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East Asia History


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East Asia History

  1. 1. East Asia History and Government
  2. 2. CHINA I Early History <ul><li>China is the culture Hearth of East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The culture of China dates back more than 5,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>China was ruled by a series of ruling families called a dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>A dynasty ruled until it became weak and lost the “mandate of heaven” then a new powerful family took over </li></ul><ul><li>Some important dynasties in china include </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Shang Kept the first records </li></ul><ul><li>Zhou ruled for 800 years. China grew, iron was produced </li></ul><ul><li>Qin First built the great wall around 220 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Han Large Empire from 206 BC to 220 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Tang During Han and Tang Chinese influence spread across East Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Ming Chinese reached East Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Qing Ruled from 1600s to the early 1900s. Were the last Dynasty </li></ul>
  4. 4. II Modern China <ul><li>Rule of Dynasties ended in 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Chaing Kai-shek became a military ruler of China in 1927 </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong led a communist revolution and took over in 1949 and set up the Peoples Republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>Kai-shek followers, or Nationalists, fled to Taiwan and maintained the name Republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>Both China and Taiwan claim to be the “True” china </li></ul>
  5. 5. III Economic Change <ul><li>During early communist rule the government took control of the land. Production fell and millions starved. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1970s the government gave the land back to the people and production increased. </li></ul><ul><li>In the early 1990s China opened up economically to a market economy, but maintained communism as its political power. </li></ul><ul><li>Today China is rapidly becoming a dominate economic power. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Japan I Early History <ul><li>Early Japan was ruled by Clans or family groups who were united together </li></ul><ul><li>In 1192 the clans were overthrown by the first Shogun, or military rulers who were supported by samurai or professional warriors. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan has followed a policy of isolation for most of its history. The first European merchants and missionaries were kicked out because of suspicion of military intentions </li></ul>
  7. 7. II Modern History <ul><li>In the 1800s USA forced Japan to open up to outside trade </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1800s Japan rapidly modernized </li></ul><ul><li>In the early 1900s Japan fought wars with China, Russia, Manchuria and Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Victories in these wars brought Japan expanded territory and they became rich </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>E. In the 1930s Japan signed a pact with Nazi Germany and once again invaded China </li></ul><ul><li>F. This led to WWII in which Japan lost 3 million lives and after the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders and gives up overseas territories and dismantles their military. </li></ul><ul><li>G. Since the war they have had a democratic government that has rebuilt the economy and they have become a high tech leader and have become a global economic power </li></ul>
  9. 9. Korea I Early History <ul><li>Early in Korean history the land was ruled by strong family dynasties. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1200s, Chinese settlers brought with them Buddhism which later became the national religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Korea has been the land of disputes between neighboring countries. Many wars have been fought on their peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Through the 1800s they kept a policy of isolation which earned them the nickname “Hermit Kingdom” </li></ul><ul><li>Japan controlled Korea from 1910 until the end of WWII. Japan tried to force their culture on the Korean people </li></ul>
  10. 10. II A Divided Korea <ul><li>After WWII Korea was divided into the South, backed by the USA, and North backed by communist China. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950, North Korea tried to unite the Koreas by invading the south </li></ul><ul><li>The Korean war lasted until 1953 when a truce was signed and it kept the country divided almost exactly where it was before the invasion, along the 38 th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Since that time the two Koreas have gone through cultural divergence, or a growing apart of their cultures. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Both sides had strong autocratic leaders, however, South Korea has gradually moved toward democracy where North Korea has remained under strict one party rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Today North Korea is ruled by Kim Jong II and he keeps very tight control over the country. His rule has led to the death of over 2 million of his own people due to food shortages, and mismanagement of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also thought to be 200,000 political prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the world is watching the nuclear program of North Korea very carefully. </li></ul>