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Learning Theory- Behaviorism

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Learning Theory- Behaviorism

  1. 1. LEARNING THEORY- BEHAVIORISM By: Kristen A.
  2. 2. MENUWhat?Who?How?My Classroom?End
  3. 3. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM?• Learner starts with a clean slate• Behavior develops through +/- rewards•Operates on principle of “stimulus-response” o Positive behavior- applying a stimulus o Negative behavior- withdrawing a stimulus•“Learning” is changing your behaviorhttp://www.learning-theories.com/behaviorism.html
  4. 4. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM?• Experimentation mostly takes place with animals• In education, teacher has dominance• Learners success is based on actions• Can be used for classroom management o Prevent or solve discipline problemshttp://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/behaviour.htm Return to Menu
  5. 5. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?Ivan Pavlov• Famous Russian psychologist and physiologist•Biggest contribution was Classical Conditioning o Theory suggesting how behavior is learned• Behavioral experiments with dogs• Taught dogs to salivate o By ringing a bell and providing food o Then salivate only by hearing the bell• Received a Nobel Prize for his contribution to Sciencehttp://www.psyonline.nl/hof/en-pavlov.htm
  6. 6. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?Albert Bandura• Social Cognitive Theory o Motivational factors that contribute to behavior• Observational Modeling o People observe others behaviors o Then imitate what they observe• Later joined the Cognitivist o Way people think affects their behavior Textbook: Integrating Technology In a Connected World
  7. 7. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?B.F. Skinner• American Behaviorist• Behavioral/Operant Conditioning o Shapes behavior through reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns• Conducted experiments with pigeons o Taught them how to dance, bowl o Stimulus pattern occurred, then pigeon was rewarded•Believed human behavior could work the same wayhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._F._Skinner Return to Menu
  8. 8. HOW WOULD TEACHERS USE BEHAVIORISM INTHE CLASSROOM? • Teachers would reward students for positive behavior o Praise, extra recess, or gold star o Technology- give computer time • Have consequences for negative behavior o Take away time at recess, take away star o Technology- take away computer time • Can also use to encourage learning o Play “game” where if they answer right, they obtain a point o If they answer wrong they don’t get a point o This will encourage them to study, to get more points
  9. 9. HOW WOULD STUDENTS USE BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM?• Students don’t have much control o teacher has dominance•They obtain +/- rewards based on their behavior• Through this they learn proper behavior• Students can also change students behavior o They can threaten to tell the teacher, if a student is being bad o Since, the student won’t want to be in trouble, the action will stop. Return to Menu
  10. 10. WOULD I USE BEHAVIORISM IN MYCLASSROOM?• I would definitely use behaviorism• When doing service learning, my teacher used behaviorism o I saw the effectiveness, it was unbelievable! o They immediately stopped bad behavior o Encouraged good behavior• She used: o Positive- warm fuzzies, fake money o Negative- took out a warm fuzzy, took away money, made students sit out at recess
  11. 11. WOULD I USE BEHAVIORISM IN MYCLASSROOM? • I think it’s a great way to keep order in the classroom • It’s also effective for elementary all the way to high school •I would use behaviorism to help motivate students o to do right thing o and to pay attention, focus • I will use things such as: o extra/less recess o add/take away fuzzy or star o add/subtract computer time Return to Menu
  12. 12. Picture:Flickr.comMusic:Heartland, freeplaymusic.com

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