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Quebec after the Seven Years' War

Quebec after the Seven Years' War

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  • 1. After the Fall of Quebec Chapter 10
  • 2. Intro to the Intro • The conquest of New France did not end the Seven Years’ War – war raged from the West Indies to India. • 1762, France launched an attack on NFL to capture St John’s to hold it as a bargaining tool. • French captured Fort William in the Spring at the harbour and in Sept 1500 British troops led by Colonel William Amherst poured in – called the Battle of Signal Hill (last battle of the 7 Years’ War) • The French surrendered after one day and Canada was lost to them forever.
  • 3. With a Partner: Answer the following: 1.) What is the difference between Canadian and Canadien? 2.) What are Voltaire's reasons for referring to Canada as "a few acres of snow"?
  • 4. Introduction – Read p. 294 • • • • Who were the New Englanders? How loyal were they to Britain? Who were the United Empire Loyalists? What happened in 1791?
  • 5. After the Capture • French surrender of Canada and the Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended the wars between Britain and France for control of NA. • Terms of the Treaty of Paris: 1. France gave up all rights and colonies in NA, except for Louisiana and St. Pierre and Miquelon (off NFL). 2. France received Martinique, Guadaloupe, and other sugar islands in the Caribbean.
  • 6. Why were Les Habitants not deported by the British? • French military were wiped out, so the Habitants (Canadiens) were not seen as a threat. • James Murray (Military Governor) was not a cruel man. He had no intention of impoverishing Les Habitants financially or spiritually.
  • 7. Quebec Accepts British Rule • People of New France were not given many rights or much say in government. • No democracy in France at this time. Quebec came under military rule. • The Habs would not abandon their way of living, but they were treated well by the British (p. 296-7): • Many important French fur merchants departed for France or Louisiana. • Replaced by Scottish and American traders – expanded trading routes west, using voyageurs and interpreters, and later some formed the NWC.
  • 8. Native Peoples’ Resistance • To the west (Great Lakes and beyond), Native traders were not happy with the results of the Seven Years’ War. • They knew that British and Anglo-American traders were a serious threat to their way of life. • They protested to the British authorities, but received no help. • Scottish traders were supported by Scottish MPs in Parliament, large British factories sold goods to traders, and land speculators had support from Britain. • Pontiac tried to unite the tribes, but could not get support from French settlers, and British forces defeated him and called a peace conference that split his support.
  • 9. The Royal Proclamation • In 1763, King George issued a Royal Proclamation (law) • Came into effect in August 1764. • New France became the Province of Quebec – Murray as Governor. • Province of Nova Scotia expanded to include Cape Breton, PEI, and New Brunswick.
  • 10. The RP Angers the Americans • It cut off land speculation to the west of the Appalachian mts. • The 13 colonies’ settlers could not move into the Ohio Valley – fertile land. • Native People were satisfied because settlers and traders would not be able to enter their territory without permission. • Colonists felt anger towards British and it is one of the causes of the American Revolution.
  • 11. The Quebec Act • 1774 – changed Quebec from military rule into a new British colony. • Mixed French Civil law with English Criminal law. • It tried to keep everyone happy. • Guy Carleton was the Governor since 1766. • What did the Quebec Act do to these 3 groups: Britain Quebec Act Quebec 13 Colonies