Southern Plantations & Slavery

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Southern Plantations & Slavery

  1. 1. UNIT 5.2 PLANTATIONS AND SLAVERY
  2. 2. COTTON GIN – 1793 invention that makes the cotton cleaning process easier 1
  3. 3. THE COTTON GIN BY ELI WHITNEY
  4. 4. THE COTTON GIN
  5. 5. Before one person could clean one pound of cotton a day Now one person could clean 50 pounds of cotton a day 1
  6. 6. SLAVE LIFE ON A SOUTHERN COTTON PLANTATION
  7. 7. SLAVE POPULATION IN 1830
  8. 8. Ways that the Cotton Gin changed life in the south: 1) Triggered more cotton production in the west 2
  9. 9. 2) Made cotton the KING crop of the south 2
  10. 10. SLAVE CROPS IN THE SOUTH - 1860
  11. 11. 3) More Native Americans were moved off their land so it could be used to grow cotton 2
  12. 12. 4) Slavery continues to be the major source of labor and more slaves are needed 2
  13. 13. Most of the slaves in the South were on huge plantations, not smaller farms 3
  14. 14. SLAVE LIFE ON A SOUTHERN COTTON PLANTATION
  15. 15. In 1840 about 33% of the population in the South were slaves 4 About 1 in 3 were slaves
  16. 16. In 1840, about 8% of African Americans in the South were free 5
  17. 17. African Americans used religion, friendships and music to endure the cruel conditions of slavery 6
  18. 18. SPIRITUALS – religious folk songs 7 “ Swing Low, Sweet Chariot”
  19. 19. Families were important to slaves 8 But families were often divided and split up
  20. 20. NAT TURNER – an African American who believed that God wanted him free the slaves in any manner possible 9
  21. 21. NaT Turner REBELLION
  22. 22. Nat Turner organized a slave rebellion in Virginia, 1831 The rebellion failed and killed 55 white men, women and children 10
  23. 23. Discovering NaT Turner
  24. 24. The Turner Rebellion made southern slave owners even more fearful to revolts and cracked down on the slaves – about 200 slaves killed in revenge 11
  25. 25. THE END

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