Characteristics It shows culture and history of the country where it is from. It focuses more on the natural and spiritual. There are 2 countries highlighted in this era: China and India
Characteristics Forms of art have been influenced by great philosophers, teachers, religious figures and even political leaders. Divided into periods by the ruling dynasties.
Chinese Art Early forms of art in China were made from pottery and jade in the Neolithic periodceramics were unpainted and most often cord-marked . Banpo (1953) discovered at the Yellow River Valley
The Bronze Age in China began with the Xia Dynasty. Shang Dynasty has more elaborate objects, includingmany ritual vessels that were crafted. The most common motif in the Zhou Dynasty isthe taotie, which shows a mythological being presentedfrontally as though squashed onto a horizontal plane toform a symmetrical design.
Bronze jue Ding from late(wine vessel) Zhou Dynasty
In early imperial China, porcelain was introduced and was refined to the point that in English the word china has become synonymous with high-quality porcelain. Around the 1st century AD, Buddhism arrived in China, though it did not become popular until the 4th century.
Qin Dynasty The Terracotta Army, inside the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, consists of more than 7,000 life-size tomb terra-cotta figures of warriors and horses buried with the self-proclaimed first Emperor of Qin in 210–209 BC. The terracotta army belongs to Emperor Qin Shi Huang and they are there to guard his burial site as well as protecting the entry to the afterlife. He was the dynasty Emperor who managed to unify China so that it became a central state and it was also because of him that the foundations of the great wall were laid down.
•The Han Dynasty was known for jade burial suits.A Han Dynasty Jade burial suit at the National Museum of China, Beijing
Buddhist architecture and sculpture thrived in the Sui and Tang dynasty. Of which, the Tang Dynasty was particularly open to foreign influence. Buddhist sculpture returned to a classical form, inspired by Indian art of the Gupta period. Towards the late Tang dynasty, all foreign religions were outlawed to support Taoism.
Paintings in traditional style involved the same techniques as calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink. In the Tang Dynasty , the primary subject matter of paintings was the landscapes known as shanshui (mountain water) painting. These landscapes are usually monochromatic and sparse. Its purpose is to grasp an emotion or atmosphere so as to catch the rhythm of nature.
In the Song Dynasty, poetry was marked by a lyric poetry known as Ci ( ) which expressed feelings of desire, often in an adopted persona. Also in the Song dynasty, paintings of more subtle expression of landscapes appeared, with blurred outlines and mountain contours which conveyed distance through an impressionistic treatment of natural phenomena. It was during this period that in painting, emphasis was placed on spiritual rather than emotional elements, as in the previous period.
•Under the Ming dynasty, Chinese culturebloomed.•Narrative painting, with a wider color rangeand a much busier composition than theSong paintings, was immensely popularduring the time.•European culture began to make an impacton Chinese art during this period.
Chinese folk art Literature Visual Art Chinese music Performing arts Architecture
Indian art can be classified into specific periods each reflecting particular religious, political and cultural developments. To viewers schooled in the Western tradition, Indian art may seem overly ornate and sensuous
Indian Sculpture Bronze and stones were commonly used. During the 2nd to 1st century BCE in far northern India, sculptures became more explicit, representing episodes of the Buddha’s life and teachings.
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the worlds heritage".
Classical Indian architecture, sculpture, painting, literature (kaavya), music and dancing evolved their own rules conditioned by their respective media, but they shared with one another not only the underlying beliefs but also the procedures by which the relationship of the symbols and the spiritual states were worked out in detail.