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aif{ ! c+s # ?s'd @! h]7 @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 4 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.—
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…zflGt / ;d[l4sf] rfxf, ;dfrf/ / larf/df cfxfÚ
cfxf ;~rf/www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com
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af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbs af6 lae"lift x'g' ePsf]df ?s'dsf
:yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{nfO{ awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f} .
;fy} cfpFbf lbgx?df klg pxfFsf] ?s'dsf] lasf; sfo{df ;w}+
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?s'dsf] pQ/k"a{sf Ps bh{g
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/Gdfd}sf]6 l:yt k'kfn, h+unf
/ c/labf kf6gdf of;f{u'Daf
l6Kgsf nflu v'Nnf ul/Pkl5
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sf]n nufot bh{geGbf a9L
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5g . oxfFsf :yflgo afl;Gbfx?
of;f{ l;hgsf] z'? ePnut} 8]8
dlxgfsf nflu :yflgox? cfkmgf]
3/afF; 5f8]/ a'lskf6g hfg]
ub{5g . dlxgf}sf nflu
a:bf]a:tL ;fdfg lnP/ :yfgLo
afl;Gbf a'lskf6gdf nfUg]
ePkl5 clwsf+z uflj;sf
afnaflnsf b]lv a[4a[4fx?
;d]t 3/df tfNrf nufP/ of;f{
l6Kg uPsf x'g . ;+sng If]qdf
oltv]/ of;f{ l6Kg]x?sf] le8 g}
nfu]sf] 5 . dWo / k"jL{ ?s'dsf
;a{;fwf/0f ?s'ds} /Gdfd}sf6sf]
of;f{ If]qdf hfg ub{5g eg]
klZrd ?s'd / hfh/sf]6sf
;a{;fwf/0f 8f]Nkf hfg] ub{5g .
of;f{u'Daf af6 /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g]
ePkl5 sfd 5f8]/ ;a} n]slt/
hfFbf lasf; lgdf0f{ b]lv cGo
;fdflhs sfdsfhx? ;d]t
k|eflat ePsf] 5 . gofF
;+lawfg;efsf] r'gfasf nflu
cfaZos kmf]6f] ;lxtsf] gfdjnL
;+sng tyf gful/stf k|bfg
ug]{ ;lxtsf] Plss[t 3'DtL
lzla/ ;d]t k|eflat ag]sf] 5
. lzla/ clxn] ufpFg} vfnL
/x]sf] ca:yfdf ;+rfng ubf{
k|efasf/L gx'Fg] eGb} To;
If]qsf nflu kl5 ;fl/Psf] lhNnf
k|zf;g sfof{no ?s'dn]
hgfPsf] 5 . To:t} of;f{ kfO{g]
7fpdf cTolws lr;f] tyf lxpF
kf^g el/e/fp
ufpF ;'g;fg
afFsL # k]hdf
cfxf ;~rf/
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cf/f]lxnfO{ clegGbg
cfxf ;~rf/
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lhNnf l:yt ;+rf/sdL{ tyf
/fhg}ltsbnsf nflu lalxaf/
dfgl;s :jf:Yo cled'lvs/0f
;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . ;d'bfodf
cfwfl/t dfgl;s :jf:Yo ;'wf/
tyf kx'Fr sfo{qmd cGt/ut
o'gfO{6]8 ld;g 6" g]kfnsf]
cfly{s ;xof]udf g]kfn
hghfu/0f d~r ?s'dn]
cled'lvs/0f sfo{qmdsf]
cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf] . d~rsf]
sfof{no ;Nn]df cfof]hgf
ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf dfgl;s
:jf:Yosf] cawf/0f, k|sf/,
sfo{qmd ;+rfng ePsf
ufla;x?, xfn;Ddsf] ca:yfsf
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. h;cg';f/ xfn lhNnfsf ltg
ufla;x? vf/f, ?F3f /
enfSrfdf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfngdf
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t/ lhNnfsf ltg ufla;x? dfq
geO{ o:tf ;d:ofx? lhNnfe/L
/x]sf] eGb} lhNnfsf ;a}
ufla;x?df sfo{qmd la:tf/
ug'{kg]{ ;'emfa lbPsf lyP .
laZj b]lv ?s'd lhNnf ;Dd
o:tf k|s[ltsf /f]uLx? a9]sf]
atfO{Psf] 5 . lhNnfsf] ;Gbe{df
klg ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6
vn+ufdf lbgfg'lbg o:tf /f]uLx?
b]lvg] u/]sf] ePklg plrt
Aoa:yfkg ug{ ;/f]sf/jfnf
lgsfox?n] ug{ g;s]sf] ;d]t
atfPsf lyP . g]kfndf
dfgl;s :jf:Yo ;aGwL @) b]lv
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ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddsf]
;xhLs/0f o'gfO{6]8 ld;g 6"
g]kfnsf :jf:Yo clws[t s0f{
g]kfnL / d~rsf cWoIf zDe'
lal;n] u/]sf lyP . dfgl;s
c:jf:Yo eGgfn] s'g} klg
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sfdx? h:t} r]tgf, :kz{,
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;a} ;sf/fTds ;f]rfO{ tyf
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/fd|f] dflgg] atfO{Psf] 5 .
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ul/Psf] 5 . klxnf] k6s l;:g]
lxdfnsf] cf/f]x0f u/]sf] 6f]nLnfO{
zlgaf/ ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf
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cf]9fP/ clegGbg ul/Psf] xf] .
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5 . h]i7 @ ut] ;b/d'sfd
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;+:yfsf] tYof+sdf sl/a b'O{ ;o
hgf 5g . Jofj;flos tyf
;lqmo ¿kdf kqsfl/tf ug]{ eg]
hDdf &% hgf 5g . df]km;ndf
;a}eGbf a9L dlxnf kqsf/
ePsf k"jf{~rndf b'O{ aif{cl3
klxnf]k6s ;~rfl/sfsf] If]qLo
;ldlt u7g ul/of] .
k"jf{~rn:t/Lo ;ldlt elgP klg
ToxfF df]/ª, ;'/;/L / wgs'6fsf
kqsf/ dlxnf dfq ;d]l6P .
hals d]rL c~rnsf k|To]s
lhNnfdf /fli6«o klqsfsf dlxnf
;+jfbbftf 5g . laxfg} p7]/
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dfq xf]Og, lel8of] klg cfkm}+
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6]lnlehgsf nflu Sofd]/f lvRg]
/ ;dfrf/ ;Dk|]lift ug]{ pgL
kf]v/fsL PSnL dlxnf x'g .
o;cl3 pgL :yfgLo lxdr'nL
Pkm=Pd=sf nflu l/kf]l6{Ë /
;dfrf/ jfrg uly{g . t/
hab{:t sfo{Ifdtf / cfkm"nfO{
;Ifd ;flat ug]{ Ifdtf x'Fbf klg
pgsf] k|f]df]zg pk;Dkfbs
cyjf jl/i7 l/kf]6{/;Dd dfq}
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pbfx/0fx¿ 5g hxfF l/kf]l6{Ësf]
dfdnfdf dlxnf k'¿ifx¿eGbf
/fd|f] ul5{g . On]S6«f]lgs
ldl8ofsf] s'/f ubf{ tkfO{+ x]g{
;Sg' x'G5 dlxnf Go"h l/8/x¿
g} ;dfrf/ kl9/x]sL x'lG5g . cfh
dlxnf ldl8ofsdL{x¿ cfˆgf]
Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df g]kfnL
ldl8ofsf] ¿k ablng rfxlG5g
t/ ldl8of cyjf egf}+ k|aGwg
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ufx|f] dflg/x]5 . g]kfnL u0ftGqsf]
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cln /fd|f] 5 . df]km;ndf klg
dlxnfx¿df kqsfl/tf If]qsf]
nflu s]xL u¿+ of d klg of]
r'gf}tLk"0f{ sfd u¿+ h:tf] efjgf
cfO{/x]sf] pbfx/0fx¿ 5g h'g
Pp6f ;'vb s'/f xf] . clxn]
ldl8ofsf] x/]s c+u lk|G6 cyjf
On]S6"f]lgs, Go"h ¿d cyf{t
k|mG6nfO{gdf klg dlxnfx¿sf] /
fd|f] pkl:ylt b]lvG5 . t/ ha
ldl8ofsf] 7"nf] kbsf] s'/f ubf{
oxfF cln lg/fzfhgs l:ylt g}
x'G5 . On]S6"f]lgs ldl8ofsf] s'/
f ubf{ clxn] Pp6f klg 7"nf]
b}lgs cvaf/sf] ;Dkfbsdf
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5}gg . cfwfeGbf a9L hg;+Vof
ePsf] b]zdf 7"nf] cvaf/df
;Dkfbssf] lhDd]jf/L ;DefNg
dlxnf ;Ifd geP/ xf]O{g a¿
k'¿ifx¿sf] cyf{t k|aGwgsf]
;f]rsf] bl/b|tfn] ubf{ clxn];Dd
of] ;Dej e};s]sf] 5}g . clxn]
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b}lgs klqsfdf dlxnf ;Dkfbs
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dfWod, l6eL Rofgn /
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5}g . @))& ;fnkl5sf]
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nlIft u/L k|sfzg ul/Psf]
kqklqsfx¿ cToGt sd 5g .
dlxnf ;Dkfbsåf/f lgsflnPsf]
klxnf] klqsf …dlxnfÚ g} lyof] .
of] klqsf @))* ;fndf ;xfgf
k|wfg tyf sfdIfb]jLåf/f
k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] . o;sf]
Ps c+skl5 c¿ k|sflzt x'g
;s]g . To;kl5sf] dlxnf
;Dkfbsåf/f klqsf …:jf:gLdfG5]Ú
k|sfzg z'¿ eof] . of] klqsf
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eof] / kl5 aGb eof] . o;/L
dlxnf ;Dkfbsaf6 s]xL
klqsfx¿ lg:sg] k|of; eP klg
Tof] lbuf] x'g ;s]g / xfn s]xL
;fKtflxs klqsfx¿ dlxnf
;Dkfbsåf/f k|sflzt ePklg /
fli6«o b}lgsx¿df dlxnf
;Dkfbs gx'g'df dlxnfk|ltsf]
cljZjf; g} d'Vo /x]sf] 5 . cfh
klg ;';+:s[ltsf] ljsf; eOg;Sg'
clg xfd|f] ;dfhdf k'¿if k|wfg
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sf/0fn] ubf{ g} dlxnf :jtGqtf
/ dlxnfsf] d'Vo e"ldsfnfO{ x]o
b[li6n] x]g]{ k|rng a;]sf] xf],
h;sf] k|efj kqsfl/tf If]qdf
klg kl//x]sf] 5 . g]kfnL
ldl8of If]qdf klxnf] k6s
;Dkfbssf e"ldsfdf b]lvPsL
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DofuflhgÚ sL ;Dkfbs ¿lagf
bQ;Dd klg dlxnf kqsf/sf]
pkl:ylt / k|efj lrQ a'‰bf]
u/L ;'w|]sf] kfO{bF}g . cfh klg
kqsfl/tf k]zfsf] pRr :yfgdf
k'¿ifs} k|wfgtf kfO{G5 rfx] Tof]
;DkfbsLo xf]; jf cGo
kqsf/Ltf . g]kfn kqsf/
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ltldlN;gf ;du| dlxnf kqsf/
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;jf{lws nf]slk|o ;dfrf/jflrsf
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g]kfn 6o"g ug]{ u5{g . 6]lnlehg
sfo{qmdx¿dfkm{t cfjfh
ljxLgx¿sf] cfjfh ;'gfpg
k|oTgzLn cf/tL r6f}t dlxnf,
ckfªutf ePsf JolQm
nufotsf ju{x¿df lk|o l5g .
snf, ;flxTo, :jf:Yo /
;+:s[ltsf ljljw kIfx¿nfO{
/]l8of] sfo{qmddfkm{t phfu/ ug]{
l;lNeof /fhf]kfWofo g]kfn
efifLx¿ df´df rlr{t l5g .
oBlk ;du|df g]kfnL ldl8ofdf
dlxnf kqsf/sf] e"ldsf
ck]Iffs[t sdhf]/ 5 . /]l8of]
l6lesf cf/h] / eLh]x¿nfO{ lng]
xf] eg] dgf]/~hgfTds kf6f]df
dlxnf pkl:ylt pNn]Vo 5 .
clt sd tyf clgoldt kfl/
>lds, Hofb} ;a]/ jf ca]/
;Ddsf] sfo{ ug'{kg]{ afWotf /
Hofg} ;d]t u'dfpg ;lsg]
lsl;dsf r'gf}tLx¿ of] k];fdf
5g . lgofn]/ x]g]{ xf] eg] of]
eGbf hf]lvdk"0f{ / sl7g w]/}
sfddf dlxnfx¿sf] ;xeflutf
b]lvG5 . t}klg Pp6f ;Lldt
cjlwkl5 kfl/jfl/s lhDd]jf/L
jf /fd|f] cj;/ eGb} dlxnf
kqsf/x¿ knfog x'g] u/]sf]
oyfy{ g]kfnL kqsfl/tf hutdf
ljBdfg 5 . ;kmn kqsf/ x'gsf
nflu d'vk[i7d} ;dfrf/
cfpg'k5{ eGg] 5}g . /fhgLlts
jf ;g;gLk"0f{ va/ lbg' dfq
kqsf/sf] sfd xf]Og . Psflt/
kqsf/n] dfgjtf, dfgj clwsf/
/ cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGwx¿sf]
;Ddfg ug'{ kb{5 eg] csf{lt/
kqsf/sf sfFwdf ;dfh ¿kfGt/
0fsf] ;fdflhs bfloTj klg
x'G5g . ckfªutf ePsf
JolQmx¿, c;xfo, czSt,
dlxnf, afnaflnsf / k5fl8 kfl/
Psf ju{sf] pTyfg / ljsf;tkm{
;xof]u k'Ug] vfnsf ;"rgf /
ljrf/x¿ k|jfx ug'{ kqsf/sf]
afFsL $ k]hdf
?s'd dfq geP/ dWoklZrd g]kfnsf] lz/sf] ?kdf :yflkt
l;:g] lxdfn klxnf] k6s c/f]x0f ul/Psf] atfO{Psf] 5,
To;sf/0f klg cfxf ;~rf/sf] tkm{af6 dgaxfb'/ vqL nufot
pxfFx?sf] l6dnfO{ w]/} w]/} awfO{ 1fkg ug{ rfxfG5f} . To:t}
gful/s If]qaf6 dgdgn] va/ ;'Gg]lalQs} lbPklg cf}krfl/s
?s'ddf zlgaf/ ?s'dsf] a/fx6fs'/fdf Ps cf}krfl/s
sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/ gful/s clegGbg ul/Psf] 5 Tof] g}
pxfFx?sf nflu ;Rrf ;Ddfg xf] eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . Ps
?s'd]nL 5f]/fsf] g]t[Tjdf ?s'ds} lz/ l;:g] lxdfnsf] c/f]xg
ug'{ rfgr'g] laifo lyPg . hLjgnfO{ xTs]nfdf /fv]/ ul/Psf]
of] ;+3if{, cfF6 / ;xf; ct'nlgo x'g cfp5 . To;}n] xf]nf
c/f]xg 6f]nLnfO{ clegGbg ug{ lhNnf l:yt ;/f]sf/jfnf
lgsfox?sf] t ;lqmo ;xeflutf lyof] g} k'a{ :jf:Yo dGqL
nf]sGb| lai6 ;d]t ?s'ddf cfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL
;a} cltly tyf cf/f]lx ;d'xsf g]t[Tj tyf ;b:ox?n] ?s'dsf
csf]{ ko{6gsf] 9f]sf vf]lnPsf] pb3f]if u/] . xf] ;fFRrLs} l;:g]
cf/f]xg ;u} ?s'dsf gofF ko{6gsf] dfu{ v'n]sf] t 5 t/
r'gf}lt klg Tolts} xfdL sxfF cfPsf] 5 . l;:g] lxdfn klxnf]
cf/f]xg ePsf] va/ aflxl/;u} lxdfn cf/f]xg tyf ko{6gdf
?rL /fVg] dflg;x?sf] cfFvf klg tfgLPsf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f
;u/dfyf h:t} l;:g] lxdfndf cfpFbf lbgx?df cf/f]xg ug]{x?sf]
nsf]{ gnfUnf eGg ;lsb}g . t/ ?s'dsf To; cg';f/sf]
k'a{tof/L / dfkb08 alnof] ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?n] agfPsf]
b]lvb}g . h;df l;:g] lxdfn c/f]xgsf nflu v'Nnf t ul/Psf]
t 5 t/ cf/f]xg z'Ns, cf/f]xgsf nfuL ul/g] lgu/fgL nufotsf
laifodf l566} ;f]Rg h?/L 5 . h:tf] l;:g] lxdfnsf] r'r'/f]df
k'u]/ ;kmn cf/f]xg eof] ePg, cfwf/ lzla/df k'u]/ ;kmn
cf/f]xgsf] k|rf/ kf] ul/of]sL . ;kmn cf/f]xg u/]sf]
cflwsfl/stf s] x'g], cfkm'n] cfkm}nfO{ ;kmn cf/f]xg eof] eGb}df
gful/s tyf ;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] kTofO{ xfNg] sL of s] ug]{
lo ;a} dxTjk'0f{ kIfx? x'g . To;sf/0f ca xfdL ;fd' kl5Nnf
lbgx?df oL dflysf w]/} r'gf}ltx? cufl8 cfPsf 5g . h;sf
nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo / tkfO{ xfdL ;a} ldn]/ o; ;DaGwL
:ki6 dfkb08 agfpg' h?/L b]lvG5 .
/ casf] dfkb08
;xsdL{ ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf
kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf
;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf k|sfzg
ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy}
klqsf lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf ;d]t
AoQm ub{5' .
sdn yfkf -cWoIf_
g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3,?s'd
# @! h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs 
@
;d'bfo c+s kq
sfo{qmd z'?
ufFp ;'g;fg==
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
SofDk :yfkgf u/]/ cf/f]x0f ofqf cuf8L
a9fPsf] pgLx?sf] egfO{ /x]sf] 5 .
clegGbg sfo{qmddf k'j{ ko{6g tyf
gful/s p8og dGqL Pj+ Plss[t g]skf
dfcf]jfbLsf g]tf nf]s]Gb| lai6, k'j{
/fHo dGqL uf]kfnhL hªu zfx, :yfgLo
lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ ;lxt
lhNnf l:yt /fhg}lts bnsf k|dv
tyf k|ltlgwL, ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo tyf
;a{;fw/0fx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof]
. ?s'd pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3, cfly{s
;xof]u ;ldlt ?s'd tyf sf7df08f}+,
xf]6]n Joj;foL ;+3, lgdf{0f Joj;foL
;+3 / /]l8of] ;fgLe]/Ln] ;+o'St ?kdf
clegGbg sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf
x'g .
/fKtL sl/8f]/df kg]{ ?s'd / ;Nofgdf
!% ufla;x?df ;fa{hlgs ;]jfsf]
k|efasf/Ltfsf] nflu ;d'bfo c+skq
sfo{qmd ;+rfng ul/g] ePsf] 5 .
;b/d'sf d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf Ps
cled'vLs/0f sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/
o:tf] hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] xf] . laZa a}+s
l;O{l;cfO{ sf] k|f0f sfo{qmdsf] ;xof]udf
dfga clwsf/ ;+/If0f tyf sfgL ;]jf
s]Gb| -x/Kn];_ ?s'dn] sfo{qmd ;+rfng
ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . h; cGt/ut sfo{qmd
?s'dsf vf/f, d'?, ?3Ff, enfSrf /
vn+uff / ;Nofgsf vn+uf, 8fF8fufpF,
l;4]Zj/L, yf/df/], lza/y, :ofgLvfn,
sh]/L, afemFsf8f, lkkng]6f, / 9fFsf8fd
ufla;x?df ;+rfng x'g] hfgsf/L
u/fO{Psf] 5 . c+skq dfkm{t :yflgo
lgsfox?df u'0f:t/ clea[l4 ug]{ pb]Zo
lnPsf] sfo{qmd l8;]Da/ @)!# ;Dd
;+rfng x'g]5 . cled'vLsf/0f, tof/L /
k|f/DeLs sfo{, >f]t cfFsng, sfo{
;dkfbg c+s tflnsf, ;]jf k|bfossf]
:jMd'NofFsg, cfdg];fdg] a}7s tyf
sfo{of]hgf th'{df / gful/s cg'udg
kl/of]hgf ;+rfngsf lalwx? /xg]5g .
To:t} ;"rgf ;fdfu|L pKkfbg / lat/0f,
ldl8of kl/rfng ul/g] sfo{qmddf
;fa{hlgs ;]jfdf hgtfx?n] s] slt ;]jf
kfP To;sf] cfwf/df c+s k|bfg ul/g] 5
. sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ?s'dsf :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] :yflgo
lgsfodf hgk|ltlgwLx? geO{/x]sf]
ca:yfdf o:tf sfo{qmdx? k|efasf/L x'g]
atfP . æ;]jf k|bfosaf6 hgtfn] s]
slt ;]jf kfP t 5b}5, of]hgf k|s[ofut
eof] ePg Tof] klg x]g{ h?/L 5Æ pgn]
eg], æ;a{k|yd ?s'dsf nfuL of] gofF
sfo{qmd ePsf sf/0f ;d'bfox?nfO{ a9L
a'emfpg'kg]{ b]lvG5 .Æ pgn] cGo
;fa{hlgs ;]jf k|afxsf] c+s ;u} clxn]
kSsL lgdf{0flwg /fKtL nf]sdfu{sf] klg
cg'ud0f ug'{ h?/L /x]sf] atfP .
lhNnfl:yt ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfx? /x]sf]
sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] o:tf sfo{qmd
lhNnfsf b'O{rf/ ufla;x?df dfq geO{
;a} ufla;x?df ;+rfng ubf{ /fd|f] x'g]
atfPsf lyP . ;fdflhs hafkmb]lxtf
cEof;stf{ lai0f' kf]v|]nn] ;xhLs/0f u/
]sf] sfo{qmdsf] cWoIftf x/Kn];sf cWoIf
nlnt a'9fn] u/]sf lyP .
w]/} dfqfdf x'g] u/]sf]n] klg hf]lvd klg
Tolts} /x]sf] 5 . ;+sng ug{ uPsf
a'9fa'l9 tyf ;fgf pd]/sf afnaflnsfsf]
lr;f]sf sf/0f d[To' ;d]t x'g] u/]sf] 5 .
o;}lar of;f{u'Djfsf] df};d ;'? eP;u}
?s'dsf k"jL{ uflj;sf b'O{ bh{geGbf a9L
laBfno ;d]t aGb ePsf 5g .
laBfnox? aGb u/]/ laBfyL{ ;lxt
lzIfs klg of;f{ l6Kg uPsf sf/0f
laBfnox? aGb ePsf x'g . ptf of;f{
;+sng :yndf s/f]8f}+sf] sf/f]af/ x'g]
u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . vl/bsf nflu
lhNnf:t/Lo tyf /fhwfgL sf7df08f}
cf/f]lx=====
;8saf6} bfn, rfdn
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
ufpF3/df s]lx sfd gkfP/ ef/tsf]
sflnkxf8 b]lv vfl8 d'n'sdf
/f]huf/Lsf nflu hfg] lhNnfsf s]lx
ufla;sf :yflgoafl;Gbfx? clxn] sfdsf
nflu vfBfGg sfo{qmddf ;lqmo ;xeflu
5g . lab]l;bf aif{df Psk6s
bz}ltxf/df dfq 3/ kms{g] pgLx? clxn]
kl/jf/;u} al;al; sfddf ;lqmo ePsf
5g . laZj vfB sfo{qmd / g]kfn ;/
sf/, ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo lasf;
dGqfnosf] ;+o'Qm cfly{s ;xof]u tyf
dgx/L lasf; ;+:yf g]kfnsf] k|flalws
;xof]udf sfdsf nfuL vfBfGg sfo{qmd
;+rfng ePkl5 :yflgox? o;tkm{ nfu]sf
x'g . h;cGt/ut lhNnfsf * uflj;df
!) of]hgfx? ;+rfngdf 5g . lhNnfsf
k'lt{dsFf8f, u/fonf, cf7lj;8f8fufpF,
cf7la;sf]6, sf]n, ts;]/fdf u|fdL0f
;8s tyf cf7lj;sf]6, uf]tfdsf]6 /
:ofnfvbL ufla;df 3f]8]6f] af6f] lgdf0f{
sfo{qmd /x]sf x'g . To:t}
cf7lj;8f8fufpF l;dahf/ cf;kf;
If]qdf glb lgoGq0f t6aGw sfo{qmd
;+rfngdf 5 . 3f/]6f]af6f] lgdf0f{ sfo{
;DkGg ePsf] 5 eg] ;8s lgdf0f{
clGtd r/0fdf /x]sfn] c;f/sf] klxnf]
;ftf;Dd k'/f x'g] dgx/L lasf; ;+:yfsf
sfo{qmd ;+of]hs O{lGhgLo/ k|sfz
;fksf]6fn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ glb
t6aGw ;lxt afFsL ;8s lgdf0f{ sfo{
eg] hf/L /x]sf] 5 . æcfof]hgfdf sfd
u/] dfkm{t Ps :yflgo sfdbf/n] Ps
lbgsf] rf/ lsnf] rfdn / cfwf s]hL
bfn kfpg] u/]sf 5gÆ O{lGhgLo/
;fksf]6fn] eg], æsl/a !* ;o 3/w'/L
;xefuL pQm cfof]hgfsf nfuL # ;o
^) d]l6«s6g rfdn / $% d]l6«s6g
bfn lat/0f ul/g] 5 .Æ vfWofGg ;d:of
x'g] pQm If]qdf sfdsf nflu vfWofGg
sfo{qmd ;+rfng uPkl5 ToxfFsf :yflgo
afl;Gbfx? v'l; ePsf] atfO{Psf] 5 .
gb'jf 7'nf]afs'{ ufO{/L ufla;ejg u|fldg
;8s pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf vDd'
s';f/Lsf cg';f/ /f]huf/Lsf nfuL
lab]zLn] oxfFsf afl;Gbfx?sf] nflu o;
sfo{qmd lgs} k|efasf/L ePsf] atfP .
ævfWofGgdf ;d:of x'g] If]qdf cfof]hgf
dfkm{t sfd u/]/ bfn rfdn lng yfn]kl5
;d:of 6/]sf] 5Æ pgn] eg] . u|fldg
;8s lgdf0f{ k'/f ePdf :yflgonfO{
cfjthfjtdf ;lhnf] ePsf] 5 eg]
pTkflbt s[lif pkh a:t'x? ahf/ ;Dd
9'jfgL ug{ ;xhtf x'g]5 . ufpFd} /f]huf/
tyf vfWofGg kfpg] o:tf sfo{qmdx?
cfufdL lbgx?df klg ;+rfng ug{
:yflgox?n] cg'/f]w u/]sf 5g . o;}lar
olx cfof]hgf dWo cf7lj;8f8fufpFsf]
gb'jf 7'nLafv'{ uf]O/L uflj; ejg u|fld0f
;8s of]hgfsf] cg'udg ul/Psf] 5 .
cfof]hgfsf] olx h]7 * ut] If]qLo tyf
lhNnf:t/Lo 6f]lnn] cg'udg u/]sf]
nufotsf 7fpFx?af6 ;d]t Aofkf/Lx?
;+sng :yndf k'Ug] u/]sf 5g . of;f{u'Daf
l;hg Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;lrj
e/ts'df/ k'g du/sf cg';f/ o;k6s
of;f{ l6Kg] hfg] ;a{;fw/0fnfO{ kGw| ;o
/ of;f{sf] Aofkf/ ug]{ Aofkf/Lx?nfO{
Jofkf/L cg'dlt z'Ns kGw| xhf/ tfs]sf]
5 . ut aif{x?sf] eGbf o;aif{ of;f{
l6Kg] ;a{;fw/0f tyf Jofkf/Lx?nfO{
nufpb} cfPsf] z'Nsdf a[l4 u/]sf] xf] .
ut aif{ ;a{;fw/0fnfO{ Ps xhf/ /
Jofkf/LnfO{ bz xhf/ z'Ns tf]s]sf] lyof]
. of;f{ l6Kg] :yfgdf rf]/Ln'6kft tyf
ck/flws 36gfx? klg Tolts} x'g]
u/]sf 5g .
atfO{Psf] 5 . cg'udg 6f]nLdf
8ANo"=Pkm=lk sf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs lrhf
e08f/L, dgx/L lasf; ;+:yf g]kfnsf
dlg6l/ª clkm;/ lagf]b zdf{ / lhNnf
lasf; ;ldltsf] tkm{af6 sfo{qmd
clws[t lrGtfd0fL bfxfn, lhNnf k|zf;g
sfo{nosf tf/fk|;fb zdf{,
cf/=;L=cfO{=8ANo"sf ;lGha rf}w/L,
sflGtk'/ b}lgssf ;+jfbbftf s[i0fk|;fb
uf}td / dgx/L lasf; ;+:yfsf sfo{qmd
;+of]hs O{lGhgLo/ k|sfz ;fksf]6f
nufotsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .
oxfFsf ;fd'bflos agx?n] of;f{u'Djf
;+snsjf6 k|j]z z'Ns af6 em08} tLg
s/f]8 ?k}ofF ;+sng u/]sf 5g . lhNnfsf
ljleGg ufFpljsf; ;ldtL / lhNnf aflx/
af6 cfPsf hgtfx?af6 jg pkef]Qmf
;ldltx?n] k|j]z z'Ns afkmt @ y/L
z'Ns lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . lhNNff
leqsf ;+snssf nfuL % ;o / aflx/L
lhNnfsf ;+snssf nfuL ? !! ;o ?k}ofF
tf]lsPsf] k|d'v lhNNff clwsf/L lbns'df/
tfdfª atfP . xfn ;Dd 8f]Nkfsf laleGg
kf6gx?df #% xhf/ a/fj/sf] ;+Vofdf
;+sng /x]sf] ;d]t pgn] hfgsf/L lbP .
hfh/sf]6, ?s'd, ;Nofg, h'Dnf, x'Dnf,
d'u' / /f]Nkf nufPsf lhNnfsf
;a{;fw/0fx? oxfF of;f{u'Djf ;+sngsf
nfuL cfpg] ub{5g . lhNnfsf
;fO{s'j/L, ?kkf6g, ;fu/, sfudf/f,
6fu6'u], dfn'jfrf}/, :ofntfu, Kof/Lu'kmf
/ kf/Ljg nufPtsf @ bh{g If]qdf
of;f{u'Djf kfO{g] ub{5 . Pp6f of;f{u'Djf
? $ ;o b]vL ^ ;o ;Ddsf] b/df
laqmL u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . o;}lar
;+sngsf qmddf # hgfsf] n]s nfu]/
d'To" ePsf] 5 . o; k6s ;]kmf]S;'08f]
/fli6«o lgs'Gh If]qdf eg] of;f{u'Djf
;+sng ug{ k|ltjGb nufPsf] 5 .
k|ltjGb nufPsf If]qleq k|j]zsf nfuL
sfl6Psf] em08} @) nfv ?k}of lkmtf{
ul/Psf] 5 . lgs'Gh If]q leq kmf]S;'08f],
;fntfu, luh]/, wf], /x, lqk'/fsf]6,
kxf/f, l6dL / sfO{ufFp u/L ^ ufla;df
k|ltaGb nufPsf] 5 .
k|a]z z'Ns af6
x]dGt s];L
 hfh/sf]6
# s/f]8
;8s cfof]hgfsf] cg'udg ub{}
 ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $

cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf
Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka
ca lng'xf]; l;Q}df l;d
cfsif{s ;fO{gaf]8{, xf]l8ªaf]8{ tyf Aofg/ n]vgsf
nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf]; .
vn+uf %, lkkng]6f ?s'd
df]=(*$&(#@%^^
ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no
hGd, d[To",a;fO{;/fO{ / laafxbtf{ nufotsf cGo s'g}klg
36gfx? #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf
uO{ btf{ ug]{ afgL a;fnf}+ .
wgla/ s];L -ufla; ;lra_
uf]tfdsf]6, ?s'd
hglxtsf nfuL hf/L ;Gb]z
u0ftGq lba;sf] ca;/df ;DdfggLo /fi6«klt 8f=
/fda/0f ofba Ho" af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbs af6
lae"lift x'g' ePsf]df ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L
e/ts'df/ zdf{nfO{ awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f} . ;fy} cfpFbf
lbgx?df klg pxfFsf] ?s'dsf] lasf; sfo{df ;w}+ of]ubfg
/lx/xf]; z'esfdgf ÛÛ
aL/axfb'/ dNn -cWoIf_
lakb Aoa:yfkg kqsf/ ;dfh,?s'd
wd{ / bfloTj klg . xf], of] ;fdflhs
bfloTj lgjf{xsf] kf6f]df dlxnf kqsf/
x¿sf] /fd|f] of]ubfg /xg ;S5 . x'gt
k'¿ifsf] cflwkTo /x]sf lj6x¿df dlxnf
kqsf/x¿n] cfˆgf] pkl:ylt / k|efj
b]vfpg ;s] eg] klg kqsfl/tfdf
dlxnfsf d'2fx¿, ltgsf ;/f]sf/x¿ /
hLjg sxfgLx¿ cnUu} lsl;dn] cfpg
;S5g . kqsfl/tfdf dlxnfsf] kl/efiff
km]l/g ;S5 . Pp6f dlxnf kqsf/sf] ;fdg]
y'k|} r'gf}tLx¿ cfpg] u5{g . ;a}eGbf
klxn] oxfF s'g}klg axfgf rNb}g . kqsfl/
tf k]zfdf hlxn] klg pkl:yt x'g' k5{ .
t/, hxfF r'gf}tL x'G5, ToxfF cj;/x¿
klg kSs} x'G5 . dlxnfsf ;jfnx¿nfO{
dlxnfsf] ;+j]bgf / Gofo;+ut lx;fjaf6
dlxnf kqsf/x¿n] g} p7fg ug{ ;Sg]
s'/fdf b'Odt 5}g . o;afx]s k'¿oif
k|wfgtf /x]sf cGo lj6x¿df klg
dlxnfn] Gofo ug{ ;S5g . vf]h /
cg';Gwfgd"ns If]q nufot ;fdflhs
d'2fx¿sf] ljZn]if0fdf klg dlxnf kqsf/
x¿ ToTlts} ;zQm x'g ;S5g . ;'dg
yfkfsf] zAbdf a'‰g] xf] eg], ;+rf/
dfWodx¿df a9bf] dlxnf kqsfl/tfsf]
¿rLnfO{ /fHon] Wofg lbg ;s]g eg]
dlxnf ljsf;df wSsf k'Ug] lglZrt 5 .
ljrf/, bz{g / l;4fGt hlt;'s} /fd|f]
ePklg To;nfO{ xfFSg] g]tfx¿df
/fhgLlts OdfGbf/L / /fhgLlts ;+:sf/
x'g h¿/L 5 . sfg'gdf dfq dlxnf xs
clwsf/x¿nfO{ ;Lldt /fVof] eg] dlxnf
ljsf; cToGt Go"g x'g]5 . ;+rf/ If]qdf
cufl8 a9]sf dlxnfx¿sf] ;'/IffnfO{
Wofgdf /fv]/ cem a9L dlxnfx¿nfO{
o; If]qdf k|j]z u/fpg' / pgLx¿nfO{
k|f]T;flxt ug'{ /fHon] ljz]if Wofg lbg'
clt h¿/L 5 .
-dw]z bk0f{ lkmr/ ;]jf _
g]kfn 6]lnsdn] l;Q}df df]afOnsf] ;Ld
lbg] ePsf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] cfkmgf] df]afOn
;]jfdf u|fxs la:tf/sf nflu P;Pn;Lsf]
kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf laBfyL{x?nfO{ l;Q}df
;Ldsf8{ lbg] of]hgf NofPsf] xf] . h;
cg';f/ P;Pn;L kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf
laBfyL{{x?n] 6]lnsdsf] b'O{ ;o ?k}+of
kg]{ hLP;Pd tyf ;L8LPdP df]afOnsf]
;Ld / /Ld l;Q}df kfpg] 5g . 6]lnsdn]
laBfyL{x?nfO{ b'O{ ;o kg]{ ;Ld Ps ;odf
lbg] atfPsf] 5 . h;df Ps;osf] g}
6s Eofn' x'G5 . laBfyL{n] ltg]{ /sd /
ldl8ofdf dlxnf============
6]lnsdn] P;Pn;L kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf laBfyL{x?nfO{ b'O{ ;o kg]{ ;Ld Ps ;odf lbg]
atfPsf] 5 . h;df Ps;osf] g} 6s Eofn' x'G5 . laBfyL{n] ltg]{ /sd / 6s Eofn'sf]
lx;fa ubf{ laBfyL{nfO{ ;Ldsf8{ r}+ l;Q}df ldN5 .
cfxf ;~rf/

6s Eofn'sf] lx;fa ubf{ laBfyL{nfO{
;Ldsf8{ r}+ l;Q}df ldN5 . laBfyL{x?n]
o;/L df]afOnsf] ;Ldsf8{ lngsf nflu
6]lnsdsf] ;Ldsf8{ lng cfjZos kg]{
cfj]bg kmd{sf ;fydf @)^( sf]
P;Pn;Ldf ;xeflu ePsf] k|j]zkqsf]
kmf]6f]skL a'´fpg' k5{ . laBfyL{x?;+u
gful/stf gePsf] v08df afa' jf
cfdfsf] gful/stfaf6 klg pgLx?nfO{
;Ldsf8{ lbg] 6]lnsdn] hgfPsf] 5 .
g]kfn 6]lnsdn] aflif{s ?kdf g}
laBfyL{x?nfO{ ;x'lnot / lgz'Ns ?kdf
df]afOnsf] ;Ldsf8{ lbg] u/]sf] 5 .
6]lnsdn] cfkmgf ;a} lat/0f s]Gb|af6
laBfyL{x?n] df]afOnsf] ;Ld tyf /Ldsf8{
lng ;Sg] hgfPsf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] o;/L
lgz'Ns ;Ld h]7 !^ ut] b]vL c;f/sf]
@% ut] ;Dddfq pknAw u/fpg] 6]lnsd
Jofkf/ Joj:yfkg ljefun] hgfPsf] 5 .
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3 aaha sanchar

  • 1. aif{ ! c+s # ?s'd @! h]7 @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 4 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.— /fli6«o ;fKtflxs …zflGt / ;d[l4sf] rfxf, ;dfrf/ / larf/df cfxfÚ cfxf ;~rf/www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com dfgl;s :jf:Yo cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd u0ftGq lba;sf] ca;/df ;DdfggLo /fi6«klt 8f= /fda/0f ofba Ho" af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbs af6 lae"lift x'g' ePsf]df ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{nfO{ awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f} . ;fy} cfpFbf lbgx?df klg pxfFsf] ?s'dsf] lasf; sfo{df ;w}+ of]ubfg /lx/xf]; z'esfdgf ÛÛ  vn+uf !, ?s'd w'|alaqmd a'9fyf]sL -:6]zg Dofg]h/_ ?s'dsf] pQ/k"a{sf Ps bh{g a9L ufla;sf :yflgo afl;Gbfx? of;f{u'Daf l6Kg lxdfnL If]q kf6glt/ nfu]kl5 ufpFx? ;'g;fg ePsf 5g . olx h]7 klxnf]]]] ;ftfaf6 lhNnfsf] /Gdfd}sf]6 l:yt k'kfn, h+unf / c/labf kf6gdf of;f{u'Daf l6Kgsf nflu v'Nnf ul/Pkl5 :yfgLo afl;Gbf kf6glt/ nfu]sf x'g . uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, hfª, x'sfd, /Gdfd}sf]6, ts;]/f, :ofnfvbL, dxt, sflqm, sf]n nufot bh{geGbf a9L ufla;sf a:tLx? vfnL ePsf 5g . oxfFsf :yflgo afl;Gbfx? of;f{ l;hgsf] z'? ePnut} 8]8 dlxgfsf nflu :yflgox? cfkmgf] 3/afF; 5f8]/ a'lskf6g hfg] ub{5g . dlxgf}sf nflu a:bf]a:tL ;fdfg lnP/ :yfgLo afl;Gbf a'lskf6gdf nfUg] ePkl5 clwsf+z uflj;sf afnaflnsf b]lv a[4a[4fx? ;d]t 3/df tfNrf nufP/ of;f{ l6Kg uPsf x'g . ;+sng If]qdf oltv]/ of;f{ l6Kg]x?sf] le8 g} nfu]sf] 5 . dWo / k"jL{ ?s'dsf ;a{;fwf/0f ?s'ds} /Gdfd}sf6sf] of;f{ If]qdf hfg ub{5g eg] klZrd ?s'd / hfh/sf]6sf ;a{;fwf/0f 8f]Nkf hfg] ub{5g . of;f{u'Daf af6 /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g] ePkl5 sfd 5f8]/ ;a} n]slt/ hfFbf lasf; lgdf0f{ b]lv cGo ;fdflhs sfdsfhx? ;d]t k|eflat ePsf] 5 . gofF ;+lawfg;efsf] r'gfasf nflu cfaZos kmf]6f] ;lxtsf] gfdjnL ;+sng tyf gful/stf k|bfg ug]{ ;lxtsf] Plss[t 3'DtL lzla/ ;d]t k|eflat ag]sf] 5 . lzla/ clxn] ufpFg} vfnL /x]sf] ca:yfdf ;+rfng ubf{ k|efasf/L gx'Fg] eGb} To; If]qsf nflu kl5 ;fl/Psf] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no ?s'dn] hgfPsf] 5 . To:t} of;f{ kfO{g] 7fpdf cTolws lr;f] tyf lxpF kf^g el/e/fp ufpF ;'g;fg afFsL # k]hdf cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd cf/f]lxnfO{ clegGbg cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd lhNnf l:yt ;+rf/sdL{ tyf /fhg}ltsbnsf nflu lalxaf/ dfgl;s :jf:Yo cled'lvs/0f ;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t dfgl;s :jf:Yo ;'wf/ tyf kx'Fr sfo{qmd cGt/ut o'gfO{6]8 ld;g 6" g]kfnsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf g]kfn hghfu/0f d~r ?s'dn] cled'lvs/0f sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf] . d~rsf] sfof{no ;Nn]df cfof]hgf ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf dfgl;s :jf:Yosf] cawf/0f, k|sf/, sfo{qmd ;+rfng ePsf ufla;x?, xfn;Ddsf] ca:yfsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . h;cg';f/ xfn lhNnfsf ltg ufla;x? vf/f, ?F3f / enfSrfdf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfngdf /x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . t/ lhNnfsf ltg ufla;x? dfq geO{ o:tf ;d:ofx? lhNnfe/L /x]sf] eGb} lhNnfsf ;a} ufla;x?df sfo{qmd la:tf/ ug'{kg]{ ;'emfa lbPsf lyP . laZj b]lv ?s'd lhNnf ;Dd o:tf k|s[ltsf /f]uLx? a9]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . lhNnfsf] ;Gbe{df klg ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf lbgfg'lbg o:tf /f]uLx? b]lvg] u/]sf] ePklg plrt Aoa:yfkg ug{ ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?n] ug{ g;s]sf] ;d]t atfPsf lyP . g]kfndf dfgl;s :jf:Yo ;aGwL @) b]lv @% k|ltzt o:tf k|sf/sf /f]uLx? /x]sf] tYof+s ;fa{hlgs ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddsf] ;xhLs/0f o'gfO{6]8 ld;g 6" g]kfnsf :jf:Yo clws[t s0f{ g]kfnL / d~rsf cWoIf zDe' lal;n] u/]sf lyP . dfgl;s c:jf:Yo eGgfn] s'g} klg AolQmsf] dgn] ug]{ laleGg sfdx? h:t} r]tgf, :kz{, efagfTds cg'e'lt tyf ;f]rfO{ cflbdf u8a8L x'g' xf] . To;sf/0f dfgl;s :jf:Yo /xg ;a} ;sf/fTds ;f]rfO{ tyf lasNkx?sf] vf]hL ug'{ / olb dfgl;s /f]usf] ;d:of b]lvPdf cfaZos :ofxf/;';f/ ug{ g} /fd|f] dflgg] atfO{Psf] 5 . cled'lvs/0f ?s'd lhNnfsf] l;:g] lxdfn cf/f]x0f ug]{ 6f]nLnfO{ clegGbg ul/Psf] 5 . klxnf] k6s l;:g] lxdfnsf] cf/f]x0f u/]sf] 6f]nLnfO{ zlgaf/ ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf clj/ cfj/0f, k'iku'R5f / vfbf cf]9fP/ clegGbg ul/Psf] xf] . ;u/dfyfsf] cf/f]x0f u/]sf ?s'd afFlkmsf]6sf dfgjxfb'/ vqL g]t[Tjsf] 6f]nLn] uPsf] !@ ut] cfOtaf/ a]n'sf % ah]/ !% ldg]6 hfFbf l;:g] lxdfnsf] ;kmn cf/f]x0f u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . h]i7 @ ut] ;b/d'sfd vn+ufaf6 afFlkmsf]6sf dfgjxfb'/ vqLsf] g]t[Tjdf yfnLPsf] ofqfdf afFlkmsf]6s} cnjxfb'/ vqL, s}nfnLsf w'a| lai6, uf]/vfsf d'gfn u'?ª, DofUbLsf lagfos dNn 7s'/L, h'Dnfsf cd[t las / uf]/vfsf ;'dg u'?ª / cd]l/sg gful/s nfOg Pnhf] /x]sf lyP . % xhf/ ( ;o !! ld6/ prfO{df /x]sf] l;:g] lxdfnsf] $ xhf/ @ ;o ld6/ prf/sf] :yfgdf a]z afFsL # k]hdf
  • 2. @@! h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ l;:g] cf/f]x0f ldl8ofdf dlxnfsf] pkl:ylt  lk|o+sf kf08] cfh ldl8ofsf] zlQmnfO{ c:jLsf/ ug{ ldNb}g . ldl8of hgefjgfnfO{ JoQm ug]{ ;zSt dfWod xf] . ;fy} ldl8ofn] j}lZjs b"/LnfO{ klg sd u/]sf] 5 . ldl8ofsf] b'a} dfWod On]S6«f]lgs / lk|G6sf] cfˆgf] vf; k|efj 5 . t/, cGo If]q h:t} ldl8ofdf klg dlxnfsdL{sf] ;dIf ljleGg r'gf}tLx¿ 5g . o;f] ePklg sltko ldl8ofdf vf;ul/ On]S6«f]lgs ldl8ofdf dlxnfx¿ sf] jr{:j al9/x]sf] 5 . g]kfndf dlxnf kqsf/ lgs} sd 5g . ;~rfl/sf gfds dlxnf kqsf/sf] u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfsf] tYof+sdf sl/a b'O{ ;o hgf 5g . Jofj;flos tyf ;lqmo ¿kdf kqsfl/tf ug]{ eg] hDdf &% hgf 5g . df]km;ndf ;a}eGbf a9L dlxnf kqsf/ ePsf k"jf{~rndf b'O{ aif{cl3 klxnf]k6s ;~rfl/sfsf] If]qLo ;ldlt u7g ul/of] . k"jf{~rn:t/Lo ;ldlt elgP klg ToxfF df]/ª, ;'/;/L / wgs'6fsf kqsf/ dlxnf dfq ;d]l6P . hals d]rL c~rnsf k|To]s lhNnfdf /fli6«o klqsfsf dlxnf ;+jfbbftf 5g . laxfg} p7]/ 3/sf] sfd ;s]kl5 xftdf lel8of] Sofd]/f / 8fo/L af]s]/ lngf u'¿ª xtf/ xtf/ lg:slG5g . b'O{ 5f]/f5f]/LsL cfdf lngf u'¿ªsf] b}lgsL o;/L g} ;'¿ x'G5 . /fhwfgLsf] Pp6f lghL 6]lnlehgdf ;+jfbbftfsf] ¿kdf sfd ug]{ pgL ;dfrf/ ;+sng dfq xf]Og, lel8of] klg cfkm}+ lvlR5g . kf]v/faf6 /fhwfgLsf] 6]lnlehgsf nflu Sofd]/f lvRg] / ;dfrf/ ;Dk|]lift ug]{ pgL kf]v/fsL PSnL dlxnf x'g . o;cl3 pgL :yfgLo lxdr'nL Pkm=Pd=sf nflu l/kf]l6{Ë / ;dfrf/ jfrg uly{g . t/ hab{:t sfo{Ifdtf / cfkm"nfO{ ;Ifd ;flat ug]{ Ifdtf x'Fbf klg pgsf] k|f]df]zg pk;Dkfbs cyjf jl/i7 l/kf]6{/;Dd dfq} ;Lldt x'G5 . Pp6f 7"nf] ;d:of cem} s] 5 eg] k|aGwsx¿åf/f dlxnfnfO{ 8]:s l/kf]l6{Ësf] of]Uo dflgb}+g. hals sltko o:tf pbfx/0fx¿ 5g hxfF l/kf]l6{Ësf] dfdnfdf dlxnf k'¿ifx¿eGbf /fd|f] ul5{g . On]S6«f]lgs ldl8ofsf] s'/f ubf{ tkfO{+ x]g{ ;Sg' x'G5 dlxnf Go"h l/8/x¿ g} ;dfrf/ kl9/x]sL x'lG5g . cfh dlxnf ldl8ofsdL{x¿ cfˆgf] Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df g]kfnL ldl8ofsf] ¿k ablng rfxlG5g t/ ldl8of cyjf egf}+ k|aGwg To;sf] cl:tTjnfO{ :jLsf/ ug{ ufx|f] dflg/x]5 . g]kfnL u0ftGqsf] ljleGg If]qx¿df dlxnfx¿sf] efuLbf/L x]bf{ ldl8ofsf] If]qdf clxn] cfP/ pgLx¿sf] ;+Vof ;Gtf]ifhgs eGg ;lsG5 . t/ of] ;+Vof /fhwfgLdf ck]Iffs[t cln /fd|f] 5 . df]km;ndf klg dlxnfx¿df kqsfl/tf If]qsf] nflu s]xL u¿+ of d klg of] r'gf}tLk"0f{ sfd u¿+ h:tf] efjgf cfO{/x]sf] pbfx/0fx¿ 5g h'g Pp6f ;'vb s'/f xf] . clxn] ldl8ofsf] x/]s c+u lk|G6 cyjf On]S6"f]lgs, Go"h ¿d cyf{t k|mG6nfO{gdf klg dlxnfx¿sf] / fd|f] pkl:ylt b]lvG5 . t/ ha ldl8ofsf] 7"nf] kbsf] s'/f ubf{ oxfF cln lg/fzfhgs l:ylt g} x'G5 . On]S6"f]lgs ldl8ofsf] s'/ f ubf{ clxn] Pp6f klg 7"nf] b}lgs cvaf/sf] ;Dkfbsdf Pp6f klg dlxnf k'Ug ;s]sL 5}gg . cfwfeGbf a9L hg;+Vof ePsf] b]zdf 7"nf] cvaf/df ;Dkfbssf] lhDd]jf/L ;DefNg dlxnf ;Ifd geP/ xf]O{g a¿ k'¿ifx¿sf] cyf{t k|aGwgsf] ;f]rsf] bl/b|tfn] ubf{ clxn];Dd of] ;Dej e};s]sf] 5}g . clxn] ;/;lt x]{bf{ kqsfl/tf If]qdf k|sflzt x'g] $# j6f /fli6«o b}lgs klqsfdf dlxnf ;Dkfbs /x]sf 5}gg . ljB'tLo ;+rf/ dfWod, l6eL Rofgn / Pkm=Pd=x¿sf] k|d'v kbx¿df klg dlxnfnfO{ lhDd]jf/L lbOPsf] 5}g . @))& ;fnkl5sf] ljsf;qmdnfO{ x]bf{ dlxnfnfO{ nlIft u/L k|sfzg ul/Psf] kqklqsfx¿ cToGt sd 5g . dlxnf ;Dkfbsåf/f lgsflnPsf] klxnf] klqsf …dlxnfÚ g} lyof] . of] klqsf @))* ;fndf ;xfgf k|wfg tyf sfdIfb]jLåf/f k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] . o;sf] Ps c+skl5 c¿ k|sflzt x'g ;s]g . To;kl5sf] dlxnf ;Dkfbsåf/f klqsf …:jf:gLdfG5]Ú k|sfzg z'¿ eof] . of] klqsf @)@$ ;fn;Dd dfq k|sflzt eof] / kl5 aGb eof] . o;/L dlxnf ;Dkfbsaf6 s]xL klqsfx¿ lg:sg] k|of; eP klg Tof] lbuf] x'g ;s]g / xfn s]xL ;fKtflxs klqsfx¿ dlxnf ;Dkfbsåf/f k|sflzt ePklg / fli6«o b}lgsx¿df dlxnf ;Dkfbs gx'g'df dlxnfk|ltsf] cljZjf; g} d'Vo /x]sf] 5 . cfh klg ;';+:s[ltsf] ljsf; eOg;Sg' clg xfd|f] ;dfhdf k'¿if k|wfg dfGotfn] h/f] ufl8/fVg' cflb sf/0fn] ubf{ g} dlxnf :jtGqtf / dlxnfsf] d'Vo e"ldsfnfO{ x]o b[li6n] x]g]{ k|rng a;]sf] xf], h;sf] k|efj kqsfl/tf If]qdf klg kl//x]sf] 5 . g]kfnL ldl8of If]qdf klxnf] k6s ;Dkfbssf e"ldsfdf b]lvPsL ;fwgf clwsf/Lb]vL …j]e DofuflhgÚ sL ;Dkfbs ¿lagf bQ;Dd klg dlxnf kqsf/sf] pkl:ylt / k|efj lrQ a'‰bf] u/L ;'w|]sf] kfO{bF}g . cfh klg kqsfl/tf k]zfsf] pRr :yfgdf k'¿ifs} k|wfgtf kfO{G5 rfx] Tof] ;DkfbsLo xf]; jf cGo kqsf/Ltf . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sL pkfWoIf ozf]bf ltldlN;gf ;du| dlxnf kqsf/ x¿sL uf}/jdoL k|ltlglw kfq x'g . k|yd ;dfrf/ jflrsf /df l;+x cfh klg hgdfg;df plQs} lk|o l5g . /]l8of] kqsfl/tfdf d06]Zj/L /fhe08f/L Pp6f :yflkt gfd xf] . /]l8of] g]kfnsL ;jf{lws nf]slk|o ;dfrf/jflrsf sf]dn jnL sf] æof] /]l8of] g]kfn xf]Æ sf] cfjfh ;'Gg cfhklg ;}of}+sf] ;+Vofdf ;|f]tfx¿ /]l8of] g]kfn 6o"g ug]{ u5{g . 6]lnlehg sfo{qmdx¿dfkm{t cfjfh ljxLgx¿sf] cfjfh ;'gfpg k|oTgzLn cf/tL r6f}t dlxnf, ckfªutf ePsf JolQm nufotsf ju{x¿df lk|o l5g . snf, ;flxTo, :jf:Yo / ;+:s[ltsf ljljw kIfx¿nfO{ /]l8of] sfo{qmddfkm{t phfu/ ug]{ l;lNeof /fhf]kfWofo g]kfn efifLx¿ df´df rlr{t l5g . oBlk ;du|df g]kfnL ldl8ofdf dlxnf kqsf/sf] e"ldsf ck]Iffs[t sdhf]/ 5 . /]l8of] l6lesf cf/h] / eLh]x¿nfO{ lng] xf] eg] dgf]/~hgfTds kf6f]df dlxnf pkl:ylt pNn]Vo 5 . clt sd tyf clgoldt kfl/ >lds, Hofb} ;a]/ jf ca]/ ;Ddsf] sfo{ ug'{kg]{ afWotf / Hofg} ;d]t u'dfpg ;lsg] lsl;dsf r'gf}tLx¿ of] k];fdf 5g . lgofn]/ x]g]{ xf] eg] of] eGbf hf]lvdk"0f{ / sl7g w]/} sfddf dlxnfx¿sf] ;xeflutf b]lvG5 . t}klg Pp6f ;Lldt cjlwkl5 kfl/jfl/s lhDd]jf/L jf /fd|f] cj;/ eGb} dlxnf kqsf/x¿ knfog x'g] u/]sf] oyfy{ g]kfnL kqsfl/tf hutdf ljBdfg 5 . ;kmn kqsf/ x'gsf nflu d'vk[i7d} ;dfrf/ cfpg'k5{ eGg] 5}g . /fhgLlts jf ;g;gLk"0f{ va/ lbg' dfq kqsf/sf] sfd xf]Og . Psflt/ kqsf/n] dfgjtf, dfgj clwsf/ / cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGwx¿sf] ;Ddfg ug'{ kb{5 eg] csf{lt/ kqsf/sf sfFwdf ;dfh ¿kfGt/ 0fsf] ;fdflhs bfloTj klg x'G5g . ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿, c;xfo, czSt, dlxnf, afnaflnsf / k5fl8 kfl/ Psf ju{sf] pTyfg / ljsf;tkm{ ;xof]u k'Ug] vfnsf ;"rgf / ljrf/x¿ k|jfx ug'{ kqsf/sf] afFsL $ k]hdf ?s'd dfq geP/ dWoklZrd g]kfnsf] lz/sf] ?kdf :yflkt l;:g] lxdfn klxnf] k6s c/f]x0f ul/Psf] atfO{Psf] 5, To;sf/0f klg cfxf ;~rf/sf] tkm{af6 dgaxfb'/ vqL nufot pxfFx?sf] l6dnfO{ w]/} w]/} awfO{ 1fkg ug{ rfxfG5f} . To:t} gful/s If]qaf6 dgdgn] va/ ;'Gg]lalQs} lbPklg cf}krfl/s ?s'ddf zlgaf/ ?s'dsf] a/fx6fs'/fdf Ps cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/ gful/s clegGbg ul/Psf] 5 Tof] g} pxfFx?sf nflu ;Rrf ;Ddfg xf] eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . Ps ?s'd]nL 5f]/fsf] g]t[Tjdf ?s'ds} lz/ l;:g] lxdfnsf] c/f]xg ug'{ rfgr'g] laifo lyPg . hLjgnfO{ xTs]nfdf /fv]/ ul/Psf] of] ;+3if{, cfF6 / ;xf; ct'nlgo x'g cfp5 . To;}n] xf]nf c/f]xg 6f]nLnfO{ clegGbg ug{ lhNnf l:yt ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf] t ;lqmo ;xeflutf lyof] g} k'a{ :jf:Yo dGqL nf]sGb| lai6 ;d]t ?s'ddf cfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ;a} cltly tyf cf/f]lx ;d'xsf g]t[Tj tyf ;b:ox?n] ?s'dsf csf]{ ko{6gsf] 9f]sf vf]lnPsf] pb3f]if u/] . xf] ;fFRrLs} l;:g] cf/f]xg ;u} ?s'dsf gofF ko{6gsf] dfu{ v'n]sf] t 5 t/ r'gf}lt klg Tolts} xfdL sxfF cfPsf] 5 . l;:g] lxdfn klxnf] cf/f]xg ePsf] va/ aflxl/;u} lxdfn cf/f]xg tyf ko{6gdf ?rL /fVg] dflg;x?sf] cfFvf klg tfgLPsf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f ;u/dfyf h:t} l;:g] lxdfndf cfpFbf lbgx?df cf/f]xg ug]{x?sf] nsf]{ gnfUnf eGg ;lsb}g . t/ ?s'dsf To; cg';f/sf] k'a{tof/L / dfkb08 alnof] ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?n] agfPsf] b]lvb}g . h;df l;:g] lxdfn c/f]xgsf nflu v'Nnf t ul/Psf] t 5 t/ cf/f]xg z'Ns, cf/f]xgsf nfuL ul/g] lgu/fgL nufotsf laifodf l566} ;f]Rg h?/L 5 . h:tf] l;:g] lxdfnsf] r'r'/f]df k'u]/ ;kmn cf/f]xg eof] ePg, cfwf/ lzla/df k'u]/ ;kmn cf/f]xgsf] k|rf/ kf] ul/of]sL . ;kmn cf/f]xg u/]sf] cflwsfl/stf s] x'g], cfkm'n] cfkm}nfO{ ;kmn cf/f]xg eof] eGb}df gful/s tyf ;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] kTofO{ xfNg] sL of s] ug]{ lo ;a} dxTjk'0f{ kIfx? x'g . To;sf/0f ca xfdL ;fd' kl5Nnf lbgx?df oL dflysf w]/} r'gf}ltx? cufl8 cfPsf 5g . h;sf nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo / tkfO{ xfdL ;a} ldn]/ o; ;DaGwL :ki6 dfkb08 agfpg' h?/L b]lvG5 . / casf] dfkb08 ;xsdL{ ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf ;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf k|sfzg ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy} klqsf lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf ;d]t AoQm ub{5' . sdn yfkf -cWoIf_ g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3,?s'd
  • 3. # @! h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ ;d'bfo c+s kq sfo{qmd z'? ufFp ;'g;fg== cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd SofDk :yfkgf u/]/ cf/f]x0f ofqf cuf8L a9fPsf] pgLx?sf] egfO{ /x]sf] 5 . clegGbg sfo{qmddf k'j{ ko{6g tyf gful/s p8og dGqL Pj+ Plss[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf g]tf nf]s]Gb| lai6, k'j{ /fHo dGqL uf]kfnhL hªu zfx, :yfgLo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ ;lxt lhNnf l:yt /fhg}lts bnsf k|dv tyf k|ltlgwL, ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo tyf ;a{;fw/0fx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . ?s'd pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3, cfly{s ;xof]u ;ldlt ?s'd tyf sf7df08f}+, xf]6]n Joj;foL ;+3, lgdf{0f Joj;foL ;+3 / /]l8of] ;fgLe]/Ln] ;+o'St ?kdf clegGbg sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf x'g . /fKtL sl/8f]/df kg]{ ?s'd / ;Nofgdf !% ufla;x?df ;fa{hlgs ;]jfsf] k|efasf/Ltfsf] nflu ;d'bfo c+skq sfo{qmd ;+rfng ul/g] ePsf] 5 . ;b/d'sf d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf Ps cled'vLs/0f sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/ o:tf] hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] xf] . laZa a}+s l;O{l;cfO{ sf] k|f0f sfo{qmdsf] ;xof]udf dfga clwsf/ ;+/If0f tyf sfgL ;]jf s]Gb| -x/Kn];_ ?s'dn] sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . h; cGt/ut sfo{qmd ?s'dsf vf/f, d'?, ?3Ff, enfSrf / vn+uff / ;Nofgsf vn+uf, 8fF8fufpF, l;4]Zj/L, yf/df/], lza/y, :ofgLvfn, sh]/L, afemFsf8f, lkkng]6f, / 9fFsf8fd ufla;x?df ;+rfng x'g] hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] 5 . c+skq dfkm{t :yflgo lgsfox?df u'0f:t/ clea[l4 ug]{ pb]Zo lnPsf] sfo{qmd l8;]Da/ @)!# ;Dd ;+rfng x'g]5 . cled'vLsf/0f, tof/L / k|f/DeLs sfo{, >f]t cfFsng, sfo{ ;dkfbg c+s tflnsf, ;]jf k|bfossf] :jMd'NofFsg, cfdg];fdg] a}7s tyf sfo{of]hgf th'{df / gful/s cg'udg kl/of]hgf ;+rfngsf lalwx? /xg]5g . To:t} ;"rgf ;fdfu|L pKkfbg / lat/0f, ldl8of kl/rfng ul/g] sfo{qmddf ;fa{hlgs ;]jfdf hgtfx?n] s] slt ;]jf kfP To;sf] cfwf/df c+s k|bfg ul/g] 5 . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] :yflgo lgsfodf hgk|ltlgwLx? geO{/x]sf] ca:yfdf o:tf sfo{qmdx? k|efasf/L x'g] atfP . æ;]jf k|bfosaf6 hgtfn] s] slt ;]jf kfP t 5b}5, of]hgf k|s[ofut eof] ePg Tof] klg x]g{ h?/L 5Æ pgn] eg], æ;a{k|yd ?s'dsf nfuL of] gofF sfo{qmd ePsf sf/0f ;d'bfox?nfO{ a9L a'emfpg'kg]{ b]lvG5 .Æ pgn] cGo ;fa{hlgs ;]jf k|afxsf] c+s ;u} clxn] kSsL lgdf{0flwg /fKtL nf]sdfu{sf] klg cg'ud0f ug'{ h?/L /x]sf] atfP . lhNnfl:yt ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfx? /x]sf] sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] o:tf sfo{qmd lhNnfsf b'O{rf/ ufla;x?df dfq geO{ ;a} ufla;x?df ;+rfng ubf{ /fd|f] x'g] atfPsf lyP . ;fdflhs hafkmb]lxtf cEof;stf{ lai0f' kf]v|]nn] ;xhLs/0f u/ ]sf] sfo{qmdsf] cWoIftf x/Kn];sf cWoIf nlnt a'9fn] u/]sf lyP . w]/} dfqfdf x'g] u/]sf]n] klg hf]lvd klg Tolts} /x]sf] 5 . ;+sng ug{ uPsf a'9fa'l9 tyf ;fgf pd]/sf afnaflnsfsf] lr;f]sf sf/0f d[To' ;d]t x'g] u/]sf] 5 . o;}lar of;f{u'Djfsf] df};d ;'? eP;u} ?s'dsf k"jL{ uflj;sf b'O{ bh{geGbf a9L laBfno ;d]t aGb ePsf 5g . laBfnox? aGb u/]/ laBfyL{ ;lxt lzIfs klg of;f{ l6Kg uPsf sf/0f laBfnox? aGb ePsf x'g . ptf of;f{ ;+sng :yndf s/f]8f}+sf] sf/f]af/ x'g] u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . vl/bsf nflu lhNnf:t/Lo tyf /fhwfgL sf7df08f} cf/f]lx===== ;8saf6} bfn, rfdn cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd ufpF3/df s]lx sfd gkfP/ ef/tsf] sflnkxf8 b]lv vfl8 d'n'sdf /f]huf/Lsf nflu hfg] lhNnfsf s]lx ufla;sf :yflgoafl;Gbfx? clxn] sfdsf nflu vfBfGg sfo{qmddf ;lqmo ;xeflu 5g . lab]l;bf aif{df Psk6s bz}ltxf/df dfq 3/ kms{g] pgLx? clxn] kl/jf/;u} al;al; sfddf ;lqmo ePsf 5g . laZj vfB sfo{qmd / g]kfn ;/ sf/, ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo lasf; dGqfnosf] ;+o'Qm cfly{s ;xof]u tyf dgx/L lasf; ;+:yf g]kfnsf] k|flalws ;xof]udf sfdsf nfuL vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;+rfng ePkl5 :yflgox? o;tkm{ nfu]sf x'g . h;cGt/ut lhNnfsf * uflj;df !) of]hgfx? ;+rfngdf 5g . lhNnfsf k'lt{dsFf8f, u/fonf, cf7lj;8f8fufpF, cf7la;sf]6, sf]n, ts;]/fdf u|fdL0f ;8s tyf cf7lj;sf]6, uf]tfdsf]6 / :ofnfvbL ufla;df 3f]8]6f] af6f] lgdf0f{ sfo{qmd /x]sf x'g . To:t} cf7lj;8f8fufpF l;dahf/ cf;kf; If]qdf glb lgoGq0f t6aGw sfo{qmd ;+rfngdf 5 . 3f/]6f]af6f] lgdf0f{ sfo{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 eg] ;8s lgdf0f{ clGtd r/0fdf /x]sfn] c;f/sf] klxnf] ;ftf;Dd k'/f x'g] dgx/L lasf; ;+:yfsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs O{lGhgLo/ k|sfz ;fksf]6fn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ glb t6aGw ;lxt afFsL ;8s lgdf0f{ sfo{ eg] hf/L /x]sf] 5 . æcfof]hgfdf sfd u/] dfkm{t Ps :yflgo sfdbf/n] Ps lbgsf] rf/ lsnf] rfdn / cfwf s]hL bfn kfpg] u/]sf 5gÆ O{lGhgLo/ ;fksf]6fn] eg], æsl/a !* ;o 3/w'/L ;xefuL pQm cfof]hgfsf nfuL # ;o ^) d]l6«s6g rfdn / $% d]l6«s6g bfn lat/0f ul/g] 5 .Æ vfWofGg ;d:of x'g] pQm If]qdf sfdsf nflu vfWofGg sfo{qmd ;+rfng uPkl5 ToxfFsf :yflgo afl;Gbfx? v'l; ePsf] atfO{Psf] 5 . gb'jf 7'nf]afs'{ ufO{/L ufla;ejg u|fldg ;8s pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf vDd' s';f/Lsf cg';f/ /f]huf/Lsf nfuL lab]zLn] oxfFsf afl;Gbfx?sf] nflu o; sfo{qmd lgs} k|efasf/L ePsf] atfP . ævfWofGgdf ;d:of x'g] If]qdf cfof]hgf dfkm{t sfd u/]/ bfn rfdn lng yfn]kl5 ;d:of 6/]sf] 5Æ pgn] eg] . u|fldg ;8s lgdf0f{ k'/f ePdf :yflgonfO{ cfjthfjtdf ;lhnf] ePsf] 5 eg] pTkflbt s[lif pkh a:t'x? ahf/ ;Dd 9'jfgL ug{ ;xhtf x'g]5 . ufpFd} /f]huf/ tyf vfWofGg kfpg] o:tf sfo{qmdx? cfufdL lbgx?df klg ;+rfng ug{ :yflgox?n] cg'/f]w u/]sf 5g . o;}lar olx cfof]hgf dWo cf7lj;8f8fufpFsf] gb'jf 7'nLafv'{ uf]O/L uflj; ejg u|fld0f ;8s of]hgfsf] cg'udg ul/Psf] 5 . cfof]hgfsf] olx h]7 * ut] If]qLo tyf lhNnf:t/Lo 6f]lnn] cg'udg u/]sf] nufotsf 7fpFx?af6 ;d]t Aofkf/Lx? ;+sng :yndf k'Ug] u/]sf 5g . of;f{u'Daf l;hg Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;lrj e/ts'df/ k'g du/sf cg';f/ o;k6s of;f{ l6Kg] hfg] ;a{;fw/0fnfO{ kGw| ;o / of;f{sf] Aofkf/ ug]{ Aofkf/Lx?nfO{ Jofkf/L cg'dlt z'Ns kGw| xhf/ tfs]sf] 5 . ut aif{x?sf] eGbf o;aif{ of;f{ l6Kg] ;a{;fw/0f tyf Jofkf/Lx?nfO{ nufpb} cfPsf] z'Nsdf a[l4 u/]sf] xf] . ut aif{ ;a{;fw/0fnfO{ Ps xhf/ / Jofkf/LnfO{ bz xhf/ z'Ns tf]s]sf] lyof] . of;f{ l6Kg] :yfgdf rf]/Ln'6kft tyf ck/flws 36gfx? klg Tolts} x'g] u/]sf 5g . atfO{Psf] 5 . cg'udg 6f]nLdf 8ANo"=Pkm=lk sf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs lrhf e08f/L, dgx/L lasf; ;+:yf g]kfnsf dlg6l/ª clkm;/ lagf]b zdf{ / lhNnf lasf; ;ldltsf] tkm{af6 sfo{qmd clws[t lrGtfd0fL bfxfn, lhNnf k|zf;g sfo{nosf tf/fk|;fb zdf{, cf/=;L=cfO{=8ANo"sf ;lGha rf}w/L, sflGtk'/ b}lgssf ;+jfbbftf s[i0fk|;fb uf}td / dgx/L lasf; ;+:yfsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs O{lGhgLo/ k|sfz ;fksf]6f nufotsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . oxfFsf ;fd'bflos agx?n] of;f{u'Djf ;+snsjf6 k|j]z z'Ns af6 em08} tLg s/f]8 ?k}ofF ;+sng u/]sf 5g . lhNnfsf ljleGg ufFpljsf; ;ldtL / lhNnf aflx/ af6 cfPsf hgtfx?af6 jg pkef]Qmf ;ldltx?n] k|j]z z'Ns afkmt @ y/L z'Ns lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . lhNNff leqsf ;+snssf nfuL % ;o / aflx/L lhNnfsf ;+snssf nfuL ? !! ;o ?k}ofF tf]lsPsf] k|d'v lhNNff clwsf/L lbns'df/ tfdfª atfP . xfn ;Dd 8f]Nkfsf laleGg kf6gx?df #% xhf/ a/fj/sf] ;+Vofdf ;+sng /x]sf] ;d]t pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . hfh/sf]6, ?s'd, ;Nofg, h'Dnf, x'Dnf, d'u' / /f]Nkf nufPsf lhNnfsf ;a{;fw/0fx? oxfF of;f{u'Djf ;+sngsf nfuL cfpg] ub{5g . lhNnfsf ;fO{s'j/L, ?kkf6g, ;fu/, sfudf/f, 6fu6'u], dfn'jfrf}/, :ofntfu, Kof/Lu'kmf / kf/Ljg nufPtsf @ bh{g If]qdf of;f{u'Djf kfO{g] ub{5 . Pp6f of;f{u'Djf ? $ ;o b]vL ^ ;o ;Ddsf] b/df laqmL u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . o;}lar ;+sngsf qmddf # hgfsf] n]s nfu]/ d'To" ePsf] 5 . o; k6s ;]kmf]S;'08f] /fli6«o lgs'Gh If]qdf eg] of;f{u'Djf ;+sng ug{ k|ltjGb nufPsf] 5 . k|ltjGb nufPsf If]qleq k|j]zsf nfuL sfl6Psf] em08} @) nfv ?k}of lkmtf{ ul/Psf] 5 . lgs'Gh If]q leq kmf]S;'08f], ;fntfu, luh]/, wf], /x, lqk'/fsf]6, kxf/f, l6dL / sfO{ufFp u/L ^ ufla;df k|ltaGb nufPsf] 5 . k|a]z z'Ns af6 x]dGt s];L  hfh/sf]6 # s/f]8 ;8s cfof]hgfsf] cg'udg ub{}
  • 4.  ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka ca lng'xf]; l;Q}df l;d cfsif{s ;fO{gaf]8{, xf]l8ªaf]8{ tyf Aofg/ n]vgsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf]; . vn+uf %, lkkng]6f ?s'd df]=(*$&(#@%^^ ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no hGd, d[To",a;fO{;/fO{ / laafxbtf{ nufotsf cGo s'g}klg 36gfx? #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf uO{ btf{ ug]{ afgL a;fnf}+ . wgla/ s];L -ufla; ;lra_ uf]tfdsf]6, ?s'd hglxtsf nfuL hf/L ;Gb]z u0ftGq lba;sf] ca;/df ;DdfggLo /fi6«klt 8f= /fda/0f ofba Ho" af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbs af6 lae"lift x'g' ePsf]df ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{nfO{ awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f} . ;fy} cfpFbf lbgx?df klg pxfFsf] ?s'dsf] lasf; sfo{df ;w}+ of]ubfg /lx/xf]; z'esfdgf ÛÛ aL/axfb'/ dNn -cWoIf_ lakb Aoa:yfkg kqsf/ ;dfh,?s'd wd{ / bfloTj klg . xf], of] ;fdflhs bfloTj lgjf{xsf] kf6f]df dlxnf kqsf/ x¿sf] /fd|f] of]ubfg /xg ;S5 . x'gt k'¿ifsf] cflwkTo /x]sf lj6x¿df dlxnf kqsf/x¿n] cfˆgf] pkl:ylt / k|efj b]vfpg ;s] eg] klg kqsfl/tfdf dlxnfsf d'2fx¿, ltgsf ;/f]sf/x¿ / hLjg sxfgLx¿ cnUu} lsl;dn] cfpg ;S5g . kqsfl/tfdf dlxnfsf] kl/efiff km]l/g ;S5 . Pp6f dlxnf kqsf/sf] ;fdg] y'k|} r'gf}tLx¿ cfpg] u5{g . ;a}eGbf klxn] oxfF s'g}klg axfgf rNb}g . kqsfl/ tf k]zfdf hlxn] klg pkl:yt x'g' k5{ . t/, hxfF r'gf}tL x'G5, ToxfF cj;/x¿ klg kSs} x'G5 . dlxnfsf ;jfnx¿nfO{ dlxnfsf] ;+j]bgf / Gofo;+ut lx;fjaf6 dlxnf kqsf/x¿n] g} p7fg ug{ ;Sg] s'/fdf b'Odt 5}g . o;afx]s k'¿oif k|wfgtf /x]sf cGo lj6x¿df klg dlxnfn] Gofo ug{ ;S5g . vf]h / cg';Gwfgd"ns If]q nufot ;fdflhs d'2fx¿sf] ljZn]if0fdf klg dlxnf kqsf/ x¿ ToTlts} ;zQm x'g ;S5g . ;'dg yfkfsf] zAbdf a'‰g] xf] eg], ;+rf/ dfWodx¿df a9bf] dlxnf kqsfl/tfsf] ¿rLnfO{ /fHon] Wofg lbg ;s]g eg] dlxnf ljsf;df wSsf k'Ug] lglZrt 5 . ljrf/, bz{g / l;4fGt hlt;'s} /fd|f] ePklg To;nfO{ xfFSg] g]tfx¿df /fhgLlts OdfGbf/L / /fhgLlts ;+:sf/ x'g h¿/L 5 . sfg'gdf dfq dlxnf xs clwsf/x¿nfO{ ;Lldt /fVof] eg] dlxnf ljsf; cToGt Go"g x'g]5 . ;+rf/ If]qdf cufl8 a9]sf dlxnfx¿sf] ;'/IffnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ cem a9L dlxnfx¿nfO{ o; If]qdf k|j]z u/fpg' / pgLx¿nfO{ k|f]T;flxt ug'{ /fHon] ljz]if Wofg lbg' clt h¿/L 5 . -dw]z bk0f{ lkmr/ ;]jf _ g]kfn 6]lnsdn] l;Q}df df]afOnsf] ;Ld lbg] ePsf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] cfkmgf] df]afOn ;]jfdf u|fxs la:tf/sf nflu P;Pn;Lsf] kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf laBfyL{x?nfO{ l;Q}df ;Ldsf8{ lbg] of]hgf NofPsf] xf] . h; cg';f/ P;Pn;L kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf laBfyL{{x?n] 6]lnsdsf] b'O{ ;o ?k}+of kg]{ hLP;Pd tyf ;L8LPdP df]afOnsf] ;Ld / /Ld l;Q}df kfpg] 5g . 6]lnsdn] laBfyL{x?nfO{ b'O{ ;o kg]{ ;Ld Ps ;odf lbg] atfPsf] 5 . h;df Ps;osf] g} 6s Eofn' x'G5 . laBfyL{n] ltg]{ /sd / ldl8ofdf dlxnf============ 6]lnsdn] P;Pn;L kl/Iff lbP/ a;]sf laBfyL{x?nfO{ b'O{ ;o kg]{ ;Ld Ps ;odf lbg] atfPsf] 5 . h;df Ps;osf] g} 6s Eofn' x'G5 . laBfyL{n] ltg]{ /sd / 6s Eofn'sf] lx;fa ubf{ laBfyL{nfO{ ;Ldsf8{ r}+ l;Q}df ldN5 . cfxf ;~rf/  6s Eofn'sf] lx;fa ubf{ laBfyL{nfO{ ;Ldsf8{ r}+ l;Q}df ldN5 . laBfyL{x?n] o;/L df]afOnsf] ;Ldsf8{ lngsf nflu 6]lnsdsf] ;Ldsf8{ lng cfjZos kg]{ cfj]bg kmd{sf ;fydf @)^( sf] P;Pn;Ldf ;xeflu ePsf] k|j]zkqsf] kmf]6f]skL a'´fpg' k5{ . laBfyL{x?;+u gful/stf gePsf] v08df afa' jf cfdfsf] gful/stfaf6 klg pgLx?nfO{ ;Ldsf8{ lbg] 6]lnsdn] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfn 6]lnsdn] aflif{s ?kdf g} laBfyL{x?nfO{ ;x'lnot / lgz'Ns ?kdf df]afOnsf] ;Ldsf8{ lbg] u/]sf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] cfkmgf ;a} lat/0f s]Gb|af6 laBfyL{x?n] df]afOnsf] ;Ld tyf /Ldsf8{ lng ;Sg] hgfPsf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] o;/L lgz'Ns ;Ld h]7 !^ ut] b]vL c;f/sf] @% ut] ;Dddfq pknAw u/fpg] 6]lnsd Jofkf/ Joj:yfkg ljefun] hgfPsf] 5 . -;|f]tM b'/;~rf/ 86sd_