SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 11
Germplasm
Improvement for the
Saline and Dry Marginal
Environments
Dr. R. K. Singh
Program Leader Crop Diversification and Genetics and Principal Scientist (Plant Breeding),
International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA), Dubai, UAE
15 June 2020
Genetic Variability
Inter-crop Variability
Drought
Tolerance
Intra-Crop
Genetic Variability
Major Research Organization working on quinoa
Germplasm Improvement
Research Organizations Research Areas
International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA) Quinoa introduction, breeding and agronomy
Plant Breeding Institute, Kiel University, Germany Quinoa introduction, breeding
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) Quinoa genomics, breeding
Wageningen University and Research (WUR) Quinoa genomics and breeding
Brigham Young University, USA Quinoa genomics and breeding
Washington State University, USA Breeding and agronomic research
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, KSA Genomics
Kyoto University, Japan Genomics
Fundación PROINPA , Bolivia Breeding and agronomy research
Facultad Integral del Noreste, Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Bolivia
Quinoa breeding and agronomy research for tropical
region
PREDUZA (Project), Ecuador, Bolivia Focused mainly Mildew resistance in Quinoa
Copenhagen University, Denmark Breeding and agronomic research
CIRAD, France Introduction and domestication
INIAP: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Ecuador Breeding and agronomic research
University of Buenos Aires, Argentina Quinoa genomics and breeding
INIA : Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria, Peru Breeding and agronomic research
INIA : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chile Breeding, agronomic research and agroindustry
EMBRAPA, Brazil Breeding quinoa and agronomic research
Characteristic of the ICBA’s Quinoa Varieties
Quinoa Variety Days to
maturity
Plant height (cm) Stem
diameter
(mm)
Single plant yield
(g)
Saponin
ICBA-Q1 116 100 9.8 15.0 High
ICBA-Q2 118 100 8.44 15.25 High
ICBA-Q3 130 140 10.64 28.3 High
ICBA-Q4 120 115 10.7 20.0 High
ICBA-Q5 95 85 8.16 19.4 High
Seasons (MENA region) / Window Mid October to Mid April
Must Traits
1. Grain yield
2. Grain Quality
3. Stress tolerance (Abiotic)
High (>10% over high yielding checks – Q3)
1. Big size grain (Test weight >3.00 g)
2. Multiple colour pure inbreds (Red, Black, white etc)
1. Drought tolerance (can grow with 250 mm water instead
of 300 mm water)
2. Heat tolerance at reproductive stage (fruit setting possible
at 40C : limit is about 35C)
3. Can increase the threshold salinity from 12 dS/m to >15
dS/m)
Range Traits
1.Duration (days)
2. Plant height (cm)
3. Lodging
<95 days
100-120 cm
< 10%
Win Traits / Game Changers 1. Saponin Free (< 0.02 % : 0.2g/kg) – Sweet vars. – reduce
processing cost (No sweet variety in public domain)
2. High Bioavailability of Minerals (Fe and Zn) with low
phytates
3. Seed Dormancy
Quinoa Product Profile for MENA Region (example)
Quinoa Varietal Development
• Breeding at Very Primitive stage
• Introduction and mass selection from landraces: ‘Quinua Real’, ‘Quinua
Phisankalla’, ‘Quinua K’oito’, ‘Quinua Q’aslala’, ‘Quinua Pantela’ (Bolivia),
‘Baer’ (Chile), ‘Dulce de Quitopampa’ (Ecuador), ‘Pasankalla,’ ‘Chewecca,’
‘Blanca de Juli,’ ‘Amarilla de Marangani,’ - ‘Rosada de Huancayo,’ and
‘Blanca de Hualhuas’ (Peru).
• Single Plant Selection: ‘Sajama Amarantiforme’, ‘Kamiri’, ‘Chucapaca’,
‘Sayaña,’ ‘Jilata,’ ‘Patacamaya,’ ‘Ratuqui,’ ‘Jumataki,’ ‘Intinayra,’ ‘Surumi,’
‘Jumataqui’, ‘Robura’ and ‘Santamaria’
• Recombination Breeding (Latin America): ‘Jach’a Grano, Kurmi, ‘Blanquita’,
‘Horizontes’, ‘Aynoqa’ (Bolivia), ‘Hualhuas’ and ‘Huancayo’(Peru)
Difficult Floral Structure – Bottleneck in
Recombination Breeding
• Gyno-monoceous flowers (female and perfect flowers)
Quinoa Inflorescence: Yellow hairs are stigmas and yellow
ones are dehisced anthers.
Two types of flowers: hermaphrodite and female flowers
(source: Peterson et al. 2015; and Showkat, ICBA)
ICBA is working on Introgression of Winning-traits / Game-
changers to develop improved quinoa varieties
• Already identified the donors for the ‘traits of interest’ to be
utilized in breeding programs
• Strengthening Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) to
supplement breeding
• Extensive phenotyping of the association mapping panel
through MET at 8 locations across SSA, MENA, CA, SA and SEA
for reliable QTL identification (DLSC)
• Develop high yielding, sweet and early maturing quinoa
varieties in accordance to product profiles for different
regions (MENA, CAC and SSA as major targets)
Key Take-home Messages
• Quinoa is the best crop for highly saline and dry climate
• Tailor made varieties based on product-profile leads to
better acceptability
• Saponin free varieties are the game changers
• MAS supplemented breeding efforts can speed-up the
germplasm improvement
ICBA, A Center of Excellence looking at Agriculture for Tomorrow
Thank you!
Queries : r.singh@biosaline.org.ae
ICBA is a founding member of the Association of
International Research and Development
Centers for Agriculture (AIRCA)
www.biosaline.org

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (19)

Brachiaria grass significantly increases livestock productivity in East Africa
Brachiaria grass significantly increases livestock productivity in East Africa Brachiaria grass significantly increases livestock productivity in East Africa
Brachiaria grass significantly increases livestock productivity in East Africa
 
Genetic diversity of Brachiaria grass in East Africa as revealed by single se...
Genetic diversity of Brachiaria grass in East Africa as revealed by single se...Genetic diversity of Brachiaria grass in East Africa as revealed by single se...
Genetic diversity of Brachiaria grass in East Africa as revealed by single se...
 
An Overview of National Plant Genetic Resources Knowledge Platforms (NPGRKNs)...
An Overview of National Plant Genetic Resources Knowledge Platforms (NPGRKNs)...An Overview of National Plant Genetic Resources Knowledge Platforms (NPGRKNs)...
An Overview of National Plant Genetic Resources Knowledge Platforms (NPGRKNs)...
 
B4FA 2013 Ghana: Cocoa black pod resistance - Abu Dadzie and George Ameyaw
B4FA 2013 Ghana: Cocoa black pod resistance - Abu Dadzie and George AmeyawB4FA 2013 Ghana: Cocoa black pod resistance - Abu Dadzie and George Ameyaw
B4FA 2013 Ghana: Cocoa black pod resistance - Abu Dadzie and George Ameyaw
 
Cassava for sustainable poverty alleviation
Cassava for sustainable poverty alleviationCassava for sustainable poverty alleviation
Cassava for sustainable poverty alleviation
 
Ndjido A. Kane
Ndjido A. Kane Ndjido A. Kane
Ndjido A. Kane
 
TNAU Seed Portal Updated
TNAU Seed Portal  UpdatedTNAU Seed Portal  Updated
TNAU Seed Portal Updated
 
Guinea race sorghum hybrids new prospects for west africa
Guinea race sorghum hybrids  new prospects for west africaGuinea race sorghum hybrids  new prospects for west africa
Guinea race sorghum hybrids new prospects for west africa
 
CWR US Presentation ASA/CSSA/SSSA Tampa 2013
CWR US Presentation ASA/CSSA/SSSA Tampa 2013 CWR US Presentation ASA/CSSA/SSSA Tampa 2013
CWR US Presentation ASA/CSSA/SSSA Tampa 2013
 
Interdependence among countries in plant genetic resources and crop wild rela...
Interdependence among countries in plant genetic resources and crop wild rela...Interdependence among countries in plant genetic resources and crop wild rela...
Interdependence among countries in plant genetic resources and crop wild rela...
 
CWR US presentation PGOC 2011
CWR US presentation PGOC 2011CWR US presentation PGOC 2011
CWR US presentation PGOC 2011
 
Possibilities for agricultural ontologies at Ciat
Possibilities for agricultural ontologies at CiatPossibilities for agricultural ontologies at Ciat
Possibilities for agricultural ontologies at Ciat
 
ICRISAT genebank - Preserving a rich heritage for food security
ICRISAT genebank - Preserving a rich heritage for food securityICRISAT genebank - Preserving a rich heritage for food security
ICRISAT genebank - Preserving a rich heritage for food security
 
19 K B Saxena Objective6 Pigeonpea
19  K B Saxena  Objective6 Pigeonpea19  K B Saxena  Objective6 Pigeonpea
19 K B Saxena Objective6 Pigeonpea
 
Increasing maize productivity and varietal diversity in Pakistan
Increasing maize productivity and varietal diversity in PakistanIncreasing maize productivity and varietal diversity in Pakistan
Increasing maize productivity and varietal diversity in Pakistan
 
The Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Resources for Food Security
The Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Resources for Food SecurityThe Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Resources for Food Security
The Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Resources for Food Security
 
CIMMYT's activities to enhance productivity and promote excellence in Pakistan
CIMMYT's activities to enhance productivity and promote excellence in PakistanCIMMYT's activities to enhance productivity and promote excellence in Pakistan
CIMMYT's activities to enhance productivity and promote excellence in Pakistan
 
CWR US poster Botany 2011
CWR US poster Botany 2011CWR US poster Botany 2011
CWR US poster Botany 2011
 
Conserving crop wild relatives in the United States
Conserving crop wild relatives in the United StatesConserving crop wild relatives in the United States
Conserving crop wild relatives in the United States
 

Similar to Germplasm Improvement for the Saline and Dry Marginal Environments

Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, IndiaPseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
apaari
 
Nutritional quality of seeds
Nutritional quality of seedsNutritional quality of seeds
Nutritional quality of seeds
Tanuja M
 
Cassava at CIAT
Cassava at CIATCassava at CIAT
Cassava at CIAT
CIAT
 

Similar to Germplasm Improvement for the Saline and Dry Marginal Environments (20)

Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ...
Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ...Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ...
Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ...
 
Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ssa
Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ssaAdvances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ssa
Advances in legume breeding for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers in ssa
 
Iita yam breeding 2005-2015
Iita yam breeding 2005-2015Iita yam breeding 2005-2015
Iita yam breeding 2005-2015
 
Securing our future - why cacao diversity matters
Securing our future - why cacao diversity mattersSecuring our future - why cacao diversity matters
Securing our future - why cacao diversity matters
 
Gahakwa - Overview of agricultural research in Rwanda for the past 10 years
Gahakwa - Overview of agricultural research in Rwanda for the past 10 yearsGahakwa - Overview of agricultural research in Rwanda for the past 10 years
Gahakwa - Overview of agricultural research in Rwanda for the past 10 years
 
Biotech and innovative breeding for the new Agri-Food System CGIAR Research P...
Biotech and innovative breeding for the new Agri-Food System CGIAR Research P...Biotech and innovative breeding for the new Agri-Food System CGIAR Research P...
Biotech and innovative breeding for the new Agri-Food System CGIAR Research P...
 
Training on increasing the capacity of research technicians in Breeding
Training on increasing the capacity of research technicians in BreedingTraining on increasing the capacity of research technicians in Breeding
Training on increasing the capacity of research technicians in Breeding
 
Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, IndiaPseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
Pseudocereals (grain amaranth, buckwheat, chenopods) Kuldeep Singh, NBPGR, India
 
Session 3.1 Review of Genetic Tools and Knowledge that could Contribute to Ca...
Session 3.1 Review of Genetic Tools and Knowledge that could Contribute to Ca...Session 3.1 Review of Genetic Tools and Knowledge that could Contribute to Ca...
Session 3.1 Review of Genetic Tools and Knowledge that could Contribute to Ca...
 
Nutritional quality of seeds
Nutritional quality of seedsNutritional quality of seeds
Nutritional quality of seeds
 
Cassava at CIAT
Cassava at CIATCassava at CIAT
Cassava at CIAT
 
Role of Biotechnology in Improving Productivity for Rice Producers in Asia fr...
Role of Biotechnology in Improving Productivity for Rice Producers in Asia fr...Role of Biotechnology in Improving Productivity for Rice Producers in Asia fr...
Role of Biotechnology in Improving Productivity for Rice Producers in Asia fr...
 
3.2 session by kulakow cassava breeding in ssa3 brief
3.2 session by kulakow   cassava breeding in ssa3 brief3.2 session by kulakow   cassava breeding in ssa3 brief
3.2 session by kulakow cassava breeding in ssa3 brief
 
B4FA 2012 Nigeria: Cassava Research in Nigeria - Emmanual Okogbenin
B4FA 2012 Nigeria: Cassava Research in Nigeria - Emmanual OkogbeninB4FA 2012 Nigeria: Cassava Research in Nigeria - Emmanual Okogbenin
B4FA 2012 Nigeria: Cassava Research in Nigeria - Emmanual Okogbenin
 
Role of Biotechnological Approaches in Underutilized Tropical Fruit Improveme...
Role of Biotechnological Approaches in Underutilized Tropical Fruit Improveme...Role of Biotechnological Approaches in Underutilized Tropical Fruit Improveme...
Role of Biotechnological Approaches in Underutilized Tropical Fruit Improveme...
 
3.1 session by hershey
3.1 session by hershey   3.1 session by hershey
3.1 session by hershey
 
Resource use efficiency in forestry: Utilisation of tree genetic resources
 Resource use efficiency in forestry: Utilisation of tree genetic resources  Resource use efficiency in forestry: Utilisation of tree genetic resources
Resource use efficiency in forestry: Utilisation of tree genetic resources
 
Personal reflection on the status and challenges regarding use of agricultura...
Personal reflection on the status and challenges regarding use of agricultura...Personal reflection on the status and challenges regarding use of agricultura...
Personal reflection on the status and challenges regarding use of agricultura...
 
ADVANCES IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF SWEET POTATO
ADVANCES IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF SWEET POTATOADVANCES IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF SWEET POTATO
ADVANCES IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF SWEET POTATO
 
Intoduction to plant breeding
Intoduction to plant breedingIntoduction to plant breeding
Intoduction to plant breeding
 

More from WASAG

Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
WASAG
 

More from WASAG (20)

A nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa developmen
A nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa developmenA nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa developmen
A nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa developmen
 
Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China
Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China
Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China
 
A sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development
A sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development A sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development
A sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach for quinoa development
 
Boost to the internal consumption of quinoa in Bolivia and its international ...
Boost to the internal consumption of quinoa in Bolivia and its international ...Boost to the internal consumption of quinoa in Bolivia and its international ...
Boost to the internal consumption of quinoa in Bolivia and its international ...
 
Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorizat...
Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorizat...Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorizat...
Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorizat...
 
Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
Drought-COVID-19 Interface: Insights for Post Pandemic Recovery in Pastoral S...
 
Locking in Livelihoods, Locking out COVID-19? Impacts and insights for post-p...
Locking in Livelihoods, Locking out COVID-19? Impacts and insights for post-p...Locking in Livelihoods, Locking out COVID-19? Impacts and insights for post-p...
Locking in Livelihoods, Locking out COVID-19? Impacts and insights for post-p...
 
Impacts of Drought on Human Health in a Global Pandemic
Impacts of Drought on Human Health in a Global PandemicImpacts of Drought on Human Health in a Global Pandemic
Impacts of Drought on Human Health in a Global Pandemic
 
Drought, infectious diseases and multiple stressors on vulnerable communities
Drought, infectious diseases and multiple stressors on vulnerable communitiesDrought, infectious diseases and multiple stressors on vulnerable communities
Drought, infectious diseases and multiple stressors on vulnerable communities
 
The WASAG Working Group on Water and Nutrition
The WASAG Working Group on Water and NutritionThe WASAG Working Group on Water and Nutrition
The WASAG Working Group on Water and Nutrition
 
Combining water and nutrition interventions: Insights from the field
Combining water and nutrition interventions: Insights from the fieldCombining water and nutrition interventions: Insights from the field
Combining water and nutrition interventions: Insights from the field
 
The water-nutrition productivity gap
The water-nutrition productivity gapThe water-nutrition productivity gap
The water-nutrition productivity gap
 
Harmonizing Actions on Water and Nutrition within the United Nations Decades ...
Harmonizing Actions on Water and Nutrition within the United Nations Decades ...Harmonizing Actions on Water and Nutrition within the United Nations Decades ...
Harmonizing Actions on Water and Nutrition within the United Nations Decades ...
 
Characterization and sharing of quinoa's biodiversity
Characterization and sharing of quinoa's biodiversityCharacterization and sharing of quinoa's biodiversity
Characterization and sharing of quinoa's biodiversity
 
Emerging opportunities in quinoa production
Emerging opportunities in quinoa productionEmerging opportunities in quinoa production
Emerging opportunities in quinoa production
 
Family farming in the context of climate change
Family farming in the context of climate changeFamily farming in the context of climate change
Family farming in the context of climate change
 
Financing the micro irrigation value chain
Financing the micro irrigation value chainFinancing the micro irrigation value chain
Financing the micro irrigation value chain
 
The adaptation of agricultural sector to climate change
The adaptation of agricultural sector to climate changeThe adaptation of agricultural sector to climate change
The adaptation of agricultural sector to climate change
 
Unlocking finance to address water scarcity: proposed framework
Unlocking finance to address water scarcity: proposed frameworkUnlocking finance to address water scarcity: proposed framework
Unlocking finance to address water scarcity: proposed framework
 
Irrigation management under saline conditions
Irrigation management under saline conditionsIrrigation management under saline conditions
Irrigation management under saline conditions
 

Recently uploaded

Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
Open Access Research Paper
 
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
 

Recently uploaded (20)

A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves
A Wide Range of Eco System Services with MangrovesA Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves
A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves
 
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
 
Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system wit...
 
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollenProduction, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
 
Carbon Stock Assessment in Banten Province and Demak, Central Java, Indonesia
Carbon Stock Assessment in Banten Province and Demak, Central Java, IndonesiaCarbon Stock Assessment in Banten Province and Demak, Central Java, Indonesia
Carbon Stock Assessment in Banten Province and Demak, Central Java, Indonesia
 
Elemental Analysis of Plants using ICP-OES(2023)
Elemental Analysis of Plants using ICP-OES(2023)Elemental Analysis of Plants using ICP-OES(2023)
Elemental Analysis of Plants using ICP-OES(2023)
 
Christmas Palm Trees in Florida The Ultimate Guide to Festive Landscaping wit...
Christmas Palm Trees in Florida The Ultimate Guide to Festive Landscaping wit...Christmas Palm Trees in Florida The Ultimate Guide to Festive Landscaping wit...
Christmas Palm Trees in Florida The Ultimate Guide to Festive Landscaping wit...
 
Rising temperatures also mean that more plant pests are appearing earlier and...
Rising temperatures also mean that more plant pests are appearing earlier and...Rising temperatures also mean that more plant pests are appearing earlier and...
Rising temperatures also mean that more plant pests are appearing earlier and...
 
Oral Sex ℂall Girls Navi Mumbai Hire Me Neha 9910780858 Top Class ℂall Girl S...
Oral Sex ℂall Girls Navi Mumbai Hire Me Neha 9910780858 Top Class ℂall Girl S...Oral Sex ℂall Girls Navi Mumbai Hire Me Neha 9910780858 Top Class ℂall Girl S...
Oral Sex ℂall Girls Navi Mumbai Hire Me Neha 9910780858 Top Class ℂall Girl S...
 
Peat land Restoration Project in HLG Londerang
Peat land Restoration Project in HLG LonderangPeat land Restoration Project in HLG Londerang
Peat land Restoration Project in HLG Londerang
 
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and PerspectivesCooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
 
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
Determination of Total Iodine using ICP-MS in Israeli Bottled and Tap Water: ...
 
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
 
Up to 40% of food crops are lost to plant pests and diseases annually.
Up to 40% of food crops are lost to plant pests and diseases annually.Up to 40% of food crops are lost to plant pests and diseases annually.
Up to 40% of food crops are lost to plant pests and diseases annually.
 
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Rajkot Book Esha 7877925207 Top Class ℂall Girl...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Rajkot Book Esha 7877925207 Top Class ℂall Girl...Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Rajkot Book Esha 7877925207 Top Class ℂall Girl...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Rajkot Book Esha 7877925207 Top Class ℂall Girl...
 
National Tree Planting Day May 2024 Nairobi
National Tree Planting Day May 2024 NairobiNational Tree Planting Day May 2024 Nairobi
National Tree Planting Day May 2024 Nairobi
 
Green Innovation in Transforming Sustainable Fashion Design
Green Innovation in Transforming Sustainable Fashion DesignGreen Innovation in Transforming Sustainable Fashion Design
Green Innovation in Transforming Sustainable Fashion Design
 
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
 
Mastering Sustainable Living: Your Comprehensive Guide to Greener Choices in ...
Mastering Sustainable Living: Your Comprehensive Guide to Greener Choices in ...Mastering Sustainable Living: Your Comprehensive Guide to Greener Choices in ...
Mastering Sustainable Living: Your Comprehensive Guide to Greener Choices in ...
 
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
 

Germplasm Improvement for the Saline and Dry Marginal Environments

  • 1. Germplasm Improvement for the Saline and Dry Marginal Environments Dr. R. K. Singh Program Leader Crop Diversification and Genetics and Principal Scientist (Plant Breeding), International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA), Dubai, UAE 15 June 2020
  • 4. Major Research Organization working on quinoa Germplasm Improvement Research Organizations Research Areas International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA) Quinoa introduction, breeding and agronomy Plant Breeding Institute, Kiel University, Germany Quinoa introduction, breeding Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) Quinoa genomics, breeding Wageningen University and Research (WUR) Quinoa genomics and breeding Brigham Young University, USA Quinoa genomics and breeding Washington State University, USA Breeding and agronomic research King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, KSA Genomics Kyoto University, Japan Genomics Fundación PROINPA , Bolivia Breeding and agronomy research Facultad Integral del Noreste, Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Bolivia Quinoa breeding and agronomy research for tropical region PREDUZA (Project), Ecuador, Bolivia Focused mainly Mildew resistance in Quinoa Copenhagen University, Denmark Breeding and agronomic research CIRAD, France Introduction and domestication INIAP: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Ecuador Breeding and agronomic research University of Buenos Aires, Argentina Quinoa genomics and breeding INIA : Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria, Peru Breeding and agronomic research INIA : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chile Breeding, agronomic research and agroindustry EMBRAPA, Brazil Breeding quinoa and agronomic research
  • 5. Characteristic of the ICBA’s Quinoa Varieties Quinoa Variety Days to maturity Plant height (cm) Stem diameter (mm) Single plant yield (g) Saponin ICBA-Q1 116 100 9.8 15.0 High ICBA-Q2 118 100 8.44 15.25 High ICBA-Q3 130 140 10.64 28.3 High ICBA-Q4 120 115 10.7 20.0 High ICBA-Q5 95 85 8.16 19.4 High
  • 6. Seasons (MENA region) / Window Mid October to Mid April Must Traits 1. Grain yield 2. Grain Quality 3. Stress tolerance (Abiotic) High (>10% over high yielding checks – Q3) 1. Big size grain (Test weight >3.00 g) 2. Multiple colour pure inbreds (Red, Black, white etc) 1. Drought tolerance (can grow with 250 mm water instead of 300 mm water) 2. Heat tolerance at reproductive stage (fruit setting possible at 40C : limit is about 35C) 3. Can increase the threshold salinity from 12 dS/m to >15 dS/m) Range Traits 1.Duration (days) 2. Plant height (cm) 3. Lodging <95 days 100-120 cm < 10% Win Traits / Game Changers 1. Saponin Free (< 0.02 % : 0.2g/kg) – Sweet vars. – reduce processing cost (No sweet variety in public domain) 2. High Bioavailability of Minerals (Fe and Zn) with low phytates 3. Seed Dormancy Quinoa Product Profile for MENA Region (example)
  • 7. Quinoa Varietal Development • Breeding at Very Primitive stage • Introduction and mass selection from landraces: ‘Quinua Real’, ‘Quinua Phisankalla’, ‘Quinua K’oito’, ‘Quinua Q’aslala’, ‘Quinua Pantela’ (Bolivia), ‘Baer’ (Chile), ‘Dulce de Quitopampa’ (Ecuador), ‘Pasankalla,’ ‘Chewecca,’ ‘Blanca de Juli,’ ‘Amarilla de Marangani,’ - ‘Rosada de Huancayo,’ and ‘Blanca de Hualhuas’ (Peru). • Single Plant Selection: ‘Sajama Amarantiforme’, ‘Kamiri’, ‘Chucapaca’, ‘Sayaña,’ ‘Jilata,’ ‘Patacamaya,’ ‘Ratuqui,’ ‘Jumataki,’ ‘Intinayra,’ ‘Surumi,’ ‘Jumataqui’, ‘Robura’ and ‘Santamaria’ • Recombination Breeding (Latin America): ‘Jach’a Grano, Kurmi, ‘Blanquita’, ‘Horizontes’, ‘Aynoqa’ (Bolivia), ‘Hualhuas’ and ‘Huancayo’(Peru)
  • 8. Difficult Floral Structure – Bottleneck in Recombination Breeding • Gyno-monoceous flowers (female and perfect flowers) Quinoa Inflorescence: Yellow hairs are stigmas and yellow ones are dehisced anthers. Two types of flowers: hermaphrodite and female flowers (source: Peterson et al. 2015; and Showkat, ICBA)
  • 9. ICBA is working on Introgression of Winning-traits / Game- changers to develop improved quinoa varieties • Already identified the donors for the ‘traits of interest’ to be utilized in breeding programs • Strengthening Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) to supplement breeding • Extensive phenotyping of the association mapping panel through MET at 8 locations across SSA, MENA, CA, SA and SEA for reliable QTL identification (DLSC) • Develop high yielding, sweet and early maturing quinoa varieties in accordance to product profiles for different regions (MENA, CAC and SSA as major targets)
  • 10. Key Take-home Messages • Quinoa is the best crop for highly saline and dry climate • Tailor made varieties based on product-profile leads to better acceptability • Saponin free varieties are the game changers • MAS supplemented breeding efforts can speed-up the germplasm improvement
  • 11. ICBA, A Center of Excellence looking at Agriculture for Tomorrow Thank you! Queries : r.singh@biosaline.org.ae ICBA is a founding member of the Association of International Research and Development Centers for Agriculture (AIRCA) www.biosaline.org