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Prepared By
Manu Melwin Joy
Research Scholar
School of Management Studies
CUSAT, Kerala, India.
Phone – 9744551114
Mail – manu_melwinjoy@yahoo.com
Kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose.
Please seek permission to reproduce the same in public
forms and presentations.
Drama Triangle
• Stephen Karpman
devised a simple yet
powerful diagram for
analyzing games, the
drama triangle.
• He suggested that
whenever people play
games, they are
stepping into one of
three script roles:
Persecutor, Rescuer or
Victim.
Persecutor
• He is someone who puts
other people down and
belittles them.
• The persecutor views
others as being one
down and not ok.
Persecutor
Rescuer
• He sees others as being
not OK and one down.
• But the rescuer responds
by offering help from a
one up position.
Rescuer
Victim
• He is himself one down
and not OK.
• Sometimes, the victim
will seek a persecutor to
put him down and push
him around.
• The victim may be in
search of a rescuer who
will offer help and
confirm the victim’s
belief “I can’t cope on my
own”.
Victim
Example
Drama Triangle
• Every one of the drama
triangle roles entails a
discount. Both persecutor
and rescuer discount others.
• The persecutor discounts
other’s value and dignity.
Extreme persecutor may
discount other people’s right
to life and physical health.
• The rescuer discounts others
abilities to think for
themselves and act on their
own initiative.
• A victim discounts himself.
Activity
• Take one minute to
write down all the
words you can think of
that might be applied
to a persecutor.
• Do the same for a
Rescuer and for a
victim.
Drama Roles
• All three drama
triangle roles are
inauthentic.
• When people are in
one of these roles, they
are responding to the
past rather than to the
here and now.
• They are using old
scripty strategies they
decided upon as
children or took on
board from their
parents.
Drama Triangle
• To signal the
inauthenticity of the
triangle roles, the
words Persecutor,
Rescuer and Victim are
spelled with initial
capitals.
• If we spell the words
beginning with small
letters, we mean real
life persecutors,
rescuers or victims.
Activity
• Can you think of a real life
persecutor who would not
also be a persecutor.
• What would be examples
of the difference between
an authentic rescuer and a
person playing the role of
Rescuer.
• Would you say it is
possible for anyone to be
a victim without also
being a Victim.
Switch
• Usually, someone who
is playing a game will
start at one of the
positions and then will
switch to another.
• This switch in Drama
Triangle positions
takes place at the
moment of the Switch
in the Game formula.
Activity
• What drama triangle
switched did you make
in your own personal
game example.
OK Triangle
• In every game, there are
at least 10 % OK reasons
in each P, R, V corner.
• Every idea spoken has at
least 10% truth in it.
• 10 % of population react
the same way.
• 10 % of what you are
saying is not true
anyway.
Rhoda’s Triangle
Thank You
Other TA topics available on slideshare
1. Strokes - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/strokes-24081607.
2. Games People Play - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/psychological-
games-people-play.
3. Structural Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/the-ego-state-model.
4. What is TA? - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/what-ta-is
5. Cycles of Development - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/cycles-of-
developement-pamela-levin-transactional-analysis.
6. Stages of Cure - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stages-of-cure.
7. Transactions - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/transactions-33677298.
8. Time Structuring - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/time-structuring.
9. Life Position - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/life-position.
10. Autonomy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/autonomy-33690557.
11. Structural Pathology - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/structural-pathology.
12. Game Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/game-analysis-33725636.
13. Integrated Adult - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/integrated-adult.
14. Stroke Economy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stroke-economy-
33826702.

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Drama triangle - Transactional Analysis

  • 1.
  • 2. Prepared By Manu Melwin Joy Research Scholar School of Management Studies CUSAT, Kerala, India. Phone – 9744551114 Mail – manu_melwinjoy@yahoo.com Kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose. Please seek permission to reproduce the same in public forms and presentations.
  • 3. Drama Triangle • Stephen Karpman devised a simple yet powerful diagram for analyzing games, the drama triangle. • He suggested that whenever people play games, they are stepping into one of three script roles: Persecutor, Rescuer or Victim.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Persecutor • He is someone who puts other people down and belittles them. • The persecutor views others as being one down and not ok.
  • 8. Rescuer • He sees others as being not OK and one down. • But the rescuer responds by offering help from a one up position.
  • 10. Victim • He is himself one down and not OK. • Sometimes, the victim will seek a persecutor to put him down and push him around. • The victim may be in search of a rescuer who will offer help and confirm the victim’s belief “I can’t cope on my own”.
  • 13. Drama Triangle • Every one of the drama triangle roles entails a discount. Both persecutor and rescuer discount others. • The persecutor discounts other’s value and dignity. Extreme persecutor may discount other people’s right to life and physical health. • The rescuer discounts others abilities to think for themselves and act on their own initiative. • A victim discounts himself.
  • 14.
  • 15. Activity • Take one minute to write down all the words you can think of that might be applied to a persecutor. • Do the same for a Rescuer and for a victim.
  • 16. Drama Roles • All three drama triangle roles are inauthentic. • When people are in one of these roles, they are responding to the past rather than to the here and now. • They are using old scripty strategies they decided upon as children or took on board from their parents.
  • 17. Drama Triangle • To signal the inauthenticity of the triangle roles, the words Persecutor, Rescuer and Victim are spelled with initial capitals. • If we spell the words beginning with small letters, we mean real life persecutors, rescuers or victims.
  • 18. Activity • Can you think of a real life persecutor who would not also be a persecutor. • What would be examples of the difference between an authentic rescuer and a person playing the role of Rescuer. • Would you say it is possible for anyone to be a victim without also being a Victim.
  • 19. Switch • Usually, someone who is playing a game will start at one of the positions and then will switch to another. • This switch in Drama Triangle positions takes place at the moment of the Switch in the Game formula.
  • 20. Activity • What drama triangle switched did you make in your own personal game example.
  • 21. OK Triangle • In every game, there are at least 10 % OK reasons in each P, R, V corner. • Every idea spoken has at least 10% truth in it. • 10 % of population react the same way. • 10 % of what you are saying is not true anyway.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 26. Other TA topics available on slideshare 1. Strokes - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/strokes-24081607. 2. Games People Play - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/psychological- games-people-play. 3. Structural Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/the-ego-state-model. 4. What is TA? - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/what-ta-is 5. Cycles of Development - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/cycles-of- developement-pamela-levin-transactional-analysis. 6. Stages of Cure - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stages-of-cure. 7. Transactions - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/transactions-33677298. 8. Time Structuring - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/time-structuring. 9. Life Position - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/life-position. 10. Autonomy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/autonomy-33690557. 11. Structural Pathology - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/structural-pathology. 12. Game Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/game-analysis-33725636. 13. Integrated Adult - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/integrated-adult. 14. Stroke Economy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stroke-economy- 33826702.