Menu• Main Points• Key Figures• Behaviorism in the Classroom• Behaviorism in My Classroom
Main Points• Human learning is an objective and experimental branch of natural science.• No internal cognitive processing of information.• People learn to behave solely through a system of positive and negative rewards.
Main Points cont.• Classic Conditioning: the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus• Operant Conditioning: behavior that is learned through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns
Main Points cont. 2• Observational Modeling: watching & mimicking observed behavior• Imagery: the ability to retain information through images in the mind
Key Figures• Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)• B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)• Albert Bandura (1925- )• John B. Watson (1878-1958)
Ivan Pavlov• Famous for his behavioral experiments with dogs.• Won the Nobel prize in Physiology in 1904.• Classic conditioning- refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus.• Conditioned reflexes originate in the cerebral cortex.
Behaviorism in the Classroom• Teachers reward good behavior.• Teachers punish bad behavior.• Success depends on the stimulus & response & on associations made by the learner.
Behaviorism in the Classroom cont.• Students associate good behavior with a reward, so they learn to repeat good behavior.• Students associate bad behavior with a punishment, so they learn not to repeat bad behavior.
Behaviorism in My Classroom• Students know what is expected of them at all times.• Students would also know the consequences for not filling those expectations.
Behaviorism in My Classroom cont.• Good behavior rewarded with stickers and/or a choice from the treasure box.• Bad behavior punished by being put on a yellow/red card and/or a note sent home.