Creative Commons Licences for ELT Materials
Presenters and Moderators:

Iwona Gniadek and Margarita Berezyanskaya

Creativ...
Disclaimer:
We are not legal experts on CC
open licences or the Copyright
Act. We are practitioners who
wanted share the f...
Agenda
• Types of CC open licences
• Where to look for CC content
• Open Educational Resources
(OER)
Scenario
• e-card for learners
• 10 images
• publish online
Copyright: the right to copy
• Exists automatically
• All rights reserved
• Contact the creator
for the permission.
Always...
Copyright Act R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42
[Assented to 29th June, 2012 BILL C-11]
http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/FullTe...
Do you work
under the
authority of an
educational
institution?
Are you sure?
YES
Do you need
someone’s work
available on t...
Creative Commons Licences
• enable legal sharing
• provide the way to
control intellectual

property
• maximize benefits o...
CC Video
“Millions of people all
around the planet are
working together to
build a richer, better,
more vibrant culture,
u...
Scenario

Image is a derivative of:
EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
Scenario

Images are derivatives of:
EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
Scenario

Images are derivatives of:
EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
CC Licences: Symbols

Images are derivatives of:
Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
CC Licences: Symbols

Requires
acknowledgement of the
author/source

Images are derivatives of:
Creative Commons: free pho...
CC Licences: Symbols

Requires
acknowledgement of the
author/source

Usage is
allowed only
for noncommercial
purposes

Ima...
CC Licences: Symbols

Requires
acknowledgement of the
author/source

Usage is
allowed only
for noncommercial
purposes

Ima...
CC Licences: Symbols

Requires
acknowledgement of the
author/source

Usage is
allowed only
for noncommercial
purposes

Ima...
CC Licences: Types

Image is a derivative of:
Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
(in)Compatibility Issues

Image is a derivative of:

Images are derivatives of:

Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoe...
(in)Compatibility Issues

Image is a derivative of:

Images are derivatives of:

Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoe...
(in)Compatibility Issues

Image is a derivative of:

Images are derivatives of:

Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoe...
(in)Compatibility Issues

Image is a derivative of:

Images are derivatives of:

Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoe...
Compatibility Chart

Image is a derivative of:
Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
CC Compatibility Wizards
http://www.web2rights.
com/OERIPRSupport/cr
eativecommons/

Image is a derivative of:
Creative Co...
CC Compatibility Wizards
http://www.web2rights.
com/OERIPRSupport/cr
eativecommons/

Image is a derivative of:
Creative Co...
CC Compatibility Wizards
http://www.web2rights.
com/OERIPRSupport/cr
eativecommons/

Image is a derivative of:
Creative Co...
How To Attribute

Image is a derivative of:
Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
How To Attribute
How to look for CC works
How to look for CC works

http://loro.open.ac.uk/
How to look for CC works

www.flickr.com
How to look for CC works

Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
How to look for CC works

Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
How to look for CC works

Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
CC for ELT

http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltpics/sets/
How to look for CC works

http://creativecommons.org/
How to look for CC works

http://creativecommons.org/
CC Content

http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Content_Directories
Open Educational Resources
Open Educational Resources
• “…educational materials, technologies
and resources offered freely and
openly for anyone to u...
Characteristics of a good OER
“A good OER is:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

findable – it can be in multiple locations
clearly descri...
Characteristics of a good OER
“A good OER is:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

findable – it can be in multiple locations
clearly descri...
Google Trends

#oer14

#oer
1.
2.

http://bit.ly/1e8x1hf

3.
4.
5.

http://oer14.org/

#oer14

Why open matters in education
Defining open educational...
OER

http://bit.ly/1mmHZEs
OER Conference

http://oer14.org/

#oer14

#oer
Have Questions? Contact us!
Margarita Berezyanskaya
Skype:
E-mail:
Twitter:
Blog:

margarita_myenglishonline
mberezyanskay...
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rEALize14 Creative Commons for ELT materials

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Presented by Iwona Gniadek and Margarita Berezyanskaya at rEALize14, the 1st national conference for ELT professionals in Canada http://www.myenglishonline.ca/for-teachers/realize/

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  • As ESL teachers we constantly look for materials to adapt and use in our classes. in this session we’d like to talk to you about open content licencing, where to look for open resources and at the same time encourage you to share your resources so we as a teaching community avoid re-inventing the wheel.
  • Let’s start with a little brainstorming activity. It’s the New Year and you want to send an e-card to your learners or perhaps from your class to the whole school. You want to include some text and images. Finally you want to send it by email or publish it on your blog, wiki, etc. How would you go about creating such an e-card?
  • When you find something out on the web, the chances are very high that it is copyrighted, even if it doesn’t have a copyright sign. The copyright exists automatically when an original work is created.Copyright grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution. In the simplest terms, "copyright" means "the right to copy." In general, only the copyright owner, often the creator of the work, is allowed to reproduce the work or to permit anyone else to do so. Remember if the work is copyrighted you have to contact the creator/CR owner for the permission to use or share this work. Always.
  • Assented to Bill C-11 (dated June 29 2012) the Copyright law in Canada gives right to an educational institution or a person acting under the authority of one to reproduce works available through Internet for educational or training purposes. http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/FullText.html
  • Before you use any work available on the web, please answer the following questions in order not to infringe the Copyright Act.Do you work under the authority of the educational institution?If yes, please make sure your program/school can be defined as an EI according to the copyright act (you can find the definition in the INTERPRETATION section of the act)Do you use this work for educational or training purposes?If you answered NO, then you have to contact the author for the permission.Is it possible to skip intermediaries? Is there a less painful and time consuming procedure?
  • Creative Commons, the movement that encourages creative people to offer up their creative works.Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Their licenses provide a simple way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice. CC licenses let you easily change your copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.” Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright and enable you to modify your copyright.Creative Commons helps you share your knowledge and creativity with the world.
  • CC has a nice video explaining the main concepts of the CC movement. http://creativecommons.org/videos/wanna-work-together
  • English Online Inc. created a NY’s e-card for our clients using open educational resources.We found out that CC licenses were the ideal solution for EO e-Card: they gave us rights to share, modify and build upon other’s works and they gave us a tool to safely share our creativity with the world.Pei-Jean Towes, Learner Registration and Website Assistant at EO, created this e-card inspired by works of other people who licensed their works under CC licenses.
  • Pei-Jeangave credit to the authors whose works she re-mixed.
  • And she licensed her work under a certain CC license. Let’s see how CC licenses work.
  • There are 4 symbols used in CC licenses. Do you know what they mean? Can you guess? Any suggestions.BY =indicate author’s name, title of the work, give a link to the original work. NC = you can use smth for non-commercial purposes only. You can’t make profit from your creation.ND = no changes are allowed. you can’t build upon this work. Share it as it is.SA= license your new creation under the identical terms
  • Various combinations of these 4 symbols give you 6 types of licensesPD: If you see this symbol, or CC0, it means that the author waived all rights and placed a work in the public domain. you can do anything you want with this work even without attributing to the author.BY: The less restrictive license. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the work, even commercially, as long as they credit the author for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered.BY SA: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. Even if you used a single image in your PPT licensed under SA license, your work must have the same license.ExampleBY-NC-SA: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.BY NC: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commerciallyBY ND: This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole with the credit to the authorBY-NC-ND: This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.What if you need to remix works licensed under different types of licenses?It turned out CC have some compatibility issues. So you can not blend resources licensed under certain licenses together .
  • These two licences are compatible.
  • BY+BY-SA+BY-NC are not compatible. You wouldn’t be able to mix resources under those licences in your resource.
  • BY-NC-SA + BY-SA + BY-NC not compatibleYou wouldn’t be able to mix resources under those licences in your resource.
  • BY+BY-ND not compatibleYou wouldn’t be able to mix resources under those licences in your resource.
  • The chart details the CC license(s) you may apply to your rights in an adaptation. The green boxes indicate where compatibility exists between licenses. If the box is yellow, you should proceed with caution. CC does not recommend using these combinations, although they are technically permitted by the terms of the license.
  • OER IPR Support Project (delivered by several organizations including Creative Commons UK) created CC compatibility wizards. Whenever you have any doubts concerning what license to choose for your creation or what works can be remixed, you can refer to these tools.http://www.web2rights.com/OERIPRSupport/creativecommons/
  • Since 2004, all current licences require attribution of the original author.[5] The attribution must be given to "the best of your ability using the information available".[12] Generally this implies the following:Cite the author's name, screen name, or user ID, etc. If the work is being published on the Internet, it is nice to link that name to the person's profile page, if such a page exists.Cite the work's title or name (if applicable), if such a thing exists. If the work is being published on the Internet, it is nice to link the name or title directly to the original work.Cite the specific CC license the work is under. If the work is being published on the Internet, it is nice if the license citation links to the license on the CC website.Mention if the work is a derivative work or adaptation, Include any copyright notices (if applicable). If the work itself contains any copyright notices placed there by the copyright holder, those notices must be left intact.
  • CC licences have a flexible attribution requirement, so there is not necessarily one correct way to provide attribution.
  • Funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Tutela is the national repository of ELT materials. It’s also a community of practice where ESL practitioners can socialize and exchange experiences and teaching practices.
  • LORO – languages open resources onlineHosted by the Open University, offers a collections of resources for various languages, free signup
  • If you are looking for images, Flickr is a good place to use because it has an advanced search and you can filter your search by content under Creative Commons licences.
  • Pinpoint the attribution
  • Dan’s licence incompatible with this PPT CC licence. Permission from the author granted.
  • #ELTPICS photostream created for ELT teachers on Flickr.com There are close to 17K images there organized in different sets ready to use for ESL teachers around the world. All images are under BY-NC open licence so you can use, distribute, build upon them for non-commerical purposes only.Because this presentation is under BY-SA , we weren’t able to incorporate any of the ELTpics in it.
  • Have you heard the term? What’s your understanding of OER – how would you define the term?
  • What’s so special about OER?a simple idea lies behind OER– that you license your content in a manner that explicitly encourages use and adaptation
  • This unit is offered by the Open University’s Open Learn platform. It’s a self-study unit so you can do it anytime anywhere.
  • Started in 2010, in its 5th yearThe conference themes are focused on OER as a collaborative catalyst for building communities of open practice. Building and linking communities of open practiceMOOCs and open coursesAcademic practice, development and pedagogyOpen policy, research, scholarship and accessStudents as users and co-creatorsEven though it’s a face-to-face conference, we can follow it on Twitter.
  • rEALize14 Creative Commons for ELT materials

    1. 1. Creative Commons Licences for ELT Materials Presenters and Moderators: Iwona Gniadek and Margarita Berezyanskaya Creative Commons Licences for ELT Materials by English Online Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
    2. 2. Disclaimer: We are not legal experts on CC open licences or the Copyright Act. We are practitioners who wanted share the findings from our foray into the open licencing world.
    3. 3. Agenda • Types of CC open licences • Where to look for CC content • Open Educational Resources (OER)
    4. 4. Scenario • e-card for learners • 10 images • publish online
    5. 5. Copyright: the right to copy • Exists automatically • All rights reserved • Contact the creator for the permission. Always. Image is a derivative of: Folklore NullElf: burning copyright by Martin Fisch
    6. 6. Copyright Act R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42 [Assented to 29th June, 2012 BILL C-11] http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/FullText.html Work available through Internet 30.04 (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), it is not an infringement of copyright for an educational institution, or a person acting under the authority of one, to do any of the following acts for educational or training purposes in respect of a work or other subject-matter that is available through the Internet: (a) reproduce it; (b) communicate it to the public by telecommunication, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority; (c) perform it in public, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority; or (d) do any other act that is necessary for the purpose of the acts referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c). Conditions: Subsection (1) does not apply unless the educational institution or person acting under its authority, in doing any of the acts described in that subsection in respect of the work or other subject-matter, mentions the following: (a) the source; and (b) if given in the source, the name of (i) the author, in the case of a work, (ii) the performer, in the case of a performer’s performance, (iii) the maker, in the case of a sound recording, and (iv) the broadcaster, in the case of a communication signal.
    7. 7. Do you work under the authority of an educational institution? Are you sure? YES Do you need someone’s work available on the web for educational or training purposes? YES You can use! (mention the source and the author) Contact the author for the permission! Copyright Act R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42 [Assented to 29th June, 2012 BILL C-11] http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/FullText.html Work available through Internet 30.04 (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), it is not an infringement of copyright for an educational institution, or a person acting under the authority of one, to do any of the following acts for educational or training purposes in respect of a work or other subject-matter that is available through the Internet: (a) reproduce it; (b) communicate it to the public by telecommunication, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority; (c) perform it in public, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority; or (d) do any other act that is necessary for the purpose of the acts referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c). Conditions: Subsection (1) does not apply unless the educational institution or person acting under its authority, in doing any of the acts described in that subsection in respect of the work or other subject-matter, mentions the following: (a) the source; and (b) if given in the source, the name of (i) the author, in the case of a work, (ii) the performer, in the case of a performer’s performance, (iii) the maker, in the case of a sound recording, and (iv) the broadcaster, in the case of a communication signal.
    8. 8. Creative Commons Licences • enable legal sharing • provide the way to control intellectual property • maximize benefits of OER Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons BBB by Steren Giannini
    9. 9. CC Video “Millions of people all around the planet are working together to build a richer, better, more vibrant culture, using Creative Commons”. http://creativecommons.org/videos/wanna-work-together Image is a derivative of: Wanna Work together by Creative Commons
    10. 10. Scenario Image is a derivative of: EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
    11. 11. Scenario Images are derivatives of: EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
    12. 12. Scenario Images are derivatives of: EnglishOnline_2014 NY e-Card by English Online Inc.
    13. 13. CC Licences: Symbols Images are derivatives of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
    14. 14. CC Licences: Symbols Requires acknowledgement of the author/source Images are derivatives of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
    15. 15. CC Licences: Symbols Requires acknowledgement of the author/source Usage is allowed only for noncommercial purposes Images are derivatives of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
    16. 16. CC Licences: Symbols Requires acknowledgement of the author/source Usage is allowed only for noncommercial purposes Images are derivatives of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter No changes are allowed. You can’t build upon this work.
    17. 17. CC Licences: Symbols Requires acknowledgement of the author/source Usage is allowed only for noncommercial purposes Images are derivatives of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter No changes are allowed. You can’t build upon this work. Usage is allowed if new creations are licensed under the identical terms
    18. 18. CC Licences: Types Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
    19. 19. (in)Compatibility Issues Image is a derivative of: Images are derivatives of: Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoeppner Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
    20. 20. (in)Compatibility Issues Image is a derivative of: Images are derivatives of: Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoeppner Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
    21. 21. (in)Compatibility Issues Image is a derivative of: Images are derivatives of: Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoeppner Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
    22. 22. (in)Compatibility Issues Image is a derivative of: Images are derivatives of: Compatibility issues by Kristina D.C. Hoeppner Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
    23. 23. Compatibility Chart Image is a derivative of: Compatibility chart by Creative Commons
    24. 24. CC Compatibility Wizards http://www.web2rights. com/OERIPRSupport/cr eativecommons/ Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons Licence Compatibility Wizard by Rob Stillwell
    25. 25. CC Compatibility Wizards http://www.web2rights. com/OERIPRSupport/cr eativecommons/ Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons Licence Compatibility Wizard by Rob Stillwell
    26. 26. CC Compatibility Wizards http://www.web2rights. com/OERIPRSupport/cr eativecommons/ Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons Licence Compatibility Wizard by Rob Stillwell
    27. 27. How To Attribute Image is a derivative of: Creative Commons: free photos for bloggers by Foter
    28. 28. How To Attribute
    29. 29. How to look for CC works
    30. 30. How to look for CC works http://loro.open.ac.uk/
    31. 31. How to look for CC works www.flickr.com
    32. 32. How to look for CC works Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
    33. 33. How to look for CC works Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
    34. 34. How to look for CC works Photo by Dan http://www.flickr.com/photos/gadgetdan/6126543031/
    35. 35. CC for ELT http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltpics/sets/
    36. 36. How to look for CC works http://creativecommons.org/
    37. 37. How to look for CC works http://creativecommons.org/
    38. 38. CC Content http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Content_Directories
    39. 39. Open Educational Resources
    40. 40. Open Educational Resources • “…educational materials, technologies and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licences to remix, improve and redistribute.” • http://www.open.edu/openlearn/education/creating-open-educational-resources/content-section-2
    41. 41. Characteristics of a good OER “A good OER is: • • • • • • • • • findable – it can be in multiple locations clearly described clearly licensed (normally through Creative Commons) from a source you trust easy to modify free-standing – it does not assume knowledge of other resources free of copyright content being used by/recommended by people like you imperfect – it just needs to work for you.” Open University http://bit.ly/19Ltf1q
    42. 42. Characteristics of a good OER “A good OER is: • • • • • • • • • findable – it can be in multiple locations clearly described clearly licensed (normally through Creative Commons) from a source you trust easy to modify free-standing – it does not assume knowledge of other resources free of copyright content being used by/recommended by people like you imperfect – it just needs to work for you.” http://bit.ly/19Ltf1q
    43. 43. Google Trends #oer14 #oer
    44. 44. 1. 2. http://bit.ly/1e8x1hf 3. 4. 5. http://oer14.org/ #oer14 Why open matters in education Defining open educational resources Your educational rights to copy Refining your copyright using Creative Commons Choosing the right open licence #oer
    45. 45. OER http://bit.ly/1mmHZEs
    46. 46. OER Conference http://oer14.org/ #oer14 #oer
    47. 47. Have Questions? Contact us! Margarita Berezyanskaya Skype: E-mail: Twitter: Blog: margarita_myenglishonline mberezyanskaya@myenglishonline.ca @ber_margarita Teaching with Technology Iwona Gniadek Skype: E-mail: Twitter: Blog: iwona_myenglishonline igniadek@myenglishonline.ca @yvetteinmb zooming out on learning

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