Global Studies Unit #6B – East Asia (China)
The Geography of China
Satellite View of China
China’s Provinces
Climate
Monsoon Precipitation Patterns
Winter Monsoons
Summer Monsoons
Summer Rainfall
Vegetation
Agricultural Regions in China
“ Brown” China vs. “Green” China Rice Dominant Wheat Dominant Pasture and Oasis Double-crop rice
Demographics
Top 10 Populated Nations 2001 2050
Ancient China
Yellow River Civilization
The 4 Old-World  River Valley Cultures
“ T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven <ul><li>The leader must lead by ability and   virtue.  </li></ul><ul><li>The dynasty's...
The Dynastic Cycle A new  dynasty  comes to power. Lives of common  people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Pr...
Chinese Philosophies & Ethical Codes
Confucianism
Confucius 551 – 479 B.C.E. Born in the feudal    state of Liu. Became a teacher   and editor of books.
Confucianism <ul><li>Everyone has duties and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Accept your position in life </li></ul><ul...
Taoism <ul><li>Reject conflict and strife in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to live in harmony with nature </li></ul...
Legalism <ul><li>Youngest of the philosophies in Ancient China </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to unite Confucianism with Taoism ...
Imperial China: Qin to Ming Dynasties
Qin Dynasty: 221-206 B.C. <ul><li>Established China’s first empire </li></ul><ul><li>Legalist rule  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The Great Wall with Towers
The Eastern terminus of the Great Wall, Shanhai Pass
 
Han Dynasty, 206 B.C.-220 AD <ul><li>“ People of the Han”    original Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Paper  invented [105 BC] ...
Trade Routes of the Ancients
Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 BC <ul><li>Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased emphasi...
The MONGOLS [“Golden Horde”] <ul><li>Temujin -->  Genghis Khan  [“Universal Ruler”] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1162 - 1227  </l...
The MONGOLS [“Golden Horde”] <ul><li>Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do not pay homage,  we will tak...
The Extent of the Mongol Empire
Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. <ul><li>Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pax Mongolica  [“Mongol Pea...
Marco Polo  (1254-1324) <ul><li>A Venetian merchant. </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled through Yuan China:  1271-1295 </li></ul><...
China’s last native imperial dynasty!
The Forbidden City:  China’s New Capital
Revived the Civil Service Exams Designed to find the “best” governmental officials
Ming Cultural Revolution <ul><li>Printing & Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, popular books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD <ul><li>Golden Age of Chinese Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho) <ul><li>China’s “Columbus?” </li></ul>
Imperial China’s Impact on History <ul><li>Removed religion from morality. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginnings of political philo...
The People’s Republic of China
Reasons for the Communists’ Success <ul><li>Mao won support of peasants – land  </li></ul><ul><li>Mao won support of women...
Communist China Under Mao <ul><li>Industrialized China </li></ul><ul><li>Increased literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Class privil...
Communist China Under Mao <ul><li>Designed to renew revolutionary    spirit and establish a more   equitable society </li>...
With regard to the great teacher Chairman Mao, cherish the word 'Loyalty'. With regard to the great Mao Zedong Thought, vi...
The reddest, reddest, red sun in our heart, Chairman Mao, and us together Zhejiang Workers, Farmers and Soldiers Art Acade...
Propaganda Poster China in the New Age
Communist Government and a Capitalist Economy
Tiananmen Square, 1989 More democracy!
Tiananmen Square, 1989 Democracy—Our Common Ideal!
Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Government Clamps Down
Tiananmen Square, 1989 One Lone Man’s Protest
Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Massacre:  The People’s Army Moves In
Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Army Looks for Dissidents
Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student Leaders Are Arrested
Tiananmen Square, 1989 Chinese Students Mourn the Dead
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Unit #6 B East Asia (China)

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  • Unit #6 B East Asia (China)

    1. 1. Global Studies Unit #6B – East Asia (China)
    2. 2. The Geography of China
    3. 3. Satellite View of China
    4. 4. China’s Provinces
    5. 5. Climate
    6. 6. Monsoon Precipitation Patterns
    7. 7. Winter Monsoons
    8. 8. Summer Monsoons
    9. 9. Summer Rainfall
    10. 10. Vegetation
    11. 11. Agricultural Regions in China
    12. 12. “ Brown” China vs. “Green” China Rice Dominant Wheat Dominant Pasture and Oasis Double-crop rice
    13. 13. Demographics
    14. 14. Top 10 Populated Nations 2001 2050
    15. 15. Ancient China
    16. 16. Yellow River Civilization
    17. 17. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures
    18. 18. “ T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven <ul><li>The leader must lead by ability and virtue. </li></ul><ul><li>The dynasty's leadership must be justified by succeeding generations. </li></ul><ul><li>The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important. </li></ul>
    19. 19. The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions, etc.) Taxes increase; men forced to work for army. Farming neglected. Govt. increases spending; corruption. Droughts, floods, famines occur. Poor lose respect for govt. They join rebels & attack landlords. Rebel bands find strong leader who unites them. Attack the emperor. Emperor is defeated !! The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here 
    20. 20. Chinese Philosophies & Ethical Codes
    21. 21. Confucianism
    22. 22. Confucius 551 – 479 B.C.E. Born in the feudal state of Liu. Became a teacher and editor of books.
    23. 23. Confucianism <ul><li>Everyone has duties and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Accept your position in life </li></ul><ul><li>Correct order in life will bring stability (balance is key) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler’s responsibility was to provide good government </li></ul><ul><li>People’s responsibility was to be respectful and loyal subjects </li></ul>
    24. 24. Taoism <ul><li>Reject conflict and strife in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to live in harmony with nature </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity in life and the virtue of yielding to outside pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest image:Water – yields to pressure, yet is an unstoppable force that causes immense changes </li></ul><ul><li>Best government – one that governs least </li></ul>
    25. 25. Legalism <ul><li>Youngest of the philosophies in Ancient China </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to unite Confucianism with Taoism under a strict code for behavior – only through a strict sense of loyalty and unity could peace and harmony with nature and self be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh rules – set down by harsh rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Government control of everything, down to the smallest facet of everyday life (made great use of paper to get the word out) </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers greatest asset – ability to control the people and provide stability </li></ul><ul><li>Control and discipline brought unity and harmony </li></ul>
    26. 26. Imperial China: Qin to Ming Dynasties
    27. 27. Qin Dynasty: 221-206 B.C. <ul><li>Established China’s first empire </li></ul><ul><li>Legalist rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucratic administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book burnings  targeted Confucianists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buried protestors alive! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Built large section of the Great Wall </li></ul>
    28. 28. The Great Wall with Towers
    29. 29. The Eastern terminus of the Great Wall, Shanhai Pass
    30. 31. Han Dynasty, 206 B.C.-220 AD <ul><li>“ People of the Han”  original Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Paper invented [105 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism introduced into China </li></ul><ul><li>Empire expanded into Central Asia </li></ul>
    31. 32. Trade Routes of the Ancients
    32. 33. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 BC <ul><li>Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books. </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic compass makes China a great sea power! </li></ul>
    33. 34. The MONGOLS [“Golden Horde”] <ul><li>Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1162 - 1227 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from the steppe [dry, grass-covered plains of Central Asia] </li></ul></ul>
    34. 35. The MONGOLS [“Golden Horde”] <ul><li>Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do not have children, we will take your wife. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you do not have a wife, we will take your head. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used cruelty as a weapon  some areas never recovered from Mongol destruction! </li></ul>
    35. 36. The Extent of the Mongol Empire
    36. 37. Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. <ul><li>Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged foreign trade & foreign merchants to live and work in China. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marco Polo comes to China </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 38. Marco Polo (1254-1324) <ul><li>A Venetian merchant. </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Black Stones” [coal] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gunpowder. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noodles. </li></ul></ul>
    38. 39. China’s last native imperial dynasty!
    39. 40. The Forbidden City: China’s New Capital
    40. 41. Revived the Civil Service Exams Designed to find the “best” governmental officials
    41. 42. Ming Cultural Revolution <ul><li>Printing & Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, popular books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>woodblock printing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cheap paper. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to explosion in literacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to further popularization of the commercial market. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture & Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased literacy leads to increased interest in cultural expressions, ideas, and things: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literature. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Painting. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opera. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    42. 43. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD <ul><li>Golden Age of Chinese Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Softness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gracefulness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three different schools of painting developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of thousands of workers constructed the Forbidden City . </li></ul>
    43. 44. Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho) <ul><li>China’s “Columbus?” </li></ul>
    44. 45. Imperial China’s Impact on History <ul><li>Removed religion from morality. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/she is legitimate. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate of Heaven </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Secular law. </li></ul><ul><li>Valued history  The Dynastic Cycle </li></ul>
    45. 46. The People’s Republic of China
    46. 47. Reasons for the Communists’ Success <ul><li>Mao won support of peasants – land </li></ul><ul><li>Mao won support of women </li></ul><ul><li>Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Many felt that the Nationalists allowed foreigners to dominate China. </li></ul>
    47. 48. Communist China Under Mao <ul><li>Industrialized China </li></ul><ul><li>Increased literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Class privileges ended </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Chinese received health care </li></ul><ul><li>One-party dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>Denied people basic rights and freedoms --> Inner Mongolia, Tibet </li></ul>
    48. 49. Communist China Under Mao <ul><li>Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society </li></ul><ul><li>Mao wanted to put “intellectuals” in their place </li></ul><ul><li>Schools shut down – students revolted </li></ul><ul><li>Red Guards – students who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers </li></ul>
    49. 50. With regard to the great teacher Chairman Mao, cherish the word 'Loyalty'. With regard to the great Mao Zedong Thought, vigorously stress the word 'Usefullness'. (1968) Cult of Personality
    50. 51. The reddest, reddest, red sun in our heart, Chairman Mao, and us together Zhejiang Workers, Farmers and Soldiers Art Academy collective, 1968 Mao’s Little Red Book
    51. 52. Propaganda Poster China in the New Age
    52. 53. Communist Government and a Capitalist Economy
    53. 54. Tiananmen Square, 1989 More democracy!
    54. 55. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Democracy—Our Common Ideal!
    55. 56. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Government Clamps Down
    56. 57. Tiananmen Square, 1989 One Lone Man’s Protest
    57. 58. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Massacre: The People’s Army Moves In
    58. 59. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Army Looks for Dissidents
    59. 60. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student Leaders Are Arrested
    60. 61. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Chinese Students Mourn the Dead

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