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1c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 C H E L I S A N D E S H
o; leq
uf]/vfaf6 ljjfx u/]/ lrtjg k'u]sL
OlGb/f aonsf]6L / kltaLrsf]
;DjGw ;'dw'/ lyPg . 3/ snxn]
lbSs ePkl5 OlGb/f afns 5f]/f / 5f]/LnfO{
sfvL Rofk]/ sf7df8f}+ lslt{k'/ l:yt gofF
ahf/ k'lug / Hofnf dhb'/L u/]/ 5f]/f5f]/L
kfNg yflng . Hofnf dhb'/Ls} qmddf pgsf]
bLks >]i7;Fu lrgfhfg eof] . bLksn]
OlGb/fnfO{ a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu dn]l;of
k7fO{ lbg] k|:tfj u/] . OlGb/f klg /fd|f] hflu/
kfpg] cf;df ;xdt t eOg t/, OlGb/f;Fu
kf;kf]6{ dfq xf]Og, gful/stf ;d]t lyPg .
@)&@ d+l;/ ^ ut] OlGb/fnfO{ uf]/vfsf] a;
r9g !@ ;o ?k}ofF lbP/ bLks;Fu} dLgf /fo
gfdsL o'jtL df]6/;fOsndf uf/]vf lhNnfsf]
d;]n uflj; j8f gDj/ ^ df k'u]+ . uf]/vf
k'Ug'sf] Pp6} sf/0f lyof] OlGb/fsf] gful/stf
/ kf;kf]6{ agfpg' . rsf{] k]6«f]lnod kbfy{sf]
cefj eO/x]sf] cj:yfdf df]6/;fOsn lnP/
uf]vf{ k'u]sf bLks / ldgfk|lt :yfgLo cfdf
;d"xnfO{ z+sf nfUof]] / ;d"xn] uf]/vf lhNnf
k|x/L sfof{nodf ph'/L u¥of] . cfdf ;d"xsf]
ph'/Lsf] cfwf/df k|x/Ln] b'a}nfO{ kqmfp
u¥of] . t/, k|x/Ln] ef]lnkN6} 5fl8lbof] .
k|x/Ln] 5f8g'sf k5fl8 …dflysf] bafa xf]Ú
eGg] lgSof{}n cfdf ;d"xsf] 5 .
afFsL k[i7 # »
sf7df8f}+sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L Ps gf/fo0f cof{nsf cg';f/
k]k/ Dofl/h dfkm{t g]kfnL dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]zdf nu]/ a]Rg] lu/f]xx?
;lqmo x'g yfn]kl5 k]k/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ ug'{ k/]sf] xf] .
s]= cfO{= g]kfnåf/f k|sflzt
;dfhzf:qLo tyf dfgjzf:qLo b[li6sf]0fn] lx+;f,
;fdflhs Joj:yf / ;+/rgfsf] pkh dfGb5 . of] kfl/jfl/s,
:yfgLo, /fli6«o ;a} txdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . /fhgLlts,
cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts ;+/rgfn] g} ;dfhdf
lx+;f lgDTofpF5 . dlxnf ePsf] sf/0faf6 dlxnfdfly
ul/g] zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s, ;fdflhs tyf af}l4s zf]if0f,
bdg, oftgf / b'Jo{jxf/nfO{ dlxnf lx+;f elgG5 . ck/fwzf:qL dfwjk|;fb
cfrfo{sf cg';f/ ……;fdflhs / /fhg}lts :t/df k"?ifåf/f dlxnf jf dlxnfåf/f
dlxnf dfly k'¥ofOg] dfgl;s cf3ft jf sfo{ g} dlxnf lx+;fÚÚ xf] .
a]Olhª 3f]if0ffkq tyf sfo{gLlt –!((% sf] kfl/t k|:tfjdf dlxnf lj?¢sf]
lx+;f eGgfn] ……lghL jf ;fj{hlgs hLjgdf dfgl;s jf zf/Ll/s ?kdf vt/f
k'¥ofOg] vfnsf lnªudf cfwfl/t ultljlwx?nfO{ a'‰g' kb{5 . h; cg';f/
kl/jf/df x'g] dfgl;s, zfl/l/s jf of}g lx+;fx?, aflnsf jf u[lx0fLx?sf]
of}g zf]if0f, bfOhf];Fu ;DalGwt lx+;f, anfTsf/, s'6lk6, / s'g}klg vfnsf
rf]6k6s nufpg] sfo{ / s'g} klg vfnsf lx+;f ;DaGwL zf]if0f, ;dfh leq x'g]
zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s / of}g lx+;fx? /fHon] lg0f{o u/]sf] s'g} klg vfnsf] zf/Ll/s,
dfgl;s P+j of}g lx+;fx? kb{5g .
g]kfndf dlxnfdfly x'g] lx+;fx?sf] ljleGg :j?kx? 5g . h; cGtu{t ;DaGw
ljR5]b, ax'ljjfx, afnlajfx, bfOhf] k|yf, s'6lk6, ufnLunf}h, ckx]ngf,
oftgf, lt/:sf/, af]S;Lsf] cf/f]k, hjh{:tL s/0fL, j}jflxs s/0fL, ljwjf
k|yf, 3'D6f] k|yf, cgd]n ljjfx, 5fpk8L k|yf, jfbL k|yf / b]psL k|yf cflb
x'g . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df dlxnfdfly lx+;f x/]s ;d'bfo, ;dfh, ;+:s[lt, wd{df
/x]sf] kfOG5 . lxdfn–kxf8 b]lv t/fO{–dw]z ;Dd pRr 3/flgof b]lv ;'s'Djf;L
´'k8L;Dd, /fhg]tf b]lv dtbftf;Dd hxfF ;'s} hf] ;'s}af6 / hlxn] klg lx+;f
x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgfsf] hf]lvddf dlxnfx? afFlr/x]sf x'G5g . clxn] ;dUf|
d'n'sdf n}lËs lx+;fsf] cfuf] blGs/x]sf] 5 . s}og 36gf x/]s lbg g]kfnL
;dfhdf x'g] u/]sf 5g h:t}M anfTsf/, dlxnf lj?¢ x'g] /fhg}lts lx+;f,
n}lËs lx+;f tyf Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 / d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:ynx?df
sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:of cflb .
o; ;d:ofnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ljut gf} jif{ b]lv dlxnf tyf
afnaflnsf a]rlavg la?¢df ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ljz]if
u/L g]kfn;Fu ;Ldf hf]l8Psf ef/t / rLgsf d'Vo gfsfx?df dfgj a]rlavg
la?4df l;df lgu/fgL ug]{, k/fdz{ ug]{ / ;r]tgf cleofg ;+rfng ul//fv]sf]
5 . ;fy} gfsf If]q tyf k|efljt If]qaf6 a]rlavgdf k/]sf tyf pRr hf]lvddf
/x]sf dlxnf / afnaflnsfx?nfO{ p4f/, k"g:y{fkgf / k"gP{sLs/0fsf]
sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 .
xfn;Dd ;+:yfn] !@ j6f lhNnfx?Dff zfvf sfof{nox? lj:tf/ u/L dfgj
a]rlavg la?4 cleofgx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;'/lIft cfjf;
u[x ;+rfng u/L a]rlavgaf6 kLl8t tyf k|efljtx?nfO{ k"g:yf{kgf tyf
k"gP{sLs/0fsf] sfo{qmdx? klg cleofgsf] ?kdf ;~rfng ul//fv]sf]
5 . o;}qmddf s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] cfGtl/s ?kdf ljz]ifu/L 8fG;af/, Soflag
/]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf If]qx?df bf;Tjk"0f{ hLjg latfO{/x]sf dlxnf
tyf aflnsfx?sf] p4f/, k"g:yf{kgf / pgLx?sf] lzIff / Ifdtfsf] klxrfg
u/L a}slNks k]zf, Joj;fodf nfUg k|f]T;fxg u/fpg] p2]Zon] …gofF hLjgÚ
kl/of]hgf klg ;~rfng u/]sf] 5 .
n}lËs lx++;f / dfgj a]rlavg la?¢ s'g} Ps ;+:yfn] rfx]/ s]xL gx'g] ePsfn]
;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox¿n] ljz]if sbd rfNg' cfjZos 5 . t;y{ tkfO{sf]
3/ leq} of 3/ jl/kl/ r]na]6L a]rlavgsf/L n's]/ a;]sf x'g ;S5g . dlxnf
lx+;fsf kL8sx? x'g ;S5g . o:tf s's[To ug]{x?sf] af/]df xfdLnfO{ ;"rgf lbP/
;xof]u ug{ d ;a}df clkn ub{5' .
/d]z ;fksf]6f
/fli6«o lgb{]zs
xfd|f] egfO{ km]l/bf] dfgj a]rlavg
k]k/ Dof/Lhsf] t:s/L
sfe|]knfGrf]ssL t'n;f tfdfª -gfd
kl/j{gt_ la=la=P;= kf; u/]/ hflu/sf]
vf]hLdf lyOg . w]/} k|oTg kZrft pgn]
Pp6f dfs{]l6ª sDkgLdf hflu/ klg kfOg .
w]/} v6g' kg{] t/ tnj lgs} sd ePsf sf/0f
t'n;fnfO{ hflu/ lrQ a'lem/x]sf] lyPg .
t'n;fsf] clkm; glhs} d]g kfj/ sDkgLsf]
sfof{no lyof] . d]gkfj/ sDkgLsf sd{rf/L
/ t'n;fsf] clkm;sf sd{rf/Lx?sf]
vfhf vfg] xf]6n Pp6} ePsf sf/0f
d]gkfj/df sfd ug{] Ps hgf Ph]G6;Fu
afFsL k[i7 # »
» r]lna]6L a]rlavg lj?4sf]
cleofg =====
» ;'lbgsf] cfzdf k"l0f{df
» s]=cfO{ g]kfnsf sf/0f hf]luPF
» g]kfndf dfgj a]rlavg
» dfgj a]rlavg ===
» l:y/sf] hLjgdf cfPsf] ===
» dfga a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf===
» g]kfnL ;dfhdf===
s
]
2 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 20152 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 20152 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
z'esfdgf
k'?if k|wfg ;dfhsf sf/0f g]kfnL dlxnfx?n] ljleGg k|sf/sf] lx+;f em]Ng'
kl//x]sf] 5 . dlxnf dfly x'g] 3/]n' tyf ;fdflhs lx+;f ;Fu;Fu} g]kfnL
dlxnfx? ljleGg a}b]lzs d'n'sx?df a]lrg jf aGws aGg afWo 5g .
ul/jL, clzIff / a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0f dlxnf a]rljvgsf] hf]lvd al9/x]sf]
5 . csf{]tkm{ e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] ljklQsf sf/0f xfdLn] ef]lu/]x]sf] cfly{s
hl6ntfn] dfgj j]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/nfO{ yk a[4L u/fpg] xf] ls eGg]
lrGtf a9g' c:jefljs xf]Og . o;tkm{ /fHo;Fu;Fu} ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n]
xft]dfnf] u/]/ cufl8 a9g'k5{ .
ljz]ifu/L r]nLa]6L a]rlavgsf] lj?4df g]kfndf w]/} ;fdflhs ;+:yfx?
lqmofzLn 5g . h;n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f / lgoGq0fdf cxd
e"ldsf lgefO/x]sf 5g . s]= cfO{= g]kfn klg ljut Ps bzs b]lv dlxnf
tyf afn–aflnsf lx+;fd"Qm ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{] cleofgdf lqmofzLn /x]sf]
hfgsf/L kfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfu]sf] 5 .
ljleGg sf/0fn] kLl8t / k|efljt dlxnf lbbL–alxgLx?sf] k'g/:yfkgf /
;'/Iffdf yk k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfd ;+rf/ dfWodsf] uxg e"ldsf /xG5 .
xfdLx? clxn] klg ;ªqmd0fsfn ef]lu/x]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ ul/jLsf /]vfd'lg
7"nf] hg;ªVofsf] lx::ff 5Fb}5 . o;/L x]bf{ xfdLn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f
/ Go"gLs/0fsf nflu lgs} nfdf]af6f] to ug{ afFsL g} 5 . l5d]sL d'n's
ef/t;Fusf] v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdLn] pNn]Vo nfex? k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ .
csf{]tkm{ v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdL ljleGg hl6n ;d:ofx?sf] ;fdgfug{
klgjfWo 5f}+ . v'nf l;dfgfn] ubf{ g]kfnn] dfgj a]rlavgsf] 8/nfUbf]
k|tf8gf em]ln/x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf ljleGg ;x/x?df g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg] qmd
ljutdf cToGt} tLa| lyof] . ljut eGbf cfh s]xL lgolGqt b]lvP klg o;n]
;fy{s ;'wf/ k|fKt u/L;s]sf] 5}g .
sf7df8f}b]lv b]zsf ljleGg ;Ldf gfsfx?df ;lqmo /x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf]
k|oTgaf6 w]/} g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 /f]lsg' uf}/jsf] ljifo xf] . csf{]tkm{
dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}lu+s lx+;f k|efljtx?sf nflu k"g/:yfkgf, kl/jf/df
k"gld{ng, Pj+ ;d'bfodf ;Lkd"ns sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] s]=
cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{nfO{ efjL lbgx?df yk k|efsf/L agfpg] ljZjf;
lnPsf] 5' . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ;r]tgf a9fpg]
pb]Zosf ;fy s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ gfds a'n]l6g lg/Gt/ k|sflzt
ul/x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5 . r]nL ;Gb]z :tl/o ?kdf
k|sflzt xf]; . o;n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu ;+rf/ jsfnt
ug{] sfo{nfO{ emg} kl/:s[t / z;Qm agfcf]; eGb} z'esfdgf JoQm ug{
rfxfG5' .
df= rGb|k|sfz -l;=kL=_ d}gfnL
pkk|wfgdGqL
dGqL, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfhsNof0f dGqfno
l;+xb/af/, sf7df8f}+
l } L
2 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
s]=cfO{=g]kfnåf/f c:yfoL :s"n lgdf{0f
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
e"sDkkl5 uf]/vf lhNnfdf ag]sf] :s"nsf] c:yfoL ejg
3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 3
km]l/bf] dfgj==
k]k/ Dof/Lhsf]==
jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
dflysf] 36gfn] r]lna]6L a]rlavgsf] ablnbf]
:j?k / If]qnfO{ :ki6 kf5{ . s]xL dlxgfb]lv lhNnf
k|zf;g sfo{no sf7df8f}+n] ljb]zL gful/s;Fu
g]kfnL o'jtLx?n] ug{] k]k]/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ u/]sf]
5 . g]kfnL r]nLx? ljjfx u/]/ uPkl5 ljleGg
;d:ofdf k/]sf 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs x'g yfn]kl5
k|zf;g sfof{non] s8fO{ u/]sf] xf] .
sf7df8f}+sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L Ps
gf/fo0f cof{nsf cg';f/ k]k/ Dofl/h dfkm{t g]kfnL
dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]zdf nu]/ a]Rg] lu/f]xx? ;lqmo x'g
yfn]kl5 k]k/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ ug'{ k/]sf] xf] .
ljutdf g]kfnL r]lna]6L a]rlavgsf] d'Vo
s]Gb| ef/tLo ;x/x? x'Fb} cfPsf lyP . a]rlavgsf
bnfnx?n] ef/tLo ;x/x?df b]xJofkf/sf] nflu
g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ a]Rg] uy{] . ljleGg k|nf]egdf
kf/]/ jf em'SofP/ ef/t k'¥ofOg] clwsf+; r]nLx?
u|fdL0f e]usf / clzlIft jf sd lzlIft x'g]
uy{] . t/, kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnL r]nLx?sf] a]rlavg
ljZjJofkL aGg k'u]sf] 5 . k9]sf tyf ;x/sf
r]nLx? ;d]t a]rlavgsf] r+u'ndf km:g] u/]sf 5g .
cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] Ps k|ltj]bg cg';f/ dfgj t:s/L
pGd'ng, lgoGq0f / lgodg ug{ g;s]sf d'n'sx?df
g]kfn klg k/]sf] 5 . cd]l/sL k|ltj]bgn] g]kfnnfO{
…l6O{/ 6'Údf /fv]sf] 5 . …l6O{/ 6'Údf o:tf d'n's? k5{g
h;n] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf] Go"gtd dfkb08
xfl;n u/]sf 5}gg, t/ pNn]Vo kxn ul//x]sf 5g .
k|ltj]bgn] s] klg pNn]v u/]sf] 5 eg] ;+;f/sf k|foM
b]zx?df g]kfnaf6 dfgj t:s/L x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
o;n] klg g]kfn dfgj a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvddf
/x]sf] :ki6 kf5{ .
k]k/ Dofl/h, ;/f]u];L, snfsfl/tf tyf j}b]lzs
/f]huf/ g]kfnL dlxnf a]rlavgsf nflu pe{/
cfwf/ alg/x]sf 5g . lxhf] em'SofP/ af]8{/ s6fpg]
bnfnx? cfh ;Dk"0f{ k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ Po/kf]{6df
kf;kf]6{ b]vfP/} ljZjsf t];|f] d'n'sdf dfgj t:s/L
ul//x]sf 5g .
g]kfn k|x/Lsf] dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] 8]S;sf
k|d'v l8cfOhL ld+Udf/ nfdf dfgj a]rlavgnfO{
lgoGq0f ug{ cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo;Fusf] ;xsfo{nfO{
klg hf]8 lbg' kg{] atfpg'x'G5 . nfdfsf cg';f/ g]kfn
k|x/Ln] dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ljb]z
l:yt g]kfnL b'tfjf;df k|x/L ;xrf/Lsf] cfjZostf
dx;'; u/]sf] 5 . h;sf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{
af/Daf/ cfu|x ul/Psf] nfdf atfpg'x'G5 .
dfgj a]rlavg dfq xf]Og dfgj c+u a]rlavgsf
b[li6n] ;d]t g]kfn pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf] b]lvG5 .
k|nf]egdf kf/]/ jf em'SofP/ d[uf}nf t:s/L eO/x]sf
36gfx? ;fj{hlgs eO/x]sf 5g . hfgsf/x?sf
cg';f/ ljz]ift g]kfnL dlxnfx?sf] Jofkf/ ug{]
;~hfn ;+;f/}e/L km}lnPsf] 5 . o:tf ;~hfnn]
ef/t, b'jfO{, stf/, xªsª, l;+ufk'/ / yfONof08nfO{
6«flGh6 agfpFb} cfPsf 5g . Ps cWoog cg';f/
k|lt lbg %$ hgf g]kfnL dlxnfx? cf];f/ k;f/df
kg{] u/]sf 5g . dggLo s'/f s] 5 eg] g]kfndf ;lqmo
r]lna]6L a]rljvgsf bnfnx?df @^ k|ltzt
dlxnfx? g} 5g .
dlxnf jfnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfnosf
k|jStf gf/fo0f k|;fb sfkmn]n] k]k]/ Dofl/hn] w]/}
;d:of lgDTofPsf] atfp5g . sfkmn]n] bnfnx?n]
3jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
t'n;fsf] kl/ro eof] . t'n;fn] Ps lbg Ph]G6;Fu
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] lh1f;f /flvg . /fd|f] tnj /
sfd eP cfkm" klg ljb]z hfg OR5's /x]sf] atfOg .
Ph]G6n] /fd|f] sfd cfP vj/ ug{] jtfP .
s]xL lbgkl5 Ph]G6n] t'n;fnfO{ lab]z hfg] Ps
km/s k|:tfj ;'gfP . Ph]G6sf cg';f/ lgs} nfdf]
;dob]lv g]kfn cfphfp ul//x]sf] Ps hgf sf]l/og
gful/s d+uf]lnog d'nsf] g]kfnL o'jtL;Fu ljjfx ug{
O{R5's /x]sf] / ljjfx u/]/ sf]l/of n}hfg tof/ 5g .
obL t'n;f sf]l/of hfg OR5's eP pQm sf]l/og;Fu
ljjfx ug{ ;lS5g . Ph]G6n] t'n;fnfO{ s] klg ;+emfP
eg] Ps 8]9 jif{kl5 sf]/Log;Fusf] bfDkTo hLjg
dg k/]g jf sf]l/og;Fu a:g dg nfu]g eg] ;DjGw
ljR5]b u/]/ :jtGq hLjg hLpg klg ;lsG5 .
t'n;fnfO{ z'?df t Ph]G6sf] k|:tfj dg k/]g . t/,
Ph]G6n] lgs} s/ u/]kl5 t'n;f sf]l/ognfO{ e]6g
nflhDkf6sf] Uofªhf]ª xf]6n k'lug . /fd|f] cªu|]hL
af]Ng] tyf ;fdfGo g]kfnL ;d]t a'emg] sf]l/ogsf]
xflb{s Jojxf/n] t'n;f k|efljt eOg . sf]l/ogn]
cfkm"nfO{ g]kfnL s]6Lx? c;n nfu]sf sf/0f ljjfx
ug{ OR5's /x]sf] atfof] . sf]l/ogn] jif{sf] slDtsf
tLg k6s >LdtL;Fu} cfkm" g]kfn cfpg] klg atfof]
/ ljjfx u/]/ nu]sL >LdtLnfO{ sf]l/ofdf nu]/ /fd|f]
hflu/ nufO{ lbg] jfrf ;d]t u¥of] .
e]63f6kl5 t'n;fsf] sf]l/og;Fu lg/Gt/ ;Dks{ x'g
yfNof] . sf]l/og gful/s t'n;fnfO{ b}lgs kmf]g
uYof{] eg] km];a's dfkm{t dfofn] el/Psf Dof;]hx?
k7fpFYof] . lj:tf/} t'n;f sf]l/og gful/stkm{ em'sfj
a9fpg yflng / sf]l/og;Fu ljjfx ug{ d~h'/ x'Fb}
uOg . t'n;fn] eQmk'/df yfªsf Joj;fo ;~rfng
ul//x]sf cfkmgf sfsfnfO{ sf]l/og / cfkmgf]
;DjGw tyf ljjfxsf] ljifodf atfOg . sfsfn] klg
sf]l/ognfO{ e]6] / pgn] klg sf]l/ogdf s'g} vf]6
b]vfpg ;s]gg . kfl/jfl/s ;xdlts} cfwf/df
t'n;f / sf]l/og gful/sn] ;g @)!# sf] km]a|'c/Ldf
sf7df8f}+af6 sf]6 Dofl/h u/] . ljjfx u/]sf] Ps
dlxgf kZrft t'n;f sf]l/og;Fu sf]l/of pl8g .
sf]l/of k'u]kl5 dfq pgn] yfxf kfOg sf]l/og
gful/s ;x/sf] geP/ ufpFsf] afl;Gbf lyof] . p;sL
cfdfn] cs{};Fu ljjfx u/]sL lyOg . h;n] ubf{ pm
/ p;sL alxgLnfO{ ;f}t]gL cfdfn] x'sf{PsL lyOg .
alxgLsf] ljjfx eO;s]sf] / ;f}t]gL cfdfsf] klg
d[To' eO;s]sf]n] 3/df afa' / ! hgf ;f}t]gL efO
dfq lyP .
Ps8]9 dlxgfsf] a;fO{kl5 t'n;fnfO{ s] a'emg ufx|f]
k/]g eg] p;sf] >Ldfgn] pgnfO{ ljjfx ug'{sf] Pp6}
dfq sf/0f 3/]n' sfdbf/ agfpg' lyof] . klxnfsf]
jfrf ;DemfpFb} t'n;f klt;Fu u'gf;f] ug{ yflng .
t'n;fsf] u'gf;f] lj:tf/} la/f]wdf jblnPkl5 kltsf]
qmf]wsf] dfqf klg a9of] . dfofn' 7fg]sf] klt lx+;|s
aGg yfn]kl5 t'n;f 5fFufaf6 vl;g . t'n;fsf
b'lb{g To;lbgaf6 z'? eof], h'g lbg pgL b]j/af6
anfTs[t eOg . b]j/n] u/]sf] ck/fwnfO{ kltn]
;fdfGo ?kdf lnOlbPkl5 t'n;fsf] g/s ofqf ;'?
eof] . >Ldfg / b]j/af6 anfTs[t x'g' pgsf] b}lgsL
aGg k'Uof] . t'n;fnfO{ 6]lnkmf]g tyf OG6/g]6sf]
kx'Fraf6 6f9} /flvof] . em08} 8]9jif{sf] oftgf
kZrft t'n;f 3/af6 efu]/ sf]l/ofsf] /fhwfgL
l;of]n cfOk'lug . /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf sf]l/of
k'u]sf Ps g]kfnLsf] ;xof]udf gf]e]Dj/ @)!$ df
g]kfn cfpg ;kmn eOg .
t'n;f g]kfn cfPkl5 dfq yfxf eof], Ph]G6n]
t'n;f;Fu ljjfx u/fOlbP jfkb sf]l/og;Fu !
nfv @) xhf/ ?k}ofF lnPsf] /x]5 . t'n;fsf]
s]; k|x/L;Dd k'Uof] . Ph]G6n] sf]l/o;g;Fu !
nfv @) xhf/ lnPsf] klg k|x/Ln] kQf nufof] .
t/, t'n;fn] sf]l/og;Fu sfg'gL ljjfx u/]/ uPsL
lyOg . h;n]ubf{ Ph]06nfO{ sfg'gL sf/jfxL ug{
;d:of k¥of] .
a]rlavgsf] cfofd abn]sf] cg'kftdf lgoGq0fsf]
ultljwL k5fl8 k/]sf] l:jsf5{g . a]rlavgdf
k/]sf r]nLx?sf] k"g/:yfkgfsf nflu sf7df8f}+d}
bL3{sfnLg k"g:yf{kgf s]Gb| lgdf{0f ug{ nfluPsf]
sfkmn]sf] egfO{ 5 .
dfgja]rlavgsf] km]l/bf] :j?knfO{ lgoGq0f
ug{ k/Dk/fut ;+oGq / ;f]rn] dfq ;+ej
5}g . o;sf cfofd / :j?kx?af/] ulx/f] cWoog
/ cg';Gwfg cfjZos 5 . To;}u/L /fHo tyf
cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] ablnFbf] :j?k cg';f/sf]
/fli6«o tyf cGt/fli6«o :t/sf] PsLs[t sfo{ ug'{kg{]
b]lvG5 .
3jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
qmdz k[i7 ! af6
qmdz k[i7 ! af6
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
4 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
@)^$ ;fn df3df :yfkgf ePsf] lsª8d
OGe]:6d]G6 g]kfn cyf{t s]=cfO{= g]kfn,
r]nLa]6L a]rljvg lj?4sf cleofg tyf
dlxnf Ifdtf clea[4L;Fu ;DjlGwt ljleGg
sfo{qmdx?df ;lqmo /xFb} cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL
;dfhdf /x]sf] dfgj j]rlavg tyf cf];f/
k;f/ ;DjGwL ljleGg ck/fw lgoGq0fsf
nflu lqmofzLn s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ljz]ifu/L
r]nLx?;Fu ;DalGwt hgr]tgfd'ns sfo{qmd,
;'/lIft cfjf; u[x, k/fdz{, p4f/ tyf ;Ldf
lgu/fgL sfo{qmd, l;k tyf cfod'ns sfo{qmd
/ z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cfkm"nfO{ s]lGb|t u/fpFb}
cfPsf] 5 .
:yfkgfsf] jif{ cyf{t @)^$ ;fn af6} zfvf
sfof{no :yfkgf u/]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf
xfn;Dd !@ j6f lhNnf zfvfx? ;+rfngdf
cfO{;s]sf 5g . slknj:t' lhNnfsf]
s[i0fgu/df klxnf] zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf
ul/Psf] lyof] . ljz]ifu/L ef/t;Fu /x]sf k|d'v
;Ldf gfsfx?nfO{ dWogh/ub{} :yfkgf ul/Psf
zfvf sfof{nox? dfkm{t ef/t tyf ef/t
x'Fb} ljZjsf t];|f] d'n'sdf a]rljvgsf nflu
nluPsf jf a]rljvgsf] hf]lvddf k/]sf
r]nLx?sf] p4f/ tyf k/fd;{ sfo{ x'Fb} cfPsf]
5 .
;g @)!% sf] tYofªsnfO{ x]g{] xf] eg] s]=cfO{=
g]kfnsf zfvf sfof{nox?af6 @% xhf/ eGbf
a9L r]nLx?n] k/fdz{ ;]jf k|fKt u/]sf 5g .
ef/ttkm{ hfg nfu]sf r]nLx?nfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf]
k/fdz{ ;]jfsf sf/0f sltko hf]lvddf /x]sf
r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 hf]luPsf 5g eg] dfgj
a]rlavgsf lu/f]xx?nfO{ sfg"gsf] bfo/f;Dd
Nofpg ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 . s]= cfO{ g]kfnsf]
xfn;Dd s+rgk'/, gjnk/f;L, AffFs], ?kGb]xL,
s}nfnL, slknj:t', emffkf, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, k;f{,
df]/ª / lrtjgdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf
r]nLa]6L a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofgM s]=cfO{= g]kfn
eO;s]sf 5g eg] cfjZostf cg';f/ yk
zfvf lj:tf/ cufl8 al9/x]sf 5g .
ut jif{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] slknj:t' zfvfaf6
;j}eGbf a9L $,#$! hgf r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{
;]jf k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . To;}u/L bnfn
jf ljleGg sf/0fn] l;dfgfsf;Dd k'u]sf /
a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf !%* hgf
r]nLx?nfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ?kGb]xL zfvfn]
3/ kmsf{pg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . h'g s]= cfO{=
g]kfnsf] cGo zfvfsf] t'ngfdf ;j}eGbf a9L
xf] . ?kGb]xL zfvfn] g} a]rlavg;Fu ;DjlGwt
&& j6f s]z k|x/LnfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] lyof]
eg] emfkf zfvf dfkm{t & hgf r]nLx?nfO{
k'g/:yfkgf s]Gb|df k7fOPsf] 5 .
:yfkgfsf] cf7 jif{sf] jLrdf nfvf}+ r]nLx?nfO{
ljleGg txsf] ;]jf k'¥ofO;s]sf] s]=cfO{=
g]kfnn] ut jif{ dfq} a]rlavg;Fu ;DjlGwt
!% j6f ck/fwnfO{ cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofPsf]
5 . s}nfnL zfvfn] anfTs[t Ps hgf r]nLsf]
;Dk"0f{ pkrf/ u/]sf] lyof] eg] emfkf zfvfn]
btf{ u/fPsf] d'2fdf ;DdfgLt lhNnf cbfntn]
bf]ifL 7x/ ub{} @ hgfnfO{ !% jif{ / ! hgfnfO{
!) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo km};nf u/]sf] lyof] .
s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf lhNnf zfvfx?n] gLoldt
?kdf ;Ldfdf lgu/fgL ul//x]sf 5g . h;n]ubf{
a]rlavgdf kg{ ;Sg] r]nLx?sf] p4f/df 7'nf]
;xof]u k'Ub} cfPsf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ :yfgLo
:t/df ;+rfng ul/Psf ;r]tgfd'ns tyf
cfocfh{gd'vL ljleGg sfo{qmdx?sf sf/0f
a]rlavgsf] hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fdf k|ToIf jf
ck|ToIf ;xof]u k'Ug ;s]sf] 5 .
;Ldf If]qdf ;lqmo s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf
lhNnf zfvfx?n] b]zleqsf ;/f]sf/jfnf
lgsfox?;Fu;Fu} l5d]sL d'n's ef/t ;Dj4
;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu klg ;dGjfoTds
ultljwLnfO{ hf]8 lbFb} cfPsf 5g . ljz]ifu/L
ef/tLo ;Ldfdf ;lqmo ef/tLo ;Ldf ;'/Iff
an P;=P;=la=;Fu x/]s zfvfn] ;Dks{–
;DaGw lj:tf/ u/]sf 5g . h;sf sf/0f
;Ldfgfsfaf6 x'g] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg sfo{
Go"gLs/0fdf PsLs[t k|of; x'g ;s]sf] 5 .
To;}u/L ef/tLo ;+rf/sdL{ / a]rljvgsf]
If]qdf ;lqmo ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yfx?;Fu
;DalGwt lhNnf zfvfx?n] ;DjGw lj:tf/
u/]sf 5g . h;sf sf/0f ;Ldf gfsf
sl6;s]sf r]nLx?sf] p4f/ ug{ ;d]t lgs}
;lhnf] x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf zfvf sfof{nox?n]
:yfgLo :t/df dlxnfx?sf] ;d"x u7g,
dlxnf clwsf/ tyf ;'/Iff;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVg]
cGt/f{li6«o lbj; Pjd cleofgx?sf] :yfgLo
If]qdf cfof]hgf / ;xeflutf, ;8s gf6s,
xf]l8{Ë af]8{ tyf :yfgLo /]l8of] / kqklqsf
dfkm{t a]rlavgsf] ;DjGwdf ;"rgf
k|jfx, ;xsf/L lgdf{0f;Fu;Fu} dlxnfx?nfO{
cfocfh{g tkm{ clek|]l/t u/fpg] ljleGg
tflndx?sf] cfof]hgf nufotsf sfo{x?
ub{} cfPsf 5g . To;}u/L a]lrPsf jf
pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ s]= cfO{=
g]kfnn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] k'g/:yfkgf u[x;Dd
k'¥ofpg] tyf sltko r]nLx?sf] kfl/jfl/s
k'gld{ng u/fpg] sfo{ klg x'Fb} cfPsf 5g .
r]nLa]6L a]rlavgsf] lgoGq0f / Go"gLs/0fsf
nflu To;df klg ;Ldf gfsfx?df /x]/
lgu/fgLsf] sfd ug'{ lgs} r'gf}tLk"0f{ 5 .
ljz]ifu/L v'nf l;dfgfsfsf sf/0f cg'udg
jf lgu/fgL sfo{df lgs} ;d:of x'g] u/]sf]
5 . csf{]tkm{ ;'/Iff lgsfosf sd{rf/Lx?sf]
tLj| ;?jfn] klg r]nLa]6L a]rlavg
tyf Go"gLs/0fdf ;d:ofx? k}bf eO/x]sf
5g . ljz]ifu/L ;Ldf If]qdf /x]/ sfo{ubf{
:yfgLo ;'/Iff lgsfo;Fusf] ;dGjo lgs} g}
:yfkgfsf] cf7 jif{sf] jLrdf nfvf}+
r]nLx?nfO{ ljleGg txsf] ;]jf k'¥ofO{ ;s]sf]
s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ut jif{ dfq} a]rlavg;Fu
;DalGwt !% j6f ck/fwnfO{ cbfnt;Dd
k'¥ofPsf] 5 . s}nfnL zfvfn] anfTs[t Ps
hgf r]nLsf] ;Dk"0f{ pkrf/ u/]sf] lyof] eg]
emfkf zfvfn] btf{ u/fPsf] d'2fdf ;Ddflgt
lhNnf cbfntn] bf]ifL 7x/ ub{} @ hgfnfO{ !%
jif{ / ! hgfnfO{ !) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo km};nf
u/]sf] lyof] .
4 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
5c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}l·s lx+;f M sf/0f / ;dfwfg
;dfh w]/} hfthflt, efiff, j0f{ / ju{ ldn]/
ag]sf] x'G5 . oxfF c;n tyf v/fa b'a}
vfn] dflg;x? /x]sf x'G5g . o:t} qmddf
c;n dflg;x?n] ;dfhnfO{ /fd|f] af6f]lt/
dfu{lgb]{z ul//x]sf x'G5g eg] v/fa dflg;x?n]
;dfhnfO{ ktgsf] af6f]lt/ ws]ln/x]sf x'G5g .
cfh xfd|f] ;dfhdf dfgj a]rlavg, anfTsf/,
3/]n' lx+;f, n}lu+s lx+;f nufotsf cdfgjLo
lqmofsnfkx?af6 ljz]if u/L dlxnf tyf
afnaflnsfx? k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 36gfx?
gb]v]sf], g;'g]sf] lbg} 5}g .
dflg;n] dflg;nfO{ j:t';/x lsga]r ug'{
cdfgjLo / 3[l0ft sfo{ xf] . cfh xfd|f
xhf/f}+ r]nLx?n] d[To'j/0f ul/;s]sf 5g eg]
slt hLjg / d[To'sf] bf];ffwdf 56k6fO/x]sf
5g . sltko dlxnfx? cfˆg} 3/sf] rf/ s'gfdf
cfFz' lkP/ afRg afWo 5g .
dflg;nfO{ j:t';/x a]lrg'sf sf/0fx?dWo]
clzIff / hgr]tgfsf] sdL d'Vo xf] . oltdfq
geP/ u/Llasf] sf/0fn] klg dflg;x? a]lrg
afWo 5g . a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0fn] dflg;x?
;lhn} bnfnsf] kf;f]df k/]sf] xfdL
kfpF5f}+ . ha;Dd k|To]s dflg;x? lzIffsf]
pHofnf] 3fdaf6 al~rt x'G5g ta;Dd oL
a]rlavg nufotsf 36gfx? al9g}/xg]5g .
dflg;nfO{ o:tf] a]rlavgdf kg{af6 /f]Sg, ;r]t
u/fpg lzIffsf] cfjZostf 5 . lzIfffnfO{
dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 . csf{]tkm{ ;+:yfsf] sfo{k|0ffnL
tyf ;+:yf / ;'/Iff lgsfoaLr ag]sf] ;~hfn
jf ;Dks{ a'em]sf ;'/IffsdL{ ;?jf eP/ csf{]
;'/IffsdL{ cfpFbf pQm ;'/IffsdL{nfO{ :yfgLo
j:t'l:ytL a'emg g} ;do nfU5 . ;Ldfgfsfaf6
r]nLx?nfO{ ef/tLo ;x/;Dd n}hfg] ;jfndf
cfk/flws lu/f]xnfO{ kqmg jf r]nLx?nfO{
hfgaf6 /f]Sg ;"rgfsf] cToflws dxTj /xG5 .
o:tf] cj:yfdf ;'/Iff ;Dj4 If]qsf sd{rf/Lx?
l56f]l56f] ;?jf x'Fbf ;"rgfsf] ;|f]tx?n] ;d]t
lg/Gt/tf kfpFb}gg . To;}u/L s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf
zfvf sfof{nodf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx? ;d]t
sltko cj:yfdf c;'/Iffaf]waf6 kLl8t x'g'
kg{] cj:yfx? ;[hgf x'G5g . ;Ldf lgu/fgLdf
a;]sf] sd{rf/L :j+o g} c;'/lIft /xg k'Uof]
eg] sfo{;Dkfbgdf g} ;d:ofx? x'g' :jefljs
xf] . /fHo ;Dj4 ;'/Iff lgsfon] k|bfg ug'{
kg{] ;'/Iff / ;lqmotfsf cefjdf zfvfsf
sd{rf/Lx? c;'/lIft aGg k'U5g . csf{]tkm{
dfgj a]rlavgdf cGt/fli6«o If]qsf cfk/flws
lu/f]xx? g} ;+rflnt x'Fbf o:tf lu/f]xx?sf]
kx'Fr / ;fdfYo{sf sf/0fn] klg c;'/Iffsf]
;+efjgf a9]/ hfG5 . sltko 36gfdf r]nLa]6L
a]rlavgsf bf]ifLx?nfO{ /fhgLlts ;+/If0f
k|fKt x'g'n] klg r]lna]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f
tyf lgoGq0fsf] sfo{df ;d:of k}bf eO/x]sf]
5g . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;lqmotfdf ljleGg
ufpFx?df dlxnf ;d"xx? u7g ePsf 5g . o:tf
;d"x dfkm{t dlxnfx?sf] cfly{s tyf r]tgfut
Ifdtf clea[4L;Fu;Fu} r]lna]6L a]rlavg
la?4sf ljleGg ultljwLx?nfO{ cufl8 a9fpg]
nIo /flvPsf] 5 . t/, ;dfhn] dfgj a]rlavg
tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0fnfO{ cem} klg pRr
k|fyldstfdf g/fVbf lgdf{0f ePsf ;d"x?n]
klg a]rljvgsf] ljifodf oy]i6 sfd ug{ ;s]sf
5}gg . h;n] ubf{ klg a]rlavg lgoGq0f
tyf Go"gLs/0fsf] sfo{ r'gf}ltk"0f{ alg/x]sf]
5 . /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf]
nflu bL3{sfnLg of]hgf lgdf{0f / jt{dfgdf k|fKt
sfg"gsf] cfwf/df sfof{Gjog u/fpg] ljifodf
7f]; sbd grfNg'n] cf;fnfUbf pknAwLx?
xfl;n ug{ d'l:sn ePsf] 5 .
5c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
:s"nb]lv sn]h;Dd lgMz'Ns agfpg h?/L 5 .
dlxnfx?nfO{ bfOhf] gNofPsf] lgx'Fdf >Ldfg
/ 3/k/Ljf/af6 zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s oftgf
lbOPsf] 5 eg] sltsf] xTof;Dd u/LPsf] 5 .
bfO{hf] k|yfn] klg xfd|f] ;dfhdf dlxnf dflysf]
lx+;fnfO{ k|>o lbO/x]sf] 5 . ;uF;u}+ slyt
af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf klg cfh dlxnf dfly
h3Go lx+;f ePsf] 5 . u/La / ljwjf dlxnfx?
ljz]if u/L o:tf lx+;fsf] lzsf/ ePsf 5g .
ca o:tf cdfgjLo ultljlwnfO{ Go"lgs/0f
ug{ 1fg / r]tgfsf] lau'n km'Sg'kb{5 ;fy;fy}
n}lËs lx+;f /f]Sgsf nflu dlxnfx? klg Ps
cfk;df ;+ul7t x'g h?/L 5 . dflg;x?df Pstf
/ ljZjf; gePsfn] klg lx+;fx? a9]sf 5g .
dlxnfx? a9L dfqfdf hftLo, bfO{hf] / of}]ghGo
tyf af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf zf]lift / kLl8t eO/x]sf
5g . zf]if0f / bdgsf] kbf{ RoftL pHofnf]tkm{
n}hfg ljBfno lzIffaf6} o:tf vfnsf lx+;fsf
af/]df hfgsfl/ u/fpg cfjZos 5 . a]rlavg
/f]Sgsf nfuL ;~rf/sf ljleGg dfWodx? Hf:t}M
/]l8of], l6=eL= kqklqsf / gf6ssf dfWodaf6
hgr]tgf hufpg'kb{5 . dfgj a]rlavg /
n}lËs lx+;f cGTo ug{ dlxnfx?nfO{ cfly{s
?kn] ;Ifd agfpg' cfjZos 5 . a]rlavg
ug]{ bnfnnfO{ d[To'b08sf] ;hfo lbg] lgod
sfg'g ca /fHon] agfpg'k5{ . ;fy} g]kfnsf
w]/} dflg;x? ef/tdf a]lrg k'u]sfn] g]kfn /
ef/tsf] l;df gfsfx?df s8f ;'/Iff / g]kfn
ef/taLrsf] v'Nnf l;dfgfnfO{ s8fOsf ;fy
;'/IffTds agfpg' kb{5 . ha;Dd /fHodf o:tf]
sfg"gL Joj:yf x'b}+g ta;Dd tL lx+;|sx?n]
cfˆgf] :jfdLTj hdfO/fVg] 5g .
ca xfdL dfgj a]rlavglj?4,
n}lËs lx+;flj?4 ufpF+ ufpF af6, a:tL a:tL
af6 p7L h'g;'s} cj:yfdf klg ;'/lIft /xg
;Sg] jftfj/0fsf] ;[hgf ug{ /fHonfO{ bafa
lbg'kb{5 . ljleGg 7fFpdf hgr]tgf km}nfpgsf
nflu ljleGg hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd ug'{kb{5 .
o:tf ;d:ofx? Smltko cfˆg} nfk{aflxn] klg
cfpg ;Sg] x'Fbf s;}n] nf]e / nfnr b]vfP/
j}jflxs ;DaGw ufF:g vf]h] cfkm" ;t{s
/xg'k5{ . o;sf] nflu ljz]if u/L lszf]/fj:yfsf
dlxnfx? ;r]t x'g h?/L x'G5 .
cGTodf dfgj a]rlavg ug{' ck/fwhGo
sfo{ xf] . o:tf ck/fw ug]{ ck/fwLnfO{
d[To'b08 / kmfF;Lsf] ;hfo x'g'k5{ . lzIffnfO{
Jojxfl/s ?kdf nfu' ug'{kb{5 / dfgj
a]rlavg tyf n}lËs lx+;f nufotsf
r]tgfd"ns ljifox?nfO{ ljBfno lzIff b]lv
g} nfu' ug'{kb{5 . tadfq xfdL xfd|f] ;dfh /
/fi6nfO{ dfgj a]rlavgd'Qm, n}lËs lx+;f /lxt
/fi6« lgdf{0f ug{ ;S5f}+ .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
n}lËs lx+;f lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cGt{/fli6«o cleofgsf cj;/df s]=cfO{= g]kfnåf/f pRr df=lj df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?;uF cfof]hgf
u/LPsf] lgaGw k|ltof]uLtf sfo{qmdsf] k|yd :yfg k|fKt lgaGw ==
zflGt rf}w/L
sIff M !), ledf]bo p=df=lj kbdk'/ lrtjg
6 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 20156 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
sfFs8le§fdf s]=cfO{= g]kfn
v'Nnf l;df gfsfsf sf/0f g]kfnL r]nLx?
ef/tLo zx/df a]rlavg x'g] qmdnfO{ dWogh/
ub}{ ;Ldf gfsfdf lgu/fgL u/fpg] clek|fon]
s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ef/t;Fu hf]l8Psf k|d'v
;Ldf gfsfx?df cfkmgf] zfvf lj:tf/ ul//x]sf]
5 . ;f]xL cg'?k g} k"j{sf] emfkf lhNnfl:yt
sfFs8le§fdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ul/Psf]
5 . dfgj a]rlavg h:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{
lg?T;flxt u/fpg ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?;Fu
xft]dfnf] ub}{ sfFs8le§f zfvfn] lhNnf
k|zf;gsfof{no,lhNnfljsf;;ldlt,lhNnf
k|x/L sfof{no, Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no, :yfgLo
gu/kflnsf tyf uflj; sfof{no, eG;f/
sfof{no, :yfgLo ;fdflhs tyf /fhgLlts
;+u7g / JolQmx?nufot ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu
;dGjo u/L ;Ldf lgu/fgL ;]jf k|bfg ul//x]sf]
5 . k}bn tyf ljleGg ;jf/L ;fwgx? k|of]u
u/L ef/ttkm{ hfg nfu]sf ofqLx?nfO{ /f]sL
;'/lIft :yfgfGt/0f, dfgj a]rlavg / of}ghGo
/f]ux?sf ljifodf klg ;"rgf / k/fdz{ k|bfg
ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;g @)!% sf] ;'?jftL cf7
dlxgfdf Ps xhf/ % ;o (^ hgf r]nLx?nfO{
k/fdz{ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . o;qmddf s]=cfO{=
g]kfn zfvf :yfkgf ePsf] cf7 dlxgfsf]
cjlwdf &^ hgf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf
r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ u/L cleefjs;Fu k'gld{ng
u/fP/ 3/ kmsf{OPsf] 5 . cf7 dlxgfsf]
cjlwdf $( hgf r]nLx?nfO{ yk cg';Gwfgsf
nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfodf k7fOof] eg] dfgj
a]rlavgdf ;+nUgtf /x]sf] cfwf/df b'O{j6f
36gfdf sfg'gL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOPsf] lyof] .
;+:yfdfkm{t cufl8 a9fOPsf] pQm a]rlavgsf]
36gf cGtu{t tLg hgfnfO{ cbfntaf6 bf]ifL
7x/ u/L b'O{hgfnfO{ !% jif{sf] / Ps hgfnfO{
!) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo tf]lsPsf] 5 .
lgu/fgLsf qmddf e]l6Psf pRr hf]lvddf
/x]sf sltko r]nLx?nfO{ kl/jf/;Fu k'gld{ng
u/fpg ;xh x'G5 t sltko r]nLx?sf] ;xh}
kl/jf/df kms{g ;Sg] cj:yf /xFb}g . o;
;+:yfaf6 a]rlavg k|efljt r]nLx?nfO{
dgf]k/fdz{ ;Fu;Fu} ?rL / Ifdtf cg';f/sf
l;nfO{a'gfO{ nufotsf cfod"ns ;Lkx? klg
k|bfg x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . h;dWo] 5 hgf pRr
hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nL / Pshgf a]rljvg
k|efljt r]nLnfO{ cleefjssf] :jLs[ltdf
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] lrtjgl:yt k"g:yf{kgf
s]Gb|df k7fOPsf] 5 .
dfgj a]rljvg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu pgLx?nfO{
cfjZos k/fdz{ / ;"rgf ;Fu;Fu} :jfenDag
agfpg' klg h?/L 5 . lsgls clwsf+z
a]rlavgsf 36gfx? k5fl8 dlxnfx?sf]
k'?if;Fusf] cfly{s lge{/tf, a]/f]huf/L /
ul/jL k|i6 b]lvG5g . t;y{M a]rlavg la?4
dlxnfx?nfO{ ;f+u7lgs ?kdf ;r]t u/fpFb}
pgLx?nfO{ cyf]{kfh{gsf] If]qdf lqmofzLn
agfpg] p2]Zon] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfFs8le§f
zfvfn] d]rL gu/kflnsfsf ljleGg j8fdf
r]nL ;d"x :yfkgfnfO{ klg dxTj lb+b} cfPsf]
5 . o;} ;Gbe{df d]rL gu/kflnsf–!) df k"j]{nL
Pstf dlxnf ;d"x u7g ul/Psf] 5 . ;d"x
dfkm{t dlxnf a]rljvg tyf dlxnf lx+;fsf
ljifodf ;r]tgfTds sfo{qmd / cyf]{kfh{gsf
nflu l;nfO{s6fO{ tfnLd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .
:yfgLo ;/f]sf/jfnf nufot ;+3
;+:yfx?sf] aLrdf /x]/ r]nLa]6L a]rlavg
Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ul/Psf k|oTgx?n]
s]xL ;sf/fTds kl/0ffd xfl;n u/]sf] ePklg
;+:yfn] ljleGgvfn] r'gf}tLsf] ;fdgf ug'{
kl//x]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L cfjZos hgzlQmsf]
cefjsf sf/0f l;df lgu/fgLdf afwf kl//x]sf]
5 . csf]{tkm{ d'2f btf{ ubf{ ;fIfLsf] cefj,
sltko cj:yfdf cfk/flws lqmofsnfkdf
;+nUgx?nfO{ :yfgLox?af6 lbOg] ;+/If0f, k|x/L
tyf cbfntsf] emGeml6nf] sfg'gL k|lqmof
kLl8tsf cleefjsaf6 cbfnt;fd" km]l/g]
aofgh:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ r]nLa]6L a]rlavg
Go"gLs/0fsf] k|of;df yk ;jntf k|fKt x'g
;ls/x]sf] 5}g . csf]{tkm{ k"g:yf{kgf ul/Psf
sltko r]nLx?df ;d]t cfjZos l:y/tf /
hLjgk|ltsf] ;sf/fTds b[li6sf]0f galglb+bf
sfo{;Dkfbgdf c;xhtf k}bf eO/x]sf] 5 .
s'g} sfo{ r'gf}tLljxLg x'Fb}gg . ;d:ofsf]
huaf6 g} ;dfwfgsf pkfox? klxNofpg]
xf] . t;y{ s]=cfO{= g]kfn sfFs8le§f zfvfn]
;fdgf ul//x]sf ;d:of / r'gf}tLx?nfO{
cj;/sf] ?kdf kl/0ft ug'{k5{ eGg]tkm{ xfdLx?
k|ltj4 5f}+ . b]lvPsf r'gf}tLx? Go'gLs/0f
ub}{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu Pstfj4 eP/ r]nLa]6L
a]rljvg lj?4sf] sfo{nfO{ yk k|efjsf/L
agfpg s]=cfO{= g]kfn sfFs8le§f zfvf
lqmofzLn /xg] 5 . h;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{
;/f]sf/jfnfx?af6 cfjZos ;xof]u / ;dy{g
k|fKt x'g] ljZjf; ub{5f}+ .
s]Gb|Lo :t/sf ultljlwx¿
6 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
n}lËs lx+;f la?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofg
/]l8of] sfo{qmd …r]nL cfjfhÚsf] pTkfbg sfo{
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] jflif{s ;fwf/0f;ef
k'g:yfkgf s]Gb|df /dfpFb} lbbL alxgL
7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
;'lbgsf] cfzdf k"l0f{df
6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] k"l0f{dfnfO{ Pp6f u]i6 xfp;df lnP/ uof] . vfgf vfP/
6ofS;L 8«fOe/ klg k"l0f{df;Fu} Pp6} vf6df ;'Tg tof/ eof] . k"l0f{dfn] ;Fu}
;'Tg dflgg . t/, 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] afWo agfPkl5 pgsf] s]xL nfu]g .
;xf/f 7fg]sf] 8«fOe/af6 g} pgL anfTs[t eOg .
cefj, ul/jL / clzIffaf6
g]kfnL ;dfh cfqmfGt 5 . g]kfnL
;dfhsf] of] sdhf]/L jf jfWotf
dfgj j]rlvgsf ck/fwLx?sf nflu pe{/
e"dL alg/x]sf] 5 . ul/jLsf sf/0f sof}+
u|fdL0f cfdfafa'x? cfkmgf ;GtfgnfO{
3/]n' sfdbf/sf] ?kdf ;x/ k7fpg afWo 5g .
l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnfsL k"l0f{d e§/fO{ -gfd
kl/jt{g_ klg !$ jif{sf] pd]/df Ps hgf
ufpFn];Fu sf7df8f}+ cfOg . sf7df8f}+ Nofpg]
dflg;n] pgsf] afa'cfdf;Fu …5f]/LnfO{ /fd|f]
3/df hfuL/ nufOlbg]Ú jfrf u/]sf] lyof] . x'g
t k"l0f{dfsf afa'cfdfnfO{ 5f]/LnfO{ sfd ug{
k7fpg] dg lyPg . t/, r/d ul/jLsf sf/0f
tLg 5f]/L ;lxtsf] kfFr hgfsf] kl/jf/ kfNg
lgs} ;d:of eO/x]sf] lyof] . tLg 5f]/L dWo]sL
h]7L 5f]/L k"l0f{dfnfO{ sfdsf nflu sf7df8f}+
k7fpg kfP Ps t kl/jf/df cfjZos cfly{s
af]em sd x'GYof], eg] 5f]/Ln] klg slDtdf
bz}Fdf eP klg b'O{rf/ k};f] sdfP/ k7fpF5] eGg]
cfzf k"l0f{dfsf afa' cfdfdf lyof] .
csf{]tkm{, 5f]/fsf] cfzfdf /x]sf k"l0f{dfsf
afa' nuftf/ tLg 5f]/L hlGdPkl5 lgs} lg/f;
lyP . cfkmgf] lg/f;faf6 l;lh{t cfqmf]; pgL
5f]/Lx?nfO{ kf]Vg] uy{] . 5f]/Lsf] ljifonfO{
lnP/ afa'cfdfaLr x'g] em}emu8f / tgfjsf
sf/0f k"l0f{dfnfO{ cfkm"nfO{ a'af cfdfn] x]Fnf
ug'{x'G5 eGg] dx;'; x'g yfn]sf] lyof] . t;y{M
sf7df8f}+df uP/ sfd ug{] ljifodf pgL dGh'/
g} eP/ sf7df8f}+ cfPsL lyOg .
ufpFsf bfOn] Ps hgfsf] 3/df efF8f dfemg],
n'uf w'g] / aRrf x]g{] sfddf nufO{ lbP . sfdsf]
af]em olt x'GYof] ls ljxfg kfFr ah] p7]kl5
/flt !! ah];Dd xft g} vfnL x'Fb}gYof] . sfd
ug{] 3/ dflns dflnSgL olt;Dd b'i6 lyP
ls, ;fx|} ;fgf] uNtLdf klg k"l0f{dfn] lk6fO{
vfg'kb{Yof] . hlt sfd u/] klg 3/ dflnsnfO{
pgn] l/emfpg ;lsgg .
dflns dflnSgL hflu/] lyP / pgLx?sf] ;fgL
5f]/L lyOg . pgLx? clkm; uPsf] a]nfdf
5f]/Lsf] ;Dk"0f{ x]/rfx k"l0f{dfn] g} ug'{kb{Yof] .
slxn]sfxLF dflnSgLsf] clkm; ePsf] a]nfdf
dflnssf] clkm; 5'§L x'GYof] / dflns 3/
a:y] . dflns 3/ a;]sf] lbg pgL of}g lx+;f /
b'Jo{jxf/ ef]Ug afWo x'lGyg . dflns …s;}nfO{
eg] l;WofO{ lbG5'Ú eGb} wDSofpFy] . k"l0f{df
8/n] cft+lst x'lGyg . pgL cfkm"dfly ePsf]
ck/fw cfF;'sf] 3'8sf] lkP/ ;xg afWo lyOg .
sfd u/]sf] 3/df l6Sg s;} u/] klg g;Sg]
ePkl5 k"l0f{dfn] efUg] ljrf/ ul/g . t/,
efu]/ sxfF hfg] < sf7df8f}+ pgsf] nflu k"0f{
ckl/lrt lyof] . pgsf cfkmgf eGg] sf7df8f}+df
sf]xL lyPgg . eP klg sf7df8f}+df vf]Hg]
;fdYo{ k"l0f{df;Fu lyPg . efUg] ljrf/ ubf{ub{}
s]xL lbg ljt] < efUg t efUg], t/ sxfF hfg] eGg]
k|Zgn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ lgs} lk/f]nL /xof] .
zlgjf/sf] lbg dflns dflnSgL 3/} lyP . 5f]/L
?jfPsf] lgx'Fdf dflnSgLn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ lgs}
g/fd|f]u/L lkl6g . ;fpgLsf] lk6fOn] 3/ 5f85'
eg]/ ;f]lr/x]sL k"l0f{dfnfO{ efUg] lxDdt
h'6fOlbof] . hfg] uGtAosf] 6'ªuf] g} gePsf]
cj:yfdf b"w lsGg lglSnPsL k"l0f{df
dflnssf] 3/df kmls{Ogg .
k"l0f{df lbpF;f] efu]sL lyOg . ljleGg uNnL
/ af6f] sf6b} dflg;x?sf] 7"nf] le8ef8
ePsf] Pp6f rf]sdf cfOk'lug . uf8Ldf sfd
ug]{ ;xrfns / kl/rfnsx?n] afg]Zj/ rf]s
eg]/ lrRofPsf] ;'g]kl5, cfkm" afg]Zj/ rf]sdf
cfOk'u]sf] k"l0f{dfn] a'lemg . lj:tf/} ;fFem kg{
yfNof] . dflg;sf] le8 klg kftnf] aGb} uof] .
k"l0f{dfsf] st} k'Ug] uGtAo lyPg . lsgls k'Ug]
7fpFsf] 6'Ëf] g} gul/sg pgL dflnssf] 3/af6
lglSnPsL lyOg . ;fFem klg /fttkm{ cufl8
a9b} uof] . ;fj{hlgs ;jf/Lsf ;fwgx?
;8sdf u'8g 5f8] . 6ofS;L / lghL ;jf/L dfq
;8sdf b]lvGy] . zld{nf afg]Zj/ rf]ssf] a;
:6kdf ple/x]sL lyOg . Pp6f 6ofS;L pgsf]
glhs} cfP/ /f]lsof] .
…a}gL 6ofS;L rflxPsf] xf] <Ú 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n]
;f]Wof] .
…xf]Og .Ú k"l0f{dfn] hjfkm lbOg .
6ofS;L 8«fOe/ s]xLa]/ r'k nfUof] .
…a}gLn] s;nfO{ s'/]sf] xf] <Ú 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n]
km]l/ ;f]Wof] .
o;k6s k"l0f{df s]xL af]lngg . lsgls o;sf]
hjfkm pgL;Fu lyPg .
6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] lgs} s/ u/]kl5 pgn] ;fFrf]
atfOg . pgsf] s'/f ;'g]kl5 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n]
cfkm";Fu uP /fd|f] sfd nufOlbg] k|:tfj /fVof] .
pgL 6ofS;L rl9g . gr9]/ klg s] ug'{ < sDtLdf
of] lj/fgf] ;x/df, of] 8/nfUbf] /ftdf Ps hgf
dflg; ;xf/f ag]/ cfPsf] 5 .
6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] k"l0f{dfnfO{ Pp6f u]i6 xfp;df
lnP/ uof] . vfgf vfP/ 6ofS;L 8«fOe/ klg
k"l0f{df;Fu} Pp6} vf6df ;'Tg tof/ eof] . k"l0f{dfn]
;Fu} ;'Tg dflggg . t/, 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] afWo
agfPkl5 pgsf] s]xL nfu]g . ;xf/f 7fg]sf]
8«fOe/af6 g} pgL anfTs[t eOg .
6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] pgnfO{ k'Nrf]s l:yt Pp6f
/]i6'/]G6df efF8f dfemg] sfd nufOlbof] . pgn]
s]xL lbg efF8f dflemg . s]xL lbgkl5 /]i6'/]G6sf]
;fpn] pgnfO{ j]6/ agfof] . j]6/ aGg' yk
hf]lvdsf] sfo{ lyof] . j]6]/ ag]kl5 u|fxs;Fu}
a;]/ dflb/f lkpg' kb{Yof], of}ghGo xfpefp /
dfbstf b]vfpg' kb{Yof] . TotL dfq xf]Og of}g
;Dks{ /fVg ;d]t afWo x'g' kb{Yof] . /]i6'/]G6df
pgL ;lxt # hgf o'jtLx? …j]6/Ú sfd ug{ afWo
lyP .
/]i6'/]G6sf] of}g ultljwLnfO{ lnP/ s;}n]
hfjnfv]n k|x/Ldf l/kf]6{ ul/lbP5 . pgL ;lxt
rf/hgfo'jtLx?nfO{k|x/Ln]kqmfpu¥of].;Dk"0f{
ljj/0f a'em]kl5 pgnfO{ k|x/L Rofgn dfkm{t
;Dks{ u/]/ kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufOof] . k"l0f{df
3/df l6Sg ;lsgg . To;dfly k|x/Ln] lhDdf
nufP/ 3/ cfPsf] eg]kl5 3/ kl/jf/ / ;dfhsf]
;fd' pgnfO{ yk c;xhtf k}bf eof] . dflxnL
a}gLsf] ljjfx eP/ a}gL, HjfO{;Fu sf7df8f}+ a:g
yfn]sL lyOg . k"l0f{df klg sf7df8f}+ cfOg /
a}gL HjfO{;Fu a;]/ HofdL sfd ug{ yflng . t/,
HofdL sfd ug{] dlxnfk|lt 7]]s]bf/, ;xsdL{ /
;fx'x?n] ug{] b'Ao{jxf/af6 pgnfO{ nfUg';Dd
lbSs nfUof] . Ps t sfd gkfOg], kfP klg afFRg}
d'l:sn x'g], csf{]tkm{ b"Jo{jxf/sf] ;fdfgf ug'{
kg{] ePsfn] pgL x}/fg lyOg . ToxL ;dodf Ps
hgf lrghfgL efph" kg{] dlxnf;Fu k"l0f{dfsf]
e]63f6 eof] . tL dlxnf of}g Joj;fodf ;DnUg
lyOg . tL dlxnfn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ klg Joj;fodf
nfUg clek|]l/t ul/g . of}g Jojf;foLsf] ?kdf
lqmofzLn eO/x]s} cj:yfdf k"l0f{dfsf] s]=
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] …gofF hLjgÚ kl/of]hgf;Fu
;Dks{ x'gk'Uof] . gofF hLjg;Fusf] ;Dks{
k5fl8 k"l0f{dfsf] hLjg b[li6 ablnPsf] 5 .
pgn] gofF hLjg dfkm{t Joj;flos tflnd klg
kfPsL l5g . ca hLjgdf s]xL ug{ ;lsFb}g
eGg] pgsf] ;f]rdf Jofks kl/jt{g cfPsf] 5 .
cfzf, ljZjf; / e/f];fsf] gh/n] pgL ;+;f/nfO{
x]g{ yfn]sL l5g . :jlge{/ eP/ afFRg ;lsG5
eGg]df k"l0f{df k"/fk'/ ljZj:t l5g .
7 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 20157 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
;kmntfsf] syf
jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
8 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
;d'bfo :t/sf ultljlw
d]/f] gfd sdnf lh;L xf] . h'u]gf uflj; j8f
g+= % wf/fkfgL c3f{vfFrLdf d]/f] hGd ePsf]
xf] . d]/f] afafsf] gfd 6f]kaxfb'/ / cfdfsf] gfd
/flwsf xf] . afaf cfdfsf b;f}+ ;Gtfgx?dWo]
d ;ftf}+ ;Gtfg x'F . d]/f] afNosfn si6s/
cfly{s cefjdf laTof] . 7"nf] kl/jf/ vfg
gk'Ug] v]tjf/L nufotsf ;d:ofx?nfO{ em]Ng
xfdLx? cle;Kt lyof}+ . !@÷!# jif{sf] ePkl5
d]nfkft;Fu d]/f] lhGbuL hf]l8of] . d]nfkft
ub}{ d}n] h]gt]g !) sIff kf; u/]+ . xfdL ;Dk"0f{
;Gtfgx?n] /fd|f] lzIff k|fKt ug{ ;s]gf}+ . cem
egf}+ ;a}sf] pRr lzIffn] ult k|fKt ug{ ;s]g .
lsgls d]nfkft u/]/ xftd'v hf]g'{kg]{ afWotfsf]
aLrdf xfdL;Fu Ps t k9g] jftfj/0f lyPg eg]
csf]{ d]nfkftaf6 km';{b lgsfNg g} xfdLnfO{
xDd] x'GYof] .
d]nfkft hfg] qmddf ufpFsf] Pshgf s]6f;Fu
d]/f] lrgfhfg eof] . Toltv]/ d ev{/ !$ jif{sL
lyPF . Tof] s]6fn] d]/f] kmf]g gDa/ dfUof] . ;'?df
d}n] kmf]g gDa/ lbOg . t/ w]/}k6ssf] e]63f6
kZrft pm vf;} v/fa g/x]sf] lgSof}{n;lxt
d}n] p;nfO{ cfkmgf] df]jfOg gDa/ lbPF . pm
xKtfdf tLg÷rf/ k6s kmf]g uYof]{ . ToxL aLrdf
pm hflu/ vfgsf nflu eg]/ ef/t uof] . ef/t
k'u]kl5 klg p;n] dnfO{ kmf]g ;Dks{ u/L g}
/xGYof] . ef/taf6 klg p;n] ;Dks{ ul//x]kl5
:jefljs ?kdf pm k|lt d]/f] em'sfj a9b} uof] .
p;n] dnfO{ dfof u5{ jf cfkmgf] 7fG5 eGg]
ljZjf; ug{ yfn]+ . pm cfkm" ef/tsf] n'lbofgfdf
a;]sf] / /fd|f] sdfO ul//x]sf] atfpFYof] .
kmf]g ;Dks{s} qmddf p;n] Pslbg ltdL klg
ef/t cfpm xfdL ljjfx u/]/ ;Fu} a;f}nf eGg]
k|:tfj /fVof] . Ps t cfkm"nfO{ dfof ug]{ dfG5],
csf]{tkm{ ef/tdf /fd|f] sdfO{ ul//x]sfn] cfkmgf
b'Mvsf lbg hfG5g eGg] ;f]r]/ d ef/t hfg
tof/ ePF . …ltdL s[i0fgu/ gfsf s6]/ ef/ttkm{
cfpg', d ltdLnfO{ a9gLdf s'/]/ al;/xG5' .Ú
eg]sf] lyof] . d}n] g]kfnlt/ g} cfpg ldNb}g /
eGbf p;n] b'O{ hgf x'Fbf k|x/Ln] lsrlsr u5{,
PSn} cfpg ;lhnf] x'G5 eg]sf] lyof] . d}n]
p;sf] egfO{nfO{ cGoGt} ;fdfGo ?kdf lnPF . /
s[i0fgu/ x'Fb} ef/t hfg tof/ ePF . d}n] s[i0fgu/
gfsf kf/ ub}{ubf{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] r]s hfFr
e}/x]sf] /x]5 . tkfO{ sxfF hfg nfUg'ePsf] eg]/
pxfFx?n] dnfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . d}n] ;'?df 9fF6
s'/f u/]+ . lsgls dnfO{ p;n] ;fdfg lsGgsf]
nflu hfg nfu]sf] atfpg eg]sf] lyof] . d}n]
em'6 s'/f af]n]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/L
lbbLn] 7Dofpg' eP5 / dnfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf]
sfof{nodf Nofpg' eof] . d}n] w]/}a]/ em'6f] af]Ng
;lsg / ;fFrf] s'/f atfOlbPF . To;kl5 pxfFx?n]
dnfO{ a]rljvgsf ljifodf w]/} s'/f ;Demfpg'
eof] . csf{sf] k|nf]egdf k/]/ ljgf hfgsf/L
lx8bf ef]Ug'kg]{ ;d:ofsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L
lbg'eof] . dnfO{ p;n] a]Rg} af]nfPsf] xf] eg]/
7f]s'jf t ug{ ;lSbg . t/, p;sf] ;fFrf] dg lyof]
eg] cfkm" ef/ttkm{ a;]/ dnfO{ af]nfpg] lyPg .
h] eP klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f d 7"nf]
hf]lvdaf6 hf]luPsL 5' . ;fFRr} eGg'kbf{ d}n]
gofF hLjg kfPsL 5' . k9fO{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbP/
;Ifd ePkl5 dfq ljjfx ug{] k|0f u/]sL 5' .
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f hf]luP“
8 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
r]nL kl/of]hgfåf/f ;/f]sf/jfnf;Fu cGtlqmof sfo{qmd
ufpF ufpFdf ;r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd
gjnk/f;Lsf] ;lb{df cfof]lht 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f sfo{qmd
s}nfnLdf cfof]lht ^ dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{ tflnd ;dfkg sfo{qmd
9c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
ljZjdf dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ dfgjtf
lj?4sf] ck/fw tyf cfw'lgs o'usf]
bf;tfsf] k|tLssf] ?kdf lng] ul/G5 . g]kfndf
klg dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ uDeL/ ck/fwsf]
?kdf kl/eflift ul/Psf] 5 / To;} cg'?k
sfg"g klg lgdf{0f ul/Psf 5g . t/ klg dfgj
a]rlavg lgoGq0f jf Go"gLs/0f x'g'sf] ;§f emg
km}nbf] cj:yfdf 5 . a? kl5Nnf] ;do dfgj
a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf :j?kx? g} kl/
j{tg x'Fb} uPsf 5g . h;n]ubf{ dfgj j]rlavg
Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fdf Jofks ;d:of /
r'gf}tLx? a9f]Q/L x'Fb} uPsf 5g .
cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&! Dff g]kfn k|x/Lsf]
dlxnf OsfO{n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/
k;f/ -lgoGq0f_ P]g cGtu{t ! ;o *% j6f
of}g tyf >d a]rlavg;DaGwL 36gfx?sf]
cg';Gwfg u¥of] . h'g ;ªVofsf] lx;fjn]
cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{eGbf $! j6f a9L xf]] .
cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷&) df dfgj a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/k;f/ -lgoGq0f_ P]g cGtu{t ! ;o $$
j6f 36gfx?sf] cg';Gwfg ePsf] lyof] .
cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&! Dff ;/sf/n] $ ;o
%$ hgf lj?4 t:s/Lsf] d'2f bfo/ u¥of]
eg] cl3Nnf] cfly{s aif{df of] ;+Vof # ;o
&% lyof] . To;}u/L cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&!
Dff cbfntx?n] a]rlavgdf ;+nUg @ ;o #
hgfnfO{ bf]ifL 7x/ u¥of], h'g ;+Vof cl3Nnf]
cfly{s aif{df ! ;o !( /x]sf] lyof] . g]kfn
5g . ;/sf/L sd{rf/Ln] dfgj a]rlavgsf]
;fF3'/f] kl/efiff k|of]unfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg'sf
;fy} sltko sd{rf/L tyf ;'/Iff lgsfosf
dfG5]x? klg ck/fwdf ;+nUg /x]sf] ljleGg
36gfn] b]vfPsf 5g . cem eGg] xf] eg] dfgj
a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt /fli6«o:t/sf] s'g} vf]h
tyf cg';Gwfg g} ag]sf] 5}g . dfgj a]rljvg
tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^$ tyf ;f]sf]
lgodfjnL @)^% n] w]/} k|sf/sf a]rlavgnfO{
lgif]lwt u/]tf klg afWofTds >dsf nflu
OR5f ljk/Lt, ha/h:tL ?kdf, hfn;fhLk"0f{
tl/sfn] jf bjfa lbO{ ul/g] 5gf}6, cf];fk;f/,
cf>o lbg] jf k|fKt ug]{ sfo{nfO{ ck/fwLs/0f
u/]sf] 5}g .
ljutdf dfgj a]rlavg l5d]sL b]z ef/tdf
of}g tyf >d Jofkf/sf] nfuL a9L x'g] uYof]{
eg] clxn] cfP/ dfgj a]rlavgsf :j?kx?df
kl/jt{g ePsf] kfOG5 . h:t}M s]xL ljb]zL
bnfnx¿sf] ;+nUgtfdf ljb]zL gful/sx¿;Fu
ljjfx u/fO{ lbg] jxfgfdf Dofl/h Ao"/f]sf] wGbf
;~rfng u/L g]kfnL o'jtLx¿nfO{ a]rlavg
ug]{ 36gfx¿ klg ;fj{hlgs x'g yfn]sf 5g .
Joj;flos of}g, >d tyf cËk|Tof/f]k0f ;d]tsf
nflu l5d]sL d'n'sx¿df x'g] u/]sf] a]rlavgsf
;fy} a}b]lzs /f]huf/, cGt/b]zLo ljjfx
tyf ;f+:s[lts÷;f+lults sfo{qmdsf gfddf
;d]t of}g tyf >d zf]if0fdf k/L a]rlavgsf]
hf]lvddf j[4L x'Fb} uPsf] b]lvG5 . o;sf
cltl/Qm cGt/f{li6«o kl/j]zdf a9b} uPsf]
;/f]u];L -ef8fdf aRrf hGdfpg]_ sf] k|efj
g]kfndf klg kg{ uO{ bnfnx¿sf] rnv]ndf
a]rlavgsf] hf]lvd a9g ;Sg] b]lvG5 .
g]kfndf
dfgj a]rlavg
lbks k|;fb a:ofn
sfo{qmd lgb]{zs
/fHon] dfgj j]rlavgsf
nflu cfkmgf k|of; /
k|oTgx?nfO{ ultzLn
agfO/xFbf xfdLn] s] e"Ng' x'Fb}g
eg] /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg
/f]syfdsf] lgldQ Pp6f :ki6
/ b'/bzL{ sfo{of]hgf agfpg
;s]sf] 5}g . x'g t, /fli6«o
sfo{of]hgf t ag]sf] 5 t/
sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .
k|x/Lsf] cfFs8f x]bf{ k|To]s aif{ d'2f btf{ ;+Vof
al9/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L cbfntaf6 klg dfgj
a]rljvg tyf cf];f/k;f/;Fu ;DjGwL d'2fx?sf]
km};nf tyf bf]ifL s/f/df klg j[4L eO/x]sf] 5 .
ck/fwsf] j[4L;Fu} ;/sf/n] dfgj a]rlavg
lgoGq0fsf nflu cfkmgf k|of;x? klg a9fPsf]
b]lvG5 . cGt/dGqfno :t/Lo dfgj a]rlavg
tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f /fli6«o ;ldlt nufot
lhNnf tyf ;d'bfo :t/df klg ;ldltx? u7g
eO/x]sf 5g . dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f tyf
/f]syfdsf] lgldQ ;/sf/n] ah]6 klg a9fPsf]
kfOG5 . ;/sf/nfO{ ;3fpg ljleGg /fli6«o
tyf cGt{/fli6«o ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] klg ljleGg
sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g . olt x'bfFx"b}
klg dfgj a]rljvg al9/x]sf] b]lvG5 . ljleGg
If]qaf6 ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] dfgj j]rlavgsf]
lj?4df cfkmgf cleofgx?nfO{ tLa|tf lbFbflbFb}
dfgja]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df lsg j[4L
eO/sf] 5 < of] ljifodf ;/f]sf/jfnfx? uDeL/
aGg}k5{ .
/fHon] dfgj j]rlavgsf nflu cfkmgf k|of; /
k|oTgx?nfO{ ultzLn agfO/xFbf xfdLn] s] e"Ng'
x'Fb}g eg] /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfdsf]
lgldQ Pp6f :ki6 / b'/bzL{ sfo{of]hgf agfpg
;s]sf] 5}g . x'g t, /fli6«o sfo{of]hgf t ag]sf]
5 t/ sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;/sf/sf]
kLl8t klxrfg / ;+/If0f ug]{ k|of; ckof{Kt
/x]sf] 5 . b]zdf ;fIfL tyf kLl8t ;+/If0f
;DaGwL 5'§} sfg'gg} 5}g h;n] ubf{ kLl8tn] d'2f
bfo/ ug{ g;Sg', ;+/If0fsf] cefjdf cbfntdf
pkl:yt x'g g;Sg' cyjf grfxg' / pkl:yt
eOxfn]df klg aofg km]g'{ nufotsf ;d:ofx?
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
10 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
dflg; s;/L a]rlavgsf] rk]6fdf
k5{ < o;sf w]/} pQ/x? x'g ;S5g . clzIff,
/fd|f] hLjg afFRg] nfn;f, /fHo ;+oGqsf
nfk/jfxL, cflb cflb . s] dflg; cfkm}F a]lrg
rfxG5 < s] Pp6L dlxnf of}g Joj;foLsf]
?kdf lqmofzLn x'g' p;sf] /f]hfO{ xf] < lo
ljifox?df cfjZostf cg';f/sf] jx; x'g
;s]sf] 5}g . Pp6L b'/b/fhsL r]nL ef/tLo
jhf/df of}gbf;Lsf] ?kdf a]lrg] cj:yf lgdf{0f
x'g'sf] k5fl8sf] d'Vo sf/0f g} /f]hL /f]6Lsf]
;d:of xf] . cfly{s?kdf ljkGg x'g' gk/]sf]
eP s'g} klg r]nL jf p;sf] kl/jf/ s;}sf]
ljZjf;df kg'{ kg{] lyPg . s;}sf] cfZjf;g jf
nfnrf;Fu cfzfjfbL aGg' kg{] lyPg . x'g t
k9]sf / cfly{s?kdf dWod ju{sf r]nLx? ;d]t
a]rlavgdf k/]sf 5g . t/, o:tf ju{sf r]nLx?
lgs} yf]/} ;ªVofdf dfq a]lrPsf 5g . a]lrg]
clwsf;+ r]nLx?sf] k5fl8 8/nfUbf] cefj,
ul/jL pQm cefj / ul/jLn] lgDTofPsf] 3/]n'
lx+;f lhDd]jf/ 5 .
Dffgj a]rlavgsf] Go"gLs/0fsf] ;jfndf
clxn];Dd ePsf k|of;x?n] pNn]Vo pknAwL
xfl;n ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . dfgj a]rlavgsf
nflu ;of}+}+ u}/ ;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx? lqmofzLn
5g . ;d'bfo:t/af6 klg ljleGg k|of;x?
eO/x]sf 5g, /fHon] klg dfgj a]rlavg
tyf cf];f/ k;f/ lgoGq0f / Go"gLs/0fnfO{
ljz]if k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] b]lvG5 t}klg
dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . st}
xfdLn] u/]sf elgPsf sfo{ jf cleofgx? g}
;d:ofsf] jf:tljs klxrfg;Dd g} k'u]gg ls <
jf xfdLn] u/]sf sfo{x? d} s]xL q'6L 5g ls <
;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sfjfnfx?n] uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'k5{ .
kl/of]hgf -;fd'bflos :jf:Yo, lzIff, r]tgf
/ hLljsf]kfh{g ;'wf/_ ;~rfng ul//x]sf]
5 . h;df a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu k"j{
;fjwfgL cGtu{t ljleGg ;r]tgf tyf cfly{s
Ifdtf clej[4Lsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng eO/x]sf
5g . kl/of]hgf dfkm{t a]rlavg k|efljt tyf
hf]vLddf /x]sf ;d'bfosf ;b:ox?nfO{ ;u+l7t
ub}{ / ljljw hgr]tgfd'ns sfo{qmddfkm{t
ug{] sfo{ ul/Psf] 5 . ;d'bfos} ;b:ox?sf]
:jfldTj, gLlt tyf g]t[Tj / Joj:yfkgdf
:jlge{/ Pj+ ;Ifd ;xsf/L ;+:yf lgdf{0f ub{}
lapFm k"FhL kl/rfng u/]/ pBdlzntf ljsf;sf
;fy} :j/f]huf/L l;h{gf ug'{ kl/of]hgfsf] d'Vo
p2]Zo xf] . h;dfkm{t lx+;f, e]befj /lxt /
dfgj a]rlavgd'Qm ;d[4 ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f nIo
/flvPsf] 5 .
xfn r]nL kl/of]hgf klZrd t/fO{sf
slknj:t', ?kGb]xL, gjnk/f;L / lrtjg
lhNnfdf sfof{Gjog eO/x]sf] 5 . ;'?jftsf]
cj:yfdf k|To]s lhNnfdf ! uf=lj=; ÷g=kf
nfO{ sfo{If]q to u/L ;'? ul/Psf] kl/of]hgf
cGtu{t xfn;Dd $* ;+ul7t ;d"xx?df ! xhf/
$ ;o %$ dlxnf ;b:ox? cfj4 eO;s]sf
5g . lgoldt?kdf dfgj a]rlavg, kfl/jfl/s
:jf:Yo, ljQLo ;fIf/tf, pBdlzntf ljsf;,
n}lËs lx+;f / laBdfg sfg'gL k|fjwfgh:tf
ljifoj:t'x?df ;r]lts/0fsf sfd eO/x]sf] 5 .
dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf clej[l4sf] nflu g]t[Tj,
ljQLo ;fIf/tf, art tyf C0f kl/rfng
nufotsf tflndx? k|bfg ul/;lsPsf] 5 .
xfn ;d"xsf ;b:ox? lgoldt ?kdf e]63f6
÷a}7s, lgoldt art lapF k"FhL ;s+ng
/ ;fgf Joj;fox?df nufgL u/L cfo
cfh{gtkm{ pGd"v 5g . l;k ljsf; cGtu{t
gjnk/f;Lsf] a]lgdl0fk'/ / lrtjgsf] kbdk'/df
$& hgf ;b:ox?n] # dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{
tflnd lnb}+ 5g . To:t} ;xsf/L btf{ k|lqmof
cufl8 a9fOPsf] 5 . lrtjgdf r]nL ;xsf/L
btf{ eO;s]sf] 5 eg] cGo lhNnfx?df btf{sf]
k|lqmofdf 5g .
ljz]ifu/L dlxnf / lszf]/Lx?nfO{ nlIft
u/L ;~rfng ul/Psf] r]nL kl/of]hgf dfkm{t
;r]lts/0f;Fu;Fu} cfly{s ;'/Iffsf] sfo{n] ult
lnPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ yk lj:tf/ ug{] nIo cg'?k
cGo lhNnfdf klg ;~rfngdf NofOg] tof/L
s]= cfO{ g]kfnn] ul//x]sf] 5 .
dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf] k|of;M
r]nL kl/of]hgf
8]ngfy ;fksf]6f
kl/of]hgf ;+of]hs -r]nL_
ljz]ifu/L dlxnf /
lszf]/Lx?nfO{ nlIft
u/L ;~rfng ul/Psf]
r]nL kl/of]hgf dfkm{t
;r]lts/0f;Fu;Fu} cfly{s
;'/Iffsf] sfo{n] ult
lnPsf] 5 .
/f]u nfu]kl5 pkrf/ ug{] ls < /f]u nfUg g}
glbg] < r]nLa]6L a]rljvgsf lu/f]xx? lj?4
xfdLx? s]lGb|t x'g] ls < jf Pp6L r]nL a]lrg
afWo x'g] sf/0fx?nfO{ g} ;dfKt kfg{] < ha;Dd
of] ljoifdf xfdLn] ulDe/tfk"j{s jx; / pQm
jx;n] lgwf{/0f u/]sf ;dfwfgsf pkfox?
cjnDjg ub{}gf}+ ta;Dd ;d:of hxfFsf]
txLF /xg] 5 . ;jfn /f]u nfu]kl5 pkrf/sf]
xf]Og, /f]uL aGg] cj:yf g} gcfpg] /f]syfdsf
pkfox?sf] xf] . xfdLn] Pp6f la?jfnfO{ dhj't
agfpg' 5 eg] To;sf] kft jf xfFufdf kfgL
xfn]/ cy{ 5}g . h/fdf g} xfNg' k5{ . dlxnf
a]rlavg;Fu lqmofzLn eO/xFbf xfdLx?n] st}
kftdf t kfgL xfln/x]sf 5}gf} <, ;ldIff ug{]
a]nf cfPsf] 5 .
r]nLx? ef/t jf t];|f] ljZjsf d'n'sx?df
a]rlavg x'g'sf] k5fl8 cfly{s sf/0f g} k|d'v
lhDd]jf/ 5 . cfly{s kIf;Fu g} hf]l8Psf]
clzIff, hgr]tgfsf] cefj, ;'vL hLjgsf]
vf]h / a]/f]huf/L ;xfos sf/0fx? x'g .
ablnFbf] ;don] k};f g} ;a}yf]s xf] eGg]
dfgs lgdf{0f ul//x]sf] 5 . k};fsf nflu dflg;
h] klg ug{ tof/ ePsf] b[i6fGt xfdL ;j}n] b]Vb}
/ ef]Ub} cfPsf 5f}+ . a]rlavgsf] ;Gbe{df klg
k|]dLn] k]|ldsfnfO{ d'DjO{sf] sf]7Ldf k'¥ofPsf],
afa'n] 5f]/L a]r]sf], >Ldfgn] >LdtLnfO{ of}g
Joj;fodf nfUg afWo agfPsf ;of}+ 36gfx?
;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g . cflv/ o:tf csNkgLo
36gfsf k5fl8 klg cfly{s kIf g} k|d'v sf/0f
5 jf k};f g} ;j}yf]s eGg] dfgl;stf lhDd]jf/
5 .
g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df lkt[;QfTds ;f]r Pj+
;+:sf/n] l;h{gf u/fPsf] n}lËs lje]b / lx+;f,
;fdflhs tyf ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fn] lgDTofPsf]
dfGotf klg a]rlavgsf] sf/0f alg/x]sf] 5 .
lkt[;tfTds ;dfhsf sf/0f lgDtg] lx+;f jf
a]rlavgsf k5fl8 klg cfly{s sf/0f lhDd]jf/
5 . olb Pp6L gf/L cfly{s?kdf :jfenDjL aGg]
xf] eg] p;n] 3/]n' jf ;fdflhs lx+;fsf] TotL
;fdgf ug'{ kb{}g . k'?if;Fusf] cfly{s lge{/tfn] g}
pm lx+;fsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo 5] . t;y{ cfly{s
If]qdf dlxnfx?nfO{ :jlge{/ agfpg ;lsof] eg]
dlxnf a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf pNn]Vo ;kmntf
xfl;n ug{ ;lsG5 .
s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] cfly{s kIf;Fu hf]l8P/
x'g] r]nLa]6L a]rlavgnfO{ dWogh/ ub{} r]nL
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
11c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
/flwsf lu/L
lhNnf ;+of]hs -afFs], g]kfnu~h_
;f]r]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg, ;Dem]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg
h:tf] ef]Uof] To:t} x'G5, b]v]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg .
tf/fb]jLsf] :j/df ;lhPsf] of] uLt
clwsf+zsf] hLjgdf d]n vfg ;S5 . lsgls
lhGbuL ;f]r] / ;lDemPh:tf] x'Fb}g . cyf{t
xfdLn] sNkgf ug]{ lhGbuL / xfdLn] ef]u]sf]
lhGbuLdf w]/} km/flsnf] b'/L x'G5 . t/ klg dflg;
sd{zLn k|f0fL xf] . cyf{t sxLF g sxLF xfdLn]
cg'dfg u/]h:tf] hLjg xfd|f] sd{n] lgwf{/0f
u5{ . t/, sltkosf] lhGbuL eg] cfkm"n] cfkmgf]
;f]rfO{eGbf lgs} s7f]/ si6s/ aGg k'U5 .
wflbª lhNnfdf @)$% ;fndf
hlGdPsL l:y/ -gfd kl/jt{g_ sf] lhGbuL
gt pgn] /f]h]sf] h:tf] eof], gt pgsf]
kl/jf/n] ;f]r]sf] h:tf] eof] . 5f]/L x'g's} sf/0f
cfkm"nfO{ ;Demg'kg]{ IfL0f, lxg / :jtGqtf
u'dfPsf] cj:yfdf afFRg'kg]{ afWotfaf6 l:y/
-gfd kl/jt{g_ klg d'Qm x'g'kg]{ s'g} sf/0f
lyPg . cfdfn] jf kl/jf/n] l;sfPsf] gf/L ;'ne
;f]rfO{ / sd{df g} pgsf] b}lgsrof{ laTbYof] .
afnfkgaf6 l:y/ ev{/ lszf]/fj:yftkm{ kfOnf
rfNb} lyOg . cyf{t l:y/ ev{/ !# jif{sL
nfu]sL lyOg, ToxL ;dodf cfkmg} ufpF
l5d]sLsf] lu4] b[li6 pgLdfly k¥of] . ev{/
of}jgtkm{ cu|;/ x'Fb} u/]sL sf]lknf l5d]sLaf6
g} lgdf]7Lg afWo eOg .
df}g a;]/ l:y/sf] kl/jf/n] cfF;'sf] 3'8sf]
lkO/x]sf] lyof] . aflx/ ufpF l5d]sdf yfxf kfP
5f]/Lsf] OHhtdf clgi6 lgDtG5 eGg] clek|fon]
kl/jf/n] 36gfnfO{ ;s];Dd u'kr'kd} /fv]sf]
lyof] . t/, /fd|f] jf ;'v n'sfP/ kf] n'sfpg
;lsG5 . b'Mv jf si6 lsg n'SYof] . l:y/dflysf]
ck/fw Pssfg b'O{sfg x'Fb} ufpFdf ;fj{hlgs
x'g k'Uof] . ;dfhn] ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t ug{tkm{
kfOnf rnfpg'sf] ;f6f] l:y/ / l:y/sf] kl/jfnfO{
pN6} kL8f lbg] sfd u¥of] . cem egf}+ l:y/sf]
rl/qnfO{ dhfs agfOof] . l:y/sf] kl/jf/nfO{
ca 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx ug{ s7Lg x'G5 eGg] kL8f
nfUg' c:jfefljs lyPg . oxLaLrdf l:y/eGbf
lgs} kfsf] pd]/sf] JolQm;Fu l:y/sf] ljjfxsf]
k|:tfj cfof] . lgs} g} pd]/sf] cGt/ ePsf]
JolQm;Fu 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx ul/lbg kl/jf/ dGh'/ t
lyPg, t/ cGt ljjfx ug{ s7Lg x'G5 eGg] 8/
klg plQs} lyof] . ljjfxsf] s'/f lnP/ cfpg]n]
…ltd|f] 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx st} x'Fb}g, s]6f]sf] pd]/
kfsf] ePklg ltd|f] 5f]/LnfO{ /fd|f]u/L kfNg ;Sg]
bnfnsf] r+u'naf6 t l:y/ aRg ;kmn eOg . t/ ca l:y/ sxfF hfg] < l:y/sf
b'O{ 5f]/fx?sf] eljio s] x'g] eGg] ;jfn dxTjk"0f{ lyof] .
l:y/sf] hLjgdf cfPsf] e"sDk
;DklQ 5Ú eg]kl5 l:y/sf] kl/jf/n] pgLeGbf
t]Aa/ pd]/sf] s]6f;Fu ljjfx ul/lbof] .
lg/k/fw l:y/ ;dfhsf] gh/df ck/flws
aGg k'lug . nf]Ug]sf] s'6fO{, kl/jf/sf] ckdfg
/ ljutdf anfTs[t ePsf] 36gfnfO{ af/af/
nf]Ug]sf] kl/jf/n] …O:o'Ú agfO/xFbf pgsf] hLjg
emg gf/sLo aGg k'Uof] . 5f]/Lsf] si6nfO{ cfdfn]
;xg ;lsgg / l:y/ dfOtL cfOg . dfOtL a:g]
qmdd} pgn] Pp6f xf]6]ndf sfd ug{ ;'? ul/g .
xf]6]ndf ;Fu} sfd ug]{ Pshgf lbbL hf] l:y/sf]
ctLtaf6 k"0f{ kl/lrt lyOg, pgn] Pshgf
JolQm;Fu ljjfxsf] k|:tfj NofOg . klxn]sf]
>LdtLsf] d[To' ePsf] / sf7df8f}+df 3/ ePsf]
elgPsf] pQm JolQm;Fu ltg} lbbLsf] ljZjf;df
k/]/ l:y/n] ljjfx ul/g . t/, x/]srf]6L p7g
vf]Hbf vf]Hb} yrfl/Psf] l:y/sf] lhGbuL
of] ljjfxdf klg pFef] nfUg ;s]g . >LdtLsf]
d[To'sf] sf/0f csf]{ ljjfx u/]sf] elgPsf]
>Ldfgsf yk b'O{j6L >LdtL /x]5g . of] oyfy{
yfxf kfP/ klg l:y/n] cfkmgf] kl/l:ylt;Fu
;Demf}tf ul/g . l:y/sf b'O{j6f 5f]/fx? hlGdP .
t/ nf]Ug]n] cfjZos lhDd]jf/L axg u/]gg .
h;sf] sf/0f 5f]/fx? kfNgsf nflu g} ePklg
l:y/ Pp6f ufd]{G6df sfd ug{ yflng . ufd]{G6sf]
sdfO{n] cfkm" / 5f]/fx?sf] hLjgrof{ wfGg sl7g
ePkl5 l:y/ Pp6f dfj{n pBf]udf >d a]Rg
k'lug . nf]Ug]n] l:y/nfO{ ljleGg nfG5gf nufpg]
ul//xGYof] . nf]Ug] / l:y/sf] ;DaGwsf] ljifodf
hfgsf/L kfPsf] dfj{n ;fx'n] Pslbg l:y/nfO{
ltdL 5f]/f lnP/ cnUu} a; eGof] . nf]Ug];Fusf]
;DaGwsf] tgfjdf clNem/x]sL l:y/nfO{
;fGTjgf / ;xof]u ug]{ cfZjf;g lb+b} ;fx' lgs}
glhsx'gyfNof].;fx'n]Pslbgef/tsf]sflZd/
k'¥ofOlbg] / /fd|f] /f]huf/L nufOlbg] k|:tfj
Nofof] . ;'?df t l:y/n] of] k|:tfjnfO{ :jLsf/
ul/gg t/ ToxL aLrdf @)&@ ;fn j}zfv !@
ut] ljgfzsf/L e"sDk cfof] . e"sDksf sf/0f
cfkm" a:b} cfPsf] sf]7f;d]t a:g gx'g]u/L
elTsof] . e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] qf;bLsf] aLrdf
l:y/sf] hLjgdf yk csf]{ e"sDk cfof] .
pgsf] >Ldfgn] csL{ s]6L lnP/ lxF8]sf] eGg]
;dfrf/ pgn] ;'lgg . a:g cToGt} c;xh /
si6;fWo eO/x]sf] cj:yfdf >Ldfgsf] ;d]t
e/f];f u'd]kl5 pgL ;fx"sf x/]s egfO{ / Jojxf/
kTofpg afWo x'Fb} uOg . ;fx's} ljZjf;df nfu]/
pgL b'O{6f 5f]/fx? sfvL Rofk]/ ef/tsf] sflZd/
lxFl8g . olt;DdsL pgnfO{ sflZd/ sxfF k5{
eGg] ;d]t yfxf lyPg . jL/u~hl:yt /S;f}n
gfsfaf6 ;fx'n] ef/t n}hfg] tof/L u/]sf] /x]5 .
;f]xL cg'?k jL/u~h k'u]kl5 ;fx'n] …d]/f] Psl5g
sfd k¥of], ltdLx? ;Ldf kf/L uP/ a;, olb
s;}n] ;f]Wof] eg] lbbLsf]df hfg nfu]sf] eg]/
eGg' . aRrf b]v]kl5 pgLx?n] 5fl8lbG5gÚ
eg]/ l;sfof] . ;fx'n] l;sfP cg';f/ g} pgL
b'O{6f 5f]/f lnP/ ;Ldfkf/ ub}{ lyOg ;f]xL
qmddf s]=cfO{=g]kfnsf] ;Ldf lgu/fgL ul//x]sf
sd{rf/Lx?n] pgnfO{ ;Ldfkf/L hfg'sf] sf/0faf/]
;f]w] . ;'?df t l:y/n] ;fx'n] l;sfP cg';f/ g}
atfOg . t/ 9fF6]sf] s'/f s;/L k'UYof] / . l;df
lgu/fgLdf vl6Psf sd{rf/Lx?n] k|Zgdfly
k|Zg ug{ yfn]kl5 pgn] ;fFrf] s'/f atfOg .
ttkZrft s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] a]Rg
nfg nfu]sf] x'g;Sg] atfpFbf ;'?df t l:y/n]
kTofOgg . t/, ;Ldfdf cfP/ ;fx' efUg'sf]
sf/0faf/] atfPkl5 l:y/ em;Ë eOg . 36gfnfO{
:ki6?kdf klxNofO;s]kl5 k|x/Lsf] ;xof]udf
cToGt} gf6sLo ?kdf l:y/nfO{ a]Rg nfg] ;fx"
cyf{t bnfnnfO{ kqmfp ul/of] .
bnfnsf]r+u'naf6tl:y/aRg;kmneOg.
t/ ca l:y/ sxfF hfg] < l:y/sf b'O{ 5f]/fx?sf]
eljio s] x'g] eGg] ;jfn dxTjk"0f{ lyof] .
l:y/ af/Daf/ ;fx' / pgsf] >Ldfg b'j}tkm{af6
cfkm"nfO{ vt/f /x]sf] atfO/xlGyg . >Ldfg klg
cfk/flws dgf]j[lQsf] x'g;Sg] l:y/n] ef]u]sf]
si6af6 g} k|dfl0ft x'GYof] . l:y/sf] egfO{df
pgnfO{ >Ldfgn] s;}u/] klg ckgfpFb}gYof] . t/
klg b'O{ gfjfns 5f]/fx?sf] l:y/sf] >Ldfg;Fu
s'/f ug'{kg]{ lgSof}{n lgsfnL s]=cfO{= g]kfnn]
l:y/sf] >Ldfg;Fu ;Dks{ u¥of] . ;+:yf;Fusf]
nfdf] ;+jfb / 5nkmnkl5 l:y/sf] >Ldfg b'O{
5f]/fx?nfO{ cfkm";Fu n}hfg tof/ eof] . t/,
>LdtLsf] s'g}klg ;/f]sf/ gug]{ atfof] . ;+:yfsf]
tkm{af6 …oL ;Dk"0f{ 36gf x'g'sf] k5fl8 ltd|}
sf/0f a9L 5 . olb kl/jf/sf] bfloTj lgjf{x
u/]sf] eP o:tf] 36gf x'Fb}gYof]Ú eg]/ lhls/
u/]kl5 l:y/sf] >Ldfg l:y/nfO{ klg nfg /fhL
eof] . t/ klg dg kmfl6;s]kl5 sfg"g / bafan]
hf]8]/ dfq ;Dej x'Fb}g . olta]nf l:y/ / l:y/sf]
>Ldfg Pp6} 5fgfd'lg 5g . t/ ;DaGwdf tfhuL
5}g . Jojxf/df cfkmgf]kg 5}g . l:y/n] s]=cfO{=
g]kfns} ;xof]udf ^ dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{ tfnLd
lnO/x]sL l5g . ca l5§} Pp6f ;fgf] l;nfO
k;n ;~rfng u/]/ ;xh / ;Ddflgt hLjg
lhpg] ;kgf l:y/n] b]Vg yfn]sL l5g . h]xf];
dfgj a]rlavgsf] r+u'ndf km;L ;s]/ klg
l:y/ l:y/sf b'O{ gfafns 5f]/fx?n] k|fKt u/]sf]
k"ghL{jg Ps dxTjk"0f{ pknAwL xf] . o:tf
pknAwLx? c? ;of}+ xhf/f}+ r]nLsf] lhGbuLdf
Nofpg ;lsof] eg] ;fFRr} cy{k"0f{ x'g]5 .
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
12 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
elgG5 rf]/sf ;of}+ bfp x'G5g . cyf{t
rf]/sf] Pp6f af6f] /f]lsof] eg] p;n] csf{]
af6f] klxNofO{ xfN5 . rf]/Lsf] Pp6f k2lt
jf ;+hfnnfO{ lgoGq0f ul/of] eg] rf]/x?n]
csf{] tl/sf t'?Gt} agfp5g . g]kfnL ;dfhdf
k|rlnt rf]/sf ;of}+ bfp eGg] pvfg, x/]s
k|sf/sf ck/fw sfo{ jf ck/fwLdf nfu' x'G5 .
xftxltof/sf] cf];f/ k;f/;Fu
;DjlGwt ck/fw xf]; jf nfu' cf}ifwsf]
sf/f]jf/ xf];, lo ;j}df …rf]/sf] ;of}+ bfpÚn]
sfd ul//x]sf] x'G5 . dfgj j]rlavg
tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] ;d:of klg oxL
…rf]/sf] ;of}+ bfpÚdf k/]/ lbgfg' lbg ljs/fn
eO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ Go"gLs/0f
tyf lgoGq0f ug{ kl5Nnf bzsx?df /fHo
tyf ljleGg ;+3;+:yf / ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n]
cys k|oTg ul//x]sf 5g . Ps If]q ljz]if x'g]
a]rlavgnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{] tx;Dd k'¥ofpFbf
gk'¥ofpFb} csf{] If]q / z}nLsf] dfgj j]rlavg
z'? eOxfN5 . lgoGq0fsf] k|of;;Fu;Fu} emg
dfga a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf a9bf] r'gf}tL =====
;ldIff a}+7ssf s]xL emnsx¿
s];/ ljZjsdf{
lhNnf ;+of]hs -slknj:t', s[i0fgu/_
emg 7"nf cfk/fwL / ;+fu7lgs a]rlavgx?
eO/x]sf] ljleGg 36gf, cg';Gwfgn] b]vfO/x]sf
5g .
ljutdf ef/tLo ;x/x?df x'g] r]lnj]6L
a]rlavgnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd Go"gLs/0f ug{
;lsPsf] 5 . t/, cGo d'n'sx?df
g]kfnL r]nLx? aGws ag]sf], lx+;fdf k/]sf],
of}g b"Jo{jxf/sf] lzsf/ ePsf] h:tf ;dfrf/x?
;~rf/dfWod cfO/x]sf 5g . km]l/Fbf] a]rlavg
;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf nflu uDeL/ r'gf}tL
alg/x]sf] 5 .
xf] xfd|f] ;dfhdf ul/jL, cefj / clzIff
5 . PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLsf] jt{dfg o'udf klg
g]kfnL ;dfh lgs} k5f}6] g} 5 . /f]huf/Lsf]
kx'Fr cToGt Go"g 5 . h;sf sf/0f klg dfgj
a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] ;d:ofn]
ltj|tf xfl;n ul//x]sf] 5 . t/, o;sf] ;Fu;Fu}
;dfhdf df}nfpFb} uPsf] b]vfl;vLsf] efjgf
/ pkef]ujfbL ;+:sf/sf sf/0f klg dfgj
a]rlavgn] pe{/ e"dL k|fKt ul//x]sf] 5 . Go"gtd
hLjg lgjf{xsf] cfwf/ x'Fbfx'Fb} klg jf
;fdfGotM hLjgrof{ ;xh g} /xFbf/xFb} klg
dL7f] vfg], /fd|f] nufpg] jf ljnf;L hLjg
ljtfpg] dxTjsf+Iffsf sf/0fn] klg dfgj
a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fdf ;d:of
eO/x]sf] 5 .
ljnf;L hLjg egf}+ jf ;xh} ;'vLM
hLjg hLpg] rfxgftkm{ clek|]l/t eO/x]sf
o'jf k':tfnfO{ e8sfP/ dfgj a]rlavgnfO{
;xh agfpg] cfk/flws lu/f]xx? ;dfhdf
;lqmo 5 . w]/} k};f sdfO{ x'g] hflu/ nufO{
lbg], ;lhn} lab]z k7fOlbg] nufotsf
;kgfx? afF8]/ dfg a]rlavgsf bnfnx?n]
g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ a]rlavgsf] kmGbfdf
kfl//x]sf 5g . o:tf bnfnx?af6
afnafnlnsf, lszf]/L / o'jtLx? b]z leq
jf aflx/ a]rlavgsf] l;sf/ eO/x]sf 5g .
ef/tLo ahf/df x'Fb} cfPsf] r]nLa]6L
a]rlavgdf s]xL Go"gLs/0f b]lvP klg
lgoGq0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . a? ef/tLo
ahf/df x'g] a]rlavgsf] :j?k / rl/qdf
lgs} km]/abn cfPsf] 5 . ef/t n}hfg
yflnPsf r]nLx?;Fu l;df gfsfdf bnfnx?
;Fu} gx'g] . r]nLx?nfO{ PSn} l;df gfsf kf/
ug{ nufP/ bnfnx? cl3 jf kl5 ;Ldf gfsf
kf/ ug{] h:tf sf/0fx?n]ubf{ bnfnx?nfO{
kqmg lgs} d'l:sn x'G5 . z+sf nfu]/
r]nLx?nfO{ ;f]wk'5 ubf{ r]nLx?n] ;'?df
;To s'/f geGg], lgs} a]/sf] ;f]wk'5 kZrft
dfq ;TotYo aflx/ cfpFbf bnfn eflu;Sg]
h:tf sf/0fx?n] a]rlavg lgoGq0f emg}
r'gf}tLk"0f{ alg/x]sf] 5 .
sltko cj:yfdf t slt;Dd b]lvPsf]
5 eg] dfgj a]rlavgsf t:s/x?nfO{
;DjlGwt r]nLx?sf] kl/jf/af6 g} ;+/If0f
x'g] u/]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ ef/t;Fu k|d'v
gfsf;Fu;Fu} w]/} ;fgf / rf]/L gfsfx? x'g'n]
klg r]nLa]6L a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf nflu
yflnPsf k|of;x?n] cfjZostf cg';f/sf]
;kmntf kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg .
ljz]ifu/L /f]huf/L nufOlbg] cfZj;fg,
cleefjsnfO{ g} bnfnn] ljZjf;df lng]
cj:yf, / gft]bf/ k|ltsf] clt ljZjf; h:tf
sf/0fx?n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg yk r'gf}tLk"0f{
aGb} uPsf] 5 .
ljz]ifu/L /f]huf/L nufOlbg] cfZj;fg, cleefjsnfO{ g} bnfnn] ljZjf;df
lng] cj:yf, / gft]bf/ k|ltsf] clt ljZjf; h:tf sf/0fx?n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg
yk r'gf}tLk"0f{ aGb} uPsf] 5 .
jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / dlxnf lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
dfgj a]rljvg l;+uf] ljZjsf nflu
g} uDeL/ ;d:of alg/x]sf] 5 . ;+;f/sf
x/]s b]z s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] dfgj cf];f/
k;f/ tyf a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo
eO/x]sf 5g . g]kfndf ul/jL, clzIff,
;fdflhs lje]b, n}+lus lx+;fsf sf/0f
dlxnfx? a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo
5g eg] csf]{tkm{ afWofTds >dsf nflu
ef/tnufot vf8L d'n's / blIf0f clk|msL
/fi6«x?df ;d]t g]kfnL dlxnfx? k'Ug
yfn]sf 5g . o;/L dlxnfx? k'Ug'sf k5fl8
d"t{ jf cd"t{ ?kdf dfgj cf];f/k;f/ jf
a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt kIf k|uf9 5 . o;/L
ljb]z k'¥ofOg] dlxnfx?nfO{ 3/]n' sfd,
lgdf{0f sfo{ / dgf]/~hgsf] If]qdf cfj4
u/fOG5 . g]kfnh:t} Pl;ofsf cNkljsl;t
d'n'sx?sf dlxnfx?n] /f]huf/Lsf gfddf
a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ alg/xg' k/]sf] 5 .
b]zleq ;~rflnt d;fh s]Gb|, 8fG;jf/ /
/]i6'/]G6x?df klg dlxnf a]rljvg x'Fb} cfPsf
5g . t/, cfGtl/s a]rljvgsf ;jfnnfO{
cem} klg ax;df Nofpg ;lsPsf] 5}g .
ef/t;Fusf] g]kfnsf] v'Nnf l;dfgf,
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ltkm{ g]kfnL ;dfhdf b]lvPsf]
afWotf jf cfsif{0fh:tf sf/0fx?n] dlxnf
a]rljvgdf tLj|tf cfO/x]sf 5g . ljz]ifu/L
vf8L d'n'sdf dlxnfnfO{ k7fpg] sltko
;~hfnx?n] t g]kfnsf] ljdfg:yn ;d]t
k|of]u gug]{ u/]sf] kfOG5 . csf]{tkm{ sltko
d]gkfj/ sDkgLx?n] gSsnL sfuhft
;d]t agfP/ dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]z k7fpg]
ub{5g . o:tf sd{x?sf] k5fl8 a]rljvg;Fu
;DalGwt ;jfn g} d'Vo x'G5 . ljutdf
xfd|f] ;dfhn] em]n]sf] åGåsf] sf/0f klg
dlxnf a]rljvgsf] 36gfnfO{ ;xof]u
k'lu/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ sltko tYof+sx?n]
d'Qm sd}ofx?sf plrt Joj:yfkg gx'Fbf
cfGtl/s jf afXo a]rljvgnfO{ ;xof]u
k'u]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . oL / o:tf ;d:ofx?nfO{
;dfwfg ug{ ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? Psh'6
x'g'k5{ .
a]rljvg / lx+;fsf sf/0fx? M
ul/jL, a]/f]huf/L, k"/ftg ;f+:s[lts dfGotf,
c;'/lIft a;fO{;/fO{, /fhgLlts cl:y/tf,
cfGtl/s åGå, k|fs[lts k|sf]k, pkef]ujfbL
hLjgz}nLsf] vf]h, hftLo e]befj, kfl/jfl/s
tyf ;fdflhs dlxnf lx+;fnufot g}
g]kfndf dlxnf a]rljvg / lx+;fsf sf/0fx?
x'g . /fHon] ;a} k|sf/sf dfgj a]rljvg
/ cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^% nfu"
ul/;s]sf] 5 . t/klg P]gnfO{ k|efjsf/L
?kdf nfu" ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g . csf]{tkm{
:yfgLo:t/df dfgj a]rljvg lj?4 ;+ul7t
ultljlwx?nfO{ /fHon] cufl8 a9fpg ;s]sf]
5}g . pbfx/0fsf nflu dfgj a]rljvg
lj?4 ;DalGwt dlxnf ;~hfn jf r]nL
;d"xx? :yfgLo :t/df lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsof]
eg] dfq} klg dlxnf a]rljvg tyf cf];f/
k;f/ lgoGq0fdf ;xof]u k'U5 . csf]{tkm{
sltko a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ck/fwLx?n]
/fhg}lts jf cGovfnsf] ;+/If0f k|fKt ug'{,
tL; jif{eGbf sd pd]/sf dlxnfx?nfO{
vf8L d'n'sdf sfd ug{ nufOPsf] k|ltjGw
km's'jf ug'{nufotsf sf/0fx?n] klg dlxnf
a]rljvg lgoGq0fdf ;d:of eO/x]sf]
5 . ;g @))* b]lv ;g @)!@÷!# sf]
tYof+snfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg dlxnf lx+;f
;DaGwL tYof+sdf a9f]Q/L eO/x]sf 5g .
To;}u/L ljleGg u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] ;g
@))( b]lv @)!# ;Dd dlxnf a]rljvg;Fu
;DalGwt ljifodf u/]sf] cWoogn] klg
eofjx cj:yf b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . ;g @))(
/ !) df dlxnf a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt #
xhf/ ! ;o ^$ j6f 36gf ePsf lyP eg]
;g @)!@ / !# df !@ xhf/ & ;o o:tf
36gfx? 36g k'u] . To;}u/L ;g @)!#
df o;sf] ;+Vof a9]/ !# xhf/ k'lu;s]sf]
5 . /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cfof]un] lbPsf]
tYof+snfO{ x]bf{ klg dlxnf cf];f/k;f/ tyf
a]rljvgsf] 36gf cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf
kl5Nnf] jif{ ^) k|ltztsf] b/n] al9/x]sf]
5 .
ljZj dfgj a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt
tYof+snfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg g]kfn pRr
hf]lvddf 5 . ljZjdf b'O{ nfv %)
xhf/b]lv b'O{ nfv &) xhf/;Dd dfgj
a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt 36gfx? x'g] u/]sf
5g . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df x]g]{ xf] eg] sltko
a]rljvgsf] 36gf k|x/L ;dIf gk'Ug] u/]sf]
atfOG5 . ;g @)!#÷!$ df g]kfn k|x/Lsf]
dlxnf OsfO{df dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/
k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt %$$ j6f 36gf btf{
ePsf]df !!( hgf bf]ifL 7x/ ePsf lyP .
dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0fsf r'gf}tLx?M
g]kfndf dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0f tyf
Go'gLs/0fsf] d'Vo r'gf}tL eg]s} ef/t;Fusf]
v'Nnf l;dfgf xf] . csf]{tkm{ kl/jf/s}
;b:ox? a]rljvgdf ;+nUg x'g', kl5Nnf]
;do dfgj a]rljvgsf bnfnx?n] xjfO{
dfu{sf] k|of]u ug'{, ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL k|lqmof
k'¥ofP/ dfgj a]rljvg sfo{ ug'{, sltko
a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ck/fwLx?nfO{
/fhgLlts ;+/If0f k|fKt x'g' / /fHon]
dfgj a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt cGt/f{li6«o
sfg'gx?nfO{ s8fO{sf ;fy nfu" ug{ g;Sg'
g]kfndf dfgj a]rljvgsf d'Vo r'gf}tLx?
x'g . csf]{tkm{ /f]huf/Lsf] Joj:yf gx'g',
a;fO{;/fO{nfO{ /fHon] Jojl:yt agfpg
g;Sg' / hftLo e]befjn] ;fdflhs ?kdf
cem} :yfg kfpg'h:tf sf/0fx?n] klg
a]rljvg eO/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L g]kfnsf]
cl:y/ /fhgLlts k|lqmofn] lgDTofPsf cfly{s
tyf ;fdflhs kl/36gfx?sf sf/0f klg
a]rljvg eO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rljvg, >d
zf]if0f, dfgj c+u ljqmL ljt/0f of}g ahf/sf
nflu dfgj a]rljvg x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf]
;do j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] a9f]Q/L, ljb]zL;Fu
ljjfx, ablnFbf] hLjgz}nL, pkef]ujfbL
hLjgsf] vf]hnufotsf sf/0fx?n] ubf{
dfgj a]rljvg al9/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{
dfgj a]rljvg;Fu /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o
lu/f]xx? g} ;+ul7t x'g yfn]sf 5g . Pp6f
b]zdf eO/x]sf] dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0f
ug{ pQm b]zsf] cfk/flws lu/f]xnfO{
sf/jfxL u/]/ dfq ;Dej gx'g] eO;s]sf]
5 . lsgls dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/
k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt cGt/f{li6«o lu/f]xx?sf]
lqmofzLntf klg tLj| x'g yfn]sf] 5 . t;y{M
dfgj a]rljvgh:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{
lgoGq0f ug{ /fHo cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo,
u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yf / gful/s txaf6
PsLs[t k|of; ug'{ h?/L 5 .
g]kfnL ;dfhdf
a]rljvg / n}+l·s lx+;f
lji0f' ;fksf]6f
sfo{qmd clws[t -lzIff_
13 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015
ef/t;Fusf] g]kfnsf] v'Nnf l;dfgf, j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ltkm{ g]kfnL ;dfhdf
b]lvPsf] afWotf jf cfsif{0fh:tf sf/0fx?n] dlxnf a]rljvgdf tLj|tf
cfO/x]sf 5g .
13 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
14 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
kl5Nnf] ;do /fHo ;+/rgfnfO{ n}+lËs d}qL
agfpg cys k|oTgx? eO/x]sf 5g . ;+j}wflgs
?kd} n}+lËs clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrttf ul/Psf] 5 .
t/, ?9LjfbL k/Dk/f, ;+:s[lt, clzIff, n}+lus
c;dfgtf h:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ cem} klg /fHo
;+/rgfdf dlxnfx?sf] ;Gtf]ifhgs pkl:ylt /
kxF'r k'u]sf] 5}g . ;lbof}b]lvsf] lkQ[k|wfgfTds
d"No / dfGotfaf6 ;dfh lgb]{lzt 5 . h;n] ubf{
;+ljwfg jf sfg"gn] lgwf{/0f u/]sf ;+j}wflgs
jf sfg'gL clwsf/ sfof{Gjog x'g ;d]t ;d:of
k}bf eO/x]sf 5g . ;dfh, ;d'bfo / kl/jf/n]
ug]{ dlxnf lx+;f cem} klg h:tfsf] t:t}
5 . dlxnfnfO{ bf];|f] bhf{sf] gful/ssf] ?kdf
x]g]{ jf k'?ifeGbf tNnf] >]0fLsf] dflg;sf] ?kdf
a'‰g] ;fdflhs d"No cem} klg Go"gLs/0f x'g
;s]sf] 5}g . Psftkm{ ;fdflhs d"No / b[li6sf]0f
dlxnf d}qL gx'g' / csf]{tkm{ ul/jL, clzIff /
a]/f]huf/Ln] g]kfnL ;dfh cfqmfGt x'g'n] dfgj
a]rljvg tyf cf];f/k;f/df dlxnfx? g} a9L
k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g . /fHo tyf ljleGg
u}/;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] a]rljvg lgoGq0f
ug{sf nflu u/]sf k|oTgx? cem} klg k|efjsf/L
x'g ;s]sf 5}gg lsgls ljleGg tYof+s /
;j]{If0fx?af6 dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f
x'g g;s]sf tYox? ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g .
o:tf tYof+sx?n] s] lgb]{zg u5{g eg] dfgj
a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0f emg} k]lrnf]
alg/x]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ dfgj cf];f/k;f/ tyf
a]rljvg lgoGq0f tyf Go'gLs/0fsf If]qdf
sfd ul//x]sf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ yk r'gf}tLx?
al9/x]sf 5g .
ljutdf ef/tLo ahf/x? g]kfnL r]lna]6L
j]Zofj[lQdf nufpg] / cfkm"n] df]6f] /sd c;'Ng]
bnfnx? klg e]l6g yfn]sf 5g . To;}u/L
ufpFaf6 r]nLx?nfO{ /fd|f] /f]huf/L nufO{lbg]
cfZjf;g lbP/ zx/sf 8fG;jf/, d;fh
;]G6/x?df k'¥ofpFb} j]Zofj[lQtkm{ nufpg] klg
/fhs'df/ g]kfnL
lhNnf ;+of]hs -s}nfnL, wgu9L_
a]rljvgsf s]Gb| lyP . ljif]zu/L u|fdL0f
r]nLx?nfO{ bnfnx?n] v'Nnf l;dfgfsf] kmfObf
p7fpFb} ef/t k'¥ofpFy] / of}g bf;Lsf] ?kdf ljqmL
uy]{ . t/, kl5Nnf] ;do j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf
g]kfnL o'jfx?sf] pkl:ylt a9g';Fu} ljZjsf
t];|f] d'n'sx?;d]t r]nLa]6L a]rljvgsf
s]Gb| alg/x]sf 5g . ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL k|fjwfg /
k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ j}b]lzs
/f]huf/Lsf gfddf ljb]zL 8fG;jf/;Dd k'¥ofpg],
dfgj a]rljvgdf ;+nUg tLg dlxnfnfO{
lhNnf cbfnt emfkfn] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf]
5 . o'jtLnfO{ a]r]/ ha/h:tL of}g wGbfdf
nufPsf] cf/f]lkt ld/f tfdfª, c?0ff yfkf
du/ / ;Ldf du/ e'h]n lhNnf cbfnt
emfkfn] !% jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] xf] .
cleo'Qmx?n] emfkfsL !& jifL{o ;Ltf -gfd
kl/jt{g_nfO{ ljjfxdf hfpmF PSn} eP /dfOnf]
x'G5 eGb} ljtf{df]8af6 a'6jn x'Fb} ef/t n}hfg
plQs} 5g . cleefjsnfO{ g} k|nf]egdf kf/L
:jo+ cleefjsåf/f g} ef/tLo ;Ldfgfsf kf/
u/fP/ r]nLj]6Lx? a]rljvg u/]sf tYox? klg
;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L ef/tLo k|d'v
gfsfx?df /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?n]
a9fPsf] tLj| lgu/fgL kZrft g]kfn ef/taLrdf
/x]sf ;fgf tyf rf]/L gfsfx?af6 df]6/;fOsn
jfk}bndfkm{tr]nLx?nfO{ef/tk'¥ofpg]lu/f]xx?
klg ;lqmo 5g . oL r'gf}tLx?nfO{ ;fdgf ug]{
jf oL r'gf}tLx?nfO{ Go'gLs/0f ug]{ cfwf/;lxt
;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? lqmofzLn x'g h?/L 5 .
lsgls ljutsf] h:tf] ef/tLo ;Ldfsf k|d'v
gfsfx?af6 v'Nndv'Nnf r]nL n}hfg] lu/f]xx?
eGbf cGo j}slNks z}nL ckgfP/ a]rljvg
ug]{x? tLj|t/ ?kdf a9L/x]sf 5g . o:tf k[ys
z}nL ;lxt r]nLa]6L a]rljvgdf ;lqmo lu/f]x
/ 36gfx?nfO{ cWoog u/]/ dfq} xfdLn] yk
sfo{ ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . olb o;f] ug{ ;lsPg eg]
dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0fdf yk r'gf}tLx? a9g]
lglZrt 5 .
vf]h]sf lyP . t/, ;Ldf gfsfdf lgu/fgL a9]sf]
x'Fbf tL o'jtLnfO{ cfGtl/s ?kdf Pp6f /]i6'/]G6df
/fvL ha/h:tL of}g Joj;fodf ;+nUg u/fPsf]
cf/f]k nfu]sf] lyof] . pgLx? lj?4 a}zfv *
ut] dfga a]rlavg tyf
cf];f/ kf];f/ la?4 d'4f
btf{ ePsf] lyof] .
cleo'Qmx? dWo] ld/f
tfdfª / ;Ldf du/
-e'h]nnfO{_ !% aif{
h]n ;hfo / hgxL !
nfv hl/jfgf km};nf
ul/Psf] 5 eg] c?0ff
yfkf du/nfO{ !) aif{ h]n
/ %) xhf/ hl/afgf x'g]
ul/ km};nf ul/Psf] xf] .
dlxnf a]rljvg lj?4 sfo{/t ;+:yf s]cfO{
g]kfnn] kLl8t o'jtLnfO{ p2f/ u/L lrtjg
zfvfsf] ;+/If0fdf /fv]sf] s] cfO{ g]kfnsf
;~rf/ ;+of]hs ;'/Iff a/fnn] atfOg .
;fef/M cgnfO{g vj/ 86 sd
cleefjsnfO{ g} k|nf]egdf kf/L :jo+ cleefjsåf/f
g} ef/tLo ;Ldfgfsf kf/ u/fP/ r]nLj]6Lx? a]rljvg
u/]sf tYox? klg ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g .
a]rlavgdf ;+nUgnfO{ !% jif{ h]n ;hfo
14 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
dfgj a]rljvgsf r'gf}tLx?
15c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
;~rf/ dfWoddf s]=cfO{+ g]kfn
æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
16 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015
k|sfzsM s]=cfO{= g]kfn, hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/ d'b|sM j]i6g lk|lG6ª ;kf]6{ k|f=ln=,;fdfv';L,sf7df8f}+,df]= (*%!)%&!@(
zfvf sfof{nox¿zfvf sfofnox¿
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
sfFs8le§f, emfkf
kmf]g g+= )@#–%^#@)@÷(*)@^@!%^!
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
lj/f6gu/, df]/ª
kmf]g g+= )@!–$#%!^!÷(*)@^@!%^@
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
lj/+u~h, k;f{
kmf]g g+= )%!–%@^*(^, (*)@^@!%^#
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
afx|la;], l;Gw'kfNrf]s
kmf]g g+=M (*)@^#*^$)
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
e/tk'/, lrtjg
kmf]g g+= )%^–%@*%^%, %@^)&!÷(*)@^@!%^$÷^%÷^*
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
dx]zk'/, gjnk/f;L
kmf]g g+= (*)@^#*^#*
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL
kmf]g g+= )&!–%@%$&$÷(*)@^@!%^&
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
a'6jn, ?kGb]xL
kmf]g g+= )&!–$@)!&(÷(*)@^@!%^^÷&)
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
s[i0fgu/, slknj:t'
kmf]g g+= )&^–%@)%&!, (*)@^@!%&!
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
g]kfnu~h, afFs]
kmf]g g+= )*!–%@#^%&÷(*)@^@!%*)
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
wgu9L, s}nfnL
kmf]g g+= )(!–$!^)!^÷(*)@^@!%&#÷&(
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
dx]Gb|gu/, s~rgk'/
kmf]g g+= )((–$)@!#&÷(*)@^@!%&$
s]=cfO{= g]kfn
s]Gb|Lo sfof{no
hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/
kf]i6 aS; g+= &($*
kmf]g g+= M )!–%%###&*, )!–%%$@%#(
O{d]nM kinepal@gmail.com | Facebook Page: facebook/KI Nepal | Website: www. kinepal.org
s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfo{qmd ;+rflnt lhNnfx¿
k"jf{~rn
dWodf~rn
klZrdf~rn
dWo klZrdf~rn
;'b"/ klZrdf~rn
16 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015

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Cheli sandesh issue 3

  • 1. 1c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 C H E L I S A N D E S H o; leq uf]/vfaf6 ljjfx u/]/ lrtjg k'u]sL OlGb/f aonsf]6L / kltaLrsf] ;DjGw ;'dw'/ lyPg . 3/ snxn] lbSs ePkl5 OlGb/f afns 5f]/f / 5f]/LnfO{ sfvL Rofk]/ sf7df8f}+ lslt{k'/ l:yt gofF ahf/ k'lug / Hofnf dhb'/L u/]/ 5f]/f5f]/L kfNg yflng . Hofnf dhb'/Ls} qmddf pgsf] bLks >]i7;Fu lrgfhfg eof] . bLksn] OlGb/fnfO{ a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu dn]l;of k7fO{ lbg] k|:tfj u/] . OlGb/f klg /fd|f] hflu/ kfpg] cf;df ;xdt t eOg t/, OlGb/f;Fu kf;kf]6{ dfq xf]Og, gful/stf ;d]t lyPg . @)&@ d+l;/ ^ ut] OlGb/fnfO{ uf]/vfsf] a; r9g !@ ;o ?k}ofF lbP/ bLks;Fu} dLgf /fo gfdsL o'jtL df]6/;fOsndf uf/]vf lhNnfsf] d;]n uflj; j8f gDj/ ^ df k'u]+ . uf]/vf k'Ug'sf] Pp6} sf/0f lyof] OlGb/fsf] gful/stf / kf;kf]6{ agfpg' . rsf{] k]6«f]lnod kbfy{sf] cefj eO/x]sf] cj:yfdf df]6/;fOsn lnP/ uf]vf{ k'u]sf bLks / ldgfk|lt :yfgLo cfdf ;d"xnfO{ z+sf nfUof]] / ;d"xn] uf]/vf lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nodf ph'/L u¥of] . cfdf ;d"xsf] ph'/Lsf] cfwf/df k|x/Ln] b'a}nfO{ kqmfp u¥of] . t/, k|x/Ln] ef]lnkN6} 5fl8lbof] . k|x/Ln] 5f8g'sf k5fl8 …dflysf] bafa xf]Ú eGg] lgSof{}n cfdf ;d"xsf] 5 . afFsL k[i7 # » sf7df8f}+sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L Ps gf/fo0f cof{nsf cg';f/ k]k/ Dofl/h dfkm{t g]kfnL dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]zdf nu]/ a]Rg] lu/f]xx? ;lqmo x'g yfn]kl5 k]k/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ ug'{ k/]sf] xf] . s]= cfO{= g]kfnåf/f k|sflzt ;dfhzf:qLo tyf dfgjzf:qLo b[li6sf]0fn] lx+;f, ;fdflhs Joj:yf / ;+/rgfsf] pkh dfGb5 . of] kfl/jfl/s, :yfgLo, /fli6«o ;a} txdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . /fhgLlts, cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts ;+/rgfn] g} ;dfhdf lx+;f lgDTofpF5 . dlxnf ePsf] sf/0faf6 dlxnfdfly ul/g] zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s, ;fdflhs tyf af}l4s zf]if0f, bdg, oftgf / b'Jo{jxf/nfO{ dlxnf lx+;f elgG5 . ck/fwzf:qL dfwjk|;fb cfrfo{sf cg';f/ ……;fdflhs / /fhg}lts :t/df k"?ifåf/f dlxnf jf dlxnfåf/f dlxnf dfly k'¥ofOg] dfgl;s cf3ft jf sfo{ g} dlxnf lx+;fÚÚ xf] . a]Olhª 3f]if0ffkq tyf sfo{gLlt –!((% sf] kfl/t k|:tfjdf dlxnf lj?¢sf] lx+;f eGgfn] ……lghL jf ;fj{hlgs hLjgdf dfgl;s jf zf/Ll/s ?kdf vt/f k'¥ofOg] vfnsf lnªudf cfwfl/t ultljlwx?nfO{ a'‰g' kb{5 . h; cg';f/ kl/jf/df x'g] dfgl;s, zfl/l/s jf of}g lx+;fx?, aflnsf jf u[lx0fLx?sf] of}g zf]if0f, bfOhf];Fu ;DalGwt lx+;f, anfTsf/, s'6lk6, / s'g}klg vfnsf rf]6k6s nufpg] sfo{ / s'g} klg vfnsf lx+;f ;DaGwL zf]if0f, ;dfh leq x'g] zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s / of}g lx+;fx? /fHon] lg0f{o u/]sf] s'g} klg vfnsf] zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s P+j of}g lx+;fx? kb{5g . g]kfndf dlxnfdfly x'g] lx+;fx?sf] ljleGg :j?kx? 5g . h; cGtu{t ;DaGw ljR5]b, ax'ljjfx, afnlajfx, bfOhf] k|yf, s'6lk6, ufnLunf}h, ckx]ngf, oftgf, lt/:sf/, af]S;Lsf] cf/f]k, hjh{:tL s/0fL, j}jflxs s/0fL, ljwjf k|yf, 3'D6f] k|yf, cgd]n ljjfx, 5fpk8L k|yf, jfbL k|yf / b]psL k|yf cflb x'g . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df dlxnfdfly lx+;f x/]s ;d'bfo, ;dfh, ;+:s[lt, wd{df /x]sf] kfOG5 . lxdfn–kxf8 b]lv t/fO{–dw]z ;Dd pRr 3/flgof b]lv ;'s'Djf;L ´'k8L;Dd, /fhg]tf b]lv dtbftf;Dd hxfF ;'s} hf] ;'s}af6 / hlxn] klg lx+;f x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgfsf] hf]lvddf dlxnfx? afFlr/x]sf x'G5g . clxn] ;dUf| d'n'sdf n}lËs lx+;fsf] cfuf] blGs/x]sf] 5 . s}og 36gf x/]s lbg g]kfnL ;dfhdf x'g] u/]sf 5g h:t}M anfTsf/, dlxnf lj?¢ x'g] /fhg}lts lx+;f, n}lËs lx+;f tyf Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 / d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:ynx?df sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:of cflb . o; ;d:ofnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ljut gf} jif{ b]lv dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf a]rlavg la?¢df ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ljz]if u/L g]kfn;Fu ;Ldf hf]l8Psf ef/t / rLgsf d'Vo gfsfx?df dfgj a]rlavg la?4df l;df lgu/fgL ug]{, k/fdz{ ug]{ / ;r]tgf cleofg ;+rfng ul//fv]sf] 5 . ;fy} gfsf If]q tyf k|efljt If]qaf6 a]rlavgdf k/]sf tyf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf dlxnf / afnaflnsfx?nfO{ p4f/, k"g:y{fkgf / k"gP{sLs/0fsf] sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . xfn;Dd ;+:yfn] !@ j6f lhNnfx?Dff zfvf sfof{nox? lj:tf/ u/L dfgj a]rlavg la?4 cleofgx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;'/lIft cfjf; u[x ;+rfng u/L a]rlavgaf6 kLl8t tyf k|efljtx?nfO{ k"g:yf{kgf tyf k"gP{sLs/0fsf] sfo{qmdx? klg cleofgsf] ?kdf ;~rfng ul//fv]sf] 5 . o;}qmddf s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] cfGtl/s ?kdf ljz]ifu/L 8fG;af/, Soflag /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf If]qx?df bf;Tjk"0f{ hLjg latfO{/x]sf dlxnf tyf aflnsfx?sf] p4f/, k"g:yf{kgf / pgLx?sf] lzIff / Ifdtfsf] klxrfg u/L a}slNks k]zf, Joj;fodf nfUg k|f]T;fxg u/fpg] p2]Zon] …gofF hLjgÚ kl/of]hgf klg ;~rfng u/]sf] 5 . n}lËs lx++;f / dfgj a]rlavg la?¢ s'g} Ps ;+:yfn] rfx]/ s]xL gx'g] ePsfn] ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox¿n] ljz]if sbd rfNg' cfjZos 5 . t;y{ tkfO{sf] 3/ leq} of 3/ jl/kl/ r]na]6L a]rlavgsf/L n's]/ a;]sf x'g ;S5g . dlxnf lx+;fsf kL8sx? x'g ;S5g . o:tf s's[To ug]{x?sf] af/]df xfdLnfO{ ;"rgf lbP/ ;xof]u ug{ d ;a}df clkn ub{5' . /d]z ;fksf]6f /fli6«o lgb{]zs xfd|f] egfO{ km]l/bf] dfgj a]rlavg k]k/ Dof/Lhsf] t:s/L sfe|]knfGrf]ssL t'n;f tfdfª -gfd kl/j{gt_ la=la=P;= kf; u/]/ hflu/sf] vf]hLdf lyOg . w]/} k|oTg kZrft pgn] Pp6f dfs{]l6ª sDkgLdf hflu/ klg kfOg . w]/} v6g' kg{] t/ tnj lgs} sd ePsf sf/0f t'n;fnfO{ hflu/ lrQ a'lem/x]sf] lyPg . t'n;fsf] clkm; glhs} d]g kfj/ sDkgLsf] sfof{no lyof] . d]gkfj/ sDkgLsf sd{rf/L / t'n;fsf] clkm;sf sd{rf/Lx?sf] vfhf vfg] xf]6n Pp6} ePsf sf/0f d]gkfj/df sfd ug{] Ps hgf Ph]G6;Fu afFsL k[i7 # » » r]lna]6L a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofg ===== » ;'lbgsf] cfzdf k"l0f{df » s]=cfO{ g]kfnsf sf/0f hf]luPF » g]kfndf dfgj a]rlavg » dfgj a]rlavg === » l:y/sf] hLjgdf cfPsf] === » dfga a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf=== » g]kfnL ;dfhdf=== s ]
  • 2. 2 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 20152 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 20152 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 z'esfdgf k'?if k|wfg ;dfhsf sf/0f g]kfnL dlxnfx?n] ljleGg k|sf/sf] lx+;f em]Ng' kl//x]sf] 5 . dlxnf dfly x'g] 3/]n' tyf ;fdflhs lx+;f ;Fu;Fu} g]kfnL dlxnfx? ljleGg a}b]lzs d'n'sx?df a]lrg jf aGws aGg afWo 5g . ul/jL, clzIff / a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0f dlxnf a]rljvgsf] hf]lvd al9/x]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] ljklQsf sf/0f xfdLn] ef]lu/]x]sf] cfly{s hl6ntfn] dfgj j]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/nfO{ yk a[4L u/fpg] xf] ls eGg] lrGtf a9g' c:jefljs xf]Og . o;tkm{ /fHo;Fu;Fu} ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] xft]dfnf] u/]/ cufl8 a9g'k5{ . ljz]ifu/L r]nLa]6L a]rlavgsf] lj?4df g]kfndf w]/} ;fdflhs ;+:yfx? lqmofzLn 5g . h;n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f / lgoGq0fdf cxd e"ldsf lgefO/x]sf 5g . s]= cfO{= g]kfn klg ljut Ps bzs b]lv dlxnf tyf afn–aflnsf lx+;fd"Qm ;dfh lgdf{0f ug{] cleofgdf lqmofzLn /x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfu]sf] 5 . ljleGg sf/0fn] kLl8t / k|efljt dlxnf lbbL–alxgLx?sf] k'g/:yfkgf / ;'/Iffdf yk k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfd ;+rf/ dfWodsf] uxg e"ldsf /xG5 . xfdLx? clxn] klg ;ªqmd0fsfn ef]lu/x]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ ul/jLsf /]vfd'lg 7"nf] hg;ªVofsf] lx::ff 5Fb}5 . o;/L x]bf{ xfdLn] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f / Go"gLs/0fsf nflu lgs} nfdf]af6f] to ug{ afFsL g} 5 . l5d]sL d'n's ef/t;Fusf] v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdLn] pNn]Vo nfex? k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ . csf{]tkm{ v'nf l;dfgfsf sf/0f xfdL ljleGg hl6n ;d:ofx?sf] ;fdgfug{ klgjfWo 5f}+ . v'nf l;dfgfn] ubf{ g]kfnn] dfgj a]rlavgsf] 8/nfUbf] k|tf8gf em]ln/x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf ljleGg ;x/x?df g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrg] qmd ljutdf cToGt} tLa| lyof] . ljut eGbf cfh s]xL lgolGqt b]lvP klg o;n] ;fy{s ;'wf/ k|fKt u/L;s]sf] 5}g . sf7df8f}b]lv b]zsf ljleGg ;Ldf gfsfx?df ;lqmo /x]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] k|oTgaf6 w]/} g]kfnL r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 /f]lsg' uf}/jsf] ljifo xf] . csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}lu+s lx+;f k|efljtx?sf nflu k"g/:yfkgf, kl/jf/df k"gld{ng, Pj+ ;d'bfodf ;Lkd"ns sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] cfkmgf sfo{nfO{ efjL lbgx?df yk k|efsf/L agfpg] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' . dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"lgs/0fsf nflu ;r]tgf a9fpg] pb]Zosf ;fy s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ær]nL ;Gb]zÆ gfds a'n]l6g lg/Gt/ k|sflzt ul/x]sf] hfgsf/L kfpFbf lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5 . r]nL ;Gb]z :tl/o ?kdf k|sflzt xf]; . o;n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf lgoGq0fsf nflu ;+rf/ jsfnt ug{] sfo{nfO{ emg} kl/:s[t / z;Qm agfcf]; eGb} z'esfdgf JoQm ug{ rfxfG5' . df= rGb|k|sfz -l;=kL=_ d}gfnL pkk|wfgdGqL dGqL, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfhsNof0f dGqfno l;+xb/af/, sf7df8f}+ l } L 2 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 s]=cfO{=g]kfnåf/f c:yfoL :s"n lgdf{0f æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ e"sDkkl5 uf]/vf lhNnfdf ag]sf] :s"nsf] c:yfoL ejg
  • 3. 3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 3 km]l/bf] dfgj== k]k/ Dof/Lhsf]== jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 dflysf] 36gfn] r]lna]6L a]rlavgsf] ablnbf] :j?k / If]qnfO{ :ki6 kf5{ . s]xL dlxgfb]lv lhNnf k|zf;g sfo{no sf7df8f}+n] ljb]zL gful/s;Fu g]kfnL o'jtLx?n] ug{] k]k]/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ u/]sf] 5 . g]kfnL r]nLx? ljjfx u/]/ uPkl5 ljleGg ;d:ofdf k/]sf 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs x'g yfn]kl5 k|zf;g sfof{non] s8fO{ u/]sf] xf] . sf7df8f}+sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L Ps gf/fo0f cof{nsf cg';f/ k]k/ Dofl/h dfkm{t g]kfnL dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]zdf nu]/ a]Rg] lu/f]xx? ;lqmo x'g yfn]kl5 k]k/ Dofl/hdf s8fO{ ug'{ k/]sf] xf] . ljutdf g]kfnL r]lna]6L a]rlavgsf] d'Vo s]Gb| ef/tLo ;x/x? x'Fb} cfPsf lyP . a]rlavgsf bnfnx?n] ef/tLo ;x/x?df b]xJofkf/sf] nflu g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ a]Rg] uy{] . ljleGg k|nf]egdf kf/]/ jf em'SofP/ ef/t k'¥ofOg] clwsf+; r]nLx? u|fdL0f e]usf / clzlIft jf sd lzlIft x'g] uy{] . t/, kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnL r]nLx?sf] a]rlavg ljZjJofkL aGg k'u]sf] 5 . k9]sf tyf ;x/sf r]nLx? ;d]t a]rlavgsf] r+u'ndf km:g] u/]sf 5g . cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] Ps k|ltj]bg cg';f/ dfgj t:s/L pGd'ng, lgoGq0f / lgodg ug{ g;s]sf d'n'sx?df g]kfn klg k/]sf] 5 . cd]l/sL k|ltj]bgn] g]kfnnfO{ …l6O{/ 6'Údf /fv]sf] 5 . …l6O{/ 6'Údf o:tf d'n's? k5{g h;n] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf] Go"gtd dfkb08 xfl;n u/]sf 5}gg, t/ pNn]Vo kxn ul//x]sf 5g . k|ltj]bgn] s] klg pNn]v u/]sf] 5 eg] ;+;f/sf k|foM b]zx?df g]kfnaf6 dfgj t:s/L x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . o;n] klg g]kfn dfgj a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf] :ki6 kf5{ . k]k/ Dofl/h, ;/f]u];L, snfsfl/tf tyf j}b]lzs /f]huf/ g]kfnL dlxnf a]rlavgsf nflu pe{/ cfwf/ alg/x]sf 5g . lxhf] em'SofP/ af]8{/ s6fpg] bnfnx? cfh ;Dk"0f{ k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ Po/kf]{6df kf;kf]6{ b]vfP/} ljZjsf t];|f] d'n'sdf dfgj t:s/L ul//x]sf 5g . g]kfn k|x/Lsf] dfgj a]rlavg lj?4sf] 8]S;sf k|d'v l8cfOhL ld+Udf/ nfdf dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo;Fusf] ;xsfo{nfO{ klg hf]8 lbg' kg{] atfpg'x'G5 . nfdfsf cg';f/ g]kfn k|x/Ln] dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ljb]z l:yt g]kfnL b'tfjf;df k|x/L ;xrf/Lsf] cfjZostf dx;'; u/]sf] 5 . h;sf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ af/Daf/ cfu|x ul/Psf] nfdf atfpg'x'G5 . dfgj a]rlavg dfq xf]Og dfgj c+u a]rlavgsf b[li6n] ;d]t g]kfn pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf] b]lvG5 . k|nf]egdf kf/]/ jf em'SofP/ d[uf}nf t:s/L eO/x]sf 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs eO/x]sf 5g . hfgsf/x?sf cg';f/ ljz]ift g]kfnL dlxnfx?sf] Jofkf/ ug{] ;~hfn ;+;f/}e/L km}lnPsf] 5 . o:tf ;~hfnn] ef/t, b'jfO{, stf/, xªsª, l;+ufk'/ / yfONof08nfO{ 6«flGh6 agfpFb} cfPsf 5g . Ps cWoog cg';f/ k|lt lbg %$ hgf g]kfnL dlxnfx? cf];f/ k;f/df kg{] u/]sf 5g . dggLo s'/f s] 5 eg] g]kfndf ;lqmo r]lna]6L a]rljvgsf bnfnx?df @^ k|ltzt dlxnfx? g} 5g . dlxnf jfnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfnosf k|jStf gf/fo0f k|;fb sfkmn]n] k]k]/ Dofl/hn] w]/} ;d:of lgDTofPsf] atfp5g . sfkmn]n] bnfnx?n] 3jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 t'n;fsf] kl/ro eof] . t'n;fn] Ps lbg Ph]G6;Fu j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] lh1f;f /flvg . /fd|f] tnj / sfd eP cfkm" klg ljb]z hfg OR5's /x]sf] atfOg . Ph]G6n] /fd|f] sfd cfP vj/ ug{] jtfP . s]xL lbgkl5 Ph]G6n] t'n;fnfO{ lab]z hfg] Ps km/s k|:tfj ;'gfP . Ph]G6sf cg';f/ lgs} nfdf] ;dob]lv g]kfn cfphfp ul//x]sf] Ps hgf sf]l/og gful/s d+uf]lnog d'nsf] g]kfnL o'jtL;Fu ljjfx ug{ O{R5's /x]sf] / ljjfx u/]/ sf]l/of n}hfg tof/ 5g . obL t'n;f sf]l/of hfg OR5's eP pQm sf]l/og;Fu ljjfx ug{ ;lS5g . Ph]G6n] t'n;fnfO{ s] klg ;+emfP eg] Ps 8]9 jif{kl5 sf]/Log;Fusf] bfDkTo hLjg dg k/]g jf sf]l/og;Fu a:g dg nfu]g eg] ;DjGw ljR5]b u/]/ :jtGq hLjg hLpg klg ;lsG5 . t'n;fnfO{ z'?df t Ph]G6sf] k|:tfj dg k/]g . t/, Ph]G6n] lgs} s/ u/]kl5 t'n;f sf]l/ognfO{ e]6g nflhDkf6sf] Uofªhf]ª xf]6n k'lug . /fd|f] cªu|]hL af]Ng] tyf ;fdfGo g]kfnL ;d]t a'emg] sf]l/ogsf] xflb{s Jojxf/n] t'n;f k|efljt eOg . sf]l/ogn] cfkm"nfO{ g]kfnL s]6Lx? c;n nfu]sf sf/0f ljjfx ug{ OR5's /x]sf] atfof] . sf]l/ogn] jif{sf] slDtsf tLg k6s >LdtL;Fu} cfkm" g]kfn cfpg] klg atfof] / ljjfx u/]/ nu]sL >LdtLnfO{ sf]l/ofdf nu]/ /fd|f] hflu/ nufO{ lbg] jfrf ;d]t u¥of] . e]63f6kl5 t'n;fsf] sf]l/og;Fu lg/Gt/ ;Dks{ x'g yfNof] . sf]l/og gful/s t'n;fnfO{ b}lgs kmf]g uYof{] eg] km];a's dfkm{t dfofn] el/Psf Dof;]hx? k7fpFYof] . lj:tf/} t'n;f sf]l/og gful/stkm{ em'sfj a9fpg yflng / sf]l/og;Fu ljjfx ug{ d~h'/ x'Fb} uOg . t'n;fn] eQmk'/df yfªsf Joj;fo ;~rfng ul//x]sf cfkmgf sfsfnfO{ sf]l/og / cfkmgf] ;DjGw tyf ljjfxsf] ljifodf atfOg . sfsfn] klg sf]l/ognfO{ e]6] / pgn] klg sf]l/ogdf s'g} vf]6 b]vfpg ;s]gg . kfl/jfl/s ;xdlts} cfwf/df t'n;f / sf]l/og gful/sn] ;g @)!# sf] km]a|'c/Ldf sf7df8f}+af6 sf]6 Dofl/h u/] . ljjfx u/]sf] Ps dlxgf kZrft t'n;f sf]l/og;Fu sf]l/of pl8g . sf]l/of k'u]kl5 dfq pgn] yfxf kfOg sf]l/og gful/s ;x/sf] geP/ ufpFsf] afl;Gbf lyof] . p;sL cfdfn] cs{};Fu ljjfx u/]sL lyOg . h;n] ubf{ pm / p;sL alxgLnfO{ ;f}t]gL cfdfn] x'sf{PsL lyOg . alxgLsf] ljjfx eO;s]sf] / ;f}t]gL cfdfsf] klg d[To' eO;s]sf]n] 3/df afa' / ! hgf ;f}t]gL efO dfq lyP . Ps8]9 dlxgfsf] a;fO{kl5 t'n;fnfO{ s] a'emg ufx|f] k/]g eg] p;sf] >Ldfgn] pgnfO{ ljjfx ug'{sf] Pp6} dfq sf/0f 3/]n' sfdbf/ agfpg' lyof] . klxnfsf] jfrf ;DemfpFb} t'n;f klt;Fu u'gf;f] ug{ yflng . t'n;fsf] u'gf;f] lj:tf/} la/f]wdf jblnPkl5 kltsf] qmf]wsf] dfqf klg a9of] . dfofn' 7fg]sf] klt lx+;|s aGg yfn]kl5 t'n;f 5fFufaf6 vl;g . t'n;fsf b'lb{g To;lbgaf6 z'? eof], h'g lbg pgL b]j/af6 anfTs[t eOg . b]j/n] u/]sf] ck/fwnfO{ kltn] ;fdfGo ?kdf lnOlbPkl5 t'n;fsf] g/s ofqf ;'? eof] . >Ldfg / b]j/af6 anfTs[t x'g' pgsf] b}lgsL aGg k'Uof] . t'n;fnfO{ 6]lnkmf]g tyf OG6/g]6sf] kx'Fraf6 6f9} /flvof] . em08} 8]9jif{sf] oftgf kZrft t'n;f 3/af6 efu]/ sf]l/ofsf] /fhwfgL l;of]n cfOk'lug . /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf sf]l/of k'u]sf Ps g]kfnLsf] ;xof]udf gf]e]Dj/ @)!$ df g]kfn cfpg ;kmn eOg . t'n;f g]kfn cfPkl5 dfq yfxf eof], Ph]G6n] t'n;f;Fu ljjfx u/fOlbP jfkb sf]l/og;Fu ! nfv @) xhf/ ?k}ofF lnPsf] /x]5 . t'n;fsf] s]; k|x/L;Dd k'Uof] . Ph]G6n] sf]l/o;g;Fu ! nfv @) xhf/ lnPsf] klg k|x/Ln] kQf nufof] . t/, t'n;fn] sf]l/og;Fu sfg'gL ljjfx u/]/ uPsL lyOg . h;n]ubf{ Ph]06nfO{ sfg'gL sf/jfxL ug{ ;d:of k¥of] . a]rlavgsf] cfofd abn]sf] cg'kftdf lgoGq0fsf] ultljwL k5fl8 k/]sf] l:jsf5{g . a]rlavgdf k/]sf r]nLx?sf] k"g/:yfkgfsf nflu sf7df8f}+d} bL3{sfnLg k"g:yf{kgf s]Gb| lgdf{0f ug{ nfluPsf] sfkmn]sf] egfO{ 5 . dfgja]rlavgsf] km]l/bf] :j?knfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ k/Dk/fut ;+oGq / ;f]rn] dfq ;+ej 5}g . o;sf cfofd / :j?kx?af/] ulx/f] cWoog / cg';Gwfg cfjZos 5 . To;}u/L /fHo tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] ablnFbf] :j?k cg';f/sf] /fli6«o tyf cGt/fli6«o :t/sf] PsLs[t sfo{ ug'{kg{] b]lvG5 . 3jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 3c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 qmdz k[i7 ! af6 qmdz k[i7 ! af6 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 4. 4 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 @)^$ ;fn df3df :yfkgf ePsf] lsª8d OGe]:6d]G6 g]kfn cyf{t s]=cfO{= g]kfn, r]nLa]6L a]rljvg lj?4sf cleofg tyf dlxnf Ifdtf clea[4L;Fu ;DjlGwt ljleGg sfo{qmdx?df ;lqmo /xFb} cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL ;dfhdf /x]sf] dfgj j]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ ;DjGwL ljleGg ck/fw lgoGq0fsf nflu lqmofzLn s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ljz]ifu/L r]nLx?;Fu ;DalGwt hgr]tgfd'ns sfo{qmd, ;'/lIft cfjf; u[x, k/fdz{, p4f/ tyf ;Ldf lgu/fgL sfo{qmd, l;k tyf cfod'ns sfo{qmd / z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cfkm"nfO{ s]lGb|t u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 . :yfkgfsf] jif{ cyf{t @)^$ ;fn af6} zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf u/]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf xfn;Dd !@ j6f lhNnf zfvfx? ;+rfngdf cfO{;s]sf 5g . slknj:t' lhNnfsf] s[i0fgu/df klxnf] zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ul/Psf] lyof] . ljz]ifu/L ef/t;Fu /x]sf k|d'v ;Ldf gfsfx?nfO{ dWogh/ub{} :yfkgf ul/Psf zfvf sfof{nox? dfkm{t ef/t tyf ef/t x'Fb} ljZjsf t];|f] d'n'sdf a]rljvgsf nflu nluPsf jf a]rljvgsf] hf]lvddf k/]sf r]nLx?sf] p4f/ tyf k/fd;{ sfo{ x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . ;g @)!% sf] tYofªsnfO{ x]g{] xf] eg] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf zfvf sfof{nox?af6 @% xhf/ eGbf a9L r]nLx?n] k/fdz{ ;]jf k|fKt u/]sf 5g . ef/ttkm{ hfg nfu]sf r]nLx?nfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf] k/fdz{ ;]jfsf sf/0f sltko hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nLx? a]lrgaf6 hf]luPsf 5g eg] dfgj a]rlavgsf lu/f]xx?nfO{ sfg"gsf] bfo/f;Dd Nofpg ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 . s]= cfO{ g]kfnsf] xfn;Dd s+rgk'/, gjnk/f;L, AffFs], ?kGb]xL, s}nfnL, slknj:t', emffkf, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, k;f{, df]/ª / lrtjgdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf r]nLa]6L a]rlavg lj?4sf] cleofgM s]=cfO{= g]kfn eO;s]sf 5g eg] cfjZostf cg';f/ yk zfvf lj:tf/ cufl8 al9/x]sf 5g . ut jif{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] slknj:t' zfvfaf6 ;j}eGbf a9L $,#$! hgf r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ ;]jf k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . To;}u/L bnfn jf ljleGg sf/0fn] l;dfgfsf;Dd k'u]sf / a]rlavgsf] pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf !%* hgf r]nLx?nfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ?kGb]xL zfvfn] 3/ kmsf{pg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . h'g s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf] cGo zfvfsf] t'ngfdf ;j}eGbf a9L xf] . ?kGb]xL zfvfn] g} a]rlavg;Fu ;DjlGwt && j6f s]z k|x/LnfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] lyof] eg] emfkf zfvf dfkm{t & hgf r]nLx?nfO{ k'g/:yfkgf s]Gb|df k7fOPsf] 5 . :yfkgfsf] cf7 jif{sf] jLrdf nfvf}+ r]nLx?nfO{ ljleGg txsf] ;]jf k'¥ofO;s]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ut jif{ dfq} a]rlavg;Fu ;DjlGwt !% j6f ck/fwnfO{ cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofPsf] 5 . s}nfnL zfvfn] anfTs[t Ps hgf r]nLsf] ;Dk"0f{ pkrf/ u/]sf] lyof] eg] emfkf zfvfn] btf{ u/fPsf] d'2fdf ;DdfgLt lhNnf cbfntn] bf]ifL 7x/ ub{} @ hgfnfO{ !% jif{ / ! hgfnfO{ !) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo km};nf u/]sf] lyof] . s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf lhNnf zfvfx?n] gLoldt ?kdf ;Ldfdf lgu/fgL ul//x]sf 5g . h;n]ubf{ a]rlavgdf kg{ ;Sg] r]nLx?sf] p4f/df 7'nf] ;xof]u k'Ub} cfPsf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ :yfgLo :t/df ;+rfng ul/Psf ;r]tgfd'ns tyf cfocfh{gd'vL ljleGg sfo{qmdx?sf sf/0f a]rlavgsf] hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fdf k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ;xof]u k'Ug ;s]sf] 5 . ;Ldf If]qdf ;lqmo s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf lhNnf zfvfx?n] b]zleqsf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?;Fu;Fu} l5d]sL d'n's ef/t ;Dj4 ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu klg ;dGjfoTds ultljwLnfO{ hf]8 lbFb} cfPsf 5g . ljz]ifu/L ef/tLo ;Ldfdf ;lqmo ef/tLo ;Ldf ;'/Iff an P;=P;=la=;Fu x/]s zfvfn] ;Dks{– ;DaGw lj:tf/ u/]sf 5g . h;sf sf/0f ;Ldfgfsfaf6 x'g] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg sfo{ Go"gLs/0fdf PsLs[t k|of; x'g ;s]sf] 5 . To;}u/L ef/tLo ;+rf/sdL{ / a]rljvgsf] If]qdf ;lqmo ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yfx?;Fu ;DalGwt lhNnf zfvfx?n] ;DjGw lj:tf/ u/]sf 5g . h;sf sf/0f ;Ldf gfsf sl6;s]sf r]nLx?sf] p4f/ ug{ ;d]t lgs} ;lhnf] x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf zfvf sfof{nox?n] :yfgLo :t/df dlxnfx?sf] ;d"x u7g, dlxnf clwsf/ tyf ;'/Iff;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVg] cGt/f{li6«o lbj; Pjd cleofgx?sf] :yfgLo If]qdf cfof]hgf / ;xeflutf, ;8s gf6s, xf]l8{Ë af]8{ tyf :yfgLo /]l8of] / kqklqsf dfkm{t a]rlavgsf] ;DjGwdf ;"rgf k|jfx, ;xsf/L lgdf{0f;Fu;Fu} dlxnfx?nfO{ cfocfh{g tkm{ clek|]l/t u/fpg] ljleGg tflndx?sf] cfof]hgf nufotsf sfo{x? ub{} cfPsf 5g . To;}u/L a]lrPsf jf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ s]= cfO{= g]kfnn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] k'g/:yfkgf u[x;Dd k'¥ofpg] tyf sltko r]nLx?sf] kfl/jfl/s k'gld{ng u/fpg] sfo{ klg x'Fb} cfPsf 5g . r]nLa]6L a]rlavgsf] lgoGq0f / Go"gLs/0fsf nflu To;df klg ;Ldf gfsfx?df /x]/ lgu/fgLsf] sfd ug'{ lgs} r'gf}tLk"0f{ 5 . ljz]ifu/L v'nf l;dfgfsfsf sf/0f cg'udg jf lgu/fgL sfo{df lgs} ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ ;'/Iff lgsfosf sd{rf/Lx?sf] tLj| ;?jfn] klg r]nLa]6L a]rlavg tyf Go"gLs/0fdf ;d:ofx? k}bf eO/x]sf 5g . ljz]ifu/L ;Ldf If]qdf /x]/ sfo{ubf{ :yfgLo ;'/Iff lgsfo;Fusf] ;dGjo lgs} g} :yfkgfsf] cf7 jif{sf] jLrdf nfvf}+ r]nLx?nfO{ ljleGg txsf] ;]jf k'¥ofO{ ;s]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] ut jif{ dfq} a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt !% j6f ck/fwnfO{ cbfnt;Dd k'¥ofPsf] 5 . s}nfnL zfvfn] anfTs[t Ps hgf r]nLsf] ;Dk"0f{ pkrf/ u/]sf] lyof] eg] emfkf zfvfn] btf{ u/fPsf] d'2fdf ;Ddflgt lhNnf cbfntn] bf]ifL 7x/ ub{} @ hgfnfO{ !% jif{ / ! hgfnfO{ !) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo km};nf u/]sf] lyof] . 4 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 5. 5c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}l·s lx+;f M sf/0f / ;dfwfg ;dfh w]/} hfthflt, efiff, j0f{ / ju{ ldn]/ ag]sf] x'G5 . oxfF c;n tyf v/fa b'a} vfn] dflg;x? /x]sf x'G5g . o:t} qmddf c;n dflg;x?n] ;dfhnfO{ /fd|f] af6f]lt/ dfu{lgb]{z ul//x]sf x'G5g eg] v/fa dflg;x?n] ;dfhnfO{ ktgsf] af6f]lt/ ws]ln/x]sf x'G5g . cfh xfd|f] ;dfhdf dfgj a]rlavg, anfTsf/, 3/]n' lx+;f, n}lu+s lx+;f nufotsf cdfgjLo lqmofsnfkx?af6 ljz]if u/L dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx? k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 36gfx? gb]v]sf], g;'g]sf] lbg} 5}g . dflg;n] dflg;nfO{ j:t';/x lsga]r ug'{ cdfgjLo / 3[l0ft sfo{ xf] . cfh xfd|f xhf/f}+ r]nLx?n] d[To'j/0f ul/;s]sf 5g eg] slt hLjg / d[To'sf] bf];ffwdf 56k6fO/x]sf 5g . sltko dlxnfx? cfˆg} 3/sf] rf/ s'gfdf cfFz' lkP/ afRg afWo 5g . dflg;nfO{ j:t';/x a]lrg'sf sf/0fx?dWo] clzIff / hgr]tgfsf] sdL d'Vo xf] . oltdfq geP/ u/Llasf] sf/0fn] klg dflg;x? a]lrg afWo 5g . a]/f]huf/Lsf sf/0fn] dflg;x? ;lhn} bnfnsf] kf;f]df k/]sf] xfdL kfpF5f}+ . ha;Dd k|To]s dflg;x? lzIffsf] pHofnf] 3fdaf6 al~rt x'G5g ta;Dd oL a]rlavg nufotsf 36gfx? al9g}/xg]5g . dflg;nfO{ o:tf] a]rlavgdf kg{af6 /f]Sg, ;r]t u/fpg lzIffsf] cfjZostf 5 . lzIfffnfO{ dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 . csf{]tkm{ ;+:yfsf] sfo{k|0ffnL tyf ;+:yf / ;'/Iff lgsfoaLr ag]sf] ;~hfn jf ;Dks{ a'em]sf ;'/IffsdL{ ;?jf eP/ csf{] ;'/IffsdL{ cfpFbf pQm ;'/IffsdL{nfO{ :yfgLo j:t'l:ytL a'emg g} ;do nfU5 . ;Ldfgfsfaf6 r]nLx?nfO{ ef/tLo ;x/;Dd n}hfg] ;jfndf cfk/flws lu/f]xnfO{ kqmg jf r]nLx?nfO{ hfgaf6 /f]Sg ;"rgfsf] cToflws dxTj /xG5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf ;'/Iff ;Dj4 If]qsf sd{rf/Lx? l56f]l56f] ;?jf x'Fbf ;"rgfsf] ;|f]tx?n] ;d]t lg/Gt/tf kfpFb}gg . To;}u/L s]= cfO{= g]kfnsf zfvf sfof{nodf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx? ;d]t sltko cj:yfdf c;'/Iffaf]waf6 kLl8t x'g' kg{] cj:yfx? ;[hgf x'G5g . ;Ldf lgu/fgLdf a;]sf] sd{rf/L :j+o g} c;'/lIft /xg k'Uof] eg] sfo{;Dkfbgdf g} ;d:ofx? x'g' :jefljs xf] . /fHo ;Dj4 ;'/Iff lgsfon] k|bfg ug'{ kg{] ;'/Iff / ;lqmotfsf cefjdf zfvfsf sd{rf/Lx? c;'/lIft aGg k'U5g . csf{]tkm{ dfgj a]rlavgdf cGt/fli6«o If]qsf cfk/flws lu/f]xx? g} ;+rflnt x'Fbf o:tf lu/f]xx?sf] kx'Fr / ;fdfYo{sf sf/0fn] klg c;'/Iffsf] ;+efjgf a9]/ hfG5 . sltko 36gfdf r]nLa]6L a]rlavgsf bf]ifLx?nfO{ /fhgLlts ;+/If0f k|fKt x'g'n] klg r]lna]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fsf] sfo{df ;d:of k}bf eO/x]sf] 5g . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] ;lqmotfdf ljleGg ufpFx?df dlxnf ;d"xx? u7g ePsf 5g . o:tf ;d"x dfkm{t dlxnfx?sf] cfly{s tyf r]tgfut Ifdtf clea[4L;Fu;Fu} r]lna]6L a]rlavg la?4sf ljleGg ultljwLx?nfO{ cufl8 a9fpg] nIo /flvPsf] 5 . t/, ;dfhn] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0fnfO{ cem} klg pRr k|fyldstfdf g/fVbf lgdf{0f ePsf ;d"x?n] klg a]rljvgsf] ljifodf oy]i6 sfd ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . h;n] ubf{ klg a]rlavg lgoGq0f tyf Go"gLs/0fsf] sfo{ r'gf}ltk"0f{ alg/x]sf] 5 . /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] nflu bL3{sfnLg of]hgf lgdf{0f / jt{dfgdf k|fKt sfg"gsf] cfwf/df sfof{Gjog u/fpg] ljifodf 7f]; sbd grfNg'n] cf;fnfUbf pknAwLx? xfl;n ug{ d'l:sn ePsf] 5 . 5c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 :s"nb]lv sn]h;Dd lgMz'Ns agfpg h?/L 5 . dlxnfx?nfO{ bfOhf] gNofPsf] lgx'Fdf >Ldfg / 3/k/Ljf/af6 zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s oftgf lbOPsf] 5 eg] sltsf] xTof;Dd u/LPsf] 5 . bfO{hf] k|yfn] klg xfd|f] ;dfhdf dlxnf dflysf] lx+;fnfO{ k|>o lbO/x]sf] 5 . ;uF;u}+ slyt af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf klg cfh dlxnf dfly h3Go lx+;f ePsf] 5 . u/La / ljwjf dlxnfx? ljz]if u/L o:tf lx+;fsf] lzsf/ ePsf 5g . ca o:tf cdfgjLo ultljlwnfO{ Go"lgs/0f ug{ 1fg / r]tgfsf] lau'n km'Sg'kb{5 ;fy;fy} n}lËs lx+;f /f]Sgsf nflu dlxnfx? klg Ps cfk;df ;+ul7t x'g h?/L 5 . dflg;x?df Pstf / ljZjf; gePsfn] klg lx+;fx? a9]sf 5g . dlxnfx? a9L dfqfdf hftLo, bfO{hf] / of}]ghGo tyf af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf zf]lift / kLl8t eO/x]sf 5g . zf]if0f / bdgsf] kbf{ RoftL pHofnf]tkm{ n}hfg ljBfno lzIffaf6} o:tf vfnsf lx+;fsf af/]df hfgsfl/ u/fpg cfjZos 5 . a]rlavg /f]Sgsf nfuL ;~rf/sf ljleGg dfWodx? Hf:t}M /]l8of], l6=eL= kqklqsf / gf6ssf dfWodaf6 hgr]tgf hufpg'kb{5 . dfgj a]rlavg / n}lËs lx+;f cGTo ug{ dlxnfx?nfO{ cfly{s ?kn] ;Ifd agfpg' cfjZos 5 . a]rlavg ug]{ bnfnnfO{ d[To'b08sf] ;hfo lbg] lgod sfg'g ca /fHon] agfpg'k5{ . ;fy} g]kfnsf w]/} dflg;x? ef/tdf a]lrg k'u]sfn] g]kfn / ef/tsf] l;df gfsfx?df s8f ;'/Iff / g]kfn ef/taLrsf] v'Nnf l;dfgfnfO{ s8fOsf ;fy ;'/IffTds agfpg' kb{5 . ha;Dd /fHodf o:tf] sfg"gL Joj:yf x'b}+g ta;Dd tL lx+;|sx?n] cfˆgf] :jfdLTj hdfO/fVg] 5g . ca xfdL dfgj a]rlavglj?4, n}lËs lx+;flj?4 ufpF+ ufpF af6, a:tL a:tL af6 p7L h'g;'s} cj:yfdf klg ;'/lIft /xg ;Sg] jftfj/0fsf] ;[hgf ug{ /fHonfO{ bafa lbg'kb{5 . ljleGg 7fFpdf hgr]tgf km}nfpgsf nflu ljleGg hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd ug'{kb{5 . o:tf ;d:ofx? Smltko cfˆg} nfk{aflxn] klg cfpg ;Sg] x'Fbf s;}n] nf]e / nfnr b]vfP/ j}jflxs ;DaGw ufF:g vf]h] cfkm" ;t{s /xg'k5{ . o;sf] nflu ljz]if u/L lszf]/fj:yfsf dlxnfx? ;r]t x'g h?/L x'G5 . cGTodf dfgj a]rlavg ug{' ck/fwhGo sfo{ xf] . o:tf ck/fw ug]{ ck/fwLnfO{ d[To'b08 / kmfF;Lsf] ;hfo x'g'k5{ . lzIffnfO{ Jojxfl/s ?kdf nfu' ug'{kb{5 / dfgj a]rlavg tyf n}lËs lx+;f nufotsf r]tgfd"ns ljifox?nfO{ ljBfno lzIff b]lv g} nfu' ug'{kb{5 . tadfq xfdL xfd|f] ;dfh / /fi6nfO{ dfgj a]rlavgd'Qm, n}lËs lx+;f /lxt /fi6« lgdf{0f ug{ ;S5f}+ . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ n}lËs lx+;f lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cGt{/fli6«o cleofgsf cj;/df s]=cfO{= g]kfnåf/f pRr df=lj df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?;uF cfof]hgf u/LPsf] lgaGw k|ltof]uLtf sfo{qmdsf] k|yd :yfg k|fKt lgaGw == zflGt rf}w/L sIff M !), ledf]bo p=df=lj kbdk'/ lrtjg
  • 6. 6 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 20156 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 sfFs8le§fdf s]=cfO{= g]kfn v'Nnf l;df gfsfsf sf/0f g]kfnL r]nLx? ef/tLo zx/df a]rlavg x'g] qmdnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ ;Ldf gfsfdf lgu/fgL u/fpg] clek|fon] s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] ef/t;Fu hf]l8Psf k|d'v ;Ldf gfsfx?df cfkmgf] zfvf lj:tf/ ul//x]sf] 5 . ;f]xL cg'?k g} k"j{sf] emfkf lhNnfl:yt sfFs8le§fdf zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg h:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{ lg?T;flxt u/fpg ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?;Fu xft]dfnf] ub}{ sfFs8le§f zfvfn] lhNnf k|zf;gsfof{no,lhNnfljsf;;ldlt,lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no, Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no, :yfgLo gu/kflnsf tyf uflj; sfof{no, eG;f/ sfof{no, :yfgLo ;fdflhs tyf /fhgLlts ;+u7g / JolQmx?nufot ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu ;dGjo u/L ;Ldf lgu/fgL ;]jf k|bfg ul//x]sf] 5 . k}bn tyf ljleGg ;jf/L ;fwgx? k|of]u u/L ef/ttkm{ hfg nfu]sf ofqLx?nfO{ /f]sL ;'/lIft :yfgfGt/0f, dfgj a]rlavg / of}ghGo /f]ux?sf ljifodf klg ;"rgf / k/fdz{ k|bfg ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . ;g @)!% sf] ;'?jftL cf7 dlxgfdf Ps xhf/ % ;o (^ hgf r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . o;qmddf s]=cfO{= g]kfn zfvf :yfkgf ePsf] cf7 dlxgfsf] cjlwdf &^ hgf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nLx?nfO{ k/fdz{ u/L cleefjs;Fu k'gld{ng u/fP/ 3/ kmsf{OPsf] 5 . cf7 dlxgfsf] cjlwdf $( hgf r]nLx?nfO{ yk cg';Gwfgsf nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfodf k7fOof] eg] dfgj a]rlavgdf ;+nUgtf /x]sf] cfwf/df b'O{j6f 36gfdf sfg'gL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOPsf] lyof] . ;+:yfdfkm{t cufl8 a9fOPsf] pQm a]rlavgsf] 36gf cGtu{t tLg hgfnfO{ cbfntaf6 bf]ifL 7x/ u/L b'O{hgfnfO{ !% jif{sf] / Ps hgfnfO{ !) jif{sf] s}b ;hfo tf]lsPsf] 5 . lgu/fgLsf qmddf e]l6Psf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf sltko r]nLx?nfO{ kl/jf/;Fu k'gld{ng u/fpg ;xh x'G5 t sltko r]nLx?sf] ;xh} kl/jf/df kms{g ;Sg] cj:yf /xFb}g . o; ;+:yfaf6 a]rlavg k|efljt r]nLx?nfO{ dgf]k/fdz{ ;Fu;Fu} ?rL / Ifdtf cg';f/sf l;nfO{a'gfO{ nufotsf cfod"ns ;Lkx? klg k|bfg x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . h;dWo] 5 hgf pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf r]nL / Pshgf a]rljvg k|efljt r]nLnfO{ cleefjssf] :jLs[ltdf s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] lrtjgl:yt k"g:yf{kgf s]Gb|df k7fOPsf] 5 . dfgj a]rljvg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu pgLx?nfO{ cfjZos k/fdz{ / ;"rgf ;Fu;Fu} :jfenDag agfpg' klg h?/L 5 . lsgls clwsf+z a]rlavgsf 36gfx? k5fl8 dlxnfx?sf] k'?if;Fusf] cfly{s lge{/tf, a]/f]huf/L / ul/jL k|i6 b]lvG5g . t;y{M a]rlavg la?4 dlxnfx?nfO{ ;f+u7lgs ?kdf ;r]t u/fpFb} pgLx?nfO{ cyf]{kfh{gsf] If]qdf lqmofzLn agfpg] p2]Zon] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfFs8le§f zfvfn] d]rL gu/kflnsfsf ljleGg j8fdf r]nL ;d"x :yfkgfnfO{ klg dxTj lb+b} cfPsf] 5 . o;} ;Gbe{df d]rL gu/kflnsf–!) df k"j]{nL Pstf dlxnf ;d"x u7g ul/Psf] 5 . ;d"x dfkm{t dlxnf a]rljvg tyf dlxnf lx+;fsf ljifodf ;r]tgfTds sfo{qmd / cyf]{kfh{gsf nflu l;nfO{s6fO{ tfnLd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . :yfgLo ;/f]sf/jfnf nufot ;+3 ;+:yfx?sf] aLrdf /x]/ r]nLa]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ul/Psf k|oTgx?n] s]xL ;sf/fTds kl/0ffd xfl;n u/]sf] ePklg ;+:yfn] ljleGgvfn] r'gf}tLsf] ;fdgf ug'{ kl//x]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L cfjZos hgzlQmsf] cefjsf sf/0f l;df lgu/fgLdf afwf kl//x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ d'2f btf{ ubf{ ;fIfLsf] cefj, sltko cj:yfdf cfk/flws lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUgx?nfO{ :yfgLox?af6 lbOg] ;+/If0f, k|x/L tyf cbfntsf] emGeml6nf] sfg'gL k|lqmof kLl8tsf cleefjsaf6 cbfnt;fd" km]l/g] aofgh:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ r]nLa]6L a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf] k|of;df yk ;jntf k|fKt x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . csf]{tkm{ k"g:yf{kgf ul/Psf sltko r]nLx?df ;d]t cfjZos l:y/tf / hLjgk|ltsf] ;sf/fTds b[li6sf]0f galglb+bf sfo{;Dkfbgdf c;xhtf k}bf eO/x]sf] 5 . s'g} sfo{ r'gf}tLljxLg x'Fb}gg . ;d:ofsf] huaf6 g} ;dfwfgsf pkfox? klxNofpg] xf] . t;y{ s]=cfO{= g]kfn sfFs8le§f zfvfn] ;fdgf ul//x]sf ;d:of / r'gf}tLx?nfO{ cj;/sf] ?kdf kl/0ft ug'{k5{ eGg]tkm{ xfdLx? k|ltj4 5f}+ . b]lvPsf r'gf}tLx? Go'gLs/0f ub}{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fu Pstfj4 eP/ r]nLa]6L a]rljvg lj?4sf] sfo{nfO{ yk k|efjsf/L agfpg s]=cfO{= g]kfn sfFs8le§f zfvf lqmofzLn /xg] 5 . h;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?af6 cfjZos ;xof]u / ;dy{g k|fKt x'g] ljZjf; ub{5f}+ . s]Gb|Lo :t/sf ultljlwx¿ 6 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ n}lËs lx+;f la?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofg /]l8of] sfo{qmd …r]nL cfjfhÚsf] pTkfbg sfo{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] jflif{s ;fwf/0f;ef k'g:yfkgf s]Gb|df /dfpFb} lbbL alxgL
  • 7. 7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 ;'lbgsf] cfzdf k"l0f{df 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] k"l0f{dfnfO{ Pp6f u]i6 xfp;df lnP/ uof] . vfgf vfP/ 6ofS;L 8«fOe/ klg k"l0f{df;Fu} Pp6} vf6df ;'Tg tof/ eof] . k"l0f{dfn] ;Fu} ;'Tg dflgg . t/, 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] afWo agfPkl5 pgsf] s]xL nfu]g . ;xf/f 7fg]sf] 8«fOe/af6 g} pgL anfTs[t eOg . cefj, ul/jL / clzIffaf6 g]kfnL ;dfh cfqmfGt 5 . g]kfnL ;dfhsf] of] sdhf]/L jf jfWotf dfgj j]rlvgsf ck/fwLx?sf nflu pe{/ e"dL alg/x]sf] 5 . ul/jLsf sf/0f sof}+ u|fdL0f cfdfafa'x? cfkmgf ;GtfgnfO{ 3/]n' sfdbf/sf] ?kdf ;x/ k7fpg afWo 5g . l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnfsL k"l0f{d e§/fO{ -gfd kl/jt{g_ klg !$ jif{sf] pd]/df Ps hgf ufpFn];Fu sf7df8f}+ cfOg . sf7df8f}+ Nofpg] dflg;n] pgsf] afa'cfdf;Fu …5f]/LnfO{ /fd|f] 3/df hfuL/ nufOlbg]Ú jfrf u/]sf] lyof] . x'g t k"l0f{dfsf afa'cfdfnfO{ 5f]/LnfO{ sfd ug{ k7fpg] dg lyPg . t/, r/d ul/jLsf sf/0f tLg 5f]/L ;lxtsf] kfFr hgfsf] kl/jf/ kfNg lgs} ;d:of eO/x]sf] lyof] . tLg 5f]/L dWo]sL h]7L 5f]/L k"l0f{dfnfO{ sfdsf nflu sf7df8f}+ k7fpg kfP Ps t kl/jf/df cfjZos cfly{s af]em sd x'GYof], eg] 5f]/Ln] klg slDtdf bz}Fdf eP klg b'O{rf/ k};f] sdfP/ k7fpF5] eGg] cfzf k"l0f{dfsf afa' cfdfdf lyof] . csf{]tkm{, 5f]/fsf] cfzfdf /x]sf k"l0f{dfsf afa' nuftf/ tLg 5f]/L hlGdPkl5 lgs} lg/f; lyP . cfkmgf] lg/f;faf6 l;lh{t cfqmf]; pgL 5f]/Lx?nfO{ kf]Vg] uy{] . 5f]/Lsf] ljifonfO{ lnP/ afa'cfdfaLr x'g] em}emu8f / tgfjsf sf/0f k"l0f{dfnfO{ cfkm"nfO{ a'af cfdfn] x]Fnf ug'{x'G5 eGg] dx;'; x'g yfn]sf] lyof] . t;y{M sf7df8f}+df uP/ sfd ug{] ljifodf pgL dGh'/ g} eP/ sf7df8f}+ cfPsL lyOg . ufpFsf bfOn] Ps hgfsf] 3/df efF8f dfemg], n'uf w'g] / aRrf x]g{] sfddf nufO{ lbP . sfdsf] af]em olt x'GYof] ls ljxfg kfFr ah] p7]kl5 /flt !! ah];Dd xft g} vfnL x'Fb}gYof] . sfd ug{] 3/ dflns dflnSgL olt;Dd b'i6 lyP ls, ;fx|} ;fgf] uNtLdf klg k"l0f{dfn] lk6fO{ vfg'kb{Yof] . hlt sfd u/] klg 3/ dflnsnfO{ pgn] l/emfpg ;lsgg . dflns dflnSgL hflu/] lyP / pgLx?sf] ;fgL 5f]/L lyOg . pgLx? clkm; uPsf] a]nfdf 5f]/Lsf] ;Dk"0f{ x]/rfx k"l0f{dfn] g} ug'{kb{Yof] . slxn]sfxLF dflnSgLsf] clkm; ePsf] a]nfdf dflnssf] clkm; 5'§L x'GYof] / dflns 3/ a:y] . dflns 3/ a;]sf] lbg pgL of}g lx+;f / b'Jo{jxf/ ef]Ug afWo x'lGyg . dflns …s;}nfO{ eg] l;WofO{ lbG5'Ú eGb} wDSofpFy] . k"l0f{df 8/n] cft+lst x'lGyg . pgL cfkm"dfly ePsf] ck/fw cfF;'sf] 3'8sf] lkP/ ;xg afWo lyOg . sfd u/]sf] 3/df l6Sg s;} u/] klg g;Sg] ePkl5 k"l0f{dfn] efUg] ljrf/ ul/g . t/, efu]/ sxfF hfg] < sf7df8f}+ pgsf] nflu k"0f{ ckl/lrt lyof] . pgsf cfkmgf eGg] sf7df8f}+df sf]xL lyPgg . eP klg sf7df8f}+df vf]Hg] ;fdYo{ k"l0f{df;Fu lyPg . efUg] ljrf/ ubf{ub{} s]xL lbg ljt] < efUg t efUg], t/ sxfF hfg] eGg] k|Zgn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ lgs} lk/f]nL /xof] . zlgjf/sf] lbg dflns dflnSgL 3/} lyP . 5f]/L ?jfPsf] lgx'Fdf dflnSgLn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ lgs} g/fd|f]u/L lkl6g . ;fpgLsf] lk6fOn] 3/ 5f85' eg]/ ;f]lr/x]sL k"l0f{dfnfO{ efUg] lxDdt h'6fOlbof] . hfg] uGtAosf] 6'ªuf] g} gePsf] cj:yfdf b"w lsGg lglSnPsL k"l0f{df dflnssf] 3/df kmls{Ogg . k"l0f{df lbpF;f] efu]sL lyOg . ljleGg uNnL / af6f] sf6b} dflg;x?sf] 7"nf] le8ef8 ePsf] Pp6f rf]sdf cfOk'lug . uf8Ldf sfd ug]{ ;xrfns / kl/rfnsx?n] afg]Zj/ rf]s eg]/ lrRofPsf] ;'g]kl5, cfkm" afg]Zj/ rf]sdf cfOk'u]sf] k"l0f{dfn] a'lemg . lj:tf/} ;fFem kg{ yfNof] . dflg;sf] le8 klg kftnf] aGb} uof] . k"l0f{dfsf] st} k'Ug] uGtAo lyPg . lsgls k'Ug] 7fpFsf] 6'Ëf] g} gul/sg pgL dflnssf] 3/af6 lglSnPsL lyOg . ;fFem klg /fttkm{ cufl8 a9b} uof] . ;fj{hlgs ;jf/Lsf ;fwgx? ;8sdf u'8g 5f8] . 6ofS;L / lghL ;jf/L dfq ;8sdf b]lvGy] . zld{nf afg]Zj/ rf]ssf] a; :6kdf ple/x]sL lyOg . Pp6f 6ofS;L pgsf] glhs} cfP/ /f]lsof] . …a}gL 6ofS;L rflxPsf] xf] <Ú 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] ;f]Wof] . …xf]Og .Ú k"l0f{dfn] hjfkm lbOg . 6ofS;L 8«fOe/ s]xLa]/ r'k nfUof] . …a}gLn] s;nfO{ s'/]sf] xf] <Ú 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] km]l/ ;f]Wof] . o;k6s k"l0f{df s]xL af]lngg . lsgls o;sf] hjfkm pgL;Fu lyPg . 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] lgs} s/ u/]kl5 pgn] ;fFrf] atfOg . pgsf] s'/f ;'g]kl5 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] cfkm";Fu uP /fd|f] sfd nufOlbg] k|:tfj /fVof] . pgL 6ofS;L rl9g . gr9]/ klg s] ug'{ < sDtLdf of] lj/fgf] ;x/df, of] 8/nfUbf] /ftdf Ps hgf dflg; ;xf/f ag]/ cfPsf] 5 . 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] k"l0f{dfnfO{ Pp6f u]i6 xfp;df lnP/ uof] . vfgf vfP/ 6ofS;L 8«fOe/ klg k"l0f{df;Fu} Pp6} vf6df ;'Tg tof/ eof] . k"l0f{dfn] ;Fu} ;'Tg dflggg . t/, 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] afWo agfPkl5 pgsf] s]xL nfu]g . ;xf/f 7fg]sf] 8«fOe/af6 g} pgL anfTs[t eOg . 6ofS;L 8«fOe/n] pgnfO{ k'Nrf]s l:yt Pp6f /]i6'/]G6df efF8f dfemg] sfd nufOlbof] . pgn] s]xL lbg efF8f dflemg . s]xL lbgkl5 /]i6'/]G6sf] ;fpn] pgnfO{ j]6/ agfof] . j]6/ aGg' yk hf]lvdsf] sfo{ lyof] . j]6]/ ag]kl5 u|fxs;Fu} a;]/ dflb/f lkpg' kb{Yof], of}ghGo xfpefp / dfbstf b]vfpg' kb{Yof] . TotL dfq xf]Og of}g ;Dks{ /fVg ;d]t afWo x'g' kb{Yof] . /]i6'/]G6df pgL ;lxt # hgf o'jtLx? …j]6/Ú sfd ug{ afWo lyP . /]i6'/]G6sf] of}g ultljwLnfO{ lnP/ s;}n] hfjnfv]n k|x/Ldf l/kf]6{ ul/lbP5 . pgL ;lxt rf/hgfo'jtLx?nfO{k|x/Ln]kqmfpu¥of].;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f a'em]kl5 pgnfO{ k|x/L Rofgn dfkm{t ;Dks{ u/]/ kl/jf/sf] lhDdf nufOof] . k"l0f{df 3/df l6Sg ;lsgg . To;dfly k|x/Ln] lhDdf nufP/ 3/ cfPsf] eg]kl5 3/ kl/jf/ / ;dfhsf] ;fd' pgnfO{ yk c;xhtf k}bf eof] . dflxnL a}gLsf] ljjfx eP/ a}gL, HjfO{;Fu sf7df8f}+ a:g yfn]sL lyOg . k"l0f{df klg sf7df8f}+ cfOg / a}gL HjfO{;Fu a;]/ HofdL sfd ug{ yflng . t/, HofdL sfd ug{] dlxnfk|lt 7]]s]bf/, ;xsdL{ / ;fx'x?n] ug{] b'Ao{jxf/af6 pgnfO{ nfUg';Dd lbSs nfUof] . Ps t sfd gkfOg], kfP klg afFRg} d'l:sn x'g], csf{]tkm{ b"Jo{jxf/sf] ;fdfgf ug'{ kg{] ePsfn] pgL x}/fg lyOg . ToxL ;dodf Ps hgf lrghfgL efph" kg{] dlxnf;Fu k"l0f{dfsf] e]63f6 eof] . tL dlxnf of}g Joj;fodf ;DnUg lyOg . tL dlxnfn] k"l0f{dfnfO{ klg Joj;fodf nfUg clek|]l/t ul/g . of}g Jojf;foLsf] ?kdf lqmofzLn eO/x]s} cj:yfdf k"l0f{dfsf] s]= s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] …gofF hLjgÚ kl/of]hgf;Fu ;Dks{ x'gk'Uof] . gofF hLjg;Fusf] ;Dks{ k5fl8 k"l0f{dfsf] hLjg b[li6 ablnPsf] 5 . pgn] gofF hLjg dfkm{t Joj;flos tflnd klg kfPsL l5g . ca hLjgdf s]xL ug{ ;lsFb}g eGg] pgsf] ;f]rdf Jofks kl/jt{g cfPsf] 5 . cfzf, ljZjf; / e/f];fsf] gh/n] pgL ;+;f/nfO{ x]g{ yfn]sL l5g . :jlge{/ eP/ afFRg ;lsG5 eGg]df k"l0f{df k"/fk'/ ljZj:t l5g . 7 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 20157 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 ;kmntfsf] syf jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 7c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 8. 8 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 8jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 ;d'bfo :t/sf ultljlw d]/f] gfd sdnf lh;L xf] . h'u]gf uflj; j8f g+= % wf/fkfgL c3f{vfFrLdf d]/f] hGd ePsf] xf] . d]/f] afafsf] gfd 6f]kaxfb'/ / cfdfsf] gfd /flwsf xf] . afaf cfdfsf b;f}+ ;Gtfgx?dWo] d ;ftf}+ ;Gtfg x'F . d]/f] afNosfn si6s/ cfly{s cefjdf laTof] . 7"nf] kl/jf/ vfg gk'Ug] v]tjf/L nufotsf ;d:ofx?nfO{ em]Ng xfdLx? cle;Kt lyof}+ . !@÷!# jif{sf] ePkl5 d]nfkft;Fu d]/f] lhGbuL hf]l8of] . d]nfkft ub}{ d}n] h]gt]g !) sIff kf; u/]+ . xfdL ;Dk"0f{ ;Gtfgx?n] /fd|f] lzIff k|fKt ug{ ;s]gf}+ . cem egf}+ ;a}sf] pRr lzIffn] ult k|fKt ug{ ;s]g . lsgls d]nfkft u/]/ xftd'v hf]g'{kg]{ afWotfsf] aLrdf xfdL;Fu Ps t k9g] jftfj/0f lyPg eg] csf]{ d]nfkftaf6 km';{b lgsfNg g} xfdLnfO{ xDd] x'GYof] . d]nfkft hfg] qmddf ufpFsf] Pshgf s]6f;Fu d]/f] lrgfhfg eof] . Toltv]/ d ev{/ !$ jif{sL lyPF . Tof] s]6fn] d]/f] kmf]g gDa/ dfUof] . ;'?df d}n] kmf]g gDa/ lbOg . t/ w]/}k6ssf] e]63f6 kZrft pm vf;} v/fa g/x]sf] lgSof}{n;lxt d}n] p;nfO{ cfkmgf] df]jfOg gDa/ lbPF . pm xKtfdf tLg÷rf/ k6s kmf]g uYof]{ . ToxL aLrdf pm hflu/ vfgsf nflu eg]/ ef/t uof] . ef/t k'u]kl5 klg p;n] dnfO{ kmf]g ;Dks{ u/L g} /xGYof] . ef/taf6 klg p;n] ;Dks{ ul//x]kl5 :jefljs ?kdf pm k|lt d]/f] em'sfj a9b} uof] . p;n] dnfO{ dfof u5{ jf cfkmgf] 7fG5 eGg] ljZjf; ug{ yfn]+ . pm cfkm" ef/tsf] n'lbofgfdf a;]sf] / /fd|f] sdfO ul//x]sf] atfpFYof] . kmf]g ;Dks{s} qmddf p;n] Pslbg ltdL klg ef/t cfpm xfdL ljjfx u/]/ ;Fu} a;f}nf eGg] k|:tfj /fVof] . Ps t cfkm"nfO{ dfof ug]{ dfG5], csf]{tkm{ ef/tdf /fd|f] sdfO{ ul//x]sfn] cfkmgf b'Mvsf lbg hfG5g eGg] ;f]r]/ d ef/t hfg tof/ ePF . …ltdL s[i0fgu/ gfsf s6]/ ef/ttkm{ cfpg', d ltdLnfO{ a9gLdf s'/]/ al;/xG5' .Ú eg]sf] lyof] . d}n] g]kfnlt/ g} cfpg ldNb}g / eGbf p;n] b'O{ hgf x'Fbf k|x/Ln] lsrlsr u5{, PSn} cfpg ;lhnf] x'G5 eg]sf] lyof] . d}n] p;sf] egfO{nfO{ cGoGt} ;fdfGo ?kdf lnPF . / s[i0fgu/ x'Fb} ef/t hfg tof/ ePF . d}n] s[i0fgu/ gfsf kf/ ub}{ubf{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] r]s hfFr e}/x]sf] /x]5 . tkfO{ sxfF hfg nfUg'ePsf] eg]/ pxfFx?n] dnfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . d}n] ;'?df 9fF6 s'/f u/]+ . lsgls dnfO{ p;n] ;fdfg lsGgsf] nflu hfg nfu]sf] atfpg eg]sf] lyof] . d}n] em'6 s'/f af]n]sf] s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/L lbbLn] 7Dofpg' eP5 / dnfO{ s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfof{nodf Nofpg' eof] . d}n] w]/}a]/ em'6f] af]Ng ;lsg / ;fFrf] s'/f atfOlbPF . To;kl5 pxfFx?n] dnfO{ a]rljvgsf ljifodf w]/} s'/f ;Demfpg' eof] . csf{sf] k|nf]egdf k/]/ ljgf hfgsf/L lx8bf ef]Ug'kg]{ ;d:ofsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . dnfO{ p;n] a]Rg} af]nfPsf] xf] eg]/ 7f]s'jf t ug{ ;lSbg . t/, p;sf] ;fFrf] dg lyof] eg] cfkm" ef/ttkm{ a;]/ dnfO{ af]nfpg] lyPg . h] eP klg s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f d 7"nf] hf]lvdaf6 hf]luPsL 5' . ;fFRr} eGg'kbf{ d}n] gofF hLjg kfPsL 5' . k9fO{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbP/ ;Ifd ePkl5 dfq ljjfx ug{] k|0f u/]sL 5' . s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sf/0f hf]luP“ 8 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ r]nL kl/of]hgfåf/f ;/f]sf/jfnf;Fu cGtlqmof sfo{qmd ufpF ufpFdf ;r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd gjnk/f;Lsf] ;lb{df cfof]lht 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f sfo{qmd s}nfnLdf cfof]lht ^ dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{ tflnd ;dfkg sfo{qmd
  • 9. 9c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 ljZjdf dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ dfgjtf lj?4sf] ck/fw tyf cfw'lgs o'usf] bf;tfsf] k|tLssf] ?kdf lng] ul/G5 . g]kfndf klg dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ uDeL/ ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift ul/Psf] 5 / To;} cg'?k sfg"g klg lgdf{0f ul/Psf 5g . t/ klg dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0f jf Go"gLs/0f x'g'sf] ;§f emg km}nbf] cj:yfdf 5 . a? kl5Nnf] ;do dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/sf :j?kx? g} kl/ j{tg x'Fb} uPsf 5g . h;n]ubf{ dfgj j]rlavg Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fdf Jofks ;d:of / r'gf}tLx? a9f]Q/L x'Fb} uPsf 5g . cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&! Dff g]kfn k|x/Lsf] dlxnf OsfO{n] dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ -lgoGq0f_ P]g cGtu{t ! ;o *% j6f of}g tyf >d a]rlavg;DaGwL 36gfx?sf] cg';Gwfg u¥of] . h'g ;ªVofsf] lx;fjn] cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{eGbf $! j6f a9L xf]] . cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷&) df dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ -lgoGq0f_ P]g cGtu{t ! ;o $$ j6f 36gfx?sf] cg';Gwfg ePsf] lyof] . cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&! Dff ;/sf/n] $ ;o %$ hgf lj?4 t:s/Lsf] d'2f bfo/ u¥of] eg] cl3Nnf] cfly{s aif{df of] ;+Vof # ;o &% lyof] . To;}u/L cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷&! Dff cbfntx?n] a]rlavgdf ;+nUg @ ;o # hgfnfO{ bf]ifL 7x/ u¥of], h'g ;+Vof cl3Nnf] cfly{s aif{df ! ;o !( /x]sf] lyof] . g]kfn 5g . ;/sf/L sd{rf/Ln] dfgj a]rlavgsf] ;fF3'/f] kl/efiff k|of]unfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg'sf ;fy} sltko sd{rf/L tyf ;'/Iff lgsfosf dfG5]x? klg ck/fwdf ;+nUg /x]sf] ljleGg 36gfn] b]vfPsf 5g . cem eGg] xf] eg] dfgj a]rlavg;Fu ;DalGwt /fli6«o:t/sf] s'g} vf]h tyf cg';Gwfg g} ag]sf] 5}g . dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^$ tyf ;f]sf] lgodfjnL @)^% n] w]/} k|sf/sf a]rlavgnfO{ lgif]lwt u/]tf klg afWofTds >dsf nflu OR5f ljk/Lt, ha/h:tL ?kdf, hfn;fhLk"0f{ tl/sfn] jf bjfa lbO{ ul/g] 5gf}6, cf];fk;f/, cf>o lbg] jf k|fKt ug]{ sfo{nfO{ ck/fwLs/0f u/]sf] 5}g . ljutdf dfgj a]rlavg l5d]sL b]z ef/tdf of}g tyf >d Jofkf/sf] nfuL a9L x'g] uYof]{ eg] clxn] cfP/ dfgj a]rlavgsf :j?kx?df kl/jt{g ePsf] kfOG5 . h:t}M s]xL ljb]zL bnfnx¿sf] ;+nUgtfdf ljb]zL gful/sx¿;Fu ljjfx u/fO{ lbg] jxfgfdf Dofl/h Ao"/f]sf] wGbf ;~rfng u/L g]kfnL o'jtLx¿nfO{ a]rlavg ug]{ 36gfx¿ klg ;fj{hlgs x'g yfn]sf 5g . Joj;flos of}g, >d tyf cËk|Tof/f]k0f ;d]tsf nflu l5d]sL d'n'sx¿df x'g] u/]sf] a]rlavgsf ;fy} a}b]lzs /f]huf/, cGt/b]zLo ljjfx tyf ;f+:s[lts÷;f+lults sfo{qmdsf gfddf ;d]t of}g tyf >d zf]if0fdf k/L a]rlavgsf] hf]lvddf j[4L x'Fb} uPsf] b]lvG5 . o;sf cltl/Qm cGt/f{li6«o kl/j]zdf a9b} uPsf] ;/f]u];L -ef8fdf aRrf hGdfpg]_ sf] k|efj g]kfndf klg kg{ uO{ bnfnx¿sf] rnv]ndf a]rlavgsf] hf]lvd a9g ;Sg] b]lvG5 . g]kfndf dfgj a]rlavg lbks k|;fb a:ofn sfo{qmd lgb]{zs /fHon] dfgj j]rlavgsf nflu cfkmgf k|of; / k|oTgx?nfO{ ultzLn agfO/xFbf xfdLn] s] e"Ng' x'Fb}g eg] /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfdsf] lgldQ Pp6f :ki6 / b'/bzL{ sfo{of]hgf agfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . x'g t, /fli6«o sfo{of]hgf t ag]sf] 5 t/ sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . k|x/Lsf] cfFs8f x]bf{ k|To]s aif{ d'2f btf{ ;+Vof al9/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L cbfntaf6 klg dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/k;f/;Fu ;DjGwL d'2fx?sf] km};nf tyf bf]ifL s/f/df klg j[4L eO/x]sf] 5 . ck/fwsf] j[4L;Fu} ;/sf/n] dfgj a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf nflu cfkmgf k|of;x? klg a9fPsf] b]lvG5 . cGt/dGqfno :t/Lo dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f /fli6«o ;ldlt nufot lhNnf tyf ;d'bfo :t/df klg ;ldltx? u7g eO/x]sf 5g . dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f tyf /f]syfdsf] lgldQ ;/sf/n] ah]6 klg a9fPsf] kfOG5 . ;/sf/nfO{ ;3fpg ljleGg /fli6«o tyf cGt{/fli6«o ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] klg ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g . olt x'bfFx"b} klg dfgj a]rljvg al9/x]sf] b]lvG5 . ljleGg If]qaf6 ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] dfgj j]rlavgsf] lj?4df cfkmgf cleofgx?nfO{ tLa|tf lbFbflbFb} dfgja]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/df lsg j[4L eO/sf] 5 < of] ljifodf ;/f]sf/jfnfx? uDeL/ aGg}k5{ . /fHon] dfgj j]rlavgsf nflu cfkmgf k|of; / k|oTgx?nfO{ ultzLn agfO/xFbf xfdLn] s] e"Ng' x'Fb}g eg] /fHon] dfgj a]rlavg /f]syfdsf] lgldQ Pp6f :ki6 / b'/bzL{ sfo{of]hgf agfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . x'g t, /fli6«o sfo{of]hgf t ag]sf] 5 t/ sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;/sf/sf] kLl8t klxrfg / ;+/If0f ug]{ k|of; ckof{Kt /x]sf] 5 . b]zdf ;fIfL tyf kLl8t ;+/If0f ;DaGwL 5'§} sfg'gg} 5}g h;n] ubf{ kLl8tn] d'2f bfo/ ug{ g;Sg', ;+/If0fsf] cefjdf cbfntdf pkl:yt x'g g;Sg' cyjf grfxg' / pkl:yt eOxfn]df klg aofg km]g'{ nufotsf ;d:ofx? æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 10. 10 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 dflg; s;/L a]rlavgsf] rk]6fdf k5{ < o;sf w]/} pQ/x? x'g ;S5g . clzIff, /fd|f] hLjg afFRg] nfn;f, /fHo ;+oGqsf nfk/jfxL, cflb cflb . s] dflg; cfkm}F a]lrg rfxG5 < s] Pp6L dlxnf of}g Joj;foLsf] ?kdf lqmofzLn x'g' p;sf] /f]hfO{ xf] < lo ljifox?df cfjZostf cg';f/sf] jx; x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . Pp6L b'/b/fhsL r]nL ef/tLo jhf/df of}gbf;Lsf] ?kdf a]lrg] cj:yf lgdf{0f x'g'sf] k5fl8sf] d'Vo sf/0f g} /f]hL /f]6Lsf] ;d:of xf] . cfly{s?kdf ljkGg x'g' gk/]sf] eP s'g} klg r]nL jf p;sf] kl/jf/ s;}sf] ljZjf;df kg'{ kg{] lyPg . s;}sf] cfZjf;g jf nfnrf;Fu cfzfjfbL aGg' kg{] lyPg . x'g t k9]sf / cfly{s?kdf dWod ju{sf r]nLx? ;d]t a]rlavgdf k/]sf 5g . t/, o:tf ju{sf r]nLx? lgs} yf]/} ;ªVofdf dfq a]lrPsf 5g . a]lrg] clwsf;+ r]nLx?sf] k5fl8 8/nfUbf] cefj, ul/jL pQm cefj / ul/jLn] lgDTofPsf] 3/]n' lx+;f lhDd]jf/ 5 . Dffgj a]rlavgsf] Go"gLs/0fsf] ;jfndf clxn];Dd ePsf k|of;x?n] pNn]Vo pknAwL xfl;n ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . dfgj a]rlavgsf nflu ;of}+}+ u}/ ;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx? lqmofzLn 5g . ;d'bfo:t/af6 klg ljleGg k|of;x? eO/x]sf 5g, /fHon] klg dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ lgoGq0f / Go"gLs/0fnfO{ ljz]if k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] b]lvG5 t}klg dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . st} xfdLn] u/]sf elgPsf sfo{ jf cleofgx? g} ;d:ofsf] jf:tljs klxrfg;Dd g} k'u]gg ls < jf xfdLn] u/]sf sfo{x? d} s]xL q'6L 5g ls < ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sfjfnfx?n] uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'k5{ . kl/of]hgf -;fd'bflos :jf:Yo, lzIff, r]tgf / hLljsf]kfh{g ;'wf/_ ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . h;df a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf nflu k"j{ ;fjwfgL cGtu{t ljleGg ;r]tgf tyf cfly{s Ifdtf clej[4Lsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g . kl/of]hgf dfkm{t a]rlavg k|efljt tyf hf]vLddf /x]sf ;d'bfosf ;b:ox?nfO{ ;u+l7t ub}{ / ljljw hgr]tgfd'ns sfo{qmddfkm{t ug{] sfo{ ul/Psf] 5 . ;d'bfos} ;b:ox?sf] :jfldTj, gLlt tyf g]t[Tj / Joj:yfkgdf :jlge{/ Pj+ ;Ifd ;xsf/L ;+:yf lgdf{0f ub{} lapFm k"FhL kl/rfng u/]/ pBdlzntf ljsf;sf ;fy} :j/f]huf/L l;h{gf ug'{ kl/of]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo xf] . h;dfkm{t lx+;f, e]befj /lxt / dfgj a]rlavgd'Qm ;d[4 ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f nIo /flvPsf] 5 . xfn r]nL kl/of]hgf klZrd t/fO{sf slknj:t', ?kGb]xL, gjnk/f;L / lrtjg lhNnfdf sfof{Gjog eO/x]sf] 5 . ;'?jftsf] cj:yfdf k|To]s lhNnfdf ! uf=lj=; ÷g=kf nfO{ sfo{If]q to u/L ;'? ul/Psf] kl/of]hgf cGtu{t xfn;Dd $* ;+ul7t ;d"xx?df ! xhf/ $ ;o %$ dlxnf ;b:ox? cfj4 eO;s]sf 5g . lgoldt?kdf dfgj a]rlavg, kfl/jfl/s :jf:Yo, ljQLo ;fIf/tf, pBdlzntf ljsf;, n}lËs lx+;f / laBdfg sfg'gL k|fjwfgh:tf ljifoj:t'x?df ;r]lts/0fsf sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf clej[l4sf] nflu g]t[Tj, ljQLo ;fIf/tf, art tyf C0f kl/rfng nufotsf tflndx? k|bfg ul/;lsPsf] 5 . xfn ;d"xsf ;b:ox? lgoldt ?kdf e]63f6 ÷a}7s, lgoldt art lapF k"FhL ;s+ng / ;fgf Joj;fox?df nufgL u/L cfo cfh{gtkm{ pGd"v 5g . l;k ljsf; cGtu{t gjnk/f;Lsf] a]lgdl0fk'/ / lrtjgsf] kbdk'/df $& hgf ;b:ox?n] # dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{ tflnd lnb}+ 5g . To:t} ;xsf/L btf{ k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOPsf] 5 . lrtjgdf r]nL ;xsf/L btf{ eO;s]sf] 5 eg] cGo lhNnfx?df btf{sf] k|lqmofdf 5g . ljz]ifu/L dlxnf / lszf]/Lx?nfO{ nlIft u/L ;~rfng ul/Psf] r]nL kl/of]hgf dfkm{t ;r]lts/0f;Fu;Fu} cfly{s ;'/Iffsf] sfo{n] ult lnPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ yk lj:tf/ ug{] nIo cg'?k cGo lhNnfdf klg ;~rfngdf NofOg] tof/L s]= cfO{ g]kfnn] ul//x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf] k|of;M r]nL kl/of]hgf 8]ngfy ;fksf]6f kl/of]hgf ;+of]hs -r]nL_ ljz]ifu/L dlxnf / lszf]/Lx?nfO{ nlIft u/L ;~rfng ul/Psf] r]nL kl/of]hgf dfkm{t ;r]lts/0f;Fu;Fu} cfly{s ;'/Iffsf] sfo{n] ult lnPsf] 5 . /f]u nfu]kl5 pkrf/ ug{] ls < /f]u nfUg g} glbg] < r]nLa]6L a]rljvgsf lu/f]xx? lj?4 xfdLx? s]lGb|t x'g] ls < jf Pp6L r]nL a]lrg afWo x'g] sf/0fx?nfO{ g} ;dfKt kfg{] < ha;Dd of] ljoifdf xfdLn] ulDe/tfk"j{s jx; / pQm jx;n] lgwf{/0f u/]sf ;dfwfgsf pkfox? cjnDjg ub{}gf}+ ta;Dd ;d:of hxfFsf] txLF /xg] 5 . ;jfn /f]u nfu]kl5 pkrf/sf] xf]Og, /f]uL aGg] cj:yf g} gcfpg] /f]syfdsf pkfox?sf] xf] . xfdLn] Pp6f la?jfnfO{ dhj't agfpg' 5 eg] To;sf] kft jf xfFufdf kfgL xfn]/ cy{ 5}g . h/fdf g} xfNg' k5{ . dlxnf a]rlavg;Fu lqmofzLn eO/xFbf xfdLx?n] st} kftdf t kfgL xfln/x]sf 5}gf} <, ;ldIff ug{] a]nf cfPsf] 5 . r]nLx? ef/t jf t];|f] ljZjsf d'n'sx?df a]rlavg x'g'sf] k5fl8 cfly{s sf/0f g} k|d'v lhDd]jf/ 5 . cfly{s kIf;Fu g} hf]l8Psf] clzIff, hgr]tgfsf] cefj, ;'vL hLjgsf] vf]h / a]/f]huf/L ;xfos sf/0fx? x'g . ablnFbf] ;don] k};f g} ;a}yf]s xf] eGg] dfgs lgdf{0f ul//x]sf] 5 . k};fsf nflu dflg; h] klg ug{ tof/ ePsf] b[i6fGt xfdL ;j}n] b]Vb} / ef]Ub} cfPsf 5f}+ . a]rlavgsf] ;Gbe{df klg k|]dLn] k]|ldsfnfO{ d'DjO{sf] sf]7Ldf k'¥ofPsf], afa'n] 5f]/L a]r]sf], >Ldfgn] >LdtLnfO{ of}g Joj;fodf nfUg afWo agfPsf ;of}+ 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g . cflv/ o:tf csNkgLo 36gfsf k5fl8 klg cfly{s kIf g} k|d'v sf/0f 5 jf k};f g} ;j}yf]s eGg] dfgl;stf lhDd]jf/ 5 . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df lkt[;QfTds ;f]r Pj+ ;+:sf/n] l;h{gf u/fPsf] n}lËs lje]b / lx+;f, ;fdflhs tyf ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fn] lgDTofPsf] dfGotf klg a]rlavgsf] sf/0f alg/x]sf] 5 . lkt[;tfTds ;dfhsf sf/0f lgDtg] lx+;f jf a]rlavgsf k5fl8 klg cfly{s sf/0f lhDd]jf/ 5 . olb Pp6L gf/L cfly{s?kdf :jfenDjL aGg] xf] eg] p;n] 3/]n' jf ;fdflhs lx+;fsf] TotL ;fdgf ug'{ kb{}g . k'?if;Fusf] cfly{s lge{/tfn] g} pm lx+;fsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo 5] . t;y{ cfly{s If]qdf dlxnfx?nfO{ :jlge{/ agfpg ;lsof] eg] dlxnf a]rlavg Go"gLs/0fsf pNn]Vo ;kmntf xfl;n ug{ ;lsG5 . s]=cfO{=g]kfnn] cfly{s kIf;Fu hf]l8P/ x'g] r]nLa]6L a]rlavgnfO{ dWogh/ ub{} r]nL æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 11. 11c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 /flwsf lu/L lhNnf ;+of]hs -afFs], g]kfnu~h_ ;f]r]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg, ;Dem]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg h:tf] ef]Uof] To:t} x'G5, b]v]h:tf] x'Gg hLjg . tf/fb]jLsf] :j/df ;lhPsf] of] uLt clwsf+zsf] hLjgdf d]n vfg ;S5 . lsgls lhGbuL ;f]r] / ;lDemPh:tf] x'Fb}g . cyf{t xfdLn] sNkgf ug]{ lhGbuL / xfdLn] ef]u]sf] lhGbuLdf w]/} km/flsnf] b'/L x'G5 . t/ klg dflg; sd{zLn k|f0fL xf] . cyf{t sxLF g sxLF xfdLn] cg'dfg u/]h:tf] hLjg xfd|f] sd{n] lgwf{/0f u5{ . t/, sltkosf] lhGbuL eg] cfkm"n] cfkmgf] ;f]rfO{eGbf lgs} s7f]/ si6s/ aGg k'U5 . wflbª lhNnfdf @)$% ;fndf hlGdPsL l:y/ -gfd kl/jt{g_ sf] lhGbuL gt pgn] /f]h]sf] h:tf] eof], gt pgsf] kl/jf/n] ;f]r]sf] h:tf] eof] . 5f]/L x'g's} sf/0f cfkm"nfO{ ;Demg'kg]{ IfL0f, lxg / :jtGqtf u'dfPsf] cj:yfdf afFRg'kg]{ afWotfaf6 l:y/ -gfd kl/jt{g_ klg d'Qm x'g'kg]{ s'g} sf/0f lyPg . cfdfn] jf kl/jf/n] l;sfPsf] gf/L ;'ne ;f]rfO{ / sd{df g} pgsf] b}lgsrof{ laTbYof] . afnfkgaf6 l:y/ ev{/ lszf]/fj:yftkm{ kfOnf rfNb} lyOg . cyf{t l:y/ ev{/ !# jif{sL nfu]sL lyOg, ToxL ;dodf cfkmg} ufpF l5d]sLsf] lu4] b[li6 pgLdfly k¥of] . ev{/ of}jgtkm{ cu|;/ x'Fb} u/]sL sf]lknf l5d]sLaf6 g} lgdf]7Lg afWo eOg . df}g a;]/ l:y/sf] kl/jf/n] cfF;'sf] 3'8sf] lkO/x]sf] lyof] . aflx/ ufpF l5d]sdf yfxf kfP 5f]/Lsf] OHhtdf clgi6 lgDtG5 eGg] clek|fon] kl/jf/n] 36gfnfO{ ;s];Dd u'kr'kd} /fv]sf] lyof] . t/, /fd|f] jf ;'v n'sfP/ kf] n'sfpg ;lsG5 . b'Mv jf si6 lsg n'SYof] . l:y/dflysf] ck/fw Pssfg b'O{sfg x'Fb} ufpFdf ;fj{hlgs x'g k'Uof] . ;dfhn] ck/fwLnfO{ bl08t ug{tkm{ kfOnf rnfpg'sf] ;f6f] l:y/ / l:y/sf] kl/jfnfO{ pN6} kL8f lbg] sfd u¥of] . cem egf}+ l:y/sf] rl/qnfO{ dhfs agfOof] . l:y/sf] kl/jf/nfO{ ca 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx ug{ s7Lg x'G5 eGg] kL8f nfUg' c:jfefljs lyPg . oxLaLrdf l:y/eGbf lgs} kfsf] pd]/sf] JolQm;Fu l:y/sf] ljjfxsf] k|:tfj cfof] . lgs} g} pd]/sf] cGt/ ePsf] JolQm;Fu 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx ul/lbg kl/jf/ dGh'/ t lyPg, t/ cGt ljjfx ug{ s7Lg x'G5 eGg] 8/ klg plQs} lyof] . ljjfxsf] s'/f lnP/ cfpg]n] …ltd|f] 5f]/Lsf] ljjfx st} x'Fb}g, s]6f]sf] pd]/ kfsf] ePklg ltd|f] 5f]/LnfO{ /fd|f]u/L kfNg ;Sg] bnfnsf] r+u'naf6 t l:y/ aRg ;kmn eOg . t/ ca l:y/ sxfF hfg] < l:y/sf b'O{ 5f]/fx?sf] eljio s] x'g] eGg] ;jfn dxTjk"0f{ lyof] . l:y/sf] hLjgdf cfPsf] e"sDk ;DklQ 5Ú eg]kl5 l:y/sf] kl/jf/n] pgLeGbf t]Aa/ pd]/sf] s]6f;Fu ljjfx ul/lbof] . lg/k/fw l:y/ ;dfhsf] gh/df ck/flws aGg k'lug . nf]Ug]sf] s'6fO{, kl/jf/sf] ckdfg / ljutdf anfTs[t ePsf] 36gfnfO{ af/af/ nf]Ug]sf] kl/jf/n] …O:o'Ú agfO/xFbf pgsf] hLjg emg gf/sLo aGg k'Uof] . 5f]/Lsf] si6nfO{ cfdfn] ;xg ;lsgg / l:y/ dfOtL cfOg . dfOtL a:g] qmdd} pgn] Pp6f xf]6]ndf sfd ug{ ;'? ul/g . xf]6]ndf ;Fu} sfd ug]{ Pshgf lbbL hf] l:y/sf] ctLtaf6 k"0f{ kl/lrt lyOg, pgn] Pshgf JolQm;Fu ljjfxsf] k|:tfj NofOg . klxn]sf] >LdtLsf] d[To' ePsf] / sf7df8f}+df 3/ ePsf] elgPsf] pQm JolQm;Fu ltg} lbbLsf] ljZjf;df k/]/ l:y/n] ljjfx ul/g . t/, x/]srf]6L p7g vf]Hbf vf]Hb} yrfl/Psf] l:y/sf] lhGbuL of] ljjfxdf klg pFef] nfUg ;s]g . >LdtLsf] d[To'sf] sf/0f csf]{ ljjfx u/]sf] elgPsf] >Ldfgsf yk b'O{j6L >LdtL /x]5g . of] oyfy{ yfxf kfP/ klg l:y/n] cfkmgf] kl/l:ylt;Fu ;Demf}tf ul/g . l:y/sf b'O{j6f 5f]/fx? hlGdP . t/ nf]Ug]n] cfjZos lhDd]jf/L axg u/]gg . h;sf] sf/0f 5f]/fx? kfNgsf nflu g} ePklg l:y/ Pp6f ufd]{G6df sfd ug{ yflng . ufd]{G6sf] sdfO{n] cfkm" / 5f]/fx?sf] hLjgrof{ wfGg sl7g ePkl5 l:y/ Pp6f dfj{n pBf]udf >d a]Rg k'lug . nf]Ug]n] l:y/nfO{ ljleGg nfG5gf nufpg] ul//xGYof] . nf]Ug] / l:y/sf] ;DaGwsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L kfPsf] dfj{n ;fx'n] Pslbg l:y/nfO{ ltdL 5f]/f lnP/ cnUu} a; eGof] . nf]Ug];Fusf] ;DaGwsf] tgfjdf clNem/x]sL l:y/nfO{ ;fGTjgf / ;xof]u ug]{ cfZjf;g lb+b} ;fx' lgs} glhsx'gyfNof].;fx'n]Pslbgef/tsf]sflZd/ k'¥ofOlbg] / /fd|f] /f]huf/L nufOlbg] k|:tfj Nofof] . ;'?df t l:y/n] of] k|:tfjnfO{ :jLsf/ ul/gg t/ ToxL aLrdf @)&@ ;fn j}zfv !@ ut] ljgfzsf/L e"sDk cfof] . e"sDksf sf/0f cfkm" a:b} cfPsf] sf]7f;d]t a:g gx'g]u/L elTsof] . e"sDkn] lgDTofPsf] qf;bLsf] aLrdf l:y/sf] hLjgdf yk csf]{ e"sDk cfof] . pgsf] >Ldfgn] csL{ s]6L lnP/ lxF8]sf] eGg] ;dfrf/ pgn] ;'lgg . a:g cToGt} c;xh / si6;fWo eO/x]sf] cj:yfdf >Ldfgsf] ;d]t e/f];f u'd]kl5 pgL ;fx"sf x/]s egfO{ / Jojxf/ kTofpg afWo x'Fb} uOg . ;fx's} ljZjf;df nfu]/ pgL b'O{6f 5f]/fx? sfvL Rofk]/ ef/tsf] sflZd/ lxFl8g . olt;DdsL pgnfO{ sflZd/ sxfF k5{ eGg] ;d]t yfxf lyPg . jL/u~hl:yt /S;f}n gfsfaf6 ;fx'n] ef/t n}hfg] tof/L u/]sf] /x]5 . ;f]xL cg'?k jL/u~h k'u]kl5 ;fx'n] …d]/f] Psl5g sfd k¥of], ltdLx? ;Ldf kf/L uP/ a;, olb s;}n] ;f]Wof] eg] lbbLsf]df hfg nfu]sf] eg]/ eGg' . aRrf b]v]kl5 pgLx?n] 5fl8lbG5gÚ eg]/ l;sfof] . ;fx'n] l;sfP cg';f/ g} pgL b'O{6f 5f]/f lnP/ ;Ldfkf/ ub}{ lyOg ;f]xL qmddf s]=cfO{=g]kfnsf] ;Ldf lgu/fgL ul//x]sf sd{rf/Lx?n] pgnfO{ ;Ldfkf/L hfg'sf] sf/0faf/] ;f]w] . ;'?df t l:y/n] ;fx'n] l;sfP cg';f/ g} atfOg . t/ 9fF6]sf] s'/f s;/L k'UYof] / . l;df lgu/fgLdf vl6Psf sd{rf/Lx?n] k|Zgdfly k|Zg ug{ yfn]kl5 pgn] ;fFrf] s'/f atfOg . ttkZrft s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf sd{rf/Lx?n] a]Rg nfg nfu]sf] x'g;Sg] atfpFbf ;'?df t l:y/n] kTofOgg . t/, ;Ldfdf cfP/ ;fx' efUg'sf] sf/0faf/] atfPkl5 l:y/ em;Ë eOg . 36gfnfO{ :ki6?kdf klxNofO;s]kl5 k|x/Lsf] ;xof]udf cToGt} gf6sLo ?kdf l:y/nfO{ a]Rg nfg] ;fx" cyf{t bnfnnfO{ kqmfp ul/of] . bnfnsf]r+u'naf6tl:y/aRg;kmneOg. t/ ca l:y/ sxfF hfg] < l:y/sf b'O{ 5f]/fx?sf] eljio s] x'g] eGg] ;jfn dxTjk"0f{ lyof] . l:y/ af/Daf/ ;fx' / pgsf] >Ldfg b'j}tkm{af6 cfkm"nfO{ vt/f /x]sf] atfO/xlGyg . >Ldfg klg cfk/flws dgf]j[lQsf] x'g;Sg] l:y/n] ef]u]sf] si6af6 g} k|dfl0ft x'GYof] . l:y/sf] egfO{df pgnfO{ >Ldfgn] s;}u/] klg ckgfpFb}gYof] . t/ klg b'O{ gfjfns 5f]/fx?sf] l:y/sf] >Ldfg;Fu s'/f ug'{kg]{ lgSof}{n lgsfnL s]=cfO{= g]kfnn] l:y/sf] >Ldfg;Fu ;Dks{ u¥of] . ;+:yf;Fusf] nfdf] ;+jfb / 5nkmnkl5 l:y/sf] >Ldfg b'O{ 5f]/fx?nfO{ cfkm";Fu n}hfg tof/ eof] . t/, >LdtLsf] s'g}klg ;/f]sf/ gug]{ atfof] . ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 …oL ;Dk"0f{ 36gf x'g'sf] k5fl8 ltd|} sf/0f a9L 5 . olb kl/jf/sf] bfloTj lgjf{x u/]sf] eP o:tf] 36gf x'Fb}gYof]Ú eg]/ lhls/ u/]kl5 l:y/sf] >Ldfg l:y/nfO{ klg nfg /fhL eof] . t/ klg dg kmfl6;s]kl5 sfg"g / bafan] hf]8]/ dfq ;Dej x'Fb}g . olta]nf l:y/ / l:y/sf] >Ldfg Pp6} 5fgfd'lg 5g . t/ ;DaGwdf tfhuL 5}g . Jojxf/df cfkmgf]kg 5}g . l:y/n] s]=cfO{= g]kfns} ;xof]udf ^ dlxg] l;nfO{ s6fO{ tfnLd lnO/x]sL l5g . ca l5§} Pp6f ;fgf] l;nfO k;n ;~rfng u/]/ ;xh / ;Ddflgt hLjg lhpg] ;kgf l:y/n] b]Vg yfn]sL l5g . h]xf]; dfgj a]rlavgsf] r+u'ndf km;L ;s]/ klg l:y/ l:y/sf b'O{ gfafns 5f]/fx?n] k|fKt u/]sf] k"ghL{jg Ps dxTjk"0f{ pknAwL xf] . o:tf pknAwLx? c? ;of}+ xhf/f}+ r]nLsf] lhGbuLdf Nofpg ;lsof] eg] ;fFRr} cy{k"0f{ x'g]5 . æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 12. 12 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 elgG5 rf]/sf ;of}+ bfp x'G5g . cyf{t rf]/sf] Pp6f af6f] /f]lsof] eg] p;n] csf{] af6f] klxNofO{ xfN5 . rf]/Lsf] Pp6f k2lt jf ;+hfnnfO{ lgoGq0f ul/of] eg] rf]/x?n] csf{] tl/sf t'?Gt} agfp5g . g]kfnL ;dfhdf k|rlnt rf]/sf ;of}+ bfp eGg] pvfg, x/]s k|sf/sf ck/fw sfo{ jf ck/fwLdf nfu' x'G5 . xftxltof/sf] cf];f/ k;f/;Fu ;DjlGwt ck/fw xf]; jf nfu' cf}ifwsf] sf/f]jf/ xf];, lo ;j}df …rf]/sf] ;of}+ bfpÚn] sfd ul//x]sf] x'G5 . dfgj j]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] ;d:of klg oxL …rf]/sf] ;of}+ bfpÚdf k/]/ lbgfg' lbg ljs/fn eO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0f ug{ kl5Nnf bzsx?df /fHo tyf ljleGg ;+3;+:yf / ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] cys k|oTg ul//x]sf 5g . Ps If]q ljz]if x'g] a]rlavgnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{] tx;Dd k'¥ofpFbf gk'¥ofpFb} csf{] If]q / z}nLsf] dfgj j]rlavg z'? eOxfN5 . lgoGq0fsf] k|of;;Fu;Fu} emg dfga a]rlavg lgoGq0fdf a9bf] r'gf}tL ===== ;ldIff a}+7ssf s]xL emnsx¿ s];/ ljZjsdf{ lhNnf ;+of]hs -slknj:t', s[i0fgu/_ emg 7"nf cfk/fwL / ;+fu7lgs a]rlavgx? eO/x]sf] ljleGg 36gf, cg';Gwfgn] b]vfO/x]sf 5g . ljutdf ef/tLo ;x/x?df x'g] r]lnj]6L a]rlavgnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd Go"gLs/0f ug{ ;lsPsf] 5 . t/, cGo d'n'sx?df g]kfnL r]nLx? aGws ag]sf], lx+;fdf k/]sf], of}g b"Jo{jxf/sf] lzsf/ ePsf] h:tf ;dfrf/x? ;~rf/dfWod cfO/x]sf 5g . km]l/Fbf] a]rlavg ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf nflu uDeL/ r'gf}tL alg/x]sf] 5 . xf] xfd|f] ;dfhdf ul/jL, cefj / clzIff 5 . PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLsf] jt{dfg o'udf klg g]kfnL ;dfh lgs} k5f}6] g} 5 . /f]huf/Lsf] kx'Fr cToGt Go"g 5 . h;sf sf/0f klg dfgj a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ k;f/sf] ;d:ofn] ltj|tf xfl;n ul//x]sf] 5 . t/, o;sf] ;Fu;Fu} ;dfhdf df}nfpFb} uPsf] b]vfl;vLsf] efjgf / pkef]ujfbL ;+:sf/sf sf/0f klg dfgj a]rlavgn] pe{/ e"dL k|fKt ul//x]sf] 5 . Go"gtd hLjg lgjf{xsf] cfwf/ x'Fbfx'Fb} klg jf ;fdfGotM hLjgrof{ ;xh g} /xFbf/xFb} klg dL7f] vfg], /fd|f] nufpg] jf ljnf;L hLjg ljtfpg] dxTjsf+Iffsf sf/0fn] klg dfgj a]rlavg Go"gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0fdf ;d:of eO/x]sf] 5 . ljnf;L hLjg egf}+ jf ;xh} ;'vLM hLjg hLpg] rfxgftkm{ clek|]l/t eO/x]sf o'jf k':tfnfO{ e8sfP/ dfgj a]rlavgnfO{ ;xh agfpg] cfk/flws lu/f]xx? ;dfhdf ;lqmo 5 . w]/} k};f sdfO{ x'g] hflu/ nufO{ lbg], ;lhn} lab]z k7fOlbg] nufotsf ;kgfx? afF8]/ dfg a]rlavgsf bnfnx?n] g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ a]rlavgsf] kmGbfdf kfl//x]sf 5g . o:tf bnfnx?af6 afnafnlnsf, lszf]/L / o'jtLx? b]z leq jf aflx/ a]rlavgsf] l;sf/ eO/x]sf 5g . ef/tLo ahf/df x'Fb} cfPsf] r]nLa]6L a]rlavgdf s]xL Go"gLs/0f b]lvP klg lgoGq0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . a? ef/tLo ahf/df x'g] a]rlavgsf] :j?k / rl/qdf lgs} km]/abn cfPsf] 5 . ef/t n}hfg yflnPsf r]nLx?;Fu l;df gfsfdf bnfnx? ;Fu} gx'g] . r]nLx?nfO{ PSn} l;df gfsf kf/ ug{ nufP/ bnfnx? cl3 jf kl5 ;Ldf gfsf kf/ ug{] h:tf sf/0fx?n]ubf{ bnfnx?nfO{ kqmg lgs} d'l:sn x'G5 . z+sf nfu]/ r]nLx?nfO{ ;f]wk'5 ubf{ r]nLx?n] ;'?df ;To s'/f geGg], lgs} a]/sf] ;f]wk'5 kZrft dfq ;TotYo aflx/ cfpFbf bnfn eflu;Sg] h:tf sf/0fx?n] a]rlavg lgoGq0f emg} r'gf}tLk"0f{ alg/x]sf] 5 . sltko cj:yfdf t slt;Dd b]lvPsf] 5 eg] dfgj a]rlavgsf t:s/x?nfO{ ;DjlGwt r]nLx?sf] kl/jf/af6 g} ;+/If0f x'g] u/]sf] 5 . csf{]tkm{ ef/t;Fu k|d'v gfsf;Fu;Fu} w]/} ;fgf / rf]/L gfsfx? x'g'n] klg r]nLa]6L a]rlavg lgoGq0fsf nflu yflnPsf k|of;x?n] cfjZostf cg';f/sf] ;kmntf kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg . ljz]ifu/L /f]huf/L nufOlbg] cfZj;fg, cleefjsnfO{ g} bnfnn] ljZjf;df lng] cj:yf, / gft]bf/ k|ltsf] clt ljZjf; h:tf sf/0fx?n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg yk r'gf}tLk"0f{ aGb} uPsf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L /f]huf/L nufOlbg] cfZj;fg, cleefjsnfO{ g} bnfnn] ljZjf;df lng] cj:yf, / gft]bf/ k|ltsf] clt ljZjf; h:tf sf/0fx?n] r]nLa]6L a]rlavg yk r'gf}tLk"0f{ aGb} uPsf] 5 . jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 13. 13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / dlxnf lx+;fsf] cGToÆ dfgj a]rljvg l;+uf] ljZjsf nflu g} uDeL/ ;d:of alg/x]sf] 5 . ;+;f/sf x/]s b]z s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] dfgj cf];f/ k;f/ tyf a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo eO/x]sf 5g . g]kfndf ul/jL, clzIff, ;fdflhs lje]b, n}+lus lx+;fsf sf/0f dlxnfx? a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ aGg afWo 5g eg] csf]{tkm{ afWofTds >dsf nflu ef/tnufot vf8L d'n's / blIf0f clk|msL /fi6«x?df ;d]t g]kfnL dlxnfx? k'Ug yfn]sf 5g . o;/L dlxnfx? k'Ug'sf k5fl8 d"t{ jf cd"t{ ?kdf dfgj cf];f/k;f/ jf a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt kIf k|uf9 5 . o;/L ljb]z k'¥ofOg] dlxnfx?nfO{ 3/]n' sfd, lgdf{0f sfo{ / dgf]/~hgsf] If]qdf cfj4 u/fOG5 . g]kfnh:t} Pl;ofsf cNkljsl;t d'n'sx?sf dlxnfx?n] /f]huf/Lsf gfddf a]rljvgsf] lzsf/ alg/xg' k/]sf] 5 . b]zleq ;~rflnt d;fh s]Gb|, 8fG;jf/ / /]i6'/]G6x?df klg dlxnf a]rljvg x'Fb} cfPsf 5g . t/, cfGtl/s a]rljvgsf ;jfnnfO{ cem} klg ax;df Nofpg ;lsPsf] 5}g . ef/t;Fusf] g]kfnsf] v'Nnf l;dfgf, j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ltkm{ g]kfnL ;dfhdf b]lvPsf] afWotf jf cfsif{0fh:tf sf/0fx?n] dlxnf a]rljvgdf tLj|tf cfO/x]sf 5g . ljz]ifu/L vf8L d'n'sdf dlxnfnfO{ k7fpg] sltko ;~hfnx?n] t g]kfnsf] ljdfg:yn ;d]t k|of]u gug]{ u/]sf] kfOG5 . csf]{tkm{ sltko d]gkfj/ sDkgLx?n] gSsnL sfuhft ;d]t agfP/ dlxnfx?nfO{ ljb]z k7fpg] ub{5g . o:tf sd{x?sf] k5fl8 a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ;jfn g} d'Vo x'G5 . ljutdf xfd|f] ;dfhn] em]n]sf] åGåsf] sf/0f klg dlxnf a]rljvgsf] 36gfnfO{ ;xof]u k'lu/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ sltko tYof+sx?n] d'Qm sd}ofx?sf plrt Joj:yfkg gx'Fbf cfGtl/s jf afXo a]rljvgnfO{ ;xof]u k'u]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . oL / o:tf ;d:ofx?nfO{ ;dfwfg ug{ ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? Psh'6 x'g'k5{ . a]rljvg / lx+;fsf sf/0fx? M ul/jL, a]/f]huf/L, k"/ftg ;f+:s[lts dfGotf, c;'/lIft a;fO{;/fO{, /fhgLlts cl:y/tf, cfGtl/s åGå, k|fs[lts k|sf]k, pkef]ujfbL hLjgz}nLsf] vf]h, hftLo e]befj, kfl/jfl/s tyf ;fdflhs dlxnf lx+;fnufot g} g]kfndf dlxnf a]rljvg / lx+;fsf sf/0fx? x'g . /fHon] ;a} k|sf/sf dfgj a]rljvg / cf];f/k;f/ lgoGq0f P]g @)^% nfu" ul/;s]sf] 5 . t/klg P]gnfO{ k|efjsf/L ?kdf nfu" ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g . csf]{tkm{ :yfgLo:t/df dfgj a]rljvg lj?4 ;+ul7t ultljlwx?nfO{ /fHon] cufl8 a9fpg ;s]sf] 5}g . pbfx/0fsf nflu dfgj a]rljvg lj?4 ;DalGwt dlxnf ;~hfn jf r]nL ;d"xx? :yfgLo :t/df lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsof] eg] dfq} klg dlxnf a]rljvg tyf cf];f/ k;f/ lgoGq0fdf ;xof]u k'U5 . csf]{tkm{ sltko a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ck/fwLx?n] /fhg}lts jf cGovfnsf] ;+/If0f k|fKt ug'{, tL; jif{eGbf sd pd]/sf dlxnfx?nfO{ vf8L d'n'sdf sfd ug{ nufOPsf] k|ltjGw km's'jf ug'{nufotsf sf/0fx?n] klg dlxnf a]rljvg lgoGq0fdf ;d:of eO/x]sf] 5 . ;g @))* b]lv ;g @)!@÷!# sf] tYof+snfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg dlxnf lx+;f ;DaGwL tYof+sdf a9f]Q/L eO/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L ljleGg u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] ;g @))( b]lv @)!# ;Dd dlxnf a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ljifodf u/]sf] cWoogn] klg eofjx cj:yf b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . ;g @))( / !) df dlxnf a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt # xhf/ ! ;o ^$ j6f 36gf ePsf lyP eg] ;g @)!@ / !# df !@ xhf/ & ;o o:tf 36gfx? 36g k'u] . To;}u/L ;g @)!# df o;sf] ;+Vof a9]/ !# xhf/ k'lu;s]sf] 5 . /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cfof]un] lbPsf] tYof+snfO{ x]bf{ klg dlxnf cf];f/k;f/ tyf a]rljvgsf] 36gf cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf kl5Nnf] jif{ ^) k|ltztsf] b/n] al9/x]sf] 5 . ljZj dfgj a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt tYof+snfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg g]kfn pRr hf]lvddf 5 . ljZjdf b'O{ nfv %) xhf/b]lv b'O{ nfv &) xhf/;Dd dfgj a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt 36gfx? x'g] u/]sf 5g . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df x]g]{ xf] eg] sltko a]rljvgsf] 36gf k|x/L ;dIf gk'Ug] u/]sf] atfOG5 . ;g @)!#÷!$ df g]kfn k|x/Lsf] dlxnf OsfO{df dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/ k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt %$$ j6f 36gf btf{ ePsf]df !!( hgf bf]ifL 7x/ ePsf lyP . dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0fsf r'gf}tLx?M g]kfndf dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0f tyf Go'gLs/0fsf] d'Vo r'gf}tL eg]s} ef/t;Fusf] v'Nnf l;dfgf xf] . csf]{tkm{ kl/jf/s} ;b:ox? a]rljvgdf ;+nUg x'g', kl5Nnf] ;do dfgj a]rljvgsf bnfnx?n] xjfO{ dfu{sf] k|of]u ug'{, ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ dfgj a]rljvg sfo{ ug'{, sltko a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt ck/fwLx?nfO{ /fhgLlts ;+/If0f k|fKt x'g' / /fHon] dfgj a]rljvg;Fu ;DalGwt cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gx?nfO{ s8fO{sf ;fy nfu" ug{ g;Sg' g]kfndf dfgj a]rljvgsf d'Vo r'gf}tLx? x'g . csf]{tkm{ /f]huf/Lsf] Joj:yf gx'g', a;fO{;/fO{nfO{ /fHon] Jojl:yt agfpg g;Sg' / hftLo e]befjn] ;fdflhs ?kdf cem} :yfg kfpg'h:tf sf/0fx?n] klg a]rljvg eO/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L g]kfnsf] cl:y/ /fhgLlts k|lqmofn] lgDTofPsf cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs kl/36gfx?sf sf/0f klg a]rljvg eO/x]sf] 5 . dfgj a]rljvg, >d zf]if0f, dfgj c+u ljqmL ljt/0f of}g ahf/sf nflu dfgj a]rljvg x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] a9f]Q/L, ljb]zL;Fu ljjfx, ablnFbf] hLjgz}nL, pkef]ujfbL hLjgsf] vf]hnufotsf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ dfgj a]rljvg al9/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{ dfgj a]rljvg;Fu /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o lu/f]xx? g} ;+ul7t x'g yfn]sf 5g . Pp6f b]zdf eO/x]sf] dfgj a]rljvg lgoGq0f ug{ pQm b]zsf] cfk/flws lu/f]xnfO{ sf/jfxL u/]/ dfq ;Dej gx'g] eO;s]sf] 5 . lsgls dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/ k;f/;Fu ;DalGwt cGt/f{li6«o lu/f]xx?sf] lqmofzLntf klg tLj| x'g yfn]sf] 5 . t;y{M dfgj a]rljvgh:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ /fHo cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo, u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yf / gful/s txaf6 PsLs[t k|of; ug'{ h?/L 5 . g]kfnL ;dfhdf a]rljvg / n}+l·s lx+;f lji0f' ;fksf]6f sfo{qmd clws[t -lzIff_ 13 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 ef/t;Fusf] g]kfnsf] v'Nnf l;dfgf, j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ltkm{ g]kfnL ;dfhdf b]lvPsf] afWotf jf cfsif{0fh:tf sf/0fx?n] dlxnf a]rljvgdf tLj|tf cfO/x]sf 5g . 13 jif{ @, c+s @, @)&@ h]i7 June 2015 13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 13c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 14. 14 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 kl5Nnf] ;do /fHo ;+/rgfnfO{ n}+lËs d}qL agfpg cys k|oTgx? eO/x]sf 5g . ;+j}wflgs ?kd} n}+lËs clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrttf ul/Psf] 5 . t/, ?9LjfbL k/Dk/f, ;+:s[lt, clzIff, n}+lus c;dfgtf h:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ cem} klg /fHo ;+/rgfdf dlxnfx?sf] ;Gtf]ifhgs pkl:ylt / kxF'r k'u]sf] 5}g . ;lbof}b]lvsf] lkQ[k|wfgfTds d"No / dfGotfaf6 ;dfh lgb]{lzt 5 . h;n] ubf{ ;+ljwfg jf sfg"gn] lgwf{/0f u/]sf ;+j}wflgs jf sfg'gL clwsf/ sfof{Gjog x'g ;d]t ;d:of k}bf eO/x]sf 5g . ;dfh, ;d'bfo / kl/jf/n] ug]{ dlxnf lx+;f cem} klg h:tfsf] t:t} 5 . dlxnfnfO{ bf];|f] bhf{sf] gful/ssf] ?kdf x]g]{ jf k'?ifeGbf tNnf] >]0fLsf] dflg;sf] ?kdf a'‰g] ;fdflhs d"No cem} klg Go"gLs/0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . Psftkm{ ;fdflhs d"No / b[li6sf]0f dlxnf d}qL gx'g' / csf]{tkm{ ul/jL, clzIff / a]/f]huf/Ln] g]kfnL ;dfh cfqmfGt x'g'n] dfgj a]rljvg tyf cf];f/k;f/df dlxnfx? g} a9L k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g . /fHo tyf ljleGg u}/;/sf/L ;+3 ;+:yfx?n] a]rljvg lgoGq0f ug{sf nflu u/]sf k|oTgx? cem} klg k|efjsf/L x'g ;s]sf 5}gg lsgls ljleGg tYof+s / ;j]{If0fx?af6 dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f x'g g;s]sf tYox? ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g . o:tf tYof+sx?n] s] lgb]{zg u5{g eg] dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0f tyf lgoGq0f emg} k]lrnf] alg/x]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ dfgj cf];f/k;f/ tyf a]rljvg lgoGq0f tyf Go'gLs/0fsf If]qdf sfd ul//x]sf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ yk r'gf}tLx? al9/x]sf 5g . ljutdf ef/tLo ahf/x? g]kfnL r]lna]6L j]Zofj[lQdf nufpg] / cfkm"n] df]6f] /sd c;'Ng] bnfnx? klg e]l6g yfn]sf 5g . To;}u/L ufpFaf6 r]nLx?nfO{ /fd|f] /f]huf/L nufO{lbg] cfZjf;g lbP/ zx/sf 8fG;jf/, d;fh ;]G6/x?df k'¥ofpFb} j]Zofj[lQtkm{ nufpg] klg /fhs'df/ g]kfnL lhNnf ;+of]hs -s}nfnL, wgu9L_ a]rljvgsf s]Gb| lyP . ljif]zu/L u|fdL0f r]nLx?nfO{ bnfnx?n] v'Nnf l;dfgfsf] kmfObf p7fpFb} ef/t k'¥ofpFy] / of}g bf;Lsf] ?kdf ljqmL uy]{ . t/, kl5Nnf] ;do j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf g]kfnL o'jfx?sf] pkl:ylt a9g';Fu} ljZjsf t];|f] d'n'sx?;d]t r]nLa]6L a]rljvgsf s]Gb| alg/x]sf 5g . ;Dk"0f{ sfg'gL k|fjwfg / k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ g]kfnL r]nLx?nfO{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf gfddf ljb]zL 8fG;jf/;Dd k'¥ofpg], dfgj a]rljvgdf ;+nUg tLg dlxnfnfO{ lhNnf cbfnt emfkfn] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5 . o'jtLnfO{ a]r]/ ha/h:tL of}g wGbfdf nufPsf] cf/f]lkt ld/f tfdfª, c?0ff yfkf du/ / ;Ldf du/ e'h]n lhNnf cbfnt emfkfn] !% jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] xf] . cleo'Qmx?n] emfkfsL !& jifL{o ;Ltf -gfd kl/jt{g_nfO{ ljjfxdf hfpmF PSn} eP /dfOnf] x'G5 eGb} ljtf{df]8af6 a'6jn x'Fb} ef/t n}hfg plQs} 5g . cleefjsnfO{ g} k|nf]egdf kf/L :jo+ cleefjsåf/f g} ef/tLo ;Ldfgfsf kf/ u/fP/ r]nLj]6Lx? a]rljvg u/]sf tYox? klg ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g . To;}u/L ef/tLo k|d'v gfsfx?df /fHo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?n] a9fPsf] tLj| lgu/fgL kZrft g]kfn ef/taLrdf /x]sf ;fgf tyf rf]/L gfsfx?af6 df]6/;fOsn jfk}bndfkm{tr]nLx?nfO{ef/tk'¥ofpg]lu/f]xx? klg ;lqmo 5g . oL r'gf}tLx?nfO{ ;fdgf ug]{ jf oL r'gf}tLx?nfO{ Go'gLs/0f ug]{ cfwf/;lxt ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? lqmofzLn x'g h?/L 5 . lsgls ljutsf] h:tf] ef/tLo ;Ldfsf k|d'v gfsfx?af6 v'Nndv'Nnf r]nL n}hfg] lu/f]xx? eGbf cGo j}slNks z}nL ckgfP/ a]rljvg ug]{x? tLj|t/ ?kdf a9L/x]sf 5g . o:tf k[ys z}nL ;lxt r]nLa]6L a]rljvgdf ;lqmo lu/f]x / 36gfx?nfO{ cWoog u/]/ dfq} xfdLn] yk sfo{ ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . olb o;f] ug{ ;lsPg eg] dfgj a]rljvg Go'gLs/0fdf yk r'gf}tLx? a9g] lglZrt 5 . vf]h]sf lyP . t/, ;Ldf gfsfdf lgu/fgL a9]sf] x'Fbf tL o'jtLnfO{ cfGtl/s ?kdf Pp6f /]i6'/]G6df /fvL ha/h:tL of}g Joj;fodf ;+nUg u/fPsf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] lyof] . pgLx? lj?4 a}zfv * ut] dfga a]rlavg tyf cf];f/ kf];f/ la?4 d'4f btf{ ePsf] lyof] . cleo'Qmx? dWo] ld/f tfdfª / ;Ldf du/ -e'h]nnfO{_ !% aif{ h]n ;hfo / hgxL ! nfv hl/jfgf km};nf ul/Psf] 5 eg] c?0ff yfkf du/nfO{ !) aif{ h]n / %) xhf/ hl/afgf x'g] ul/ km};nf ul/Psf] xf] . dlxnf a]rljvg lj?4 sfo{/t ;+:yf s]cfO{ g]kfnn] kLl8t o'jtLnfO{ p2f/ u/L lrtjg zfvfsf] ;+/If0fdf /fv]sf] s] cfO{ g]kfnsf ;~rf/ ;+of]hs ;'/Iff a/fnn] atfOg . ;fef/M cgnfO{g vj/ 86 sd cleefjsnfO{ g} k|nf]egdf kf/L :jo+ cleefjsåf/f g} ef/tLo ;Ldfgfsf kf/ u/fP/ r]nLj]6Lx? a]rljvg u/]sf tYox? klg ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf 5g . a]rlavgdf ;+nUgnfO{ !% jif{ h]n ;hfo 14 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ dfgj a]rljvgsf r'gf}tLx?
  • 15. 15c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 ;~rf/ dfWoddf s]=cfO{+ g]kfn æxfd|f] uGtJo, dfgj a]rlavg / n}+lËs lx+;fsf] cGToÆ
  • 16. 16 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015 k|sfzsM s]=cfO{= g]kfn, hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/ d'b|sM j]i6g lk|lG6ª ;kf]6{ k|f=ln=,;fdfv';L,sf7df8f}+,df]= (*%!)%&!@( zfvf sfof{nox¿zfvf sfofnox¿ s]=cfO{= g]kfn sfFs8le§f, emfkf kmf]g g+= )@#–%^#@)@÷(*)@^@!%^! s]=cfO{= g]kfn lj/f6gu/, df]/ª kmf]g g+= )@!–$#%!^!÷(*)@^@!%^@ s]=cfO{= g]kfn lj/+u~h, k;f{ kmf]g g+= )%!–%@^*(^, (*)@^@!%^# s]=cfO{= g]kfn afx|la;], l;Gw'kfNrf]s kmf]g g+=M (*)@^#*^$) s]=cfO{= g]kfn e/tk'/, lrtjg kmf]g g+= )%^–%@*%^%, %@^)&!÷(*)@^@!%^$÷^%÷^* s]=cfO{= g]kfn dx]zk'/, gjnk/f;L kmf]g g+= (*)@^#*^#* s]=cfO{= g]kfn e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL kmf]g g+= )&!–%@%$&$÷(*)@^@!%^& s]=cfO{= g]kfn a'6jn, ?kGb]xL kmf]g g+= )&!–$@)!&(÷(*)@^@!%^^÷&) s]=cfO{= g]kfn s[i0fgu/, slknj:t' kmf]g g+= )&^–%@)%&!, (*)@^@!%&! s]=cfO{= g]kfn g]kfnu~h, afFs] kmf]g g+= )*!–%@#^%&÷(*)@^@!%*) s]=cfO{= g]kfn wgu9L, s}nfnL kmf]g g+= )(!–$!^)!^÷(*)@^@!%&#÷&( s]=cfO{= g]kfn dx]Gb|gu/, s~rgk'/ kmf]g g+= )((–$)@!#&÷(*)@^@!%&$ s]=cfO{= g]kfn s]Gb|Lo sfof{no hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/ kf]i6 aS; g+= &($* kmf]g g+= M )!–%%###&*, )!–%%$@%#( O{d]nM kinepal@gmail.com | Facebook Page: facebook/KI Nepal | Website: www. kinepal.org s]=cfO{= g]kfnsf] sfo{qmd ;+rflnt lhNnfx¿ k"jf{~rn dWodf~rn klZrdf~rn dWo klZrdf~rn ;'b"/ klZrdf~rn 16 jif{ @, c+s #, @)&@ k'; December 2015