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Constructivist Learning theory


Published on

For EME 2040

Published in: Education

Constructivist Learning theory

  2. 2. MENU What is it? Who made it? How is it used? My Classroom
  3. 3. CONSTRUCTIVISM: WHAT IS IT? A theory that emphasizes active learning, such as:  Group activities.  Constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it.  Debates.  Reflecting on experiences.  Socialization. Continue
  4. 4. WHAT IS IT? (CONTINUED)  Constructivism posits general concepts of individuality, such as:  Learners construct knowledge based off of past experiences.  Each learner has a unique interpretation and construction of knowledge processes.  The learner is not a blank slate. (tabula rasa) Continue
  5. 5. WHAT IS IT? (CONTINUED) For a student-made video to better understand constructivism, click here. Return to Main Menu
  6. 6. CONSTRUCTIVISM: WHO MADE IT? John Dewey  Emphasized the significance of experience in education. Piaget  Demonstrated that children’s minds were not empty, but were constantly processing the material they were presented. George Kelly  Personal Construct Theory  Stated that personal identity is defined by the way we understand our person worlds. Continue
  7. 7. WHO MADE IT? (CONTINUED) Lev Vygotsky: the most significant theorists for social constructivism  Known for his theory of the “Zone of Proximal Development.”  Observed that children rarely did as well when performing alone than they did when working collaboratively with an adult.  Believed that the development of language and articulation of ideas was essential for learning and development. Return to Main Menu
  8. 8. CONSTRUCTIVISM: HOW IS IT USED?Teachers: Instructors are meant to be facilitators, not teachers. Facilitators provide an environment for the learner to construct his/her own conclusions. Instructors make use of group work. Instructors may utilize Socratic methods for student-oriented discussions. Continue
  9. 9. HOW IS IT USED? (CONTINUED)Teachers continued: Instructors might utilize the internet to research current events. Instructors could assign collaborative research projects and PowerPoint presentations. Continue
  10. 10. HOW IS IT USED? (CONTINUED) Students:  Learners should be active in classroom discussions.  They could reflect on the material with one another.  They could relate the lesson to a past experience.  They could utilize the internet to research connections between the material and current events. Return to Main Menu
  11. 11. CONSTRUCTIVISM: MY CLASSROOM Constructivism relates to my personal teaching philosophies in that I view every student as an individual. I believe that students should construct their own knowledge, not rely on lectures. Continue
  12. 12. MY CLASSROOM (CONTINUED) I would assign hands-on activities to ensure that students are actively learning. I believe that students should work together to solve problems. This would aid them in thinking critically. Return to Main Menu