The French and Indian
War
Austin Spence
• North America in the 18th century was being
controlled by Spain, France, and Great Britain.
• France and Britain both wa...
North America Before the War
Beginnings of the War
• Land, Land, Land
• Fort Duquesne (1754) - Pittsburgh, PA
− Claimed by both the French and British
...
The Indians
• Sided with the French because they benefited
from trade with them.
• They were worried the British were goin...
Developments of the War
• Seven Years’ War (1756-1763)
− French and Indian War becomes North American
theater of the 7 Yea...
The World Before the War
Leaders of the War
• Great Britain
− General Edward Braddock
• Sent over from Great Britain to be Commander in Chief.
• Le...
Battle Grounds
• Lakes George and Champlain
− Located in New York and reach up to Canada
− Provided easy routes for food a...
Battle Grounds (Continued)
• Fort Carillion (1958)
− French base controlled by Montcalm
− Lake Champlain
− British attack ...
• Battle of Quebec (1759)
− French under command of Montcalm
− British under James Wolfe
− Great Britain enters through St...
Outcomes of the War
• Land
− British gain everything east of
the Mississippi
− Spain receives land west of
the Mississippi...
Works Cited
Borneman, Walter R. The French and Indian War:
Deciding the Fate of North America. Chicago:
HaperCollins Publi...
Ohio History Central. Ohio history Central: French
and Indian War. 1 November 1 2010
<http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/en...
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The French and Indian War

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The French and Indian War

  1. 1. The French and Indian War Austin Spence
  2. 2. • North America in the 18th century was being controlled by Spain, France, and Great Britain. • France and Britain both wanted total control. − British jealous of French fur trade with Indians − Leads to strife and rivalry − Global conflict for land − Only solution is war Road to the War
  3. 3. North America Before the War
  4. 4. Beginnings of the War • Land, Land, Land • Fort Duquesne (1754) - Pittsburgh, PA − Claimed by both the French and British − George Washington sent to demand withdrawal of French − They will not leave, which leads to the attack of the British on the French − French succeed
  5. 5. The Indians • Sided with the French because they benefited from trade with them. • They were worried the British were going to take over their land.
  6. 6. Developments of the War • Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) − French and Indian War becomes North American theater of the 7 Years’ War. − British and French clash, fighting for land on both Europe and North America.
  7. 7. The World Before the War
  8. 8. Leaders of the War • Great Britain − General Edward Braddock • Sent over from Great Britain to be Commander in Chief. • Led army to attack Fort Duquesne • Braddock’s Expedition − General James Wolfe • Battle of Quebec • France − Marquis de Montcalm • Military leader of New France • Saw defeat and death at Battle of Quebec
  9. 9. Battle Grounds • Lakes George and Champlain − Located in New York and reach up to Canada − Provided easy routes for food and supplies − Strategic position which allowed for much control of North America • French Bases − Montreal − Quebec • British Bases − Hudson River
  10. 10. Battle Grounds (Continued) • Fort Carillion (1958) − French base controlled by Montcalm − Lake Champlain − British attack are unsuccessful − Re-attack and take over − Renamed Fort Ticonderoga − Important military center
  11. 11. • Battle of Quebec (1759) − French under command of Montcalm − British under James Wolfe − Great Britain enters through St. Lawrence River − Plains of Abraham − British prevail • Treaty of Paris (1763) − Officially brought the French and Indian War and 7 Year’s War to an end Ending of the War
  12. 12. Outcomes of the War • Land − British gain everything east of the Mississippi − Spain receives land west of the Mississippi • Long term effects − British spending throughout the war causes for more taxes on the colonists • Helps sparks the flames of the Revolutionary War.
  13. 13. Works Cited Borneman, Walter R. The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America. Chicago: HaperCollins Publishers, 2006. Fowler, William M. Empires At War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763. New York: Walter Publishing Company, 2005. Global Security. Global Security: French and Indian War. 1 November 2010 <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/fr ench_indian.htm>.
  14. 14. Ohio History Central. Ohio history Central: French and Indian War. 1 November 1 2010 <http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php? rec=498>. US History. US History: French and Indian War. 1 November 2010 <http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/ frin.htm>.

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