Aesthetic FunctionAsian landscape paintings are madeon rice paper. During ceremonial teaparties, the family members sit in aroom surrounded by paintingsunrolled and hung on the walls, as ifthey are sipping tea amidst thegrandeur of nature. After the teaparty, the paintings are rolled andstored in rosewood cabinet.
PrintmakingPrintmaking is an old Chinese art andhas been in practice ever since theydiscovered the process of papermaking in 200 B.C. This technologywas transferred to Japan and lateron, to other countries in the West.
Woodblock printingWoodblock printing is the process ofmaking prints by carving images inblocks of wood, inking the surface ofthese blocks, and printing the imageon paper. This process was madepopular in Japan in the 16th centuryB.C.
Woodblock printingIn Japan, Hokusai (1760-1849) wasthe best known Japanese woodblockprintmaker under the Tokugawaregime. His style became popular inthe West. His woodblock print, TheGreat Wave of Kanagawa, becamethe best known print outside Japan.The freshness, color, and simplelines of Hokusai’s work appealedstrongly to Europeans.