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Characterization and
sharing of quinoa’s
biodiversity
Its global spreading beyond its origins
Dr. Didier BAZILE, Senior Biodiversity Advisor
at the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD)
Monday , June 15th, 2020 – FAO-HQ, Rome, Italy
© didier.bazile
Quinoa, an Andean crop
• Domesticated 7000
years ago
• Rejected during the
Spanish conquest
• Rediscovered during the
20th century
• Many new producers
outside the Andes
• Genetic resources for
adaptation
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Cancosa, Chile
Quinoa field at 4,600 masl
Chenopodium quinoa Willd.
© didier.bazile
Quinoa’s resilience thanks to high genetic diversity
• A single domesticated species but five
major ecotypes:
– Quinoa from the Highlands (Peru y Bolivia)
– Quinoa from Inter Andean Valleys
(Colombia, Ecuador y Peru)
– Quinoa from the Yungas (Bolivia)
– Quinoa from Salares (Bolivia, Chile
y Argentina)
– Quinoa from Sea level (Chile)
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
From the Andes to the world
Christensen et al. 2007. Plant Genet. Res.
Bertero et al, 2004. Field Crop Research
Sea level
Andean Valleys
Salares
Altiplano
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Pichilemu, Central Chile
Quinoa field at 30 masl
Lumako, South Chile
Quinoa at 600 masl
Quinoa Worldwide Genetic Resources Distribution
(in situ and ex situ conservation)
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Quinoa worldwide expansion
• Bullet 1
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Quinoa, a model-crop for transformative changes
Quinoa’s biodiversity & …
• Adaptive crop for marginal
environments
• Agroecological practices
• Nutrition-Sensitive agriculture
• Incomes for small-scale farmers
• Farmers maintain agrobiodiversity
for global changes adaptation
ANDES  WORLD
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Edited by
Bazile, D., Bertero, D. & Nieto, C
Key messages for concluding
• Access to quinoa germplasm and benefit sharing from its
utilization should be addressed, recognizing the hard work of
the Andean people in the selection and conservation of local
quinoa landraces,
• maintaining and adding value to quinoa’s biodiversity
through diversification for the benefit of global food security
and poverty reduction.
• Quinoa is more that only a crop: its biodiversity is at the
heart on an innovative agri-food system that can really
inspire for its spreading.
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
Contact:
didier.bazile@cirad.fr
Thanks for your attention !

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Characterization and sharing of quinoa's biodiversity

  • 1. Characterization and sharing of quinoa’s biodiversity Its global spreading beyond its origins Dr. Didier BAZILE, Senior Biodiversity Advisor at the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) Monday , June 15th, 2020 – FAO-HQ, Rome, Italy © didier.bazile
  • 2. Quinoa, an Andean crop • Domesticated 7000 years ago • Rejected during the Spanish conquest • Rediscovered during the 20th century • Many new producers outside the Andes • Genetic resources for adaptation Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th Cancosa, Chile Quinoa field at 4,600 masl Chenopodium quinoa Willd. © didier.bazile
  • 3. Quinoa’s resilience thanks to high genetic diversity • A single domesticated species but five major ecotypes: – Quinoa from the Highlands (Peru y Bolivia) – Quinoa from Inter Andean Valleys (Colombia, Ecuador y Peru) – Quinoa from the Yungas (Bolivia) – Quinoa from Salares (Bolivia, Chile y Argentina) – Quinoa from Sea level (Chile) Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
  • 4. From the Andes to the world Christensen et al. 2007. Plant Genet. Res. Bertero et al, 2004. Field Crop Research Sea level Andean Valleys Salares Altiplano Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th Pichilemu, Central Chile Quinoa field at 30 masl Lumako, South Chile Quinoa at 600 masl
  • 5. Quinoa Worldwide Genetic Resources Distribution (in situ and ex situ conservation) Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
  • 6. Quinoa worldwide expansion • Bullet 1 Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
  • 7. Quinoa, a model-crop for transformative changes Quinoa’s biodiversity & … • Adaptive crop for marginal environments • Agroecological practices • Nutrition-Sensitive agriculture • Incomes for small-scale farmers • Farmers maintain agrobiodiversity for global changes adaptation ANDES  WORLD Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th Edited by Bazile, D., Bertero, D. & Nieto, C
  • 8. Key messages for concluding • Access to quinoa germplasm and benefit sharing from its utilization should be addressed, recognizing the hard work of the Andean people in the selection and conservation of local quinoa landraces, • maintaining and adding value to quinoa’s biodiversity through diversification for the benefit of global food security and poverty reduction. • Quinoa is more that only a crop: its biodiversity is at the heart on an innovative agri-food system that can really inspire for its spreading. Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th
  • 9. Dr. D. BAZILE (CIRAD) – 2020, June 15th Contact: didier.bazile@cirad.fr Thanks for your attention !