Prehistory of Cambodia Evidence of pots dating back to 4200 B.C. Stable, organised societies that spoke languages similar to present day Khmer by 1st century A.D. Khmer people were some of the first people to adopt religious and political ideas from India.
Funan Period 1st to 6th Century Cambodia composed of acollection of small states –Funanwas one Funan was a major sea port – major role in transmission of culture into Cambodia including the introduction of Hinduism.
Chenla Period 6th to 8th century Another one of the states thatexisted during the Funan period Gained independence and conquered Funan When the king governing this empire (Jayavarman I) died, the kingdom was divided into Land Chenla and Water Chenla
Khmer Empire/Angkorian Era 9th-13th century King Jayavarman II brought the remnants of Chenla together under his control The famous Angkor Wat was built during this era by King Suryavaman II as a devotionto a Hindu god, Vishnu Jayavarman VII wasanother King that existedduring this era Mahayana Buddhist Around 13th century,Theravada Buddhism wasintroduced by monks fromSri-Lanka which eventuallybecame the prominent religion inAngkor
Dark Ages of Cambodia After the death of King Jayavarman VII– empire experienced great decline Angkorian kingdom lost control of theperipheries Involved in power struggle between Vietnam and Siam/Thailand
French Colonial Period 1863 – King Norodom signed treaty with French to establish protectorate and eventually became a colony of the French WWII also occurred during this era and the Japanese empire occupied much of Cambodia during 1941-1945 Eventually the French governor general enthroned Norodom Sihanouk as king thinking he was easy to manipulate However Sihanouk helped Cambodia gain independence from the French in 1953
Pol Pot• Born in 1925 and died in 1998• Leader of Khmer Rouge• Member of French Communist Party• Became leader of Cambodia in 1975
Khmer Rouge Motto- To keep you is no benefit. To destroy you is no loss Attempts at agricultural reform which led to famine, diseases and death Killed many intellectuals, city dwellers, minority people Approximately 2.1 million people died (21% of the Cambodian population)
Year Zero Cambodia; Phnom Penh taken over by Pol Pot Drastic revolution:All moved to the countryside to become agricultural workers. Money becomes worthless, basic freedoms are curtailed and religion is banned. genocide The total death toll during the next three years is estimated to be at least 1.7 million. Idea behind year zero?
1975: Cambodia re-named Kampuchea 1976: Re-titled Democratic Kampuchea 1977: War with Vietnam 1978: Vietnam invades Cambodia 1979: Vietnamese forces take Phnom Penh. Pol Pot andKhmer Rouge troops flee. The people’s republic of Kampuchea is establied. 1989: Vietnamese troops withdraw and the country is re-named the state of Cambodia.
Uneasy Peace 1991 - A peace agreement is signed in Paris. Sihanouk becomes head of state. 1993 - The monarchy is restored, Sihanouk becomes king again. The country is re-named the Kingdom of Cambodia. The government-in-exile loses its seat at the UN. 1994 - Thousands of Khmer Rouge guerrillas surrender in government amnesty. 1996 - Deputy leader of Khmer Rouge IengSaryforms a new party and is granted amnesty by Sihanouk.
1998: Pol Pot dies 2004:NorodomSihamoni son of Shihanouk becomes king. 2005: Tribunal to try Khmer Rouge leaders gets green light from UN. Many Khmer Rouge leaders are tried and given varies punishments.