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Group 6
1. Nguyễn Thị Mai B
2. Đặng Thị Hương Sen
3. Bùi Thị Thanh Thủy
4. Hà Quang Tùng
Đặng Thị Hương Sen
1. Definition
2. Indicators
Đặng Thị Hương Sen
1. Definition
-Apposition is the linking of units having the some meaning or
grammatical status
- The units linked together are called appositives
Eg. Mr. Tom, the doctor, was here last afternoon.
Eg. A brother, Thomas, was on the television last night.
2.Indicators
Eg. The passenger of 1980s , namely the supersonic jet, will transform
relations between peoples of the world
The indicators express certain semantic relationships the appositives
Namely , that is to say, in other words, for example, for instance ,
including, as follows , mainly, especially , such as , particularly ,
mostly….
Đặng Thị Hương Sen
Position
3.Some of these indicators either precede or follow the second
appositive
Eg. The headmaster of Hop Duc secondary school , in other words Thu
Thao , was on newpaper last morning.
The headmaster of Hop Duc secondary school , Thu Thao in other
words , was on newpaper last morning
1. only precede the second appositive: namely, and, or(rather/better) as
follows, such as, of and the abbreviated forms, ie,viz and eg
Eg. Many professions, such as the legal profession , have established their
own codes of professional conduct.
2. “included” only follows the second appositive
Eg. Many people, my sister included , won’t forgive him for that
Đặng Thị Hương Sen
Apposition
Restrictive
Apposition
Non-restrictive
Apposition
3.Type
 Restrictive Apposition:
E.g.
1. My friend Lan sings very well.
2. Have you ever seen the novel Harry Potter?
links the appositives having
value
equal information
E.g. The President of the USA Barack Obama
is quite handsome 
1. 1st appositive is expression
and is preceded by a determiner
(and pre-modifier)
more general
definite
E.g. I’m looking for the teacher Emily
“The”
E.g.
Is this Mr Harry the musician ?
=> 2. is more general expression
and is preceded by a definite determiner (and
pre-modifier)
2nd appositive
3. Similar to (1) but no determiner
E.g. Teamleader Cuong was the most successful
leader which inspired the other group.
Uses
(1)
Citations
& Names of books…
“the fact that”, “the idea that”
 Have you ever read the novel “Harry Potter”?
 I totally disagree with the fact that she is more
intelligent than me.
• Restrictive apposition:
• 3 expressions
links the appositives
having equal
information value
3.2 Non-restrictive
apposition
a. Definition
b. Types
It provides unnecessary informations that
the meaning of sentence will not be
changed if we omit it.
(1)
Equivalence
Appellati
on
Designa
tion
Identificati
on
Reformula
tion
- shows unique reference between 2 appositives.
E.g. The secretary, Tung, is the most handsome boy in us class.
- shows unique reference between 2 appositives, but the second less
specific than the first.
E.g. Tung, the secretary of us class, is a single boy.
- no unique reference between 2 appositives, the second
identifies the first.
E.g. That girl, with glasses, is my friend.
- means the rewording of the second appositive in the
content of the first.
E.g. Batman, a superhero, is my favorite character.
Presenter: Hà Quang Tùng
- Involves predication rather than
equivalence
- Certain constructions in second
appositive
• No article
Team leader of group 6, Mai, is
fat
• With Adverbial
My friend, particularly Huy,
likes travelling.
• With verbless clause
John, my friend, believes the
prisoner innocent.
- Examplification:
- Particularization:
second exemplifies the
more general term in first
Ex: He promised, say to arrive at 8, isn’t
realiable
first particularization the
more general term in second
Ex: The girl, particularily Huy and
Trang, say they don’t like him
Comparation between restrictive and
non-restrictive apposition
Restrictive Non-restrictive
• Essential
information
• Additionally
decriptive
information
• Can’t be omitted
• No comma
• Can be
omitted
• Use comma
Identify whether the following sentences are restrictive or non-
restrictive appositive?
1. My brother Jim went white water rafting in Colorado last
summer.
2. Starbucks, one of the best places for coffee in town, is always
busy.
3. George Washington the first president of the United States had
false teeth that were made of wood
4. Venice, a city of canals villas and marvelous cuisine, is home to
the Peggy Guggenheim Museum.
5. Mars the fourth planet from the sun is also called the "Red
Planet" because of its reddish appearance as seen from Earth.
Exercise
A relative clause is not always an
appositive
1. My sister, Alice Smith, likes jelly beans.
2. My sister, a doctor whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly
beans.
3. My sister, whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly
beans.
=> The appositive is the noun phrase Alice Smith.
=> The appositive is the noun phrase with dependent
relative clause a doctor whose name is Alice Smith
=> There is no appositive. There is a relative
clause: whose name is Alice Smith.

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Apposition

  • 1. Group 6 1. Nguyễn Thị Mai B 2. Đặng Thị Hương Sen 3. Bùi Thị Thanh Thủy 4. Hà Quang Tùng
  • 2. Đặng Thị Hương Sen 1. Definition 2. Indicators
  • 3. Đặng Thị Hương Sen 1. Definition -Apposition is the linking of units having the some meaning or grammatical status - The units linked together are called appositives Eg. Mr. Tom, the doctor, was here last afternoon. Eg. A brother, Thomas, was on the television last night.
  • 4. 2.Indicators Eg. The passenger of 1980s , namely the supersonic jet, will transform relations between peoples of the world The indicators express certain semantic relationships the appositives Namely , that is to say, in other words, for example, for instance , including, as follows , mainly, especially , such as , particularly , mostly…. Đặng Thị Hương Sen
  • 5. Position 3.Some of these indicators either precede or follow the second appositive Eg. The headmaster of Hop Duc secondary school , in other words Thu Thao , was on newpaper last morning. The headmaster of Hop Duc secondary school , Thu Thao in other words , was on newpaper last morning 1. only precede the second appositive: namely, and, or(rather/better) as follows, such as, of and the abbreviated forms, ie,viz and eg Eg. Many professions, such as the legal profession , have established their own codes of professional conduct. 2. “included” only follows the second appositive Eg. Many people, my sister included , won’t forgive him for that Đặng Thị Hương Sen
  • 7.  Restrictive Apposition: E.g. 1. My friend Lan sings very well. 2. Have you ever seen the novel Harry Potter? links the appositives having value equal information
  • 8. E.g. The President of the USA Barack Obama is quite handsome 
  • 9. 1. 1st appositive is expression and is preceded by a determiner (and pre-modifier) more general definite E.g. I’m looking for the teacher Emily “The”
  • 10. E.g. Is this Mr Harry the musician ? => 2. is more general expression and is preceded by a definite determiner (and pre-modifier) 2nd appositive
  • 11. 3. Similar to (1) but no determiner E.g. Teamleader Cuong was the most successful leader which inspired the other group.
  • 12. Uses (1) Citations & Names of books… “the fact that”, “the idea that”
  • 13.  Have you ever read the novel “Harry Potter”?  I totally disagree with the fact that she is more intelligent than me.
  • 14. • Restrictive apposition: • 3 expressions links the appositives having equal information value
  • 15. 3.2 Non-restrictive apposition a. Definition b. Types It provides unnecessary informations that the meaning of sentence will not be changed if we omit it. (1) Equivalence Appellati on Designa tion Identificati on Reformula tion - shows unique reference between 2 appositives. E.g. The secretary, Tung, is the most handsome boy in us class. - shows unique reference between 2 appositives, but the second less specific than the first. E.g. Tung, the secretary of us class, is a single boy. - no unique reference between 2 appositives, the second identifies the first. E.g. That girl, with glasses, is my friend. - means the rewording of the second appositive in the content of the first. E.g. Batman, a superhero, is my favorite character. Presenter: Hà Quang Tùng
  • 16. - Involves predication rather than equivalence - Certain constructions in second appositive
  • 17. • No article Team leader of group 6, Mai, is fat • With Adverbial My friend, particularly Huy, likes travelling. • With verbless clause John, my friend, believes the prisoner innocent.
  • 18. - Examplification: - Particularization: second exemplifies the more general term in first Ex: He promised, say to arrive at 8, isn’t realiable first particularization the more general term in second Ex: The girl, particularily Huy and Trang, say they don’t like him
  • 19. Comparation between restrictive and non-restrictive apposition Restrictive Non-restrictive • Essential information • Additionally decriptive information • Can’t be omitted • No comma • Can be omitted • Use comma
  • 20. Identify whether the following sentences are restrictive or non- restrictive appositive? 1. My brother Jim went white water rafting in Colorado last summer. 2. Starbucks, one of the best places for coffee in town, is always busy. 3. George Washington the first president of the United States had false teeth that were made of wood 4. Venice, a city of canals villas and marvelous cuisine, is home to the Peggy Guggenheim Museum. 5. Mars the fourth planet from the sun is also called the "Red Planet" because of its reddish appearance as seen from Earth. Exercise
  • 21. A relative clause is not always an appositive 1. My sister, Alice Smith, likes jelly beans. 2. My sister, a doctor whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly beans. 3. My sister, whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly beans. => The appositive is the noun phrase Alice Smith. => The appositive is the noun phrase with dependent relative clause a doctor whose name is Alice Smith => There is no appositive. There is a relative clause: whose name is Alice Smith.