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A HISTORY OF ORIENTAL 
& EASTERN ART 
www.mallams.co.uk
INTRODUCTIO 
N 
● Oriental Ar t is a major branch of Ar t 
Classification. 
● Pieces commonly include: 
o Painting 
o Call...
CHINESE ART 
● Originated as early “stone ar t” 
in around 10,000 BC - 
comprising mainly Pottery and 
Sculpture. 
● Early...
CHINESE ART 
● Ear ly ar twork was used to depict people and 
landscapes. 
● They were commonly found as decorat ions 
for...
CHINESE ART 
● More colour ful ar t was produced dur ing 
late imper ial China between 1368 AD to 
1911 AD 
● Qing Dynasty...
CHINESE SCULPTURE 
● Originates from the First Dynasty in 
2,100 BC. 
● Among the most renowned, best 
preserved and large...
CHINESE SCULPTURE 
● This star ted an era of miniature 
figures being sculpted to 
accompany dead people in their 
tombs. ...
CHINESE POTTERY 
● Pottery dates back Palaeolithic 
era - pre-dating Dynasties 
● Star ted being made on an 
industrial sc...
JAPANESE ART 
● Simi larly to Chinese Ar t, Japanese Ar t 
dates back to around 10,000 BC. 
● Captures a wide variety of s...
JAPANESE ART 
● Painting is a traditional Japanese 
ar t form, originating from stick 
figures to i l lustrate si lk, pott...
JAPANESE ART 
● The rise of Buddhism in the East in 
the 7th and 8th centuries taught 
Japan enhanced bronze-casting 
meth...
JAPANESE ART 
● Picture scrol ls grew in popularity 
af ter 1130 BC. 
● These were pictorial stories 
i l lustrating men a...
JAPANESE ART 
● The Muromachi per iod between 1338 and 
1573 saw ar t become more el i t ist and 
ar istocrat ic. 
● Conse...
JAPANESE ART 
● Western culture and ar tistic values had 
imprinted on Japanese culture by the 
star t of the 20th century...
KOREAN ART 
● 676 AD saw Korea become completely 
independent of China and led to a 
boom in Korean Ar t. 
● Despite this,...
KOREAN ART 
● Some of the best Buddhist ar t is 
understood to have been produced 
between 676 and 935 AD dur ing the 
Uni...
KOREAN ART 
● Paint ing styles in this era included 
landscapes wi th nostalgic places and 
mountain scenes wi th clouds a...
KOREAN ART 
Korean monochrome paintings grew in 
popularity in the 1970s and 1980s 
which challenged pre-conceived ideas 
...
THE MODERN EAST ASIAN ART 
MARKET 
● Chinese Ar t is one of the biggest sel lers 
on the international scene. 
● Paintings...
MALLAMS AUCTIONEERS 
For more information about upcoming Oriental & 
Eastern Ar t Sales take a look at our calendar. 
You ...
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A History of Oriental & Eastern Art

Mallams Auctioneers look at the history of oriental and eastern artwork.

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A History of Oriental & Eastern Art

  1. 1. A HISTORY OF ORIENTAL & EASTERN ART www.mallams.co.uk
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIO N ● Oriental Ar t is a major branch of Ar t Classification. ● Pieces commonly include: o Painting o Calligraphy o Graphic Art o Sculpture o Pottery ● The Origins of Oriental Ar t include Rel igion, Pol itics, Phi losophy, Culture and Technology. www.Mallams.co.uk
  3. 3. CHINESE ART ● Originated as early “stone ar t” in around 10,000 BC - comprising mainly Pottery and Sculpture. ● Early works were based on Chinese settlers’ Religious and Supernatural beliefs. www.Mallams.co.uk
  4. 4. CHINESE ART ● Ear ly ar twork was used to depict people and landscapes. ● They were commonly found as decorat ions for human bur ial si tes. ● Landscapes par t icularly rose to prominence dur ing the Five Dynast ies between 907 AD and 1127 AD. ● To create minimal ist brush st rokes a thin brush was used and dipped in coloured ink. www.Mallams.co.uk
  5. 5. CHINESE ART ● More colour ful ar t was produced dur ing late imper ial China between 1368 AD to 1911 AD ● Qing Dynasty saw r ise of Or thodox school wi th older styles of thin brush cal l igraphy and Individual ist painters wi th a more revolut ionar y approach. ● Communist Revolut ion of 1949 created new era of Chinese Ar t ● Modern Chinese ar t includes new forms of expression such as photography and video www.Mallams.co.uk
  6. 6. CHINESE SCULPTURE ● Originates from the First Dynasty in 2,100 BC. ● Among the most renowned, best preserved and largest examples of these is the Terracotta Army; a col lection of figurines bui lt for Emperor Qin Shi Huang and buried with him. ● They represented protection for him in the af terlife. www.Mallams.co.uk
  7. 7. CHINESE SCULPTURE ● This star ted an era of miniature figures being sculpted to accompany dead people in their tombs. ● This classically dates back to the Tang Dynasty between 618 AD and 907 AD. www.Mallams.co.uk
  8. 8. CHINESE POTTERY ● Pottery dates back Palaeolithic era - pre-dating Dynasties ● Star ted being made on an industrial scale when popularity of and ease of construction increased ● Rulers requested Pottery to be used as Gif ts and Trade www.Mallams.co.uk
  9. 9. JAPANESE ART ● Simi larly to Chinese Ar t, Japanese Ar t dates back to around 10,000 BC. ● Captures a wide variety of styles such as ink painting, pottery and sculpture. ● Japan has taken many foreign influences to create its existing culture and ideals. www.Mallams.co.uk
  10. 10. JAPANESE ART ● Painting is a traditional Japanese ar t form, originating from stick figures to i l lustrate si lk, pottery and paper. ● J a p an’ s fi r s t c i v i l izat io n mo u l d ed and painted pottery and clay figures. ● Later settlers in around 350 BC brought knowledge and Bronze Manufacturing and Decoration. www.Mallams.co.uk
  11. 11. JAPANESE ART ● The rise of Buddhism in the East in the 7th and 8th centuries taught Japan enhanced bronze-casting methods ● Sculptures of Buddha were popular around this time but phased out because of opposition from Buddhist temples and Japanese nobi l ity www.Mallams.co.uk
  12. 12. JAPANESE ART ● Picture scrol ls grew in popularity af ter 1130 BC. ● These were pictorial stories i l lustrating men and women. ● Kamakura was also a popular period of Japanese ar t with sculpture, cal l igraphy and painting between 1180 and 1333 AD. www.Mallams.co.uk
  13. 13. JAPANESE ART ● The Muromachi per iod between 1338 and 1573 saw ar t become more el i t ist and ar istocrat ic. ● Conservat ive colours were used - black and whi te - and single colours were common. ● Secular ar t began to dominate when China and Japan star ted to dr i f t apar t . ● Af ter 1477 Japan lost interest in sculpture which resul ted in rel igion playing a less signi f icant role. www.Mallams.co.uk
  14. 14. JAPANESE ART ● Western culture and ar tistic values had imprinted on Japanese culture by the star t of the 20th century. ● A dichotomy was created between these new western styles and a desire to rever t back to traditional conservative ar t forms. ● Japanese Anime was born af ter World War I I alongside American comic books and car toons www.Mallams.co.uk
  15. 15. KOREAN ART ● 676 AD saw Korea become completely independent of China and led to a boom in Korean Ar t. ● Despite this, ar t of Korea has been heavily influenced by Chinese Ar t and vice versa; strengthening and widening respective ar tistic styles. ● Buddhism played a key role in ar tistic themes. www.Mallams.co.uk
  16. 16. KOREAN ART ● Some of the best Buddhist ar t is understood to have been produced between 676 and 935 AD dur ing the Uni fied Si l la per iod. ● The Joseon Dynasty in 1392 began a cul tural renaissance in Korea - introducing Neo-Confucianism which featured secular ar t and cul ture. ● The 15th and 16th centur ies saw classical ar t reint roduced. www.Mallams.co.uk
  17. 17. KOREAN ART ● Paint ing styles in this era included landscapes wi th nostalgic places and mountain scenes wi th clouds and t rees. ● Ink was used commonly to highl ight the cont rast between l ight and dark; as wel l as ceramics, stoneware and porcelain. ● Paint ing was the most popular ar t form in the 20th centur y - par t icularly abst ract paint ing f rom the 1930s onwards www.Mallams.co.uk
  18. 18. KOREAN ART Korean monochrome paintings grew in popularity in the 1970s and 1980s which challenged pre-conceived ideas about ink and oil painting. www.Mallams.co.uk
  19. 19. THE MODERN EAST ASIAN ART MARKET ● Chinese Ar t is one of the biggest sel lers on the international scene. ● Paintings, Pottery and Sculptures fetch high prices among col lectors, with Chinese buyers increasing in number. ● This means that more East Asian Ar t is being sold at auction to private buyers; reflecting the rise of middle-class Asia and a desire to be more l ike the West. www.Mallams.co.uk
  20. 20. MALLAMS AUCTIONEERS For more information about upcoming Oriental & Eastern Ar t Sales take a look at our calendar. You can also contact us onl ine or cal l us: o Oxford - 01865 241358 o Abingdon - 01235 462840 o Cheltenham - 01242 235712 www.Mallams.co.uk

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