American History   Mr. Ladd
Early Emancipation in the North
Missouri Compromise, 1820
Characteristics of the        Antebellum South1. Primarily agrarian.2. Economic power shifted from the   “upper South” to ...
Southern Society (1850)              “Slavocracy”6,000,000    [plantation owners]             The “Plain Folk”            ...
Southern Population
Graniteville Textile Co.   Founded in 1845, it was the South’s firstattempt at industrialization in Graniteville, SC.
Southern A griculture
Slaves Picking Cottonon a Mississippi Plantation
Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
Changes in Cotton Production                1820       1860
Value of Cotton ExportsAs % of All US Exports
“Hauling the W hole Week’s         Pickings”W illiam Henry Brown, 1842
Slaves Workingin a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823
Slave Auction Notice, 1823
Slave Auction: Charleston, SC-1856
Slave Accoutrements                Slave Master                   BrandsSlave muzzle
Anti-Slave Pamphlet
Slave AccoutrementsSlave leg irons    Slave tag, SC     Slave shoes
Distribution of Slave Labor in 1850
Slave-Owning Population (1850)
Slaves posing  in front oftheir cabin on a Southern  plantation.
Tara – Plantation Reality or          Myth?   Hollywood’s Version?
A Real Georgia Plantation
Scarlet and Mammie (Hollywood A gain!)
A Real Mammie & Her Charge
T he Southern “Belle”
A Slave Family
T he Ledger of John W hiteJ Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr.   Covington, St. Louis, $425.00J Brooks Selby, 19, $750....
US Laws Regarding Slavery1. U. S. Constitution:     * 3/5s compromise [I.2]     * fugitive slave clause [IV.2]2. 1793  Fu...
Southern Slavery--> An Aberration? J 1780s: 1st antislavery society created in Phila. J By 1804: slavery eliminated from l...
Slavery Was Less Efficientin the U. S. than ElsewhereJ   High cost of keeping slaves from    escaping.J   GOAL  raise the...
Slave Resistance1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a   charade in front of whites [the innocent,   laughing black man ...
Slave Resistance2. Refusal to work hard.3. Isolated acts of sabotage.4. Escape via the Underground Railroad.
Runaway Slave Ads
Quilt Patterns as Secret MessagesThe Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left,alerted escapees to gather up tools andprepare to ...
Slave Rebellions T hroughout the          Americas
Slave Rebellions    in the Antebellum SouthGabriel Prosser     1800                      1822
Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South:                    Nat Turner, 1831
T he Culture of Slavery1. Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]:       * more emotional worship services.       * ne...
Southern Pro-Slavery          Propaganda
Antebellum South. American History CTP.
Antebellum South. American History CTP.
Antebellum South. American History CTP.
Antebellum South. American History CTP.
Antebellum South. American History CTP.
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Antebellum South. American History CTP.

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Antebellum South. American History CTP.

  1. 1. American History Mr. Ladd
  2. 2. Early Emancipation in the North
  3. 3. Missouri Compromise, 1820
  4. 4. Characteristics of the Antebellum South1. Primarily agrarian.2. Economic power shifted from the “upper South” to the “lower South.”3. “Cotton Is King!” * 1860 5 mil. bales a yr. (57% of total US exports).4. Very slow development of industrialization.5. Rudimentary financial system.6. Inadequate transportation system.
  5. 5. Southern Society (1850) “Slavocracy”6,000,000 [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] Black Freemen 250,000 Black Slaves 3,200,000 Total US Population  23,000,000 [9,250,000 in the South = 40%]
  6. 6. Southern Population
  7. 7. Graniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s firstattempt at industrialization in Graniteville, SC.
  8. 8. Southern A griculture
  9. 9. Slaves Picking Cottonon a Mississippi Plantation
  10. 10. Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
  11. 11. Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860
  12. 12. Value of Cotton ExportsAs % of All US Exports
  13. 13. “Hauling the W hole Week’s Pickings”W illiam Henry Brown, 1842
  14. 14. Slaves Workingin a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823
  15. 15. Slave Auction Notice, 1823
  16. 16. Slave Auction: Charleston, SC-1856
  17. 17. Slave Accoutrements Slave Master BrandsSlave muzzle
  18. 18. Anti-Slave Pamphlet
  19. 19. Slave AccoutrementsSlave leg irons Slave tag, SC Slave shoes
  20. 20. Distribution of Slave Labor in 1850
  21. 21. Slave-Owning Population (1850)
  22. 22. Slaves posing in front oftheir cabin on a Southern plantation.
  23. 23. Tara – Plantation Reality or Myth? Hollywood’s Version?
  24. 24. A Real Georgia Plantation
  25. 25. Scarlet and Mammie (Hollywood A gain!)
  26. 26. A Real Mammie & Her Charge
  27. 27. T he Southern “Belle”
  28. 28. A Slave Family
  29. 29. T he Ledger of John W hiteJ Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington, St. Louis, $425.00J Brooks Selby, 19, $750.00 Left at Home – CrazyJ Fred McAfee, 22, $800.00 Sold to Pepidal, Donaldsonville, $1200.00J Howard Barnett, 25, $750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of jail, $540.00J Harriett Barnett, 17, $550.00 Sold to Davenport and Jones, Lafourche, $900.00
  30. 30. US Laws Regarding Slavery1. U. S. Constitution: * 3/5s compromise [I.2] * fugitive slave clause [IV.2]2. 1793  Fugitive Slave Act.3. 1850  stronger Fugitive Slave Act.
  31. 31. Southern Slavery--> An Aberration? J 1780s: 1st antislavery society created in Phila. J By 1804: slavery eliminated from last northern state. J 1807: the legal termination of the slave trade, enforced by the Royal Navy. J 1820s: newly indep. Republics of Central & So. America declared their slaves free. J 1833: slavery abolished throughout the British Empire. J 1844: slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies. J 1861: the serfs of Russia were emancipated.
  32. 32. Slavery Was Less Efficientin the U. S. than ElsewhereJ High cost of keeping slaves from escaping.J GOAL  raise the “exit cost.” u Slave patrols. u Southern Black Codes. u Cut off a toe or a foot.
  33. 33. Slave Resistance1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black man caricature – bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc.].
  34. 34. Slave Resistance2. Refusal to work hard.3. Isolated acts of sabotage.4. Escape via the Underground Railroad.
  35. 35. Runaway Slave Ads
  36. 36. Quilt Patterns as Secret MessagesThe Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left,alerted escapees to gather up tools andprepare to flee; the Drunkard Pathdesign, on the right, warned escapees notto follow a straight route.
  37. 37. Slave Rebellions T hroughout the Americas
  38. 38. Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum SouthGabriel Prosser 1800 1822
  39. 39. Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831
  40. 40. T he Culture of Slavery1. Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]: * more emotional worship services. * negro spirituals.2. “Pidgin” or Gullah languages.3. Nuclear family with extended kin links, where possible.4. Importance of music in their lives. [esp. spirituals].
  41. 41. Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda

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