Chapters 11 and 25 Japanese Art

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  • Compare printmaking to Andy Warhol’s Factory products.Interested western artists through use of large, flat areas of color; unchanging tones; lack of shadow; odd angles of composition; cropped images. (Think Impressionism, Roy Lichtenstein)
  • Chapters 11 and 25 Japanese Art

    1. 1. Chapters 11 and 25: Japanese Art<br />AP Art History<br />Magister Ricard<br />
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    3. 3. Key Concepts<br />Deep reaching artistic tradition<br />Heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism<br />Tea ceremony unique to Japanese culture<br />Ukiyo-e woodblock prints heavily influenced western art (Impressionism)<br />
    4. 4. Historical Background<br />As an island nation, one of the few countries successfully invaded from outside<br />Japan has been able to preserve its cultural traditions<br />Commodore Perry helps formulate a trade agreement with Japan in 1854<br />Ukiyo-e prints are sold to European markets<br />Not valued by upper classes in Japan<br />
    5. 5. Historic Periods in Japanese Art<br />
    6. 6. Patronage<br />Japanese artists worked on commission<br />Some for royal court, some for religious patrons<br />Masters ran workshops with assistants<br />Usually family run business, inherited<br />Master created the key components, assistants tended to the details<br />Painting esteemed art form<br />Both genders learned to paint<br />
    7. 7. Japanese culture<br />Chapters 11 and 25: Japanese Art<br />
    8. 8. Zen Buddhism<br />Zen is a school of Buddhist thought<br />Rejects worldliness, material possessions and vanity<br />Focuses on self-control, courage, and loyalty<br />Meditation is key for enlightenment<br />Intuition and introspection not books<br />Samurai exemplify Zen teachings<br />
    9. 9. Shinto<br />“The Way of the Gods”<br />The Kojiki contains the myth of creation of the Japanese islands<br />Paradise created by the Gods<br />Animism – everything contains kami<br />Impurity arises from lack of awareness (of kami)<br />
    10. 10. Buddhism and Shinto<br />Syncretic in nature<br />Shinto usually for “life” rituals<br />Buddhism for “death” rituals<br />Birth rites use Shinto ritual<br />Funeral arrangements typically refer to Buddhist tradition<br />
    11. 11. Japanese Tea Ceremony<br />Minimalist details disguise careful social ritual<br />Ceremony built around 4 main principles<br />Purity<br />Harmony<br />Respect <br />Tranquility<br />Designed around a small space for about 5 people, featuring simple yet elegant décor<br />Ritual example <br />
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    14. 14. Japanese Architecture<br />Chapters 11 and 25: Japanese Art<br />
    15. 15. Characteristics of Japanese Architecture<br />Influence of Zen philosophy calls for simple elegance<br />Usually single story, made of wood, and should harmonize with nature<br />Wood is appreciated naturally<br />Floors are raised above ground to reduce humidity<br />Eaves are long to create shadows for summer<br />Steep roofs to allow quick rain and snow runoff<br />
    16. 16. Characteristics of Japanese Architecture<br />Interior spaces are highly mobile, using sliding screens to divide rooms<br />Zen gardens feature sand raked meticulously around stones and plants<br />For spiritual nourishment<br />
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    22. 22. Japanese Sculpture<br />Chapters 11 and 25: Japanese Art<br />
    23. 23. Characteristics of Sculpture<br />Ranges from abstract (haniwa figures) to verism(samurais, priests)<br />Masks are highly prized, those used in religious rituals called Noh plays<br />Noh masks are small wooden masks that reveal emotion of character to crowd<br />
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    32. 32. Japanese Painting and Printmaking<br />Chapters 11 and 25: Japanese Art<br />
    33. 33. Characteristics of Painting/Printmaking<br />Genre painting dominated by ukiyo-e “pictures of the floating world”<br />“floating” = Buddhist transient nature of life<br />Popular scenes of everyday pleasures<br />Flourished between 1650s to 1850s<br />Disdained by upper classes<br />
    34. 34. Characteristics of Painting/Printmaking<br />Printmaking required a publisher and an artist<br />Publisher determined what was to be created<br />Artist created it via woodblock carving<br />Initially black and white, color came into printmaking in 18th century<br />Colors applied one at a time, very popular but time consuming<br />
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    40. 40. Summary<br />With great stability comes a long artistic and cultural tradition<br />Japanese architecture harmonizes with nature and uses its materials naturally, organically<br />Shaped by Shinto and Zen Buddhism<br />Scrolls were used, like in China, but Japan develops ukiyo-e prints<br />

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