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Basic Photography
Josefino T. Larena ,AB, CPS,MPA
Objectives
• To able to know Basic Photography
• To able to know some small technique in
Photography.
• To identify some local Photographer and their
style
Understanding the Three Basic Elements of Photography (Aperture, Shutter,
ISO)
• Depending on which way you look at it, it can be argued
that photography has either not changed at all since its
inception, or has changed more than a Chinese whisper
shared between the cast of Glee.
On one hand, advancements in technology has seen
camera’s and equipment become both affordable and
practical to the point that the average person can create
professional images which would have been seen as
impossible to the amateur photographer just 20 years ago.
On the other hand however, every camera can still be
seen as essentially just a box with a hole in one end. Sure
that hole is quite important (being essentially where the
light comes through), and you still need the mechanics and
means to record a photo but at its simplest, the basic
elements to capture an image has not changed.
Exposure
• Exposure is the basic element of any photograph taken
and recorded. Essentially, it is exactly how it sounds,
exposure is how much light your shot was exposed to,
and this reflects on what is produced in your final
image, be it on film, or more likely nowadays, digitally.
Without light, obviously there is no picture.
• Think of exposure as your eye, if you are in a pitch
black room with no light, you obviously can’t see
anything. When we are looking at something we are
not actually seeing it directly, we are looking at the
light reflecting and bouncing off the objects in front of
us. Exposure is determined by three essential elements
which we will look at individually here.
Aperture
• Aperture is the setting which controls the size
of the opening of light which comes through
to the lens. Normally this is done by
controlling the aperture blades which can be
changed to allow the aperture to become
smaller, in which less light is let through, or
obviously larger where more light is allowed
to pass through.
Basic Photography
Aperture type
Shutter Speed
• Shutter Speed is simply put, the amount of time that the
camera lets the light coming in, stay exposed and become
recorded. This can be changed quite easily and is measured in
fractions, i.e. 1/60, 1/125. This number relates to the timing
that the shutter is left open, for example 1/60 shutter speed
will mean the shutter stays open for 1 sixtieth of a second.
Most camera’s will have a larger range of varying shutter
speeds for the user to work with, from Sonic the Hedgehog
like speeds of 1/4000 which is great for capturing moving
action such as wildlife or freezing sports events, to long
exposures of sometimes over a minute long, perfect for
landscape photography or low light photography with a
tripod.
Shutter Speed
• Motion blur can also be achieved by panning
the camera to follow a subject, and the idea is
that the camera will keep the focus relatively
in focus because you are following it, but the
background which will move relative to your
camera will naturally blur. This is a common
technique if you want to convey a sense of
movement
Shutter Speed
ISO
• ISO is slightly less obvious as the above two as to what it is and
what role it plays, but has just as much importance in
determining correct exposure. ISO is normally measured from
100, 200, 400 etc., with a low a number as possible preferred.
This is because the higher ISO that is used, typically the more
‘noise’ you get on an image, where an image is not as sharp as
in the lower ISO’s. “So why don’t we shoot all shots with a low
ISO?” I hear you say. Well simply put, it’s sometimes not
possible, especially in difficult conditions such as low light.
Increasing the ISO can allow you to get images you would not
normally get, but at a cost, noise, if you want to just capture the
scene and pin sharp focus is a secondary thought then
increasing the ISO is an option. When you use a higher ISO, you
are increasing the sensitivity of the image sensor, so now the
sensor captures not just more light incoming, but also more
surrounding noise which reduces clarity in your image.
Combining the three
• Individually we have looked at the three
elements that make up exposure, so it’s
important to realize that all three need
to be in sync to get a ‘good’ exposure.
The key in the end however, as the same
with pretty much all aspects of learning
photography, is that practice makes
perfect. It’s about learning the particular
scene you want and then determining
what settings are the best. For example
for shooting a high speed sport event at
night like American Football, you may
need a high ISO as it is quite low light. To
freeze the quick burst of action a high
shutter speed will need to be used
(1/1000 is a good starting point). A slow
shutter speed will lead to images coming
out blurred. Aperture will likely be mid-
range, as the lowest settings won’t be
able to let enough light in.
Restoration of Picture
Adobe photoshop
Local Famous Photographer
Dax Cordova Miss Silliman 2014 Photogenic
Jay Noche ( Jay Nochefranca)
Wedding
Ian Omictin
Dondee Señeris
Cyril Paul
Greg Morales Family
Hersley-Ven Casero
Paaway og Kabayo sa Tanjay
Kenzo Laxina Bais South Highway
Janica Tan
Luigi Anton Reyes Borromeo
Michael Ocampo
Charlito Sindiong
• “BAHAY KUBO UNDER THE
MILKY WAY”
Photo by Charlito Sindiong
Siaton, Negros Oriental
International Photographer
Wig Tysmans
Basic Photography
Basic Photography
Thank you so much

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Basic Photography

  • 1. Basic Photography Josefino T. Larena ,AB, CPS,MPA
  • 2. Objectives • To able to know Basic Photography • To able to know some small technique in Photography. • To identify some local Photographer and their style
  • 3. Understanding the Three Basic Elements of Photography (Aperture, Shutter, ISO) • Depending on which way you look at it, it can be argued that photography has either not changed at all since its inception, or has changed more than a Chinese whisper shared between the cast of Glee. On one hand, advancements in technology has seen camera’s and equipment become both affordable and practical to the point that the average person can create professional images which would have been seen as impossible to the amateur photographer just 20 years ago. On the other hand however, every camera can still be seen as essentially just a box with a hole in one end. Sure that hole is quite important (being essentially where the light comes through), and you still need the mechanics and means to record a photo but at its simplest, the basic elements to capture an image has not changed.
  • 4. Exposure • Exposure is the basic element of any photograph taken and recorded. Essentially, it is exactly how it sounds, exposure is how much light your shot was exposed to, and this reflects on what is produced in your final image, be it on film, or more likely nowadays, digitally. Without light, obviously there is no picture. • Think of exposure as your eye, if you are in a pitch black room with no light, you obviously can’t see anything. When we are looking at something we are not actually seeing it directly, we are looking at the light reflecting and bouncing off the objects in front of us. Exposure is determined by three essential elements which we will look at individually here.
  • 5. Aperture • Aperture is the setting which controls the size of the opening of light which comes through to the lens. Normally this is done by controlling the aperture blades which can be changed to allow the aperture to become smaller, in which less light is let through, or obviously larger where more light is allowed to pass through.
  • 8. Shutter Speed • Shutter Speed is simply put, the amount of time that the camera lets the light coming in, stay exposed and become recorded. This can be changed quite easily and is measured in fractions, i.e. 1/60, 1/125. This number relates to the timing that the shutter is left open, for example 1/60 shutter speed will mean the shutter stays open for 1 sixtieth of a second. Most camera’s will have a larger range of varying shutter speeds for the user to work with, from Sonic the Hedgehog like speeds of 1/4000 which is great for capturing moving action such as wildlife or freezing sports events, to long exposures of sometimes over a minute long, perfect for landscape photography or low light photography with a tripod.
  • 9. Shutter Speed • Motion blur can also be achieved by panning the camera to follow a subject, and the idea is that the camera will keep the focus relatively in focus because you are following it, but the background which will move relative to your camera will naturally blur. This is a common technique if you want to convey a sense of movement
  • 11. ISO • ISO is slightly less obvious as the above two as to what it is and what role it plays, but has just as much importance in determining correct exposure. ISO is normally measured from 100, 200, 400 etc., with a low a number as possible preferred. This is because the higher ISO that is used, typically the more ‘noise’ you get on an image, where an image is not as sharp as in the lower ISO’s. “So why don’t we shoot all shots with a low ISO?” I hear you say. Well simply put, it’s sometimes not possible, especially in difficult conditions such as low light. Increasing the ISO can allow you to get images you would not normally get, but at a cost, noise, if you want to just capture the scene and pin sharp focus is a secondary thought then increasing the ISO is an option. When you use a higher ISO, you are increasing the sensitivity of the image sensor, so now the sensor captures not just more light incoming, but also more surrounding noise which reduces clarity in your image.
  • 12. Combining the three • Individually we have looked at the three elements that make up exposure, so it’s important to realize that all three need to be in sync to get a ‘good’ exposure. The key in the end however, as the same with pretty much all aspects of learning photography, is that practice makes perfect. It’s about learning the particular scene you want and then determining what settings are the best. For example for shooting a high speed sport event at night like American Football, you may need a high ISO as it is quite low light. To freeze the quick burst of action a high shutter speed will need to be used (1/1000 is a good starting point). A slow shutter speed will lead to images coming out blurred. Aperture will likely be mid- range, as the lowest settings won’t be able to let enough light in.
  • 15. Local Famous Photographer Dax Cordova Miss Silliman 2014 Photogenic
  • 16. Jay Noche ( Jay Nochefranca) Wedding
  • 21. Hersley-Ven Casero Paaway og Kabayo sa Tanjay
  • 22. Kenzo Laxina Bais South Highway
  • 24. Luigi Anton Reyes Borromeo
  • 26. Charlito Sindiong • “BAHAY KUBO UNDER THE MILKY WAY” Photo by Charlito Sindiong Siaton, Negros Oriental
  • 30. Thank you so much