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aif{ ! c+s & ?s'd !* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 2 Jul 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.—
www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com
…o; k6ssf] P;Pn;Ldf
;a}sf] sdhf]/L eof], ;'wf/f}+Ú
sfG5f] kqsf/Ltf cgnfOg
?s'ddf klg
lbj; dgfO{of]
afns[i0f zdf{
 sf7df08f}
cfxf ;~rf/ 8]:s

lhNnfsf] ;d;fdlos lasf;
lgdf{0fsf] ca:yfsf af/]df
?s'dsf :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{;+u
ul/Psf] s'/fsfgL k[i7 # df
4G4kl5 ?s'dn]
lasf;df
km8sf] df/]sf]
5
g]kfndf ;g !((% df ds{G6fOnn] ;fpy
Pl;of 86sdsf] gfdaf6 klxnf] k6s
cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfsf] ;'?jft u/]sf] lyof]
. cgnfOg kqsfl/tf ;'? ePsf] sl/a
b'O{ bzs k'Ubf;Dd o;nfO{ Aojl:yt
ug{ g /fHosf] Wofg k'Uof], g t kqsf/s}
;+3;+:yfsf] . t/ cgnfOgdf ;dfrf/
n]v]s} cf/f]kdf kqsf/ ;'lzn kGt kqmfp
k/]kl5 eg] cgnfOg kqsfl/tfdf gofF
ax; z'? ePsf] 5 . cgnfOg ldl8of
P;f]l;P;gsf] tYofªsdf g]kfnL efiffsf
;dfrf/d"ns ^! / c+u|]hL efiffsf
Psbh{g cgnfOg 5g . t/ c?
ldl8ofh:tf] btf{ k|lqmof gx'bf slt
cgnfOg ldl8of 5g / ltgnfO{ s;/L
cg'udg ug]{ eGg] g]kfn k|]; sfplG;nsf
cWoIf af]0f{axfb'/ sfsL{ ;d]t cGof}ntf
b]v]sf 5g . ToxL ax;df kqsf/ dxf;+3
klg km;]sf] 5 . To;f] t dxf;+3n] klg
l8lh6n ldl8of ;ldlt t agfPsf] 5 .
t/ of] ;ldltn] klg OG6/g]6df ;dfrf/
;Dk|]if0f ug]{ dfWod slt 5g eGg]
tYofªs p;+u ;d]t 5}g . g]kfndf
;a}eGbf sfG5f] kqsf/Ltfsf] ?kdf ;'?
ePs]f cgnfOg kqsf/Ltf hlt km:6fpb}
uPsf] 5 Tolt plrt lgod / sfg'gsf]
Aoj:yf gx'bf Tolt g} cfnf]lrt x'g]
u/]sf 5g . cgnfOg dfq xf]Og km];a's
6jL6/ tyf Od]n OG6/g]6df /fVb} cfPsf
;fdfu|Ldf cj k|x/Ln] ;d]t pRr
;t{stf ckgfpg yfn]sf] 5 . clxn]
ljleGg ;fdflhs ;~hfndfkm{t x'g]
b'?kof]u / ck/fwnfO{ k|x/Ln] ;fOa/
qmfOd cg';f/ sf/afxL k|lqmof rnfpF5
. t/ klg ;dfrf/d"ns cgnfOg ldl8of
tyf laB'tLo ;~rf/ dfWoddfnfO{ vf;
lgu/fgL ePsf] lyPg . t/ ;/sf/n] s'g}
klg k|lqmofaf6 cgnfOg ldl8ofnfO{ gh/
cGbfh u/]sf] klg lyPg . t/ kl5Nnf]
;do cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfdf km/s ax;
z'? ePsf] 5 . h;n] s]xL ;'wf/sf] ax;
k}bf ul/lbPsf] 5 . ;a}sf] xft xftdf
df]jfOn Nofk6k nufPsf 3/ 3/df
sDo'6/ OG6/g]6sf] ;'?jft ePsf] 5
To;n] ;a} ;a{;fwf/0fsf] ;'rgf kfpg]
clwsf/sf] ;d]t ;'lglZrttf u/]sf] 5
afFsL # k[i7df
-cf;;_ a'waf/ nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/
lj?4sf] cGt{/fli6«o lbj; ?s'ddf klg
ljleGg sfo{qmd u/L dgfOPsf] 5 .
lhNnf o'jf ;dGjo ;ldltsf]
cfof]hgfdf ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf ¥ofnL
tyf k|arg sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L
lbj; dgfOPsf] xf] . lbj;sf] cj;/df
cfof]lht sfo{qmddf af]Ng] aQfx?n]
nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/ lj?4 ;j} ;r]t
aGg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf 5g . dflg;sf]
:jf:Yodf uDeL/ c;/ kg]{ nfu' cf}ifw
k|of]unfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;j}sf] Pstf
cfjZos kg]{df aQfx?sf] egfO{ lyof]
. sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v cltly k|d'v
lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0f k|;fb clwsf/Ln]
nfu' kbfy{ cf];f/k;f/ sfo{df ;+nUg
x'g' cfkmgf] hLjgsf] ajf{b ug'{ ePsf]
atfP . To:t} sfo{qmdsf laif]z cltly
:yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/
zdf{n] ;j}sf] kxndf nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/
tyf ;]jgnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;lsg] atfP
. sfo{qmddf lhNnfl:yt ;a} ;/f]sf/
jfnf lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof]
. lhNnf o'jf ;dGjo ;ldltsf cWoIf
vDj' /f]sfosf] cWoIftf / ;lrj lzj
zdf{sf] ;+rfng /x]sf]] sfo{qmddf o'jf
;+hfnsf cWoIf r'8fd0fL uf}tdn] nfu'
cf}ifw, km}n+bf] ;d:of, o;sf] lgoGq0f
nufotsf ljifodf ;d]l6Psf] sfo{kq
k|:t't u/]sf lyP .
?s'd lhNnfsf] o; aif{sf] P;Pn;L
kl/Iff glthf lg/fzfhgs /x]sf] tYof+s
;fa{hlgs ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf lzIff
sfof{no ?s'dn] ;b/d'sfd dl;sf]6
vn+ufdf ;fa{hlgs /x]sf] tYof+s cg';f/
lhNnfdf s'n laBfyL{sf] #) bzdna
&%k|lt;t dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{ ePsf
5g . lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L xl/x/
lwtfnsf cg';f/ lhNnfsf $ j6f
laBfnox?df Ps hgf laBfyL{x? klg
plt0f{ x'g;s]sf 5}gg . h; laBfnox?df
cfb{z dflj vf/fafª hfË, hgzlQm dflj
sf+8f, lz4rf}/ pRr dflj n's'd /
hghfu[lt pRr dflj dxt /x]sf 5g .
o:t} ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+uf
cf;kf;sf laBfnox?n] ;d]t /fd|f]
k|ltztsf ;fy laBfyL{x? plt{0f u/fpg
;s]sf 5}gg . ;lxb z'qm dflj l;df /
od'gfgGb pdflj ;]/LufpF, efg'eQm dfljn]
$ k|ltzt eGbf sd laBfyL{x? plt0f{
ePsf 5g . t/ lhNnfsf] Go" d'gnfO{6
af]l8ª laBfnox?n] dfq ztk|ltzt
laBfyL{x? ;d]t plt0f{ ePsf 5g .
lzIff kqsf/ ;d'xn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] pQm
cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf ;xefuL lhNnf
lzIff ;dGjo ;ldlt ?s'dsf cWoIf
Pj+ :yflgo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/
zdf{n] ?s'd lhNNffsf] ;du| lzIff k|0ffnL
;'wf/sf] nfuL k|efjsf/L of]hgf agfpg'
kg]{ atfP . P;Pn;L k/LIfsf] glthf
sd cfpg'df ;a} kIfsf] pQLs}
lhDd]jf/L atfpb} o;nfO{ cfufdL lbgdf
;'wf/ ug{ ;a} nfUg'kg]{df hf]8 lbP .
sfo{qmddf @)^( ;fnsf] P;Pn;L
k/LIffsf] af/]df ;fa{hlgs tYof+s
cg';f/ glthf cg';f/ /fKtLdf bfª kl5sf]
bf];f|] ePklg ?s'ddf eg] clxn] ;Dds}
sd k|ltzt ePsf] lhlzc lwtfnn]
hfgsf/L u/fP . sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?n]
laBfnodf /fhlglts/0f x'g', lgoldt
cg'ud0f gx'g', cleefjsx?n] klg cfkmgf
afnafnLsfsf] Wofg glbg' nufotsf
sf/0fn] ubf{ P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] glthf
v:s]sf]n] o;nfO{ WofglbP/ ;'wf/
ug{'kg{]df hf]8 lbPsf lyP . lhNnf
:tl/o k/LIff ;dGjo ;ldltsf cWoIf
Pj+ k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb
clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf / lzIff kqsf/ ;d'x
?s'dsf ;+of]hs nId0f s];Lsf] ;+rfng
/x]sf] sfo{qmddf lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nosf
k|x/L gfoj pk/LIfs /fh]Gb| e66, lhNnf
lzIff sfof{no ?s'dsf zfvf clws[t
lagf/fd v8sf, lqe'ag hgtf pRr
dfljsf k|frfo{ ldgaxfb'/ k'g, ljleGg
lzIfs ;+u7gsf k|d'v tyf k|ltlglw,
laBfyL{, kqsf/ nufotsf] sfo{qmddf
pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] .
s]lx ;xefuLx?n] ?s'd lhNnfdf o; aif{ P;Pn;L glthf v:sg'df lzIfs tyf lzIff sfof{no
tkm{ k|Zg t];|fPsf 5g eg] ;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] o;df ;a} kIfsf] sdhf]/L /x]sf] eGb} csf]{
aif{ b]lv ;'wf/ ug{ gofF sfo{qmd Nofpg] atfPsf 5g .
@!* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @
nfh nfUbf]
P;Pn;L glthf

o;/L /f]sf}+ nfu'cf}ifw
cf];f/k;f/ / ;]jg
r'8fdl0f uf}td
xfdLnfO{
6'O{6/df
kmnf]
ug'{xf]; .
@aaha
sanchar
nfu" cf}ifw eGgfn] s'g} klg
/;folgs kbfy{ h;sf] ;]jgaf6
dflg;sf] s]lGb|o :gfo" k|0ffnLdf
c;/ kf/L c;fwf/0f Jojxf/
b]vfpb5 h;nfO{ nfu"cf}ifw eGg]
ul/G5 . ljZj :jf:Yo ;+3sf
cg';f/ s'g} klg lsl;dsf]
/f;folgs kbfy{ h'g :j:y
z/L/sf nflu k|of]u ug{ cfjZos
5}g . / o;sf] k|of]un] zfl/l/s
sfo{ tyf o;sf] agfj6df
kl/jt{g Nofpg ;Sb5 h;nfO{
nfu"cf}ifw elgG5 . nfu" cf}ifw
;DalGw d'2f clxn] ;j{JofkL
ag]sf] 5 . g]kfndf xftxltof/
t:sl/ kl5sf] bf];|f] 7"nf]
ck/fwsf] ?kdf o;nfO{ lnO{Psf]
5 . cem o;df lszf]/
lszf]/Lx?sf] ;xeflutf al9
/x]sf] 5 . nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{
dWo] sl/j tLg rf}yfO{ ;+Vof
@) aif{ eGbf sd pd]/sf 5g .
nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]un] clwsf+z
o'jf o'jtLn] cfˆgf] z}lIfs
hLGbuLnfO{ aaf{b kf/]sf t 5g
g} cem To;dfly n'6kf6, anTsf/
,of}g Jojzfoh:tf ;fdflhs
s'l/lt / s';+:sf/ tyf ck/flws
lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg ePsf 5g
. c;'/lIft ;'O{ ;f6f;f6sf]
sf/0fn] PrcfO{eL÷ of}ghGo÷
x]kf6fO{l6; la, l;, sdnlkQ
nufotsf /uthGo 8/nfUbf
/f]usf] lzsf/ eO{/x]sf] cj:yf
/x]sf] 5 . cfh nfu"cf}ifwsf]
b'Jo{;gsf] l;sf/ ePsf
dflg;x? o;af6 d'Qm x'g
;ls/x]sf 5}gg . b'Jo{;g eGgfn]
;fdflhs b[li6sf]0fn] g/fd|f]
dflgPsf] cfbt jf afgL xf] of]
xfdL ;a}n] a'em]sf 5f}F . /
dflg;x? lgs} vr{ u/]/ z}lIfs
of]Uotf k|fKt u/]kl5 hflu/
gkfpg', 3/df ;b}j kfl/jfl/s
sxn, emu8f, dgd'6fj eO{/xg',
ul/asf] ?kdf hLjg latfpg'
kg]{ afWotf, c? ;fyLx?sf]
b]vfl;sL ug'{ jf bafadf kg'{,
rf8kj{df k|of]u ug'{kg]{ ;fdflhs
wfld{s afWotf, lxgtfaf]wn] u|:t
x'g', c;kmntf dfq xft nfUg'
b'Jo{;gLx?sf] ;+ut , g;f ;]jg
u/]df ;k{n] 6f]s]sf] laif nfUb}g
eGg] laZjf;, kl/Iffdf
c;kmntf, k|]ldk|]ldsfsf] la5f]8
Pj+ /ftf/ft wgL aGg] ;kgf b]lv
ca}w a:t' cf];f/k;f/df nfUg'
/ s'ntdf km:b}hfg' nfu"kbfy{
cyf{t nfu"cf}ifw b'Jo{;gdf kg'{sf
d"Vo sf/0fx? /x]sf 5g .
nfu"kbfy{sf] cg}lts ;]jg tyf
Jofkf/af6 Psftkm{ laleGg
lsl;dsf ck/fw Pj+ cftªssf]
l;h{gf eO{/x]sf] 5 eg] csf]{ tkm{
/fi6« lgdf{0fdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf
lgjf{x ug{ ;Sg] hgzlQm v]/
uO{/x]sf] 5 . nfu"cf}ifwx? w]/}
lsl;dsf x'G5g / ;a}nfO{ Ps}
zAbdf eGg'kbf{ gf/sf]l6s
elgG5 . h;sf] cy{ r]tgf lxg
x'G5 . logLx?df cfkm"df x/fpg],
c6]/L ug]{, :jfyL{, ca'em tyf
zfl//Ls Pj+ dfgl;s ?kdf
sdhf]/ x'g] ub{5g . b'Jo{;gsf]
cf];f/ k;f/ / k|of]u cfh ;+;f/
el/ g} lrGtfsf] laifo ag]sf 5
. o;n] k|of]u stf{sf] hLjg dfq
xf]O{g ;fdflhs kl/a]z cfly{s
l:ylt g} tx;gx; agfPsf] 5 .
obL d}n] tkfO{x?nfO{ tkfO{x?
b'v s] sf nflu / s;sf nflu
ul//xg' ePsf] 5 eg] eg] ;fob
hjfkm ldl>t cfpg ;S5, cfˆg}
nflu, kl/jf/sf nflu, ;Gtfgsf
nflu, b]zsf nflu . h;n]
nfu"cf}ifwsf] cf];f/k;f/ Jofkf/
ul//xg'ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] klg
cfˆg} nflu kl/jf/sf nflu
;Gtfgsf nflu cyjf
cfdfafa'sf nflu g} b'v ul/
/xg' ePsf] 5 . h;/L
nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]un] w]/}sf
afnaflnsf, 5f]/f5f]/,
cfdfafa'sf] cj:yf g/fd|f] ;+u
lalu|Psf] 5 . ;Gtfg lalxgtfsf]
ca:yf l;h{gf ePsf] 5,
afnaflnsf cfdfafa' lalxg
ePsf 5g s] csf{sf] ;j{:j
phf8 kf/]/ cfˆgf] 3/ agfpg]
kl/sNkgf ug'{ /fd|f] xf]t < cjZo
klg xf]O{g, cfkmgf afnaflnsfsf]
dfof dfGg] dfG5]n] ;f]Rg'k¥of]
c?sf kflg ;Gtfg x'g cfdfafa'
x'g / ;Gtfgk|lt ;a} cfdfafa'sf]
dfof TolQs} /xG5 . 5nsk6 ;]
sdfof wg ;] x/af/ b'v xL b'v
b]tf x} < cyf{t c?nfO{ b'v lbP/
5nsk6 u/]/ sdfPsf] wgn]
cfkm"nfO{ klg /fd|f] ub}{g ;w} b'v
dfq} lbG5 . dgdf cfgGb t
;Tsd{n] sdfPsf] wgn] dfq
lbG5 To;}n] nfu"kbfy{ cf];f/
k;f/ sfo{ ;fdflhs ck/fw xf],
sfg"gL ?kdf klg o;sf] sf/
f]af/ tyf k|of]udf aGb]h
nufO{Psf] 5 . To;}n] o;sf]
sf/f]af/ tyf k|of]u ug'{ /fd|f]
xf]O{g . tkfO{sf] l5d]ssf
lxhf]eGbf cfhst} k[ys / leGg
tyf pRr hLjgz}nL ckgfO{Psf]
t 5}g obL 5 eg] To;sf nflu
k};fsxfFaf6 cfof] / ;|f]t s] xf] <
a'emg] u/f}F st} Tof] nfu"cf}ifwsf]
Jofkf/af6 cfPsf] sfnf] wg kf]
xf]sL < t/ ofb /fVg'xf]; c;n
rl/qsf] 5ftfd'lg a:g]nfO{ 3fd
kfgLn] ;d]t s]xL ug{ ;Sb}g .
;a}n] cfkmgf] sd{sf] kmn
ef]Ug'kb{5 . rd]/fx?nfO{ ?Fvsf
xfFufdf pFwf]d'G6f] kf/]/ em'l08g
nufof] < s] s;}n] 3[0ffk"j{s
ltgLx?nfO{ 6fpsf] d'lGt/ kf/]/
em'08fPsf] xf] t < cFx of] t
pgLx?sf] lgotL xf] . To:t} sd{sf]
kmnx? ef]Ugaf6 sf]xL klg aRg
;Sb}g . ofb /fVg'xf]; tkfO{
nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]ustf{ eP
tkfO{sf ;fyL;+uLx? slxNo} klg
rfxfb}ggsL tkfO{ o;af6 d'Qm
x'g'xf]; . To;}n] laleGg :yfgdf
laleGg cj:yfdf kf6L{ lkslgs
e]63f6df, ljBfnox?df jf
nfu"cf}ifw s]Gb|x?df tkfO{ kl/
aGbdf kg{ ;Sg'x'G5 . s;}n]
eGnfg Ps k6s ljrf/ u/]/ t
x]/, sf]xL eGnfg clnslt lnb}df
s] x'G5/ < s;}n] t tkfO{dfly
y'Sb} gfdb{ klg eGnfg < o:tf
knx?n] g} tkfO{nfO{ sdhf]/
agfpg ;S5 c;n sbd
8Udufpg ;S5 . tkfO{ o;af6
d'Qm x'gsf nflu
cfkm' / cfˆgf] dgnfO{ ;w} alnof] agfpg'xf]; / cfTd;+od /fVg'xf]; .
l;w} eGg'xf]; M gf] of] /fd|f] xf]O{g ;S5f} eg] ltldx? klg 5f]8 . sd;]sd dnfO{ gkm;fp / ;w} cfˆgf] af]lndf cl8u /xg'xf]; . @,$
kN6 k5f8L tkfO{sf ;flynfO{ klg s/ ug{ nfh nfUg yfN5 . s'/f abNg'xf]; / s'/fnfO{ cs}{ lt/ df]8g'xf]; / eGg''xf]; a? hfp
Jof8ldG6g v]Nglt/ jf c? o:t} s'g} .
P cfO{h g Ps l5g df]h u/}f egL eGbf l;w} eGg'xf]; of] klg df]h xf] d]/f] z/L/df d ljifx? eg{ rfxfGg .
hf]s ug'{xf]; d}n] d]/f] dg dlitis ;+u ;Demf}tf ul/;s] d}n] o;sf] k|of]u ulb{g / logn] klg /fd|/L sfd ug]{5g . t h:tf] d
xf]O{g Sof cj t al8 agfpg' knf{ <
of] cj:yfaf6 aflx/ lgl:sg tkfO{ eGg'xf]; M 3/ jf sIffdf hfg l9nf eof] cf]s] afO{ .
s;}n] eGnfg tF sft/ lsg 8/fp5; M tkfO{ eGgf]; csfnd} dg'{eGbf t sfFt/ g} a]; xf]O{g/ t]/f] nflu t/ ;dfh / kl/jf/df
/fd|f] dfG5] eG5g . cem} yKg'xf]; M tF d]/f] ;fyL sL b'Zdg d]/f] 8fS6/n] of] g5'g' eg]sf] 5 .
afxfgf agfpg'xf]; M cfdf afa'n] cfvf x]5{g s]/ u5{jf p;nfO{ e]6g hfg'5 dnfO{ df5]{ .
To:tf s/ ug]{ ;fyLx?sf] ;+ut 5f]8g'xf]; .
n]vs uf}td o'jf ;~hfn ?s'dsf] cWoIf x'g .
s'g}klg b]zsf] x/]]s kIfnfO{ k|efa kfg]{ dxTjk'0f{ kIf lzIff
If]q xf] . lzIff lagf s'g} /fHosf] pGgtL / k|ult x'g ;S5}g
. lzIff ;a}eGbf dxTjk'0f{ kIf ePsf sf/0f ;/sf/n] laif]z
k|fyfldstfsf ;fy o; If]qdf nufgL ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . h;/L
lzIff If]qdf s/f]8f} nufgL ug]{ u/]sf] ePklg laBfyL{x? eg]
s/f]8sf] s ;d]t lrGg ufx|f] 5 . k|fyflds lzIffnfO{ /fli6«o
:t/af6} dfkg gul/g] ePklg dfWoflds txsf] P;Pn;L
glthf eg] o;s} kl/0ffdsf ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . o; aif{sf]
P;P;;L kl/Iffsf] glthf /fli6«o :t/af6} lgs} sd k|ltzt
xf] . h;df ?s'dsf] k|ltzt eg] cem} v:s]sf] 5 . s]lx lbg
cl3 lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ?s'dn] ;b/d'sfd dl;sf]6
vn+ufdf ;fa{hlgs /x]sf] tYof+s cg';f/ lhNnfdf s'n
laBfyL{sf] #) bzdna &% k|lt;t dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{
ePsf 5g . ;'GgnfO{ klg nfhnfUbf] glthfdf s]lx
laBfnox?df Pp6f klg laBfyL{x? kf; x'g ;s]sf 5}gg
eg] st} ePsf]df klg ;odf b'O{rf/ hgf laBfyL{ . csf]{
crDdsf] s'/f t ;b/d'sfd cf;kf;df /x]sf s]lx laBfnox?n]
;d]t rf/ k|ltzt dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{ u/fPsf 5g eg]
b'u{dsf s]lx laBfnox?n] yf]/} ;+Vofdf ePklg ztk|ltzt
laBfyL{ plt{0f u/fPsf 5g . oxfF g lt laBfnox?n] cg'lt0f{
u/fP/ ;'v kfPsf 5g gt ;tk|ltzt plt0f{ agfP/ g} .
b'a} laBfnosf] glthfx?sf] e/f]iff s;}nfO{ nfu]sf] 5}g .
;b/d'sfdsf laBfnox?df b'u{dsf laBfnox? eGbf sd
k9fP/ laBfyL{ kf;km]ndf km/s eof] eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfUb}g
hxfF lzIff k|0ffnLdf c;dfgtf 5 . s]lx glhssf] eGb}
cg'ud0f ul//xg] / st} b'u{dsf gfddf gugf{n] b'v u/]sf
lzIfsn] kfpg] ku/L lr6 rf]/fpg] lzIfsx?n] gkfpnfg
eGg ;lsb}g . csf]{ s'/f o; k6ssf] P;Pn;L glthf
v:sg'df s]lx Ps b'O{6f kIfnfO{ klg s]lGb|t u/]kl5 oxfF
;a} kIfsf] plQs} sdhf]/L /x]sf] b]lvG5 . lzIfsn] k9fP/
cfkmgf] bfloTj k'/f gu/}s} x'g eg] laBfyL{x? klg cfkmgf]
cWoognfO{ st{Ao g7fg]s} x'g . To:t} cg'udg ug]{ lzIff
sfof{no nufot cGo ;ldlt / pk;ldltx?n] klg eQfnfO{
dfq s]lGb|t ubf{ ;dfg / :jtGq?kdf cg'udg gu/]s} x'g
eg] lzIfs ;+3;+u7gx? lzIff eGbf /fhg}lts tyf cfkmgf]
dfq xsclwsf/sf af/]df s]lGb|t /xg'klg csf]{ ;d:of xf] .
To;sf/0f csf]{ aif{b]lv lhNnfsf] glhtf ;'wf/ ug]{ xf]
eg] oL ;a} kIfn] cfkmgf] sdhf]/Lx?nfO{ s]nfP/
cufl8 a9]nf o:tf] lg/f;fhgs ;ldIff x'b}GYof]sL <
t/ s]lx ;+:yfut laBfnox?n] u/]sf] ztk|ltzt
laBfyL{nfO{ /fd|f] ;kmntfsf ?kdf lng'kb{5 .
# !* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  cfxf s'/fsfgL  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs 
4G4kl5 ?s''dsf] lasf;n] km8sf] dfb{} 5 .
sfG5f] kqsfl/tf====
?s'd !@ jif]{ z;:q 4Gbjf6 k|efljt lhNnf xf] . zflGt :yfkgf ;Fu} ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf;
lgdf0f{sf of]hgfx?n] km8sf] df/L/x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] cj:yfdf ljsf; lgdf0f{sf of]hgfx?df
;Dk'0f{ ?s'djf;Lx? Psh'6 eO{/x]sf 5g . lasf; sfo{df nfUg k|]/0ff / ;xof]u lbg]
lgsfodf lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] klg 7'nf] e'ldsf /xg] u/]sf] 5 . a]nf a]nf ?s'dsf]
lasf; sfo{df ;lqmo ;xof]u u/]sf e/ts'df/ zdf{ @)^* ;fnb]lv ?s'dsf] :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/Lsf] ?kdf sfo{/t 5g . sd{ynf] / hGdyfn] ?s'd agfPsf :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L zdf{n] lghfdlt ;]jfdf #! jif{ nfdf] cg'ej a6'Nn'sf ;fy} @)&) ;fnsf] u0ftGq
lbj;sf] cj;/df ;Ddfglgo /fi6«ktL 8f= /fdj/0f ofba af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbsjf6
lae'lift ;d]t ePsf 5g . ?s'd lhNnfsf] ;du| ljsf; lgdf0f{ tyf r'gf}ltsf laifodf
:yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{;+u cfxf ;~rf/sf nflu ;xsld{ k|lj/ bb]nn] u/]sf]
s'/fsfgL M
:yfgLo lasf; clwsf/L
e/t s'df/ zdf{‡ lhNnfdf lasf;
lgdf{0fsf of]hgfx? s]
s:tf /x]sf 5g <
?s'd lhNnfsf a[xt of]hgfx?
dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf] 6«ofs
sl6Ë, /fKtL nf]sdfu{sf]
cf]6fl;n ug]{ sfo{ / ;Nn]
ladfg:yn sfnf] kq] ug]{ sfo{
cufl8 a9L /x]sf] 5 eg] c?
lgoldt of]hgfx? :yfgLo ;8s
lgdf{0f, vfg]kfgL of]hgf, l;+rfO{,
emf]nªu] k'n, laBfno lgdf{0f
nufotsf cGo lalaw ;fdflhs
k'jf{wf/ lgdf{0f sfo{x? e}/x]sf
5g . lhNnfdf d'l;sf]6 ;fgf
zx/L vfg]kfgL of]hgf,
dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf] :t/f]Gglt
/ ;8s lgdf{0f, RRSDP sf]
bf];|f] r/0fsf] sfd cufl8
a9L/x]sf] 5 . :ofk'{bx ;fgf
hn ljB't sf] :Q/f]Gglt,
ko{6lso k'jf{wf/sf sfdx?
nufot u'/LNnf 6«]ssf] cfwf/e't
lgdf{0f sfo{x? nufot ?s'd
pHofnf] sfo{qmd cGt{utsf
of]hgfx? klg lgdf{0f sfo{n]
ltj|tf lng] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' .
clxn] lhNnf leq sl/j #*
uf=lj=;=x?nfO{ ;8s ;+hfnn]
glhlsofPsf] 5 . o;}u/L
;fdflhs lasf; cGtu{t v'nf
lbzf d'Qm uf=lj=;=,k'0f{ vf]k
d'Qm uf=lj=;=,3/ leqsf]
w'jfd'Qm uf=lj=;=,jfnd}qL
uf=lj=;=,5'jf5'd'Qm uf=lj=;=,lg/
If/ d'Qm uf=lj=;=,jfn ljjfx /
n}+lus lx+;fd'Qm uf=lj=;= 3f]if0f
ug]{ nufotsf ;j} nlIft au{sf
r]tgfd'ns sfo{qmdx? x'b} 5g
. ‡ ?s'd lhNnfsf]
ljsf;sf of]hgfx?
lgdf0f{ ug{ sxfF sxfFaf6
ah]6 k|fKt x'g] u/]sf] 5
<
lhNnfsf ljsf; of]hgf lgdf{0fsf
nflu g]kfn ;/sf/,ljZj
a}+s,Pl;ofnL lasf; a+}s,;+o'Qm
/fi6« ;+3Lo lasf; sfo{qmd,;]e
b lrN8]«g, o'P;cfO8L,s]o/ g]kfn
nufot ljleGg bft[ ;+:yfx?sf]
;xof]un] ;/sf/L / u}/;/sf/L
lgsfo dfkm{t ah]6 k|fKt e}
lhNnfsf ljsf; lgdf{0f sfo{
cufl8 a9]sf] 5 . tL lgsfoaf6
k|fKt ah]6sf] cfFs8f cf=j=sf]
clGtd ;Dddf jflif{s ;dLIff
sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;fj{hlgs
ul/g]5 .
‡ tkfO{sf] kfnfdf
ePsf] dxTjdk'0f{
ljsf;sf of]hgfx? s] s]
x'g <
o; cjlwdf lhNnfn] ;8s
lgdf{0fdf pNn]lvt k|ult xfl;n
u/]sf] 5 . dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf]
lgdf{0f tyf lhNnfsf k|d'v
k|fyldstfsf of]hgfx?af6
?s'd]nL hgtf nfeflGjt ePsf
5g . To:t} RRRSDP sf]
klxnf] r/0fsf] ;8s lgdf{0faf6
d'l;sf]6 :ofk'{bx of]hgfsf]
lgdf{0f, ?s'd pHofnf] sfo{qmdn]
ult lnb} u|fdL0f ljB'lts/0fdf
hf]8, lhNnfnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
agfpg] cleofg, laleGg emf]n'Ë]
k'nsf] lgdf{0f nufot ko{6gsf]
If]qdf ?s'd lhNnfn] gofF
uGtJosf] ;'?jft u/]sf] 5 . of]
;Fu} u'/LNnf kbdfu{sf] klxrfg
/ k|sfzg, l;:g] lxdfnsf]
cf/f]x0f ljleGg ko{6lso If]qsf]
lgdf{0f, ko{6g u'?of]hgfsf]
lgdf{0f, afne]nfsf] cfof]hgf,
5'jf5'td'Qm uf=lj=;=lgdf{0f
tof/L, sf];]nL 3/af6 ?s'd
a|f08sf ;fdfg pTkfbg ug]{
sfo{sf] yfngL, vfB ;'/Iffsf
nflu cGg esf/L lgdf{0f, vn+uf
ahf/sf] kmf]xf]/ Joj:yfkg
of]hgf, dft[lzz' :jf:Yosf nflu
ljleGg sfo{qmd, ue{jtL
dlxnfx?sf nflu lhNnfd}
ck/];g ;'ljwfsf] pknAwtf
nufotsf sfo{qmdn] k|fyldstf
kfPsf 5g .
‡ lasf;n] lhNnfdf s]
s:tf] kl/jt{g cfp5 /
s;/L cfly{s ;fdflhs,
lzIff, :jf:Yo, /f]huf/L
;[hgf u/]sf] 5 .
b]zdf !@ jif]{ 4G4 ;dfKtL ;Fu}
zflGt :yfkgf kl5 ?s'd
lhNnfn] cfly{s ;fdflhs z}lIfs
:jf:Yo / /f]huf/Lsf If]qdf
pNn]vgLo k|ult xfl;n u/]sf]
5 . ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0fsf nflu
‡ ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf;
ah]6 slt 5 <
ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf rfn' jif{sf]
‡ ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf;
lgdf0f{ of]hgfx?nfO{
k|efj kfg]{ ;j}eGbf 7'nf
r'gf}lt ÷;d:ofx? s] s]
5g <
?s'd !@ jif]{ z;:q 4Gbaf6
cToGt k|efljt lhNnf xf] .
ef}uf]lns ljs6tf / ;8ssf]
kx'Fr ;j} If]qdf gePsf]
c:ktfn, lrlsT;s, cf}ifwL /
pks/0f c;'ljwf /x]sf]n] ;fdfGo
cj:yfdf klg pkrf/sf] nfuL
lhNnf aflx/ hfg' kg]{ jfWotf
/x]sf] 5 . /f]huf/Lsf] cefj,
k|ofKt ah]6 k|fKt gx'g', hgtfsf
cl;ldt cfjZostf ;u} ul/jL
/ cefj, r]tgfsf] sdLsf sf/0f
lhNnfsf] ljsf; ultljlw cuf8L
a9fpg 7'nf] r'gf}lt 5 . o;sf
nflu pRr /fhg}lts WoP, lhNnf
l:yt /fhg}lts bn, ljifout
lgsfo, ;+3 ;+:yfsf] ;lqmotf,
;dGjo / hg;xeflutfaf6 dfq}
oL ;d:ofx?sf] Go'lgs/0f ug{
;lsG5 .
;fdflhs kl/rfng dfkm{t
ljleGg sfdx?sf] z'?jft
u/LPsf] 5 . ljleGg Joj;fodf
ljsf; lgdf0f{sf ;fy /f]huf/L
:yfkgf u/LPsf] 5 . lhNnfdf
lj1fg lzIff SofDk; pdflj,
dfljx?sf] yk l:js[tL,
:jf:Yosf k'jf{wf/x?sf] lgdf{0f,
;a} uflj;df k|;'lt u[xsf] lgdf{0f
sfo{nfO{ k|fyfldstf, o'jf, dlxnf,
blnt hghflt, ckf+u, h]i7
gful/sx?nfO{ ;]jf ;'ljwfdf
kx'Fr, z}lIfs :t/ pGgtL
nufot v'Nnf lbzf d'Qm
cleofgdf kl5Nnf] ;dodf
ltj|tf kfO{Psf] 5 . ue{jtL
;Dd]ngsf] ;'?jft, o'jf ;'rgf
s]Gb|df hf]8, ue{jtL 3/
kl/rokq lbg] sfo{sf] ;'?jft,
klZrdL pRr kxf8L sfo{qmd
cGtu{t ul/jL lgjf/0f sfo{qmd,
ul/jL lgjf/0f sf]if dfkm{t
cfly{s / ;fdflhs k'jf{wf/sf]
ljsf; eO{/x]sf]n] oxfFsf
hgtfsf] cj:yfdf s]xL ;'wf/
ePsf] /f]huf/Lsf cj;/ klg
>[hgf u/]sf] 5 . To:t} t/sf/L
ljp pTkfbg / ;xsf/Lx?sf]
:yfkgfn] ;d]t yk /f]huf/Lsf
cj;/ k|fKt ePsf 5g .
ah]6 36]sf] ca:yf xf] . cfufdL
jif{sf nflu ;dod} ljlgof]hg
ah]6 cfof] eg] hgtfx?nfO{ yk
ljsf;sf] cfjZostf k'/f ug{
;lsG5 . ;a} s'n ah]6sf] l:ylt
jflif{s ;ldIff u/]/ ;fj{hlgs
ul/g]5 .
. To;}nfO{ ;b'kof]usf] ?kdf
glnO{ las[lt dRrfpg] tl/
sfaf6 lasl;t eof] eg] To;n]
yk hl6ntf k}bf ug{ ;S5 .
slt cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfdf 5g
eGg] tYofªs gx'Fbf s;n] s]
;dfrf/ k|sfl;t u¥of] eGg] ;d]t
cGof}ntf 5fPsf] 5 . olb To:tf]
b'?kof]usf] 36gf ;fa{hlgs eP
cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f !% n]
k|sfzg, k|;f/0f tyf 5fkfvfgf
;DalGw xsdf ljB'tLo
dfWodnfO{ cfd;~rf/sf c?
dfWod;/x dfg]sf] 5 . @)^#
sf] ljB'tLo sf/f]af/ P]gn]
cgflws[t ?kdf ljB'tLo
dfWodsf] b'?kof]unfO{ c+s'z
nufPsf] 5 . To;df ;~rf/
dfWoddf To:tf laB'tLo
:j?kdf laifoa:t' k|sfzg eP
u}/sfg'gL laifoa:t'sf]
k|sfzgnfO{ laB'tLo sf/f]jf/ P]g
@)^# sf] bkmf $& n] s;'/
dfg]sf] 5 . o:tf] sfddf ;DnUg
kqsf/fnfO{ bkmf $& bkmfdf
cg';f/ s;'/ u/]df % aif{;Dd
s}b jf ! nfv ;Dd hl/jfgf jf
b'a} x'g ;Sg] Aoj:yf u/]sf] 5 .
t/ k|]; sfplG;n jf kqsf/
cfrf/;+lxtfsf] :jod;]jL
cg'dug ug]{ kqsf/ dxf;+3
h:tf lgsfodf klg cgnfOg
kqsfl/tfnfO{ s;/L ;d]6g] eGg]
lglZrt dfkb08 ag]sf] 5}g .
h;n] cgnfOg kqsf/Ltf
Aojl:yt aGg ;s]sf] 5}g .
cfxf ;~rf/
dfu]/ xf]O{g,
lsg]/ k9g]
afgL a;fnf}+
.
d'? klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
ufla; 3f]if0ff
cfxf ;~rf/
 d'?,?s'd
?s'd lhNnfsf & j6f ufla;x?
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf
5g . z'qmaf/ lhNnfsf] d'?
ufla;nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;
3f]if0ff ul/P;u} & cf]6f ufla;x?
k'u]sf x'g . uflj;sf ;j} 3/ tyf
;fj{hlgs 7fpFdf zf}rfno lgdf{0f
tyf cfwf/e't ;/;kmfO{sf sfd
;lsPkl5 d'?nfO{ v'nf lbzf d'Qm
uflj; 3f]if0f ul/Psf] xf] . lhNnf
vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ :jR5tf
;dGjo ;ldltsf] lg0f{o cg';f/
d'? v'nf lbzf d'St uflj; ag]sf]
xf] . o; ;u} v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
ufla;x?df k'lt{dsfF8f,
cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª, dUdf,
vf/f / ?F3f ufla; /x]sf 5g .
;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dsf $# j6}
ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ug]{ nIo
/flvPsf] 5 . clxn] lhNnfsf afFsL
ufla;x?df klg cleofgs} ?kdf
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff tyf
cfaZos k'a{wf/ lgdf0f{ ug]{ sfo{
wdfwd e}/x]sf] 5 .
 ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  ?=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )(÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $
cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf
Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka
lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no,
?s'dsf] cg'/f]w .
æcuf{gLs pTkfbg xfd|f] rfxfgf,
:j:Yo hLjg xfd|f] sfdgfÆ
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] u0ftGq :yfkgf kl5sf] bf]>f]
lhNnf kl/ifbn] tklzndf pNn]lvt uf=lj=;= x?nfO{ cuf{gLs
pTkfbg x'g] uf=lj=;= x?sf] ?kdf k|dfl0fs/0f ug]{ ljifo
kfl/t u/]sf]n] pQm uf=lj=;= x?df /f;folgs dn tyf
/f;folgs ljiffbLx?sf] ljlqmljt/0f tyf k|of]u gu{g'x'g ;f]
If]qsf ;Dk'0f{ Jofkf/L tyf s[ifsx?df xflb{s cg'/f]w ul/G5 .
cuf{gLs If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf uf=lj=;x?
ts;]/f, /Gdfd}sf]6, hfË, KjfË, sfFqmL, dxt, df]/fjfË
sf+8f, /fª;L, sf]n, uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, r'gjfË
x'sfd / l;:g]
dfly pNn]lvt uf=lj=;= x?df /f;folgs dn tyf /f;folgs
ljiffbLx?sf] ;§f h}ljs dn tyf h}ljs ljiffbLx?sf] ljlqm
ljt/0f tyf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] 5 .
/f;folgs dn tyf /f;folgs ljiffbL k|of]udf /f]s nufO{
cuf{gLs pTkfbg x'g] If]q k|dfl0fs/0fdf ;xeflu jgf} .
s'nk|;fb clwsf/L
al/i7 s[lif ljsf; clws[t
lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no, ?s'd
;kmf /xf}+,:j:Yo agf}+ / ;Eo
gful/ssf] kl/ro lbcf}+ .
;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dnfO{
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm lhNnf agfpg
;lqmo ;xof]u u/f}+ ..
k|To]s 3/df rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/f}+ .
lhNnf k|flalws sfof{no
?s'd
ljZj vfB sfo{qmd / g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ;+3Lo
dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf]
;+o'Qm cfly{s ;xof]u / Pd8LcfO{ g]kfnsf]
k|fljlws ;xof]udf ?s'd lhNnfsf laleGg
cf7 ufla;x?df ;+rflnt sfdsf nflu
vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . @)^(
;fn sflt{s #) b]lv z'? ePsf] sfo{qmd
@)&) c;f/ !^ ut]b]lv ;DkGg ePsf]
Pdl8cfO{ g]kfnsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs
O{lGhlgo/ k|sf; ;fksf]6fn] atfP . pgsf
cg';f/ cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷)&) cjlwsf
nflu ;+rflnt u|fld0f ;fd'bflos k"jf{wf/
ljsf; sfo{qmd cGt{ut sfdsf nflu
vfBfGGf sfo{qmd lhNnfsf] k'lt{dsfF8f,
u/fonf, cf7lj;8f8fufFp, cf7lj;sf]6,
uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, sf]n / ts;]/f
ufla;x?df ;+rfngdf /x]sf lyP . æsfo{qmd
cawLe/ ?s'dsf :yflgo hgtfx?sf] ;lqmo
;xeflutf /x]sf]df wGoafb lbg rfxfG5'Æ
pgn] eg], æo;k6ssf] sfo{qmd ;DkGg
ePklg :yflgo hgtfx?sf] dfu /x]sf]n]
;se/ l56} gofF kl/of]hgf NofP/ ?s'd
cfp5f} .Æ o; cawLsf lhNnfsf laleGg
u|fld0f ;8s, 3f]8]6f] af6f] tyf t6aGw
lgdf0f{ nufotsf laleGg sfdx? ;DkGg
ePsf] 5 . cf/l;cfO{8An'sf sfo{qmd
O{lGhlgo/ xl/x/ e08f/Lsf cg';f/ o;
sfo{qmd cGt/ut u|fld0f ;8s !#=$%,
3f]8]6f] af6f] !)=#) lsnf]ld6/ tyf t6aGw
lgdf0f{ % ;o @@ 3gld6/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5
. æo; sfo{qmddf ;xefuL !& ;o (@ 3/
w'/LnfO{ #^) rfdn / $% d]l6«s6g bfn
lat/0f ul/Psf] 5Æ pgn] eg] . o; sfo{qmd
;+rfng ePklg oxfFl:yt lhNnfsf laleGg
ufla;sf :yflgo afl;Gbfx?n] lasf; tyf
vfBfGgdf 7'nf] ;xof]u kfPsf] atfPsf
5g . cf7la;sf]6 ! sf rdf/] 3lt{n] o;
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7 aaha sanchar

  • 1. aif{ ! c+s & ?s'd !* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 2 Jul 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.— www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com …o; k6ssf] P;Pn;Ldf ;a}sf] sdhf]/L eof], ;'wf/f}+Ú sfG5f] kqsf/Ltf cgnfOg ?s'ddf klg lbj; dgfO{of] afns[i0f zdf{  sf7df08f} cfxf ;~rf/ 8]:s  lhNnfsf] ;d;fdlos lasf; lgdf{0fsf] ca:yfsf af/]df ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{;+u ul/Psf] s'/fsfgL k[i7 # df 4G4kl5 ?s'dn] lasf;df km8sf] df/]sf] 5 g]kfndf ;g !((% df ds{G6fOnn] ;fpy Pl;of 86sdsf] gfdaf6 klxnf] k6s cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfsf] ;'?jft u/]sf] lyof] . cgnfOg kqsfl/tf ;'? ePsf] sl/a b'O{ bzs k'Ubf;Dd o;nfO{ Aojl:yt ug{ g /fHosf] Wofg k'Uof], g t kqsf/s} ;+3;+:yfsf] . t/ cgnfOgdf ;dfrf/ n]v]s} cf/f]kdf kqsf/ ;'lzn kGt kqmfp k/]kl5 eg] cgnfOg kqsfl/tfdf gofF ax; z'? ePsf] 5 . cgnfOg ldl8of P;f]l;P;gsf] tYofªsdf g]kfnL efiffsf ;dfrf/d"ns ^! / c+u|]hL efiffsf Psbh{g cgnfOg 5g . t/ c? ldl8ofh:tf] btf{ k|lqmof gx'bf slt cgnfOg ldl8of 5g / ltgnfO{ s;/L cg'udg ug]{ eGg] g]kfn k|]; sfplG;nsf cWoIf af]0f{axfb'/ sfsL{ ;d]t cGof}ntf b]v]sf 5g . ToxL ax;df kqsf/ dxf;+3 klg km;]sf] 5 . To;f] t dxf;+3n] klg l8lh6n ldl8of ;ldlt t agfPsf] 5 . t/ of] ;ldltn] klg OG6/g]6df ;dfrf/ ;Dk|]if0f ug]{ dfWod slt 5g eGg] tYofªs p;+u ;d]t 5}g . g]kfndf ;a}eGbf sfG5f] kqsf/Ltfsf] ?kdf ;'? ePs]f cgnfOg kqsf/Ltf hlt km:6fpb} uPsf] 5 Tolt plrt lgod / sfg'gsf] Aoj:yf gx'bf Tolt g} cfnf]lrt x'g] u/]sf 5g . cgnfOg dfq xf]Og km];a's 6jL6/ tyf Od]n OG6/g]6df /fVb} cfPsf ;fdfu|Ldf cj k|x/Ln] ;d]t pRr ;t{stf ckgfpg yfn]sf] 5 . clxn] ljleGg ;fdflhs ;~hfndfkm{t x'g] b'?kof]u / ck/fwnfO{ k|x/Ln] ;fOa/ qmfOd cg';f/ sf/afxL k|lqmof rnfpF5 . t/ klg ;dfrf/d"ns cgnfOg ldl8of tyf laB'tLo ;~rf/ dfWoddfnfO{ vf; lgu/fgL ePsf] lyPg . t/ ;/sf/n] s'g} klg k|lqmofaf6 cgnfOg ldl8ofnfO{ gh/ cGbfh u/]sf] klg lyPg . t/ kl5Nnf] ;do cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfdf km/s ax; z'? ePsf] 5 . h;n] s]xL ;'wf/sf] ax; k}bf ul/lbPsf] 5 . ;a}sf] xft xftdf df]jfOn Nofk6k nufPsf 3/ 3/df sDo'6/ OG6/g]6sf] ;'?jft ePsf] 5 To;n] ;a} ;a{;fwf/0fsf] ;'rgf kfpg] clwsf/sf] ;d]t ;'lglZrttf u/]sf] 5 afFsL # k[i7df -cf;;_ a'waf/ nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/ lj?4sf] cGt{/fli6«o lbj; ?s'ddf klg ljleGg sfo{qmd u/L dgfOPsf] 5 . lhNnf o'jf ;dGjo ;ldltsf] cfof]hgfdf ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf ¥ofnL tyf k|arg sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L lbj; dgfOPsf] xf] . lbj;sf] cj;/df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf af]Ng] aQfx?n] nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/ lj?4 ;j} ;r]t aGg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf 5g . dflg;sf] :jf:Yodf uDeL/ c;/ kg]{ nfu' cf}ifw k|of]unfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;j}sf] Pstf cfjZos kg]{df aQfx?sf] egfO{ lyof] . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v cltly k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0f k|;fb clwsf/Ln] nfu' kbfy{ cf];f/k;f/ sfo{df ;+nUg x'g' cfkmgf] hLjgsf] ajf{b ug'{ ePsf] atfP . To:t} sfo{qmdsf laif]z cltly :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] ;j}sf] kxndf nfu' kbfy{ Jofkf/ tyf ;]jgnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;lsg] atfP . sfo{qmddf lhNnfl:yt ;a} ;/f]sf/ jfnf lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . lhNnf o'jf ;dGjo ;ldltsf cWoIf vDj' /f]sfosf] cWoIftf / ;lrj lzj zdf{sf] ;+rfng /x]sf]] sfo{qmddf o'jf ;+hfnsf cWoIf r'8fd0fL uf}tdn] nfu' cf}ifw, km}n+bf] ;d:of, o;sf] lgoGq0f nufotsf ljifodf ;d]l6Psf] sfo{kq k|:t't u/]sf lyP . ?s'd lhNnfsf] o; aif{sf] P;Pn;L kl/Iff glthf lg/fzfhgs /x]sf] tYof+s ;fa{hlgs ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ?s'dn] ;b/d'sfd dl;sf]6 vn+ufdf ;fa{hlgs /x]sf] tYof+s cg';f/ lhNnfdf s'n laBfyL{sf] #) bzdna &%k|lt;t dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{ ePsf 5g . lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L xl/x/ lwtfnsf cg';f/ lhNnfsf $ j6f laBfnox?df Ps hgf laBfyL{x? klg plt0f{ x'g;s]sf 5}gg . h; laBfnox?df cfb{z dflj vf/fafª hfË, hgzlQm dflj sf+8f, lz4rf}/ pRr dflj n's'd / hghfu[lt pRr dflj dxt /x]sf 5g . o:t} ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+uf cf;kf;sf laBfnox?n] ;d]t /fd|f] k|ltztsf ;fy laBfyL{x? plt{0f u/fpg ;s]sf 5}gg . ;lxb z'qm dflj l;df / od'gfgGb pdflj ;]/LufpF, efg'eQm dfljn] $ k|ltzt eGbf sd laBfyL{x? plt0f{ ePsf 5g . t/ lhNnfsf] Go" d'gnfO{6 af]l8ª laBfnox?n] dfq ztk|ltzt laBfyL{x? ;d]t plt0f{ ePsf 5g . lzIff kqsf/ ;d'xn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] pQm cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf ;xefuL lhNnf lzIff ;dGjo ;ldlt ?s'dsf cWoIf Pj+ :yflgo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] ?s'd lhNNffsf] ;du| lzIff k|0ffnL ;'wf/sf] nfuL k|efjsf/L of]hgf agfpg' kg]{ atfP . P;Pn;L k/LIfsf] glthf sd cfpg'df ;a} kIfsf] pQLs} lhDd]jf/L atfpb} o;nfO{ cfufdL lbgdf ;'wf/ ug{ ;a} nfUg'kg]{df hf]8 lbP . sfo{qmddf @)^( ;fnsf] P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] af/]df ;fa{hlgs tYof+s cg';f/ glthf cg';f/ /fKtLdf bfª kl5sf] bf];f|] ePklg ?s'ddf eg] clxn] ;Dds} sd k|ltzt ePsf] lhlzc lwtfnn] hfgsf/L u/fP . sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?n] laBfnodf /fhlglts/0f x'g', lgoldt cg'ud0f gx'g', cleefjsx?n] klg cfkmgf afnafnLsfsf] Wofg glbg' nufotsf sf/0fn] ubf{ P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] glthf v:s]sf]n] o;nfO{ WofglbP/ ;'wf/ ug{'kg{]df hf]8 lbPsf lyP . lhNnf :tl/o k/LIff ;dGjo ;ldltsf cWoIf Pj+ k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf / lzIff kqsf/ ;d'x ?s'dsf ;+of]hs nId0f s];Lsf] ;+rfng /x]sf] sfo{qmddf lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nosf k|x/L gfoj pk/LIfs /fh]Gb| e66, lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ?s'dsf zfvf clws[t lagf/fd v8sf, lqe'ag hgtf pRr dfljsf k|frfo{ ldgaxfb'/ k'g, ljleGg lzIfs ;+u7gsf k|d'v tyf k|ltlglw, laBfyL{, kqsf/ nufotsf] sfo{qmddf pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . s]lx ;xefuLx?n] ?s'd lhNnfdf o; aif{ P;Pn;L glthf v:sg'df lzIfs tyf lzIff sfof{no tkm{ k|Zg t];|fPsf 5g eg] ;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] o;df ;a} kIfsf] sdhf]/L /x]sf] eGb} csf]{ aif{ b]lv ;'wf/ ug{ gofF sfo{qmd Nofpg] atfPsf 5g .
  • 2. @!* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ nfh nfUbf] P;Pn;L glthf  o;/L /f]sf}+ nfu'cf}ifw cf];f/k;f/ / ;]jg r'8fdl0f uf}td xfdLnfO{ 6'O{6/df kmnf] ug'{xf]; . @aaha sanchar nfu" cf}ifw eGgfn] s'g} klg /;folgs kbfy{ h;sf] ;]jgaf6 dflg;sf] s]lGb|o :gfo" k|0ffnLdf c;/ kf/L c;fwf/0f Jojxf/ b]vfpb5 h;nfO{ nfu"cf}ifw eGg] ul/G5 . ljZj :jf:Yo ;+3sf cg';f/ s'g} klg lsl;dsf] /f;folgs kbfy{ h'g :j:y z/L/sf nflu k|of]u ug{ cfjZos 5}g . / o;sf] k|of]un] zfl/l/s sfo{ tyf o;sf] agfj6df kl/jt{g Nofpg ;Sb5 h;nfO{ nfu"cf}ifw elgG5 . nfu" cf}ifw ;DalGw d'2f clxn] ;j{JofkL ag]sf] 5 . g]kfndf xftxltof/ t:sl/ kl5sf] bf];|f] 7"nf] ck/fwsf] ?kdf o;nfO{ lnO{Psf] 5 . cem o;df lszf]/ lszf]/Lx?sf] ;xeflutf al9 /x]sf] 5 . nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dWo] sl/j tLg rf}yfO{ ;+Vof @) aif{ eGbf sd pd]/sf 5g . nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]un] clwsf+z o'jf o'jtLn] cfˆgf] z}lIfs hLGbuLnfO{ aaf{b kf/]sf t 5g g} cem To;dfly n'6kf6, anTsf/ ,of}g Jojzfoh:tf ;fdflhs s'l/lt / s';+:sf/ tyf ck/flws lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg ePsf 5g . c;'/lIft ;'O{ ;f6f;f6sf] sf/0fn] PrcfO{eL÷ of}ghGo÷ x]kf6fO{l6; la, l;, sdnlkQ nufotsf /uthGo 8/nfUbf /f]usf] lzsf/ eO{/x]sf] cj:yf /x]sf] 5 . cfh nfu"cf}ifwsf] b'Jo{;gsf] l;sf/ ePsf dflg;x? o;af6 d'Qm x'g ;ls/x]sf 5}gg . b'Jo{;g eGgfn] ;fdflhs b[li6sf]0fn] g/fd|f] dflgPsf] cfbt jf afgL xf] of] xfdL ;a}n] a'em]sf 5f}F . / dflg;x? lgs} vr{ u/]/ z}lIfs of]Uotf k|fKt u/]kl5 hflu/ gkfpg', 3/df ;b}j kfl/jfl/s sxn, emu8f, dgd'6fj eO{/xg', ul/asf] ?kdf hLjg latfpg' kg]{ afWotf, c? ;fyLx?sf] b]vfl;sL ug'{ jf bafadf kg'{, rf8kj{df k|of]u ug'{kg]{ ;fdflhs wfld{s afWotf, lxgtfaf]wn] u|:t x'g', c;kmntf dfq xft nfUg' b'Jo{;gLx?sf] ;+ut , g;f ;]jg u/]df ;k{n] 6f]s]sf] laif nfUb}g eGg] laZjf;, kl/Iffdf c;kmntf, k|]ldk|]ldsfsf] la5f]8 Pj+ /ftf/ft wgL aGg] ;kgf b]lv ca}w a:t' cf];f/k;f/df nfUg' / s'ntdf km:b}hfg' nfu"kbfy{ cyf{t nfu"cf}ifw b'Jo{;gdf kg'{sf d"Vo sf/0fx? /x]sf 5g . nfu"kbfy{sf] cg}lts ;]jg tyf Jofkf/af6 Psftkm{ laleGg lsl;dsf ck/fw Pj+ cftªssf] l;h{gf eO{/x]sf] 5 eg] csf]{ tkm{ /fi6« lgdf{0fdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ ;Sg] hgzlQm v]/ uO{/x]sf] 5 . nfu"cf}ifwx? w]/} lsl;dsf x'G5g / ;a}nfO{ Ps} zAbdf eGg'kbf{ gf/sf]l6s elgG5 . h;sf] cy{ r]tgf lxg x'G5 . logLx?df cfkm"df x/fpg], c6]/L ug]{, :jfyL{, ca'em tyf zfl//Ls Pj+ dfgl;s ?kdf sdhf]/ x'g] ub{5g . b'Jo{;gsf] cf];f/ k;f/ / k|of]u cfh ;+;f/ el/ g} lrGtfsf] laifo ag]sf 5 . o;n] k|of]u stf{sf] hLjg dfq xf]O{g ;fdflhs kl/a]z cfly{s l:ylt g} tx;gx; agfPsf] 5 . obL d}n] tkfO{x?nfO{ tkfO{x? b'v s] sf nflu / s;sf nflu ul//xg' ePsf] 5 eg] eg] ;fob hjfkm ldl>t cfpg ;S5, cfˆg} nflu, kl/jf/sf nflu, ;Gtfgsf nflu, b]zsf nflu . h;n] nfu"cf}ifwsf] cf];f/k;f/ Jofkf/ ul//xg'ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] klg cfˆg} nflu kl/jf/sf nflu ;Gtfgsf nflu cyjf cfdfafa'sf nflu g} b'v ul/ /xg' ePsf] 5 . h;/L nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]un] w]/}sf afnaflnsf, 5f]/f5f]/, cfdfafa'sf] cj:yf g/fd|f] ;+u lalu|Psf] 5 . ;Gtfg lalxgtfsf] ca:yf l;h{gf ePsf] 5, afnaflnsf cfdfafa' lalxg ePsf 5g s] csf{sf] ;j{:j phf8 kf/]/ cfˆgf] 3/ agfpg] kl/sNkgf ug'{ /fd|f] xf]t < cjZo klg xf]O{g, cfkmgf afnaflnsfsf] dfof dfGg] dfG5]n] ;f]Rg'k¥of] c?sf kflg ;Gtfg x'g cfdfafa' x'g / ;Gtfgk|lt ;a} cfdfafa'sf] dfof TolQs} /xG5 . 5nsk6 ;] sdfof wg ;] x/af/ b'v xL b'v b]tf x} < cyf{t c?nfO{ b'v lbP/ 5nsk6 u/]/ sdfPsf] wgn] cfkm"nfO{ klg /fd|f] ub}{g ;w} b'v dfq} lbG5 . dgdf cfgGb t ;Tsd{n] sdfPsf] wgn] dfq lbG5 To;}n] nfu"kbfy{ cf];f/ k;f/ sfo{ ;fdflhs ck/fw xf], sfg"gL ?kdf klg o;sf] sf/ f]af/ tyf k|of]udf aGb]h nufO{Psf] 5 . To;}n] o;sf] sf/f]af/ tyf k|of]u ug'{ /fd|f] xf]O{g . tkfO{sf] l5d]ssf lxhf]eGbf cfhst} k[ys / leGg tyf pRr hLjgz}nL ckgfO{Psf] t 5}g obL 5 eg] To;sf nflu k};fsxfFaf6 cfof] / ;|f]t s] xf] < a'emg] u/f}F st} Tof] nfu"cf}ifwsf] Jofkf/af6 cfPsf] sfnf] wg kf] xf]sL < t/ ofb /fVg'xf]; c;n rl/qsf] 5ftfd'lg a:g]nfO{ 3fd kfgLn] ;d]t s]xL ug{ ;Sb}g . ;a}n] cfkmgf] sd{sf] kmn ef]Ug'kb{5 . rd]/fx?nfO{ ?Fvsf xfFufdf pFwf]d'G6f] kf/]/ em'l08g nufof] < s] s;}n] 3[0ffk"j{s ltgLx?nfO{ 6fpsf] d'lGt/ kf/]/ em'08fPsf] xf] t < cFx of] t pgLx?sf] lgotL xf] . To:t} sd{sf] kmnx? ef]Ugaf6 sf]xL klg aRg ;Sb}g . ofb /fVg'xf]; tkfO{ nfu"cf}ifwsf] k|of]ustf{ eP tkfO{sf ;fyL;+uLx? slxNo} klg rfxfb}ggsL tkfO{ o;af6 d'Qm x'g'xf]; . To;}n] laleGg :yfgdf laleGg cj:yfdf kf6L{ lkslgs e]63f6df, ljBfnox?df jf nfu"cf}ifw s]Gb|x?df tkfO{ kl/ aGbdf kg{ ;Sg'x'G5 . s;}n] eGnfg Ps k6s ljrf/ u/]/ t x]/, sf]xL eGnfg clnslt lnb}df s] x'G5/ < s;}n] t tkfO{dfly y'Sb} gfdb{ klg eGnfg < o:tf knx?n] g} tkfO{nfO{ sdhf]/ agfpg ;S5 c;n sbd 8Udufpg ;S5 . tkfO{ o;af6 d'Qm x'gsf nflu cfkm' / cfˆgf] dgnfO{ ;w} alnof] agfpg'xf]; / cfTd;+od /fVg'xf]; . l;w} eGg'xf]; M gf] of] /fd|f] xf]O{g ;S5f} eg] ltldx? klg 5f]8 . sd;]sd dnfO{ gkm;fp / ;w} cfˆgf] af]lndf cl8u /xg'xf]; . @,$ kN6 k5f8L tkfO{sf ;flynfO{ klg s/ ug{ nfh nfUg yfN5 . s'/f abNg'xf]; / s'/fnfO{ cs}{ lt/ df]8g'xf]; / eGg''xf]; a? hfp Jof8ldG6g v]Nglt/ jf c? o:t} s'g} . P cfO{h g Ps l5g df]h u/}f egL eGbf l;w} eGg'xf]; of] klg df]h xf] d]/f] z/L/df d ljifx? eg{ rfxfGg . hf]s ug'{xf]; d}n] d]/f] dg dlitis ;+u ;Demf}tf ul/;s] d}n] o;sf] k|of]u ulb{g / logn] klg /fd|/L sfd ug]{5g . t h:tf] d xf]O{g Sof cj t al8 agfpg' knf{ < of] cj:yfaf6 aflx/ lgl:sg tkfO{ eGg'xf]; M 3/ jf sIffdf hfg l9nf eof] cf]s] afO{ . s;}n] eGnfg tF sft/ lsg 8/fp5; M tkfO{ eGgf]; csfnd} dg'{eGbf t sfFt/ g} a]; xf]O{g/ t]/f] nflu t/ ;dfh / kl/jf/df /fd|f] dfG5] eG5g . cem} yKg'xf]; M tF d]/f] ;fyL sL b'Zdg d]/f] 8fS6/n] of] g5'g' eg]sf] 5 . afxfgf agfpg'xf]; M cfdf afa'n] cfvf x]5{g s]/ u5{jf p;nfO{ e]6g hfg'5 dnfO{ df5]{ . To:tf s/ ug]{ ;fyLx?sf] ;+ut 5f]8g'xf]; . n]vs uf}td o'jf ;~hfn ?s'dsf] cWoIf x'g . s'g}klg b]zsf] x/]]s kIfnfO{ k|efa kfg]{ dxTjk'0f{ kIf lzIff If]q xf] . lzIff lagf s'g} /fHosf] pGgtL / k|ult x'g ;S5}g . lzIff ;a}eGbf dxTjk'0f{ kIf ePsf sf/0f ;/sf/n] laif]z k|fyfldstfsf ;fy o; If]qdf nufgL ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . h;/L lzIff If]qdf s/f]8f} nufgL ug]{ u/]sf] ePklg laBfyL{x? eg] s/f]8sf] s ;d]t lrGg ufx|f] 5 . k|fyflds lzIffnfO{ /fli6«o :t/af6} dfkg gul/g] ePklg dfWoflds txsf] P;Pn;L glthf eg] o;s} kl/0ffdsf ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . o; aif{sf] P;P;;L kl/Iffsf] glthf /fli6«o :t/af6} lgs} sd k|ltzt xf] . h;df ?s'dsf] k|ltzt eg] cem} v:s]sf] 5 . s]lx lbg cl3 lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ?s'dn] ;b/d'sfd dl;sf]6 vn+ufdf ;fa{hlgs /x]sf] tYof+s cg';f/ lhNnfdf s'n laBfyL{sf] #) bzdna &% k|lt;t dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{ ePsf 5g . ;'GgnfO{ klg nfhnfUbf] glthfdf s]lx laBfnox?df Pp6f klg laBfyL{x? kf; x'g ;s]sf 5}gg eg] st} ePsf]df klg ;odf b'O{rf/ hgf laBfyL{ . csf]{ crDdsf] s'/f t ;b/d'sfd cf;kf;df /x]sf s]lx laBfnox?n] ;d]t rf/ k|ltzt dfq laBfyL{ plt0f{ u/fPsf 5g eg] b'u{dsf s]lx laBfnox?n] yf]/} ;+Vofdf ePklg ztk|ltzt laBfyL{ plt{0f u/fPsf 5g . oxfF g lt laBfnox?n] cg'lt0f{ u/fP/ ;'v kfPsf 5g gt ;tk|ltzt plt0f{ agfP/ g} . b'a} laBfnosf] glthfx?sf] e/f]iff s;}nfO{ nfu]sf] 5}g . ;b/d'sfdsf laBfnox?df b'u{dsf laBfnox? eGbf sd k9fP/ laBfyL{ kf;km]ndf km/s eof] eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfUb}g hxfF lzIff k|0ffnLdf c;dfgtf 5 . s]lx glhssf] eGb} cg'ud0f ul//xg] / st} b'u{dsf gfddf gugf{n] b'v u/]sf lzIfsn] kfpg] ku/L lr6 rf]/fpg] lzIfsx?n] gkfpnfg eGg ;lsb}g . csf]{ s'/f o; k6ssf] P;Pn;L glthf v:sg'df s]lx Ps b'O{6f kIfnfO{ klg s]lGb|t u/]kl5 oxfF ;a} kIfsf] plQs} sdhf]/L /x]sf] b]lvG5 . lzIfsn] k9fP/ cfkmgf] bfloTj k'/f gu/}s} x'g eg] laBfyL{x? klg cfkmgf] cWoognfO{ st{Ao g7fg]s} x'g . To:t} cg'udg ug]{ lzIff sfof{no nufot cGo ;ldlt / pk;ldltx?n] klg eQfnfO{ dfq s]lGb|t ubf{ ;dfg / :jtGq?kdf cg'udg gu/]s} x'g eg] lzIfs ;+3;+u7gx? lzIff eGbf /fhg}lts tyf cfkmgf] dfq xsclwsf/sf af/]df s]lGb|t /xg'klg csf]{ ;d:of xf] . To;sf/0f csf]{ aif{b]lv lhNnfsf] glhtf ;'wf/ ug]{ xf] eg] oL ;a} kIfn] cfkmgf] sdhf]/Lx?nfO{ s]nfP/ cufl8 a9]nf o:tf] lg/f;fhgs ;ldIff x'b}GYof]sL < t/ s]lx ;+:yfut laBfnox?n] u/]sf] ztk|ltzt laBfyL{nfO{ /fd|f] ;kmntfsf ?kdf lng'kb{5 .
  • 3. # !* c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  cfxf s'/fsfgL  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  4G4kl5 ?s''dsf] lasf;n] km8sf] dfb{} 5 . sfG5f] kqsfl/tf==== ?s'd !@ jif]{ z;:q 4Gbjf6 k|efljt lhNnf xf] . zflGt :yfkgf ;Fu} ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf; lgdf0f{sf of]hgfx?n] km8sf] df/L/x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] cj:yfdf ljsf; lgdf0f{sf of]hgfx?df ;Dk'0f{ ?s'djf;Lx? Psh'6 eO{/x]sf 5g . lasf; sfo{df nfUg k|]/0ff / ;xof]u lbg] lgsfodf lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] klg 7'nf] e'ldsf /xg] u/]sf] 5 . a]nf a]nf ?s'dsf] lasf; sfo{df ;lqmo ;xof]u u/]sf e/ts'df/ zdf{ @)^* ;fnb]lv ?s'dsf] :yflgo lasf; clwsf/Lsf] ?kdf sfo{/t 5g . sd{ynf] / hGdyfn] ?s'd agfPsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{n] lghfdlt ;]jfdf #! jif{ nfdf] cg'ej a6'Nn'sf ;fy} @)&) ;fnsf] u0ftGq lbj;sf] cj;/df ;Ddfglgo /fi6«ktL 8f= /fdj/0f ofba af6 k|an hg;]jf >L kbsjf6 lae'lift ;d]t ePsf 5g . ?s'd lhNnfsf] ;du| ljsf; lgdf0f{ tyf r'gf}ltsf laifodf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{;+u cfxf ;~rf/sf nflu ;xsld{ k|lj/ bb]nn] u/]sf] s'/fsfgL M :yfgLo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{‡ lhNnfdf lasf; lgdf{0fsf of]hgfx? s] s:tf /x]sf 5g < ?s'd lhNnfsf a[xt of]hgfx? dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf] 6«ofs sl6Ë, /fKtL nf]sdfu{sf] cf]6fl;n ug]{ sfo{ / ;Nn] ladfg:yn sfnf] kq] ug]{ sfo{ cufl8 a9L /x]sf] 5 eg] c? lgoldt of]hgfx? :yfgLo ;8s lgdf{0f, vfg]kfgL of]hgf, l;+rfO{, emf]nªu] k'n, laBfno lgdf{0f nufotsf cGo lalaw ;fdflhs k'jf{wf/ lgdf{0f sfo{x? e}/x]sf 5g . lhNnfdf d'l;sf]6 ;fgf zx/L vfg]kfgL of]hgf, dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf] :t/f]Gglt / ;8s lgdf{0f, RRSDP sf] bf];|f] r/0fsf] sfd cufl8 a9L/x]sf] 5 . :ofk'{bx ;fgf hn ljB't sf] :Q/f]Gglt, ko{6lso k'jf{wf/sf sfdx? nufot u'/LNnf 6«]ssf] cfwf/e't lgdf{0f sfo{x? nufot ?s'd pHofnf] sfo{qmd cGt{utsf of]hgfx? klg lgdf{0f sfo{n] ltj|tf lng] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' . clxn] lhNnf leq sl/j #* uf=lj=;=x?nfO{ ;8s ;+hfnn] glhlsofPsf] 5 . o;}u/L ;fdflhs lasf; cGtu{t v'nf lbzf d'Qm uf=lj=;=,k'0f{ vf]k d'Qm uf=lj=;=,3/ leqsf] w'jfd'Qm uf=lj=;=,jfnd}qL uf=lj=;=,5'jf5'd'Qm uf=lj=;=,lg/ If/ d'Qm uf=lj=;=,jfn ljjfx / n}+lus lx+;fd'Qm uf=lj=;= 3f]if0f ug]{ nufotsf ;j} nlIft au{sf r]tgfd'ns sfo{qmdx? x'b} 5g . ‡ ?s'd lhNnfsf] ljsf;sf of]hgfx? lgdf0f{ ug{ sxfF sxfFaf6 ah]6 k|fKt x'g] u/]sf] 5 < lhNnfsf ljsf; of]hgf lgdf{0fsf nflu g]kfn ;/sf/,ljZj a}+s,Pl;ofnL lasf; a+}s,;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo lasf; sfo{qmd,;]e b lrN8]«g, o'P;cfO8L,s]o/ g]kfn nufot ljleGg bft[ ;+:yfx?sf] ;xof]un] ;/sf/L / u}/;/sf/L lgsfo dfkm{t ah]6 k|fKt e} lhNnfsf ljsf; lgdf{0f sfo{ cufl8 a9]sf] 5 . tL lgsfoaf6 k|fKt ah]6sf] cfFs8f cf=j=sf] clGtd ;Dddf jflif{s ;dLIff sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;fj{hlgs ul/g]5 . ‡ tkfO{sf] kfnfdf ePsf] dxTjdk'0f{ ljsf;sf of]hgfx? s] s] x'g < o; cjlwdf lhNnfn] ;8s lgdf{0fdf pNn]lvt k|ult xfl;n u/]sf] 5 . dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf] lgdf{0f tyf lhNnfsf k|d'v k|fyldstfsf of]hgfx?af6 ?s'd]nL hgtf nfeflGjt ePsf 5g . To:t} RRRSDP sf] klxnf] r/0fsf] ;8s lgdf{0faf6 d'l;sf]6 :ofk'{bx of]hgfsf] lgdf{0f, ?s'd pHofnf] sfo{qmdn] ult lnb} u|fdL0f ljB'lts/0fdf hf]8, lhNnfnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm agfpg] cleofg, laleGg emf]n'Ë] k'nsf] lgdf{0f nufot ko{6gsf] If]qdf ?s'd lhNnfn] gofF uGtJosf] ;'?jft u/]sf] 5 . of] ;Fu} u'/LNnf kbdfu{sf] klxrfg / k|sfzg, l;:g] lxdfnsf] cf/f]x0f ljleGg ko{6lso If]qsf] lgdf{0f, ko{6g u'?of]hgfsf] lgdf{0f, afne]nfsf] cfof]hgf, 5'jf5'td'Qm uf=lj=;=lgdf{0f tof/L, sf];]nL 3/af6 ?s'd a|f08sf ;fdfg pTkfbg ug]{ sfo{sf] yfngL, vfB ;'/Iffsf nflu cGg esf/L lgdf{0f, vn+uf ahf/sf] kmf]xf]/ Joj:yfkg of]hgf, dft[lzz' :jf:Yosf nflu ljleGg sfo{qmd, ue{jtL dlxnfx?sf nflu lhNnfd} ck/];g ;'ljwfsf] pknAwtf nufotsf sfo{qmdn] k|fyldstf kfPsf 5g . ‡ lasf;n] lhNnfdf s] s:tf] kl/jt{g cfp5 / s;/L cfly{s ;fdflhs, lzIff, :jf:Yo, /f]huf/L ;[hgf u/]sf] 5 . b]zdf !@ jif]{ 4G4 ;dfKtL ;Fu} zflGt :yfkgf kl5 ?s'd lhNnfn] cfly{s ;fdflhs z}lIfs :jf:Yo / /f]huf/Lsf If]qdf pNn]vgLo k|ult xfl;n u/]sf] 5 . ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0fsf nflu ‡ ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf; ah]6 slt 5 < ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf rfn' jif{sf] ‡ ?s'd lhNnfdf ljsf; lgdf0f{ of]hgfx?nfO{ k|efj kfg]{ ;j}eGbf 7'nf r'gf}lt ÷;d:ofx? s] s] 5g < ?s'd !@ jif]{ z;:q 4Gbaf6 cToGt k|efljt lhNnf xf] . ef}uf]lns ljs6tf / ;8ssf] kx'Fr ;j} If]qdf gePsf] c:ktfn, lrlsT;s, cf}ifwL / pks/0f c;'ljwf /x]sf]n] ;fdfGo cj:yfdf klg pkrf/sf] nfuL lhNnf aflx/ hfg' kg]{ jfWotf /x]sf] 5 . /f]huf/Lsf] cefj, k|ofKt ah]6 k|fKt gx'g', hgtfsf cl;ldt cfjZostf ;u} ul/jL / cefj, r]tgfsf] sdLsf sf/0f lhNnfsf] ljsf; ultljlw cuf8L a9fpg 7'nf] r'gf}lt 5 . o;sf nflu pRr /fhg}lts WoP, lhNnf l:yt /fhg}lts bn, ljifout lgsfo, ;+3 ;+:yfsf] ;lqmotf, ;dGjo / hg;xeflutfaf6 dfq} oL ;d:ofx?sf] Go'lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . ;fdflhs kl/rfng dfkm{t ljleGg sfdx?sf] z'?jft u/LPsf] 5 . ljleGg Joj;fodf ljsf; lgdf0f{sf ;fy /f]huf/L :yfkgf u/LPsf] 5 . lhNnfdf lj1fg lzIff SofDk; pdflj, dfljx?sf] yk l:js[tL, :jf:Yosf k'jf{wf/x?sf] lgdf{0f, ;a} uflj;df k|;'lt u[xsf] lgdf{0f sfo{nfO{ k|fyfldstf, o'jf, dlxnf, blnt hghflt, ckf+u, h]i7 gful/sx?nfO{ ;]jf ;'ljwfdf kx'Fr, z}lIfs :t/ pGgtL nufot v'Nnf lbzf d'Qm cleofgdf kl5Nnf] ;dodf ltj|tf kfO{Psf] 5 . ue{jtL ;Dd]ngsf] ;'?jft, o'jf ;'rgf s]Gb|df hf]8, ue{jtL 3/ kl/rokq lbg] sfo{sf] ;'?jft, klZrdL pRr kxf8L sfo{qmd cGtu{t ul/jL lgjf/0f sfo{qmd, ul/jL lgjf/0f sf]if dfkm{t cfly{s / ;fdflhs k'jf{wf/sf] ljsf; eO{/x]sf]n] oxfFsf hgtfsf] cj:yfdf s]xL ;'wf/ ePsf] /f]huf/Lsf cj;/ klg >[hgf u/]sf] 5 . To:t} t/sf/L ljp pTkfbg / ;xsf/Lx?sf] :yfkgfn] ;d]t yk /f]huf/Lsf cj;/ k|fKt ePsf 5g . ah]6 36]sf] ca:yf xf] . cfufdL jif{sf nflu ;dod} ljlgof]hg ah]6 cfof] eg] hgtfx?nfO{ yk ljsf;sf] cfjZostf k'/f ug{ ;lsG5 . ;a} s'n ah]6sf] l:ylt jflif{s ;ldIff u/]/ ;fj{hlgs ul/g]5 . . To;}nfO{ ;b'kof]usf] ?kdf glnO{ las[lt dRrfpg] tl/ sfaf6 lasl;t eof] eg] To;n] yk hl6ntf k}bf ug{ ;S5 . slt cgnfOg kqsf/Ltfdf 5g eGg] tYofªs gx'Fbf s;n] s] ;dfrf/ k|sfl;t u¥of] eGg] ;d]t cGof}ntf 5fPsf] 5 . olb To:tf] b'?kof]usf] 36gf ;fa{hlgs eP cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f !% n] k|sfzg, k|;f/0f tyf 5fkfvfgf ;DalGw xsdf ljB'tLo dfWodnfO{ cfd;~rf/sf c? dfWod;/x dfg]sf] 5 . @)^# sf] ljB'tLo sf/f]af/ P]gn] cgflws[t ?kdf ljB'tLo dfWodsf] b'?kof]unfO{ c+s'z nufPsf] 5 . To;df ;~rf/ dfWoddf To:tf laB'tLo :j?kdf laifoa:t' k|sfzg eP u}/sfg'gL laifoa:t'sf] k|sfzgnfO{ laB'tLo sf/f]jf/ P]g @)^# sf] bkmf $& n] s;'/ dfg]sf] 5 . o:tf] sfddf ;DnUg kqsf/fnfO{ bkmf $& bkmfdf cg';f/ s;'/ u/]df % aif{;Dd s}b jf ! nfv ;Dd hl/jfgf jf b'a} x'g ;Sg] Aoj:yf u/]sf] 5 . t/ k|]; sfplG;n jf kqsf/ cfrf/;+lxtfsf] :jod;]jL cg'dug ug]{ kqsf/ dxf;+3 h:tf lgsfodf klg cgnfOg kqsfl/tfnfO{ s;/L ;d]6g] eGg] lglZrt dfkb08 ag]sf] 5}g . h;n] cgnfOg kqsf/Ltf Aojl:yt aGg ;s]sf] 5}g . cfxf ;~rf/ dfu]/ xf]O{g, lsg]/ k9g] afgL a;fnf}+ . d'? klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff cfxf ;~rf/  d'?,?s'd ?s'd lhNnfsf & j6f ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf 5g . z'qmaf/ lhNnfsf] d'? ufla;nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ul/P;u} & cf]6f ufla;x? k'u]sf x'g . uflj;sf ;j} 3/ tyf ;fj{hlgs 7fpFdf zf}rfno lgdf{0f tyf cfwf/e't ;/;kmfO{sf sfd ;lsPkl5 d'?nfO{ v'nf lbzf d'Qm uflj; 3f]if0f ul/Psf] xf] . lhNnf vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ :jR5tf ;dGjo ;ldltsf] lg0f{o cg';f/ d'? v'nf lbzf d'St uflj; ag]sf] xf] . o; ;u} v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;x?df k'lt{dsfF8f, cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª, dUdf, vf/f / ?F3f ufla; /x]sf 5g . ;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dsf $# j6} ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ug]{ nIo /flvPsf] 5 . clxn] lhNnfsf afFsL ufla;x?df klg cleofgs} ?kdf v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff tyf cfaZos k'a{wf/ lgdf0f{ ug]{ sfo{ wdfwd e}/x]sf] 5 .
  • 4.  ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  ?=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )(÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $ cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no, ?s'dsf] cg'/f]w . æcuf{gLs pTkfbg xfd|f] rfxfgf, :j:Yo hLjg xfd|f] sfdgfÆ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] u0ftGq :yfkgf kl5sf] bf]>f] lhNnf kl/ifbn] tklzndf pNn]lvt uf=lj=;= x?nfO{ cuf{gLs pTkfbg x'g] uf=lj=;= x?sf] ?kdf k|dfl0fs/0f ug]{ ljifo kfl/t u/]sf]n] pQm uf=lj=;= x?df /f;folgs dn tyf /f;folgs ljiffbLx?sf] ljlqmljt/0f tyf k|of]u gu{g'x'g ;f] If]qsf ;Dk'0f{ Jofkf/L tyf s[ifsx?df xflb{s cg'/f]w ul/G5 . cuf{gLs If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf uf=lj=;x? ts;]/f, /Gdfd}sf]6, hfË, KjfË, sfFqmL, dxt, df]/fjfË sf+8f, /fª;L, sf]n, uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, r'gjfË x'sfd / l;:g] dfly pNn]lvt uf=lj=;= x?df /f;folgs dn tyf /f;folgs ljiffbLx?sf] ;§f h}ljs dn tyf h}ljs ljiffbLx?sf] ljlqm ljt/0f tyf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] 5 . /f;folgs dn tyf /f;folgs ljiffbL k|of]udf /f]s nufO{ cuf{gLs pTkfbg x'g] If]q k|dfl0fs/0fdf ;xeflu jgf} . s'nk|;fb clwsf/L al/i7 s[lif ljsf; clws[t lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no, ?s'd ;kmf /xf}+,:j:Yo agf}+ / ;Eo gful/ssf] kl/ro lbcf}+ . ;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm lhNnf agfpg ;lqmo ;xof]u u/f}+ .. k|To]s 3/df rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/f}+ . lhNnf k|flalws sfof{no ?s'd ljZj vfB sfo{qmd / g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf] ;+o'Qm cfly{s ;xof]u / Pd8LcfO{ g]kfnsf] k|fljlws ;xof]udf ?s'd lhNnfsf laleGg cf7 ufla;x?df ;+rflnt sfdsf nflu vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . @)^( ;fn sflt{s #) b]lv z'? ePsf] sfo{qmd @)&) c;f/ !^ ut]b]lv ;DkGg ePsf] Pdl8cfO{ g]kfnsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs O{lGhlgo/ k|sf; ;fksf]6fn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷)&) cjlwsf nflu ;+rflnt u|fld0f ;fd'bflos k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sfo{qmd cGt{ut sfdsf nflu vfBfGGf sfo{qmd lhNnfsf] k'lt{dsfF8f, u/fonf, cf7lj;8f8fufFp, cf7lj;sf]6, uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, sf]n / ts;]/f ufla;x?df ;+rfngdf /x]sf lyP . æsfo{qmd cawLe/ ?s'dsf :yflgo hgtfx?sf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf /x]sf]df wGoafb lbg rfxfG5'Æ pgn] eg], æo;k6ssf] sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePklg :yflgo hgtfx?sf] dfu /x]sf]n] ;se/ l56} gofF kl/of]hgf NofP/ ?s'd cfp5f} .Æ o; cawLsf lhNnfsf laleGg u|fld0f ;8s, 3f]8]6f] af6f] tyf t6aGw lgdf0f{ nufotsf laleGg sfdx? ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . cf/l;cfO{8An'sf sfo{qmd O{lGhlgo/ xl/x/ e08f/Lsf cg';f/ o; sfo{qmd cGt/ut u|fld0f ;8s !#=$%, 3f]8]6f] af6f] !)=#) lsnf]ld6/ tyf t6aGw lgdf0f{ % ;o @@ 3gld6/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . æo; sfo{qmddf ;xefuL !& ;o (@ 3/ w'/LnfO{ #^) rfdn / $% d]l6«s6g bfn lat/0f ul/Psf] 5Æ pgn] eg] . o; sfo{qmd ;+rfng ePklg oxfFl:yt lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;sf :yflgo afl;Gbfx?n] lasf; tyf vfBfGgdf 7'nf] ;xof]u kfPsf] atfPsf 5g . cf7la;sf]6 ! sf rdf/] 3lt{n] o; sfo{qmd cGt/ut cfkmgf] ufpF3/df 3f8]6f] af6f] lgdf0f{ ePkl5 cfkm'x?sf] b}lgsLdf ;xhtf cfPsf] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ klxn] vRr8 lx8bf ckm7]/f] x'Fbf lx88'n ubf{ w]/} vRr/x? n8]/ d/]sf] ePklg 3f8]6f] af6f] lgdf0f{ ePkl5 vRr/b]lv uffO{a:t' r/fpg lgs} ;lhnf] ePsf] atfP . To:t} ts;]/f & pkNnf] ;]/fsf *% alif{o /fdwg a'7fnfO{ dg]{ a]nfdf cfkmg} ufpFdf ul8x? b]VgkfPkl5 lgs} v'l; 5g . sfdsf nflu vfBfGg sfo{qmd cGt/ut ;+rflnt tNnf];]/f 9f]/kf6g v08 u|fld0f ;8s lgdf0f{sf] sfd k'/f ePklg o;/L v'l; ePsf x'g . æo; sfo{qmdn] xfd|f] o:tf] las6 7fpFdf ;8s klg agfO{lbof] a'/fa'/LnfO{ eft klg v'jfof]Æ a'9fn] eg], ælhNnfsf] b'u{ddf ePklg dg]{ a]nfdf ufl8df]6/ b]Vg kfO{of] .Æ To:t} lhNnfsf cGo ufla;sf :yflgo afl;Gbf?xn] klg o; sfo{qmd cGt/ut s]lx g s]lx ;]jf ;'lawfx? kfPsf] k|ltlqmof lbPsf 5g . ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{ klg o; sfo{qmdn] lgwf{l/t ;dod} cfkmgf] sfd k'/f u/]sf]df wGoafbsf] kfq ePsf] atfP . æ ufpFsf] lasf; ug{ tyf vfBfGg ;d:of 6fg{ sfo{qmddf hgtfx?sf] k'0f{ ;xefuLtfdf /x]sf] d}n] kfPsf] 5'Æ :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{n] eg] . sfdsf nflu vfBfGg sfdsf nflu vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;DkGgcfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd sfo{qmd cGt{ut ;+rflnt of]hgfx?sf] yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu dfyL tflnsf x]g'{xf]; M ;xsld{ ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf ;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf k|sfzg ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy} klqsf lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf AoQm ub{5' . lzIff kqsf/ ;d'x,?s'd nId0f s];L ;+of]hs cfTdLo ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf ;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf k|sfzg ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy} klqsf lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf AoQm ub{5' . ;fd'bflos l;+rfO{ cfof]]hgf,?s'd ?b|uf]kfn 8fFuL cl;i6]G6 ;j O{lGhlgo/ qm+ ;+ Uflj; of]hgfsf] k|sf/ OsfO kl/df0f 3/w'/L ;+Vof ljt/Lt vfBfGg rfdn –d]=6_ bfn –d]=6_ ! cf7jL;8f8fuf pF u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL !=( @!& $$=**( %=^!! @ t6aGw lgdf{0f ls=dL )=% df %@@ 3=dL @& !)=%^$ !=#@! # cf7jL;sf]6 u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL @=! @$# $%=(@$ %=&$! $ 3f]8]6f] jf6f] ls=dL !=( #) $=(@& )=^!^ % uf]tfdsf]6 3f]8]6f] jf6f] ls=dL $=$ !^& #$=^^^ $=### ^ :ofnfvbL 3f]8]6f] jf6f] ls=dL $=) !%^ #%=))) $=#&% & sf]n u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL !=& @@& $(=$() ^=!*^ * Tfs;]/f u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL @=) @#^ $(=&$) ^=@!* ( k"tL{dsfF8f u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL !=&% @!@ $$=*)) %=^)) !) u/fonf u|fdL0f ;8s ls=dL $=) @&& $)=))) %=))) hDDff !&(@ #^)=))) $%=)))