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Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Peatland Management in
Indonesia: Science to policy and
Knowledge-Education to Action
Feri Johana and Peat IMPACTS Team
Province-level: Sustainable Peatland
Plan Mainstreamed into Development Plan
= Evidence-based Peatland
Management plans has been
developed for W Kalimantan and S
Sumatra provinces and the two
targeted districts. Inclusive scenario
development and informed ex-ante
impacts were produced using
LUMENS;
Province-level: Sustainable Peatland Plan mainstreamed into
Spatial and Development Plans
= The mainstreaming process:
1. designation of production and protection peat areas is
recognized in the spatial plan;
2. prioritization of several sustainable peatland
management programs in the development plan;
3. Peatland Ecosystem Quality Index as one of
indicators of sustainable development that has to be
monitored and evaluated periodically
Climate
change
adaptation and
mitigation
Utilizing and
Reserving
of peat
ecosystems
Maintaining
and Protecting
the quality of
peat ecosystem
functions (FEG)
Controlling,
Monitoring,
optimizing and
conserving of
peat
ecosystems
Main
Component
Scope of
Peatland
Planning
(RPPEG)
= Maintain water
management -
preventing drought,
flooding and saltwater
intrusion for irrigation
in agricultural areas
= Store carbon stocks
= Prevent fire
= Protect biodiversity
= Restoration of the
hydrological function
of peat
= Increased Peat
Ecosystem restoration
performance for
companies or
concessions
= Capacity development
= Peat ecosystem
reserves and
protection of
ecosystem
functions
= Peat ecosystem
monitoring and
law enforcement
= Mitigate climate
impact caused
from peat
degradation
= Adaptation of
peat villages
from adverse
impact of
climate change
= We projected future land
uses under 3 scenarios using
LUMENS software
= The projected future land
uses are used as the basis of
ex-ante impact analysis
BAU Scenario
Existing Plan Scenario
RPPEG Scenario
Land use
projections
under three
peatland
management
scenarios
Estimated CO2 Emission
Projected Forest Cover and Estimated CO2 Emissions
The Existing Plan Scenario in the coming years may
increase forest cover, the RPPEG scenario can also
significantly increase forest cover, and in the long term
the RPPEG provides a consistently increasing trend.
Forest Cover
BAU
Existing Plan
RPPEG
In the short run Existing Plan can significantly
reduce GHG emission compared to BAU but it is
monotonously increasing over time, while the RPPEG
scenario results in decreasing emissions over time and
compared to BAU
● The main function of this area is for protection, but
some limited activities can still be conducted
● Land use recommendation based on the regulation;
1. research, scientific purposes, and education
(area inside the concession)
2. ecosystems services management, research,
scientific purposes, and education (area outside
the concessions)
Intervention Map
Protection Function of Peatland Ecosystem
Intervention Map
● Land use plan is directed toward land-based activities for
economics.
● Land allocation for both forest-based and non-forest-based
activities managed by private entities and communities
● Several land allocation remaining for conservation,
protection, and rehabilitation.
● In S Sumatra, the stakeholders agree and focuses on :
Community-Based Non-forest Use, and Corporate-Based
Forest Use.
Production Function of Peatland Ecosystem
Village-Level: Sustainable Peatland
Management
Sustainable Peatland Village
= Sustainable peatland management
requires commitment and cooperation
among stakeholders to implement the
intervention plan effectively, incl. farmers,
traders, and the village community
= The sustainable peatland
intervention/options developed through
a comprehensive diagnoses using ALLIR
= The cooperation among stakeholders is
formalized through peat livelihood
agreements and further developed into a
joint business model development
Business
Model for
Agro-
silvopasture at
Peatland’s
Village
= Twelve peat livelihood agreements have been established to support business
models
= Three district WGs at the district has been established to support the
implementation of the agreement
It is covers :
● production to
market function
● Identification of
enabling factor,
supporting
function, and the
institution
involved
Demo Plots and Farmer Capacity Strengthening Along Value Chains
Innovative Financing for Peatland
Management
Improving The
Capacity of Peatland
Financing Scheme
1. Awareness raising for key stakeholders at the district level
to identify scheme of relevant innovative financing
schemes;
2. Initiate and develop framework of Corporate
Social Environment Responsibility (CSER) as one of
innovative financing for sustainable peatland management.
3. Strengthening the institution for implementing the CSER for
Peatland
The Achievement :
1. Regulation on CSER that integrated peatland management
(Perbup 19/2023 and Perbup 20/2023) –Kubu Raya District
2. Action Plan of CSER Forum for 2024-2029 that integrate
peatland management action – OKI District
Peatland Management Knowledge
Sharing and Education
Peatland Education and Knowledge Sharing
= Knowledge management system for peat ecosystem management called WikiGambut has been
produced https://wikigambut.id/
= Local curricula on peat management was endorsed by heads of 3 districts and been used in
more than 1530 primary schools;
= More than 200 young graduates (males and females) participated in the incubation programs in
the two provinces
= Sustainable peat management requires awareness, knowledge, and commitment across
sectors, actors and generations, so reaching out diverse, targeted audience is necessary;
= We inniated three measured: peat curricula in primary school education, Wiki for Peat,
Youth Incubation for Peat Management.
Wiki Platform
A Participatory Approach for
Knowledge Management System
WikiGambut
(https://wikigambut.id)
or Peat IMPACTS
facilitates WikiPeat to
compile, synthesize
knowledge and
information about peat
ecosystems and its
management written by
multiple contributors for
broad readerships.
Social Media
Campaign
Peatland Talks
EduWiki
Article Review
Campus Tour
@wikigambut
@wikigambut_sumsel
@wikigambut_kalbar
Peat Education Curricula
for Primary School
The curricula covers peat
ecosystem and hydrological aspect of peatland,
human activity on the peat ecosystem, and many
activities for maintaining dan restoring degraded
peatlands;
The peat environmental education curriculum which
has local content (mulok), was successfully
implemented in 1530 state primary schools in three
districts: Kubu Raya in West Kalimantan province,
Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI), and Banyuasin in South
Sumatera province.
To support learning process, a children's storybook
"Ranti Mencari gambut" was created. Peat
IMPACTS organized story-telling competitions for
teachers and read-aloud competitions for students.
Incubation for
Young Researcher
of Peatland
= The capacity-building program for the youth of South
Sumatra and West Kalimantan was being conducted
by Peat-IMPACTS to groom young leaders who care
about peatlands and take action toward sustainable
peatland.
= This program invites young female and male university
graduates to participate in a series of activities to find
new knowledge and explore intervention options for
peatland management.
Conclusions
= The integration of peatland plan to development plan in West
Kalimantan and South Sumatera demonstrates Indonesia's
commitment to sustainable development, linking local initiatives
with global climate goals by reducing GHG emissions;
= Sustainable peatland management plan in these regions enhances
regional environmental governance and aligns it with national
policies and international conventions on biodiversity conservation
and climate change mitigation;
= Improved livelihoods supported by viable business model in the
peatland shows a sustainable model in bridging local economic
needs with sustainable peatland conservation efforts;
= The innovative financing schemes provided a model for sustainable
funding mechanisms that can be replicated nationally and globally;
= The education and public participation in peatland knowledge
create a strong foundation for broader societal stewardship, linking
local educational programs with global initiatives, thus fostering a
globally connected community of practice.
Lessons
learned from
Peat-IMPACTS
Indonesia
= Upscaling and cross-scaling
needs policy guidance;
= Systematic documentation of
successes and failures across projects
and programs can minimize risks and
optimize investment;
= No one-size-fits all formula, so
typology for identifying extrapolation
domains are important;
= Catalyzing funding through blended
finance is imperative perhaps through
carbon and biodiversity credits and
PES;
Suggestions for future works in Tropical Peatland
= Science and evidence-based
planning are needed to prioritize
programs, monitor and evaluation;
= Long-term demonstration plots
speed up adoption - systematic
establishment will induce wider
community of practices;
= Partnerships between public-
private are imperative;
= Education for Climate action
needs more investment
The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) is the world’s largest knowledge-led platform on integrated land use, dedicated to
achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Climate Agreement. The Forum takes a holistic approach to create
sustainable landscapes that are productive, prosperous, equitable and resilient and considers five cohesive themes of food
and livelihoods, landscape restoration, rights, finance and measuring progress. It is led by the Center for International Forestry
Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), in collaboration with its co-founders UNEP and the World Bank and
Charter Members.
Charter members: CIAT, CIFOR-ICRAF, CIRAD, Climate Focus, Conservation International, Crop Trust, Ecoagriculture
Partners, The European Forest Institute, Evergreen Agriculture, FAO, FSC, GEF, GIZ, ICIMOD, IFOAM - Organics
International, The International Livestock Research Institute, INBAR, IPMG, IUFRO, Rainforest Alliance, Rare, Rights and
Resources Initiative, SAN, TMG-Think Tank for Sustainability, UNCCD, UNEP, Wageningen Centre for Development
Innovation part of Wageningen Research, World Farmer Organization, World Bank Group, World Resources Institute, WWF
International, Youth in Landscapes Initiative (YIL)
Funding partners

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Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education

  • 2. Peatland Management in Indonesia: Science to policy and Knowledge-Education to Action Feri Johana and Peat IMPACTS Team
  • 3. Province-level: Sustainable Peatland Plan Mainstreamed into Development Plan
  • 4. = Evidence-based Peatland Management plans has been developed for W Kalimantan and S Sumatra provinces and the two targeted districts. Inclusive scenario development and informed ex-ante impacts were produced using LUMENS; Province-level: Sustainable Peatland Plan mainstreamed into Spatial and Development Plans = The mainstreaming process: 1. designation of production and protection peat areas is recognized in the spatial plan; 2. prioritization of several sustainable peatland management programs in the development plan; 3. Peatland Ecosystem Quality Index as one of indicators of sustainable development that has to be monitored and evaluated periodically
  • 5. Climate change adaptation and mitigation Utilizing and Reserving of peat ecosystems Maintaining and Protecting the quality of peat ecosystem functions (FEG) Controlling, Monitoring, optimizing and conserving of peat ecosystems Main Component Scope of Peatland Planning (RPPEG) = Maintain water management - preventing drought, flooding and saltwater intrusion for irrigation in agricultural areas = Store carbon stocks = Prevent fire = Protect biodiversity = Restoration of the hydrological function of peat = Increased Peat Ecosystem restoration performance for companies or concessions = Capacity development = Peat ecosystem reserves and protection of ecosystem functions = Peat ecosystem monitoring and law enforcement = Mitigate climate impact caused from peat degradation = Adaptation of peat villages from adverse impact of climate change
  • 6. = We projected future land uses under 3 scenarios using LUMENS software = The projected future land uses are used as the basis of ex-ante impact analysis BAU Scenario Existing Plan Scenario RPPEG Scenario Land use projections under three peatland management scenarios
  • 7. Estimated CO2 Emission Projected Forest Cover and Estimated CO2 Emissions The Existing Plan Scenario in the coming years may increase forest cover, the RPPEG scenario can also significantly increase forest cover, and in the long term the RPPEG provides a consistently increasing trend. Forest Cover BAU Existing Plan RPPEG In the short run Existing Plan can significantly reduce GHG emission compared to BAU but it is monotonously increasing over time, while the RPPEG scenario results in decreasing emissions over time and compared to BAU
  • 8. ● The main function of this area is for protection, but some limited activities can still be conducted ● Land use recommendation based on the regulation; 1. research, scientific purposes, and education (area inside the concession) 2. ecosystems services management, research, scientific purposes, and education (area outside the concessions) Intervention Map Protection Function of Peatland Ecosystem
  • 9. Intervention Map ● Land use plan is directed toward land-based activities for economics. ● Land allocation for both forest-based and non-forest-based activities managed by private entities and communities ● Several land allocation remaining for conservation, protection, and rehabilitation. ● In S Sumatra, the stakeholders agree and focuses on : Community-Based Non-forest Use, and Corporate-Based Forest Use. Production Function of Peatland Ecosystem
  • 11. Sustainable Peatland Village = Sustainable peatland management requires commitment and cooperation among stakeholders to implement the intervention plan effectively, incl. farmers, traders, and the village community = The sustainable peatland intervention/options developed through a comprehensive diagnoses using ALLIR = The cooperation among stakeholders is formalized through peat livelihood agreements and further developed into a joint business model development
  • 12. Business Model for Agro- silvopasture at Peatland’s Village = Twelve peat livelihood agreements have been established to support business models = Three district WGs at the district has been established to support the implementation of the agreement It is covers : ● production to market function ● Identification of enabling factor, supporting function, and the institution involved
  • 13. Demo Plots and Farmer Capacity Strengthening Along Value Chains
  • 14. Innovative Financing for Peatland Management
  • 15. Improving The Capacity of Peatland Financing Scheme 1. Awareness raising for key stakeholders at the district level to identify scheme of relevant innovative financing schemes; 2. Initiate and develop framework of Corporate Social Environment Responsibility (CSER) as one of innovative financing for sustainable peatland management. 3. Strengthening the institution for implementing the CSER for Peatland The Achievement : 1. Regulation on CSER that integrated peatland management (Perbup 19/2023 and Perbup 20/2023) –Kubu Raya District 2. Action Plan of CSER Forum for 2024-2029 that integrate peatland management action – OKI District
  • 17. Peatland Education and Knowledge Sharing = Knowledge management system for peat ecosystem management called WikiGambut has been produced https://wikigambut.id/ = Local curricula on peat management was endorsed by heads of 3 districts and been used in more than 1530 primary schools; = More than 200 young graduates (males and females) participated in the incubation programs in the two provinces = Sustainable peat management requires awareness, knowledge, and commitment across sectors, actors and generations, so reaching out diverse, targeted audience is necessary; = We inniated three measured: peat curricula in primary school education, Wiki for Peat, Youth Incubation for Peat Management.
  • 18. Wiki Platform A Participatory Approach for Knowledge Management System WikiGambut (https://wikigambut.id) or Peat IMPACTS facilitates WikiPeat to compile, synthesize knowledge and information about peat ecosystems and its management written by multiple contributors for broad readerships. Social Media Campaign Peatland Talks EduWiki Article Review Campus Tour @wikigambut @wikigambut_sumsel @wikigambut_kalbar
  • 19. Peat Education Curricula for Primary School The curricula covers peat ecosystem and hydrological aspect of peatland, human activity on the peat ecosystem, and many activities for maintaining dan restoring degraded peatlands; The peat environmental education curriculum which has local content (mulok), was successfully implemented in 1530 state primary schools in three districts: Kubu Raya in West Kalimantan province, Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI), and Banyuasin in South Sumatera province. To support learning process, a children's storybook "Ranti Mencari gambut" was created. Peat IMPACTS organized story-telling competitions for teachers and read-aloud competitions for students.
  • 20. Incubation for Young Researcher of Peatland = The capacity-building program for the youth of South Sumatra and West Kalimantan was being conducted by Peat-IMPACTS to groom young leaders who care about peatlands and take action toward sustainable peatland. = This program invites young female and male university graduates to participate in a series of activities to find new knowledge and explore intervention options for peatland management.
  • 22. = The integration of peatland plan to development plan in West Kalimantan and South Sumatera demonstrates Indonesia's commitment to sustainable development, linking local initiatives with global climate goals by reducing GHG emissions; = Sustainable peatland management plan in these regions enhances regional environmental governance and aligns it with national policies and international conventions on biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation; = Improved livelihoods supported by viable business model in the peatland shows a sustainable model in bridging local economic needs with sustainable peatland conservation efforts; = The innovative financing schemes provided a model for sustainable funding mechanisms that can be replicated nationally and globally; = The education and public participation in peatland knowledge create a strong foundation for broader societal stewardship, linking local educational programs with global initiatives, thus fostering a globally connected community of practice. Lessons learned from Peat-IMPACTS Indonesia
  • 23. = Upscaling and cross-scaling needs policy guidance; = Systematic documentation of successes and failures across projects and programs can minimize risks and optimize investment; = No one-size-fits all formula, so typology for identifying extrapolation domains are important; = Catalyzing funding through blended finance is imperative perhaps through carbon and biodiversity credits and PES; Suggestions for future works in Tropical Peatland = Science and evidence-based planning are needed to prioritize programs, monitor and evaluation; = Long-term demonstration plots speed up adoption - systematic establishment will induce wider community of practices; = Partnerships between public- private are imperative; = Education for Climate action needs more investment
  • 24. The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) is the world’s largest knowledge-led platform on integrated land use, dedicated to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Climate Agreement. The Forum takes a holistic approach to create sustainable landscapes that are productive, prosperous, equitable and resilient and considers five cohesive themes of food and livelihoods, landscape restoration, rights, finance and measuring progress. It is led by the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), in collaboration with its co-founders UNEP and the World Bank and Charter Members. Charter members: CIAT, CIFOR-ICRAF, CIRAD, Climate Focus, Conservation International, Crop Trust, Ecoagriculture Partners, The European Forest Institute, Evergreen Agriculture, FAO, FSC, GEF, GIZ, ICIMOD, IFOAM - Organics International, The International Livestock Research Institute, INBAR, IPMG, IUFRO, Rainforest Alliance, Rare, Rights and Resources Initiative, SAN, TMG-Think Tank for Sustainability, UNCCD, UNEP, Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation part of Wageningen Research, World Farmer Organization, World Bank Group, World Resources Institute, WWF International, Youth in Landscapes Initiative (YIL) Funding partners