Europe Unit 4

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Europe Unit 4

  1. 1. Unit 4 Europe
  2. 2. The Land <ul><li>Covers 1.9 million square miles </li></ul><ul><li>Seas and Coasts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long jagged coast line (many peninsulas and offshore islands) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being close to the sea has made it easy for most of Europe to trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea is a source of food for many Europeans </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Mountains <ul><li>Europe is covered mostly by mountains </li></ul><ul><li>The Pyrenees- rugged and form the border between France and Spain </li></ul><ul><li>The Alps- are located across the southern and central parts of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Carpathians- chain of mountains that are located over eastern Europe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plains and Rivers <ul><li>Fertile plains curve around the mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Farms and cities are located throughout the plains </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers provide trade links between inland areas </li></ul><ul><li>The Rhine flows through NW Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Danube River flows eastward from central Europe to the Black Sea </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate and Vegetation <ul><li>A mild climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most countries enjoy a mild climate year round (due to the warm Atlantic current) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Europe has colder longer winters and short and cool summers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vegetation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Europe- mosses and small shrubs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NW and Eastern- forests and grasslands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air pollution has harmed many woodlands </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Economy <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very productive farmland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use modern equipment to produce maximum yields of grains, fruits, and vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise cattle and sheep </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial centers developed around major mineral deposits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing centers (cars, textiles, steel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service industries (banking, insurance, tourism) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The People <ul><li>Population- 520 million people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly live in urban areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Greeks and Romans laid the foundation for European government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500-1500- Christianity shaped Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1400s-1500s- The Renaissance (learning and arts advancement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1700s- The Industrial Revolution occurs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The People <ul><li>Europeans explored, settled, and conquered other lands </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for land led to two world wars </li></ul><ul><li>After WWII, Europe split, one side communist, the other side non-communist </li></ul><ul><li>1980s- communism fell bringing countries’ governments and economies together </li></ul>

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