The Behaviorism Theory World view that operates by the principle of stimulus response Positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement will increase the probability that the behavior will be repeated Consequences and punishment, negative and positive, will decrease the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated
The Behaviorist Theory Continued Mostly focuses on teacher-centered instruction Lectures, demonstrations, tutorials Concerned with observable and measurable aspects of human behavior All behavior is caused by external stimuli Educational effects are key in developing basic skills and foundations of understanding in all subject areas Click to go back to menu!
People of the Behaviorist Approach B.F. Skinner Most influential of American psychologists Theory of operant conditioning Radical Behaviorism John B Watson Thought psychology should be the science of observable behavior Beginning of the development of learning science The “Little Albert” Experiment
Ivan Pavlov Russian physiologist His research on the physiology of digestion led to the first experimental model of learning, classical conditioning Nobel Prize winner, 1904 Best known for Pavlov’s Dog Experiment Click to go back to menu!
Classroom Implications of Behaviorism Direct, teacher-centered instruction Demonstrations, drills, lectures Teachers would check student’s work regularly Providing feedback as well as encouragement Students can be taught best when focus is directly on the content Breakingdown skills and information to be learned is best when put into small units
Implications of Behaviorism View Teachers must set up highly structured lesson plans Punishing bad behavior, encouraging good behavior Behaviorist approach is best with young learners No lesson plan can work if completely behavioral- free Discipline helps keep classroom moving along Click to go back to menu!
My Classroom Using Behaviorism View Students will be rewarded for good behavior, and consequences will be given for bad behavior The teacher, myself, must have well-structured lesson plans for students to followHelp my students understand that more effortequals higher grades.
My Classroom and Behaviorism Approach I will use high achieving and successful peers as models for other students Reinforcement will strengthen a behavior while punishment will weaken a behavior Using Technology with Instruction that Works by Pitler et al (2007) (Book) Educational strategies such as “Reinforcing Effort” and “Homework and Practice” Effort is number one factor Click to go back to menu!