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Quinoa: a fast
developing multipurpose
crop in China
Dr. REN Gui-xing
Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (ICS-CAAS)
Quinoa Committee of the Crop Science Society of China (QC-CSSC)
July, 28th, 2020
Outline
• The spread and distribution of quinoa in China
• Current status of quinoa industry in China
• The prospects of quinoa industry in China
• Acknowledgement
The spread and distribution of quinoa in China
Introduction
Large-scale
cultivation
1960s 1988
The formerly Institute of
Crop Breeding and
Cultivation, CAAS firstly
introduced quinoa
germplasm to China
Trial planting
Large scale quinoa
cultivation started in
Shanxi province
Jingle County:
Chinese Quinoa Hometown
2008
The Tibet Agriculture and
Animal Husbandry
College started the first
growing of quinoa in
China
The spread and distribution of quinoa in China
 Quinoa has been distributed in more than 20 provinces
Producer Area (Ha)
Gansu 4500
Inner Mongolia 4000
Shanxi 2300
Yunnan 2000
Qinghai 1600
Hebei 1600
Quinoa producer in China
The spread and distribution of quinoa in China
2019: 16,670 ha
28,800 t
2014: 1,300 ha
2,100 t
(QC-CSSC, 2020)
 China has become the third quinoa producer in the world, ranking after Peru
and Bolivia
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Longli No. 1, 2, 3, 4 (since 2015);
Tiaoli No. 1, 2, 3 (since 2016);
Qingli No. 1 , 2 , 3;Qingbaili No. 1;
Mengli No. 1; Zhongli No.1 (evaluation);
Qaidam-red No. 1; Qaidam-black No. 1;
Nilu; Jili No.1, 2 (evaluation)
18 verities have been released
through variety testing /
registration / evaluation
• Cultivar breeding
High density-type Tiaoli No. 2 Altiplano-type Qingli No. 1
• Cultivation practices Sowing and field management
Manual sowing in the mountains
Sowing with machine
Sowing in dry sandy soil
Weed control
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Manual and mechanical harvesting
Current status of quinoa industry in China
• Processing
There are more than 100 registered quinoa companies, and half of them are located in
Western China.
Milled quinoa
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Biscuit
Milk
Liquor
Bread
Pre-cooked quinoa
Products
Noodle Yellow wine
Quinoa market in China
 Quinoa grain is priced form 1 to 2.2 $/kg
 Milled quinoa is priced from 2.8 to ~100 $/kg
 The marketing channel includes e-commerce site and supermarket
Current status of quinoa industry in China
• Multipurpose utilization
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Foldder Vegetable Landscape
 Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County of Gansu Province
 Planting area 2200 ha in 2018, yield 2.25 t/ ha, quinoa grain price 1.14 $/kg
 Planting income 2570 $/ha (increased by 1400 & 1680 $/ha, compared to
broad bean & barely)
Poverty alleviation- a case in Northwest of China
May, 2018
Current status of quinoa industry in China
Society and communication
2015, Changchun
2016, Ulanqab
2017, Jinan
2019, Zhangjiakou
2015, Beijing
Current status of quinoa industry in China
— 4 quinoa industry summits
2019, Iquique, Chile 2019, Uyuni, Bolivia
International cooperation
Current status of quinoa industry in China
2016, ICBA, UAE
2018, IPK, Germany
2016, UNALM, Peru
Salt-tolerant and water-saving agriculture demands:
• Total saline land is appr. 3,600×107 ha in China
• Drought induces 47.3% agricultural production loss
Huge market potential:
• In 2025, Chinese quinoa consumption demand is expected to exceed 100,000 t
• Quinoa planting area > 50,000 ha, the total production > 90,000 t
The prospects of quinoa industry in China
Nutrition and health potential :
The prospects of quinoa industry in China
Quinoa polysaccharides, proteins and peptides showed a lot of health benefits, such
as hypolipidemic and antihypertension effects.
Acknowledgement
International and domestic partners
Prof. Jorge Antonio
Rojas Beltrán
Dr. Muhammad Shahid
Dr.Francisco Fabian
Fuentes Carmona
Esther Lolita
Rojas Vargas
Dr. Bangwei Zhou Assoc. Prof. Hongliang Cui
Prof. Ritva Repo de Carrasco Prof. Luz Gomez-Pando
Acknowledgement
 Finical supports from CAAS, MOA, MOST of P. R. China
 Thanks to my colleagues
 Dr. QIN Pei-you
 Dr. YANG Xiu-shi
 Dr. YAO Yang
 All students involved
Thank you for your attention!
Welcome to China!
Please feel free to contact me
Dr. REN Gui-xing
Professor Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Director National R&D Center for Minor Grains Processing (Beijing)
Director Quinoa Committee of the Crop Science Society of China
Add.: No.80 XUEYUAN South Road, Handian District, Beijing 100081, P.R. China
Mob.: (86)-137-1812-6755
Tel.: (86)-10-6211-5596; Fax: (86)-10-6215-6596
E-mail: renguixing@caas.cn renguixing@hotmail.com
Website: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guixing_Ren/
Wechat: renguixing51

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Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China

  • 1. Quinoa: a fast developing multipurpose crop in China Dr. REN Gui-xing Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (ICS-CAAS) Quinoa Committee of the Crop Science Society of China (QC-CSSC) July, 28th, 2020
  • 2. Outline • The spread and distribution of quinoa in China • Current status of quinoa industry in China • The prospects of quinoa industry in China • Acknowledgement
  • 3. The spread and distribution of quinoa in China Introduction Large-scale cultivation 1960s 1988 The formerly Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation, CAAS firstly introduced quinoa germplasm to China Trial planting Large scale quinoa cultivation started in Shanxi province Jingle County: Chinese Quinoa Hometown 2008 The Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College started the first growing of quinoa in China
  • 4. The spread and distribution of quinoa in China  Quinoa has been distributed in more than 20 provinces Producer Area (Ha) Gansu 4500 Inner Mongolia 4000 Shanxi 2300 Yunnan 2000 Qinghai 1600 Hebei 1600 Quinoa producer in China
  • 5. The spread and distribution of quinoa in China 2019: 16,670 ha 28,800 t 2014: 1,300 ha 2,100 t (QC-CSSC, 2020)  China has become the third quinoa producer in the world, ranking after Peru and Bolivia
  • 6. Current status of quinoa industry in China Longli No. 1, 2, 3, 4 (since 2015); Tiaoli No. 1, 2, 3 (since 2016); Qingli No. 1 , 2 , 3;Qingbaili No. 1; Mengli No. 1; Zhongli No.1 (evaluation); Qaidam-red No. 1; Qaidam-black No. 1; Nilu; Jili No.1, 2 (evaluation) 18 verities have been released through variety testing / registration / evaluation • Cultivar breeding High density-type Tiaoli No. 2 Altiplano-type Qingli No. 1
  • 7. • Cultivation practices Sowing and field management Manual sowing in the mountains Sowing with machine Sowing in dry sandy soil Weed control Current status of quinoa industry in China
  • 8. Manual and mechanical harvesting Current status of quinoa industry in China
  • 9. • Processing There are more than 100 registered quinoa companies, and half of them are located in Western China. Milled quinoa Current status of quinoa industry in China
  • 10. Current status of quinoa industry in China Biscuit Milk Liquor Bread Pre-cooked quinoa Products Noodle Yellow wine
  • 11. Quinoa market in China  Quinoa grain is priced form 1 to 2.2 $/kg  Milled quinoa is priced from 2.8 to ~100 $/kg  The marketing channel includes e-commerce site and supermarket Current status of quinoa industry in China
  • 12. • Multipurpose utilization Current status of quinoa industry in China Foldder Vegetable Landscape
  • 13.  Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County of Gansu Province  Planting area 2200 ha in 2018, yield 2.25 t/ ha, quinoa grain price 1.14 $/kg  Planting income 2570 $/ha (increased by 1400 & 1680 $/ha, compared to broad bean & barely) Poverty alleviation- a case in Northwest of China May, 2018 Current status of quinoa industry in China
  • 14. Society and communication 2015, Changchun 2016, Ulanqab 2017, Jinan 2019, Zhangjiakou 2015, Beijing Current status of quinoa industry in China — 4 quinoa industry summits
  • 15. 2019, Iquique, Chile 2019, Uyuni, Bolivia International cooperation Current status of quinoa industry in China 2016, ICBA, UAE 2018, IPK, Germany 2016, UNALM, Peru
  • 16. Salt-tolerant and water-saving agriculture demands: • Total saline land is appr. 3,600×107 ha in China • Drought induces 47.3% agricultural production loss Huge market potential: • In 2025, Chinese quinoa consumption demand is expected to exceed 100,000 t • Quinoa planting area > 50,000 ha, the total production > 90,000 t The prospects of quinoa industry in China
  • 17. Nutrition and health potential : The prospects of quinoa industry in China Quinoa polysaccharides, proteins and peptides showed a lot of health benefits, such as hypolipidemic and antihypertension effects.
  • 18. Acknowledgement International and domestic partners Prof. Jorge Antonio Rojas Beltrán Dr. Muhammad Shahid Dr.Francisco Fabian Fuentes Carmona Esther Lolita Rojas Vargas Dr. Bangwei Zhou Assoc. Prof. Hongliang Cui Prof. Ritva Repo de Carrasco Prof. Luz Gomez-Pando
  • 19. Acknowledgement  Finical supports from CAAS, MOA, MOST of P. R. China  Thanks to my colleagues  Dr. QIN Pei-you  Dr. YANG Xiu-shi  Dr. YAO Yang  All students involved
  • 20. Thank you for your attention! Welcome to China!
  • 21. Please feel free to contact me Dr. REN Gui-xing Professor Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Director National R&D Center for Minor Grains Processing (Beijing) Director Quinoa Committee of the Crop Science Society of China Add.: No.80 XUEYUAN South Road, Handian District, Beijing 100081, P.R. China Mob.: (86)-137-1812-6755 Tel.: (86)-10-6211-5596; Fax: (86)-10-6215-6596 E-mail: renguixing@caas.cn renguixing@hotmail.com Website: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guixing_Ren/ Wechat: renguixing51