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Celestial bodies in the Solar System: the Sun, planets, satellites, comets, asteroids and meteorids.
Our solar system is made up by celestial
bodies. Celestial bodies are natural
objects in the sky and they can be:
-The Sun
-Planets
-Satellites
-Comets
-Asteroids
-Meteorids
It is a star because it
produces light and
heat. The Sun is at the
centre of the Solar
System.
There are eight planets
that orbit, move around
or revolve around the
Sun.
Mercury is the planet
nearest to the Sun.
This small and hot
planet has no moons.
It takes 58 days to
rotate on its axis and
88 days to revolve
around the Sun.
Its temperature goes
from 465ºC to -184ºC.
Venus is the the hottest
planet because it can reach
449ºC and it has no moons.
It needs -243 days to rotate
on its axis and 224 days to
orbit the Sun.
Venus is known as the
“morning star” or “evening
star”.
We live on the
Earth, the third
planet from the
Sun. It takes 24
hours to rotate
and 365 days to
orbit the Sun.
It has one moon.
Mars is the most
Earth-planet in the
Solar System. It has
two moons and its
atmosphere is mainly
composed of carbon
dioxide.
The biggest vocano
in the Solar System
is there.
This is the surface of Mars. There is ice on
both north and south poles.
Mars needs more than 24 hours to rotate
on its axis and 686 days to revolve around
the Sun.
Jupiter is a gas giant
and the biggest planet
in our Solar System. It
is so big that the rest of
the planets could fit
inside it. It has 63
moons.
It needs 10 hours to
rotate on its axis and
almost 12 years to orbit
the Sun.
Saturn is a gas
giant which has
beautiful rings
made of ice and
rocks. It has 33
moons.
It needs 10 hours
to rotate on its
axis and more
than 29 years to
revolve around
the Sun.
Uranus is a light blue
gas giant with 27
moons.
This planet is
extremely tilted and a
gas called methane
gives it the blue
colour as it absorbs
red light.
It needs 18 hours to
rotate on its axis and
84 years to revolve
around the Sun.
Neptune is a blue gas giant
because its atmosphere is
also composed of methane.
It has 13 moons and it
needs 16 hours to rotate on
its axis and more than 164
years to orbit the Sun!
So, it is the farthest planet
to the Sun.
The poles are in constant
darkness of sunlight for 40
years at a time.
PLANET

MOONS

ROTATION

REVOLUTION

Mercury

0

58 days

88 days

Venus

0

-243 days

224 days

Earth

1

24 hours

365 days

Mars

2

24 hours

686 days

Jupiter

63

10 hours

Almost 12
years

Saturn

33

10 hours

29 years

Uranus

27

18 hours

84 years

Neptune

13

16 hours

164 years
It is the only known planet where
living things can survive. This is
because:
- It has enough oxygen in its
atmosphere.
-There is water on its surface.
-Its warm temperature: it is not too hot
or too cold.
The Moon is the Earth’s only natural
satellite. It rotates on its axis at the
same time that the Earth, so it needs
24 hours to do so. It also takes about
28 days to orbit the Earth.

Remember!: Satellites, like planets, do
not produce light and heat. The Moon
shines because it reflects off the light
from the Sun.
FIRST
QUARTER

THIRD
QUARTER

FULL
MOON
CRESCENT
MOON

CRESCENT
MOON
They are space rocks. Some
asteroids are as big as mountains.
Some meteorids are as small as a
grain of sand.
ASTEROID
APPROACHING A
PLANET
A comet is like a big snowball
with a rock in the middle.
Comets start to melt when they
get close to the Sun. A melting
comet has a long tail.
COMETS APPROACHING A
PLANET

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Celestial bodies in the Solar System: the Sun, planets, satellites, comets, asteroids and meteorids.

  • 2. Our solar system is made up by celestial bodies. Celestial bodies are natural objects in the sky and they can be: -The Sun -Planets -Satellites -Comets -Asteroids -Meteorids
  • 3. It is a star because it produces light and heat. The Sun is at the centre of the Solar System.
  • 4. There are eight planets that orbit, move around or revolve around the Sun.
  • 5. Mercury is the planet nearest to the Sun. This small and hot planet has no moons. It takes 58 days to rotate on its axis and 88 days to revolve around the Sun. Its temperature goes from 465ºC to -184ºC.
  • 6. Venus is the the hottest planet because it can reach 449ºC and it has no moons. It needs -243 days to rotate on its axis and 224 days to orbit the Sun. Venus is known as the “morning star” or “evening star”.
  • 7. We live on the Earth, the third planet from the Sun. It takes 24 hours to rotate and 365 days to orbit the Sun. It has one moon.
  • 8. Mars is the most Earth-planet in the Solar System. It has two moons and its atmosphere is mainly composed of carbon dioxide. The biggest vocano in the Solar System is there.
  • 9. This is the surface of Mars. There is ice on both north and south poles. Mars needs more than 24 hours to rotate on its axis and 686 days to revolve around the Sun.
  • 10. Jupiter is a gas giant and the biggest planet in our Solar System. It is so big that the rest of the planets could fit inside it. It has 63 moons. It needs 10 hours to rotate on its axis and almost 12 years to orbit the Sun.
  • 11. Saturn is a gas giant which has beautiful rings made of ice and rocks. It has 33 moons. It needs 10 hours to rotate on its axis and more than 29 years to revolve around the Sun.
  • 12. Uranus is a light blue gas giant with 27 moons. This planet is extremely tilted and a gas called methane gives it the blue colour as it absorbs red light. It needs 18 hours to rotate on its axis and 84 years to revolve around the Sun.
  • 13. Neptune is a blue gas giant because its atmosphere is also composed of methane. It has 13 moons and it needs 16 hours to rotate on its axis and more than 164 years to orbit the Sun! So, it is the farthest planet to the Sun. The poles are in constant darkness of sunlight for 40 years at a time.
  • 14. PLANET MOONS ROTATION REVOLUTION Mercury 0 58 days 88 days Venus 0 -243 days 224 days Earth 1 24 hours 365 days Mars 2 24 hours 686 days Jupiter 63 10 hours Almost 12 years Saturn 33 10 hours 29 years Uranus 27 18 hours 84 years Neptune 13 16 hours 164 years
  • 15. It is the only known planet where living things can survive. This is because: - It has enough oxygen in its atmosphere. -There is water on its surface. -Its warm temperature: it is not too hot or too cold.
  • 16. The Moon is the Earth’s only natural satellite. It rotates on its axis at the same time that the Earth, so it needs 24 hours to do so. It also takes about 28 days to orbit the Earth. Remember!: Satellites, like planets, do not produce light and heat. The Moon shines because it reflects off the light from the Sun.
  • 18. They are space rocks. Some asteroids are as big as mountains. Some meteorids are as small as a grain of sand.
  • 20. A comet is like a big snowball with a rock in the middle. Comets start to melt when they get close to the Sun. A melting comet has a long tail.