Drama triangle - Transactional Analysis


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Stephen Karpman devised a simple yet powerful diagram for analyzing games, the drama triangle. He suggested that whenever people play games, they are stepping into one of three script roles: Persecutor, Rescuer or Victim.

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Drama triangle - Transactional Analysis

  1. 1. Prepared By Manu Melwin Joy Research Scholar School of Management Studies CUSAT, Kerala, India. Phone – 9744551114 Mail – manu_melwinjoy@yahoo.com Kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose. Please seek permission to reproduce the same in public forms and presentations.
  2. 2. Drama Triangle • Stephen Karpman devised a simple yet powerful diagram for analyzing games, the drama triangle. • He suggested that whenever people play games, they are stepping into one of three script roles: Persecutor, Rescuer or Victim.
  3. 3. Persecutor • He is someone who puts other people down and belittles them. • The persecutor views others as being one down and not ok.
  4. 4. Persecutor
  5. 5. Rescuer • He sees others as being not OK and one down. • But the rescuer responds by offering help from a one up position.
  6. 6. Rescuer
  7. 7. Victim • He is himself one down and not OK. • Sometimes, the victim will seek a persecutor to put him down and push him around. • The victim may be in search of a rescuer who will offer help and confirm the victim’s belief “I can’t cope on my own”.
  8. 8. Victim
  9. 9. Example
  10. 10. Drama Triangle • Every one of the drama triangle roles entails a discount. Both persecutor and rescuer discount others. • The persecutor discounts other’s value and dignity. Extreme persecutor may discount other people’s right to life and physical health. • The rescuer discounts others abilities to think for themselves and act on their own initiative. • A victim discounts himself.
  11. 11. Activity • Take one minute to write down all the words you can think of that might be applied to a persecutor. • Do the same for a Rescuer and for a victim.
  12. 12. Drama Roles • All three drama triangle roles are inauthentic. • When people are in one of these roles, they are responding to the past rather than to the here and now. • They are using old scripty strategies they decided upon as children or took on board from their parents.
  13. 13. Drama Triangle • To signal the inauthenticity of the triangle roles, the words Persecutor, Rescuer and Victim are spelled with initial capitals. • If we spell the words beginning with small letters, we mean real life persecutors, rescuers or victims.
  14. 14. Activity • Can you think of a real life persecutor who would not also be a persecutor. • What would be examples of the difference between an authentic rescuer and a person playing the role of Rescuer. • Would you say it is possible for anyone to be a victim without also being a Victim.
  15. 15. Switch • Usually, someone who is playing a game will start at one of the positions and then will switch to another. • This switch in Drama Triangle positions takes place at the moment of the Switch in the Game formula.
  16. 16. Activity • What drama triangle switched did you make in your own personal game example.
  17. 17. OK Triangle • In every game, there are at least 10 % OK reasons in each P, R, V corner. • Every idea spoken has at least 10% truth in it. • 10 % of population react the same way. • 10 % of what you are saying is not true anyway.
  18. 18. Rhoda’s Triangle
  19. 19. Thank You
  20. 20. Other TA topics available on slideshare 1. Strokes - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/strokes-24081607. 2. Games People Play - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/psychological- games-people-play. 3. Structural Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/the-ego-state-model. 4. What is TA? - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/what-ta-is 5. Cycles of Development - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/cycles-of- developement-pamela-levin-transactional-analysis. 6. Stages of Cure - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stages-of-cure. 7. Transactions - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/transactions-33677298. 8. Time Structuring - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/time-structuring. 9. Life Position - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/life-position. 10. Autonomy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/autonomy-33690557. 11. Structural Pathology - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/structural-pathology. 12. Game Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/game-analysis-33725636. 13. Integrated Adult - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/integrated-adult. 14. Stroke Economy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stroke-economy- 33826702.