Geochinasection3

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Geochinasection3

  1. 1. Chapter 23 Section 3
  2. 2. <ul><li>Has a Population of 1.2 billion people </li></ul><ul><li>22% of the world’s population </li></ul>
  3. 3. Population <ul><li>94% of the population are Han Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>6% is made up of 55 different ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people of Tibet being only one group </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Chinese civilization is more than 4,000 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasties – ruling families </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled China during most of their history </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Chinese were the first to use paper and ink </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ideas and Inventions <ul><li>Learning is the key to good behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Confucius – Chinese Philosopher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Said people should be polite, honest, brave, and wise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children should obey their parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect the elderly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obey the country’s rulers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Chinese invented the following <ul><li>Clock </li></ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><li>The first Printed Book </li></ul><ul><li>Fireworks </li></ul><ul><li>Gun Powder </li></ul><ul><li>Crossbow </li></ul><ul><li>Grenade </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Chinese tried to avoid outside influence </li></ul><ul><li>European countries forced China to trade during the 17-1800s </li></ul><ul><li>1912 uprising overthrew the last dynasty </li></ul>
  9. 10. Revolution of 1949 <ul><li>Mao Zedung led communist forces against the Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Led a people’s revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Helped to create a communist government in China </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled China for 41 years. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Chiang Kai-shek </li></ul><ul><li>Led the nationalists forces </li></ul><ul><li>Escaped to Taiwan and set up the Republic of China in Taiwan . </li></ul><ul><li>Led attacks against communist forces for many years before the revolution in 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>1947 </li></ul>
  11. 12. Communist China <ul><li>Wanted to modern industrialized country </li></ul><ul><li>They denied freedoms to Chinese People </li></ul>
  12. 13. Tiananmen Square <ul><li>http://www.thebeijingguide.com/tiananmen_square/index.html </li></ul>
  13. 14. June, 1989
  14. 15. Tiananmen Square Massacre <ul><li>Students protested against government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called for Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1,000 students were killed by the government </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 were arrested and many were executed </li></ul>
  15. 16. Rural Life <ul><li>70% of China’s people live in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Most people farm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor intensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have to use hand tools because machinery is too expensive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Has improved in recent years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Villages have community centers that provide opportunities for citizens </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. City Life <ul><li>515 million people live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>30% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Living conditions are crowded </li></ul><ul><li>Most homes have heat, electricity, and running water </li></ul>
  17. 19. The Arts <ul><li>China is famous for its traditional arts </li></ul><ul><li>Craft workers make bronze bowls, jade jewelry, glazed pottery, and fine porcelain </li></ul><ul><li>China’s art is influenced by nature </li></ul>
  18. 20. China – Why should we care? <ul><li>http://www.christusrex.org/www2/china/ </li></ul>

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