Australia1

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Australia1

  1. 1. Australia Section 1 notes
  2. 2. 1.      Where is Australia located? <ul><li>Lies between the Indian and Pacific Oceans </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is Australia considered a continent and not an island? <ul><li>It is too large to be considered an island </li></ul>
  4. 4. Australia is the _________ largest country in the world. <ul><li>6th </li></ul>
  5. 5. Describe the physical landscape of Australia. <ul><li>It does not have a wide variety of physical features. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly deserts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry grasslands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal plains </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ______________ and ___________ have worn the continent to the lowest and flattest in the world. <ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul>
  7. 7. Describe the Great Barrier Reef. <ul><li>It is a chain of island created from coral formations </li></ul>
  8. 8. Describe some of the characteristics of the Great Dividing Range. <ul><li>It divides the flow of water toward the Pacific Ocean or inland </li></ul>
  9. 9. Define outback. <ul><li>Island parts of Australia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Define stations. <ul><li>Australian Sheep and livestock ranches </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why is the Great Artesian Basin important to the people in the Central Lowlands? <ul><li>For many people in the Central Lowlands the artesian wells are their only source of water </li></ul>
  12. 12. Describe the climate of Australia. <ul><li>Northern Australia: tropical climate </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal areas of the south and southwest: </li></ul><ul><li>  warm summers and mild winters </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Mountains: are the only areas of Australia where the temperature falls below freezing </li></ul>
  13. 13. Define marsupials <ul><li>Mammals that carry their young in a pouch </li></ul>                                                        
  14. 14. Why do they only live in Australia? <ul><li>Because Australia is an isolated country. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What economic activities are important in Australia? <ul><li>Mining, Agriculture, and Tourism </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where do most Australians live? <ul><li>Most people live along the coasts </li></ul>
  17. 17. Who were the first Australians and when did they arrive? <ul><li>The first Australians were and are known as Aborigines </li></ul>
  18. 18. Describe some of the positive results of the one hundred years of British rule. <ul><li>Style of Government </li></ul>
  19. 19. Describe some of the negative results of the one hundred years of British rule. <ul><li>Many Aborigines died from disease </li></ul>
  20. 20. Name and describe two of Australia’s largest cities and Australia’s capital city. <ul><li>Sydney : cultural and commercial center </li></ul><ul><li>Melboune: cultural and commercial center </li></ul>
  21. 21. Define bush. <ul><li>Rural areas of Australia </li></ul>

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