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Success story of Quinoa
introduction and adoption
through effective
valorization in Morocco
Prof. Hirich Abdelaziz
African Sustainable Agriculture Research Institute (ASARI), Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Morocco
Problems and challenges
-The province of Rehamna is one of
the poorest in Morocco
- Problem of drought and
precipitation irregularity
- Need to replace the cactus crop that
was destroyed by the cochineal
Problems Challenges
-Limited availability of genetic
material for growingQuinoa outside
its native environment
- Limited knowledge of best practices
on Quinoa production and processing
- Lack of awareness around the
nutritional benefits of Quinoa and the
complexity of integrating it into local
diets
- Absence of marketing channels and
appropriate marketing strategies
Introduction trials
1.9
3.4
3.9
1.9
1.5 1.6
ICBA Q1 ICBA Q2 ICBA Q5 Titicaca Puno Local
seeds
Seed yield (T/ha)
2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3
2.9
2.5
4.4
2.0 2.1 2.0
2.4
1.9
2.2
2.6
0T/ha
5T/hacompost
10T/hacompost
20T/hacompost
10T/hamanure
20T/hamanure
40T/hamanure
0T/ha
5T/hacompost
10T/hacompost
20T/hacompost
10T/hamanure
20T/hamanure
40T/hamanure
ICBA-Q3 Local seeds
Seed yield (T/ha) 0.74
0.9
0.71
0.51
0.63
0.54
2.3
2.9
1.7
1.6
2.7
0.9
3.3
3.7
1.8
1.7
3.3
1.0
ICBA-Q1 ICBA-Q2 ICBA-Q3 ICBA-Q4 ICBA-Q5 Local seeds
Seed yield (T/ha)
Rainfed Irrigated without manure Irrigated with manure
Economic analysis
1001
680
326
412
1886
2206
323
670
5 5
20
30
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Manual quinoa
production under
rainfed system
Mechanized
quinoa production
under rainfed
system
Barley under
rainfed system
Wheat under
rainfed system Potentialyield(Qx/ha)
US$/ha
Quinoa Vs. Traditional cereals
Production cost (US$/ha) Net margin (US$/ha) Potential yield (Qx/ha)
2.0
1.4 1.4
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.0
0.9
Manual Mechanized Manual Mechanized
Real Optimised (irrigation +
fertilization)
Quinoa production cost (US$/kg)
Production cost including post-harvest (US$/kg)
Production cost at harvest (US$/kg)
Post-harvest machine developement
Quinoa machine development
Shelling Machine
Capacity: 150-200 kg/hr
TARAR Winnowing machine
Capacity: 150 kg/hr
Thresher
Capacity: 200 kg/hr
Combined harvester
Seed shelling effect on nutrient content
2.48
2.50
2.05
0.42
0.48
0.30
1.54
1.47
4.91
0.24
0.24
0.33
0.14
0.10
0.30
RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT
MACRO-ELEMENT CONTENT (% OF DM)
N P K Mg Ca
23.64
9.47
4.22
31.99
31.53
43.18
83.95
68.83
102.74
27.50
25.74
17.51
30.90
13.29
12.64
RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT
MICRO-ELEMENT CONTENT (PPM OF DM)
Cu Mn Fe Zn B
15.53
15.62
12.81
9.72
8.75
8.79
RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT
PROTEIN AND MOISTURE CONTENT
(%)
Protein
Moisture
Seed shelling effect on saponin content
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
SaponinAmount(%)
Pearling duration (min)
Puno Titicaca Q5
Market study
It was found that the optimum psychological or acceptability price is between 2 and 2.6 USD for 500 g package. Which is
between 4 and 5.2 USD/kg.
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
<15 15-20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-50 >50
Veryhighprice%
Lowquality%
Price range for 500 seeds package
Low quality %
Very high price %
Quinoa valorization
9
Promotion activities
10
Capacity building

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Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorization in Morocco

  • 1. Success story of Quinoa introduction and adoption through effective valorization in Morocco Prof. Hirich Abdelaziz African Sustainable Agriculture Research Institute (ASARI), Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Morocco
  • 2. Problems and challenges -The province of Rehamna is one of the poorest in Morocco - Problem of drought and precipitation irregularity - Need to replace the cactus crop that was destroyed by the cochineal Problems Challenges -Limited availability of genetic material for growingQuinoa outside its native environment - Limited knowledge of best practices on Quinoa production and processing - Lack of awareness around the nutritional benefits of Quinoa and the complexity of integrating it into local diets - Absence of marketing channels and appropriate marketing strategies
  • 3. Introduction trials 1.9 3.4 3.9 1.9 1.5 1.6 ICBA Q1 ICBA Q2 ICBA Q5 Titicaca Puno Local seeds Seed yield (T/ha) 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.9 2.5 4.4 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.6 0T/ha 5T/hacompost 10T/hacompost 20T/hacompost 10T/hamanure 20T/hamanure 40T/hamanure 0T/ha 5T/hacompost 10T/hacompost 20T/hacompost 10T/hamanure 20T/hamanure 40T/hamanure ICBA-Q3 Local seeds Seed yield (T/ha) 0.74 0.9 0.71 0.51 0.63 0.54 2.3 2.9 1.7 1.6 2.7 0.9 3.3 3.7 1.8 1.7 3.3 1.0 ICBA-Q1 ICBA-Q2 ICBA-Q3 ICBA-Q4 ICBA-Q5 Local seeds Seed yield (T/ha) Rainfed Irrigated without manure Irrigated with manure
  • 4. Economic analysis 1001 680 326 412 1886 2206 323 670 5 5 20 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Manual quinoa production under rainfed system Mechanized quinoa production under rainfed system Barley under rainfed system Wheat under rainfed system Potentialyield(Qx/ha) US$/ha Quinoa Vs. Traditional cereals Production cost (US$/ha) Net margin (US$/ha) Potential yield (Qx/ha) 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.9 Manual Mechanized Manual Mechanized Real Optimised (irrigation + fertilization) Quinoa production cost (US$/kg) Production cost including post-harvest (US$/kg) Production cost at harvest (US$/kg)
  • 5. Post-harvest machine developement Quinoa machine development Shelling Machine Capacity: 150-200 kg/hr TARAR Winnowing machine Capacity: 150 kg/hr Thresher Capacity: 200 kg/hr Combined harvester
  • 6. Seed shelling effect on nutrient content 2.48 2.50 2.05 0.42 0.48 0.30 1.54 1.47 4.91 0.24 0.24 0.33 0.14 0.10 0.30 RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT MACRO-ELEMENT CONTENT (% OF DM) N P K Mg Ca 23.64 9.47 4.22 31.99 31.53 43.18 83.95 68.83 102.74 27.50 25.74 17.51 30.90 13.29 12.64 RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT MICRO-ELEMENT CONTENT (PPM OF DM) Cu Mn Fe Zn B 15.53 15.62 12.81 9.72 8.75 8.79 RAW SEEDS PROCESSED SEEDS BY-PRODUCT PROTEIN AND MOISTURE CONTENT (%) Protein Moisture
  • 7. Seed shelling effect on saponin content 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 SaponinAmount(%) Pearling duration (min) Puno Titicaca Q5
  • 8. Market study It was found that the optimum psychological or acceptability price is between 2 and 2.6 USD for 500 g package. Which is between 4 and 5.2 USD/kg. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% <15 15-20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-50 >50 Veryhighprice% Lowquality% Price range for 500 seeds package Low quality % Very high price %