After the Fall of Quebec


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SS9 Chapter 10

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After the Fall of Quebec

  1. 1. After the Fall of Quebec Chapter 10
  2. 2. Introduction – Read p. 294 <ul><li>Who were the New Englanders? </li></ul><ul><li>How loyal were they to Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the United Empire Loyalists? </li></ul><ul><li>What happened in 1791? </li></ul>
  3. 3. After the Capture <ul><li>French surrender of Canada and the Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended the wars between Britain and France for control of NA. </li></ul><ul><li>Terms of the Treaty of Paris: </li></ul><ul><li>France gave up all rights and colonies in NA, except for Louisiana and St. Pierre and Miquelon (off NFL). </li></ul><ul><li>France received Martinique, Guadaloupe, and other sugar islands in the Caribbean. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quebec Accepts British Rule <ul><li>People of New France were not given many rights or much say in government. </li></ul><ul><li>No democracy in France at this time. Quebec came under military rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The Habs would not abandon their way of living, but they were treated well by the British (p. 296-7): </li></ul><ul><li>Many important French fur merchants departed for France or Louisiana. </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced by Scottish and American traders – expanded trading routes west, using voyageurs and interpreters, and later some formed the NWC. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Native Peoples’ Resistance <ul><li>To the west (Great Lakes and beyond), Native traders were not happy with the results of the Seven Years’ War. </li></ul><ul><li>They knew that British and Anglo-American traders were a serious threat to their way of life. </li></ul><ul><li>They protested to the British authorities, but received no help. </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish traders were supported by Scottish MPs in Parliament, large British factories sold goods to traders, and land speculators had support from Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Pontiac tried to unite the tribes, but could not get support from French settlers, and British forces defeated him and called a peace conference that split his support. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A RP Angers the American <ul><li>In 1763, King George issued a Royal Proclamation (law). </li></ul><ul><li>It cut off land speculation to the west of the Appalachian mts. </li></ul><ul><li>The 13 colonies’ settlers could not move into the Ohio Valley – fertile land. </li></ul><ul><li>Native People were satisfied because settlers and traders would not be able to enter their territory without permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists felt anger towards British and it is one of the causes of the American Revolution. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Quebec Act <ul><li>1774 – changed Quebec from military rule into a new British colony. </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Quebec Act do to these 3 groups: </li></ul>Britain Quebec 13 Colonies Quebec Act