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for Ms. Fuentes class

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  1. 1. Art of Japan Elegance, wit, asymmetry
  2. 2. <ul><li>Japan had periods of isolation and periods of trade with Korea and China. </li></ul><ul><li>Various forms of Buddhism became very popular in Japan, especially Zen Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese were influenced by Chinese ink scroll paintings </li></ul><ul><li>One of the best preserved continuous artistic traditions in the world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Buddhism came to Japan during early 6th century BCE, from Korea & China (Asuka Period). Originally Buddhism was Mahayana form, w/ many buddhas and bodhisattivas. Adopted as state religion, yet existed side by side with Shinto, a nature based religion.
  4. 4. This ink painting from the early 14th century illustrates a Zen Buddhist monk sewing. Monk Sewing , Kao Ninga Zen monks lived in monasteries, not wandering around preaching … they took ordinary live activities, such as sewing or working in a garden, as a form of meditation. This cultural philosophy still exists today in Japan. Innovative wood sculpture by Kosho shows practice of Pure Land Buddhist chanting. Monks traveled around Kuya Preaching, Kosho, 1207 Sculpture shows Pure Land monk traveling around chanting.. Tiny Buddhas coming out his mouth to represent the 6 syllables of the chang Na-mu-AmidaBudu
  5. 5. Phoenix Hall , Kyoto prefecture, Temple dedicated to phoenix and Amida Buddhism. Heia period, 1053 CE, example of Pure Land Buddhist temple. Pure Land Buddhism came to pominence.. New form, you can reach paradise through faith alone. Chinese influence in roofs and stone base. Water is part of design.
  6. 6. Himeii Castle, Momovama Period, 1601.. Portuguese explorers arrived in Japan w/new weapons. Fortified castles became norm to defend against cannons, etc. The Momovma Period Warriors, graceful design & SHOIN architecture
  7. 7. Kano Fusuma , ink and gold on folding screens, Momovama period, 1563-73 Kano school of decorative murals in temples and castles.. Pine = life, plum = sprint
  8. 8. Edo Period-FOCUS <ul><li>Tokugawa Ieyasu became Shogun </li></ul><ul><li>Period of peace and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Artwork, wood block prints, still beloved today </li></ul><ul><li>4 classes: samurai, farmers, artisans, merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread literacy - arts flourished </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hokusai was influenced by Western painting, studied Dutch landscapes Did daily scenes and 36 views of Mt. Fuji Credited with being first “manga’ (sketch) artist.. Influenced later generations of manga & anime designers Hokusai and Manga Link between anime & shinto religion, ukiyo-e prints Hokusai - Influential Japanese Painter & Printmaker in Edo Period
  10. 10. The Great Wave , Katsushika Hokusai, woodblock print on paper, Edo period, 1831, 10” x 14” approx. Part of Mt. Fuji series; not considered art in Japan as widely produced; very popular in the West. Influenced Western art such as Impressionism. Personification of nature, 1st tiem landscape became major theme in prints flashcard
  11. 11. Sudden View on a Clear day , Katsushika Hokusai, woodblock print on paper, Edo period, Part of Mt. Fuji series; - 36 views of Mt. fFuji.. He studied Dutch landscapes flashcard
  12. 12. Geisha as Daruma Crossing the Sea Suzuki Harunobu One of 1st uki-o-ye wood block prints using colors, simplified lines, and showing GENRE theme Edo period mid 18th century Harunobu showed refined views of women in daily pursuits, small feet and hands, delicate drapery, and diagonal compositions UKI-YO-E means “floating World” flashcard
  13. 14. The Eight Fold Bridge, Ogata Kensan, Edo period. Combines painting, poetry, and calligraphy. Illustrates bridge from 10th century Tales of Ise, about a courtier who writes a poem with the 5 syllables meaning ‘Iris” because he missed Kyoto What other culture combined painting, poetry and calligraphy?
  14. 15. Asakura Jo (Old Man) Carved wooden maks, Edo period Noh masks such as this one are highly acclaimed in Japan. Used in drama and religious rituals, delicately carved wooden masks that reveal the emotions of a character NOH IS A TYPE OF DRAMA MASKS FOR MEN SHOW MORE EXPRESSIONS, WOMEN’S MORE BEAUTY Flashcard- what a No mask is
  15. 16. <ul><li>Daruma , Ink paintings from Edo period, by Hakuin Ekkaku </li></ul><ul><li>Portrays legendary Indian founder of Zen Buddhism Darma askBodhittarma. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced from China in 12th century,Zen powerful force in Japanese literary and pictorial arts. </li></ul><ul><li>Hakuin was a Zen monk, took up painting as a spiritual exercise and for Buddhist teachings. </li></ul><ul><li>Reductive, simple style with convincing evocation of the intensity of Daruma’s meditations </li></ul><ul><li>flashcard </li></ul>Dharma , by Ekkaku Bodhidharma Ink Paintings of Founder of Zen Buddhism, by Ekkaku of Edo Period
  16. 17. Lacquer Writing boxes are still popular today.. These 2 are from Edo period Read about these in your book or take notes in class presentations
  17. 18. Tea Ceremonies are still an important part of Japanese culture Simple, minimalist ritual Enter through a low doorway to symbolize humility Private setting,.. Floor mats of woven straw, simplicity & delicacy Sit on floor in small pace Purity, harmony, respect, and tranquility Purification ritual of handwashing (Shinto connection) Handmade tea vessels very important
  18. 19. Rock Garden , Kyota, Muromachi period c. 1480. Much admired for simplicity. Rocks sometimes thought to be islands, animals, etc. Shows influence of Zen. Sands raked in designs. Nowater, but rocks and sand suggest water. Contemplation, reflection, rejuvenation key in Japanese philosophy. Shintoism - wood & stone. FLASHCARD KNOW ABOUT ROCK GARDENS
  19. 20. Before the Edo period, in the Muromachi period, we see hanging scrolls with ink and colors. What influences do we see here? What does the empty space represent in Bunsei’s landscapet? Bunsei , Landscape , mid 15th-Centure (on left)