The Propaganda Movement

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The Propaganda Movement

  1. 1. THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT Mr. Rey Belen
  2. 2. The Propaganda Movement <ul><li>It was not a radical agitation to overthrow Spanish rule by a bloody revolution but instead it was a peaceful campaign following these aims: </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Equality of Filipinos and the Spaniards before the law </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation of the Philippines as a regular province of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of Philippine representation in the Cortes, the law making body of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinization of Philippine parishes </li></ul><ul><li>Individual liberties for the Filipinos, such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom to assembly and freedom of petition for action on all complaints </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Propaganda Movement <ul><li>The members were from the middle class families representing the group of Filipino Intelegencia. </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Rizal: the greatest novelist of the movement </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He wrote his poetical masterpiece entitled Mi Ultimo Adios (My Last Farewell) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Noli Me Tangere (1887) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>El Felibusterismo (1891) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. La Solidaridad <ul><li>The official organ/ magazine of the Propaganda Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Graciano Lopez Jaena served as the first editor </li></ul><ul><li>The first issue was published in Barcelona Spain on February 15, 1889 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aims of the La Solidaridad: <ul><li>To work for political and social reforms peacefully </li></ul><ul><li>To present the sad conditions in the Philippines so that Spain can remedy them </li></ul><ul><li>To oppose the evil influences of reaction and outmoded beliefs and practices </li></ul><ul><li>To advocate liberal ideas and progress </li></ul><ul><li>To champion the just aspirations of the Filipinos to life, democracy and happiness </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pen Names of the Members <ul><li>Marcelo H. Del Pilar- Plaridel </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Rizal- Laong Laan and Dimasalang </li></ul><ul><li>Mariano Ponce- Naning, Tikbalang or Kalipulako </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Luna- Taga-ilog </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Ma. Panganiban- Jomapa </li></ul><ul><li>Dominador Gomez- Ramiro Franco </li></ul>
  8. 8. La Asociacion Hispano-Filipino <ul><li>Established in January 12, 1889 </li></ul><ul><li>A civic society in Madrid of the propagandists and their Spanish friends </li></ul><ul><li>Miguel Morayta was the first president </li></ul>
  9. 9. La Politica de España en Felipinas <ul><li>Organized to fight against the La Solidaridad </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Feced was the editor of this magazine </li></ul>
  10. 10. La Liga Filipina <ul><li>Unus instar Omnium (One like All) </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Jose Rizal </li></ul><ul><li>July 03, 1892 at Ilaya Street in Tondo </li></ul><ul><li>The constitution was written in Hong Kong with the help of Jose Ma. Basa </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Constitution states: <ul><li>Union of the Philippine Archipelago into a compact, strong and homogeneous body. </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual protection of the members </li></ul><ul><li>Defense against all violence and injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement of education, agriculture and commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Study and application of reforms </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Arrest of Jose Rizal <ul><li>July 7, 1892: Gen. Eulogio Despujol ordered Rizal’s arrest and imprisonment at Fort Santiago </li></ul><ul><li>July 15: He was put into exile in Dapitan </li></ul><ul><li>This marked the fall of the La Liga Filipina </li></ul><ul><li>Some members, led by Apolinario Mabini, tried to revive the league but the failed because many members, including Andres Bonifacio, believed that it was useless to expect reforms from the corrupt Spaniards. </li></ul>

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