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The Middle Colonies


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The Middle Colonies

  1. 1. The Middle Colonies<br />Founding and Life<br />
  2. 2. Essential Questions – Middle Colonies<br />Why were the Middle Colonies founded?<br />How did the Middle Colonies differ from the New England Colonies?<br />Who were influential people in the Middle Colonies?<br />
  3. 3. Vocabluary<br />Patroons:<br />Proprietary Colony:<br />Mercantilism:<br />Import:<br />Export:<br />Legislature:<br />Cash Crop:<br />Tenant Farmer:<br />Backcountry:<br />Apprentice:<br />
  4. 4. Middle Colonies - Location<br />
  5. 5. New YorkFounding<br />Let’s start with New Netherland…<br />The Dutch East India Company ruled the colony<br />Governor had near absolute control<br />Land organized into manors owned by Patroons<br />
  6. 6. New YorkFounding<br />Peter Stuyvesant…<br />Very strict governor of New Netherland<br />Carried on costly wars with Indians<br />Had to surrender to the English in 1664<br />
  7. 7. New YorkFounding<br />Under English rule…<br />King Charles gave New Netherland to his brother – the Duke of YORK<br />Ruled much like New Netherland<br />In 1683, New York has its own assembly<br />
  8. 8. New JerseyFounding<br />The Duke’s gift…<br />1664 the Duke of York gave two friends part of New York<br />New Jersey is established as a proprietary colony<br />Proprietors…<br />ran the colony as long as they gave the king a yearly payment and accepted his authority<br />divided up the land and rented it<br />Made laws that were in line with English law<br />
  9. 9. New JerseyFounding<br />Fertile land and freedom...<br />New Jersey occupied fertile land between the Delaware and Atlantic<br />People of many nations and religions settled in New Jersey<br />1702 New Jersey became a royal colony<br />Directly under the King’s control<br />New Jersey had a charter that established<br />Religious freedom<br />An assembly that voted<br />
  10. 10. PennsylvaniaFounding<br />A holy experiment…<br />In 1682, William Penn established Pennsylvania<br />The name means Penn’s woods<br />Established so Quakers could worship freely<br />
  11. 11. PennsylvaniaFounding<br />The Quakers…<br />Believed that all men and women were equal in God’s eyes<br />No need for church leaders<br />Would not pay taxes to Church of England<br />Against fancy parts of religion<br />Against war<br />Persecuted in England and New England<br />Were tolerant of other religions and people<br />
  12. 12. PennsylvaniaFounding<br />Government…<br />Penn wrote the Frame of Government<br />Explained how the colony would be run<br />A representative assembly to make laws<br />White men who owned land or paid taxes could vote<br />Land should be bought from the Indians<br />
  13. 13. PennsylvaniaFounding<br />Philadelphia…<br />Capital of the colony<br />Means brotherly love in Greek<br />Built on the Delaware river<br />City was intended to have fields, gardens, and parks<br />Grew into the most prosperous city in the English colonies<br />
  14. 14. English Colonies<br />England’s purpose…<br />According to England the colonies might exist for…<br />A place for discontents<br />A test to see if it could be successful<br />To make money<br />Ultimately – THE COLONIES EXISTED TO FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PARENT COUNTRY!!!<br />Mercantilism<br />
  15. 15. English Colonies<br />England passed the Navigation Acts<br />Meant to enrich England<br />Controlled trade with the colonies<br />Merchant ships had to be from colonies or England<br />Ships must stop in England to pay taxes<br />Sailors must be from England or the colonies<br />Certain goods could only be sold in England<br />Good and bad for colonies<br />Protecting their investment…<br />