Chapters 10 and 24 Chinese and Korean Art


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  • Temple of Heaven (pagoda)15th CenturyMing DynastyBeijing, China
  • Forbidden City15th CenturyMing DynastyBeijing, ChinaLargest Chinese architectural ensemble in existence. 9000 rooms. Walls are 30 feet high to keep people out, follows typical courtyard residence style for Chinese architecture. Named so only royal court could enter. Each corner of the complex has a tower resembling four corners of the world. Hall of Supreme Harmony is throne room and seat of power. Is constructed of wood and painted, to preserve and decorate; used for grand ceremony.
  • Bi with dragons and grain pattern4th-3rd Century BCZhou DynastyDragons are symbols of good luck and vitality. Bi pieces are somewhat mysterious, not sure what they symbolize, but seem to symbolize heaven. Usually made of jade, which is highly prized by early Chinese cultures.
  • Chapters 10 and 24 Chinese and Korean Art

    1. 1. Chapters 10 and 24: Chinese and Korean Art<br />AP Art History<br />Magister Ricard<br />
    2. 2. Key Concepts<br />Confucian philosophy is very important, permeates Chinese culture and thought<br />Calligraphy is a highly respected art form<br />Painting formats use scrolls, hanging scrolls, fans, and album leaves<br />Architecture is based on courtyard style, stresses family and social status<br />
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    4. 4. Historical Background<br />Chinese culture and history is as diverse and expansive as European culture and history<br />Typically divided into dynasties<br />Culture spans about 8,000 years uninterrupted<br />Origins found in Neolithic culture<br />
    5. 5. Historical Background<br />China was united during the Qin dynasty<br />Shihuangdi, emperor, 3rd century BC<br />Standardized written Chinese, weights and measures, currency<br />Started Great Wall<br />Meritocracy, not based on familial ties<br />
    6. 6. Historical Background<br />Han dynasty formed (206 BC – 220 AD)<br />Chinese enjoy peaceful, prosperous time<br />Borders extended<br />Silk Road founded and Central Asian lands acquired<br />Links trade from China to Rome<br />
    7. 7. Dynasties of China to 1279 AD<br />
    8. 8. Chinese Dynasties After 1279<br />
    9. 9. Patronage<br />Calligraphy is the main form of artistic expression in China<br />Public officials had to demonstrate mastery of it along with painting and poetry<br />Pictographic – words represent ideas<br />Typical commissions by religious or state interests<br />Some artists painted for themselves, free of what others may think<br />
    10. 10. Philosophy<br />Chapter 10 and 24<br />
    11. 11. Daoism and Confucianism<br />Dao/Tao means “the Way”<br />Begun by Laozi (604-531 BC)<br />Creating harmony between human life and the Universe<br />Dao cannot be named, only described<br />Wu wei – strive for non-striving<br />Be like water<br />Emphasizes intuition<br />
    12. 12. Daoism and Confucianism<br />Confucianism<br />Begun by Confucius (551-479 BC)<br />Ideal attributes are loyalty, morality, generosity, humanity<br />Political philosophy, stresses interactions, social standing and respect for authority<br />Emphasizes duty, self-discipline, deference<br />Attainment of equity<br />
    13. 13. Daoism and Confucianism<br />
    14. 14. Chinese Architecture<br />Chapter 10 and 24<br />
    15. 15. Basics of Chinese Architecture<br />The pagoda: one design that repeats itself getting smaller as it ascends<br />Courtyard style residence: structure on north side, courtyard to south, kept outside world out, multi-generational<br />Used mostly wooden materials, painted<br />Roofs were tiled, turned upwards to allow light in, rain out<br />Walls for protection from weather, not structurally important<br />
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    22. 22. Chinese Painting and Art<br />Chapter 10 and 24<br />
    23. 23. Basics of Chinese Art<br />Handscroll – horizontal and can be unrolled<br />Hanging scroll – vertical and meant to be hung<br />Scrolls were not allowed to be permanent in the home<br />Silks are preferred for painters<br />Text mixed with paintings; red markings are seals identifying the artist or owner<br />
    24. 24. Basics of Chinese Art<br />It is acceptable to write about the art<br />Commentaries are written on final panel, colophon<br />Landscape painting is meant not to reflect Nature, but to illustrate principles of Daoism<br />Yin and Yang<br />Porcelain is another important medium for Chinese art<br />
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    26. 26. Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi<br />Shaanxi Province, China<br />210 B.C.E.painted terracotta<br />
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    34. 34. Confucianism and Art<br />“I merely transmit, I do not create. I love and revere the ancients.”<br />Artists followed Confucius’ notion<br />Artists copied a master to learn and show the achievements of the past<br />Declared artistic allegiance to a school or style<br />Was not regarded as plagiarism, seen as honorable<br />
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    41. 41. Korean Art<br />Chapter 10 and 24<br />
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    44. 44. Chinese and Korean Art After 1279<br />Chapter 10 and 24<br />