Behaviorism in the Classroom<br />J. Silva<br />4/19/2010<br />EME 2040<br />
Behaviorism Defined<br />Behaviorism is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods. (Gary Shelly)<br />(Rachael)<br />
Ivan Pavlov<br />Won Nobel Prize in Physiology 1904<br />Known for Pavlov’s Dog experiment's in which he rang a bell while feeding a dog eventually leading to the dog salivating upon just the bell ringing.<br />His research lead to what is now known as Classical Conditioning <br />(Rick London)<br />
B.F. Skinner<br />Known for his experiments in conditioning pigeons<br />By training pigeons to respond to positive reinforcement he conditioned them to engage in complex task such as dancing and bowling.<br />His work led to Operant Conditioning <br />
Conditioning Explained<br />Classical Conditioning refers to the natural reflex that occurs to the response to stimulus<br />Operant Conditioning describes learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcements of stimulus response patterns<br />(Viklund)<br />
Albert Bandura<br />Known for continuing Skinner’s work with Operant Conditioning<br />Famous for Social Cognitive Theory the motivational factors and self-regulated mechanisms that contribute to a persons behavior.<br />Bandura Believed that people acquired behaviors through observations of others.<br />Observational Modeling is watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior, a Theory created by Bandura<br />
Classroom Applications<br />For Teachers and Students<br /><ul><li>Find teachers who have technology successfully integrated into their classroom so that we can mimic their success.
Reward students positively for use of technology as a learning tool.
Have positive reinforcements for completed homework, studying for test and knowledge of material
Give students examples of assignments to complete or work through problems with students so that they may learn by observation.</li></li></ul><li>Works Cited<br />Gary Shelly, Glenda Gunter, Randolph Gunter. Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston: Course Technology, 2010.<br />Rachael. Behaviourism and Behaviours. 2009.<br />Rick London, Rich Diesslin. Pavlov's Dog. London's Times, 2003.<br />Viklund, Andreas. Behaviorism in Today’s Schools. 2008.<br />