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P8; eGgfn] PSjfo8{ ODo"g 8]kmLl;oG;L l;G8«f]d eGg]       hfgsf/Lsf] nflu lgDg tYo kqx¿df x]g{ ;lsG5 .                Psgf;;+u /lx/xg ;S5g .
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• PSjfo8{ eGgfn] o;jf6 ;+qmldt x'g ;Qm5                   • !%! M ;'l/Ift of}g ;Dks{ lgb]{lzsf                        hj Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf] dflg;sf] z/L/sf]
       -hGd] kl5 k|fKt x'g]_ .                            • !%@ M of] slQsf] hf]lvd k"0f{ 5 <                         k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLdf ulDe/ ¿kn] Iflt k'Ub5 . tj
• ODo"gf] 8]kmLl;oG;L eGgfn] z/L/df /f]usf]               /f]u lgoGq0f / /f]uyfd s]Gb|n] u/]sf] Ps cg'[dfg            To;nfO{ P8; ePsf] elgG5 . olb tkfO{sf] ;L8L
       lj¿4df n8g] Ifdtfdf sld x'g' -k|lt/Iff            cg';f/ !) nfv b]lv !@ nfv cd]l/sLx¿ Pr cfO{                 kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{x¿ @)) eGbf sd cyjf ;L8L
       Ifdtfdf sdL x'g'_ .                                eL ;+qmd0fjf6 lk8Lt 5g . h; dWo] Ps rf}yfO{nfO{             kmf]/ !$ k|ltzt eGbf sd ePdf tkfO{nfO{ P8;
• l;G8«f]d eGgfn] ljleGg k|sf/sf /f]usf ¿kdf              cfk'm ;+qmldt ePsf] jf/]df ;d]t yfxf 5}g . k|To]s           ePsf] elgG5 . l;=8L=kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{ af/] yk
       b]vf kg]{ nIf0fx¿ .                                jif{ sl/j $),))) gofF ;+qmldtx¿ e]l6G5g                     hfgsf/Lsf nflu tYo kq !@$ df x]g'{ xf]nf . olb
Pr cfO{ eL cyf{t Xo"dg -dflg;df x'g]_ ODo"gf]             h;dWo] sl/j &% k|ltzt k'¿if / sl/j @% k|ltzt                tkfO{nfO{ df}sfk/s -cj;/jfbL_ ;+qmd0fx¿n]
l8kmLl;oG;L -k|lt/Iff zlQmdf sdL x'g]_ efO{/;             dlxnf 5g . gofF ;+qmldt ePsf ;+Vofsf] cfwf                  cfqmd0f ub{5g eg] tkfO{nfO{ P8; ePsf] elgG5 .
-hLjf0f'_ sf sf/0fx¿jf6 P8; x'G5 . olb tkfO{ Pr          xK;Lx¿ 5g . hasL pgLx¿sf] ;+Vof cd]l/sL s'n                ;]G6/ km/ 8LhLh sG6«f]n -l; 8L ;L_ n] t}of/ kf/]sf]
cfO{ eLjf6 ;+qmldt x'g'eof] eg] z/L/n]g} To;              hg;+Vofsf] !@Ü dfq 5 . ;g !(() sf] dWolt/                  df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf] cflwsfl/s ;'rL dWo] ;j}
;+qmd0f;Fu n8g] sf]l;; u5{ . o;n] Pr=cfO{=eL= ;Fu                                                                    eGbf jl9 k|rlnt ;+qmd0fx¿ lgDg jdf]lhd 5g M
n8gsf nflu æPl06al8hÆ ljz]if df]n]So"N; agfpF5 .
                                                          d[To' x'g]x¿sf] k|d'v sf/0fdf P8;nfO{ lnOGYof] eg]
Pr cfO{ eL eP gePsf] x]g{sf] nflu ul/g] /ut               xfn P8;sf] gofF gofF pkrf/ k4tLx¿sf] ljsf;n]               • kL ;L kL -lgdf];fO{l:6s lgdf]lgof_ kmf]S;f]df
k/LIf0fdf olb Pr cfO{ eL sf] lj¿4             n8g]       ubf{ o;jf6 d[To' x'g]x¿sf] ;+Vofdf pNn]Vflgo ¿kn]              ;+qmd0f . tYo kq %!% df x]g{ ;lsG5 .
k|lt/f]wfTds zlQm -P06Lj8Lh_ 5 5}g eg]/ x]l/G5 .          s6f}tL ePsf] kfO{G5 . yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu ;+o'St             • s] P; -sfkf]l;; ;fqmf]df_ 5fnfsf] SofG;/ . tYo
olb /utdf of] e]l6Pdf o;sf] dtna Pr=cfO{=eL=              /fHo cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] tYo kq http://www.niaid.nih.             kq %!! df x]g{ ;lsG5 .
                                                          gov/factsheets/aidsstat.htm. df x]g{ ;lsG5 .
;+qmd0f 5 . hf] dflg;x¿sf] Pr=cfO{=eL= PG6Lal8h                                                                      • l; Pd eL -;fOsf]d]ufnf] efO{/;_ ;fdfGotof
e]l6G5 ltgLx¿nfO{ Pr=cfO{=eL= kf]lhl6e elgG5 . Pr         Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0f ePdf s] x'G5 <                              cfFvfdf c;/ kfg]{ ;+qmd0f . tYo kq %)$ df x]g{
cfO{ eL k/LIf0fsf] ;DjGwdf yk hfgsf/L tYo kq              Pr cfO eL ;+qmd0f ePsf] t'¿Gt} yfxf gx'g ;S5 .                 ;lsG5 /
!)@ df /x]sf] 5 .                                         s]xL dflg;x¿nfO{ Hj/f] cfpg], 6fpsf] b'Vg], 3fF6L
Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt b]lvg' jf Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf]                                                                  • Sofg8L8f, Pp6f kmËn ;+qmd0f xf] . h:fn] d"vdf
                                                          b'Vg], z/L/sf] df+zk]zL, hf]gL{, k]6 b'Vg], u|GyL ;'lgP/       -;]tf]_, 3fF6Ldf, of]gLdf ;+qmd0f x'G5 . tYo kq
eGg' / P8; nfu]sf] eGg' Pp6} s'/f xf]Og . w]/}           cfpg], 5fnfdf vl6/f cfpg] cflb nIf0fx¿ Ps jf
dflg;x¿df Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt b]lvPtf klg w]/} jif{                                                                       %)! df x]g{ ;lsG5 .
;Dd lj/fdL g} ePsf x'b}gg . Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf]
                                                          b'O{ xKtfsf] cjlwdf b]vf kb{5 . k|foM h;f]                  P8;;+u ;DjlGwt u+eL/ nIf0fx¿df tf}n w]/} 36g',
cjlw hlt j9b} hfG5 o;n] z/L/sf] k|lt/Iff zlQmnfO{         dflg;x¿n] o;nfO{ ¿3fvf]sL -ˆn"_ nfu]sf] ;f]r]sf             j|]g 6o"d/ ;fy} cGo :jf:Yo ;d:ofx¿ kb{5g . lo
sdhf]/ kfb}{ hfG5 . ;fdfGotof hLjf0f', k/lhjL,            x'G5g eg] s;} s;}df s'g} nIf0f g} b]vf gkg{ klg             cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fx¿sf] pkrf/ gu/]df o:n] Hofg
sL6f0f', kmË; cflb z/L/df s'g} 7'nf] ;d:ofsf]             ;Qm5 . Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0fsf] k|f/lDes cj:yfsf]              lng ;S5 P8;sf] cflwsfl/s l;= l8= l;=-k|fljlws_
sf/0fx¿ jGg ;Qm}gg t/ olb z/L/sf] k|lt/Iff                af/]df yk hfgsf/L tYo kq !)# df kfOG5 .                     kl/efiff          http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/
k|0ffnLdf Iflt k'u]sf] 5 eg] log} s'/fx¿n] l;ls:t         z/L/df ;+qmd0f eP kl5 xKtf} jf dlxgf} o;sf]                 mmwrhtml/00018871.htm df pknAw 5 .
la/fdL kfg{ ;Qm5 . o; cj:yfnfO{ cj;/jfbL jf               hLjf0f' ;+Vofdf j[l4 x'G5 t/ o; ;dodf /f]u                  P8; k|To]s ;+qmldt AolQmx¿df km/s km/s
df}sfk/s ;+qmd0f elgG5 . cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fsf]              k|lt/f]w zlQmnfO{ vf;} c;/ kf/]sf] x'b}g . /utsf]          lsl;dsf] x'G5 . sf]xL JolQmx¿ of] /f]u nfu]sf] s]lx
;dli6ut ¿kdf tYo kq %)) df x]g{ ;lsG5 .                   hfFrdf klg hLjf0f' e]l6b}g t/ c¿ JolQmnfO{ eg]              dlxgf d} d5{g eg] k|fo /f]u nfu]sf] cflwsfl/s
                                                          ;lhn} ;fg{ ;S5 .                                            ¿kdf yfxf ePkl5 w]/} jif{;Dd klg :j:y hLjg
P8; s;/L nfU5 <                                          kl5 ha lj:tf/} o; hLjf0f'n] z/L/sf] k|lt/f]wfTds
;fFrf] cy{df P8; nfUg] xf]O{g . P8; nfUgsf] nflu                                                                    hLpg ;S5g . s]lx JolQmx¿ ljgf lhjf0f' lj/f]wL
                                                          zlQmnfO{ c;/kfg{ z'¿ u5{ . o;n] z/L/df                      cf}iflw pkrf/ -Pcf/l6_ w]/} jif{;Dd klg :j:Yo
Pr cfO{ eLaf6 ;+qmd0f x'G5 / kl5 P8;sf] ljsf;
x'G5 . s'g}klg Pr=cfO{=qL= ;+qmd0f JolQm pm lj/fdL        k|lt/IffTds zlQm (antibodies) agfpg yfN5 .                  hLjg ljtfp5g .
h:tf] gb]lvP klg / p;sf] k/LIf0fdf Pr=cfO{=eL=            To;kl5 /ut hfFr ubf{ Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt g} 5
                                                          eGg] klxrfg x'G5 . of] /f]u nflu ˆn" h:tf] nIf0f            s] P8; /f]u lgsf] x'G5 <
kf]lhl6e gcfPklg p;af6 of] ;g{ ;S5 . of] /f]usf]                                                                      of] /f]u lgsf] x'g ;Sb}g . hLjf0f' lj/f]wL cf}iflw pkrf/
hLjf0f' ;+qmldt JolQmsf] /ut, of]lg/; ljo{ tyf            b]lv;s]kl5 sltko /f]uL !) jif{ jf Tof] eGbf j9L
                                                          ;do;Dd lg/f]uL jf :j:Yf /xg ;S5g . t/ o;                   -Pcf/6L, tYo kq $)# x]g'{xf];_ sf]] k|of]ujf6
cfdfsf] b'wdf k|;:t e]l6g] x'gfn] c¿nfO{ /f]u                                                                         Pr=cfO{=eL= lhjf0f'nfO{ sdL ul/ z/L/sf] k|fs[lts
;fg{sf] nflu oL cj:yfx¿ k|of{Kt x'G5g . clwsf+z           ;dodf of] hLjf0f'n] z/L/df ePsf] /f]u k|lt/f]w              k|lt/f]wfTds zlQm gi6 x'g jf6 s]xL xb;Dd /f]Sg
dflg;x¿df Pr cfO{ eL hLjf0f' lgDg k|sf/n] ;b{5M           zlQmnfO{ lj:tf/} gi6 ub}{ n}hfG5 .                          ;lsG5 . w]/} dflg;x¿ P cf/ 6L cf}iflw nuftf/
                                                          k|lt/f]wfTds k|0ffnLdf ePsf] Ifltsf] u0fgf ug]{
• ;+qmldt JolQm;+u of}g ;Dks{ ugf{n]                      Pp6f pkfo /f]uLsf] ;L=8L= $ sf] sf]ifsf] u0fgf ug'{
                                                                                                                      vfO{/x]df w]/};Dd afFRg ;S5g . z/L/af6 Pr=cfO{=eL=
• ;+qmldt JolQmn] k|of]u u/]sf] ;'O{, cf}hf/ k|of]u                                                                   x6fO{ /f]u g} lgsf] kfg{ eg] ;lsb}g . cGo cf}iflwx¿n]
                                                          xf] . oL sf]ifx¿nfO{ l6 x]Nk/ sf]if klg elgG5 . h'g         df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fnfO{ /f]syfd ug{ / pkrf/ ug{
     ugf{n] .                                             xfd|f] k|lt/f]wfTds k|0ffnLsf] dxTjk'0f{ c+u x'g .          ;lsG5 . k|fo h;f] cj:yfx¿df lo cf]iflwx¿n] w]/}
• ;+qmldt cfdfsf] ue{jf6 hlGdgfn] cyjf                    Pp6f :j:y dflg;sf] Ps ldlnln6/ (1 ml) /utdf                 /fd|f] sfd ub{5g . clwsf+; df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf]
     ;+qmldt cfdfsf] b'w jRrnfO{ lkpg lbgfn] .            %)) b]lv !%)) ;Dd l; 8L $ sf]ifx¿ x'G5g .                   b/nfO{ 36fpg gofF / z;Qm P cf/ eLx¿n] ;xof]u
of] /f]u ;g'{df /Qmbfg k|d'v sf/0f /x]sf] eGg]            l;=8L=kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{ af/] yk hfgsf/L tYo kq             k'¥ofO /x]sf 5g . oBlk s]lx df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf]
ul/Ptf klg cfhsn Hofb}g} xf]l;of/L k"j{s /ut              !@$ df kfOG5 .                                              pkrf/ ug{ w]/}g} sl7gfO{ kb{5 . cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fsf]
k/LIf0f u/]kl5 dfq} /Qmbfg ul/g] ePsf]n] o;jf6            pkrf/ ePg eg] oL k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLsf sf]ifx¿sf]              yk hfgsf/L tYo kq %)) df x]g{ ;lsG5 .
/f]u ;g]{ hf]lvddf w]/} g} sdL cfPsf] 5 . oBlk            ;+Vof gi6 eO 36b} hfG5 . Pr=cfO{=eL= sf                    yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu
cfF;', y's, ¥ofnaf6 Pr cfO{ eL ;/]sf] k|dfl0ft            nIf0fx¿ b]vf kg{ yfN5, h:t}M Hj/f] cfO{/xg], /ftL           P8;af/] yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu d]8nfOg Kn;sf] j]j
36gf km]nf gkfl/P klg of] ;+qmldt JolQm;+u d'v            kl;gf cfpg], emf8f kvfnf nfUg], u|GyLx¿ ;'lGgg]             7]ufgf M http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aids.html
d}y'g jf slxn]sf+xL d'vdf 3fp / lu+hfjf6 /ut              cflb x'G5g . olb Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0fsf] cj:yfdf               af6 kfpg ;lsG5 .
                                                                                                                                            kl/dflh{t cui6 @*, @))*
             of] kl/of]hgf gFof d]lS;sf] P8; lzIff tyf tflnd s]Gb|sf] xf] . o:df g]zgn nfa]|/L ckm d]l8l;gn] cf+lzs ¿kdf df}lb|s ;xof]u u/]sf] . OG6/g]6 7]ufgf
                                                    http://www.aidsinfonet.org af6 tYo kq 8fpgnf]8 ug{ ;lsG5 .

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What is hiv aids

  • 1. P8; OGkmf] g]6 www.aidsinfonet.org ˆofS6;L6 -tYokq_ ;+Vof !)! P8; s] xf] < P8; eg]sf] s] xf] < cfpg]x¿;+usf] r'Djgjf6 klg ;g{ ;Qm5 . yk xf] eg] oL nIf0fx¿ s]lx lbg b]lv xKtf}+;Dd P8; eGgfn] PSjfo8{ ODo"g 8]kmLl;oG;L l;G8«f]d eGg] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu lgDg tYo kqx¿df x]g{ ;lsG5 . Psgf;;+u /lx/xg ;S5g . j'lemG5 . o;df • !%) M Pr cfO{ eL km}nfj6 /f]syfd P8; ePsf] s;/L yfxf kfpg] < • PSjfo8{ eGgfn] o;jf6 ;+qmldt x'g ;Qm5 • !%! M ;'l/Ift of}g ;Dks{ lgb]{lzsf hj Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf] dflg;sf] z/L/sf] -hGd] kl5 k|fKt x'g]_ . • !%@ M of] slQsf] hf]lvd k"0f{ 5 < k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLdf ulDe/ ¿kn] Iflt k'Ub5 . tj • ODo"gf] 8]kmLl;oG;L eGgfn] z/L/df /f]usf] /f]u lgoGq0f / /f]uyfd s]Gb|n] u/]sf] Ps cg'[dfg To;nfO{ P8; ePsf] elgG5 . olb tkfO{sf] ;L8L lj¿4df n8g] Ifdtfdf sld x'g' -k|lt/Iff cg';f/ !) nfv b]lv !@ nfv cd]l/sLx¿ Pr cfO{ kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{x¿ @)) eGbf sd cyjf ;L8L Ifdtfdf sdL x'g'_ . eL ;+qmd0fjf6 lk8Lt 5g . h; dWo] Ps rf}yfO{nfO{ kmf]/ !$ k|ltzt eGbf sd ePdf tkfO{nfO{ P8; • l;G8«f]d eGgfn] ljleGg k|sf/sf /f]usf ¿kdf cfk'm ;+qmldt ePsf] jf/]df ;d]t yfxf 5}g . k|To]s ePsf] elgG5 . l;=8L=kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{ af/] yk b]vf kg]{ nIf0fx¿ . jif{ sl/j $),))) gofF ;+qmldtx¿ e]l6G5g hfgsf/Lsf nflu tYo kq !@$ df x]g'{ xf]nf . olb Pr cfO{ eL cyf{t Xo"dg -dflg;df x'g]_ ODo"gf] h;dWo] sl/j &% k|ltzt k'¿if / sl/j @% k|ltzt tkfO{nfO{ df}sfk/s -cj;/jfbL_ ;+qmd0fx¿n] l8kmLl;oG;L -k|lt/Iff zlQmdf sdL x'g]_ efO{/; dlxnf 5g . gofF ;+qmldt ePsf ;+Vofsf] cfwf cfqmd0f ub{5g eg] tkfO{nfO{ P8; ePsf] elgG5 . -hLjf0f'_ sf sf/0fx¿jf6 P8; x'G5 . olb tkfO{ Pr xK;Lx¿ 5g . hasL pgLx¿sf] ;+Vof cd]l/sL s'n ;]G6/ km/ 8LhLh sG6«f]n -l; 8L ;L_ n] t}of/ kf/]sf] cfO{ eLjf6 ;+qmldt x'g'eof] eg] z/L/n]g} To; hg;+Vofsf] !@Ü dfq 5 . ;g !(() sf] dWolt/ df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf] cflwsfl/s ;'rL dWo] ;j} ;+qmd0f;Fu n8g] sf]l;; u5{ . o;n] Pr=cfO{=eL= ;Fu eGbf jl9 k|rlnt ;+qmd0fx¿ lgDg jdf]lhd 5g M n8gsf nflu æPl06al8hÆ ljz]if df]n]So"N; agfpF5 . d[To' x'g]x¿sf] k|d'v sf/0fdf P8;nfO{ lnOGYof] eg] Pr cfO{ eL eP gePsf] x]g{sf] nflu ul/g] /ut xfn P8;sf] gofF gofF pkrf/ k4tLx¿sf] ljsf;n] • kL ;L kL -lgdf];fO{l:6s lgdf]lgof_ kmf]S;f]df k/LIf0fdf olb Pr cfO{ eL sf] lj¿4 n8g] ubf{ o;jf6 d[To' x'g]x¿sf] ;+Vofdf pNn]Vflgo ¿kn] ;+qmd0f . tYo kq %!% df x]g{ ;lsG5 . k|lt/f]wfTds zlQm -P06Lj8Lh_ 5 5}g eg]/ x]l/G5 . s6f}tL ePsf] kfO{G5 . yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu ;+o'St • s] P; -sfkf]l;; ;fqmf]df_ 5fnfsf] SofG;/ . tYo olb /utdf of] e]l6Pdf o;sf] dtna Pr=cfO{=eL= /fHo cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] tYo kq http://www.niaid.nih. kq %!! df x]g{ ;lsG5 . gov/factsheets/aidsstat.htm. df x]g{ ;lsG5 . ;+qmd0f 5 . hf] dflg;x¿sf] Pr=cfO{=eL= PG6Lal8h • l; Pd eL -;fOsf]d]ufnf] efO{/;_ ;fdfGotof e]l6G5 ltgLx¿nfO{ Pr=cfO{=eL= kf]lhl6e elgG5 . Pr Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0f ePdf s] x'G5 < cfFvfdf c;/ kfg]{ ;+qmd0f . tYo kq %)$ df x]g{ cfO{ eL k/LIf0fsf] ;DjGwdf yk hfgsf/L tYo kq Pr cfO eL ;+qmd0f ePsf] t'¿Gt} yfxf gx'g ;S5 . ;lsG5 / !)@ df /x]sf] 5 . s]xL dflg;x¿nfO{ Hj/f] cfpg], 6fpsf] b'Vg], 3fF6L Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt b]lvg' jf Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf] • Sofg8L8f, Pp6f kmËn ;+qmd0f xf] . h:fn] d"vdf b'Vg], z/L/sf] df+zk]zL, hf]gL{, k]6 b'Vg], u|GyL ;'lgP/ -;]tf]_, 3fF6Ldf, of]gLdf ;+qmd0f x'G5 . tYo kq eGg' / P8; nfu]sf] eGg' Pp6} s'/f xf]Og . w]/} cfpg], 5fnfdf vl6/f cfpg] cflb nIf0fx¿ Ps jf dflg;x¿df Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt b]lvPtf klg w]/} jif{ %)! df x]g{ ;lsG5 . ;Dd lj/fdL g} ePsf x'b}gg . Pr cfO{ eL /f]u nfu]sf] b'O{ xKtfsf] cjlwdf b]vf kb{5 . k|foM h;f] P8;;+u ;DjlGwt u+eL/ nIf0fx¿df tf}n w]/} 36g', cjlw hlt j9b} hfG5 o;n] z/L/sf] k|lt/Iff zlQmnfO{ dflg;x¿n] o;nfO{ ¿3fvf]sL -ˆn"_ nfu]sf] ;f]r]sf j|]g 6o"d/ ;fy} cGo :jf:Yo ;d:ofx¿ kb{5g . lo sdhf]/ kfb}{ hfG5 . ;fdfGotof hLjf0f', k/lhjL, x'G5g eg] s;} s;}df s'g} nIf0f g} b]vf gkg{ klg cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fx¿sf] pkrf/ gu/]df o:n] Hofg sL6f0f', kmË; cflb z/L/df s'g} 7'nf] ;d:ofsf] ;Qm5 . Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0fsf] k|f/lDes cj:yfsf] lng ;S5 P8;sf] cflwsfl/s l;= l8= l;=-k|fljlws_ sf/0fx¿ jGg ;Qm}gg t/ olb z/L/sf] k|lt/Iff af/]df yk hfgsf/L tYo kq !)# df kfOG5 . kl/efiff http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/ k|0ffnLdf Iflt k'u]sf] 5 eg] log} s'/fx¿n] l;ls:t z/L/df ;+qmd0f eP kl5 xKtf} jf dlxgf} o;sf] mmwrhtml/00018871.htm df pknAw 5 . la/fdL kfg{ ;Qm5 . o; cj:yfnfO{ cj;/jfbL jf hLjf0f' ;+Vofdf j[l4 x'G5 t/ o; ;dodf /f]u P8; k|To]s ;+qmldt AolQmx¿df km/s km/s df}sfk/s ;+qmd0f elgG5 . cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fsf] k|lt/f]w zlQmnfO{ vf;} c;/ kf/]sf] x'b}g . /utsf] lsl;dsf] x'G5 . sf]xL JolQmx¿ of] /f]u nfu]sf] s]lx ;dli6ut ¿kdf tYo kq %)) df x]g{ ;lsG5 . hfFrdf klg hLjf0f' e]l6b}g t/ c¿ JolQmnfO{ eg] dlxgf d} d5{g eg] k|fo /f]u nfu]sf] cflwsfl/s ;lhn} ;fg{ ;S5 . ¿kdf yfxf ePkl5 w]/} jif{;Dd klg :j:y hLjg P8; s;/L nfU5 < kl5 ha lj:tf/} o; hLjf0f'n] z/L/sf] k|lt/f]wfTds ;fFrf] cy{df P8; nfUg] xf]O{g . P8; nfUgsf] nflu hLpg ;S5g . s]lx JolQmx¿ ljgf lhjf0f' lj/f]wL zlQmnfO{ c;/kfg{ z'¿ u5{ . o;n] z/L/df cf}iflw pkrf/ -Pcf/l6_ w]/} jif{;Dd klg :j:Yo Pr cfO{ eLaf6 ;+qmd0f x'G5 / kl5 P8;sf] ljsf; x'G5 . s'g}klg Pr=cfO{=qL= ;+qmd0f JolQm pm lj/fdL k|lt/IffTds zlQm (antibodies) agfpg yfN5 . hLjg ljtfp5g . h:tf] gb]lvP klg / p;sf] k/LIf0fdf Pr=cfO{=eL= To;kl5 /ut hfFr ubf{ Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmldt g} 5 eGg] klxrfg x'G5 . of] /f]u nflu ˆn" h:tf] nIf0f s] P8; /f]u lgsf] x'G5 < kf]lhl6e gcfPklg p;af6 of] ;g{ ;S5 . of] /f]usf] of] /f]u lgsf] x'g ;Sb}g . hLjf0f' lj/f]wL cf}iflw pkrf/ hLjf0f' ;+qmldt JolQmsf] /ut, of]lg/; ljo{ tyf b]lv;s]kl5 sltko /f]uL !) jif{ jf Tof] eGbf j9L ;do;Dd lg/f]uL jf :j:Yf /xg ;S5g . t/ o; -Pcf/6L, tYo kq $)# x]g'{xf];_ sf]] k|of]ujf6 cfdfsf] b'wdf k|;:t e]l6g] x'gfn] c¿nfO{ /f]u Pr=cfO{=eL= lhjf0f'nfO{ sdL ul/ z/L/sf] k|fs[lts ;fg{sf] nflu oL cj:yfx¿ k|of{Kt x'G5g . clwsf+z ;dodf of] hLjf0f'n] z/L/df ePsf] /f]u k|lt/f]w k|lt/f]wfTds zlQm gi6 x'g jf6 s]xL xb;Dd /f]Sg dflg;x¿df Pr cfO{ eL hLjf0f' lgDg k|sf/n] ;b{5M zlQmnfO{ lj:tf/} gi6 ub}{ n}hfG5 . ;lsG5 . w]/} dflg;x¿ P cf/ 6L cf}iflw nuftf/ k|lt/f]wfTds k|0ffnLdf ePsf] Ifltsf] u0fgf ug]{ • ;+qmldt JolQm;+u of}g ;Dks{ ugf{n] Pp6f pkfo /f]uLsf] ;L=8L= $ sf] sf]ifsf] u0fgf ug'{ vfO{/x]df w]/};Dd afFRg ;S5g . z/L/af6 Pr=cfO{=eL= • ;+qmldt JolQmn] k|of]u u/]sf] ;'O{, cf}hf/ k|of]u x6fO{ /f]u g} lgsf] kfg{ eg] ;lsb}g . cGo cf}iflwx¿n] xf] . oL sf]ifx¿nfO{ l6 x]Nk/ sf]if klg elgG5 . h'g df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fnfO{ /f]syfd ug{ / pkrf/ ug{ ugf{n] . xfd|f] k|lt/f]wfTds k|0ffnLsf] dxTjk'0f{ c+u x'g . ;lsG5 . k|fo h;f] cj:yfx¿df lo cf]iflwx¿n] w]/} • ;+qmldt cfdfsf] ue{jf6 hlGdgfn] cyjf Pp6f :j:y dflg;sf] Ps ldlnln6/ (1 ml) /utdf /fd|f] sfd ub{5g . clwsf+; df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf] ;+qmldt cfdfsf] b'w jRrnfO{ lkpg lbgfn] . %)) b]lv !%)) ;Dd l; 8L $ sf]ifx¿ x'G5g . b/nfO{ 36fpg gofF / z;Qm P cf/ eLx¿n] ;xof]u of] /f]u ;g'{df /Qmbfg k|d'v sf/0f /x]sf] eGg] l;=8L=kmf]/ (CD4) sf]if{ af/] yk hfgsf/L tYo kq k'¥ofO /x]sf 5g . oBlk s]lx df}sfk/s ;+qmd0fx¿sf] ul/Ptf klg cfhsn Hofb}g} xf]l;of/L k"j{s /ut !@$ df kfOG5 . pkrf/ ug{ w]/}g} sl7gfO{ kb{5 . cj;/jfbL ;+qmd0fsf] k/LIf0f u/]kl5 dfq} /Qmbfg ul/g] ePsf]n] o;jf6 pkrf/ ePg eg] oL k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLsf sf]ifx¿sf] yk hfgsf/L tYo kq %)) df x]g{ ;lsG5 . /f]u ;g]{ hf]lvddf w]/} g} sdL cfPsf] 5 . oBlk ;+Vof gi6 eO 36b} hfG5 . Pr=cfO{=eL= sf yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu cfF;', y's, ¥ofnaf6 Pr cfO{ eL ;/]sf] k|dfl0ft nIf0fx¿ b]vf kg{ yfN5, h:t}M Hj/f] cfO{/xg], /ftL P8;af/] yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu d]8nfOg Kn;sf] j]j 36gf km]nf gkfl/P klg of] ;+qmldt JolQm;+u d'v kl;gf cfpg], emf8f kvfnf nfUg], u|GyLx¿ ;'lGgg] 7]ufgf M http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aids.html d}y'g jf slxn]sf+xL d'vdf 3fp / lu+hfjf6 /ut cflb x'G5g . olb Pr cfO{ eL ;+qmd0fsf] cj:yfdf af6 kfpg ;lsG5 . kl/dflh{t cui6 @*, @))* of] kl/of]hgf gFof d]lS;sf] P8; lzIff tyf tflnd s]Gb|sf] xf] . o:df g]zgn nfa]|/L ckm d]l8l;gn] cf+lzs ¿kdf df}lb|s ;xof]u u/]sf] . OG6/g]6 7]ufgf http://www.aidsinfonet.org af6 tYo kq 8fpgnf]8 ug{ ;lsG5 .