Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. How Behaviorism Affects Learning in the Classroom By Christine P.
  2. 2. Table of Contents What is behaviorism? The Theorists Classroom Benefits Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism
  3. 3. What is behaviorism? Behavior that can be observed Directly related to the environment Based on belief that free will does not exist No need to determine internal thinking
  4. 4. What is behaviorism? Classic conditioning - stimulus and response method − Uncontrolled response to stimulus=controlled response Operant Conditioning – behavior increase or decrease − Uses positive and negative reinforcement
  5. 5. The Theorists Ivan Pavlov − Experimented with classic conditioning Albert Bandura − Social Cognitive Theory − Learning through observational modeling  Observing someones behavior and imitating it
  6. 6. The Theorists B.F. Skinner − Behaviorist and researcher − Came up with radical behaviorism  Operant conditioning  Skinner box – invention for experiments − Rat pulled lever for food − Repeated the behavior to get food
  7. 7. The Theorists Positive and negative reinforcement − Example  rewarded for good behavior; repeats behavior
  8. 8. Classroom Benefits Observational modeling − The students model the teachers behavior. − Useful for cleaning around the classroom  The teacher cleans up.  The students follows by example.
  9. 9. Classroom Benefits Behaviorism also helps discourage misbehavior. − A misbehaved students receives a punishment. − He or she does not repeat the behavior after the punishment. The teacher reinforces good behavior. Bad behavior decreases by following behaviorism.
  10. 10. Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism Behaviorism is helpful as a teacher. I approve of using operant conditioning. Students good behavior should be rewarded. − Bonus points will be given. − Snacks are also a good reward. Bad behavior results to disciplinary actions. − Detention – time away from recess − In-school suspension
  11. 11. Personal Teaching Methods Using Behaviorism Observational modeling will also be used. Students will show more good behavior. I will always throw my trash away. − Students may learn to follow. Teaching goal − Being a role model to students

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