Credit InnonetImageSource: Wikipedia/Map of Six Degrees Theory of Social Connectivityhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Six_degrees_of_separation.pngText: Chapter 2: Understanding Networks – The Networked Nonprofit by Beth Kanter and Allison Fine
http://www.flickr.com/photos/iicd/5348319263/in/faves-cambodia4kidsorg/Girl Geeks Session Explain Girl Geek Sessions - shoulder to shoulder learningOverview of different tools that we might use (1) A platform to share documents and resources (wiki)(2) A platform for "just in time" interaction online in between meetings (email group or private FB group)(3) A platform for "real time" voice interaction (Skype/Conference Call) In the training design, we have allocated time to train participants on using the wiki. I did not expect anyone to actually set up a profile before the meeting unless they were confident self-learners with technology or already knew how to use the wikispaces. The "complete your profile task" was more of a technology assessment than a preparation task. It's one thing for people say they are comfortable using technology on a survey, it is another thing to see if they complete the task on their own. It is terrific that Elizabeth and Mahelet were able to set up an account on wikispaces -- that means they are going to be great co-teachers at the meeting. There might have been other barriers to using the wiki beyond comfort levels and not having formal training - such as finding the time to do the task and, of course, connectivity issues :-) We can discuss this as part of the training in Rwanda and find ways to help participants deal with these "real life" challenges of transfer. It is one thing to do a training, but the real work begins after the training when people begin to make a habit of using the new skills and networked ways of working. It is important for us to talk about this in Rwanda. One of the planned training exercises in Rwanda design will be to guide participants in setting up their profile so they can understand a couple of techniques to share information on the wiki. It will hard for them to decide what platforms they need unless they "get their hands dirty." Also, the wiki training activities are designed to help build the network and learning from each other which support the outcomes. I just finished a training with Family Planning NGOs in Pakistan, place that has major connectivity issues. They worked on updating their profiles in the training together in pairs. By doing it in the room together, we model "social learning" -- one person learns something about the platform and teaches someone else. This helps build a network, improve everyone's skills and reduce dependency. The wiki is a simple shared file cabinet where participants can share their lesson plans, resource guides, and resources, improving them based on what they learn about instructional design. The wiki can also be place for participants to keep journals -- have a place to write down and share what they're learning with each other. This helps with documentation and makes it easy for participants share with one another. It can also be a place to add notes from Skype calls. It is important to have "real time voice" for people to talk to each other, hear their voices. Online communications looses 90% of what is required for good mutual understanding - tone of voice for example. Only virtual communication can lead to misunderstandings and can pose a problem in building a network. I realize that a conference call system may be very expensive for the project. But, SKYPE out into a free conference call platform is very inexpensive, unless any of the countries censor their Internet and the ability to SKYPE out, although there are workarounds. (BTW, SKYPE video takes a lot more bandwidth than SKYPE audio. But this may be different in your country.)For network building, it is a good idea to have a platform for "just in time" support, interaction, and relationship building -- options are a private FB group or email group. The group can discuss the trade offs. One of the strengths of using a Facebook group is it encourages networked interactions and helps build habits in these new ways of working. It can also become a place to celebrate real-time accomplishments, come to each other for advice, connections, referrals, etc - it should be the platform that helps the group builds the ties that are so important in network formation. I have included in the design some time for training on FB group if we go in that direction. If they prefer to communicate through email then we can use the time to cover something else! I've used private FB groups with newly formed networks even in places where connectivity is a problem. What is useful about it from a network building perspective, is that during the training when we're all together, we can use it for the exercises and modeling group conversations taking place offline. See the attached image for examples from the recent training family planning NGOs from Pakistan about the types of interactions that can take place in a private FB group for a newly forming network. Have them get on the Facebook Group – and document the Me To We exercise Wiki – set up accounts, edit their profiles – edit text, add bold, add hyperlinks, add document (upload), add slide deck Wiki – edit journal page – add image
Social network mapping tools help you visual your network. Use to draw your network because it helps you see the connections and identify strategy. There is a range from simple to complex, free to expensive, and low-tech to high-tech.
Networks are collections of organizations and people who are connected together around an issue – we will be focusing on Networked NGO – networks with a big N
Mapping Your Network ExerciseGoal: This exercise will provide an opportunity for each individual to use a low-tech method (sticky notes and poster paper) to map their NGO’s network. Staff at NGOs don’t all need to become experts everything in social media. They can use an understanding of networks to develop and weave relationships with others to help them learn how to use social media and make connections for the NGOs they working with. Description: Organizations will work together. They will use sticky notes to create network. We will debrief standing up as group and looking at each team’s map. One person from each team should be prepared to explain the map to the whole group and share insights. Some reflection questions to generate insights once maps are createdWhat people, resources, and organizations are in your ecosystem?What are the different roles?Are you connected or not connected?If connected, how are you connected?Think about the touch points in your network? How do you appreciate, thank, and celebrate important people in your network?Think about reciprocity: What have you given people in your network before they have asked? Debrief: Gather everyone together as a full group standing. Walk as a group to each map and have each team debrief their map. Walk to the next map as a group. Once every team has reported, then ask everyone to sit down and reflect on these questions:How does this idea translate? How can you use your professional network to support your work on this project?
Social networking sites like Facebook make it easy for sensitive information about us to be made public unintentionally. Therefore, it is important to understand how to best protect one’s own privacy as well as others. Tactical Technology’s Security in A Box suggests asking a couple of good reflective questions about your account on any online social networking platform where you set up a presence:Who can access the information I am putting online?Who controls and owns the information I put into a social networking site?What information about me are my contacts passing on to other people?Will my contacts mind if I share information about them with other people?Do I trust everyone with whom I’m connected?
Publishing content on Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms has become a requirement for NGOs that want a presence and to participate on social channels. However, it is important to understand how to use these platforms safely.
http://coolcatteacher.blogspot.com/2011/03/facebook-friending-101-for-schools.htmlFriendsYour friends have access to everything you publish unless you override the settings. If you friend someone - they are in your inner circle or your FF's. Do you trust them?Friends of FriendsWhen a person has their settings as "friends of friends" then the friends of their friends can see their content and friends can share information.PublicThis is what is shared with everyone on Facebook. You can't hide your name, profile picture, network and gender (if you provide this info)." Be careful on your profile picture, many get tripped up just by posting an inappropriate profile photo. Everyone sees it.You CAN set your page to public, which means that all of Facebook's users and everyone on the web can see your page.
Guide to FB Settingshttp://www.facebook.com/privacy/explanation.phpRecommendationsHave everything set as “Friends Only” (meaning only friends have access to your page. Turn off Public Search Set it so only friends or friends can find you Set it so only friends can see your friend list, education, location, likesAvoid stating your location or where you will be Only accept friend requests/add friends that you regularly talk toDelete any comments you make, or status update you write within a monthLimit public conversation to a minimumLet only friends see your photo’s tagged photo’s OR Only allow “me” to see tagged photos of yourself Check your PRIVACY SETTING at least ONCE A MONTH for Facebook changes Words of Wisdom.. Keep your Facebook account securitized and professional at all times!
Exercise: Share Pair – What do you do to avoid getting content fried? How to you get rid of that feeling of being overwhelmed?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nep/2284817865/I love chocolate (agree/disagree) Agree/Disagree The Internet and social media are all well and good but they are simply tools and we shouldn’t over rely on it, because there are a huge number of women and girls that are not online. The challenges that we encounter when using the Internet and Social Media limit its effectiveness so much that we shouldn't even bother to use it Gender issues in the ‘real world’ are more important than those online Women and their organizations should engage in a policy discussion about the promotion of internet development with a vision of inclusion, access, freedom of expression, fairness and respect for human rights. We need to begin to engage effectively our political leaderships, to deliver for us, as NGOS and Individuals we cannot provide electricity nor install optic fibre cables- Social media can help our own NGOs, activists, and others in our countries spread ideas and calls for action for Women’s Rights. Women’s Rights Organizations, including ours, need to make use of social media and networked approaches to get better results in our social change agendas Women’s Rights organizations need to be strategic about social media and the Internet because traffickers are now utilizing Social media to traffic girls and women for prostitution and other purposes
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cimmyt/5260733597/Next 45 minutesWe’re going tell campfire stories ….Living Case Study: Remember that survey? There some amazing stories about smaller nonprofits reaping benefits from contests beyond the money and social media. So, your organization may be in this presentation! Pay attentionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/codybadger/2072528071/sizes/l/in/photostream/Self-help group members share QPM with fellow farmers, KenyaCatherine WanjoviMuriithi, Nancy WambetiNthiga, and Susan Njeru (left to right), all members of NthamboMurimiMwaro (Nthambo’s Best Farmer) Self-help Group, at a quality protein maize (QPM) farmer field day on 24 July 2006 in the village of KathakaKaome in Embu district, Kenya. As well as seeing healthy QPM plants growing on trial plots, the 180 participating farmers learned from self-help group members about the new QPM varieties, how to grow them, and their nutritional benefits.Embu is among the first four districts in Kenya’s Central Province to host QPM promotion trials. Locals traditionally combine maize with beans to make a dish called githeri, but rising prices of beans and other pulses mean that diets in poorer households are increasingly maize-based, and serious protein malnutrition is now common in weaning babies. QPM looks just like normal maize, but contains enhanced levels of the essential amino acids lysine and tryptophan, along with other characteristics that make more of its protein useful to humans or farm animals, and so can stem or reverse protein malnutrition. What is more, at the field day the farmers said they preferred the taste, texture, and appearance of githeri made with QPM.The QPM varieties being promoted are the result of long-term research involving CIMMYT maize breeders. Supported by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), CIMMYT works in partnership with the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) to develop locally-adapted QPM, and with Catholic Relief Services, the Catholic Diocese of Embu, and the Kenya Ministry of Agriculture, to promote QPM on the ground. CIMMYT also collaborates with with two local seed companies, Western Seed Company and Freshco Ltd, and has provided training in QPM seed production and quality assurance, essential for sustainability.For more information, see CIMMYT's August 2006 e-news story "The maize with the beans inside: QPM gathers a following in Kenya," available online at: www.cimmyt.org/newsletter/82-2006/250-the-maize-with-the-....Photo credit: CIMMYT.http://africa.wagggThe Africa Region of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) has 31 Member Organizations. There are 500,000 Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in the region today. A list of Member Organizations in the Africa Region can be viewed under the Member Organizations section. The Africa Region brings together more than 500,000 girls in 31 countries. It is part of a global community, one of five regions in the world’s largest international voluntary organization for girls and young women, the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS).Through Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting in WAGGGS’ Africa Region, we offer girls and young women opportunities for leadership development, personal development and non-formal education that they may not otherwise receive.Girls and young women develop life skills and leadership and decision-making skills as well as aiming to build up their self-esteem. They can then use these skills and experiences within their national associations and their own communities as well as their everyday lives.My leadership style was adjusted to a balance and that enabled me to reach many girls in my state. I was able to make constructive contributions at our national board having seen what Guiding really stands for in an international setting. Consequently I was elected by members of the Youth forum as their national Youth Adviser.Enemuo Florence Chidiogo, from Nigerian Girl Guides AssociationGirls and young women in Africa work on contemporary and cutting edge projects focused around literacy, peace-building, nutrition, HIV and AIDS prevention, the prevention of violence against women, children and women’s rights and environmental issues all tied in with WAGGGS Global Action Theme girls worldwide say “together we can change our world”, which is directly linked to the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).Many girls and young women take part in income-generation skills training. The region works to improve the life skills of girls and young women, focusing on careers, health and environmental issues that can be applied personally, locally and globally. By working together in this way we hope to bring about a brighter future across the region.sworld.org/en/about/whatwedo
What about bandwidth?Name:KathambiKinotiTitle: Managing TrusteeEmail: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.orgOrganization: Young Women's Leadership InstituteWeb Site: ywli.orgPride:Pride: YWLI has a diverse network of young women and has opened a safe space for your women to discuss various issues affecting them while sharing their opinions progressively. This has seen a lot of information shared amongst young women from all over the country and has allowed us to compile young women's thoughts around various contentious issues.Pride: Mobilizing young women to participate in elections and governance Example: We were part of Waremboni Yes, a movement of young women pushing for the adoption of the new constitution in 2010. Much of the mobilization was over twitter, facebook and googlegroups. We routinely use social media to mobilize young women around issues.Example: Through our social media sites i.e. Face book, our website and Google groups many young women have helped each other through information, though offering employment opportunities, encouraging each other and getting assistance where need be. Last year the members of our online network supported adolescent girls who are survivors of Sexual Violence, they also supported a young disabled woman access a wheel chair and medical assistance.Example: We were a key part of the Warembo Ni Yes campaign to get young women to vote for the proposed constitution of Kenya. Ultimately the 'yes' votes prevailed and we have a constitution that upholds women's rights.
1 Tweet from Feb 13, but infrequent prior to thatLinked with FB account
Web Sitehttp://28feb.co.ke/Twitter:https://twitter.com/#!/kenya28febFacebookhttps://www.facebook.com/28FebKenyaYouTubehttp://www.youtube.com/user/kenya28febKenyans Collectively Sing their National Anthem: February, 2011http://articles.cnn.com/2011-02-28/world/kenya.anthem.unity_1_national-anthem-kenyans-east-african-nation?_s=PM:WORLDOrganizers said the grassroots effort is aimed at promoting unity in the east African nation, where ethnic violence left more than 1,000 people dead after disputed elections four years ago. "The whole point is to unite Kenyans in one action and provoke reflection about personal responsibility," said organizer Al Kags."We decided to go with the national anthem because it is the main prayer that binds us together. It's a clarion call that transcends all boundaries -- physical, mental, tribal, you name it."Francis Mwiwa, 29, crawled out of bed to join in the singing from the Toronto suburb of Brampton."At the very least, I hope singing the national anthem together jolts regular Kenyans into looking at the big picture," Mwiwa said. "Ethnic and tribal differences are obsolete. Instead of fighting amongst ourselves, we should be busy competing with the rest of the world."The movement started on social media, and later expanded offline.
Name:Tsigie HaileTitle: DirectorEmail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.orgOrganization: Organization for Women in Self Employment (WISE)Web Site: www.wise.org.etPride: We have a website through which we share our information to others.Example: It has not yet developed because of the low development of our internet system. We simply use it to share information.
Network: Definition Networks are collections
of people and organizations connected to one another. The glue that holds them together is relationships– it is shared interests, connections, and social change outcomes. Online tools can help us leverage our networks to make social change.Image Source: Innonet
Different Types of Networks Type
StructureIndividuals Knowledge/Learning/Resource SharingOrganizations Nonprofit Organizations with explicit network structure or strategy – Networked Nonprofit Coalition / Alliance (network of organizations)Networks Movements / Organizing individuals and organizations Ad Hoc Networks - Occupy
Low-Tech Methods National Wildlife Federation
Brought together team that is working on advocacy strategy to support a law that encourages children to play outside. Team mapped their 5 “go to people” about this issue Look at connections and strategic value of relationships, gaps
Network weavers wear a variety
hats - networkers, project coordinators, facilitators, and guardians. Don’t think narrowly about Network Weaving as a specific job description, but rather as a role. You want multiple people spreading these skills throughout the networkNetwork Weaving: Be Rhizomatic
“W.TEC is a Nigerian non-governmental
organization working for the economicand social empowerment of girls and women, using information andcommunication technologies (ICTs). We have chosen to focus on this areabecause statistical evidence has shown that in most African countries, women’suse and knowledge of ICTs (to store, share, organize and process information) islower than men’s, denying them of income-generating opportunities and thechance to network with others.”
Networking• Relationship and trust building
– glue that keeps your network together• Networking can help you learn your craft/practice and save you time – don’t reinvent the wheel• Be intentional about how you weave your network• Face-to-face is important, but online networking tools can help you visualize and find new connections in your network
Internet Skills AssessmentThe Internet is
becoming the platform to catalyze networks – and self-organizing. One of the most important behaviors for a successful networking ais “learning how to learn.” And that as networks evolve and grow, youexperiment with different tools and then spread the knowledge to the rest of thenetwork.This will be important as you each decide how and if you will incorporate onlinenetworking tools, concepts, or principles into building this network and in yourown work and the NGOs and women you work with …
Exercise: “Weaving Our Network Through
OurShared Interests and Skills to Make SocialChange”1. Work in mixed groups to create a network with sticky notes on poster paper2. Discuss what skills/knowledge you can share with others in the network3. Discuss what skills/knowledge you are seeking4. Hang your networks on the wall5. Debrief
Privacy on Social NetworksAsk these
questions:•Who can access the information I am puttingonline?•Who controls and owns the information I put into asocial networking site?•What information about me are my contactspassing on to other people?•Will my contacts mind if I share information aboutthem with other people?•Do I trust everyone with whom I’m connected?
Social Network Privacy and Security
Tips• Don’t rely on social platforms as the single host for your information, it is very easy for governments to block access without warning• Be careful about sharing too much information in your status updates – even if you “trust” your friends• Avoid stating your location or where you will be• Only accept friend requests/add friends that you know• Do not share sensitive information on social network sites in private groups or private messaging
Privacy Settings Tips on Facebook•
Have everything set as “Friends Only” (meaning only friends have access to your page)• Turn off Public Search• Set it so only friends of friends can find you• Set it so only friends can see your friend list, education, location, likes• Let only friends see your photo’s tagged photo’s OR• Only allow “me” to see tagged photos of yourself• Check your PRIVACY SETTING at least ONCE A MONTH for Facebook changes• Keep your Facebook account securitized and professional at all times!
Your Living Case StudiesCatherine Wanjovi
Muriithi, Nancy Wambeti Nthiga, and Susan Njeru (left to right), all members of Nthambo Murimi Mwaro (Nthambo’s Best Farmer)Self-help Group, at a quality protein maize (QPM) farmer field day on 24 July 2006 in the village of Kathaka Kaome in Embu district, Kenya.Flickr Photo: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
Living Case Studies: YWLI Kenya
Part 1: We’re going share some campfire stories …We have a very vibrant network of young women online whoshare ideas, challenge issues, form action groups, blog, etc.Use Twitter/Facebook routinely. A large part of our workdepends on our online interactions.
Take Back The Tech! starts
with abasic premise: Information and communications technology arefeminist issues Communication rights, such as the right toinformation, expression and privacy, are criticalcomponents of the women’s rights agenda
What is Take Back The
Tech? A collaborative 16 days of activism againstgender-based violence campaign A call to every user – especially girls and women –to take control of technology, and use themcreatively and strategically to end violence againstwomen.
Communications & campaign strategy Daily
actions • Explore, learn and play with technology and use it for activism • Think about connections between violence against women and ICTs • Making it simple & do-able – everyone communicates in some way, everyone can take action Making the connection between online and offline • Visual language of campaign • Joining the dots between representation, information and social change. • Linking online action with offline spaces, and offline action with online spaces.