The fFench and Indian War


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The fFench and Indian War

  1. 1. Period 1: Please get out your Jamestown: The First English Colony outline! Period 2, 4, 5, 6: Please pick up a paper from the side table and have a seat right away! Would you like to contribute to our group gift?
  2. 2. The French and Indian War Essential Question: Why and how do people seek independence?
  3. 3. Background French and Spanish owned land surrounding British colonies Colonies could not expand Ohio River Valley was extremely important to French: Connected land in Canada to land on the Mississippi River French had profitable trade relations with A’s Britain wanted to trade with N-A’s for fur N-
  4. 4. Native Americans Choose Sides Native Americans needed to choose sides: British: • • • • Farmers Cleared/destroyed N-A land Allies with Iroquois Iroquois and British were enemies of the Algonquin and Huron tribes
  5. 5. The Iroquois
  6. 6. Native Americans Choose Sides French: Trappers and Traders Did not clear/destroy land Married into and adopted N-A ways Allies with Algonquin and Huron Tribes
  7. 7. The Huron
  8. 8. The British Strategy •Use the British Army and Colonial militia troops to attack the French by invading Canada. •Surround Canada’s greatest city, Quebec, and defeat it. •Once Quebec has fallen, France will have to surrender their army and leave North America.
  9. 9. The French Strategy •Defend Quebec at all costs against the British invasion. •Use their Indian allies to form war parties and attack the American colonists along the undefended frontier. This will force the American soldier to leave the British army and defend their homes. •The French will encourage massacres of Americans by paying money for each American scalp the Indians take.
  10. 10. The American Colonists •Many colonists feel that the war is not their responsibility. The British need colonial support to win, so they force the Americans into service. •Many colonists experience prejudice at the hands of the British officers. •Once the French begin attacking their homes, American desert the British army.
  11. 11. Fighting Breaks out in 1754 British traveled into French land (in the Ohio River Valley) Built Fort Necessity near French Fort Duquesne Built by George Washington French attacked and won Released Washington But there is much more to the story…
  12. 12. British “Brown Bess” Musket 1756 French 1728 Infantry Musket
  13. 13. Albany Congress of 1754 Delegates from 7 colonies 2 Goals: Cement alliance with Iroquois Plan a united Colonial defense Albany Plan of Union: Ben Franklin Wanted to unite the colonies under one commander All colonies rejected the plan
  14. 14. British Luck British lost most battles William Pitt turned the tied of the War Encouraged colonists to join the fight by offering them large payments for supplies and service Seized Fort Duquesne and renamed it Fort Pitt
  15. 15. End of the War 1759, British claimed Quebec (France’s most important possession) 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed: Ended conflict Marked the end of French power in North America
  16. 16. Treaty of Paris Britain gained all French land East of the Mississippi River except New Orleans and West Indies Spain gained all French land West of the Mississippi River and New Orleans