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Collaboration on
promoting quinoa
(Part I)
Ndeye Ndack Diop, FAO Agricultural Officer, June 15 2020, Rome, Italy
Emerging opportunities
in quinoa production
2013 the International Year of Quinoa 2013
• UN declaration
– Expand quinoa cultivation in the
world
• FAO to implement the program
– Activities (promotion, research, intensification of
sustainable quinoa production, organization of global
forum)
– Assist member countries towards achieving both food
and nutrition security
2013: FAO launched a Global program to
support Countries in quinoa production
Tajikistan
Algeria
Country support in quinoa production (1)
2013
Algeria, Bhutan, Burkina Faso,
Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt,
Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Kenya,
Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Niger,
Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South
Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tajikistan,
Togo, Uganda, Yemen and Zambia
2016
Morocco
Country support in quinoa production (2)
• Short duration projects (1-2 years)
• In general, about 10 varieties of quinoa evaluated
in different agro-climatic conditions per country
• Season-long training, field days & demonstration
trials
• In some countries, quinoa was better adapted to
dry season planting under irrigation
• CapDev of technical unit and growers was critical
Challenges (1)
• Access to quality seeds
• Suboptimal crop management techniques
– Hand sowing
– Poor stand establishment
– High weed infestation
• The lack of technical proficiency
– Crop failed totally in some countries
– Yield instability over the years
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
Yield potential
Low High
Challenges (2)
Development of technical guide in local languages
• Development of mobile application providing
technical advices
Way forward (1)
• Research on-going for enhancing the adaptation
of the genetic material
• Larger number of accessions under evaluation.
• Quinoa is in the process of being included in the
registered crop list (BF, Niger, Togo)
• Varieties released (Bhutan, BF, Pakistan)
• Utilization and post-harvest technology
• Promote quinoa for crop rotation, diversification
Way forward (2)
• Creating and maintaining communication
platforms (research, technician, growers levels)
– GCN-Quinoa (https://gcn-quinoa.org/) a CoP to fill the
knowledge gap in quinoa production
– In Morocco, WhatsApp group for growers
– In Algeria, Facebook pages and small business
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Algquinoa/
• In most cases, government ownership and
willingness to adopt quinoa is high
2020: relaunch of the quinoa to achieve the SDGs
Increase the agricultural productivity of
farmers in marginal areas by enabling them
to include quinoa in their cropping systems
Thanks for your attention

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Emerging opportunities in quinoa production

  • 1. Collaboration on promoting quinoa (Part I) Ndeye Ndack Diop, FAO Agricultural Officer, June 15 2020, Rome, Italy Emerging opportunities in quinoa production
  • 2. 2013 the International Year of Quinoa 2013 • UN declaration – Expand quinoa cultivation in the world • FAO to implement the program – Activities (promotion, research, intensification of sustainable quinoa production, organization of global forum) – Assist member countries towards achieving both food and nutrition security
  • 3. 2013: FAO launched a Global program to support Countries in quinoa production Tajikistan Algeria
  • 4. Country support in quinoa production (1) 2013 Algeria, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, Yemen and Zambia 2016 Morocco
  • 5. Country support in quinoa production (2) • Short duration projects (1-2 years) • In general, about 10 varieties of quinoa evaluated in different agro-climatic conditions per country • Season-long training, field days & demonstration trials • In some countries, quinoa was better adapted to dry season planting under irrigation • CapDev of technical unit and growers was critical
  • 6. Challenges (1) • Access to quality seeds • Suboptimal crop management techniques – Hand sowing – Poor stand establishment – High weed infestation • The lack of technical proficiency – Crop failed totally in some countries – Yield instability over the years
  • 8. Development of technical guide in local languages • Development of mobile application providing technical advices
  • 9. Way forward (1) • Research on-going for enhancing the adaptation of the genetic material • Larger number of accessions under evaluation. • Quinoa is in the process of being included in the registered crop list (BF, Niger, Togo) • Varieties released (Bhutan, BF, Pakistan) • Utilization and post-harvest technology • Promote quinoa for crop rotation, diversification
  • 10. Way forward (2) • Creating and maintaining communication platforms (research, technician, growers levels) – GCN-Quinoa (https://gcn-quinoa.org/) a CoP to fill the knowledge gap in quinoa production – In Morocco, WhatsApp group for growers – In Algeria, Facebook pages and small business https://www.facebook.com/groups/Algquinoa/ • In most cases, government ownership and willingness to adopt quinoa is high
  • 11. 2020: relaunch of the quinoa to achieve the SDGs Increase the agricultural productivity of farmers in marginal areas by enabling them to include quinoa in their cropping systems
  • 12. Thanks for your attention

Editor's Notes

  1. This presentation is on the behalf of agricultural officer colleagues from the regional and sub-regional offices who implemented the different projects.
  2. the United Nations (UN) declared the year 2013 as the International Year of Quinoa (IYQ), with the objective to increase awareness of quinoa as a strategic food for food security and to promote production, and consumption. FAO was designated as the technical secretariat for the IYQ and was to implement the programme globally with activities including promotional activities, research activities, crop intensification activities among others
  3. With at least 27 countries requested FAO support in introducing quinoa in their production systems. Most of them were from Africa (18), Near East (4) and Asia (5) while support to Morocco came later in 2016.
  4. Most of the projects were short duration 1 to 2 years The number of varieties tested ranged from 2 to 14 but mostly about 10 varieties per country. Season long on-the-job trainings, training workshops and Field Days on Quinoa crop management, seed production and demonstration trials were conducted as part of the strategy to show case quinoa (crop performance and use). In some countries, quinoa was better adapted to dry season planting under irrigation. Different capdev activities were carried out in some countries using international consultant but could not be organised in WCA due to Ebola epidemic at that time. Countries in Asia (Bhutan and Sri Lanka) were able to organize exchange visit to Peru
  5. Access to seeds was not easy because the export of quinoa seeds was restricted in Bolivia and Peru following the IYQ. Seeds were delayed and when they arrived, many failed to germinate. In most cases, a plan B was to be put in place in order to get seeds from other sources like in Europe, US, Chile or Argentina. For project of 1 to 2 years, missing one planting season is very critical into the delivery of the project. Crop management techniques were different from known crops. Seeds are small and need a lot of soil moisture to germinate. They were mostly planted manually. Therefore the 1st few weeks were critical for the establishment of the plant. The lack of technical proficiency of the crop management due to the fact that it had not been grown before in many of these countries resulted in total failure in some countries but also yield instability over the years in others.
  6. As we can see on the figure, there was a important difference in yield within a country and among them
  7. It then appears very important to develop training material for farmers in local languages. The development of mobile application giving technical advices in many languages including videos about how to cultivate Quinoa would be useful
  8. Following this first phase, research institutions and/or universities in these countries are involved in improving the adaptation of Quinoa and finding the best crop management practices. Some countries are testing a wide range of accessions (500 for Pakistan) and (124 for Burkina Faso). Three countries in WCA have included quinoa in their registered crop list in order for it to be included into national seed laws Varieties has been released at least in Buthan, Pakistan and BF. Quinoa could be promoted for crop rotation and diversification therefore there is a need to develop a communication action plan
  9. Because of the lack of knowledge on the crop, it is important to create a space for stakeholders to exchange and share experience A CoP: GCN-quinoa has been create to facilitate communication between producers, experts, politicians and all persons involved in quinoa development. In Morocco, growers and technicians created a whatsapp group to share information and photos while in Algeria they created facebook pages that include small businesses as well. Government authorities were keen in supporting Quinoa production through large-scale demonstration plots, follow up projects, and in some cases promotion activities involving the president or the 1st lady
  10. To conclude, FAO is initiating a new collaboration with CIRAD, ICBA and CAAS (Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) in a new programme to increase Agricultural productivity of farmers in marginal lands