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A Sustainable food value
chain (SFVC) approach
for quinoa development
Giang Duong and Aimée Kourgansky, SMART-ES, 28 July 2020
Overview
1. SFVC approach
2. SFVC in practice
• Overall process
3. SFVC for quinoa development
• SFVC report
• Quinoa development project – an example
www.fao.org/3/a-i3953e.pdf
Part 1 - SFVC Approach
SFVC Analytical framework
International markets
National markets
Environmental
Natural
elements
Sustainability
Societal
Socio-cultural
elements
Organizational
elements
Institutional
elements
Infrastructural
elements
Service
provision
Input
provision
Finance
Distribution
Processing
Aggregation
Production
Economic
Governance
Core value chain
Extended value chain
National enabling environment
Global enabling environment
ECONOMIC
IMPACTS
Profits
Jobs/incomes
Tax revenues
Food supply
SOCIAL
IMPACTS
Added value
distribution
Cultural traditions
Nutrition and health
Workers rights
and safety
Animal welfare
Institutions
ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACTS
Carbon footprint
Water footprint
Soil conservation
Animal & plant health
Food loss and waste
Biodiversity
Toxicity
Inclusive
growth
Green
growth
Eco-
social
progress
SFVCD
The concept of sustainability
Part 2 - SFVC in practice
•Designation of
Ministry focal
points
•Selection of
local partners
•Data collection
 End markets
 Site visits
 Interviews of VC
actors, service
providers,
government, other
stakeholders
•Inception workshop
•Report writing
(Draft 1 – initial
findings, vision &
strategy)
Validation
workshop (initial
findings, vision &
strategy) Implementation of
Action Plan
Overall process
Action plan workshop
(discussion, consensus
building on final findings &
Action Plan)
Report writing (Draft 2
– refined findings,
visions & strategy,
investment/action plan)
VC
selection
Part 3 - SFVC for quinoa development
SFVC for quinoa development
• Functional analysis
– VC mapping
– End-market analysis
– Analysing the elements (4 layers)
• Core VC (5 stages)
• Support services (3 types)
• Societal environment (4
elements)
• Natural environment
– Governance analysis (linkages)
• Sustainability assessment
• Vision and upgrading
development
– SWOT analysis
– Vision and upgrading
strategy
– VCD project design,
Action plan
Start with a quinoa value chain analysis
Improve quinoa production practices
Improve seed supply system
Market facilitation
Conduct of value chain analysis
Improve policy frameworks
Quinoa development initiative – an example
Annexes
Functional analysis
• Setting the VC boundaries
• Understanding VC structure and dynamics
• Understanding behaviour of VC actors (capacities, incentives)
• Identify root causes, binding constraints, leverage points
• Four steps
o VC mapping
o End-market analysis (demand for quinoa)
o Analysing the elements (4 layers)
o Governance analysis (linkages)
 How these elements affect the VC operations
• Assessment of triple bottom line sustainability
• SDG-level impacts based on quantitative indicators
• Sustainability hotspots flagged
Economic sustainability
▫ Actor-level and value chain-level contribution to economic growth
Social sustainability
▫ Social impacts of VC activities including inclusivity of the chain
Environmental sustainability
▫ Impacts of VC activities on the environment
Resilience analysis (as a meta dimension)
▫ How to keep econ/soc/env performance going over time in the presence of shocks
 The impacts of VC operations in terms of economic, social and environmental sustainability
 Finding the right balance
Sustainability assessment

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A sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development

  • 1. A Sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development Giang Duong and Aimée Kourgansky, SMART-ES, 28 July 2020
  • 2. Overview 1. SFVC approach 2. SFVC in practice • Overall process 3. SFVC for quinoa development • SFVC report • Quinoa development project – an example www.fao.org/3/a-i3953e.pdf
  • 3. Part 1 - SFVC Approach
  • 4. SFVC Analytical framework International markets National markets Environmental Natural elements Sustainability Societal Socio-cultural elements Organizational elements Institutional elements Infrastructural elements Service provision Input provision Finance Distribution Processing Aggregation Production Economic Governance Core value chain Extended value chain National enabling environment Global enabling environment
  • 5. ECONOMIC IMPACTS Profits Jobs/incomes Tax revenues Food supply SOCIAL IMPACTS Added value distribution Cultural traditions Nutrition and health Workers rights and safety Animal welfare Institutions ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Carbon footprint Water footprint Soil conservation Animal & plant health Food loss and waste Biodiversity Toxicity Inclusive growth Green growth Eco- social progress SFVCD The concept of sustainability
  • 6. Part 2 - SFVC in practice
  • 7. •Designation of Ministry focal points •Selection of local partners •Data collection  End markets  Site visits  Interviews of VC actors, service providers, government, other stakeholders •Inception workshop •Report writing (Draft 1 – initial findings, vision & strategy) Validation workshop (initial findings, vision & strategy) Implementation of Action Plan Overall process Action plan workshop (discussion, consensus building on final findings & Action Plan) Report writing (Draft 2 – refined findings, visions & strategy, investment/action plan) VC selection
  • 8. Part 3 - SFVC for quinoa development
  • 9. SFVC for quinoa development • Functional analysis – VC mapping – End-market analysis – Analysing the elements (4 layers) • Core VC (5 stages) • Support services (3 types) • Societal environment (4 elements) • Natural environment – Governance analysis (linkages) • Sustainability assessment • Vision and upgrading development – SWOT analysis – Vision and upgrading strategy – VCD project design, Action plan Start with a quinoa value chain analysis
  • 10. Improve quinoa production practices Improve seed supply system Market facilitation Conduct of value chain analysis Improve policy frameworks Quinoa development initiative – an example
  • 12. Functional analysis • Setting the VC boundaries • Understanding VC structure and dynamics • Understanding behaviour of VC actors (capacities, incentives) • Identify root causes, binding constraints, leverage points • Four steps o VC mapping o End-market analysis (demand for quinoa) o Analysing the elements (4 layers) o Governance analysis (linkages)  How these elements affect the VC operations
  • 13. • Assessment of triple bottom line sustainability • SDG-level impacts based on quantitative indicators • Sustainability hotspots flagged Economic sustainability ▫ Actor-level and value chain-level contribution to economic growth Social sustainability ▫ Social impacts of VC activities including inclusivity of the chain Environmental sustainability ▫ Impacts of VC activities on the environment Resilience analysis (as a meta dimension) ▫ How to keep econ/soc/env performance going over time in the presence of shocks  The impacts of VC operations in terms of economic, social and environmental sustainability  Finding the right balance Sustainability assessment