British north america 2013


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British north america 2013

  1. 1. British North America p. 309-319
  2. 2. Loyalists • Americans who did not support the revolution. • 1 in 5 were strongly in favour of British rule. • Patriots like the Sons of Freedom abused, bullied, and even burned down the homes and farms of the loyalists. • When the rev. ended, many loyalists felt forced to leave their homes to go to British colonies. • 43,000 to Quebec & 8,000 to Maritimes. • 60,000 Canadiens already in Quebec.
  3. 3. • All the loyalists made the Canadiens uncomfortable. • The loyalists resented the French and did not want to adjust to French traditions. • In the West, they demanded their own gov’t. • The Constitutional Act of 1791 split Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
  4. 4. Joseph Brant • The Mohawk nation had strong links to the British. • Americans wanted their land. • Joseph Brant made several trips to England as an Ambassador for the Six Nations to gain lands for them to settle. • Were eventually given land along the Grand River in southern Ontario near where Brantford is today (north of Lake Eerie).
  5. 5. The Constitutional Act • Passed in 1791, divided Quebec into 2 new colonies – Upper & Lower Canada • LC kept French culture, Catholic religion, and French civil law. • UC was English-speaking and Protestant, with British laws. • Answer: What type of government did each new colony have? (p. 313)
  6. 6. Pioneer Society • Read Getting to Canada (p.314) • Make sure you know the bolded words in that section. • By 1815 there were 95,000 people in Upper Canada. • People came for the cheap land, especially from the United States. • Who were the “New Loyalists”?
  7. 7. John Graves Simcoe • Was the first governor of Upper Canada. • Answer: Was he a good or bad governor? Explain why.