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Gold rush presentation 1


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Gold rush presentation 1

  1. 1. Gold Rush Presentation 1 Taylor Queen
  2. 2. Leading up to Gold Rush… US-Mexican War: California under loose control of Mexican Government Population: 100,000 Native Americans in Sierra Nevada Mountains, 10,000 Californios in towns and ranches, 2000 US Citizens, and a few hundred Europeans Californios lived on huge ranches that had been granted by the Mexican Government. February 2, 1848: Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo signed to end the US-Mexican War
  3. 3. GOLD!! James w. Marshall discovered gold on January 24, 1848 He worked for Jon Sutter—a major landowner trying to create an agricultural empire in California News that James Marshall had spotted gold at Sutter’s Mill spread to San Francisco first in May of 1848 People from the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), Oregon, Mexico, Chile, Peru, and China headed for California in Summer-Fall 1848 People along the East Coast were the last to hear about the Gold Rush.
  4. 4. Gold and Goodbyes Thousands of men left their homes and families behind and headed for California Women would move in with relatives or fended for themselves Children wrote letters to their fathers traveling to California The Gold Rush really took off in 1849
  5. 5. Journey to California By 1849, the non-native population grew to 100,000 people. Mainly men from all over the world attempted journeys to California to mine for gold and make their families rich. There were three main routes the forty-niners took to California The Oregon-California Trail The Panama Shortcut Around Cape Horn These three routes contributed to Westward Expansion in the US
  6. 6. Chart of Westward Expansion
  7. 7. Farmers Search for Prosperity Even a prosperous farmer might make two-three hundred dollars a year Mining for gold presented the chance of taking $25 - $35 of gold a day. Gold was free to anyone who could find it Businesspeople in California began making significant money by charging miners for supplies and services.
  8. 8. Competition for the Gold Competition for gold became greater and greater Lack of success in mining for Americans began to be blamed on foreign miners rom Mexico, Chile, Peru, and China Violence towards them became quite prominent during the gold rush Many miners ended up going home penniless Even John Sutter and James Marshall fell into poverty
  9. 9. What Next? For the miners who stayed, some started businesses in boom towns or farmed in fertile valleys San Francisco became the largest and most important city in the West Some miners struck at rich Sadly, many miners died of diseases like cholera, from accidents in the gold fields, or on their journey to California
  10. 10. Conclusion The Gold Rush transformed California in many ways Population grew dramatically Towns, cities, and businesses thrived Made California the most famous American state—or “Golden State”
  11. 11.  UnXBU