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Gardner’s Art Through the Ages,                           12e                           Chapter 8        Shrines, Statues,...
Early Japan              2
Key Ideas• The Japanese have one of the best preserved continuous  artistic tradition in the world.• Zen Buddhist thought ...
Historical Background• Little foreign interference in culture allowed Japan to  keep more traditional artistic practices (...
Japanese Architecture• Simplicity reflects Zen philosophy• Single story, made of wood, blends w/ natural  environment• Ope...
Japanese Painting & Printmaking• Genre painting – ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”)  depict transient life pleasu...
Figure 8-1 Vessel, from Miyanomae,Nagano Prefecture, Japan, Middle Jomonperiod, 2500–1500 BCE. Earthenware, 1’11 2/3 “ x 1...
Figure 8-2 Dotaku (bell) with incised figuralmotifs, from Kagawa Prefecture, Japan, LateYayoi period, 100–300. Bronze, 1’ ...
Figure 8-3 Tomb of Emperor Nintoku. Sakai, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, Kofun period, Late fourth to early fifth century.     ...
Figure 8-4 Haniwa (cylindrical) warrior figure, from GunmaPrefecture, Japan, late Kofun period, fifth to mid-sixth century...
Shinto ArchitectureFigure 8-6 Horyuji kondo (Golden Hall), Nara, Japan, Early Nara (Hakuho) period, ca. 680.   11
Figure 8-7 TORI BUSSHI, Shaka triad, Horyujikondo, Nara, Japan, Asuka period, 623. Bronze, 5’9 1/2” high.                 ...
Architecture in Buddhist JapanFigure 8-10 Daibutsuden, Todaiji, Japan, Nara period, eighth century, rebuilt, ca. 1700.    ...
Figure 8-12 Phoenix Hall, Byodoin, Uji, Japan, Heian period, 1053.                                                        ...
Japanese Court ArtFigure 8-13 Scene from Minori chapter, Tale of Genji, late Heian period, first half of twelfth century. ...
Art of the  Kamakura PeriodFigure 8-15 Detail of the priest Shunjobo Chogen,Todaiji, Nara, Japan, Kamakura period, early t...
Figure 8-16 Detail of The Burning of the Sanjo Palace, Kamakura period, thirteenth century. Handscroll, ink and colors onp...
Figure 27-1 Dry cascade and pools, upper garden, Saihoji temple, Kyoto, Japan, modified in Muromachi period, 14thcentury. ...
Muromachi Painting          StylesFigure 27-2 TOYO SESSHU, broken-ink landscape, Japan,Muromachi period, 1495. Hanging scr...
Figure 27-3 KANO MOTONOBU, ZenPatriarch Xiangyen Zhixian Sweeping with aBroom, Japan, Muromachi period, ca. 1513.Hanging s...
Momoyama PaintingFigure 27-4 KANO EITOKU, Chinese Lions, Japan, Momoyama period, late 16th century. Six-panel screen, colo...
Figure 27-5 HASEGAWA TOHAKU, Pine Forest, Japan, Momoyama period, late sixteenth century. Oneof a pair of six-panel screen...
Rimpa Painting and CraftsFigure 27-9 HONAMI KOETSU, Boat Bridge, writing box, Japan, Edo period, early seventeenth century...
The art of Ukiyo-e      PrintsFigure 27-11 SUZUKI HARUNOBU,Evening Bell at the Clock, from Eight Views ofthe Parlor series...
Figure 27-12 KATSUSHIKA HOKUSAI, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji series,Japan, Edo period...
Figure 27-15 TANGE KENZO, national indoor Olympic stadiums, Tokyo, Japan, Showa period, 1961–1964.                        ...
Figure 27-17 TSUCHIYA KIMIO,Symptom, 1987. Branches, 13 1 1/2" x14 9 1/8" x 3 11 1/4". Installation view,Jeune Sculpture 8...
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Japan

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Japan

  1. 1. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 12e Chapter 8 Shrines, Statues, and Scrolls: The Art of Early Japan Chapter 27 From the Shoguns to the Present: The Art of Later Japan 1
  2. 2. Early Japan 2
  3. 3. Key Ideas• The Japanese have one of the best preserved continuous artistic tradition in the world.• Zen Buddhist thought dominates much Japanese artistic production.• The tea ceremony is a unique feature of Japanese culture.• Ukiyo-e prints were originally sold as a middle-class art form in Japan, but became a rage among the avant-garde in Europe. 3
  4. 4. Historical Background• Little foreign interference in culture allowed Japan to keep more traditional artistic practices (1854)• Exported ukiyo-e prints to Europe, influencing art there• Work on commission from court or religion• Workshop/apprentice structure• Painting is highly esteemed as hobby of aristocrats. 4
  5. 5. Japanese Architecture• Simplicity reflects Zen philosophy• Single story, made of wood, blends w/ natural environment• Open interior w/ sliding screens for mobile rooms• Raised floors• Zen garden – raked sand, stones/plants, no water – spiritual refreshment, contemplation• Shintoism – sacredness of nature spirits 5
  6. 6. Japanese Painting & Printmaking• Genre painting – ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”) depict transient life pleasures & scenes• Woodblock prints, scrolls, painted screens• Popular w/ middle class (1658-1858)• Publisher dictated subject & style, employed carver & printer• Black & white, then polychrome• Flat areas of color, unmodulated tones, lack of shadows, odd compositional angles, cropped forms Japanese Sculpture• Abstract (haniwa) to realistic (portraits)• Masks for ceremonies, religious rituals, drama (Noh plays) 6
  7. 7. Figure 8-1 Vessel, from Miyanomae,Nagano Prefecture, Japan, Middle Jomonperiod, 2500–1500 BCE. Earthenware, 1’11 2/3 “ x 1’ 1 1/4”. Tokyo NationalMuseum, Tokyo. 7
  8. 8. Figure 8-2 Dotaku (bell) with incised figuralmotifs, from Kagawa Prefecture, Japan, LateYayoi period, 100–300. Bronze, 1’ 4 7/8” high.Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo. 8
  9. 9. Figure 8-3 Tomb of Emperor Nintoku. Sakai, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, Kofun period, Late fourth to early fifth century. 9
  10. 10. Figure 8-4 Haniwa (cylindrical) warrior figure, from GunmaPrefecture, Japan, late Kofun period, fifth to mid-sixth century.Low-fired clay, 4’ 1 1/4” high. Aikawa Archaeological Museum,Aikawa. 10
  11. 11. Shinto ArchitectureFigure 8-6 Horyuji kondo (Golden Hall), Nara, Japan, Early Nara (Hakuho) period, ca. 680. 11
  12. 12. Figure 8-7 TORI BUSSHI, Shaka triad, Horyujikondo, Nara, Japan, Asuka period, 623. Bronze, 5’9 1/2” high. 12
  13. 13. Architecture in Buddhist JapanFigure 8-10 Daibutsuden, Todaiji, Japan, Nara period, eighth century, rebuilt, ca. 1700. 13
  14. 14. Figure 8-12 Phoenix Hall, Byodoin, Uji, Japan, Heian period, 1053. 14
  15. 15. Japanese Court ArtFigure 8-13 Scene from Minori chapter, Tale of Genji, late Heian period, first half of twelfth century. Handscroll, ink and coloron paper, 8 5/8” high. Goto Art Museum, Tokyo. 15
  16. 16. Art of the Kamakura PeriodFigure 8-15 Detail of the priest Shunjobo Chogen,Todaiji, Nara, Japan, Kamakura period, early thirteenthcentury. Painted cypress wood, 2’ 8 3/8” high. 16
  17. 17. Figure 8-16 Detail of The Burning of the Sanjo Palace, Kamakura period, thirteenth century. Handscroll, ink and colors onpaper, 1’ 4 1/4” high; complete scroll, 22’ 10” long. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Fenollosa-Weld Collection). 17
  18. 18. Figure 27-1 Dry cascade and pools, upper garden, Saihoji temple, Kyoto, Japan, modified in Muromachi period, 14thcentury. 18
  19. 19. Muromachi Painting StylesFigure 27-2 TOYO SESSHU, broken-ink landscape, Japan,Muromachi period, 1495. Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 4’ 10 1/4” x1’ 7/8”. Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo. 19
  20. 20. Figure 27-3 KANO MOTONOBU, ZenPatriarch Xiangyen Zhixian Sweeping with aBroom, Japan, Muromachi period, ca. 1513.Hanging scroll, ink and color on paper, 5’ 73/8” x 2’ 10 3/4”. Tokyo National Museum,Tokyo. 20
  21. 21. Momoyama PaintingFigure 27-4 KANO EITOKU, Chinese Lions, Japan, Momoyama period, late 16th century. Six-panel screen, color, ink,and gold-leaf on paper, 7’ 4” x 14’ 10”. Imperial Household Agency, Tokyo. 21
  22. 22. Figure 27-5 HASEGAWA TOHAKU, Pine Forest, Japan, Momoyama period, late sixteenth century. Oneof a pair of six-panel screens, ink on paper, 5’ 1 3/8” x 11’ 4”. Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo. 22
  23. 23. Rimpa Painting and CraftsFigure 27-9 HONAMI KOETSU, Boat Bridge, writing box, Japan, Edo period, early seventeenth century. Lacqueredwood with sprinkled gold and inlay, 9 1/2” x 4 5/8”. Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo. 23
  24. 24. The art of Ukiyo-e PrintsFigure 27-11 SUZUKI HARUNOBU,Evening Bell at the Clock, from Eight Views ofthe Parlor series, Japan, Edo period, ca. 1765.Woodblock print, 11 1/4” x 8 1/2”. ArtInstitute of Chicago, Chicago (ClarenceBuckingham Collection). 24
  25. 25. Figure 27-12 KATSUSHIKA HOKUSAI, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji series,Japan, Edo period, ca. 1826–1833. Woodblock print oban, ink and colors on paper, 9 7/8” x 1’ 2 3/4”. Museum of FineArts, Boston (Spaulding Collection). 25
  26. 26. Figure 27-15 TANGE KENZO, national indoor Olympic stadiums, Tokyo, Japan, Showa period, 1961–1964. 26
  27. 27. Figure 27-17 TSUCHIYA KIMIO,Symptom, 1987. Branches, 13 1 1/2" x14 9 1/8" x 3 11 1/4". Installation view,Jeune Sculpture 87, Paris 1987. 27

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