Primer on Open Licenses and Intellectual Property

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Primer on Open Licenses and Intellectual Property

  1. 1. Kathleen Omollo, University of Michigan May 14, 2014 A Primer on Open Licenses and Intellectual Property aka “How to Share and Remix Legally and Easily”
  2. 2. Collaborate Window Overview Audio & Video Participants Chat Tech Support available at: 1-760-744-1150 ext. 1537, 1554
  3. 3. Welcome Please introduce yourself in the chat window Una Daly Community College Outreach Director OpenCourseWare Kathleen Omollo International Program Manager Office of Enabling Technologies University of Michigan
  4. 4. • Promote adoption of OER to enhance teaching and learning –Expanding access to education –Supporting professional development –Advancing the community college mission CCCOER Funded by the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation
  5. 5. 240+ Colleges in 17 States & Provinces
  6. 6. Education is about Sharing • Faculty share knowledge with students • Students share their understanding • Faculty share with colleagues Source: David Wiley, Why be Open, slideshare 2012
  7. 7. What is an Open License? • Free: Free to access online, free to print • Open: Reuse, Revise, Remix, Redistribute • Creative Commons: author licenses version for sharing but retains full copyright.
  8. 8. Open Licenses: Intellectual Property Kathleen Omollo International Program Manager Office of Enabling Technologies, Medical School
  9. 9. A Primer in Open Licenses and Intellectual Property: How to Share and Remix Legally and Easily Kathleen Ludewig Omollo Open.Michigan Initiative, University of Michigan May 14, 2014 – CCCOER Slides at: http://openmi.ch/cccoer14 Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Cover image CC:BY-SA Jessica Duensing (Flickr)
  10. 10. PATH Image CC:BY-NC-SA werkunz (Flickr) 11
  11. 11. Image CC:BY gmahender (Flickr) 12
  12. 12. Yes or No?: Any presentation slides that I would use in the classroom I could also publish as open educational resources simply by posting them online. 13
  13. 13. A. Free to access B. Publicly Available C. Terms of use that allows copies and adaptations D. A and B E. A, B, and C Which of these are qualities of open content? 14
  14. 14. A. Publication B. Copyright symbol © C. Registration D. B and C E. None of the above Which of these is necessary to copyright a work? 15
  15. 15. A. Tangible form? B. Effort? C. Creative Expression? D. Uniqueness? E. A and C Which of these is necessary to copyright a work? 16
  16. 16. Image CC:BY Ute Hagen (Flickr) Copyright is a bundle of 5 rights • Reproduce • Derive • Distribute • Display • Perform 17
  17. 17. A. Publicly available information B. Not under copyright (no rights reserved) C. A and B What is the “public domain”? 18
  18. 18. • Copyright • Trademark • Patents • Trade Secrets Types of Intellectual Property Image CC:BY-NC Cayusa (Flickr) 19
  19. 19. Image CC:BY OpenCage (Wikimedia Commons) What is your intent with your content? 20
  20. 20. Image CC:BY Orin Zebest (Flickr) All rights reserved limits use, automatically 21
  21. 21. Open licenses mean some rights reserved Image CC:BY-SA opensourceway (Flickr) Learn more at open.umich.edu/share/license 22
  22. 22. Control vs. propagation 23 "Which path is right for you? It depends on your objective. Educational content is meant to be shared and an All Rights Reserved license is going to reduce your reach. If you need to retain full control over your content in the hopes of getting paid, that’s OK. But don’t pin this to false hope. You’re not going to get paid unless you’ve built up sufficient authority. The more you restrict your content, the more you reduce your chances of building authority.” http://edtechtimes.com/2013/12/03/content-strategy- control-content/
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved (default) 24 “All rights reserved” is the default. 24
  24. 24. Option: Creative Commons (two C’s instead of 1 C) (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/) 25 “Some rights reserved” is an alternative. 25
  25. 25. Image CC:BY Paul Albertella (Flickr) Open licenses enable revisions, remixes… 26
  26. 26. such as copies… Image CC:BY-SA opensourceway (Flickr) 27
  27. 27. to online, offline, semi-connected, print…28
  28. 28. and translations… Image CC:BY NC SA Tobias Mikkelsen (Flickr) 29
  29. 29. Image CC:BY Tome Loh (Flickr) or other transformations. 30
  30. 30. e.g. Converting formats from laptop… Image CC:BY NC University of Ghana 31
  31. 31. http://open.umich.edu/blog/2012/01/31/mo bile-a-prototype-spurred-by-the-hype/ To mobile, Image CC:BY NC University of Ghana 32
  32. 32. Pause for Questions Dkscully (flickr) 33
  33. 33. What is a license? Licenses let people know how they may use a copyrighted work. Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (Flickr) 34
  34. 34. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. BY :: Attribution 35
  35. 35. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: Noncommercial 36
  36. 36. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. SA :: Share Alike 37
  37. 37. You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No derivatives 38
  38. 38. Custom license example 39 “This work is licensed under a Creative Common Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This license is available at creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc-sa/3.0/. You can see what the author considers commercial and non-commercial uses of this material as well as license exemptions in the Appendix titled Copyright Detail…” “I have added this section of the document to describe specific situations where I am giving my permission in advance to use the material in this book in situations that some might consider commercial.” Python for Informatics: Exploring Information, Chuck Severance CC BY NC SA, http://www.pythonlearn.com/book_008.pdf. Slides 29 - 31 contain excerpts from the copyright detail.
  39. 39. Custom license example 40 “ • If you are printing a limited number of copies of all or part of this book for use in a course (e.g. like a coursepack), then you are granted CC-BY license to these materials for that purpose. • If you are a teacher at a university and you translate this book into a language other than English and teach using the translated book, then you can contact me and I will granted you a CC-BY-SA license to these materials with respect to the publication of your translation. In particular you will be permitted to sell the resulting translated book commercially. If you are intending to translate the book, you may want to contact me so we can make sure that you have all of the related course materials so you can translate them as well.”
  40. 40. Custom license example 41 “Of course, you are welcome to contact me and ask for permission if these clauses are not sufficient. In all cases, permission to reuse and remix this material will be granted as long as there is clear added value or benefit to students or teachers that will accrue as a result of the new work.”
  41. 41. How can you simply integrate open licenses into your work? 42
  42. 42. 1. License your own work. 2. Use openly licensed works. 3. Attribute authors of the works from step 2. 4. Share your work publicly online. http://open.umich.edu/share 43
  43. 43. Kathleen Ludewig Omollo University of Michigan - Open.Michigan Initiative Audience: University of Nairobi School of Public Health Download slides: http://openmi.ch/uon-aug2013 Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. 44 Introduction to Open Licenses Open Education for Collaboration, Flexibility, and Global Visibility
  44. 44. Phalaenopsis audreyjm529 orchis galilaea CC:BY-SA judy_breck (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Angraecum viguieri GNU free documentation orchi (wikipedia) Author, Title, Source, License Attributions within page 45
  45. 45. Attributions page at end Title slide: CC: Seo2 | Relativo & Absoluto (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/seo2/2446816477/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Slide 1 CC:BY-SA Jot Powers (wikimedia commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bounty_hunter_2.JPG | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Slide 2 CC: BY-NC Brent and MariLynn (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/brent_nashville/2960420853/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en Slide 3 http://www.newvideo.com/productdetail.html?productid=NV-AAE-71919 Slide 4 Public Domain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hummer-H3.JPG Slide 5 Source: Undetermined from a variety of searches on Monster Truck Documentary Slide 6 Source: Mega-RC.com http://www.mega- rc.com/MRCImages/Asscd_Mnstr_GT_ShockOPT.jpg Slide 7 CC:BY-NC GregRob (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregrob/2139442260/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en Slide 8 CC:BY metaphor91 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en 46
  46. 46. Interested in additional training and practice? 47
  47. 47. 48
  48. 48. Attribution Key for more information see: http://open.umich.edu/wiki/AttributionPolicy Use + Share + Adapt Make Your Own Assessment Creative Commons – Attribution License Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License GNU – Free Documentation License Creative Commons – Zero Waiver Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (17 USC § 102(b)) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term. Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (17 USC § 105) Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain. Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (17 USC § 107) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair. To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair. { Content the copyright holder, author, or law permits you to use, share and adapt. } { Content Open.Michigan believes can be used, shared, and adapted because it is ineligible for copyright. } { Content Open.Michigan has used under a Fair Use determination. } 49
  49. 49. Takeaways 50
  50. 50. • 1 - All rights reserved is the default. • 2 - When you share publicly, you need permission. • 3 - Open licenses are an alternative to share effectively and to amplify the reach and visibility of your work. Takeaways 51
  51. 51. Email: open.michigan@umich.edu Website: open.michigan@umich.edu Facebook: http://openmi.ch/mediafb Download these slides: http://openmi.ch/cccoer14 Presentation by Kathleen Ludewig Omollo. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Closing This presentation builds upon slides and discussions with other Open.Michigan team members, including: Kathleen Omollo, Emily Puckett Rodgers, Pieter Kleymeer, Garin Fons, Greg Grossmeier, Susan Topol, Dave Malicke, Ted Hanss, and Erik Hofer. 52
  52. 52. • Find & Adopt open textbook workshops • Understanding open licenses • Open textbook development workflow • Online accessibility • Faculty and student surveys • Access to community of OER practitioners & experts Need Help Getting Started? We can help …
  53. 53. Stay in the Loop • Upcoming Conferences - CA Online Teaching Conference (June 20-21) - Open Education Conference (Nov 19-20) • CCCOER Advisory group meets monthly – http://oerconsortium.org • Webinars restart in fall
  54. 54. Una Daly: unatdaly@ocwconsortium.org Kathleen Omollo: kludewig@umich.edu Thank you for coming!! Questions
  55. 55. Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa Photo credits: Summer Scowl at West Wittering CC-BY-NC by skipnclick Image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/skipnclick/1749768262 License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/

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