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Learning Theory- Behaviorism


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Learning Theory- Behaviorism

  2. 2. MENUWhat?Who?How?My Classroom?End
  3. 3. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM?• Learner starts with a clean slate• Behavior develops through +/- rewards•Operates on principle of “stimulus-response” o Positive behavior- applying a stimulus o Negative behavior- withdrawing a stimulus•“Learning” is changing your behavior
  4. 4. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM?• Experimentation mostly takes place with animals• In education, teacher has dominance• Learners success is based on actions• Can be used for classroom management o Prevent or solve discipline problems Return to Menu
  5. 5. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?Ivan Pavlov• Famous Russian psychologist and physiologist•Biggest contribution was Classical Conditioning o Theory suggesting how behavior is learned• Behavioral experiments with dogs• Taught dogs to salivate o By ringing a bell and providing food o Then salivate only by hearing the bell• Received a Nobel Prize for his contribution to Science
  6. 6. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?Albert Bandura• Social Cognitive Theory o Motivational factors that contribute to behavior• Observational Modeling o People observe others behaviors o Then imitate what they observe• Later joined the Cognitivist o Way people think affects their behavior Textbook: Integrating Technology In a Connected World
  7. 7. WHO DEVELOPED BEHAVIORISM?B.F. Skinner• American Behaviorist• Behavioral/Operant Conditioning o Shapes behavior through reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns• Conducted experiments with pigeons o Taught them how to dance, bowl o Stimulus pattern occurred, then pigeon was rewarded•Believed human behavior could work the same way Return to Menu
  8. 8. HOW WOULD TEACHERS USE BEHAVIORISM INTHE CLASSROOM? • Teachers would reward students for positive behavior o Praise, extra recess, or gold star o Technology- give computer time • Have consequences for negative behavior o Take away time at recess, take away star o Technology- take away computer time • Can also use to encourage learning o Play “game” where if they answer right, they obtain a point o If they answer wrong they don’t get a point o This will encourage them to study, to get more points
  9. 9. HOW WOULD STUDENTS USE BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM?• Students don’t have much control o teacher has dominance•They obtain +/- rewards based on their behavior• Through this they learn proper behavior• Students can also change students behavior o They can threaten to tell the teacher, if a student is being bad o Since, the student won’t want to be in trouble, the action will stop. Return to Menu
  10. 10. WOULD I USE BEHAVIORISM IN MYCLASSROOM?• I would definitely use behaviorism• When doing service learning, my teacher used behaviorism o I saw the effectiveness, it was unbelievable! o They immediately stopped bad behavior o Encouraged good behavior• She used: o Positive- warm fuzzies, fake money o Negative- took out a warm fuzzy, took away money, made students sit out at recess
  11. 11. WOULD I USE BEHAVIORISM IN MYCLASSROOM? • I think it’s a great way to keep order in the classroom • It’s also effective for elementary all the way to high school •I would use behaviorism to help motivate students o to do right thing o and to pay attention, focus • I will use things such as: o extra/less recess o add/take away fuzzy or star o add/subtract computer time Return to Menu
  12. 12. Picture:Flickr.comMusic:Heartland,