How Behaviorism Affects Learning in the Classroom By Christine P.
Table of Contents What is behaviorism? The Theorists Classroom Benefits Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism
What is behaviorism? Behavior that can be observed Directly related to the environment Based on belief that free will does not exist No need to determine internal thinking
What is behaviorism? Classic conditioning - stimulus and response method − Uncontrolled response to stimulus=controlled response Operant Conditioning – behavior increase or decrease − Uses positive and negative reinforcement
The Theorists Ivan Pavlov − Experimented with classic conditioning Albert Bandura − Social Cognitive Theory − Learning through observational modeling Observing someones behavior and imitating it
The Theorists B.F. Skinner − Behaviorist and researcher − Came up with radical behaviorism Operant conditioning Skinner box – invention for experiments − Rat pulled lever for food − Repeated the behavior to get food
The Theorists Positive and negative reinforcement − Example rewarded for good behavior; repeats behavior
Classroom Benefits Observational modeling − The students model the teachers behavior. − Useful for cleaning around the classroom The teacher cleans up. The students follows by example.
Classroom Benefits Behaviorism also helps discourage misbehavior. − A misbehaved students receives a punishment. − He or she does not repeat the behavior after the punishment. The teacher reinforces good behavior. Bad behavior decreases by following behaviorism.
Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism Behaviorism is helpful as a teacher. I approve of using operant conditioning. Students good behavior should be rewarded. − Bonus points will be given. − Snacks are also a good reward. Bad behavior results to disciplinary actions. − Detention – time away from recess − In-school suspension
Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism Observational modeling will also be used. Students will show more good behavior. I will always throw my trash away. − Students may learn to follow. Teaching goal − Being a role model to students