <clg
dlxnf clwsf/df ;dlk{t dlxnf cleoGtfn]
p;n] ;f]r]sf] / a'em]sf] h:tf] clwsf/sf]
pkef]u cfkmgf] 3/df ug{ kfpFl5g ls
kfpFlbgg < xfdLn] oL b'O{ tYonfO{ dgg
ug{] lalQs} dlxnf ljsf;df ;d:ofx? :ki6
x'g k'U5g .
klxnf] s'/f t dlxnfx?nfO{ 3/af6 aflx/
lg:sg g} ;d:of 5 . 3/fo;L sfdsf] af]em
Psftkm{ 5 eg] 3/af6 lgl:sP/ ;fdflhs
;/f]sf/;Fu ;DjGw /fVg vf]Hg] dlxnfnfO{
/fd|f] b[li6sf]0fn] x]l/b}Fg . h;n]ubf{ hflu/
vfg xf]; jf cGo s'g} klg cfocfh{gsf]
sfd ug{ xf]; dlxnfnfO{ ;d:of eO/x]sf]
5 . 3/af6 lgl:sP/ cfkmgf] eljZo agfpg
k'?if :jtGq 5 t/, dlxnfsf] xsdf eg]
kl/jf/ / ;dfhn] o:tf] :jtGqtf k|bfg
u/]sf] 5}g . 3/af6 aflx/ lgSng' cyf{t
3/fo;L rf}3]/f gf3]/ :jtGq dflg;sf]
hLjg pkef]u ug'{ d} afwf ePkl5 dlxnfsf
cGo j[lQ ljsf; :jefljs ?kdf cufl8
a9g ;Sb}gg .
cfh klg 5f]/L, a'xf/L / kTgLn] 3/af6 aflx/
lgSng afa', ;;'/f jf klt;Fu cg'dlt lng}
k5{ . t/, k'?ifsf] xsdf eg] of] lgod nfu"
x'Fb}g . en} kl/jf/n] cg'dlt lbP/ 3/af6
lgSng] cj:yf lgdf{0f eof] eg] klg ;dod}
3/ cfOk'Ug' kg{] afWosf/L cj:yf 5 .
;fdfGo h:tf b]lvg] lo k/Dk/f jf k'?if
lgb{]lzt lgdox?n] g} dlxnfx?nfO{ :yflkt
x'g s7Lg agfO/x]sf] 5 . hj;Dd lo
cfwf/e"t ;d:ofx?sf] ;dfwfg ug{ ;lsb}g
tj ;Dd xfdLn] eGg] u/]sf] ;jn dlxnf
;lxtsf] ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{ c;+ej 5 .
gf/L ;zlQms/0f jf hfu/0fsf nflu
dlxnfnfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpg' hlt h?/L
5 TotL g} dfqdf ;r]tgf clej[l4 u/fpg'
cfjZos 5 . o;sf nflu PsLs[t k|oTg
x'g' h?/L 5 . cyf{t ;r]tgf ljsf;,
dlxnf lzIff ;Fu;Fu} dlxnfnfO{ cfTdlge{/
agfpg cfocfh{g ;Dj4 ultljwLx?
;d'bfo:t/;Dd k'¥ofg'k5{ .
;+;f/d} ljs/fn ;d:ofsf] ?kdf b]lvPsf]
dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf k5fl8
ul/jL / clzIff k|d'v lhDd]jf/ 5 .
d"ntM t];|f] ljZj / To;df klg ljkGg
d'n'ssf dlxnfx? a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf
kl//x]sf 5g . o;n] s] :ki6 kf5{ eg]
ul/jL lgjf/0f / ;r]tgfsf] clej[l4nfO{
pRr k|fyldstfdf kfg'{ h?/L 5 . /fHo
tyf ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] o; tYonfO{
cfTd;fy ub{} cfkmgf sfo{qmd / ultljwLx?
cufl8 a9fpg ;Sg'k5{ .
clxn] dlxnf clwsf/ / Ifdtf ljsf;;Fu
;DalGwt ljleGg ;+3 ;:yfx? ufpFufpF
k'u]sf 5g . pgLx?n] dlxnf clwsf/sf
nflu k}/jL / Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu ljleGg
ultljwLx? ul//x]sf] bfjL klg ul//x]sf
5g . t/ klg n}lËs lx+;fsf 36gfdf pNn]Vo
sdL cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . dlxnfx? ;dfhdf
:yflkt x'g] jf cfkmgf] ;d'bfosf] g]t[Tj ug{]
:yfgdf k'Ug ;s]sf 5}gg . cem egf}+ k'?if
;x/sf] x}l;ot k|fKt ug{ g]kfnL dlxnfx?n]
cem} bzsf}+ s'g'{ kg{] cj:yf 5 . o;/L
x]bf{ ufpFufpF;Dd k'lu/x]sf dlxnf ;Dj4
;+3 ;+:yfx?n] s] sfd ul//x]sf 5g
t < eGg] k|Zg p7g ;S5 / of] :jefljs
klg xf] . xfdLs] s'/fdf :ki6 x'g'k5{ eg]
g]kfnL dlxnfsf] pTkLl8g ax'cfoflds
5 . o;sf] :j?k s'g} Ps If]q / ljifo;Fu
dfq ;DjlGwt 5}g . t;y{ xfdLn] yfn]sf
k|of;x?n] s'g} Ps If]qnfO{ dfq ;Djf]wg
ug{ vf]h]/ dfq dlxnfsf ;d:of ;dfwfg
x'g ;Sb}gg . o;sf nflu PsLs[t k|of;sf]
h?/L 5 . clxn];Dd ul/Psf k|of;, cleofg
/ sfo{qmdx? PsLs[t ?kdf ufpFufpF;Dd
k'Ug ;s]sf 5}gg . h;n] ubf{ cfzfltt
k|ltkmnx? k|fKt x'g ;s]sf 5}gg .
o;y{, dlxnf ;DaGwL ;d:of ;dfwfg
ug{ xfdLn] xfd|f] k/Dk/fut b[li6sf]0f,
cfly{s kIf, ;fdflhs If]q, ;f+:s[lts d'No,
k/Dk/fut dfGotf nufot w]/} ljifodf
;'wf/ / kl/jt{g ug'{ h?/L 5 .
dlxnfsf ;d:of hxF“sf] ToxL
;'lzn d/x¶f
lhNnf ;+of]hs -lj/f6gu/, df]/ª_
cfwf cfsfz cf]u6g] dlxnfx? clwsf/, cfTdlge{/tf / :jlg0f{osf] clwsf/af6 jl~rt
5g . u|fld0f dlxnfx?sf] cj:yf t emg} bogLo 5 .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
12 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
13jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
	 ;du|df k;f{ lhNnfdf dfga a]rlavg /
n}lËs lx;f+sf] ca:yf s] 5 <
	 o; k;f{ lhNnfdf ef/t hfg] w]/} v'Nnf
gfsf ePsfn] lhNnfdf dflg;x? a]lrg]
jf g]kfnaf6 aflxl/g]sf] ;+Vof Plsg
5}g . ;g @)!% df d'Vo gfsf ;Ldfgfsf
hfg nfu]sf dlxnfnfO{ /fv]/ ;f]wk'5 ubf{
#( hgf hf]vLddf kg{] ;Defjgf ePsf] /
7f]/L gfsfaf6 !) hgfnfO{ l;dfgfsfaf6
p4f/ u/LPsf]df hDdf $( hgf k;f{
lhNnfn] p4f/ ul/Psf] lyof] . n}lËs
lx;f+sf 36gfsf w]/} g} ;DaGwLt ph'/L
cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . dlxnfx? 3/af6 g} w]/}
lx;f+df k/]sf] cj:yf 5 .
	 dw]; cfGbf]ng -gfsfaGbL_ n] ;Ldfdf
r]nLa]6Lsf] ;'/Iffsf nflu a;]sf
;3+;:yfnfO{ k'/} c;/ kf¥of] . o;n] t
w]/} dlxnf hf]vLddf k/] lg x}+<
	 >fj0f dlxgfb]vLsf] dw]z cfGbf]ng
km]l/ gfsfjGbLsf sf/0f k"/} ;do ;Ldfdf
lgu/fgL ug{ gkfpFbf dlxnf hf]vLddf
k/]sf] cj:yfdf a9f]Q/L ePsf] cg'dfg
5 . oBlk lhNnf k|Zff;gn] x/bd rgfvf]
eP/ cfkmgf sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . ;fy}
tkfO{x? h:tf ;+:yfn] klg lbg/ft sfd
ul//x]sf] x'gfn] Toltw]/} vt/f eg] a9]sf]
5}g .
	 cfGbf]ng kZrft dfgj a]rlavg n}+lËs
lx+;fsf :j?knfO{ s;/L lng'ePsf] 5 <
	cfGbf]ngsf] ;dodf dfgj a]rlavg
lj/u+h ;Ldf gfsf
;+j]bgzLn gfsfdWo] Ps
ug]{nfO{ l;d/faf6 df]6/;fOsndf
r9fO{ ef/t nu]sf] hfgsf/L eP/
g]kfn k|x/L / cGo ;+:yf4f/f
l;dfgfsfdf cem s9fO{sf ;fy
sfd ubf{ w]/} dlxnfx? /f]lsPsf
5g .
	 lj/uh+ gfsf g]kfns} 7"nf]
gfsfsf ?kdf lnOG5 t;y{
o; lhNnfdf /fHo :t/af6
r]nLa]6Lx? hf]vLddf gk?g
eGgsf nflu s] s:tf sfdx?
eO/x]sf 5g <
	 lhNnfdf dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/ /f]syfd ;DaGwLt d]/}
cWoIftfdf lhNnf ;ldlt u7g
ePsf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfn nufot
cGo u}x| ;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?;Fusf]
;xsfo{df p4f/ tyf k'gM:yfkgf
tyf k'g{ldngsf sfd eO/x]sf
5g .
	 /fHo;Fu ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfn]
;zQm?kdf dfgja]rlavg lj?4 /
n}+lus lx+;f cGTosf nflu w]/} sfd
u/]sf 5g lsg jif{sf] clGtddf klg
cg'kft pxL 5 <
	 /fHo;Fu ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] dfgj
a]rlavg lj?4 tyf n}+lus lx+;f
cGTosf nflu ;dGjo / ;xsfo{ ul//x]sf]
ePtf klg nfdf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfn,
cl:y/ ;/sf/, j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf o'jf
o'jtLx?sf] /x/ eGbf klg afWotf x'Fb} hfg',
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
u}x| ;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] kl/0ffdd'vL
sfo{kq k|:t'tL / tYofs+ d} ;fwg ;|f]t
vlr{g'n] ck]lIft kl/0ffd cfpg g;s]sf]
xf] eGg] nfU5 .
	 dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lus lx+;f cGTosf
nflu cem} s] ug'{ cfjZos 5 <
	 /fHokIfaf6 pBf]u snsf/vfgf ;~rfng
u/]/ /f]huf/ lbnfpg], ;r]tgf sfo{qmd
u/]/ hfu?s u/fpg] / o;} ;DaGwL ljleGg
sfo{qmd ul/of] eg] /f]syfd x'g ;S5 .
g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] gfsfsf ?kdf :yflkt lj/u+hnfO{ cfly{s /fhwfgL dflgG5 . lbgx'F ;of}+sf]
;+Vofdf ;jf/L ;fwg cfjfthfjt ug]{ tyf g]kfn–ef/t k|j]z ug]{ o; If]qdf dflg;x?sf] rxnkxn
klg plQs} x'G5 . sf7df8f}+jf6 glhssf] gfsf ePsf sf/0f klg r]lna]6L a]rljvgsf] 6«flGh6 dWo]sf]
Ps xf] . ljutnfO{ x]bf{ g'jfsf]6, /;'jf, wflbª, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, sfe|] h:tf lhNnf hxfF cGosf t'ngfdf w]/}
r]lna]l6 a]rlavgdf kg]{ u5{g . oL 7fpFaf6 lj/u+h gfsf glhs kg]{ ePsf sf/0f klg of] gfsfnfO{ ;+j]bgzLn
dflgPsf] xf] . o;} sf/0f o; gfsfsf] ;'/Iff cj:yfsf af/]df k;f{sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s]zj/fh
l3ld/];Fu xfdLn] s'/fsfgL u/]sf 5f}+ . k|:t't 5 s'/fsfgLsf] ;Dkflbt c+zM
13jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
14 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
Dffgj ;Eotf slxNo} klg
r'gf}tLaf6 aflx/ 5}g . x/]s
sfnv08df dfgj ;Eotf jf
;dfhn] s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] r'gf}tLx?sf]
;fdgf ul//xg'k/]sf] 5 . t/ klg r'gf}tL
/ ;d:ofx?;Fu h'wb} dfgj ;dfh cufl8
al9/x]sf] 5 . ;dfhdf ljBdfg ?9LjfbL
k|rng / lx+;fhGo d'No dfGotfx?nfO{ lrg{
x/]s sfnv08df ;+3if{x? eO/x]sf 5g /
eO{ g} /xg]5g . t/, Pp6f hj{h:t tYo
s] xf] eg] lx+;f, ckdfg, ul/jL / kL8faf6
dlxnfx? hlxNo} klg a9L k|tfl8t x'Fb}
cfPsf 5g . dlxnf dfly x'g] cGofo /
ckdfg lj?4df pNn]Vo k|oTg / k|of;x?
klg eO/x]sf 5g . t/, o;sf afah't klg
cfzfltt ;'wf/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . csf{]tkm{
xfd|f] g]kfnL ;dfh k'?if k|wfg d'No /
dfGotfaf6 lgb{]lzt 5 . xfd|f ;fdflhs,
cfly{s / ;fF:s[lts d'No / ;+/rgfx?df
k'?ifx?s} af]njfnf 5 . h;n] ubf{ g]kfnL
;dfh cfh;Dd dlxnf d}qL aGg ;s]sf]
5}g . gLltut jf sfg'gLut?kdf s]xL ;'wf/
/ kl/jt{g eP klg ;dfhsf] tNnf] tx;Dd
jf kl/jf/sf] OsfO{;Dd pQm kl/j{tg k'Ug
;s]sf 5}gg .
5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] lje]b Go"gLs/0f jf
lgoGq0fsf nflu /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L
ta/af6 ljleGg k|of;x? eO/x]sf 5g .
t/, klg 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] lje]bn] g]kfnL
;dfhdf h/f ufl8/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ sltko
;dfh / If]qdf dlxnfx? of}g bf;tfaf6
u'h|g' kl//x]sf] 5 . cyf{t dlxnfx? Eff]usf]
;fwg dfq aGg lajz 5g . k/Dk/fut
lje]bsf sf/0f dlxnfx? lzIff, :jf:Yo /
;Lk ljsf; h:tf clt cfjZos dfgjLo
cfjZostfaf6 ;d]t al~rt x'g afWo 5g .
dlxnf dfly x'g] lje]bsf] l;nl;nf If]q,
ju{ / ;d'bfo cg';f/ km/skm/s klg 5g .
lo k[ystf / ;d:ofx?nfO{ klxrfg u/]/
dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;df hf]8 lbg ;lsof]
eg] dfq} n}lËs lx+;f jf dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/df Go"lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . d'nt
dlxnf a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf
nflu /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?n]
af]8{/ / cWofudg ljefudf ljz]if Wofg
lbO/x]sf] b]lvG5 . of] :jfefljs / Wofg
k'¥ofpg' kg{] ljifo g} xf] . t/ Pp6L
dlxnf bnfnsf] xftdf k/]/ s;/L ;Ldf
gfsf;Dd k'U5] eGg] tYonfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg]
;Ldf gfsf s8fO{ ub{}df ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg
x'g ;Sb}g . ul/jL, clzIff, r]tgf cefj /
kfl/jfl/s lx+;fsf sf/0f dlxnf, o'jtL jf
lszf]/Lx? ;Ldf gfsf;Dd k'lu/x]sf 5g .
hj;Dd dlxnfnfO{ cfly{s, dfgf]j}1flgs /
;fdflhs ?kdf cfTdlge{/ agfOb}g tj;Dd
dlxnf a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] lj?4df
pNn]Vo ;kmntfx? xfl;n x'g ;Sb}g .
g]kfnsf] dw]z If]q t'ngfTds?kdf dlxnf
jf 5f]/L k|lt a9L c;lxi0f' 5 . d"ntM bx]h
k|yf rsf{] ?kdf /x]sf sf/0f dw]zL ;dfhdf
5f]/Lk|lt ulDe/ lje]bx? ljBdfg 5g .
5f]/Lsf] ljjfx;Fu hf]l8Psf] s7f]/ cfly{s
ef/sf sf/0f cleefjsx? 5f]/Lsf] hGdnfO{
5f]/fsf] t'ngfdf ;xh ?kdf lng ;ls/x]sf
5}gg .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;Ldf lgu/fgLnfO{ cfkmgf]
sfo{sf] s]Gb|df /fv]sf] 5 . nnfO{ kmsfO{,
cfly{s k|nf]eg jf ljZjf;df k/]/ a]lrg
;Sg] r]nLsf] /Iffsf nflu g]kfnsf k|d'v
gfsfx?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn lqmofzLn 5 .
t/, l;df lgu/fgLn] dfq dfgj a]rlavg
tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f jf Go"lgs/0fdf
;kmntf xfl;n ug{ ;lsb}g eGg] dfGotfnfO{
cfTd;fy ub{} s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;d'bfo
:t/df dlxnfx?nfO{ cfTd lge{/ agfpg
tyf Ifdtf clej[4L ug{ ljleGg sfo{qmdx?
ub{} cfPsf] 5 .
k;f{ lhNnfdf klg lqmofzLn /x]sf] s]=cfO{=
g]kfn k;f{ zfvfn] dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf
ljsf;nfO{ dWogh/ ub{} ljleGg sfo{x?
ub{} cfPsf] 5 . lj/u+hnfO{ s]Gb| agfpFb}
cfkmgf] ultljlw ;+rfng ul//x]sf] s]=cfO{=
g]kfn k;f{ zfvfn] t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xsf]
gfddf dlxnf lxt / rf;f];Fu ;DalGwt
dlxnf ;d"x u7g u/]sf] 5 . t/fO{ cfdf
;d"xn] ;fdflhs kl/jt{gsf] nflu ljleGg
;dflhs ultljlwx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf]
5 . o; ;d"xn] ;/sf/L, u}x| ;/sf/L
;+3 ;+:yf l;=6L=O{=le=6L=, dlxnf tyf
jfnaflnsf sfo{no, g]kfn k|x/L, lhNnf
k|zf;g sfof{no, gu/kflnsf h:tf ;/f]
sf/jfnf lgsfo;Fu ;dGjo u/L cfod"ns
/ ;Lkd"ns tflndx? lbFb} cfPsf] 5 . bh{gf}
k6s ;+rfng ePsf o:tf tflndx?n]
xfn;Dd ! ;o &% hgf dlxnfx?nfO{
cfTdlge{/ x'g] af6f]df cu|;/ eO/x]sf 5g .
t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xn] Psn j[4f dlxnfx?nfO{
;Ddfg ug]{, 6f]n ;'wf/, ;/;kmfO{,
;dfhdf x'g] n}lËs lx+;fhGo lqmofsnfk
lj?4 k}/jL, dfl;s art / Joj;fo ug{
;'ne Jofhdf C0f nufgL h:tf sfo{x?
ul//x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L a]rlavgdf k/]sf
jf kfl/Psf dlxnfx?nfO{ Gofo lbnfpg
lhDd]jf/ lgsfox?;Fu ;dGjo ug{] sfg'gL
pkrf/sf] dfu{ k|;:t ug{] h:tf sfo{x? klg
t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xn] ul//x]sf] 5 .
o:tf sfo{x?n] yf]/} / ;fgf] If]qdf eP klg
dlxnf hfu/0f / clwsf/sf] If]qdf kl/jt{g
ug{÷u/fpg ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 .
dlxnf cfTdlge{/tf
a]rlavg lj?4sf] ;fy{s k|of;
dlxnf dfly x'g] lje]bsf] l;nl;nf If]q, ju{ / ;d'bfo cg';f/ km/skm/s klg 5g . lo k[ystf / ;d:ofx?nfO{
klxrfg u/]/ dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;df hf]8 lbg ;lsof] eg] dfq} n}lËs lx+;f jf dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/df Go"lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 .
14 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
15jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
;~rf/ dfWoddf s]=cfO{= g]kfn
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
16 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
k|sfzsM s]=cfO{= g]kfn, hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/, ;HhfM 6r lqmP;g k|f=ln=, afuahf/, sf7df8f}+, kmf]gM )!–$@!%$$*
d'b|sM j]i6g lk|lG6ª ;kf]6{ k|f=ln=,;fdfv';L,sf7df8f}+,df]= (*%!)%&!@(
zfvf sfof{nox¿
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
lj/f6gu/, df]/ª
kmf]g g+= )@!–$#%!^!÷(*)@^@!%^@
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
lj/+u~h, k;f{
kmf]g g+= )%!–%@^*(&÷(*)@^@!%^#
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
e/tk'/, lrtjg
kmf]g g+= )%^–%@*%^%, %@^)&!÷(*)@^@!%^$÷^%
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL
kmf]g g+= )&!–%@%$&$÷(*)@^@!%^&
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
s[i0fgu/, slknj:t'
kmf]g g+= )&^–%@)%&! ÷(*)@^@!%&!
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
g]kfnu~h, afFs]
kmf]g g+= )*!–%@#^%&÷(*)@^@!%*)
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
s]Gb|Lo sfof{no
hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/
kf]i6 aS; g+= &($*
kmf]g g+= M )!–%%###&*, )!–%%$@%#(
O{d]nM kinepal@gmail.com | Facebook Page: facebook/KI Nepal | Website: www. kinepal.org
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfo{qmd ;+rflnt lhNnfx¿
k"jf{~rn
dWodf~rn
klZrdf~rn
dWo klZrdf~rn
;'b"/ klZrdf~rn

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Cheli sandesh issue 4

  • 1. 1jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q March 2016 C H E L I S A N D E S H o; leq ljutdf g]kfnL r]nLx¿ ef/tsf] s]xL ;xsf ahf/df a]lrg afWo x'Gy] . 8]9 bzs cufl8af6 eg] vf8L d'n'sdf klg g]kfnL r]nLx¿ /f]huf/s] afxgfdf a]lrg yfn] . kl5Nnf] ;do t ckmuflg:yfg, l;l/of / O/fs h:tf d'n'sx? x'Fb} clk|msL d'n'sx?;Dd klg g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg yfn]sf 5g . o;sf] cy{ g]kfnsf] dfgj a]rlavgsf] ;jfn emg} k]lrnf] / uDeL/ aGb} uO/x]sf] 5 . /fHo tyf u}/ ;/sf/L tj/af6 yflnPsf ljleGg k|oTg, cleofg / sfo{qmdx?n] ef/tLo ahf/df x'g] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf s]xL ;'wf/x? b]lvPsf 5g . t/, cGo d'n'sx?df a9b} uPsf] a]rlavgsf] tLj|tfn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fdf yk r'gf}tL / hf]lvdx? ylkPsf 5g . dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/nfO{ lnP/ s7f]/ sfg"gL k|fjwfg klg lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . ljutdf h:tf] lkmtnf] sfg"gsf sf/0f ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t u/fpg ;lsPg eGg] cj:yf klg 5}g . dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df ;+nUgnfO{ @) jif{ h]n / @ nfv;Dd hl/jfgf x'g] :ki6 sfg"gL Joj:yf 5 . To;}u/L dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^$ / dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f lgodfjnL @)^% sfof{Gjogdf cfO;s]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf kl/;s]sfx?nfO{ k"g{:yflkt u/fpg] p2]Zon] k"g{:yfkgf s]Gb| ;+rfng lgb{]lzsf @)^* ;d]t nfu' eO;s]sf] 5 . /fHon] gLltut / ;+/rgfut?kdf dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ljleGg cjwf/0ff / of]hgfx? cufl8 ;fl//x]sf] 5 eg] ;of}+sf] ;ªVofdf u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx? dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df lqmofzLn 5g . csf{]tkm{ a]rlavgsf] ;a}eGbf hf]lvddf /x]sf dlxnf / afnaflnsfx?sf] ;'/Iff, Ifdtf clea[4L / cfTdlge{tf;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ;d'bfo :t/df ;+rflnt eO/x]sf 5g . o:tf sfo{qmdx?n] ;r]tgf / 1fgsf] If]qdf pNn]Vo ;'wf/ klg NofPsf 5g . ;"rgf / k|ljwLsf] a9bf] k|of]u / kFx'rn] dflg;sf] 1fgsf] bfo/fnfO{ klg lgs} km/flsnf] agfpFb} nu]sf] 5 . ljleGg cg';Gwfg / cWoogx?n] ;fIf/tf tyf z}lIfs If]qdf klg cfzf nfUbf] kl/jt{gnfO{ b]vfO/x]sf 5g . lgs} 5f]6f] ;dodf ePsf ljleGg /fhgLlts cfGbf]ng / kl/jt{gx?n] klg g]kfnL ;dfhsf] r]tgf :t/df 7"nf] ?kfGt/0f NofPsf] klg atfOG5 . t/, otL x'Fbfx'Fb} klg dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt ck/fwdf lsg Go"lgs/0f x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g < a]rlavgsf] ;jfn ljutsf] eGbf emg} hl6n lsg alg/x]sf] 5 < lsg g]kfnL dlxnf / afnaflnsfx? g]kfndf x/]s jif{ afx| xhf/ dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx? a]rlavgdf kg{] u/]sf 5g . s]= cfO{= g]kfnåf/f k|sflzt lsg 36b}g dfgj a]rlavg < »» s]=cfO{= g]kfn÷k[i7e"ld »» lsg 5'65g bf]ifL < »» Joj;foL aGb} r]nLx? »» hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6 km]l/of] »» /Ifs g} eIfs ePkl5 »» k|ljlw / dfgj a]rlavg »» a]b]lzPsL 5f]/Lsf] kq »» dlxnfsf ;d:of hxfFsf] ToxL »» cGt{jftf{ x|f; x'Fb} uPsf] g}lts d'No, :jtGqf eGbf klg :jR5Gb x'Fb} uPsf] ;dfh, cyf{]kfh{gsf] k|d'v ;|f]t aGb} uPsf] a}b]lzs /f]huf/L h:tf sf/0fx?n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df a[l4 eO/x]sf] 5 . clwsf/sdL{ df]xgf cG;f/L /fhgLlts g]t[Tj a]rlavg lj?4 gnfu'Gh]n o;sf] lgoGq0f jf Go"lgs/0f x'g ;d:of x'g] atfpFg'x'G5 . …/fhgLlts g]t[Tjn] dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 nfUg] O{R5fzlQm ha;Dd b]vfpFb}gg tj;Dd a]rlavg lj?4sf h:tf;'s} cleofg klg ;kmn gx'g]Ú cG;f/Lsf] bfjL 5 . a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ eO/x]sf 5g < ;g @))% df ul/Psf] Ps cWoog cg';f/ g]kfndf x/]s jif{ afx| xhf/ dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx? a]rlavgdf kg{] u/]sf 5g . x'g t of] bz jif{ cufl8sf] tYofÍ xf] . t/, x/]s lbg h;f] O/fs, l;l/of nufot clk|msL d'n'sx?;Fu hf]l8P/ cfpg] g]kfnL dfgj a]rlavgsf ;dfrf/x?nfO{ dWogh/ ubf{ of] tYofÍdf vf;} cGt/ g/x]sf] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . a? a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] gfddf a9b} uPsf] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf sf/0f o;sf] km}nfj6 / cfofddf a9f]Q/L x'Fb} uPsf] 5 . ljutdfdfgja]rlavgsfk5fl8ul/jL/clzIffnfO{ k|d'v sf/s tTjsf] ?kdf lnOGYof] . cfh klg dfgj a]rlavgsf k5fl8 ul/jL / clzIff g} dxTjk"0f{ sf/0fx? x'g . t/, k9]sf / a'em]sf elgPsfx? klg a]rlavgdf kg'{ tyf dWod jlu{o kl/jf/sf ;b:ox? klg a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ x'g'n] ul/jL / clzIffnfO{ dfq dfgj a]rlavgsf] sf/0f dfGg ;lsb}+g . cyf{t kl5Nnf] ;do eO/x]sf] dfgj a]rlavgdf ul/jL / clzIff dfq sf/0f xf]Ogg, cGo sf/0fx? klg ylkPsf 5g . h;sf] ef/t afx]ssf cGo d'n'sx?df x'g] a]rlavgdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf 5 . ul/jL, a]/f]huf/L, clzIff ;Fu;Fu} ljZjJofkLs/0fn] lgDTofPsf] pkef]ujfbL ;F:s[lt, kl/jf/ / ;dfhdf afFsL k[i7 # »
  • 2. 2 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ ljsf;f]Gd'v b]z g]kfndf dfq geO{ ljsl;t /fi6«x?df klg /x]sf] Ps ;+ul7t ck/fw xf] . b]zsf] ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;f+:s[lts kl/j]z cg';f/ dfgj a]rlavgsf] :j?k / cfofd km/s km/s /x]sf] kfOG5 . g]kfndf klgdfgja]rlavgtyfcf];f/k;f/sf];d:oflbgfg'lbggjLgtd cfofd ;lxt uDeL/ Pj+ hl6n r'gf}tLsf] ?kdf b]vfkl//x]sf] 5 . ljutdf g]kfnaf6 dlxnf tyf aflnsfx? ef/tsf 7"nf ;x/x?df Joj;flos of}g zf]if0f, dfgj cËk|Tof/f]k0f, ;/s; nufot cGo k|sf/sf >d zf]if0fsf nflu a]rlavg x'g] u/]sf]df o;sf] cfofddf kl/jt{g x'g yfn]sf] 5 . pbfx/0fsf nflu d'n'sleq} 3/]n' >d, dgf]/~hg If]q, pBf]u tyf snsf/vfgf >d tyf of}g zf]if0fsf nflu ljz]if u/L dlxnf / aflnsfx?sf] k|of]u eO/x]sf] 5 eg] ljZjsf ljleGg d'n'sx?df /f]huf/sf nflu uPsf g]kfnLx? >d zf]if0f tyf of}g zf]if0f k/L a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf 36gfx?af6 kLl8t÷k|efljt x'g] u/]sf] kfOG5 . kl5Nnf] 36gfn] ljb]zL gful/s;Fu j}jflxs ;DaGw uf:g] gfddf ;d]t dlxnf tyf lszf]/Lx?sf] a]rlavg a9g yfn]sf] 5 eg] ljleGg ;f+:s[lts÷;f+lults sfo{qmdsf] gfddf g]kfnL dlxnf tyf lszf]/Lx? ljleGg b]zx?df of}g zf]if0fdf k/sf] kfOG5 . @)&@ a}zfv !@ ut] uPsf] ljgf;sf/L e"sDksf sf/0f lj:yflkt eO{ cGoq c:yfO{ ?kdf a;f]af; ul//x]sf kl/jf/x?sf ;fy} e"sDk k|efljtx? dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] hf]lvddf kg]{ ;Defjgf a9]sf] x'Fbf o; k|fs[lts ljkbn] csf]{ r'gf}tL ylkPsf] 5 . g]kfn ;/sf/ nufot s]=cfO{=g]kfn / cGo u}/;/sf/L ;3+ ;+:yfx?n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] ck/fwnfO{ lg/fs/0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ;d'bfo:t/;Dd ;r]tgf a9fpg'sf ;fy} kLl8tx?sf] ;xfotfsf nflu ;]jf lj:tf/ u/]sf] 5 eg] kmf}hbf/L Gofo k|0ffnLdf ;d;fdlos ;'wf/ ub}{ nu]sf] 5 . sfg"glgdf{0f,/fli6«oof]hgfth'{df,/fli6«o:t/b]lv:yfgLo:t/;Dd ;+:yfut ;+/rgfx?sf] ljsf; u/L pgLx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf ;fy} o; cleofgdf /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o u}/;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yfx?;Fu s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ;dGjo / ;xsfo{ ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . ljgfzsf/L e"sDkn] NofPsf] hf]lvdnfO{ ;d]t Wofgdf /fvL pRr hf]lvddf k/]sf ;d'bfodf a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ x''gaf6 /f]Sg ;DalGwt ;a}sf] pRr lgu/fgL tyf ;xof]usf] cfjZos /x]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0fsf] If]qdf xft]dfnf] ug{ tof/ 5 . x/]s sfd ug{ tof/ 5 . bof/fd kf]v/]n cWoIf xfd|f] egfO{ 2 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 lkt[;QfTds;dfhsfsf/0fg]kfnLdlxnfx?n]ljleGgk|sf/sf]lx+;f em]Ng' kl//x]sf] 5 . dlxnf dfly x'g] 3/]n' tyf ;fdflhs lx+;f ;Fu;Fu} g]kfnL dlxnfx? ljleGg a}b]lzs d'n'sx?df a]lrg jf aGws aGg afWo 5g . ul/jL, clzIff / a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0f dlxnf a]rlavgsf] hf]lvd al9/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] ljklQsf sf/0f xfdLn] ef]lu/]x]sf] cfly{s hl6ntfn] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/nfO{ yk a[4L u/fpg] xf] ls eGg] lrGtf a9g' c:jefljs xf]Og . o;tkm{ /fHo ;Fu;Fu} ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] xft]dfnf] u/]/ cufl8 a9g'k5{ . ljz]ifu/L dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df g]kfndf w]/} ;fdflhs ;+:yfx? lqmofzLn 5g . h;n] dfgj a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f / lgoGq0fdf cx+d e"ldsf lgefO/x]sf 5g . s]= cfO{= g]kfn klg ljut Ps bzs b]lv dlxnf tyf afn–aflnsf lx+;fd"Qm ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{] cleofgdf lqmofzLn /x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfu]sf] 5 . ljleGg sf/0fn] kLl8t / k|efljt dlxnf lbbL–alxgLx?sf] k"g{:yfkgf / ;'/Iffdf yk k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfd ;+rf/ dfWodsf] uxg e'ldsf /xG5 . xfdLx? clxn] klg ;ªqmd0fsfn ef]lu/x]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ ul/jLsf /]vfd'lg 7"nf] hg;ªVofsf] lx:;f oBfjbL 5Fb}5 . o;/L x]bf{ xfdLn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f / Go"lgs/0fsf nflu lgs} nfdf] af6f] to ug{ afFsL g} 5 . l5d]sL d'n's ef/t;Fusf] v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdLn] pNn]Vo nfex? k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdL ljleGg hl6n ;d:ofx?sf] ;fdgf ug{ klg afWo 5f}+ . v'nf l;dfgfn] ubf{ g]kfnn] dfgj a]rlavgsf] 8/nfUbf] k|tf8gf em]ln/x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf ljleGg ;x/x?df g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg] qmd ljutdf cToGt} tLj| lyof] . ljuteGbf cfh s]xL lgolGqt b]lvP klg o;n] ;fy{s ;'wf/ k|fKt ul/;s]sf] 5}g . sf7df8f}b]lv b]zsf ljleGg ;Ldf gfsfx?df ;lqmo /x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] k|oTgaf6 w]/} g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 /f]lsg' uf}/jsf] ljifo xf] . csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}lu+s lx+;f k|efljtx?sf nflu k"g:yf{kgf, kl/jf/df k"g{ldng, Pj+ ;d'bfodf ;Lkd"ns sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{nfO{ efjL lbgx?df yk k|efsf/L agfpg] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ;r]tgf a9fpg] pb]Zosf ;fy s] cfO{ g]kfnn] ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ gfds a'n]l6g lg/Gt/ k|sflzt ul/x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5 . ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ :tl/o?kdf k|sflzt xf]; . o;n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu ;+rf/ jsfnt ug{] sfo{nfO{ emg} kl/:s[t / z;Qm agfcf]; eGb} z'esfdgf JoQm ug{ rfxG5' . O{lGb/f >]i7 -k|d'v dlxnf ljsf; clws[t_ dlxnf tyf jfnjfnLsf sfof{no lj/u+h, k;f{
  • 3. 3jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 3 lsg 36b}g== cG;f/L, /fhgLlts bnsf] cfly{s ;|f]t ;d]t bnfnx? aGg ;Sg] cj:yf ljBdfg /x]sfn] a]rlavgsf] ljifonfO{ /fhgLlts d'2f agfpg' kg{] atfpFg'x'G5 . dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleoGtf r/Ldfoftfdfªeg]cfjZostfcg';f/sf]k|zf;lgs ;xof]u k|fKt gx'Fbf dfgj a]rlavg Go"lgs/0fdf ;d:of k}bf ePsf] atfpFg'x'G5 . tfdfª eGg'x'G5 …sfg"g sfof{Gjog g} ;j}eGbf 7"nf] r'gf}tL xf] . jt{dfg sfg'gn] a]rlavgdf ;+nUgx?nfO{ s8f sf/jfxLsf] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . t/, ljljw sf/0fx?n] o;sf] k"0f{ sfof{Gjog x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . sfg'g sfof{Gjogdf hf]8 lbg] xf] eg] a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofgn] ult k|fKt ug{ ;S5 .Ú dfO{tL g]kfnsL ;"rgf clws[t lzjfgL r]Dhf]ª klg k|zf;lgs ;xof]u kof{Kt gePsf] atfpFg'x'G5 . k|zf;gn] b[9 O{R5fzlQm ;lxt a]rlavg lj?4 cleofg ;+rfng ug{] xf] eg] cem w]/} bnfnx? / dfgj a]rlavgsf] ;~hfnnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;Sg] r]Dhf]ªsf] bfjL 5 . dfgj a]rlavgsf] lj?4df lqmofzLn cleoGtfx? kl5Nnf] ;do a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf sf/0f a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofg emg} hl6n ePsf] atfpF5g . pgLx?sf cg';f/ a}b]lzs /f]huf/L ;Dj4 a]rlavgsf ck/fwx?df a]rlavg lj?4sf] sfg"gnfO{ cfslif{t ug{ ufx|f] eO/x]sf] 5 . sltko a]rlavg s} ck/fwx?df klg 7uL d'2f nufpg' kg{] cj:yf 5 . a}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|j4{g af]8{sf sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs /3'/fh sfkmn] a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf gfddf dfgj a]rlavg a9]sf] l:jsf{g'x'G5 . sfkmn]sf cg';f/ a}b]lzs /f]huf/sf gfddf x'g] a]rlavg b'O{ lsl;dn] x'Fb} cfPsf 5g . sfkmn] eGg'x'G5, …Psy/L ljz'4 a]rlavg ug{] lu/f]xn] ef/t x'Fb} t];|f] d'n's cf];f/k;f/ ul//x]sf 5g eg] csf{]y/Ln] cfwfl/sfl/s ;+oGqsf] dfWodaf6 lab]z n}hfg] u/]sf 5g . o;/L a}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf k7fpg]x?n] Ps b]z eg]/ csf{] b]zdf k7fpg], Pp6f sfd eg]/ csf{] sfddf nufpg] / ;DalGwt b]z leq Pp6f ;d'xn] csf{] ;d"xnfO{ a]Rg] sfo{ ul//x]sf 5g .Ú b]zsf] cy{tGq wfGg] k|d'v ;|f]t alg/x]sf] a}b]lzs /f]huf/L dfgj a]rlavgsf] dfWod aGg' lrGtfhgs ljifo ePsf] lgb{]zs sfkmn]sf] egfO{ 5 . k};f sdfpg h] klg ug'{k5{ eGg] dxTjsfIff+n] a]rlavg lgoGq0fnfO{ emg} s7Lg agfPsf] g]kfn k|x/Lsf] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;]nsf P;P;kL s[i0fk|;fb uf}td atfpFg'x'G5 . uf}tdsf cg';f/ a]rlavgdf k/]/ ljb]z k'u]sf] kLl8t ljb]zdf emg} kLl8t aGg' k5{ . ljb]zsf] h]ndf a:g'kbf{ / ljleGg tgfjx? em]Ng' kbf{ kLl8tsf] dgf]jn lgs} sdhf]/ aGg k'U5 . h;n] ubf{ b]z kmls{Pkl5 o:tf kLl8tx?n] sfg'gL n8fO{ n8g lxrlsrfpg] u/]sf] uf}tdsf] egfO{ 5 . l5d]sL d'n's ef/t;Fusf] v'nf ;Ldfgfsfsf sf/0f klg a]rlavgsf lu/f]x?nfO{ ;xh ePsf] hfgsf/x? atfpF5g . v'nf l;dfsf sf/0f ef/tLo ahf/x?df x'g] a]rlavg t 5Fb}5 5, csf{]tkm{ kl5Nnf] ;do ef/tLo af6f]nfO{ k|of]u u/]/ t];|f] 3 d'n'sdf klg dfgj a]rlavgn] ltj|tf kfO/x]sf] 5 . dlxnf afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfnosf k|jQmf gf/fo0fk|;fb sfkmn] v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f x'g] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fnfO{ cem} k|efsf/L agfpg g;lsPsf] atfpFg'x'G5 . k|jQmf sfkmn]sf cg';f/ v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f x'g] a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf nflu k|efsf/L ;dGjo cem} x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . slknj:t' lhNnfsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L cAb'n snfd vfg klg v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf ;d:of k}bf eO/x]sf] l:jsf{g'x'G5 . vfg eGg'x'G5 …d'Vo gfsfdf dfq a]rlavg lj?4sf] ultljwL s]lGb|t 5 . bnfnx?n] cGo ;fgf / rf]/L gfsfx? klg k|of]u ul//x]sf 5g .Ú afFs] lhNnfsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L /ljnfn kGysf] egfO{ klg slknj:t'sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L;Fu ldNbf] 5 . kGysf cg';f/ bnfnx?n] ;+:yfx?sf] lqmofzLntf ePsf] gfsfx¿ eGbf cGo gfsfx?sf] k|of]u ul/x]sf 5g . k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L kGy …/f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ gx'g' / ;dfhdf ljb]z hfg] nx8 rNg'n] klg a]rlavg lgoGq0f ug{ ufx|f] eO/x]sf]Ú atfpFg'x'G5 . afFs] lhNnfsf k|x/L pkl/Ifs 6]sk|;fb /fO{sf cg';f/ cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷)&@ df g]kfnu+hsf] hd'gfxf gfsfaf6 k|x/L / ljleGg ;+3;+:yfsf] ;xof]udf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf !$) hgf dlxnf, $% hgf aflnsf / !^ hgf afnsnfO{ p4f/ u/L 3/ lkmtf{ ul/Psf] 5 . pkl/Ifs /fO{ kfl/jfl/s c;Gt'ng, cfdf jf afa'sf] bf]:f|f] ljjfx tyf lszf]/sflns pd]/df k|bfg ug'{ kg{] lzIffsf] cefjn] klg a]rlavgnnfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg l;Ëf] dfgj ;d'bfosf nflu k]lrnf] d'2f xf] . t/, cNkljsl;t d'n'sx?sf nflu eg] a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f tyf lgoGq0f emg} hl6n d'2f alg/x]sf] 5 . ;dfhdf JofKt ul/jL / a]/f]huf/Ln] dfq xf]Og g}lts / hLjg d'Nodf cfPsf] x|f;n] klg a]rlavgnfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ ljZjJofkLs/0fsf] k|efjn] ;dfhdf a9b} uPsf] pkef]ujfbL k|j[QL klg dfgj a]rlavgsf nflu pj{/ e"dL eO/x]sf] 5 . ablnFbf] ;do / r'gf}tL cg'?k a]rlavg Go"lgs/0f jf lgoGq0fsf k|of;x? yflng' clt cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu cfjZos gLlt lgdf{0f / sfof{Gjogdf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] Wofg k'¥ofpg' h?/L b]lvG5 . qmdz k[i7 ! af6 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 3jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf ultljwLx¿ k|ltj]bg n]vg tflnddf ;xefuL sd{rf/Lx? ;g @)!^ sf nflu of]hgf th'{df ul/b} ;r]tgfd"ns ¥oflndf ;xeflutf gf/L lbj;df ;xefuL dlxnfx?
  • 4. 4 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;f cGTosf nflu lqmofzLn Ps u}x| ;/sf/L ;+:yf xf] . o;sf] :yfkgf ljqmd ;Djt @)^$ ;fndf ePsf] xf] . o;sf] s]Gb|Lo sfof{no hjfnfv]n, nlntk'/df /x]sf] 5 . s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ;Ldf lgu/fgL, k"g{M:yfkgf u[x tyf ;Lk ljsf; s]Gb| ;+rfng, :jf:Yo lzIff / hLljsf]kfh{g sfo{qmd, dlxnf ;d"x u7g tyf kl/rfng, r]tgf clej[l4 nufot ;d'bfosf cfwf/e"t cfjZostf kl/k"lt{sf nflu sfo{qmd ;+rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavgsf] cGTo / n}lËs lx+;fd'Qm ;dfhsf] :yfkgf ug]{ kl/sNkgfsf ;fy o;sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf] xf] . dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;f k|efljt jf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ ;+ul7t u/L ;Ddflgt / ;sf/fTds hLjgofkg ug{ ;Ifd agfpgsf nflu cfjZos 1fg / ;Lk k|bfg ug'{ ;+:yfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo xf] . cfly{s tyf ;dflhs cj:yf sdhf]/ ePsf / a]rlavg k|efljt r]nLx?sf] hLjg:t/df ;sf/fTds ;'wf/ Nofpg klg ;+:yf lqmofzLn 5 . n}lËs lx+;f / dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f ug{ kxn ug]{, dfgj a]rlavgaf6 k|efljt tyf a]rlavgsf] ;Defjgfdf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ p4f/ u/L k/fdz{ lbg] sfd ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 . ;d:ofdf k/]sf r]nL / dlxnfx?nfO{ kfl/jfl/s k'gld{ng / ;dflhs k"gM:yfkgfdf ;xof]u ug]{ / pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpgsf nflu ljleGg ;Lkd'ns / cfod"ns tflnd ;+rfng ug]{ sfd klg ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvdf /x]sf ;d'bfosf] z}lIfs, cfly{s, :jf:Yo / ;dflhs cj:yfdf ;'wf/ Nofpg ;xof]u ug]{, ;d'bfodf cflTds tyf g}lts lzIffdfkm{t ;dflhs ;befj clea[l4 ug]{ h:tf sfo{x?nfO{ klg ;+:yfn] lg/Gt/tf lbO/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf nflu cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu ;xsfo{, ;dGjo / k}/jL ug]{ h:tf sfo{x?nfO{ klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] pRr k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ^ j6f lhNnfx¿Dff zfvf sfo{fnox¿ lj:tf/ u/L !% j6f lhNnfx?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn÷k[i7e"ldM lqmoflzn eO{ dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 ljleGg cleofgx? ;+rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;'/lIft cfjf; u[x ;+rfng u/L a]rlavgaf6 kLl8t tyf k|efljtx?nfO{ k"g{M:yfkgf tyf k"g{PsLs/0fsf] sfo{qmdx? klg cleofgsf] ?kdf ;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . o;}qmddf s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfGtl/s ?kdf laz]if u/L 8fG;af/, Soflag /]i6'/]i6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf If]qx?df bf;Tjk'0f{ hLjg latfO/x]sf dlxnf tyf aflnsfx?sf] p4f/, k"gM:yf{kgf / pgLx?sf] j}slNks lzIff / Ifdtfsf] klxrfg u/L j}slNks k]zf, Joj;fodf nufpg k|f]T;fxg u/fpg] p2]Zon] …gofF hLjgÚ sfo{qmd klg hf/L /fv]sf] 5 . ljz]if u/L !* jif{ eGbf d'lgsf aflnsfx?nfO{ 8fG;af/, Soflag /]i6'/]06, d;fh kfn{/, e§Lk;n, xf]6n, 3/]n' >lds, un}rf dhb'/, O66f e66f h:tf hf]lvdk"0f{ If]qaf6 p4f/ u/L cfTdlge{/ agfpg] ;fy} ahf/df ;lhn};Fu lgof{t x'g] l;k / /f]huf/Lsf] vf]h u/L pQm /f]huf/L / ;Lksf] ;[hgf ug]{ nufotsf of]hgf /x]sf] 5 . kbdk'/–lrtjg, a]lgdlgk'/–gjnk/f;L, b]jbx– ?kGb]xL, / a'¢afl6sf–slknj:t'df ;+:yfn] r]nL kl/of]hgf ;+rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . kl/of]hgf cGtu{t $^ r]nL ;d"x :yfkgf ul/Psf 5g eg] ! xhf/ # ;o (% r]nLx? cfj4 ePsf 5g . s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] g]kfn ef/tsf d'Vo d'Vo gfsfx? df]/ª, k;f{, lrtjg, ?kGb]xL, slknj:t' / afFs]df ;"rgf tyf k/fdz{ s]Gb| ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 . k}bn, ;fOsn, l/S;f tyf cGo dfWodaf6 ef/ttkm{ hfg] ofqLx?nfO{ ;'/lIft :yfgfGt/0f ug]{ Pj+ dfgj a]rlavg, Pr= cfO{= le= P8; nufotsf of}ghGo /f]ux?sf laifodf ;"rgf tyf k/fdz{ ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;+rfng u/]sf ;[hgfTds, ;Lkd'ns / cfod'ns sfd lgs} kmnbfoL b]lvPsf 5g . vf;u/L dlxnfx?nfO{ nlIft u/L ;+rfng ul/Psf l;nfO{s6fO{, sk8fdf a'§f eg]{, ;xsf/L ;+:yf :yfkgf nufotsf sfd pbfx/0fLo ag]sf 5g . o:tf sfdn] dlxnfx?sf] cfTdljZjf; a9g], pgLx?sf] cfly{s cj:yfdf ;'wf/ cfpg] / unt JolQmsf] axsfpdf gnfUg] aGg ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5 . ;Lk l;s]/ cfo cfh{g ;lhnf] ePkl5 b]x Jofkf/ h:tf] lgs[i6 sfd Tofu]/ ;fdfGo kfl/jfl/s hLjg latfpg pgLx? ;Ifd ePsf y'k|} pbfx/0f 5g . ?kGb]xLsf] v}/]gLdf ;+rflnt r]nL s[ifL ;xsf/L ;+:yfn] ;+:yfsf ;b:o;lxt :yfgLo dlxnfx?sf] ;dflhs tyf cfly{s pGgtLdf 7"nf] d2t k'¥ofPsf] 5 . r]nL s[ifL ;xsf/L h:t} ?kGb]xL / cGo lhNnfdf klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] kxndf ;xsf/L ;+:yf ;+rfng ul/Psf 5g . tL ;a}n] ;d:ofdf k/]sf dlxnfx?sf] :t/ pGgtLdf s]lGb|t eP/ sfd ul//x]sf 5g . o:tf ;xsf/Laf6 ;j{;'ne d"Nodf C0f lnO{ pgLx?n] t/sf/L v]tL, l;nfO{ a'gfO{, xft]s8fO{ nufotsf sfd ul/x]sf 5g . o:t}, lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df s]= cfO{= g]kfnåf/f ;+rflnt ljleGg ;Lkd'ns tyf cfod'ns tflndn] cfkm"x?sf] Ifdtf clej[l4 x'g'sf ;fy} ;dflhs / cfly{s ;'b[9Ls/0fdf ;d]t d2t k'u]sf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df k"g{M:yfkgf s]Gb| ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 . s]Gb|df /x]sf r]nLx?sf] ?rL / Ifdtf cg';f/ l;nfO{ a'gfO{, Jo'6Lkfn{g/, xft]s8fO{ h:tf cfod'ns ;Lk k|bfg ul//x]sf] 5 . o:t}, a]rlavg / lx+;f k|efljt dlxnfx?nfO{ nlIft u/]/ nlntk'/df cfjf;Lo ;Lk ljsf; tflnd s]Gb| ;+rfng ul/Psf 5g . s]]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;d:ofs]f ;|f]tdf g} xn ug]{ sf]lz; ul//x]sf] 5 . lszf]/L tyf gf/L ;d"x u7g, r]tgf clej[l4, ;d'bfosf cTofjZos ;'ljwf h:t} :jf:Yo, vfg]kfgL, zf}rfno lgdf{0f, cfo cfh{gdf a[l4 x'g] sfo{qmd ;+rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . dlxnfx?nfO{ ;Ddflgt hLjg lhpg ;Ifd agfpg] p2]Zon] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{qmdx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] / eljiodf yk ;|f]t ;fwg h'6fO{ cem lj:tf/ ug]{ nIo lnPsf] 5 . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ n}lËs lx+;f / dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f ug{ kxn ug]{, dfgj a]rlavgaf6 k|efljt tyf a]rlavgsf] ;Defjgfdf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ p2f/ u/L, k/fdz{ lbg] sfd ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf] 5 . 4 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
  • 5. 5jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 lsg 5'65g bf]ifL < æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ s];/ ljZjsdf{ lhNnf ;+of]hs -s[i0fgu/, slknj:t'_ 5jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 gful/sn] /fHonfO{ s/ lsg lt5{ < /fHon] lgwf{/0f u/]sf gLlt lgodsf] kl/wLdf cfd gful/sx? lsg afFlwG5g < lsg /fHon] lgb{]z u/]sf d'Nox?nfO{ cfd gful/sn] cIf/; kfngf ug'{k5{ < lo k|Zgx?sf] ;/n pQ/ 5, /fHo cfd gful/ssf] ;+/Ifs xf] . /fHon] cfd gful/ssf] ;'v, ;'ljwf / Gofosf nflu cfkm"nfO{ ;dlk{t u/]sf] x'G5 . t/, /fHo ;+oGq g} gful/sk|lt lhDd]jf/ ePg eg] s] x'G5 < gful/snfO{ Gofosf] k|Tofe"lt u/fpg] /fHon] g} cGofo u¥of] eg] s] x'G5 < ;'/Iff lbg' kg{] /fHon] g} c;'/Iffsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf u/fof] eg] s] x'G5 < o;sf] pQ/ eg] TotL ;xh 5}g . /fHok|lt l;lh{t gful/ssf] ljt[i0ffn] s:tf] cj:yf lgdf{0f x'G5 < /fHok|ltsf] cljZjf;n] lgDTofpg] kl/0ffdx? s:tf x'G5g < o;} eGg ;lsGg . d $ jif{b]lv dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofgfsf ;lqmotf k"j{s lqmofzLn 5' . s]= cfO{= g]kfn dfkm{t dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lj?4sf] cleofgdf ;xefuL x'Fbf ljleGg ljlrq nfUbf 36gfsf] ;fIfL ePsf] 5' eg] cg]sf} si6k"0f{ cg'ejnfO{ cg'e"t ug{ kfPsf] 5' . dfgj a]rlavg cGt/f{li6«o If]qs} r'gf}tL xf] . dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 l;ªuf] ljZj g} df]rf{j4 5 . o;n] s] :ki6 kf5{ eg] dfgj a]rlavgsf] cfofd / cfotg klg lgs} km/flsnf] 5 . t;y{ dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 lqmofzLn x'g' cfkm}+df hf]lvdk"0f{ sfo{ xf] . dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 lqmofzLn eO/xbf slxn]sfFxL hLpHofgs} hf]lvd df]Ng' kg{] x'G5 . s7f]/ ;+3if{ / hf]lvd df]Nb} ck/fwLnfO{ sfg"gsf] s73/f;Dd k'¥ofpg ;lsG5 . 7"nf] oTg, d]xgt / k|of;af6 sfg'gsf] xftdf k'u]sf] ck/fwLnfO{ ;DalGwt lgsfon] plrt sf/jfxL gul/lbFbf lg/f; klg aGg' kbf{] /x]5 . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;b:osf] ?kdf sfd ubf{ d}n] o:t} Pp6f 36gfsf] ;fIfL a:g' k¥of] . !% jif{] aflnsfnfO{ ef/tLo j]Zofno;Dd k'¥ofpg] ck/fwLnfO{ xfdLn] 7"nf] k|of; u/]/ sfg'gsf] s73/fdf k'¥ofof}+ . TotL dfq xf]Og ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t / kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbnfpg Gofono;Dd k'Uof}+ / o;aLrdf cfjZos kg{] ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL pkrf/sf ljwL / k|lqmofdf ;fd]n eof}+ . t/, cbfntaf6 Gofof]lrt lg0f{o x'g g;s]sf] dx;'; ug{ xfdL afWo eof}+ . o;sf] cy{ d}n] ;Ddflgt cbfnttkm{ cljZjf; jf c;bf;fotf /fVg vf]h]sf] xf]Og . t/, cfFv} cufl8 cfkm"n] b]v]sf] / ef]u]sf] cGofo lj?4 cbfntn] plrt lg0f{o gul/lbFbf kLl8tn] s;/L Gofo kfp5g eGg] z+sf nfu]sf] xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhdf k|rlnt pvfg 7"nfnfO{ r}g / ;fgfnfO{ P]gaf6 xfd|f] Gofono cem} d'Qm x'g g;s]sf] xf] ls eGg] cfefif ePsf] xf] . of] rf/ jif{] ofqfsf qmddf xfdL;Fu s]xL ;'vb cg'ejx? klg gePsf xf]Ogg . la/f6gu/ emfkf / slknj:t' lhNnfsf * j6f s];x?nfO{ g]kfn k|x/Lsf] ;xfotfdf ;Ddflgt cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofof}+ . dfgj a]rlavgdf ;+nUg cleo'Qmx? cl:ag a?jfn, pd]z rf}w/L, ;Demgf a];x/f, l/tf ltjf/L, lutf cf]emf, O{dfg x';]g, ld/f tfdfË, c?0ff yfkf, ;Ldf du/, o'j/fh a'/fufO{ / cg'k u'?Ë nufotnfO{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ P]g @)^$ cGtu{t d'2f btf{ ug{ ;kmn eof}+ . clwsf+; cleo'Qmx?n] sfg'gL b08 ;d]t kfP . t/ emfkf lhNnfdf xfdLn] btf{ u/fPsf] d'2fsf] km};nfn] eg] lgs} g} ddf{xt agfPsf] 5 . b'O{ jif{ cufl8 Ps !% jifL{o aflnsfnfO{ lutf cf]emf / l/tf ltjf/Ln] nnfO{ kmsfO{ lbNnLsf] j]Zofno ;Dd k'¥ofP . ljZjf; / e/f];fsf sf/0f lbNnLdf a]lrg afWo aflnsfn] em08} 8]9 jif{ lbNnLdf gf/sLo hLjg ef]Ug afWo eOg . afnclwsf/nfO{ pkef]u ug{ kfpg] pd]/df of}g plTk8g lx+;f em]Ng afWo x'g' cfkm}+df sxfnL nfUbf] cj:yf lyof] . s7f]/ cdfgjLo b}lgsL u'hfb{} u/]sL aflnsf 7"nf] ;+3if{ kZrft lbNnLsf] j]Zofnoaf6 pDsg ;kmn eOg . uf]8fdf rKkn ;d]t gnufPsf] cj:yfdf pgL g]kfn cfOk'lug . g]kfn cfg] qmddf pgL s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;Dks{df cfOg / ;+/If0f kfOg . pgsf] zf/Ll/s dfq xf]Og dfgl;s cj:yf klg lgs} hl6n lyof] . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;+/If0fdf pgsf] zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s pkrf/ ul/of] . lj:tf/} ;fdfGo hLjgtkm{ cu|;/ x'Fb} uPkl5 pgn] k'g{MhLjgsf] dx;'; ug{ yflng . lbNnLdf cfkm"n] ef]u]sf oftgfnfO{ lal;{P/ pgL gofF hLjgtkm{ cfzfjfbL x'Fb} uOg . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;+/If0fdf cfkm"nfO{ k"0f{ :j:Yo dx;'; u/]kl5 pgn] 3/ hfGg] O{R5f /flvg / cleefjsnfO{ lhDdf nufP/ xfdLn] 3/ k7fof}+ . cfkm"nfO{ lbNnL;Dd k'¥ofP/ gf/sLo hLjg lhpg afWo kfg{] ck/fwLx?nfO{ sfg'gL s73/f;Ddk'¥ofpg];+sNkpgn]lnO5g.h;sf] va/ xfdLnfO{ k|fKt eof] / kl/jf/n] cfjZos ;xof]usf] nflu cfu|x u¥of] . cflv/ xfdLx? dfgj a]rlavg cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f tyf Go"gLs/0f s} nflu lqmofzLn lyof}+ . To;dfly Ps !% jifL{of aflnsfn] cfkm" dfly ePsf] cGofo lj?4 n8g ;xof]usf] ck]Iff u/]kl5 xfdLn] ;xof]u gug{] s'/} lyPg . ;f]xL cg'?k s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] ;xof]u ug{] / To;sf nflu cfpg ;Sg] ;a}vfn] r'gf}ltsf] ;fdfg ug]{ lg0f{o u¥of] . tTsfnLg cj:yfdf d s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] lj/f6gu/ zfvfdf sfo{/t lyPF . kL8snfO{ ;dfTgsf nflu kLl8t kl/jf/, s]=cfO{=g]kfn/k|x/Lk|zf;gtLgkIfa;]/Pp6f of]hgf agfof}+ . of]hgf cg'?k kLl8t aflnsfn] cfkm"nfO{ lbNnL k'¥ofpg] dlxnfnfO{ cfkm" km]l/ ef/t hfg rfx]sf] va/ ul/g . dlxnfn] aflnsfnfO{ sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ af]nfOg . of]hgf cg'?k kLl8t aflnsf cfkmgL km"k'nfO{ lnP/ sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ k'lug . kL8snfO{ ;dfTgsf nflu % hgf k|x/Lx? l;len 8«];df kl/rflnt eP eg] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] l6d klg sfFs/le§f a;kfs{ k'Uof] . dlxnf af]nfPsf] ;dodf a;kfs{df cfOgg . sl/j tLg 306f;Dd slxn] s'g7fpFdf t slxn] s'g 7fpFdf /x]sf] eg]/ 9fF6L /lxg . cGTodf aflnsfn] cfkm" dfq a;kfs{df cfPsf] / gcfpg] eP cfkm" kms{g nfu]sf] atfPkl5 lgh dlxnf /flt !) ah] sfFs/le§f a;kfs{df cfO{ k'lug . k|x/Ln] pgnfO{ tTsfn lgoGq0fdf lnof] . kqmfp k/]sL dlxnf / kLl8tsf] aofgsf] cfwf/df k|x/Ln] !% lbgkl5 bds lgjf;L lutf cf]emfnfO{ klg kqmfp u¥of] / O{nfsf k|x/L sfo{no bdsaf6 sfg"gL k|lqmof ;'? eof] . cbfntn] kLl8t aflnsf;Fu klg aofg lnof] . aflnsfn] cfkm"n] ef]u]sf ;Dk"0f{ 36gfx? ;Ddflgt cbfnt ;fd' atfOg . pgn] cfkm"n] ef]u]sf oftgfx? atfpFbf cbfntdf pkl:yt ;j} hgf efj's ePsf lyP . t/ b'ef{Uo cbfntn] kqmfp k/]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ lgbf]{if 7x/ u/L ;kmfO{ lbof] . :jefljs xf] cbfntdf btf{ ePsf ;a} d'2fx?df ;f]r] h:tf] kl/0ffd cfpFb}gg . t/, xfdLn] ;Ddflgt cbftnaf6 o:tf] lg0f{osf] ck]Iff u/]sf lyPgf}+ . cflv/ Gofo, Gofofnon] g} lbg] xf] . h; cGtu{t pQm d'4f k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf nluPsf] 5 / Gofofnoaf6 Gofo kfpg] cfzf cem} hLljt 5 . cfzf u/f}+ !% jif{] cjf]w aflnsfnfO{ a]Rg] cleo'Qmx? sfg"gL s73/fdf k'Ug]5g / aflnsfn] Gofo kfpg]l5g . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 6. 6 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 slknj:t'df s]=cfO{= g]kfn :yfkgfsf] jif{df g} s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] slknj:t' lhNnfl:yt s[i0fgu/df zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf u/]sf] xf] . slknj:t' lhNnfdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ug'{sf k5fl8 g]kfn tyf ef/tsf] ;Ldf gfsf x'g' / ljleGg tYofs+x?n] n}lËs lx+;f slknj:t' lhNnfdf pRr b]vfpg' h:tf sf/0fx? lyP . lsgls s]=cfO{= g]kfn dfgj cf];f/k;f/ tyf a]rlavg lgoGq0f / Go'gLs/0fsf nflu lqmofzLn ;+:yf xf] . d"ntM g]kfndf dlxnf / afnaflnsfx? a]rlavgsf] lzsf/ x'Fb} cfPsf] ;Gbe{df slknj:t' lhNnfdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ug{ ;lsof] eg] a]rlavg Go'gLs/0fdf 7"nf] ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;lsG5 eGg] ljZjf; lyof] . ;f]xL cg'?k ;Ldf gfsf lgu/fgL / r]nLx?;Fu ;DalGwt hgr]tgf sfo{qmd …;]km xf]d lqmofsnfkÚ, …k/fdz{ tyf p2f/ sfo{qmdÚ, …;Lk tyf cfod"ns sfo{qmdÚ, …lzIff sfo{qmdÚ, …dlxnfsf nflu jsfntÚ h:tf sfo{qmdx? o; zfvf sfof{noaf6 ;~rfng eO/x]sf 5g . s[i0fgu/ zfvfsf] ;g @)!% sf] tYofs+nfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] ljleGg dxTjk"0f{ sfo{x? ePsf 5g . ;g @)!% df # xhf/ * ;o r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ ;]jf k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 eg] ljleGg sf/0faf6 ;Ldfgfsf;Dd cfPsf jf 3/]n' lx+;fsf] lzsf/ ePsf %@ hgf r]nLx?nfO{ 3/ kmsf{OPsf] 5 eg] hf]lvddf /x]sf #^ r]nLx?nfO{ k|x/Lsf] lhDdf nufOPsf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ ;+/If0f cfjZos /x]sf ;ft hgf r]nLx? k|x/Ldfkm{t ;+:yf;Dd cfPsf 5g . To;}u/L ^ hgf r]nLx?nfO{ …;]km xf]dÚ sfo{qmd cGtu{t ;]km xf]ddf k7fOPsf] 5 eg] dfgj a]rlavg ;DaGwL # j6f 36gfnfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofPsf] 5 . :yfgLo:t/df ;dGjo a}7s, ;Ldfkf/L ef/tLo ;'/Iff lgsfo / ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yf;Fu ;dGjofTds sfo{ nufotsf sfo{x? s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfaf6 x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"gLs/0f s'g} Ps ;+:yfsf] k|oTgaf6 dfq ;Dej x'g] ljifo xf]Og . o;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] PsLs[t k|of; ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;tkm{ klg s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] oy]i7 Wofg k'¥ofPsf] 5 . ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] aLrdf cfjZos ;dGjo / ;Dks{nfO{ plQs} Wofg lbPsf] 5 eg] ;~rf/, ;fdflhs ;+3 ;+:yfx? / gful/s ;dfh;Fusf] ;xsfo{nfO{ tLj|tf lbO/x]sf] 5 . r'gf}tLx? M s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] dfgj a]rlavg Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf] ;jfndf ljz]ifu/L l;df lgu/fgLnfO{ pRr dxTj lb+b} cfPsf] 5 . t/, ablnbf] ;do / ;"rgfk|ljlwsf] a9bf] kx'Frsf sf/0f dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt bnfnx?n] ckgfpg] gofFgofF tf}/tl/sfsf sf/0f ;Ldf gfsf lgu/fgLdf yk r'gf}tLx? ylkO/x]sf 5g . csf]{tkm{ ;Lldt ;|f]t / ;fwgsf] aLrdf a]rlavgdf /x]sf ;f+u7lgs lu/f]xx?;Fu k|lt/f]w ug'{ klg ;+:yfsf nflu r'gf}tL eO/x]sf] 5 . lxhf]cfh a'6jn / kf]v/faf6 /fqL a;x? l;w} lbNnL hfG5g . a'6jn / kf]v/faf6 cfPsf pQm a;x? (M#) ah] s[i0fgu/ cfOk'U5g . /ftLsf] ;dodf r]shfFr ug{ lgs} ckm7]/f] x'g] u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L v'Nnf gfsf w]/} ePsfn] …se/]h Pl/ofÚ 7"nf] x'g' t/ hgzlQm sd x'g'sf] sf/0fn] klg ;d:of k}bf eO{/x]sf 5g . a]nfa]nfdf x'g] aGbx8tfn h:tf sfo{x?n] klg sfdnfO{ tLj|tf lbg sl7g eO/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ larf}lnofx?sf] k|efjdf k/]/ :jo+ cfdfa'afx? g} 5f]/LnfO{ 5'6fpg af]8{/;Dd cfpg] u/]sf 36gfx?df a9f]Q/L x'g'n] ubf{ larf}lnof jf bnfnx?nfO{ klxNofpg d'l:sn eO/x]sf] 5 . oL/o:tfr'gf}tLx?sfaLrdfklgs]=cfO{=g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] ljleGg sfo{qmdx?nfO{ cufl8a9fO/x]sf]5.ljif]zu/Ldlxnf;d"xx?df k'u]/ dfgj a]rlavgsf ljifodf ;r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmdx? ul/b} cfPsf 5g eg] dlxnfx?sf] cfocfh{g j[l4sf nflu ljleGg tflndx? klg lbg] ul/G5 . ;'/Iff lgsfox?;Fu ldn]/ ;Ldf gfsfdf ul/g] df]jfOn 8o'6L, anfTsf/ tyf n}lËs lx+;f Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu lhNnf:t/Lo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf aLrdf sfo{zfnf, ;Ldfkf/L ef/tLo ;+3 ;+:yf tyf ;'/Iff lgsfox?n] u/]sf dfgj clwsf/ jf dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt sfo{qmdx?df ;xeflutf gu/kflnsf tyf j8fx?df dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf sld6Lx? u7g nufotsf sfo{x?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] lqmofzLntf b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] slknj:t' zfvfsf] ;lqmotfdf btf{ ePsf] dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt d'2fx?df cleo'Qm rGb|axfb'/ lh;LnfO{ @)&@ ;fn c;f/ # ut] !% jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5 eg] sltko ;"rgf / tYox? k|x/L;Dd k'¥ofP/ ck/fwLx?sf] vf]hLsfo{ ;d]t x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . cGt/f{li6«o gf/L lbj; xf]; jf dlxnf clwsf/;Fu ;DalGwt jsfntsf ;Gbe{x? x'g oL / o:tf ljifox?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] cfkm"nfO{ ;s];Dd ;zQm ?kdf pEofpFb} cfPsf] 5 . @)&@ ;fn j}zfvdf uPsf] ljgfzsf/L e"sDksf sf/0f l;lh{t eofjx cj:yfdf slknj:t' zfvfn] /fxt ;fdfu|Lx?sf] ;+snt ;Fu;Fu} ljt/0f / p2f/ sfo{df klg ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu xft]dfnf] u/]sf] lyof] . ;Ldfkf/L P;P;jLn] u/]sf] ljgfzsf/L e"sDk kLl8tx?sf nflu /fxt ;+sng sfo{ xf]; jf ;z:q k|x/L an SofDkn] u/]sf] /fxt ;+sng sfo{ xf]; jf :jt:km"t{ ?kdf :jo+ ;+:yf / ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] u/]sf] /fxt / p4f/;Fu ;DalGwt sfo{ g} lsg gxf]; s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkm"n] EofP;Dd pkl:ylt hgfpFb} cfPsf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go'gLs/0fsf] d'2fnfO{ ;dfhsf] tNnf] tx;Dd k'¥ofpg] clek|fon] s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] gjf}+ dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] lbj;sf] ;Gbe{ kf/]/ tLh uLt k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf u/]sf] lyof] . a'4afl6sf gu/kflnsfsf] l6Ss/df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf] pkl:ylt lyof] eg] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] u7g u/]sf] !$ j6f r]nL ;d"x?dWo] !) j6f r]nL ;d"xx?n] efu lnPsf lyP . cEof; / lqmofzLntfsf aLraf6 g} cg'ejx? g} lgdf{0f x'G5g . k|fKt cg'ejx?nfO{ 6]s]/ g} yk gofF pknlAwx? xfl;n x'g] x'g . s'g} klg sfo{ r'gf}tL ljxLg x'Fb}g / s'g} klg sfo{sf] clGtd k"0f{tf x'Fb}g . s]=cfO{= g]kfn slknj:t' zfvfn] u/]sf sfo{x? klg k|of]u, l;sfO{ / cg'ejaf6 u'lh|/x]sf 5g . t/, dfgj a]rlavg h:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{ h/}b]lv pv]n]/ kmfNg] ;+sNk ;lxt s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] slknj:t' zfvf ;b}j lqmofzLn /xg]5 . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 6 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016
  • 7. 7jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 cfTdflge{/ aGb} r]nLx? Psflaxfg} p7of] . s]xL af;L vfg]s'/f 5 eg] vfof] . obL 5}g eg] gfDnf] / xFl;of af]s]/ jglt/ lx8of] . jgaf6 cfPkl5 klg vfgf vfg] lalQs} v]tdf sfd ug{ lxl8xfNof] . ;Fw} oxL tflnsfdf afFs] l:yt kmQ]k'/sf rf}w/L r]nLx?sf] b}lgsL laTb} lyof] . t/, clxn] kmQ]k'/sf s]xL rf}w/L r]nLx?sf] b}lgsL eg] k"/} ablnPsf] 5 . of] b}lgsL abNg ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5, kmQ]k'/d} ;+rfng ul/Psf] ;+o'Qm l;nfO{s6fO{ Joj;fon] . of] b}lgsL kl/jt{gsf k5fl8 Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ ;+of]u lhDd]jf/ 5 . h;n] b}lgs 3fF;—bfp/f / s[ifL sd{df Jo:t x'g] r]nLx?nfO{ ;+o'Qm Joj;foL aGg clek|]l/t u¥of] . cf};t ?kdf cGo ;d'bfo eGbf rf}w/L -yf?_ ;d'bfosf] kl/jf/ 7"nf] x'G5 . ;+uf]n d} a:g] k/Dk/fsf sf/0f Pp6f kl/jf/df @) b]lv $)÷%) hgf ;Dd ;b:ox? x'G5g . 7"nf] kl/jf/ ;ªVofsf sf/0f dlxnfx?n] 3/fo;L sfdaf6 km';{b kfpFb}gg . csf{]tkm{ cfkmgf] hUuf hldg sd ePsf kl/jf/sf dlxnf ;b:ox? c?sf] hldgdf a§}of jf >d ug{ ;d]t hfg' k5{ . lo / o:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ rf}w/L ;d'bfosf 5f]/L r]nLx?n] :s'n] k9fO{ k"/f ug{ kfpFb}gg . lszf]/L pd]/af6} sfdsfhdf Jo:t x'g'k5{ . kmQ]k'/s} !^ jif{sL ;/ud, !% jif{sL ;fljqL / !% jif{ s} lg:df ldNg] ;fyLx? x'g . pgLx?sf] of] pd]/ k9g] pd]/ xf] . t/, pgLx?n] ljBfnosf] k9fO{ 5fl8;s]sf 5g . pgLx?n] d'l:snn] % b]lv & sIff;Dd ljBfno b]v]sf 5g . 3/fo;L sfdsfh g} pgLx?sf] b}lgsL alg/x]sf] 5 . pd]/ k|bQ :jefj cg';f/ lh1f;f, ;'vsf] vf]h / ;'ljwfo'Qm lhjgofkgsf] cfz ;/ud, ;fljqL / lg:dfdf klg 5 . b}lgs s[ifL sd{;Fu hf]l8P/ Jo:t aGg'kbf{ st} uP/ hflu/ vfg] / k};f sdfpg] sNkgf / of]hgf klg pgLx? agfpg] u5{g . ;/udsf legfh' /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf ef/tlt/ a:g] u5{g . ef/tdf hflu/ vfg] legfh';Fu} hfg kfP cfkm"x?n] klg hflu/ vfg] / ;'vL lhGbuL latfpg kfOg] eGb} ;/ud nufot ;fjqL / lg:dfn] cfkm"x?nfO{ klg ef/t n}hfg k6sk6s cfu|x ub{} cfPsf lyP . t/, legfh'n] pgLx?sf] cfu|xnfO{ w]/} k6s OGsf/ u/] . Psk6s legfh' 3/ cfPsf] a]nfdf ;/udn] ef/t n}hfg lh4L ul/g . w]/} k6s ef/t hfg] O{R5f u/]sf ;fnLx?nfO{ o;k6s eg] legfh' ef/t n}hfg ;xdt eP . legfh';Fu} ;/ud, ;fljqL / lg:df ef/t hfg eg]/ kmQ]k'/af6 uf8L r9] / g]kfnu~h cfOk'u] . g]kfnu~haf6 ef/t hfgsf] nflu ;kmntfsf] syf æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 7jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 hd'gxf gfsftkm{ l/S;fdf hfFb} ubf{ rf/} hgfnfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;Ldf lgu/fgL ul//x]sf sd{rf/Lx?n] ;f]wk'5 u/] . tLg hgf lszf]/Lx?;Fu Ps hgf o'js ef/ttkm{ hfg nfu]sf] e]6]kl5 ;Ldf lgu/fgLsf cfj4 sd{rf/Lx?n] ;f]wk'5 ug'{ :jefljs lyof] . legfh'n] s'g} em'6 af]n]gg, ePsf] ;xL ;To a]lnla:tf/ nufP . a? tLg hgf r]nLx?n] eg] 9fF6g] k|of; u/] . pgLx?n] cfkm"x? lsgd]nsf nflu ef/tLo ahf/ hfg nfu]sf] atfP . oyfy{ s'/f a'em]kl5 tLg} hgfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ vj/ ul/of] . kl/jf/n] pgLx?nfO{ ef/t hfgaf6 /f]Sg cfu|x u¥of] / cfkm"x? hlt;Sbf] l56f] ;Ldf gfsf;Dd cfO{ k'Ug] atfP . legfh'n] klg tLg} hgfnfO{ kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufP/ dfq cfkm" ef/t hfg] atfP . ;fnLx?sf] lh4Lsf sf/0f afWo eP/ cfkm"n] ef/t lnP/ lxF8]sf] eP klg cfkm"af6 uNtL ePsf] l:jsf/] . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] tLg} hgf r]nLx?;Fusf] s'/fsfgLsf qmddf pgLx? ul/jL / b}lgssf] s7f]/ >dsf sf/0f lbSs ePsf] lgSof{]n lgsfn] . obL /f]huf/L jf cfo cfh{gsf] s'g} Joj:yf ldnfO{ lbg] xf] eg] pgLx? s]xL ug{ ;S5g eGg] cg'dfg ul/of] . tLg} hgfn] hxfF h] u/] klg cfkm'x?;Fu;Fu} /xg' kg{] ;t{ /fv] . r]nLx?sf] kl/jf/sf ;b:ox? klg cfOk'u]kl5 pgLx?sf] Joj:yfkgsf ljifodf Jofks 5nkmn eof] . 5f]/Lx?sf] cNnf/]kgn] cfkm"x? cflht ePsf] kl/jf/sf] egfO{ lyof] . csf{]tkm{ 5f]/Lx?sf] /x/ / O{R5fx?nfO{ cfkm"n] k"/f ug{ g;s]sf]df kl/jf/n] kL8f klg dx;'; ul//x]sf] lyof] . ;/udsf] a'jfn] cfkmg} HjfO{ x'g' / s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] lgu/fgL ul/lbg' h:tf sf/0fn] ubf{ 5f]/Lx? e]§fPsf] atfpFb} …obL 5f]/Lx? bnfnsf] xftdf k/]sf] eP cfkm"x?n] 5f]/Lx?nfO{ e]6g klg kfpFb}gYof}+Ú eGb} uxe/L cfF;' kf/] . …5f]/Lx?nfO{ s'g} cfo cfh{g d"ns ;Lk l;sfpg] t <Ú eg]/ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] tkm{af6 kl/jf/nfO{ k|:tfj ubf{ kl/jf/ ;sf/fTds b]lvof].To;kl5tLghgfr]nLx?;Fuklgcf;o a'lemof] . tLg} hgf ;Lk l;s]/ cfkmgf] v'§fdf pleg /fhL eP . tTkZrft s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] ;+:yfsf] lgod / ;+:yfn] l;sfpg] ;Lk d'ns / cfo cfh{gd'vL tflndsf] ljifodf k/fdz{ lbOof] . kl/jf/sf] ;xdltdf s]=cfO{= g]kfnn]] a'6jn l:yt l;kljsf; s]Gb|df ^ dlxgfsf] l;nfO{–s6fO{ nufot lhjgf]kof]uL l;kd"ns tflndsf nflu r]nLx?nfO{ k7fOof] . z'? z'?df t pgLx?nfO{ ;+:yfsf] lgoddf a:b} / tflnddf lqmofzLn x'g lgs} s7Lg h:tf] b]lvof] . t/ lj:tf/} pgLx?n] tflndk|lt cle?rL b]vfpg yfn] . lg/Gt/sf] tflnd / k/fdz{n] pgLx?sf] ;Lkdf lgvf/ cfpFb} uof] / ;xhtfsf ;fy ^ dlxg] tflnd ;DkGg u/] . TotL dfq xf]Og tflndsf cflv/L lbg;Dd cfOk'Ubf pgLx?n] cfkm"x?nfO{ gd"gfsf] ?kdf k|:t't u/] . tflnd ;DkGg ePkl5 pgLx?df s]xL ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] cfTdljZjf; / hfFu/ knfP/ cfof] . pgLx?n] ;+:yfn] k"jf{wf/ nufotsf If]qdf ;xof]u ug{] xf] eg] cfkm"x?n] cfkmg} ufpFdf ;+o'Qm l;nfO{ Joj;fo ug{] OR5f hfx]/ u/] . pgLx?n] tflnddf k|bz{g u/]sf] ;Lk / ;fdYo{ tyf s]xL u5{' eGg] x'6x'6LnfO{ cfTd;ft ub{} s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] pgLx?nfO{ cfjZos ;xof]u ug{] lg0f{o u¥of] . csf{]tkm{ r~rn lszf]/Lx?df lhDd]jf/L af]w / hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f ;d]t a[4L x'Fb} uPsf] lyof] . clxn] ;/ud, ;fljqL, / lg:dfn] kmQ]k'/df ;+o'St l;nfO{ Joj;fo ;+rfng ul//x]sf 5g . pgLx?df cNnf/]kg ;f6f] lhDd]jf/L / sd{k|ltsf] nufj b]lvG5 . Joj;foaf6 pgLx?n] cfkm"nfO{ cfjZos vr{sf] hf]xf] ug'{sf] ;Fu;Fu} kl/jf/nfO{ klg yf]/} ePklg cfly{s 6]jf k'¥ofO/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L ;d'bfon] pgLx?nfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f ;d]t Jofks kl/jt{g cfPsf] 5 .
  • 8. 8 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 ;d'bfo:t/sf ultljlw d]/f] gfd /ZdL ljZjsdf{ -gfd kl/jt{g_ xf] . d]/f] 3/ slknj:t'df k5{ . d @) jif{sL eP . d]/f] kl/jf/ dWod jlu{o kl/jf/ xf] . 3/df afaf, cfdf, b'O{ lbbL, bfO, efO, alxgL / d u/L hDdf * hgf 5f}+ . d]/f] jfNosfn s7f]/ cfly{s ;d:ofsf] ljr u'lh|Psf] lyof] . lsgsL 3/df xfdL sf]xL klg /f]huf/ lyPgf}+}+ . hUuf hldgsf] pTkfbgn] xfdLnfO{ vfg k'Ub}gYof] . afafcfdf dhb'/L ug'{x'GYof] . lgs} si6sf ;fy afaf cfdfn] xfdLnfO{ x'sf{pg' eof] . cfly{s cefjsf sf/0f d}n] kfFr sIff eGbf a9L k9g ;lsg . k9g] OR5f x'Fbfx'Fb} :s'n 5f8g afWo ePF . afafcfdfsf] b'vM / 3/sf] cfly{s ;d:ofsf sf/0f cfkm"n] klg sdfpg' k5{ eGg] dxz'; x'g yfNof] . d klg ufpF3/df dhb'/L ug{ yfn]+ . c+sn ef/tdf sfd ug'{x'GYof] . kGw| jif{sL ePkl5 c+sn;Fu sdfpg] p2]Zon] ef/t uPF . Psb'O{ dlxgf c+sn;Fu ef/tdf a;]+ . s'g} sfd ul/g . c+snn] dfof ug'{ x'GYof] t/ pxfFnfO{ af]em eP/ a:g cˆ7of/f] nfUYof] . sfdsf] vf]hLdf u/]+ . Pp6f 3/df 3/fo;L sfd kfPF . Tof] 3/df >Ldfg / >LdtL dfq /x]5g . s]xL lbg t /fd|f] ug{' ef] t/ kl5 w]/} ufx|f] ef] . :jtGq eP/ lx8]sL d sxfF ;lSb/x]5' / < pgLx?n] sfd u/]sf] tnj lbGy] . t/ dnfO{ yf]/} klg :jtGqtf lbb}gy]+ . ;fx'gLn] lbge/L sf]7fdf y'g]/ /flVyg . aflx/ lgSng kfpFb}gy]+ . d}n] ToxfF a:bf dflg;sf] hLjgdf :jtGqtfsf] d'No s] /x]5 eGg] yfxf kfPF . ;f/} si6sf ;fy b'O{ jif{ sf6]+ / 3/ kmls{PF . ljjfx u/]kl5 c;n >Ldfg kfpF5' / d]/f b'Mvsf lbg ;lsG5g ls h:tf] nfUof] . kfl/jfl/s ;xdltdf d}n] ljjfx u/]+, t/ ;f]r] h:tf] ePg . ufpF3/df ;'Gb} cfPsf] b'lvofnfO{ hxfF uP klg b'Mvn] 5f8b}g eGg] d]/f] hLjgdf ;t k|ltzt nfu" eof] . >Ldfg /S;Lsf cDdnL /x]5g . ;Fw} emu8f ug{] / s]xL sfd klg gug{] pgsf] afgLn] d lbSs ePF . kl5kl5 t pgn] dnfO{ s'6lk6 g} ug{ yfn] . ljjfx u/]sf] b'O{jif{ kl5 3/df a:g g;s]/ dfO{tLdf a:g yfn]+ . dfO{tLdf klg pxL cfly{s ;d:of 5Fb} lyof] . km]l/ ef/t hfG5' eg]/ hfg nfUbf s[i0fgu/ gfsfdf s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf lbbLx?n] hfg lbg' ePg . k/fdz{ lbg' eof] / dnfO{ l;k l;Sgsf] nfuL a'6jn tflnd s]Gb|df Nofpg' eof] . d}n] clxn] l;nfO{sf] ;Lk l;s]sL 5' . TotL dfq xf]Og hLjgdf s]xL ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] cfTd ljZjf; knfPsf] 5 . hLjgaf6 xf/ vfO{ ;s]sL d s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f ablnPsf] 5' . ha o; s]= cfO{= g]kfn a'6jn tfnLd s]Gb|df dnfO{ Nofpg' eof] oxfF cfP/ w]/} ;Lk l;Sg ;kmn ePsL 5' cj cfkm' h:t} b'Mv kfPsf lbbL alxgLx?nfO{ cfkm'n] hfg]sf] ;Lk ;Lsfpg] of]hgf agfPsL 5' . dnfO{ k'/f ljZjf; 5 ca d ;xh hLjg hLpg ;S5' . hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6 km]l/of] s]=cfO{=sf] tflnd kZrft cfTdlge{/ aGb} u/]sL r]nL ;+:yfåf/f ;~rflnt /]l8of] sfo{qmd…r]nL cfjfhÚsf] nflu cGt{jftf{ lnO{b} s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] gjnk/f;Lsf] ;lb{df vfg]kfgLsf] Joj:yf ub}{ ;xsf/Ldf art kZrft ;xefuLx? 8 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 9. 9jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 …lhGbuL of] km"n} km'n}sf] y'+uf x'b}g kmqmg' / cf]Onfpg'sf] cy{ x'b}gÚ pNn]lvt uLt clwsf+; dflg;sf] hLjgdf d]n vfg ;S5, lsgls lhGbuL ;Fw} ;/n /]vfdf lxF8b}g . ljleGg afËf]l6Ëf] df]8 / psfnL—cf]/fnLx?nfO{ kf/ ub{} lhGbuLsf] ofqf cufl8 a95 . xfF;f], ;'v, / v'zLx? :yfoL x'Fb}gg . afwf, kL8f, ;d:of / b'Mvx? klg hLjgsf clgjfo{ ;xofqLx? x'g . x/]s dflg;;Fu ;'v b'Mvsf cf—cfkmg} cfofd / cg'e"ltx? x'G5g . ;a} cf—cfkmgf v'zL / b'Mvdf /dfPsf jf b'lvt ePsf x'G5g . ?kf -gfd kl/j{tg_ sf] hGd wflbË lhNnfdf ePsf] xf] . b'u{d ufpFsf] lgDgdWod jlu{o kl/jf/df ;fOFnL 5f]/Lsf] ?kdf hlGdPsL ?kfsf] afNosfn ;fdfGo ?kdf g} laTof] . ufpFsf] hLjgz}nLdf 3fF;, bfp/f, uf]7fnf] / d]nfkft ;fdfGo b}lgsL xf] . ?kfn] klg ufpFn] b}lgsL;Fu cfkm"nfO{ cEo:t u/fpg} kYof{] / u/fOg klg . d'l:snn] vfg nfpg k'Ug] u|fld0f kl/jf/sf] cfjZostf, afWotf / ;+efJotfsf] aLrdf ?kfsf lbgx? u'lh|/x]sf lyP . si6, ;+3if{ / ;d:ofsf] aLrdf klg ufpFn] hLjg;Fu v'zL, cfgGb / pd+ux? x'G5g . ;fyL;ËLx?;Fu xfF;v]n, /fd/dfOnf] / pT;fxnfO{ klg ?kf ef]Ub} lyOg . ?kf !% jif{sf] pd]/df kfOnf rfNb} lyOg . ToxL lardf ;du| g]kfnnfO{ g} xfon sfon agfpg] ljgfzsf/L e"sDk cfof] . @)&@ ;fn j}zfv !@ ut] uPsf] sxfnL nfUbf] e'sDkn] ?kfsf h:tf xhf/f}+ ufpFx?nfO{ tx;gx; agfof] . sltsf] cfkmGtx?nfO{ lgb{oL e"sDkn] l5g]/ nUof] eg] k|fo ;Dk"0f{n] a:g] af; u'dfP . ?kfsf] kl/jf/n] klg cf>osf] s]Gb| 3/nfO{ u'dfof] . h'g 3/ lbge/sf] ysfg e'nfpg] la;f}gL lyof], h'g 3/df bz}+ ltxf/ h:tf rf8kj{x? cfpFy], h'g 3/df ljleGg v'zL / /dfOnf] leqGYof] ToxL 3/ g} u'dfpg' k/]kl5 si6sf] ;fdfgf ug'{ c:jefljs lyPg . ?kfsf] kl/jf/ ;Fu;Fu} l;Ëf] ufpF g} v'Nnf cfsfz d'lg a:g afWo eof] . slt lbg / /ft ef]s ef]s} a:g' k¥of] . lsgls vfBfGgx? elTsPsf] 3/n] k'l/Psf lyP . s]xL /ft v'Nnf cfsfzd'lg u'hf/]kl5 ljleGg bftfx?n] NofPsf] lqkfn / rfprfp ufpF;Dd cfOk'Uof] / l;Ëf] ufpF nfu]g . /Ifs 7fg]/ lbbL legfh'sf] cf>o lng uPsL ?kf cfkmg} legfh'af6 anfTs[t eOg . cfkm" anfTs[t ePkl5 ?kf 3/af6 aflx/ lglSnOg . cfGbf]ngdf xf]ldPsf] lj/+uhdf cfkm}+df cz'/lIft lyof] . csf{]tkm{ ?kfn] lrg]hfg]sf sf]xL klg lyPgg . obL lbbLn] cfkm"nfO{ ;+/If0f ul5{g eGg] ljZjf; ePsf] eP pgn] 3/ 5f8g] lyPgg . legfh'n] cfkm"nfO{ cGofo ub{}5g eg]/ k6sk6s lbbLnfO{ eGbf klg lbbLn] slxNo} dtnj gu/]sf sf/0f pgL 3/ 5f8g afWo eOg . åGb, lx+;f / ;fdflhs c;Gt'ngsf] ;dodf dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/n] ltj|tf lnG5 eGg] tYonfO{ dWogh/ ub{} s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf] lgu/fgL / ultljwLnfO{ ljz]if hf]8 lbPsf] lyof] . cfGbf]ngsf] /fkn] tft]sf] lj/u+h l:yt 306f3/df Pp6f km/s / eolet cg'xf/ b]v]/ s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] l6dsf] Wofgfs[i6 eof] . cfGbf]ngdf dw]zL cg'xf/x? dfq lyP . k|fo kxf8L cg'xf/x? b]lvFb}gy] . kxf8L cg'xf/sL lszf]/L / To;df klg ;xf/f ljxLg h:tf] b]lvPkl5 s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] pgL;Fu ;f]wk'5 u¥of] . z'? d} ?kfn] ;a} tYox? atfpg t ;lsgg t/, pgsf] s'/faf6 pgL lx+;fdf k/]sf] :ki6 a'lemof] . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Ln] tTsfn k|x/LnfO{ va/ u/] / k|x/Ln] ?kfsf] aofg lnof] . ?kfsf] aofgsf] cfwf/df ?kfsf] legfh'nfO{ kqmfp ul/of] . ha/h:TfL s/0fLsf] d'4fsf] cfwf/df cleo'QmnfO{ lx/f;tdf /fv]/ yk cg';Gwfg eO/x]sf] 5 . ?kfnfO{ eg] s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] lrtjg l:yt ;]km xf]ddf /flvPsf] 5 . cfjZos dgf]k/fdz{ ;Fu;Fu} cfod'ns tflnd k|fKt u/]/ ?kf ;Ifd aGg] k|oTgdf l5g . TotL dfq xf]Og cfufdL lbgdf n}lËs lx+;f / dfga a]rlavg lj?4df cfkm" lqmofzLn x'g] k|0f u/]sL l5g . ?kf dfly ePsf] anTsf/sf] 36gf Pp6f k|ltlgwL 36gf dfq xf] . d'ntM e"sDkn] g]kfnL ;dfhdf leqofPsf] cefj / c;'/Iffn] 5f]/L r]nLx?sf] ;'/Iffsf] ;jfn emg} r'gf}tLk"0f{ b]lvG5 . lsgls k|sf]k kZrft dfgjclwsf/ xggsf 36gfx? j[4L x'g] u/]sf] cGtf/f{li6«o cg'ejx?n] klg b]vfPsf 5g . o;tkm{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? ulDe/ x'g' h?/L 5 . /Ifs g} eIfs ePkl5 piff u'?ª lhNnf ;+of]hs -k;f{, lj/u~h_ lqkfnnfO{ cfkmgf] 3/ dfGg afWo eof] . ;a}sf b'Mvx? ;dfg lyP . Psn] csf{]nfO{ ;fGTjgf lbg] / ;xof]u ug{] cj:yf lyPg . ;a}sf 3/ elTsPsf lyP . ;a}n] a:g] jf; / vfg] uf; u'dfPsf lyP . ;a}sf cfzf / ;kgfx? rls{Psf lyP . t;y{ lqkfn d'lgsf] b}lgsL si6s/ x'g' :jfefljs lyof] . vfg] / a:g] h:tf] clt ;fdfGo cfjZostf g} clglZrt ePkl5 b'Mvx? cf]Ol/g' ;fdfGo lyof] . sxfF a:g] < s;/L a:g] < l;Ëf] kl/jf/nfO{ s;/L wfGg] < h:tf ;d:ofx?n] ?kfsf] kl/jf/ lk/f]ln/x]sf] lyof] . ?kfsf] 7"nL cfdfsL 5f]/Lsf] 3/ lj/u+hdf lyof] . e"sDkn] ?kfsf] kl/jf/df ;d:of k/]sf] yfxf kfP/ lj/u+hdf /x]sf lbbL legfh' wflbË cfP . pgLx?n] cfkmGtn] lbg] cf:jfzg / ;xof]usf] jrg lbP . TotL dfq xf]Og, ?kfnfO{ lj/u+h nu]/ cfkm";Fu} /fVg] atfP . vfg] / a:g] ;d]t 7]ufg gePsf] cj:yfdf ?kfn] eP klg ;xh ?kdf a:g kfpF5] eGg] ;f]r]/ kl/jf/n] lj/u+h k7fpg] ;xdlt lbof] . u|fdL0f / ljs6 e"uf]ndf x'ls{PsL ?kf klg zx/df a:g kfOg] ePkl5 v'zL g} eOg . csf{]tkm{ lbbL legfh'n] dfof u/]/ n}hfG5' eg]sf]n] pgsf] dg km'?Ë lyof] t/, jL/u+h k'u]sf] s]xL ;dokl5 eg] ?kf 5fFufaf6 v;]h:tL eOg . kLtft'No 7fg]sf legfh'n] cfkm"dfly lu4] gh/ nufPsf] pgn] dx;'; ul/g . legfh'sf] x]/fO{, af]nfO{ / 5'jfO{af6 g} ?kf ql;t x'g yflng . s]xL lbg t pgL r'k g} /lxg t/ legfh'n] cfkm" dfly b'Jo{jxf/ a9fpFb} uPkl5 pgn] lbbLnfO{ atfOg . lbbLnfO{ ;'gfPkl5 lbbLn] legfh'nfO{ ufnL ul5{g eGg] ?kfsf] ljZjf; lyof] . t/, ?kfn] ;f]r] eGbf l7s pN6f] eof] . lbbLn] t pN6} ?kfnfO{ ufnL ul/g . b'Mv k/]sf] cj:yfdf cfkm"n] vfg a:g lbPsf] eGb} lbbLn] legfh'nfO{ cgfjZos nfG5gf gnufpg ;r]t u/fOg . lbbLsf] ?vf] Jojxf/ / jrgnfO{ ?kfn] k|ltjfb ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf lyPg . ckl/lrt ;x/df lbbL g} pgsf] ;+/Ifs / ;xf/f lyOg . lbbLn] g} pgsf] ;d:ofdf dtnj gul/lbPkl5 pgsf] eGg] / hfg] 7fpF sxLF lyPg . r'krfk kL8f ;x]/ a:g' pgsf] afWotf eof] . Pslbg ?kf / legfh' dfq} 3/df lyP . lbbL sfd ljz]ifn] aflx/ uPsL lyOg . lj/u+hdf dw]z cfGbf]ng rls{Psfn] legfh' k|fo 3/d} a:y] . ?kf dfq ePsf] cj;/ 5f]kL legfh'n] ?kfsf] ;+j]bzLn cËdf 5'g] / clZnn xs{t b]vfpg yfn] . ?kfn] k|ltjfb ul/g t/ pgsf] s]xL æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 9jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 10. 10 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 /flwsf lu/L lhNnf ;+of]hs -afFs], g]kfnu~h_ cfhsf] o'u k|ljwLsf] o'u xf] . k|ljwLsf] sf/0f xfd|f] b}lgsL lgs} ;xh / ;/n ePsf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ xfd|f sfo{ ;Dkfbgx? lgs} l56f] / 5l/tf] x'Fb} uPsf 5g . cem eGg] xf] eg] k|ljwL dflg;sf] klxnf] cfjZostf aGg yfn]sf] 5 . ufpFufpF;Dd k'u]sf] df]jfOn kmf]gsf sf/0f dflg;n] cfkmGt;Fu 6fl9Psf] dx;'; ug'{ k/]sf] 5}g . ;ft ;d'Gb|kf/L k'u]sf cfkmGtsf] xfnvj/ cfkmg} 3/df a;La;L tTsfn} yfxf kfpg ;lsg] ;xhtf k|fKt ePsf] 5 . k|ljwLn] g]kfnL ;dfhnfO{ ;r]tgfsf lx;fjn] cfd"n kl/jt{gtkm{ cu|;/ u/fO/x]sf] 5 . t/, o;sf] ;Fu;Fu} k|ljwLsf sf/0f gofF gofF r'gf}tLx? klg ylkO/x]sf 5g . ljz]ifu/L df]jfOn kmf]g / km];j's nufosf ;fdflhs ;~hfnsf sf/0fn] ljleGg ;dflhs ;d:ofx? lglDtPsf] xfdLn] ;'Gb} / b]Vb} cfPsf 5f}+ . dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] ;jfndf klg k|ljwLn] ljleGg hl6ntfx? lgDTofPsf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fdf ;xof]uL alg//x]sf] k|ljwL csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ Go"lgs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu r'gf}tL ;d]t alg/x]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf lu/f]x jf bnfnx?n] k|ljlwsf] k|of]u dfkm{t cfkmgf] ;~hfn lgdf{0f ul//x]sf 5g . Psk6s klg b]Vb} gb]v]sf] / e]6b} ge]6]sf] dflg;;Fu km];j's jf df]jfOndf s'/fsfgL ePsf] cfwf/df o'jtL tyf dlxnfx? k|efjdf kg{] / a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf kg{] u/]sf 36gfx?df w]/} a[l4 ePsf] 5 . ut df3 !) ut] Pp6f hf]8L g]kfnUf~haf6 ?k}l8oftkm{ hfFb} lyof] . l/S;fdf ;jf/ hf]8LnfO{ s]= cfO{= g]kfn afFs] zfvf sfof{no l:yt g]kfnu~h ;Ldfdf vl6Psf sd{rf/Ln] ef/ttkm{ hfg'sf] sf/0faf/] ;f]wvf]h u/] . o'jtLn] cfkm" !( jif{sL ePsL / cfkmgf] gfd zdL{nf a'9f -gfd kl/jt{g_ /x]sf] atfOg . zld{nfsf] cg';f/ pgsf] 3/ s}nfnL lhNnfdf lyof] . s]6fn] eg] cfkmgf] 3/ ;'v{]t lhNnfdf /x]sf] / cfkmgf] gfd rqm ;fksf]6f atfof] . cfkmgf] pd]/ @@ aif{ ePsf] atfpg] s]6fsf] gfd, y/ / jtg ;'g]/ s]6L cndNn kl/g . s]= fO{= g]kfns} sd{rf/Lsf] cufl8 s]6Ln] s]6fnfO{ ;f]lwg …tkfO{n] lsg 9fF6s'/f af]n]sf] <Ú kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnL ;dfhdf Pkm=Pd= /]l8ofsf]] k|efjdf klg csNkgLo a[l4 ePsf] 5 . x/]s lhNnf ;b/d'sfd / Jofkfl/s s]Gb| /x]sf ahf/x?sf slDtdf klg b'O{j6f Pkm=Pd= /]l8of]x? ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g . k|ljwL / dfgj a]rlavg s]6f]n] s]xL hjfkm lbPg . …tkfO{n] cfkmgf] 3/ lrtjg /x]sf] / cfkmgf] gfd pd]z 7s'/L eGg'x'GYof] t .Ú eGg yfn]kl5 s]6f sfnf]lgnf] eof] . s'/f :ki6 lyof] . s]6fn] o'jtLnfO{ 9fF6 s'/f u/]/ ef/ttkm{ n}hfFb} lyof] . pgLx?sf] s'/f aflemPkl5 s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] pgLx?nfO{ 5'§f5'§} /fv]/ ;f]wk'5 u¥of] . :yfgLo Ps Pkm=Pd=df ;~rflnt s] d ltd|f] ;fyL aGg ;S5' sfo{qmd o'jfx? Dffem nf]slk|o /x]5 . pQm sfo{qmdn] ckl/lrt JolQmx?nfO{ ;fyL agfpg] ;]t'sf] sfd ubf{] /x]5 . em08} b'O{ dlxgf cufl8 pQm /]l8of] sfo{qmd dfkm{t pgLx? ;fyL ePsf /x]5g . zld{nfn] cfkmgf] ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f ;xL / ;To atfPsL /lxl5g eg] rqmn] em'6 atfPsf] /x]5 . ;fyL ePkl5 pgLx?aLr lgoldt kmf]g ;Dks{ x'g yfNof] . kmf]g ;Dks{ s} qmddf pgLx? lj:tf/} k|]d ;DjGwtkm{ pGd'v x'Fb} uP . rqmn] cfkm" cljjflxt /x]sf] / zld{nf;Fu ljjfx ug{ OR5's /x]sf] atfpFn} cfPsf] /x]5 . kmf]g ;Dks{ eP klg pgLx?aLr e]63f6 x'g ;s]sf] lyPg . oxL aLrdf zld{nfnfO{ 3fF6Ldf ;d:of b]lvP5 . kl/jf/sf]] ;Nnfx d} zld{nf pkrf/sf] nflu g]kfnu~h cfpg] eOg / pgn] g]kfnu~h cfpg nfu]sf] rqmnfO{ atfOg . :jf:Yo pkrf/ ug'{sf ;fy} pgLx?aLr e]63f6 ug{] 6'Ëf] eP5 . of]hgf cg';f/ zld{nf g]kfnu~h cfOg / rqm;Fu e]6 eof] . klxnf] e]6d} zld{nf z;+lst eOg . lsgls kmf]gdf s'/fubf{ pgn] sNkgf u/]sf] h:tf] pd]z pgsf] cufl8 lyPg . cfkm"nfO{ atfPsf] eGbf pd]zsf] pd]/ cln kfsf] /x]sf] pgn] cg'dfg ul/g eg] kmf]gdf :df6{?kdf s'/f ug{] pd]z oyfy{df e]6bf kmf]xf]/L / l3g nfUbf] b]lvof] . t}klg ldqtf eg]sf] ldqtf xf] . ldqtf;Fu pd]/ / cg'xf/sf] vf;} cy{ /xFb}g eGg] ;f]r]/ zld{nf rqm;Fu cfkmgf] 3fF6L hrfpFg g]kfnu~h d]l8sn sn]hdf uOg . zld{nfn] hfFr u/fpGh]n rqm ;Fu} /xof] . r]scksf] qmddf cfjZos k|s[ofx?df ;xof]u klg u¥of] . 8S6/n] zld{nfsf] hfFr u/]/ cf}ifwL n]lvlbP . c:ktfn glhs}sf] d]l8sndf k'u]/ cf}ifwL lsGg vf]Hbf s]xL cf}ifwL cfkm";Fu g/x]sf] d]l8snn] atfof] . zld{nfn] csf{] d]l8sndf cf}ifwL lsGg vf]lhg t/ rqmn] lsGg vf]h]sf] d]l8sndf cf}ifwL gkfPkl5 g]kfnu~hsf cf}ifwL k;nx?df cf}ifwL kfpg s7Lg x'g] atfof] . To; ;Fu;Fu} g]kfndf eGbf ef/tdf cf}ifwL lgs} ;:tf] kfOg] eGb} ;Ldfkf/L uP/ cf}ifwL lsGg cfu|x u¥of] . Ps t g]kfnu~hdf cf}ifwL gkfOg] / kfP klg dxËf] x'g] ePkl5 zld{nf ;Ldf kf/L hfg tof/ eOg / ;f]xL qmddf s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] pgLx?nfO{ e]6]sf lyP . ;f]wk'5sf] qmddf csf{] dxTjk"0f{ s'/f s] klg kQf nfUof] eg] rqm ljjflxt /x]5 . p;sf b'O{j6f 5f]/fx? ;d]t eO;s]sf /x]5g . cfkm" cljjflxt /x]sf] / zld{nf;Fu ljjfx ug{ tof/ /x]sf] atfpFb} cfPsf] rqmsf] lgot :ki6 ?kd} z+sf:kb b]lvof] . rqmsf] oyfy{ yfxf kfPkl5 zld{nf x}/fg x'g' :jefljs lyof] . kmf]gdf s'/f ePs} cfwf/df cfkm"n] ljZjf; u/]/ uNtL u/]sf] eGb} pgL kZrftfk ug{ yflng . zld{nfnfO{ lsg ef/t kf/L nfg vf]h]sf] xf] < st} a]Rg t nfg vf]h]sf] xf]Og < nufotsf] k|Zgx? s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ul//xFbf rqmn] cf}ifwL lsGg dfq hfg nfu]sf] eg]/ lh4L ul//Xof] / cfkm"n] em'6 af]n]/ uNtL u/]sf] eGb} dfkmL dfUg yfNof] . cfkm"k|lt rqmsf] ;kmf lgot g/x]sf] eGb} zld{nfn] …d h:t} slt s]6LnfO{ em'SofP/ aaf{b agfof}Ú eGb} rqmnfO{ ¥ofv¥oflVt kfg{ yflng . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Ln] cfkm"x?nfO{ /f]s]/ ;f]wk'5 gu/]sf] eP cfkmgf] cj:yf h] klg x'g;SYof] eGb} zld{nfn] s]= cfO{= g]kfnnfO{ wGojfb ;d]t lbOg . o;aLrdf zld{nfsf] cfdf;Fu ;Dks{ u/]/ ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0fsf] cjut u/fOof] . zld{nfsL cfdfn] rqmnfO{ plrt b08 lbnfpg cfu|x ul/g . zld{nfsf] cfdfn] b08sf] clkn ug'{ jf rqmnfO{ bl08t u/fpg kxn ul/lbg cfu|x ug'{ :jefljs g} lyof] . rqm ljjflxt dfq xf]Og b'O{ ;Gtfgsf] afp ;d]t lyof] . p;nfO{ sfg'gL s73/f;Dd k'¥ofpbf p;sf] >LdtL / 5f]/fx?sf] cj:yf s] x'G5 < nufotsf ljifodf Jofks 5nkmn ul/of] / r]tfjgL lbFb} Psk6snfO{ dfkmL lbg] lg0f{o ul/of] . zld{nfnfO{ eg] pgsf] cfdfsf] ;/;Nnfxs} cfwf/df 3/ hfg] Joj:yf ldnfOof] . ;txaf6 x]bf{ ;fdfGo b]lvP klg zld{nf / rqm h:tf kfqx? g]kfnL ;dfhdf cToflws 5g . k|ljwLsf sf/0f rqmx?n] cfkmgf] ck/fw sd{nfO{ ;xh} km}nfO/x]sf 5g eg] zld{nfx? kLl8t aGg afWo 5g . t;y{ k|ljwL;Fu hf]l8Psf j[xQ/ ljifo tyf o;sf] r'gf}tL / k|of]uaf/] ;r]tgf a9fpg' cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 10 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 11. 11jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 k'Holgo dftflktf, tkfO{x?sf] cefuL 5f]/Lsf] gd:sf/, tkfO{+x? cf/fd} x'g'x'G5 xf]nf eGg] cfzf 5 . tkfO{x?sf] ;':jf:Yosf] nflu kz'kltgfy;Fu x/ lbg k|fy{gf ul//x]sL 5' . clxn] tkfO{x?nfO{ kq n]lv/Fxbf d]/f cfFvf cf]efgf x'g ;s]sf 5}gg . cfF;'sf yf]kf kfgfdf em/]/ n]Vg c;xh eO/x]sf] 5 . t} klg d of] kq n]Vg afWo 5' . a'afcfdf, kL8fnfO{ gf;f]sf] ?kdf lnP/ cfh;Dd d cf/fd} 5' . d]/f] sf/0fn] tkfO{x?nfO{ kSs} kL8f ePsf] 5 t/ kL8f glng'; . d}n] d]/f] cj:yfnfO{ efUosf] v]nsf] ?kdf l:jsf/L ;s]sL 5' . efUosf] v]n;Fu s;}sf] s]xL nfUbf] /x]g5 . a'afcfdf, d cgluGtL ;kgfx? af]s]/ b'MvnfO{ ;'vdf kl/0ft u/fpg] ;+sNk lnb}+ of] vf8Ldf cfOk'u]sL x'F . vf8L cfPkl5 d}n] sfd klg z'? u/]+ . TotLa]nf dnfO{ nfUYof] ca d]/f] jf:tljs hLjg ;'? eof], nfUYof] ca t ;fRrLs} xfDf|f] kl/jf/ jf d]/f] hLagdf gofF kfn'jf knfpg]] 5 . cfly{s sf/0fn] ef]Ub} cfPsf x}/fgLx?sf] cGTo x'g]5 . tkfO{x?nfO{ yfxf g} 5 d}n] z'?z'?df 3/df klg k};f k7fPs} lyPF . sfd ug{ ;lhnf] t lyPg . lj/fgf] d'n's efiffb]lv x/]s j:t' l:ytLdf ;d:ofx?sf] ;fdgf ug'{ g} kb{Yof] . t/ klg ;'vsf] cfzfdf h:tf;'s} hl6ntfdf klg cfkm"nfO{ cEo:t u/fpFb} nu]+ . csf{]tkm{ k};f k7fP/ tkfO{x?nfO{ ;xof]u ug{ kfPF eg]/ dg k|km'Nn lyof] . tnj cfPkl5 dgL 6«fG;km/af6 k};f k7fPsf] lbg nfUg' ;Dd cfgGb nfUof] . ufpFdf ljb]zdf uPkl5 ;lhn} k};f sdfpg ;lsG5 eGg] ;'lgGYof] . dfgf}+ ljb]zdf k};fsf] af]6 5 / l6Kg ;lsG5 h:tf] . t/, To:tf] xf]Og /x]5 . lgs} s7f]/ >d / nugn] dfq k};f sdfpg ;lsbf] /x]5 . ;do cfkmg} /kmtf/df cufl8 a9b} uof] . clkm;n] ;dodf tnj lbg 5f8of] . of]] lab]lzPsL 5f]/Lsf] kq jLrdf d}n] tnj gkfPsf] @ jif{ gf3L ;Sof] . jLrjLrdf tkfO{x?n] tnj k7fp eg]/ kmf]g klg ug'{ eof] . t/ d tnj k7fpg c;dy{ lyPF . d cfkmgf] oyfy{ atfP/ tkfO{x?nfO{ b'vL agfpg klg ;Slbgy]+ . sfd u/]sf] tnj cfh cfpnf ef]nL cfpnf eGbfeGb} jiff{}+ ljt] . ;doqmd;Fu} d]/f] lehfsf] ;do cjlw klg ;dfKt x'g yfNof] . d}n] sfd u/]sf] 7fpFdf lehf yKgsf] nflu jf/Djf/ cg'/f]w ul//x]+ . t/ !÷@ lbg eGbfeGb} ^ dlxgf sl6;s]sf] 5 . of] la/fgf] 7fFpdf d]/f] sf] g} lyof] / < d}n] Gofo dfUg hfg] cj:yf klg lyPg . cfkmgf] ;d:of ;'lglbg] sf]xL dfG5] klg lyPg . a'afcfdf d}n] cj tkfO{x?nfO{ eGg} kg{] x'G5, d gf/sLo hLjg ef]lu/x]sL 5' . d]/f x/]s /ftx? lgd{d oftgfdf ljT5g . 3/df dflnSgL gePsf] /ft dflns zf/Ll/s ;DaGw /fVg cfpy]+ . d}n] lj/f]w u/]+ eg] k'ln; nufP/ h]n xfNg] wDsL lbGy]+ . clg d cf;'F lkP/ n'l6g afWo x'Gy]+ . cflv/ d}n] la/f]w u/]/ s] kf/ nufpg ;Sy]+ / < slt /f]PF, s/fPF / u'xf/ dfu]+ . t/ dflns ?kL bfgjn] d]/f] k'sf/nfO{ slxNo} ;'g]g . ;xg'eGbf afx]ssf] s'g} ljsNk d;Fu lyPg . stL /ftx? ef]s} ;'Tg kb{Yof] . dgdf cg]s ts{gf rNy], s;/L g]kfndf d'v b]vfpg] xf]nf < d;Fu s:n] lax] unf{ < d s] ;f]r]/ cfPF cfh s] ef]lu/x]s 5' < o:tf] leif0f si6sf] jLrdf lbgx? u'lh|/x]sf lyP . d crfgs la/fdL k/]+ . ;'?df clncnL Hj/f] cfof] . Hj/f] cfpFbf cf}ifwL pkrf/ t k/} hfcf]; yf]/} cf/fd ug{] cj;/ klg d}n] kfplbgy]+ . Psf]xf]/f] sfddf blng kb{Yof] . dnfO{ 3/df yf]/} Hj/f] cfpFbf a'afn] hl8j'6L v'jfpg' x'GYof] . cfdf kfgL k66L nufP/ 6fpsf] glhs a:g'x'GYof] . oxfF Hj/f]n] clt g} agfO{;Sbf klg d}n] cfkm'nfO{ la/fdL eGg kfOg . cfvfF /l;nf ePsf lyP . z/L/ wfGg g;s]/ y/y/L sfdL/xGYof] . Ps}l5g plebf klg !% sf]; lx+8]/ yfs]sf] h:tf] dx;'; x'GYof] . otL x'Fbf klg lg/Gt/ sfd u/L /x]+ . Pslbg cfkmg} z/L/ wfGg ufx|f] eof] . d crfgs e'Odf n8+] . dnfO{ s]xL yfxf ePg . d a]xf]; x'g k'u]+5' . ljxfgL lr;f] xfjf;Fu} d]/f cfFvf v'Nof] . cyf{t d]/f] xf]; lkm¥of] . Pp6f kfs{df 9nL /x]sL /x]5' . s;/L d oxfF cfP < s'g} cQf]kQf] lyPg . p7g] sf]zL; u/] t/ p7g ;lsg . c;fWo} Hj/f] cfO{/x]sf] lyof] . pNs} kfgL Kof; nflu /x]sf] lyof] . glhs} km"naf/Ldf ´/L /x]sf] kfgLsf] wf/f]df 3;|b}+ uP / kfgL lkPF . kfgL lkPkl5 yf]/} ;f; cfP h:tf] eof] . c;fWo} ?g dg nfUof] . d]/f] clGtd lbg cfOk'u] h:tf] nfUof] . cj tkfO{x?;Fu e]6 x'Fb}g eGg] :d/0fn] d'6'df eSsfgf] 5'6]/ cfof] . d/] klg d]/f] nf; d]/} b]zsf] df6f];Dd k'uf]; eg]/ sfdgf u/]+ . d[t zl// eP klg d]/f] cfdfa'afsf] sfv;Dd k'Uf] x'GYof] eGg] nflu /xof] . kfs{df d km]/L a]xf]; eP5' . ha d Ao"FlemP :nfOg kfgL r9fO{Psf] lyof] . s'/f] a'emg ufx|f] k/]g d c:ktfndf /x]5' . k'/} hLp b'lv/x]sf] lyof] . uf]8f rndnfpg vf]h]+ . ;lsg . bflxg] uf]8f t yf]/} klg rndnfpg ;lsg . bflxg] uf]8fnfO{ kmnfd] ;fªnf]n] afwLPsf] lyof] . 5]pdf b'O{ hgf k'ln;x? al;/x]sf lyP . dnfO{ s'/f a'emg ufx|f] ePg, d kqmfp k/]5' . pkrf/n] d]/f] :jf:Yodf qmlds ;'wf/ x'Fb} cfof] . k"0f{ :jf:Yo l7s ePkl5 dnfO{ h]ndf nluof] . clxn] d h]naf6 s}bLsf] ?kdf tkfO{x?nfO{ of] kq n]lv/x]sf] 5' . of] 7fFpdf d]/f] Gofosf nflu ax; ul/lbg] sfg'gsdL{ d}n] sf] kfpg' < g t d}n] sfdsf] kmn kfPF, g t d]/f] u'gf;f] sFxL st} ;'g'jfO{ eof] . leiff geP/ dnfO{ cf]e/ :6] d'2f nfUof] . d dfly cGo y'k|} d'2fx? btf{ eO/x]sf 5g . ca of] h]n tf]8]/ d sxfF s;/L lgl:sg ;S5' / < a'afcfdf h]n a;]sf] klg cfh t @! dlxgf e} ;s]5 c´} stL ;do oxfF a:g' kg{] xf] < d h:t} sof}F g]kfnL r]nLx? oxfFsf] h]ndf k/]sf 5g eGg] d}n] ;'g]sf] 5' . ut ;fnsf] bz}+ uof] . o;kfnL klg cfpFb}5 . a'afcfdf h;f]t;f] u/]/ eP klg bz}+ dgfpg' . ;a}sf] 3/df bz}+sf] /f}gs xf]nf . t/ tkfO{x? d]/f] vj/ yfxf gkfP/ kL8fdf x'g'xf]nf . 5f]/Lsf] af6f] x]/]/ Psf]xf]/f] 6f]nfpb} x'g xf]nf . cfz'sf wf/f]n] kSs} klg d'naf6f] kvfnL ;Sof] xf]nf . d}n] snd of] oxfF eGbf cufl8 a9fpg ;lsg cfhnfO{ labf lnG5' k5L csf]{ kq km]/L df}sf ldn]df sf]g]{ 5' . a'afcfdf, d cglulGt ;kgfx? af]s]/ b'MvnfO{ ;'vdf kl/0ft u/fpg] ;+sNk lnb}+ of] vf8Ldf cfOk'u]sL x'F . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ ;'/Iff a/fn ;+rf/ clws[t 11jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 12. 12 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ @! cf}+ ztfAbLdf cfOk'Ubf klg dlxnfsf ;d:ofx?df pNn]Vo ;'wf/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . k/fk"j{sfnb]lv ef]Ub} cfPsf] lje]b, lx+;f cfh;Dd klg s'g} g s'g} ?kdf sfod} 5 . lkt[;QfTds ;dfhn] cem} klg dlxnfnfO{ bf];|f] bhf{sf] gful/ssf] Jojxf/ ul//x]sf] 5 . dlxnfnfO{ sdhf]/ / lIf0fxLg agfpg] ;+:s[lt, d'No, dfGotf / k/Dk/fx? ;dfhsf ljBdfg 5g . uf]i7L, ;ef, ;df/f]x nufot clwsf/;Fu ;DaGwLt cleoGtf / gLlt lgdf{tfx? dlxnf / k'?if ;dfg x'g elg/x]s} 5g . cem ;dfh ;+rfng?kL /ysf] b'O{ kfªu|fsf] ?kdf /x]sf dlxnf / k'?ifx? dWo] Ps kfªu|f] sdhf]/ eof] eg] ;dfh g} ljsnfªu x'g] pgLx?sf] wf/0ff 5 . t/ klg dlxnfx?n] ;dfhdf x}l;otsf ;fy ;fdflhs pkl:ytL bh{ ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . cfwf cfsfz cf]u6g] dlxnfx? clwsf/, cfTdlge{/tf / :jlg0f{osf] clwsf/af6 jl~rt 5g . u|fld0f dlxnfx?sf] cj:yf t emg} bogLo 5 . s7f]/ >d, k'?if lgb{]lzt hLjg / 3/fo;L lx+;faf6 pgLx?n] d'lQm kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg . 7"nf] ;+3if{ kZrft g]kfnsf] sfg"gL ;+/rgfnfO{ dlxnf d}qL agfpg t ;lsPsf] 5 . t/, o;sf] sfof{Gjog eg] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . cem} klg clwsf+; dlxnfx?n] bf;tfsf] hLjg afFlr/x]sf 5g . cfly{s pkfh{g jf cfocfh{gsf] sfddf k'?ifx?sf] Psflwsf/ 5 . TotLdfq xf]Og ;dfhn] :yflkt u/]sf] k/Dk/fut d'Non] dlxnfnfO{ cfkmgf] zl// a]Rg ;d]t afWo agfPsf] 5 . cyf{t cfly{s uhf{] 6fg{ dlxnfx? zl// a]Rg ;d]t afWo 5g . s] k'?ifx?n] hflu/ vfFbf dlxnfx?n] vfg ;Sb}gg t < s] k'?ifx?n] Jofkf/ ubf{ dlxnfx?n] ug{ ;Sb}gg t < s] k'?ifx?n] cfocfh{g ubf{ dlxnfx?n] ug{ ;Sb}gg t < l;h{gfTds Ifdtf, nug, of]hgf / lqmofzLntfsf lx;fjn] dlxnfx? k'?if eGbf s;/L sdhf]/ 5g < kSs} klg 5}gg . k'?ifn] ug{] x/]s sfdx? ug{ dlxnfx? ;Ifd / ;jn 5g . t/, dlxnfnfO{ cufl8 a9g s] s'/fn] /f]s]sf] 5 / < sfg'gL /fHon] ;dfg clwsf/ dfq xf]Og dlxnf d}qL clwsf/x? ;d]t k|Tofe"tL ubf{ub{} klg dlxnfx? lsg cufl8 a9g ;ls/x]sf 5}gg < o;sf] pQ/ ;/n 5, ;lbof}+ b]lv g]kfnL ;dfhdf :yflkt ePsf] k'?if d}qL d'No / ;F:s[ltn] dlxnfx?nfO{ cufl8 a9g lbO/x]sf] 5}g . ;F:s[ltn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] cg]sf}+ h+hfnx?n] dlxnfx?sf] xftuf]8f afFlwlbPsf] 5 . pbfx/0fsf] nflu lbge/L s'g} ;ef ;Dd]ng jf uf]i7Ldf dlxnf clwsf/sf] kIfdf af]Ng] k'?if a]n'sf 3/df uPkl5 p;n] cfkm"n] af]n]sf] s'/fnfO{ 3/df nfu" u5{ ls ub{}g <clg dlxnf clwsf/df ;dlk{t dlxnf cleoGtfn] p;n] ;f]r]sf] / a'em]sf] h:tf] clwsf/sf] pkef]u cfkmgf] 3/df ug{ kfpFl5g ls kfpFlbgg < xfdLn] oL b'O{ tYonfO{ dgg ug{] lalQs} dlxnf ljsf;df ;d:ofx? :ki6 x'g k'U5g . klxnf] s'/f t dlxnfx?nfO{ 3/af6 aflx/ lg:sg g} ;d:of 5 . 3/fo;L sfdsf] af]em Psftkm{ 5 eg] 3/af6 lgl:sP/ ;fdflhs ;/f]sf/;Fu ;DjGw /fVg vf]Hg] dlxnfnfO{ /fd|f] b[li6sf]0fn] x]l/b}Fg . h;n]ubf{ hflu/ vfg xf]; jf cGo s'g} klg cfocfh{gsf] sfd ug{ xf]; dlxnfnfO{ ;d:of eO/x]sf] 5 . 3/af6 lgl:sP/ cfkmgf] eljZo agfpg k'?if :jtGq 5 t/, dlxnfsf] xsdf eg] kl/jf/ / ;dfhn] o:tf] :jtGqtf k|bfg u/]sf] 5}g . 3/af6 aflx/ lgSng' cyf{t 3/fo;L rf}3]/f gf3]/ :jtGq dflg;sf] hLjg pkef]u ug'{ d} afwf ePkl5 dlxnfsf cGo j[lQ ljsf; :jefljs ?kdf cufl8 a9g ;Sb}gg . cfh klg 5f]/L, a'xf/L / kTgLn] 3/af6 aflx/ lgSng afa', ;;'/f jf klt;Fu cg'dlt lng} k5{ . t/, k'?ifsf] xsdf eg] of] lgod nfu" x'Fb}g . en} kl/jf/n] cg'dlt lbP/ 3/af6 lgSng] cj:yf lgdf{0f eof] eg] klg ;dod} 3/ cfOk'Ug' kg{] afWosf/L cj:yf 5 . ;fdfGo h:tf b]lvg] lo k/Dk/f jf k'?if lgb{]lzt lgdox?n] g} dlxnfx?nfO{ :yflkt x'g s7Lg agfO/x]sf] 5 . hj;Dd lo cfwf/e"t ;d:ofx?sf] ;dfwfg ug{ ;lsb}g tj ;Dd xfdLn] eGg] u/]sf] ;jn dlxnf ;lxtsf] ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{ c;+ej 5 . gf/L ;zlQms/0f jf hfu/0fsf nflu dlxnfnfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpg' hlt h?/L 5 TotL g} dfqdf ;r]tgf clej[l4 u/fpg' cfjZos 5 . o;sf nflu PsLs[t k|oTg x'g' h?/L 5 . cyf{t ;r]tgf ljsf;, dlxnf lzIff ;Fu;Fu} dlxnfnfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpg cfocfh{g ;Dj4 ultljwLx? ;d'bfo:t/;Dd k'¥ofg'k5{ . ;+;f/d} ljs/fn ;d:ofsf] ?kdf b]lvPsf] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf k5fl8 ul/jL / clzIff k|d'v lhDd]jf/ 5 . d"ntM t];|f] ljZj / To;df klg ljkGg d'n'ssf dlxnfx? a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf kl//x]sf 5g . o;n] s] :ki6 kf5{ eg] ul/jL lgjf/0f / ;r]tgfsf] clej[l4nfO{ pRr k|fyldstfdf kfg'{ h?/L 5 . /fHo tyf ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] o; tYonfO{ cfTd;fy ub{} cfkmgf sfo{qmd / ultljwLx? cufl8 a9fpg ;Sg'k5{ . clxn] dlxnf clwsf/ / Ifdtf ljsf;;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg ;+3 ;:yfx? ufpFufpF k'u]sf 5g . pgLx?n] dlxnf clwsf/sf nflu k}/jL / Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu ljleGg ultljwLx? ul//x]sf] bfjL klg ul//x]sf 5g . t/ klg n}lËs lx+;fsf 36gfdf pNn]Vo sdL cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . dlxnfx? ;dfhdf :yflkt x'g] jf cfkmgf] ;d'bfosf] g]t[Tj ug{] :yfgdf k'Ug ;s]sf 5}gg . cem egf}+ k'?if ;x/sf] x}l;ot k|fKt ug{ g]kfnL dlxnfx?n] cem} bzsf}+ s'g'{ kg{] cj:yf 5 . o;/L x]bf{ ufpFufpF;Dd k'lu/x]sf dlxnf ;Dj4 ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] s] sfd ul//x]sf 5g t < eGg] k|Zg p7g ;S5 / of] :jefljs klg xf] . xfdLs] s'/fdf :ki6 x'g'k5{ eg] g]kfnL dlxnfsf] pTkLl8g ax'cfoflds 5 . o;sf] :j?k s'g} Ps If]q / ljifo;Fu dfq ;DjlGwt 5}g . t;y{ xfdLn] yfn]sf k|of;x?n] s'g} Ps If]qnfO{ dfq ;Djf]wg ug{ vf]h]/ dfq dlxnfsf ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g ;Sb}gg . o;sf nflu PsLs[t k|of;sf] h?/L 5 . clxn];Dd ul/Psf k|of;, cleofg / sfo{qmdx? PsLs[t ?kdf ufpFufpF;Dd k'Ug ;s]sf 5}gg . h;n] ubf{ cfzfltt k|ltkmnx? k|fKt x'g ;s]sf 5}gg . o;y{, dlxnf ;DaGwL ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ xfdLn] xfd|f] k/Dk/fut b[li6sf]0f, cfly{s kIf, ;fdflhs If]q, ;f+:s[lts d'No, k/Dk/fut dfGotf nufot w]/} ljifodf ;'wf/ / kl/jt{g ug'{ h?/L 5 . dlxnfsf ;d:of hxF“sf] ToxL ;'lzn d/x¶f lhNnf ;+of]hs -lj/f6gu/, df]/ª_ cfwf cfsfz cf]u6g] dlxnfx? clwsf/, cfTdlge{/tf / :jlg0f{osf] clwsf/af6 jl~rt 5g . u|fld0f dlxnfx?sf] cj:yf t emg} bogLo 5 . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ 12 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 13. 13jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 ;du|df k;f{ lhNnfdf dfga a]rlavg / n}lËs lx;f+sf] ca:yf s] 5 < o; k;f{ lhNnfdf ef/t hfg] w]/} v'Nnf gfsf ePsfn] lhNnfdf dflg;x? a]lrg] jf g]kfnaf6 aflxl/g]sf] ;+Vof Plsg 5}g . ;g @)!% df d'Vo gfsf ;Ldfgfsf hfg nfu]sf dlxnfnfO{ /fv]/ ;f]wk'5 ubf{ #( hgf hf]vLddf kg{] ;Defjgf ePsf] / 7f]/L gfsfaf6 !) hgfnfO{ l;dfgfsfaf6 p4f/ u/LPsf]df hDdf $( hgf k;f{ lhNnfn] p4f/ ul/Psf] lyof] . n}lËs lx;f+sf 36gfsf w]/} g} ;DaGwLt ph'/L cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . dlxnfx? 3/af6 g} w]/} lx;f+df k/]sf] cj:yf 5 . dw]; cfGbf]ng -gfsfaGbL_ n] ;Ldfdf r]nLa]6Lsf] ;'/Iffsf nflu a;]sf ;3+;:yfnfO{ k'/} c;/ kf¥of] . o;n] t w]/} dlxnf hf]vLddf k/] lg x}+< >fj0f dlxgfb]vLsf] dw]z cfGbf]ng km]l/ gfsfjGbLsf sf/0f k"/} ;do ;Ldfdf lgu/fgL ug{ gkfpFbf dlxnf hf]vLddf k/]sf] cj:yfdf a9f]Q/L ePsf] cg'dfg 5 . oBlk lhNnf k|Zff;gn] x/bd rgfvf] eP/ cfkmgf sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . ;fy} tkfO{x? h:tf ;+:yfn] klg lbg/ft sfd ul//x]sf] x'gfn] Toltw]/} vt/f eg] a9]sf] 5}g . cfGbf]ng kZrft dfgj a]rlavg n}+lËs lx+;fsf :j?knfO{ s;/L lng'ePsf] 5 < cfGbf]ngsf] ;dodf dfgj a]rlavg lj/u+h ;Ldf gfsf ;+j]bgzLn gfsfdWo] Ps ug]{nfO{ l;d/faf6 df]6/;fOsndf r9fO{ ef/t nu]sf] hfgsf/L eP/ g]kfn k|x/L / cGo ;+:yf4f/f l;dfgfsfdf cem s9fO{sf ;fy sfd ubf{ w]/} dlxnfx? /f]lsPsf 5g . lj/uh+ gfsf g]kfns} 7"nf] gfsfsf ?kdf lnOG5 t;y{ o; lhNnfdf /fHo :t/af6 r]nLa]6Lx? hf]vLddf gk?g eGgsf nflu s] s:tf sfdx? eO/x]sf 5g < lhNnfdf dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ /f]syfd ;DaGwLt d]/} cWoIftfdf lhNnf ;ldlt u7g ePsf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfn nufot cGo u}x| ;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?;Fusf] ;xsfo{df p4f/ tyf k'gM:yfkgf tyf k'g{ldngsf sfd eO/x]sf 5g . /fHo;Fu ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfn] ;zQm?kdf dfgja]rlavg lj?4 / n}+lus lx+;f cGTosf nflu w]/} sfd u/]sf 5g lsg jif{sf] clGtddf klg cg'kft pxL 5 < /fHo;Fu ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] dfgj a]rlavg lj?4 tyf n}+lus lx+;f cGTosf nflu ;dGjo / ;xsfo{ ul//x]sf] ePtf klg nfdf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfn, cl:y/ ;/sf/, j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf o'jf o'jtLx?sf] /x/ eGbf klg afWotf x'Fb} hfg', æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ u}x| ;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] kl/0ffdd'vL sfo{kq k|:t'tL / tYofs+ d} ;fwg ;|f]t vlr{g'n] ck]lIft kl/0ffd cfpg g;s]sf] xf] eGg] nfU5 . dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lus lx+;f cGTosf nflu cem} s] ug'{ cfjZos 5 < /fHokIfaf6 pBf]u snsf/vfgf ;~rfng u/]/ /f]huf/ lbnfpg], ;r]tgf sfo{qmd u/]/ hfu?s u/fpg] / o;} ;DaGwL ljleGg sfo{qmd ul/of] eg] /f]syfd x'g ;S5 . g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] gfsfsf ?kdf :yflkt lj/u+hnfO{ cfly{s /fhwfgL dflgG5 . lbgx'F ;of}+sf] ;+Vofdf ;jf/L ;fwg cfjfthfjt ug]{ tyf g]kfn–ef/t k|j]z ug]{ o; If]qdf dflg;x?sf] rxnkxn klg plQs} x'G5 . sf7df8f}+jf6 glhssf] gfsf ePsf sf/0f klg r]lna]6L a]rljvgsf] 6«flGh6 dWo]sf] Ps xf] . ljutnfO{ x]bf{ g'jfsf]6, /;'jf, wflbª, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, sfe|] h:tf lhNnf hxfF cGosf t'ngfdf w]/} r]lna]l6 a]rlavgdf kg]{ u5{g . oL 7fpFaf6 lj/u+h gfsf glhs kg]{ ePsf sf/0f klg of] gfsfnfO{ ;+j]bgzLn dflgPsf] xf] . o;} sf/0f o; gfsfsf] ;'/Iff cj:yfsf af/]df k;f{sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s]zj/fh l3ld/];Fu xfdLn] s'/fsfgL u/]sf 5f}+ . k|:t't 5 s'/fsfgLsf] ;Dkflbt c+zM 13jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 14. 14 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 Dffgj ;Eotf slxNo} klg r'gf}tLaf6 aflx/ 5}g . x/]s sfnv08df dfgj ;Eotf jf ;dfhn] s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] r'gf}tLx?sf] ;fdgf ul//xg'k/]sf] 5 . t/ klg r'gf}tL / ;d:ofx?;Fu h'wb} dfgj ;dfh cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5 . ;dfhdf ljBdfg ?9LjfbL k|rng / lx+;fhGo d'No dfGotfx?nfO{ lrg{ x/]s sfnv08df ;+3if{x? eO/x]sf 5g / eO{ g} /xg]5g . t/, Pp6f hj{h:t tYo s] xf] eg] lx+;f, ckdfg, ul/jL / kL8faf6 dlxnfx? hlxNo} klg a9L k|tfl8t x'Fb} cfPsf 5g . dlxnf dfly x'g] cGofo / ckdfg lj?4df pNn]Vo k|oTg / k|of;x? klg eO/x]sf 5g . t/, o;sf afah't klg cfzfltt ;'wf/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . csf{]tkm{ xfd|f] g]kfnL ;dfh k'?if k|wfg d'No / dfGotfaf6 lgb{]lzt 5 . xfd|f ;fdflhs, cfly{s / ;fF:s[lts d'No / ;+/rgfx?df k'?ifx?s} af]njfnf 5 . h;n] ubf{ g]kfnL ;dfh cfh;Dd dlxnf d}qL aGg ;s]sf] 5}g . gLltut jf sfg'gLut?kdf s]xL ;'wf/ / kl/jt{g eP klg ;dfhsf] tNnf] tx;Dd jf kl/jf/sf] OsfO{;Dd pQm kl/j{tg k'Ug ;s]sf 5}gg . 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] lje]b Go"gLs/0f jf lgoGq0fsf nflu /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L ta/af6 ljleGg k|of;x? eO/x]sf 5g . t/, klg 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] lje]bn] g]kfnL ;dfhdf h/f ufl8/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ sltko ;dfh / If]qdf dlxnfx? of}g bf;tfaf6 u'h|g' kl//x]sf] 5 . cyf{t dlxnfx? Eff]usf] ;fwg dfq aGg lajz 5g . k/Dk/fut lje]bsf sf/0f dlxnfx? lzIff, :jf:Yo / ;Lk ljsf; h:tf clt cfjZos dfgjLo cfjZostfaf6 ;d]t al~rt x'g afWo 5g . dlxnf dfly x'g] lje]bsf] l;nl;nf If]q, ju{ / ;d'bfo cg';f/ km/skm/s klg 5g . lo k[ystf / ;d:ofx?nfO{ klxrfg u/]/ dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;df hf]8 lbg ;lsof] eg] dfq} n}lËs lx+;f jf dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df Go"lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . d'nt dlxnf a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?n] af]8{/ / cWofudg ljefudf ljz]if Wofg lbO/x]sf] b]lvG5 . of] :jfefljs / Wofg k'¥ofpg' kg{] ljifo g} xf] . t/ Pp6L dlxnf bnfnsf] xftdf k/]/ s;/L ;Ldf gfsf;Dd k'U5] eGg] tYonfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] ;Ldf gfsf s8fO{ ub{}df ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'g ;Sb}g . ul/jL, clzIff, r]tgf cefj / kfl/jfl/s lx+;fsf sf/0f dlxnf, o'jtL jf lszf]/Lx? ;Ldf gfsf;Dd k'lu/x]sf 5g . hj;Dd dlxnfnfO{ cfly{s, dfgf]j}1flgs / ;fdflhs ?kdf cfTdlge{/ agfOb}g tj;Dd dlxnf a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf] lj?4df pNn]Vo ;kmntfx? xfl;n x'g ;Sb}g . g]kfnsf] dw]z If]q t'ngfTds?kdf dlxnf jf 5f]/L k|lt a9L c;lxi0f' 5 . d"ntM bx]h k|yf rsf{] ?kdf /x]sf sf/0f dw]zL ;dfhdf 5f]/Lk|lt ulDe/ lje]bx? ljBdfg 5g . 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx;Fu hf]l8Psf] s7f]/ cfly{s ef/sf sf/0f cleefjsx? 5f]/Lsf] hGdnfO{ 5f]/fsf] t'ngfdf ;xh ?kdf lng ;ls/x]sf 5}gg . s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;Ldf lgu/fgLnfO{ cfkmgf] sfo{sf] s]Gb|df /fv]sf] 5 . nnfO{ kmsfO{, cfly{s k|nf]eg jf ljZjf;df k/]/ a]lrg ;Sg] r]nLsf] /Iffsf nflu g]kfnsf k|d'v gfsfx?df s]=cfO{= g]kfn lqmofzLn 5 . t/, l;df lgu/fgLn] dfq dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f jf Go"lgs/0fdf ;kmntf xfl;n ug{ ;lsb}g eGg] dfGotfnfO{ cfTd;fy ub{} s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ;d'bfo :t/df dlxnfx?nfO{ cfTd lge{/ agfpg tyf Ifdtf clej[4L ug{ ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ub{} cfPsf] 5 . k;f{ lhNnfdf klg lqmofzLn /x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfn k;f{ zfvfn] dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;nfO{ dWogh/ ub{} ljleGg sfo{x? ub{} cfPsf] 5 . lj/u+hnfO{ s]Gb| agfpFb} cfkmgf] ultljlw ;+rfng ul//x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfn k;f{ zfvfn] t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xsf] gfddf dlxnf lxt / rf;f];Fu ;DalGwt dlxnf ;d"x u7g u/]sf] 5 . t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xn] ;fdflhs kl/jt{gsf] nflu ljleGg ;dflhs ultljlwx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . o; ;d"xn] ;/sf/L, u}x| ;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yf l;=6L=O{=le=6L=, dlxnf tyf jfnaflnsf sfo{no, g]kfn k|x/L, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no, gu/kflnsf h:tf ;/f] sf/jfnf lgsfo;Fu ;dGjo u/L cfod"ns / ;Lkd"ns tflndx? lbFb} cfPsf] 5 . bh{gf} k6s ;+rfng ePsf o:tf tflndx?n] xfn;Dd ! ;o &% hgf dlxnfx?nfO{ cfTdlge{/ x'g] af6f]df cu|;/ eO/x]sf 5g . t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xn] Psn j[4f dlxnfx?nfO{ ;Ddfg ug]{, 6f]n ;'wf/, ;/;kmfO{, ;dfhdf x'g] n}lËs lx+;fhGo lqmofsnfk lj?4 k}/jL, dfl;s art / Joj;fo ug{ ;'ne Jofhdf C0f nufgL h:tf sfo{x? ul//x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L a]rlavgdf k/]sf jf kfl/Psf dlxnfx?nfO{ Gofo lbnfpg lhDd]jf/ lgsfox?;Fu ;dGjo ug{] sfg'gL pkrf/sf] dfu{ k|;:t ug{] h:tf sfo{x? klg t/fO{ cfdf ;d"xn] ul//x]sf] 5 . o:tf sfo{x?n] yf]/} / ;fgf] If]qdf eP klg dlxnf hfu/0f / clwsf/sf] If]qdf kl/jt{g ug{÷u/fpg ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 . dlxnf cfTdlge{/tf a]rlavg lj?4sf] ;fy{s k|of; dlxnf dfly x'g] lje]bsf] l;nl;nf If]q, ju{ / ;d'bfo cg';f/ km/skm/s klg 5g . lo k[ystf / ;d:ofx?nfO{ klxrfg u/]/ dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf ljsf;df hf]8 lbg ;lsof] eg] dfq} n}lËs lx+;f jf dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df Go"lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . 14 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 15. 15jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 ;~rf/ dfWoddf s]=cfO{= g]kfn æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 16. 16 jif{ @, c+s $, @)&@ r}q M March 2016 k|sfzsM s]=cfO{= g]kfn, hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/, ;HhfM 6r lqmP;g k|f=ln=, afuahf/, sf7df8f}+, kmf]gM )!–$@!%$$* d'b|sM j]i6g lk|lG6ª ;kf]6{ k|f=ln=,;fdfv';L,sf7df8f}+,df]= (*%!)%&!@( zfvf sfof{nox¿ s]=cfO{= g]kfn lj/f6gu/, df]/ª kmf]g g+= )@!–$#%!^!÷(*)@^@!%^@ s]=cfO{= g]kfn lj/+u~h, k;f{ kmf]g g+= )%!–%@^*(&÷(*)@^@!%^# s]=cfO{= g]kfn e/tk'/, lrtjg kmf]g g+= )%^–%@*%^%, %@^)&!÷(*)@^@!%^$÷^% s]=cfO{= g]kfn e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL kmf]g g+= )&!–%@%$&$÷(*)@^@!%^& s]=cfO{= g]kfn s[i0fgu/, slknj:t' kmf]g g+= )&^–%@)%&! ÷(*)@^@!%&! s]=cfO{= g]kfn g]kfnu~h, afFs] kmf]g g+= )*!–%@#^%&÷(*)@^@!%*) s]=cfO{= g]kfn s]Gb|Lo sfof{no hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/ kf]i6 aS; g+= &($* kmf]g g+= M )!–%%###&*, )!–%%$@%#( O{d]nM kinepal@gmail.com | Facebook Page: facebook/KI Nepal | Website: www. kinepal.org s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfo{qmd ;+rflnt lhNnfx¿ k"jf{~rn dWodf~rn klZrdf~rn dWo klZrdf~rn ;'b"/ klZrdf~rn