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Classification of articulations

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Introduction to the structural and functional classification of joints.

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Classification of articulations

  1. 1. Classification of Articulations<br />By Sadie Gordon & Bob<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Classification of joints<br />Functionally<br />Fibrous<br />Dense Regular Connective Tissue<br />Cartilaginous<br />Cartilage<br />Synovial<br />Fluid Filled Joint Cavity<br />Structurally<br />Synarthrosis<br />Immobile<br />Amphiarthrosis<br />Slightly Movable Joint<br />Diarthrosis<br />Freely Mobile Joint<br />
  4. 4. Functional Classification <br />Synarthrosis<br />An Immobile Joint<br />Amphiarthrosis<br />Slightly Mobile Joint<br />Diarthrosis<br />Freely Mobile Joint<br />
  5. 5. Structural Classification<br />Fibrous<br />Dense irregular connective tissue that holds bone to bones<br />No joint cavity<br />Cartilaginous<br />Pad of cartilage wedged between bones<br />No Joint cavity<br />Synovial<br />Ends of bones are covered with cartilage<br />Joint capsule is lined with synovial fluid<br />All synovial joints are freely moveable (diarthrotic)<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Fibrous Joints<br />Gomphosis<br />Suture<br />Syndesmosis<br />
  8. 8. Gomphosis<br /><ul><li>Membranes that holds tooth in the Jaw
  9. 9. Example tooth in the Jaw</li></ul>Functionally classified as Synarthrosis (immobile)<br />
  10. 10. Suture<br /><ul><li>Dense regular connective tissue that connects skull bones
  11. 11. Example: Lambdoid Suture
  12. 12. Functionally Classified as Synarthrosis</li></li></ul><li>Syndesmosis<br /><ul><li>Dense regular connective tissue fibers between bones</li></ul>Examples: Syndesmosesare the articulations between the fibula and the fibula, and the radius and the ulna<br />Functionally classified <br /> as Amphiarthroses(slightly moveable)<br />
  13. 13. Types of Cartilaginous Joints<br />Synchondrosis<br />Symphysis<br />
  14. 14. Synchondrosis<br /><ul><li>Hyaline cartilage plate between bones
  15. 15. Examples: Epiphyseal plates, and Costochondral joints
  16. 16. Functional Classified as Synarthrosis</li></li></ul><li>Examples of Synchondrosis Joints<br />
  17. 17. Symphysis<br /><ul><li>Fibrocartilage pad between bones
  18. 18. Examples: Pubic symphysis, and intervertebral disc
  19. 19. Functional classified </li></ul> as Amphiarthrosis<br />
  20. 20. Synovial<br />Uniaxial<br />Plane joint<br />Hinge Joint<br />Pivot joint<br />Biaxial<br />Condylar joint<br />Saddle joint<br />Multiaxial<br />Ball-and-socket joint<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Uniaxial<br /><ul><li>Plane joint</li></ul>Flattened or slightly curved faces slide across on another<br />Example: Intercarpal joints & Intertarsal joints<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br /><ul><li>Hinge Joint</li></ul>Permits angular movements in a single plane<br />Example: Elbow Joint<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br /><ul><li>Pivot joint</li></ul>Permits rotation only<br />Example: Atlantoaxial joint<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br />
  23. 23. Biaxial<br /><ul><li>Condylar joint</li></ul>Oval articular surface on one bone closely interfaces with a depressed oval surface on another bone<br />Examples: MP joints<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br /><ul><li>Saddle joint</li></ul>Saddle-shaped articular surface on one bone closely interfaces with depressed surface on another bone<br />Example: Articulation between carpal and first metacarpal bone<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br />
  24. 24. Multiaxial<br /><ul><li>Ball-and-socket joint</li></ul>Round head of one bone rests within cup-shaped depression in another bone<br />Example: Glenohumeral joint, and hip joint<br />Functionally Classified as Diarthrosis<br />
  25. 25. Conclusion<br />Structural <br />Fibrous<br />Gomphosis<br />Suture<br />Syndesmosis<br />Cartilaginous<br />Synchondrosis<br />Symphysis<br />Synovial<br />Uniaxial<br />Plane Joint<br />Hinge Joint<br />Pivot Joint<br />Biaxial<br />Condylar Joint<br />Saddle Joint<br />Mulitiaxial<br />Ball-and-Socket Joint<br />Functional <br />Synarthrosis<br />Immobile<br />Amphiarthrosis<br />Slightly Mobile<br />Diarthrosis<br />Freely Mobile<br />

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